os_win32.c   [plain text]


/* vi:set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4:
 *
 * VIM - Vi IMproved	by Bram Moolenaar
 *
 * Do ":help uganda"  in Vim to read copying and usage conditions.
 * Do ":help credits" in Vim to see a list of people who contributed.
 * See README.txt for an overview of the Vim source code.
 */
/*
 * os_win32.c
 *
 * Used for both the console version and the Win32 GUI.  A lot of code is for
 * the console version only, so there is a lot of "#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32".
 *
 * Win32 (Windows NT and Windows 95) system-dependent routines.
 * Portions lifted from the Win32 SDK samples, the MSDOS-dependent code,
 * NetHack 3.1.3, GNU Emacs 19.30, and Vile 5.5.
 *
 * George V. Reilly <george@reilly.org> wrote most of this.
 * Roger Knobbe <rogerk@wonderware.com> did the initial port of Vim 3.0.
 */

#include "vimio.h"
#include "vim.h"

#ifdef FEAT_MZSCHEME
# include "if_mzsch.h"
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <process.h>

#undef chdir
#ifdef __GNUC__
# ifndef __MINGW32__
#  include <dirent.h>
# endif
#else
# include <direct.h>
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_TITLE) && !defined(FEAT_GUI_W32)
# include <shellapi.h>
#endif

#ifdef __MINGW32__
# ifndef FROM_LEFT_1ST_BUTTON_PRESSED
#  define FROM_LEFT_1ST_BUTTON_PRESSED    0x0001
# endif
# ifndef RIGHTMOST_BUTTON_PRESSED
#  define RIGHTMOST_BUTTON_PRESSED	  0x0002
# endif
# ifndef FROM_LEFT_2ND_BUTTON_PRESSED
#  define FROM_LEFT_2ND_BUTTON_PRESSED    0x0004
# endif
# ifndef FROM_LEFT_3RD_BUTTON_PRESSED
#  define FROM_LEFT_3RD_BUTTON_PRESSED    0x0008
# endif
# ifndef FROM_LEFT_4TH_BUTTON_PRESSED
#  define FROM_LEFT_4TH_BUTTON_PRESSED    0x0010
# endif

/*
 * EventFlags
 */
# ifndef MOUSE_MOVED
#  define MOUSE_MOVED   0x0001
# endif
# ifndef DOUBLE_CLICK
#  define DOUBLE_CLICK  0x0002
# endif
#endif

/* Record all output and all keyboard & mouse input */
/* #define MCH_WRITE_DUMP */

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
FILE* fdDump = NULL;
#endif

/*
 * When generating prototypes for Win32 on Unix, these lines make the syntax
 * errors disappear.  They do not need to be correct.
 */
#ifdef PROTO
#define WINAPI
#define WINBASEAPI
typedef char * LPCSTR;
typedef char * LPWSTR;
typedef int ACCESS_MASK;
typedef int BOOL;
typedef int COLORREF;
typedef int CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO;
typedef int COORD;
typedef int DWORD;
typedef int HANDLE;
typedef int HDC;
typedef int HFONT;
typedef int HICON;
typedef int HINSTANCE;
typedef int HWND;
typedef int INPUT_RECORD;
typedef int KEY_EVENT_RECORD;
typedef int LOGFONT;
typedef int LPBOOL;
typedef int LPCTSTR;
typedef int LPDWORD;
typedef int LPSTR;
typedef int LPTSTR;
typedef int LPVOID;
typedef int MOUSE_EVENT_RECORD;
typedef int PACL;
typedef int PDWORD;
typedef int PHANDLE;
typedef int PRINTDLG;
typedef int PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR;
typedef int PSID;
typedef int SECURITY_INFORMATION;
typedef int SHORT;
typedef int SMALL_RECT;
typedef int TEXTMETRIC;
typedef int TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS;
typedef int TRUSTEE;
typedef int WORD;
typedef int WCHAR;
typedef void VOID;
#endif

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32
/* Undocumented API in kernel32.dll needed to work around dead key bug in
 * console-mode applications in NT 4.0.  If you switch keyboard layouts
 * in a console app to a layout that includes dead keys and then hit a
 * dead key, a call to ToAscii will trash the stack.  My thanks to Ian James
 * and Michael Dietrich for helping me figure out this workaround.
 */

/* WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI GetConsoleKeyboardLayoutNameA(LPSTR); */
#ifndef WINBASEAPI
# define WINBASEAPI __stdcall
#endif
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
typedef BOOL (__stdcall *PFNGCKLN)(LPSTR);
#else
typedef WINBASEAPI BOOL (WINAPI *PFNGCKLN)(LPSTR);
#endif
static PFNGCKLN    s_pfnGetConsoleKeyboardLayoutName = NULL;
#endif

#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
/* Strangely Borland uses a non-standard name. */
# define wcsicmp(a, b) wcscmpi((a), (b))
#endif

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32
/* Win32 Console handles for input and output */
static HANDLE g_hConIn  = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
static HANDLE g_hConOut = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

/* Win32 Screen buffer,coordinate,console I/O information */
static SMALL_RECT g_srScrollRegion;
static COORD	  g_coord;  /* 0-based, but external coords are 1-based */

