html.c   [plain text]


/* A simple HTML parser.
   Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of Wget.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.  */

#include <config.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#ifdef HAVE_STRING_H
# include <string.h>
#else
# include <strings.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "wget.h"
#include "url.h"
#include "utils.h"
#include "ftp.h"
#include "html.h"

#ifndef errno
extern int errno;
#endif

static state_t global_state;

struct tag_attr {
  char *tag;
  char *attr;
};


/* Match a string against a null-terminated list of identifiers.  */
static int
idmatch (struct tag_attr *tags, const char *tag, const char *attr)
{
  int i;

  if (!tag || !attr)
    return 0;

  for (i = 0; tags[i].tag; i++)
    if (!strcasecmp (tags[i].tag, tag) && !strcasecmp (tags[i].attr, attr))
      return 1;
  return 0;
}

/* Parse BUF (a buffer of BUFSIZE characters) searching for HTML tags
   describing URLs to follow.  When a tag is encountered, extract its
   components (as described by html_allow[] array), and return the
   address and the length of the string.  Return NULL if no URL is
   found.  */
const char *
htmlfindurl (const char *buf, int bufsize, int *size, int init)
{
  const char *p, *ph;
  state_t *s;
  /* NULL-terminated list of tags and modifiers someone would want to
     follow -- feel free to edit to suit your needs: */
  static struct tag_attr html_allow[] = {
    { "a", "href" },
    { "img", "src" },
    { "img", "href" },
    { "body", "background" },
    { "frame", "src" },
    { "iframe", "src" },
    { "fig", "src" },
    { "overlay", "src" },
    { "applet", "code" },
    { "script", "src" },
    { "embed", "src" },
    { "bgsound", "src" },
    { "area", "href" },
    { "img", "lowsrc" },
    { "input", "src" },
    { "layer", "src" },
    { "table", "background"},
    { "th", "background"},
    { "td", "background"},
    /* Tags below this line are treated specially.  */
    { "base", "href" },
    { "meta", "content" },
    { NULL, NULL }
  };

  s = &global_state;

  if (init)
    {
      DEBUGP (("Resetting a parser state.\n"));
      memset (s, 0, sizeof (*s));
    }

  while (1)
    {
      if (!bufsize)
	break;
      /* Let's look for a tag, if we are not already in one.  */
      if (!s->at_value)
	{
	  /* Find '<'.  */
	  if (*buf != '<')
	    for (; bufsize && *buf != '<'; ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize)
	    break;
	  /* Skip spaces.  */
	  for (++buf, --bufsize; bufsize && ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>';
	       ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize)
	    break;
	  p = buf;
	  /* Find the tag end.  */
	  for (; bufsize && !ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>' && *buf != '=';
	       ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize)
	    break;
	  if (*buf == '=')
	    {
	      /* <tag=something> is illegal.  Just skip it.  */
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	      continue;
	    }
	  if (p == buf)
	    {
	      /* *buf == '>'.  */
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	      continue;
	    }
	  s->tag = strdupdelim (p, buf);
	  if (*buf == '>')
	    {
	      free (s->tag);
	      s->tag = NULL;
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	      continue;
	    }
	}
      else                      /* s->at_value */
	{
	  /* Reset AT_VALUE.  */
	  s->at_value = 0;
	  /* If in quotes, just skip out of them and continue living.  */
	  if (s->in_quote)
	    {
	      s->in_quote = 0;
	      for (; bufsize && *buf != s->quote_char; ++buf, --bufsize);
	      if (!bufsize)
		break;
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	    }
	  if (!bufsize)
	    break;
	  if (*buf == '>')
	    {
	      FREE_MAYBE (s->tag);
	      FREE_MAYBE (s->attr);
	      s->tag = s->attr = NULL;
	      continue;
	    }
	}
      /* Find the attributes.  */
      do
	{
	  FREE_MAYBE (s->attr);
	  s->attr = NULL;
	  if (!bufsize)
	    break;
	  /* Skip the spaces if we have them.  We don't have them at
	     places like <img alt="something"src="something-else">.
	                                     ^ no spaces here */
	  if (ISSPACE (*buf))
	    for (++buf, --bufsize; bufsize && ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>';
		 ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize || *buf == '>')
	    break;
	  if (*buf == '=')
	    {
	      /* This is the case of <tag = something>, which is
		 illegal.  Just skip it.  */
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	      continue;
	    }
	  p = buf;
	  /* Find the attribute end.  */
	  for (; bufsize && !ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>' && *buf != '=';
	       ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize || *buf == '>')
	    break;
	  /* Construct the attribute.  */
	  s->attr = strdupdelim (p, buf);
	  /* Now we must skip the spaces to find '='.  */
	  if (*buf != '=')
	    {
	      for (; bufsize && ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>'; ++buf, --bufsize);
	      if (!bufsize || *buf == '>')
		break;
	    }
	  /* If we still don't have '=', something is amiss.  */
	  if (*buf != '=')
	    continue;
	  /* Find the beginning of attribute value by skipping the
	     spaces.  */
	  ++buf, --bufsize;
	  for (; bufsize && ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>'; ++buf, --bufsize);
	  if (!bufsize || *buf == '>')
	    break;
	  ph = NULL;
	  /* The value of an attribute can, but does not have to be
	     quoted.  */
	  if (*buf == '\"' || *buf == '\'')
	    {
	      s->in_quote = 1;
	      s->quote_char = *buf;
	      p = buf + 1;
	      for (++buf, --bufsize;
		   bufsize && *buf != s->quote_char && *buf != '\n';
		   ++buf, --bufsize)
		if (*buf == '#')
		  ph = buf;
	      if (!bufsize)
		{
		  s->in_quote = 0;
		  break;
		}
	      if (*buf == '\n')
		{
		  /* #### Is the following logic good?

