.\" $NetBSD: getpriority.2,v 1.4 1995/02/27 12:33:15 cgd Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)getpriority.2 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93 .\" .Dd June 4, 1993 .Dt GETPRIORITY 2 .Os BSD 4 .Sh NAME .Nm getpriority , .Nm setpriority .Nd get/set program scheduling priority .Sh SYNOPSIS .Fd #include <sys/resource.h> .Ft int .Fo getpriority .Fa "int which" .Fa "id_t who" .Fc .Ft int .Fo setpriority .Fa "int which" .Fa "id_t who" .Fa "int prio" .Fc .Sh DESCRIPTION The scheduling priority of the process, process group, or user as indicated by .Fa which and .Fa who is obtained with the .Fn getpriority call and set with the .Fn setpriority call. Additionally, the current thread can be set to background state. .Fa Which is one of .Dv PRIO_PROCESS , .Dv PRIO_PGRP , .Dv PRIO_USER , or .Dv PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD , and .Fa who is interpreted relative to .Fa which (a process identifier for .Dv PRIO_PROCESS , process group identifier for .Dv PRIO_PGRP , and a user ID for .Dv PRIO_USER ) . A zero value of .Fa who denotes the current process, process group, user, thread (for PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD). .Fa prio is a value in the range -20 to 20. The default priority is 0; lower priorities cause more favorable scheduling. For PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD, .Fa prio is either 0 (to remove current thread from background status) or PRIO_DARWIN_BG (to set current thread into background state). .Pp The .Fn getpriority call returns the highest priority (lowest numerical value) enjoyed by any of the specified processes or for PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD returns 0 when current thread is not in background state or 1 when the current thread is in background state. The .Fn setpriority call sets the priorities of all of the specified processes to the specified value. When setting a thread into background state the scheduling priority is set to lowest value, disk and network IO are throttled. Network IO will be throttled for any sockets the thread opens after going into background state. Any previously opened sockets are not affected. Only the super-user may lower priorities, but any thread can set itself into background state. .Sh RETURN VALUES Since .Fn getpriority can legitimately return the value -1, it is necessary to clear the external variable .Va errno prior to the call, then check it afterward to determine if a -1 is an error or a legitimate value. The .Fn setpriority call returns 0 if there is no error, or -1 if there is. .Sh ERRORS .Fn Getpriority and .Fn setpriority will fail if: .Bl -tag -width Er .\" ========== .It Bq Er EINVAL .Fa Which is not one of .Dv PRIO_PROCESS , .Dv PRIO_PGRP , .Dv PRIO_USER , or .Dv PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD . .\" ========== .It Bq Er EINVAL .Fa Who is not a valid process, process group, or user ID. .\" ========== .It Bq Er EINVAL .Fa Who is not 0 when .Fa which is PRIO_DARWIN_THREAD. .\" ========== .It Bq Er ESRCH No process can be located using the .Fa which and .Fa who values specified. .El .Pp .Bl -tag -width Er In addition to the errors indicated above, .Fn setpriority will fail if: .\" ========== .It Bq Er EACCES A non super-user attempts to lower a process priority. .\" ========== .It Bq Er EPERM A process is located, but neither its effective nor real user ID matches the effective user ID of the caller. .El .Sh LEGACY SYNOPSIS .Fd #include <sys/types.h> .Fd #include <sys/resource.h> .Pp The include file .In sys/types.h is necessary. .Pp .Ft int .br .Fo getpriority .Fa "int which" .Fa "int who" .Fc ; .Pp .Ft int .br .Fo setpriority .Fa "int which" .Fa "int who" .Fa "int value" .Fc ; .Pp The type of .Fa who has changed. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr nice 1 , .Xr fork 2 , .Xr compat 5 , .Xr renice 8 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn getpriority function call appeared in .Bx 4.2 .