/* The attribute of the screen when the editor was started */
static WORD  g_attrDefault = 7;  /* lightgray text on black background */
static WORD  g_attrCurrent;

static int g_fCBrkPressed = FALSE;  /* set by ctrl-break interrupt */
static int g_fCtrlCPressed = FALSE; /* set when ctrl-C or ctrl-break detected */
static int g_fForceExit = FALSE;    /* set when forcefully exiting */

static void termcap_mode_start(void);
static void termcap_mode_end(void);
static void clear_chars(COORD coord, DWORD n);
static void clear_screen(void);
static void clear_to_end_of_display(void);
static void clear_to_end_of_line(void);
static void scroll(unsigned cLines);
static void set_scroll_region(unsigned left, unsigned top,
			      unsigned right, unsigned bottom);
static void insert_lines(unsigned cLines);
static void delete_lines(unsigned cLines);
static void gotoxy(unsigned x, unsigned y);
static void normvideo(void);
static void textattr(WORD wAttr);
static void textcolor(WORD wAttr);
static void textbackground(WORD wAttr);
static void standout(void);
static void standend(void);
static void visual_bell(void);
static void cursor_visible(BOOL fVisible);
static BOOL write_chars(LPCSTR pchBuf, DWORD cchToWrite);
static char_u tgetch(int *pmodifiers, char_u *pch2);
static void create_conin(void);
static int s_cursor_visible = TRUE;
static int did_create_conin = FALSE;
#else
static int s_dont_use_vimrun = TRUE;
static int need_vimrun_warning = FALSE;
static char *vimrun_path = "vimrun ";
#endif

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32
static int suppress_winsize = 1;	/* don't fiddle with console */
#endif

    static void
get_exe_name(void)
{
    char	temp[256];
    static int	did_set_PATH = FALSE;

    if (exe_name == NULL)
    {
	/* store the name of the executable, may be used for $VIM */
	GetModuleFileName(NULL, temp, 255);
	if (*temp != NUL)
	    exe_name = FullName_save((char_u *)temp, FALSE);
    }

    if (!did_set_PATH && exe_name != NULL)
    {
	char_u	    *p;
	char_u	    *newpath;

	/* Append our starting directory to $PATH, so that when doing "!xxd"
	 * it's found in our starting directory.  Needed because SearchPath()
	 * also looks there. */
	p = mch_getenv("PATH");
	newpath = alloc((unsigned)(STRLEN(p) + STRLEN(exe_name) + 2));
	if (newpath != NULL)
	{
	    STRCPY(newpath, p);
	    STRCAT(newpath, ";");
	    vim_strncpy(newpath + STRLEN(newpath), exe_name,
					    gettail_sep(exe_name) - exe_name);
	    vim_setenv((char_u *)"PATH", newpath);
	    vim_free(newpath);
	}

	did_set_PATH = TRUE;
    }
}

#if defined(DYNAMIC_GETTEXT) || defined(PROTO)
# ifndef GETTEXT_DLL
#  define GETTEXT_DLL "libintl.dll"
# endif
/* Dummy funcitons */
static char *null_libintl_gettext(const char *);
static char *null_libintl_textdomain(const char *);
static char *null_libintl_bindtextdomain(const char *, const char *);
static char *null_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset(const char *, const char *);

static HINSTANCE hLibintlDLL = 0;
char *(*dyn_libintl_gettext)(const char *) = null_libintl_gettext;
char *(*dyn_libintl_textdomain)(const char *) = null_libintl_textdomain;
char *(*dyn_libintl_bindtextdomain)(const char *, const char *)
						= null_libintl_bindtextdomain;
char *(*dyn_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset)(const char *, const char *)
				       = null_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset;

    int
dyn_libintl_init(char *libname)
{
    int i;
    static struct
    {
	char	    *name;
	FARPROC	    *ptr;
    } libintl_entry[] =
    {
	{"gettext", (FARPROC*)&dyn_libintl_gettext},
	{"textdomain", (FARPROC*)&dyn_libintl_textdomain},
	{"bindtextdomain", (FARPROC*)&dyn_libintl_bindtextdomain},
	{NULL, NULL}
    };

    /* No need to initialize twice. */
    if (hLibintlDLL)
	return 1;
    /* Load gettext library (libintl.dll) */
    hLibintlDLL = LoadLibrary(libname != NULL ? libname : GETTEXT_DLL);
    if (!hLibintlDLL)
    {
	char_u	    dirname[_MAX_PATH];

	/* Try using the path from gvim.exe to find the .dll there. */
	get_exe_name();
	STRCPY(dirname, exe_name);
	STRCPY(gettail(dirname), GETTEXT_DLL);
	hLibintlDLL = LoadLibrary((char *)dirname);
	if (!hLibintlDLL)
	{
	    if (p_verbose > 0)
	    {
		verbose_enter();
		EMSG2(_(e_loadlib), GETTEXT_DLL);
		verbose_leave();
	    }
	    return 0;
	}
    }
    for (i = 0; libintl_entry[i].name != NULL
					 && libintl_entry[i].ptr != NULL; ++i)
    {
	if ((*libintl_entry[i].ptr = (FARPROC)GetProcAddress(hLibintlDLL,
					      libintl_entry[i].name)) == NULL)
	{
	    dyn_libintl_end();
	    if (p_verbose > 0)
	    {
		verbose_enter();
		EMSG2(_(e_loadfunc), libintl_entry[i].name);
		verbose_leave();
	    }
	    return 0;
	}
    }