		     Obviously no longer in quote.  It might be well
		     to check whether '>' was encountered, but that
		     would be encouraging writers of invalid HTMLs,
		     and we don't want that, now do we?  */
		  s->in_quote = 0;
		  continue;
		}
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      p = buf;
	      for (; bufsize && !ISSPACE (*buf) && *buf != '>'; ++buf, --bufsize)
		if (*buf == '#')
		  ph = buf;
	      if (!bufsize)
		break;
	    }
	  /* If '#' was found unprotected in a URI, it is probably an
	     HTML marker, or color spec.  */
	  *size = (ph ? ph : buf) - p;
	  /* The URI is liable to be returned if:
	     1) *size != 0;
	     2) its tag and attribute are found in html_allow.  */
	  if (*size && idmatch (html_allow, s->tag, s->attr))
	    {
	      if (!strcasecmp (s->tag, "base") && !strcasecmp (s->attr, "href"))
		{
		  FREE_MAYBE (s->base);
		  s->base = strdupdelim (p, buf);
		}
	      else if (!strcasecmp (s->tag, "meta") && !strcasecmp (s->attr, "content"))
		{
		  /* Some pages use a META tag to specify that the page
		     be refreshed by a new page after a given number of
		     seconds.  We need to attempt to extract an URL for
		     the new page from the other garbage present.  The
		     general format for this is:                  
		     <META HTTP-EQUIV=Refresh CONTENT="0; URL=index2.html">

		     So we just need to skip past the "0; URL="
		     garbage to get to the URL.  META tags are also
		     used for specifying random things like the page
		     author's name and what editor was used to create
		     it.  So we need to be careful to ignore them and
		     not assume that an URL will be present at all.  */
		  for (; *size && ISDIGIT (*p); p++, *size -= 1);
		  if (*p == ';')
		    {
		      for (p++, *size -= 1; *size && ISSPACE (*p); p++, *size -= 1) ;
		      if (!strncasecmp (p, "URL=", 4))
			{
			  p += 4, *size -= 4;
			  s->at_value = 1;
			  return p;
			}
		    }
		}
	      else
		{
		  s->at_value = 1;
		  return p;
		}
	    }
	  /* Exit from quote.  */
	  if (*buf == s->quote_char)
	    {
	      s->in_quote = 0;
	      ++buf, --bufsize;
	    }
	} while (*buf != '>');
      FREE_MAYBE (s->tag);
      FREE_MAYBE (s->attr);
      s->tag = s->attr = NULL;
      if (!bufsize)
	break;
    }

  FREE_MAYBE (s->tag);
  FREE_MAYBE (s->attr);
  FREE_MAYBE (s->base);
  memset (s, 0, sizeof (*s));	/* just to be sure */
  DEBUGP (("HTML parser ends here (state destroyed).\n"));
  return NULL;
}

/* The function returns the base reference of HTML buffer id, or NULL
   if one wasn't defined for that buffer.  */
const char *
html_base (void)
{
  return global_state.base;
}

/* The function returns the pointer to the malloc-ed quoted version of
   string s.  It will recognize and quote numeric and special graphic
   entities, as per RFC1866:

   `&' -> `&amp;'
   `<' -> `&lt;'
   `>' -> `&gt;'
   `"' -> `&quot;'

   No other entities are recognized or replaced.  */
static char *
html_quote_string (const char *s)
{
  const char *b = s;
  char *p, *res;
  int i;

