.\" $KAME: faith.4,v 1.9 2001/04/27 17:26:35 itojun Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 WIDE Project. .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $FreeBSD: src/share/man/man4/faith.4,v 184.108.40.206 2001/07/03 11:01:24 ume Exp $ .\" .Dd April 10, 1999 .Dt FAITH 4 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm faith .Nd IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay capturing interface .Sh SYNOPSIS .Cd "pseudo-device faith" Op Ar count .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm interface captures IPv6 TCP traffic, for implementing userland IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay like .Xr faithd 8 . .Pp Special action will be taken when IPv6 TCP traffic is seen on a router, and routing table suggests to route it to .Nm interface. In this case, the packet will be accepted by the router, regardless of list of IPv6 interface addresses assigned to the router. The packet will be captured by an IPv6 TCP socket, if it has .Dv IN6P_FAITH flag turned on and it has matching address/port pairs. In result, .Nm will let you capture IPv6 TCP traffic to some specific destination addresses. Userland programs, such as .Xr faithd 8 can use this behavior to relay IPv6 TCP traffic to IPv4 TCP traffic. The program can accept some specific IPv6 TCP traffic, perform .Xr getsockname 2 to get the IPv6 destination address specified by the client, and perform application-specific address mapping to relay IPv6 TCP to IPv4 TCP. .Pp The .Dv IN6P_FAITH flag on IPv6 TCP socket can be set by using .Xr setsockopt 2 , with level equals to .Dv IPPROTO_IPV6 and optname equals to .Dv IPv6_FAITH . .Pp To handle error reports by ICMPv6, some of ICMPv6 packets routed to .Nm interface will be delivered to IPv6 TCP, as well. .Pp To understand how .Nm can be used, take a look at source code of .Xr faithd 8 . .Pp As .Nm interface implements potentially dangerous operation, great care must be taken when configuring .Nm interface. To avoid possible misuse, .Xr sysctl 8 variable .Li net.inet6.ip6.keepfaith must be set to .Li 1 prior to the use of the interface. When .Li net.inet6.ip6.keepfaith is .Li 0 , no packet will be captured by .Nm interface. .Pp .Nm interface is intended to be used on routers, not on hosts. .\" .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr inet 4 , .Xr inet6 4 , .Xr faithd 8 .Rs .%A Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino .%A Kazu Yamamoto .%T "An IPv6-to-IPv4 transport relay translator" .%R internet draft .%N draft-ietf-ngtrans-tcpudp-relay-04.txt .%O work in progress material .Re .Sh HISTORY The FAITH IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay translator was first appeared in WIDE hydrangea IPv6 stack.