    /* The bind_textdomain_codeset() function is optional. */
    dyn_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset = (void *)GetProcAddress(hLibintlDLL,
						   "bind_textdomain_codeset");
    if (dyn_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset == NULL)
	dyn_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset =
					 null_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset;

    return 1;
}

    void
dyn_libintl_end()
{
    if (hLibintlDLL)
	FreeLibrary(hLibintlDLL);
    hLibintlDLL			= NULL;
    dyn_libintl_gettext		= null_libintl_gettext;
    dyn_libintl_textdomain	= null_libintl_textdomain;
    dyn_libintl_bindtextdomain	= null_libintl_bindtextdomain;
    dyn_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset = null_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset;
}

/*ARGSUSED*/
    static char *
null_libintl_gettext(const char *msgid)
{
    return (char*)msgid;
}

/*ARGSUSED*/
    static char *
null_libintl_bindtextdomain(const char *domainname, const char *dirname)
{
    return NULL;
}

/*ARGSUSED*/
    static char *
null_libintl_bind_textdomain_codeset(const char *domainname,
							  const char *codeset)
{
    return NULL;
}

/*ARGSUSED*/
    static char *
null_libintl_textdomain(const char *domainname)
{
    return NULL;
}

#endif /* DYNAMIC_GETTEXT */

/* This symbol is not defined in older versions of the SDK or Visual C++ */

#ifndef VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS
# define VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS 1
#endif

DWORD g_PlatformId;

#ifdef HAVE_ACL
# include <aclapi.h>
/*
 * These are needed to dynamically load the ADVAPI DLL, which is not
 * implemented under Windows 95 (and causes VIM to crash)
 */
typedef DWORD (WINAPI *PSNSECINFO) (LPTSTR, enum SE_OBJECT_TYPE,
	SECURITY_INFORMATION, PSID, PSID, PACL, PACL);
typedef DWORD (WINAPI *PGNSECINFO) (LPSTR, enum SE_OBJECT_TYPE,
	SECURITY_INFORMATION, PSID *, PSID *, PACL *, PACL *,
	PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR *);

static HANDLE advapi_lib = NULL;	/* Handle for ADVAPI library */
static PSNSECINFO pSetNamedSecurityInfo;
static PGNSECINFO pGetNamedSecurityInfo;
#endif

/*
 * Set g_PlatformId to VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT (NT) or
 * VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS (Win95).
 */
    void
PlatformId(void)
{
    static int done = FALSE;

    if (!done)
    {
	OSVERSIONINFO ovi;

	ovi.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(ovi);
	GetVersionEx(&ovi);

	g_PlatformId = ovi.dwPlatformId;

#ifdef HAVE_ACL
	/*
	 * Load the ADVAPI runtime if we are on anything
	 * other than Windows 95
	 */
	if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT)
	{
	    /*
	     * do this load.  Problems: Doesn't unload at end of run (this is
	     * theoretically okay, since Windows should unload it when VIM
	     * terminates).  Should we be using the 'mch_libcall' routines?
	     * Seems like a lot of overhead to load/unload ADVAPI32.DLL each
	     * time we verify security...
	     */
	    advapi_lib = LoadLibrary("ADVAPI32.DLL");
	    if (advapi_lib != NULL)
	    {
		pSetNamedSecurityInfo = (PSNSECINFO)GetProcAddress(advapi_lib,
						      "SetNamedSecurityInfoA");
		pGetNamedSecurityInfo = (PGNSECINFO)GetProcAddress(advapi_lib,
						      "GetNamedSecurityInfoA");
		if (pSetNamedSecurityInfo == NULL
			|| pGetNamedSecurityInfo == NULL)
		{
		    /* If we can't get the function addresses, set advapi_lib
		     * to NULL so that we don't use them. */
		    FreeLibrary(advapi_lib);
		    advapi_lib = NULL;
		}
	    }
	}
#endif
	done = TRUE;
    }
}

/*
 * Return TRUE when running on Windows 95 (or 98 or ME).
 * Only to be used after mch_init().
 */
    int
mch_windows95(void)
{
    return g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS;
}

#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
/*
 * Used to work around the "can't do synchronous spawn"
 * problem on Win32s, without resorting to Universal Thunk.
 */
static int old_num_windows;
static int num_windows;

/*ARGSUSED*/
    static BOOL CALLBACK
win32ssynch_cb(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lparam)
{
    num_windows++;
    return TRUE;
}
#endif

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32

#define SHIFT  (SHIFT_PRESSED)
#define CTRL   (RIGHT_CTRL_PRESSED | LEFT_CTRL_PRESSED)
#define ALT    (RIGHT_ALT_PRESSED  | LEFT_ALT_PRESSED)
#define ALT_GR (RIGHT_ALT_PRESSED  | LEFT_CTRL_PRESSED)


/* When uChar.AsciiChar is 0, then we need to look at wVirtualKeyCode.
 * We map function keys to their ANSI terminal equivalents, as produced
 * by ANSI.SYS, for compatibility with the MS-DOS version of Vim.  Any
 * ANSI key with a value >= '\300' is nonstandard, but provided anyway
 * so that the user can have access to all SHIFT-, CTRL-, and ALT-
 * combinations of function/arrow/etc keys.
 */

static const struct
{
    WORD    wVirtKey;
    BOOL    fAnsiKey;
    int	    chAlone;
    int	    chShift;
    int	    chCtrl;
    int	    chAlt;
} VirtKeyMap[] =
{

/*    Key	ANSI	alone	shift	ctrl	    alt */
    { VK_ESCAPE,FALSE,	ESC,	ESC,	ESC,	    ESC,    },

