.\" Copyright (c) 1983, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)getpgrp.2 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/sys/getpgrp.2,v 220.127.116.11 2001/12/14 18:34:00 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd June 4, 1993 .Dt GETPGRP 2 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm getpgid , .Nm getpgrp .Nd get process group .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In unistd.h .Ft pid_t .Fo getpgid .Fa "pid_t pid" .Fc .Ft pid_t .Fo getpgrp .Fa void .Fc .Sh DESCRIPTION The process group of the current process is returned by .Fn getpgrp . The process group of the process identified by .Fa pid is returned by .Fn getpgid . If .Fa pid is zero, .Fn getpgid returns the process group of the current process. .Pp Process groups are used for distribution of signals, and by terminals to arbitrate requests for their input: processes that have the same process group as the terminal are foreground and may read, while others will block with a signal if they attempt to read. .Pp This call is thus used by programs such as .Xr csh 1 to create process groups in implementing job control. The .Fn tcgetpgrp and .Fn tcsetpgrp calls are used to get/set the process group of the control terminal. .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn getpgrp call always succeeds. Upon successful completion, the .Fn getpgid call returns the process group of the specified process; otherwise, it returns a value of \-1 and sets .Va errno to indicate the error. .Sh ERRORS .Fn getpgid will succeed unless: .Bl -tag -width Er .\" ========== .It Bq Er ESRCH There is no process whose process ID equals .Fa pid . .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr getsid 2 , .Xr setpgid 2 , .Xr termios 4 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn getpgrp function call appeared in .Bx 4.0 . The .Fn getpgid function call is derived from its usage in System V Release 4. .Sh STANDARDS The .Fn getpgrp function call is expected to conform to .St -p1003.1-90 . .Sh COMPATIBILITY This version of .Fn getpgrp differs from past Berkeley versions by not taking a .Fa "pid_t pid" argument. This incompatibility is required by .St -p1003.1-90 . .Pp From the .St -p1003.1-90 Rationale: .Pp .Bx 4.3 provides a .Fn getpgrp function that returns the process group ID for a specified process. Although this function is used to support job control, all known job-control shells always specify the calling process with this function. Thus, the simpler .At V .Fn getpgrp suffices, and the added complexity of the .Bx 4.3 .Fn getpgrp has been omitted from POSIX.1. The old functionality is available from the .Fn getpgid function.