  /* Pass through the string, and count the new size.  */
  for (i = 0; *s; s++, i++)
    {
      if (*s == '&')
	i += 4;                /* `amp;' */
      else if (*s == '<' || *s == '>')
	i += 3;                /* `lt;' and `gt;' */
      else if (*s == '\"')
	i += 5;                /* `quot;' */
    }
  res = (char *)xmalloc (i + 1);
  s = b;
  for (p = res; *s; s++)
    {
      switch (*s)
	{
	case '&':
	  *p++ = '&';
	  *p++ = 'a';
	  *p++ = 'm';
	  *p++ = 'p';
	  *p++ = ';';
	  break;
	case '<': case '>':
	  *p++ = '&';
	  *p++ = (*s == '<' ? 'l' : 'g');
	  *p++ = 't';
	  *p++ = ';';
	  break;
	case '\"':
	  *p++ = '&';
	  *p++ = 'q';
	  *p++ = 'u';
	  *p++ = 'o';
	  *p++ = 't';
	  *p++ = ';';
	  break;
	default:
	  *p++ = *s;
	}
    }
  *p = '\0';
  return res;
}

/* The function creates an HTML index containing references to given
   directories and files on the appropriate host.  The references are
   FTP.  */
uerr_t
ftp_index (const char *file, struct urlinfo *u, struct fileinfo *f)
{
  FILE *fp;
  char *upwd;
  char *htclfile;		/* HTML-clean file name */

  if (!opt.dfp)
    {
      fp = fopen (file, "wb");
      if (!fp)
	{
	  logprintf (LOG_NOTQUIET, "%s: %s\n", file, strerror (errno));
	  return FOPENERR;
	}
    }
  else
    fp = opt.dfp;
  if (u->user)
    {
      char *tmpu, *tmpp;        /* temporary, clean user and passwd */

      tmpu = CLEANDUP (u->user);
      tmpp = u->passwd ? CLEANDUP (u->passwd) : NULL;
      upwd = (char *)xmalloc (strlen (tmpu)
			     + (tmpp ? (1 + strlen (tmpp)) : 0) + 2);
      sprintf (upwd, "%s%s%s@", tmpu, tmpp ? ":" : "", tmpp ? tmpp : "");
      free (tmpu);
      FREE_MAYBE (tmpp);
    }
  else
    upwd = xstrdup ("");
  fprintf (fp, "<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN\">\n");
  fprintf (fp, "<html>\n<head>\n<title>");
  fprintf (fp, _("Index of /%s on %s:%d"), u->dir, u->host, u->port);
  fprintf (fp, "</title>\n</head>\n<body>\n<h1>");
  fprintf (fp, _("Index of /%s on %s:%d"), u->dir, u->host, u->port);
  fprintf (fp, "</h1>\n<hr>\n<pre>\n");
  while (f)
    {
      fprintf (fp, "  ");
      if (f->tstamp != -1)
	{
	  /* #### Should we translate the months? */
	  static char *months[] = {
	    "Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
	    "Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"
	  };
	  struct tm *ptm = localtime ((time_t *)&f->tstamp);

	  fprintf (fp, "%d %s %02d ", ptm->tm_year + 1900, months[ptm->tm_mon],
		  ptm->tm_mday);
	  if (ptm->tm_hour)
	    fprintf (fp, "%02d:%02d  ", ptm->tm_hour, ptm->tm_min);
	  else
	    fprintf (fp, "       ");
	}
      else
	fprintf (fp, _("time unknown       "));
      switch (f->type)
	{
	case FT_PLAINFILE:
	  fprintf (fp, _("File        "));
	  break;
	case FT_DIRECTORY:
	  fprintf (fp, _("Directory   "));
	  break;
	case FT_SYMLINK:
	  fprintf (fp, _("Link        "));
	  break;
	default:
	  fprintf (fp, _("Not sure    "));
	  break;
	}
      htclfile = html_quote_string (f->name);
      fprintf (fp, "<a href=\"ftp://%s%s:%hu", upwd, u->host, u->port);
      if (*u->dir != '/')
	putc ('/', fp);
      fprintf (fp, "%s", u->dir);
      if (*u->dir)
	putc ('/', fp);
      fprintf (fp, "%s", htclfile);
      if (f->type == FT_DIRECTORY)
	putc ('/', fp);
      fprintf (fp, "\">%s", htclfile);
      if (f->type == FT_DIRECTORY)
	putc ('/', fp);
      fprintf (fp, "</a> ");
      if (f->type == FT_PLAINFILE)
	fprintf (fp, _(" (%s bytes)"), legible (f->size));
      else if (f->type == FT_SYMLINK)
	fprintf (fp, "-> %s", f->linkto ? f->linkto : "(nil)");
      putc ('\n', fp);
      free (htclfile);
      f = f->next;
    }
  fprintf (fp, "</pre>\n</body>\n</html>\n");
  free (upwd);
  if (!opt.dfp)
    fclose (fp);
  else
    fflush (fp);
  return FTPOK;
}