    { VK_F1,	TRUE,	';',	'T',	'^',	    'h', },
    { VK_F2,	TRUE,	'<',	'U',	'_',	    'i', },
    { VK_F3,	TRUE,	'=',	'V',	'`',	    'j', },
    { VK_F4,	TRUE,	'>',	'W',	'a',	    'k', },
    { VK_F5,	TRUE,	'?',	'X',	'b',	    'l', },
    { VK_F6,	TRUE,	'@',	'Y',	'c',	    'm', },
    { VK_F7,	TRUE,	'A',	'Z',	'd',	    'n', },
    { VK_F8,	TRUE,	'B',	'[',	'e',	    'o', },
    { VK_F9,	TRUE,	'C',	'\\',	'f',	    'p', },
    { VK_F10,	TRUE,	'D',	']',	'g',	    'q', },
    { VK_F11,	TRUE,	'\205',	'\207',	'\211',	    '\213', },
    { VK_F12,	TRUE,	'\206',	'\210',	'\212',	    '\214', },

    { VK_HOME,	TRUE,	'G',	'\302',	'w',	    '\303', },
    { VK_UP,	TRUE,	'H',	'\304',	'\305',	    '\306', },
    { VK_PRIOR,	TRUE,	'I',	'\307',	'\204',	    '\310', }, /*PgUp*/
    { VK_LEFT,	TRUE,	'K',	'\311',	's',	    '\312', },
    { VK_RIGHT,	TRUE,	'M',	'\313',	't',	    '\314', },
    { VK_END,	TRUE,	'O',	'\315',	'u',	    '\316', },
    { VK_DOWN,	TRUE,	'P',	'\317',	'\320',	    '\321', },
    { VK_NEXT,	TRUE,	'Q',	'\322',	'v',	    '\323', }, /*PgDn*/
    { VK_INSERT,TRUE,	'R',	'\324',	'\325',	    '\326', },
    { VK_DELETE,TRUE,	'S',	'\327',	'\330',	    '\331', },

    { VK_SNAPSHOT,TRUE,	0,	0,	0,	    'r', }, /*PrtScrn*/

#if 0
    /* Most people don't have F13-F20, but what the hell... */
    { VK_F13,	TRUE,	'\332',	'\333',	'\334',	    '\335', },
    { VK_F14,	TRUE,	'\336',	'\337',	'\340',	    '\341', },
    { VK_F15,	TRUE,	'\342',	'\343',	'\344',	    '\345', },
    { VK_F16,	TRUE,	'\346',	'\347',	'\350',	    '\351', },
    { VK_F17,	TRUE,	'\352',	'\353',	'\354',	    '\355', },
    { VK_F18,	TRUE,	'\356',	'\357',	'\360',	    '\361', },
    { VK_F19,	TRUE,	'\362',	'\363',	'\364',	    '\365', },
    { VK_F20,	TRUE,	'\366',	'\367',	'\370',	    '\371', },
#endif
    { VK_ADD,	TRUE,   'N',    'N',    'N',	'N',	}, /* keyp '+' */
    { VK_SUBTRACT, TRUE,'J',	'J',    'J',	'J',	}, /* keyp '-' */
 /* { VK_DIVIDE,   TRUE,'N',	'N',    'N',	'N',	},    keyp '/' */
    { VK_MULTIPLY, TRUE,'7',	'7',    '7',	'7',	}, /* keyp '*' */

    { VK_NUMPAD0,TRUE,  '\332',	'\333',	'\334',	    '\335', },
    { VK_NUMPAD1,TRUE,  '\336',	'\337',	'\340',	    '\341', },
    { VK_NUMPAD2,TRUE,  '\342',	'\343',	'\344',	    '\345', },
    { VK_NUMPAD3,TRUE,  '\346',	'\347',	'\350',	    '\351', },
    { VK_NUMPAD4,TRUE,  '\352',	'\353',	'\354',	    '\355', },
    { VK_NUMPAD5,TRUE,  '\356',	'\357',	'\360',	    '\361', },
    { VK_NUMPAD6,TRUE,  '\362',	'\363',	'\364',	    '\365', },
    { VK_NUMPAD7,TRUE,  '\366',	'\367',	'\370',	    '\371', },
    { VK_NUMPAD8,TRUE,  '\372',	'\373',	'\374',	    '\375', },
    /* Sorry, out of number space! <negri>*/
    { VK_NUMPAD9,TRUE,  '\376',	'\377',	'\377',	    '\367', },

};


#ifdef _MSC_VER
// The ToAscii bug destroys several registers.	Need to turn off optimization
// or the GetConsoleKeyboardLayoutName hack will fail in non-debug versions
# pragma warning(push)
# pragma warning(disable: 4748)
# pragma optimize("", off)
#endif

#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__MINGW32__)  && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
# define AChar AsciiChar
#else
# define AChar uChar.AsciiChar
#endif

/* The return code indicates key code size. */
    static int
#ifdef __BORLANDC__
    __stdcall
#endif
win32_kbd_patch_key(
    KEY_EVENT_RECORD *pker)
{
    UINT uMods = pker->dwControlKeyState;
    static int s_iIsDead = 0;
    static WORD awAnsiCode[2];
    static BYTE abKeystate[256];


    if (s_iIsDead == 2)
    {
	pker->AChar = (CHAR) awAnsiCode[1];
	s_iIsDead = 0;
	return 1;
    }

    if (pker->AChar != 0)
	return 1;

    vim_memset(abKeystate, 0, sizeof (abKeystate));

    // Should only be non-NULL on NT 4.0
    if (s_pfnGetConsoleKeyboardLayoutName != NULL)
    {
	CHAR szKLID[KL_NAMELENGTH];

	if ((*s_pfnGetConsoleKeyboardLayoutName)(szKLID))
	    (void)LoadKeyboardLayout(szKLID, KLF_ACTIVATE);
    }

    /* Clear any pending dead keys */
    ToAscii(VK_SPACE, MapVirtualKey(VK_SPACE, 0), abKeystate, awAnsiCode, 0);

    if (uMods & SHIFT_PRESSED)
	abKeystate[VK_SHIFT] = 0x80;
    if (uMods & CAPSLOCK_ON)
	abKeystate[VK_CAPITAL] = 1;

    if ((uMods & ALT_GR) == ALT_GR)
    {
	abKeystate[VK_CONTROL] = abKeystate[VK_LCONTROL] =
	    abKeystate[VK_MENU] = abKeystate[VK_RMENU] = 0x80;
    }

    s_iIsDead = ToAscii(pker->wVirtualKeyCode, pker->wVirtualScanCode,
			abKeystate, awAnsiCode, 0);

    if (s_iIsDead > 0)
	pker->AChar = (CHAR) awAnsiCode[0];

    return s_iIsDead;
}

#ifdef _MSC_VER
/* MUST switch optimization on again here, otherwise a call to
 * decode_key_event() may crash (e.g. when hitting caps-lock) */
# pragma optimize("", on)
# pragma warning(pop)

# if (_MSC_VER < 1100)
/* MUST turn off global optimisation for this next function, or
 * pressing ctrl-minus in insert mode crashes Vim when built with
 * VC4.1. -- negri. */
#  pragma optimize("g", off)
# endif
#endif

static BOOL g_fJustGotFocus = FALSE;

/*
 * Decode a KEY_EVENT into one or two keystrokes
 */
    static BOOL
decode_key_event(
    KEY_EVENT_RECORD	*pker,
    char_u		*pch,
    char_u		*pch2,
    int			*pmodifiers,
    BOOL		fDoPost)
{
    int i;
    const int nModifs = pker->dwControlKeyState & (SHIFT | ALT | CTRL);

    *pch = *pch2 = NUL;
    g_fJustGotFocus = FALSE;

    /* ignore key up events */
    if (!pker->bKeyDown)
	return FALSE;

    /* ignore some keystrokes */
    switch (pker->wVirtualKeyCode)
    {
    /* modifiers */
    case VK_SHIFT:
    case VK_CONTROL:
    case VK_MENU:   /* Alt key */
	return FALSE;

    default:
	break;
    }

    /* special cases */
    if ((nModifs & CTRL) != 0 && (nModifs & ~CTRL) == 0 && pker->AChar == NUL)
    {
	/* Ctrl-6 is Ctrl-^ */
	if (pker->wVirtualKeyCode == '6')
	{
	    *pch = Ctrl_HAT;
	    return TRUE;
	}
	/* Ctrl-2 is Ctrl-@ */
	else if (pker->wVirtualKeyCode == '2')
	{
	    *pch = NUL;
	    return TRUE;
	}
	/* Ctrl-- is Ctrl-_ */
	else if (pker->wVirtualKeyCode == 0xBD)
	{
	    *pch = Ctrl__;
	    return TRUE;
	}
    }

    /* Shift-TAB */
    if (pker->wVirtualKeyCode == VK_TAB && (nModifs & SHIFT_PRESSED))
    {
	*pch = K_NUL;
	*pch2 = '\017';
	return TRUE;
    }

    for (i = sizeof(VirtKeyMap) / sizeof(VirtKeyMap[0]);  --i >= 0;  )
    {
	if (VirtKeyMap[i].wVirtKey == pker->wVirtualKeyCode)
	{
	    if (nModifs == 0)
		*pch = VirtKeyMap[i].chAlone;
	    else if ((nModifs & SHIFT) != 0 && (nModifs & ~SHIFT) == 0)
		*pch = VirtKeyMap[i].chShift;
	    else if ((nModifs & CTRL) != 0 && (nModifs & ~CTRL) == 0)
		*pch = VirtKeyMap[i].chCtrl;
	    else if ((nModifs & ALT) != 0 && (nModifs & ~ALT) == 0)
		*pch = VirtKeyMap[i].chAlt;

	    if (*pch != 0)
	    {
		if (VirtKeyMap[i].fAnsiKey)
		{
		    *pch2 = *pch;
		    *pch = K_NUL;
		}

		return TRUE;
	    }
	}
    }

    i = win32_kbd_patch_key(pker);

    if (i < 0)
	*pch = NUL;
    else
    {
	*pch = (i > 0) ? pker->AChar : NUL;

	if (pmodifiers != NULL)
	{
	    /* Pass on the ALT key as a modifier, but only when not combined
	     * with CTRL (which is ALTGR). */
	    if ((nModifs & ALT) != 0 && (nModifs & CTRL) == 0)
		*pmodifiers |= MOD_MASK_ALT;

	    /* Pass on SHIFT only for special keys, because we don't know when
	     * it's already included with the character. */
	    if ((nModifs & SHIFT) != 0 && *pch <= 0x20)
		*pmodifiers |= MOD_MASK_SHIFT;

	    /* Pass on CTRL only for non-special keys, because we don't know
	     * when it's already included with the character.  And not when
	     * combined with ALT (which is ALTGR). */
	    if ((nModifs & CTRL) != 0 && (nModifs & ALT) == 0
					       && *pch >= 0x20 && *pch < 0x80)
		*pmodifiers |= MOD_MASK_CTRL;
	}
    }

    return (*pch != NUL);
}

#ifdef _MSC_VER
# pragma optimize("", on)
#endif

#endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */


#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE

/*
 * For the GUI the mouse handling is in gui_w32.c.
 */
# ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
/*ARGSUSED*/
    void
mch_setmouse(int on)
{
}
# else
static int g_fMouseAvail = FALSE;   /* mouse present */
static int g_fMouseActive = FALSE;  /* mouse enabled */
static int g_nMouseClick = -1;	    /* mouse status */
static int g_xMouse;		    /* mouse x coordinate */
static int g_yMouse;		    /* mouse y coordinate */

/*
 * Enable or disable mouse input
 */
    void
mch_setmouse(int on)
{
    DWORD cmodein;

    if (!g_fMouseAvail)
	return;

    g_fMouseActive = on;
    GetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, &cmodein);

    if (g_fMouseActive)
	cmodein |= ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT;
    else
	cmodein &= ~ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT;

    SetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, cmodein);
}


/*
 * Decode a MOUSE_EVENT.  If it's a valid event, return MOUSE_LEFT,
 * MOUSE_MIDDLE, or MOUSE_RIGHT for a click; MOUSE_DRAG for a mouse
 * move with a button held down; and MOUSE_RELEASE after a MOUSE_DRAG
 * or a MOUSE_LEFT, _MIDDLE, or _RIGHT.  We encode the button type,
 * the number of clicks, and the Shift/Ctrl/Alt modifiers in g_nMouseClick,
 * and we return the mouse position in g_xMouse and g_yMouse.
 *
 * Every MOUSE_LEFT, _MIDDLE, or _RIGHT will be followed by zero or more
 * MOUSE_DRAGs and one MOUSE_RELEASE.  MOUSE_RELEASE will be followed only
 * by MOUSE_LEFT, _MIDDLE, or _RIGHT.
 *
 * For multiple clicks, we send, say, MOUSE_LEFT/1 click, MOUSE_RELEASE,
 * MOUSE_LEFT/2 clicks, MOUSE_RELEASE, MOUSE_LEFT/3 clicks, MOUSE_RELEASE, ....
 *
 * Windows will send us MOUSE_MOVED notifications whenever the mouse
 * moves, even if it stays within the same character cell.  We ignore
 * all MOUSE_MOVED messages if the position hasn't really changed, and
 * we ignore all MOUSE_MOVED messages where no button is held down (i.e.,
 * we're only interested in MOUSE_DRAG).
 *
 * All of this is complicated by the code that fakes MOUSE_MIDDLE on
 * 2-button mouses by pressing the left & right buttons simultaneously.
 * In practice, it's almost impossible to click both at the same time,
 * so we need to delay a little.  Also, we tend not to get MOUSE_RELEASE
 * in such cases, if the user is clicking quickly.
 */
    static BOOL
decode_mouse_event(
    MOUSE_EVENT_RECORD *pmer)
{
    static int s_nOldButton = -1;
    static int s_nOldMouseClick = -1;
    static int s_xOldMouse = -1;
    static int s_yOldMouse = -1;
    static linenr_T s_old_topline = 0;
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
    static int s_old_topfill = 0;
#endif
    static int s_cClicks = 1;
    static BOOL s_fReleased = TRUE;
    static DWORD s_dwLastClickTime = 0;
    static BOOL s_fNextIsMiddle = FALSE;

    static DWORD cButtons = 0;	/* number of buttons supported */

    const DWORD LEFT = FROM_LEFT_1ST_BUTTON_PRESSED;
    const DWORD MIDDLE = FROM_LEFT_2ND_BUTTON_PRESSED;
    const DWORD RIGHT = RIGHTMOST_BUTTON_PRESSED;
    const DWORD LEFT_RIGHT = LEFT | RIGHT;

    int nButton;

    if (cButtons == 0 && !GetNumberOfConsoleMouseButtons(&cButtons))
	cButtons = 2;

    if (!g_fMouseAvail || !g_fMouseActive)
    {
	g_nMouseClick = -1;
	return FALSE;
    }

    /* get a spurious MOUSE_EVENT immediately after receiving focus; ignore */
    if (g_fJustGotFocus)
    {
	g_fJustGotFocus = FALSE;
	return FALSE;
    }

    /* unprocessed mouse click? */
    if (g_nMouseClick != -1)
	return TRUE;

    nButton = -1;
    g_xMouse = pmer->dwMousePosition.X;
    g_yMouse = pmer->dwMousePosition.Y;

    if (pmer->dwEventFlags == MOUSE_MOVED)
    {
	/* ignore MOUSE_MOVED events if (x, y) hasn't changed.	(We get these
	 * events even when the mouse moves only within a char cell.) */
	if (s_xOldMouse == g_xMouse && s_yOldMouse == g_yMouse)
	    return FALSE;
    }

    /* If no buttons are pressed... */
    if ((pmer->dwButtonState & ((1 << cButtons) - 1)) == 0)
    {
	/* If the last thing returned was MOUSE_RELEASE, ignore this */
	if (s_fReleased)
	    return FALSE;

	nButton = MOUSE_RELEASE;
	s_fReleased = TRUE;
    }
    else    /* one or more buttons pressed */
    {
	/* on a 2-button mouse, hold down left and right buttons
	 * simultaneously to get MIDDLE. */

	if (cButtons == 2 && s_nOldButton != MOUSE_DRAG)
	{
	    DWORD dwLR = (pmer->dwButtonState & LEFT_RIGHT);

	    /* if either left or right button only is pressed, see if the
	     * the next mouse event has both of them pressed */
	    if (dwLR == LEFT || dwLR == RIGHT)
	    {
		for (;;)
		{
		    /* wait a short time for next input event */
		    if (WaitForSingleObject(g_hConIn, p_mouset / 3)
							     != WAIT_OBJECT_0)
			break;
		    else
		    {
			DWORD cRecords = 0;
			INPUT_RECORD ir;
			MOUSE_EVENT_RECORD* pmer2 = &ir.Event.MouseEvent;

			PeekConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

			if (cRecords == 0 || ir.EventType != MOUSE_EVENT
				|| !(pmer2->dwButtonState & LEFT_RIGHT))
			    break;
			else
			{
			    if (pmer2->dwEventFlags != MOUSE_MOVED)
			    {
				ReadConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

				return decode_mouse_event(pmer2);
			    }
			    else if (s_xOldMouse == pmer2->dwMousePosition.X &&
				     s_yOldMouse == pmer2->dwMousePosition.Y)
			    {
				/* throw away spurious mouse move */
				ReadConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

				/* are there any more mouse events in queue? */
				PeekConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

				if (cRecords==0 || ir.EventType != MOUSE_EVENT)
				    break;
			    }
			    else
				break;
			}
		    }
		}
	    }
	}

	if (s_fNextIsMiddle)
	{
	    nButton = (pmer->dwEventFlags == MOUSE_MOVED)
		? MOUSE_DRAG : MOUSE_MIDDLE;
	    s_fNextIsMiddle = FALSE;
	}
	else if (cButtons == 2	&&
	    ((pmer->dwButtonState & LEFT_RIGHT) == LEFT_RIGHT))
	{
	    nButton = MOUSE_MIDDLE;

	    if (! s_fReleased && pmer->dwEventFlags != MOUSE_MOVED)
	    {
		s_fNextIsMiddle = TRUE;
		nButton = MOUSE_RELEASE;
	    }
	}
	else if ((pmer->dwButtonState & LEFT) == LEFT)
	    nButton = MOUSE_LEFT;
	else if ((pmer->dwButtonState & MIDDLE) == MIDDLE)
	    nButton = MOUSE_MIDDLE;
	else if ((pmer->dwButtonState & RIGHT) == RIGHT)
	    nButton = MOUSE_RIGHT;

	if (! s_fReleased && ! s_fNextIsMiddle
		&& nButton != s_nOldButton && s_nOldButton != MOUSE_DRAG)
	    return FALSE;

	s_fReleased = s_fNextIsMiddle;
    }

    if (pmer->dwEventFlags == 0 || pmer->dwEventFlags == DOUBLE_CLICK)
    {
	/* button pressed or released, without mouse moving */
	if (nButton != -1 && nButton != MOUSE_RELEASE)
	{
	    DWORD dwCurrentTime = GetTickCount();

	    if (s_xOldMouse != g_xMouse
		    || s_yOldMouse != g_yMouse
		    || s_nOldButton != nButton
		    || s_old_topline != curwin->w_topline
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
		    || s_old_topfill != curwin->w_topfill
#endif
		    || (int)(dwCurrentTime - s_dwLastClickTime) > p_mouset)
	    {
		s_cClicks = 1;
	    }
	    else if (++s_cClicks > 4)
	    {
		s_cClicks = 1;
	    }

	    s_dwLastClickTime = dwCurrentTime;
	}
    }
    else if (pmer->dwEventFlags == MOUSE_MOVED)
    {
	if (nButton != -1 && nButton != MOUSE_RELEASE)
	    nButton = MOUSE_DRAG;

	s_cClicks = 1;
    }

    if (nButton == -1)
	return FALSE;

    if (nButton != MOUSE_RELEASE)
	s_nOldButton = nButton;

    g_nMouseClick = nButton;

    if (pmer->dwControlKeyState & SHIFT_PRESSED)
	g_nMouseClick |= MOUSE_SHIFT;
    if (pmer->dwControlKeyState & (RIGHT_CTRL_PRESSED | LEFT_CTRL_PRESSED))
	g_nMouseClick |= MOUSE_CTRL;
    if (pmer->dwControlKeyState & (RIGHT_ALT_PRESSED  | LEFT_ALT_PRESSED))
	g_nMouseClick |= MOUSE_ALT;

    if (nButton != MOUSE_DRAG && nButton != MOUSE_RELEASE)
	SET_NUM_MOUSE_CLICKS(g_nMouseClick, s_cClicks);

    /* only pass on interesting (i.e., different) mouse events */
    if (s_xOldMouse == g_xMouse
	    && s_yOldMouse == g_yMouse
	    && s_nOldMouseClick == g_nMouseClick)
    {
	g_nMouseClick = -1;
	return FALSE;
    }

    s_xOldMouse = g_xMouse;
    s_yOldMouse = g_yMouse;
    s_old_topline = curwin->w_topline;
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
    s_old_topfill = curwin->w_topfill;
#endif
    s_nOldMouseClick = g_nMouseClick;

    return TRUE;
}

# endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */
#endif /* FEAT_MOUSE */


#ifdef MCH_CURSOR_SHAPE
/*
 * Set the shape of the cursor.
 * 'thickness' can be from 1 (thin) to 99 (block)
 */
    static void
mch_set_cursor_shape(int thickness)
{
    CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO ConsoleCursorInfo;
    ConsoleCursorInfo.dwSize = thickness;
    ConsoleCursorInfo.bVisible = s_cursor_visible;

    SetConsoleCursorInfo(g_hConOut, &ConsoleCursorInfo);
    if (s_cursor_visible)
	SetConsoleCursorPosition(g_hConOut, g_coord);
}

    void
mch_update_cursor(void)
{
    int		idx;
    int		thickness;

    /*
     * How the cursor is drawn depends on the current mode.
     */
    idx = get_shape_idx(FALSE);

    if (shape_table[idx].shape == SHAPE_BLOCK)
	thickness = 99;	/* 100 doesn't work on W95 */
    else
	thickness = shape_table[idx].percentage;
    mch_set_cursor_shape(thickness);
}
#endif

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32	    /* this isn't used for the GUI */
/*
 * Handle FOCUS_EVENT.
 */
    static void
handle_focus_event(INPUT_RECORD ir)
{
    g_fJustGotFocus = ir.Event.FocusEvent.bSetFocus;
    ui_focus_change((int)g_fJustGotFocus);
}

/*
 * Wait until console input from keyboard or mouse is available,
 * or the time is up.
 * Return TRUE if something is available FALSE if not.
 */
    static int
WaitForChar(long msec)
{
    DWORD	    dwNow = 0, dwEndTime = 0;
    INPUT_RECORD    ir;
    DWORD	    cRecords;
    char_u	    ch, ch2;

    if (msec > 0)
	/* Wait until the specified time has elapsed. */
	dwEndTime = GetTickCount() + msec;
    else if (msec < 0)
	/* Wait forever. */
	dwEndTime = INFINITE;

    /* We need to loop until the end of the time period, because
     * we might get multiple unusable mouse events in that time.
     */
    for (;;)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MZSCHEME
	mzvim_check_threads();
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_CLIENTSERVER
	serverProcessPendingMessages();
#endif
	if (0
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
		|| g_nMouseClick != -1
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_CLIENTSERVER
		|| input_available()
#endif
	   )
	    return TRUE;

	if (msec > 0)
	{
	    /* If the specified wait time has passed, return. */
	    dwNow = GetTickCount();
	    if (dwNow >= dwEndTime)
		break;
	}
	if (msec != 0)
	{
	    DWORD dwWaitTime = dwEndTime - dwNow;

#ifdef FEAT_MZSCHEME
	    if (mzthreads_allowed() && p_mzq > 0
				    && (msec < 0 || (long)dwWaitTime > p_mzq))
		dwWaitTime = p_mzq; /* don't wait longer than 'mzquantum' */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_CLIENTSERVER
	    /* Wait for either an event on the console input or a message in
	     * the client-server window. */
	    if (MsgWaitForMultipleObjects(1, &g_hConIn, FALSE,
				 dwWaitTime, QS_SENDMESSAGE) != WAIT_OBJECT_0)
#else
	    if (WaitForSingleObject(g_hConIn, dwWaitTime) != WAIT_OBJECT_0)
#endif
		    continue;
	}

	cRecords = 0;
	PeekConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE_IME
	if (State & CMDLINE && msg_row == Rows - 1)
	{
	    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;

	    if (GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi))
	    {
		if (csbi.dwCursorPosition.Y != msg_row)
		{
		    /* The screen is now messed up, must redraw the
		     * command line and later all the windows. */
		    redraw_all_later(CLEAR);
		    cmdline_row -= (msg_row - csbi.dwCursorPosition.Y);
		    redrawcmd();
		}
	    }
	}
#endif

	if (cRecords > 0)
	{
	    if (ir.EventType == KEY_EVENT && ir.Event.KeyEvent.bKeyDown)
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE_IME
		/* Windows IME sends two '\n's with only one 'ENTER'.  First:
		 * wVirtualKeyCode == 13. second: wVirtualKeyCode == 0 */
		if (ir.Event.KeyEvent.uChar.UnicodeChar == 0
			&& ir.Event.KeyEvent.wVirtualKeyCode == 13)
		{
		    ReadConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);
		    continue;
		}
#endif
		if (decode_key_event(&ir.Event.KeyEvent, &ch, &ch2,
								 NULL, FALSE))
		    return TRUE;
	    }

	    ReadConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords);

	    if (ir.EventType == FOCUS_EVENT)
		handle_focus_event(ir);
	    else if (ir.EventType == WINDOW_BUFFER_SIZE_EVENT)
		shell_resized();
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	    else if (ir.EventType == MOUSE_EVENT
		    && decode_mouse_event(&ir.Event.MouseEvent))
		return TRUE;
#endif
	}
	else if (msec == 0)
	    break;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_CLIENTSERVER
    /* Something might have been received while we were waiting. */
    if (input_available())
	return TRUE;
#endif
    return FALSE;
}

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_MSWIN
/*
 * return non-zero if a character is available
 */
    int
mch_char_avail(void)
{
    return WaitForChar(0L);
}
#endif

/*
 * Create the console input.  Used when reading stdin doesn't work.
 */
    static void
create_conin(void)
{
    g_hConIn =	CreateFile("CONIN$", GENERIC_READ|GENERIC_WRITE,
			FILE_SHARE_READ|FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
			(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES) NULL,
			OPEN_EXISTING, 0, (HANDLE)NULL);
    did_create_conin = TRUE;
}

/*
 * Get a keystroke or a mouse event
 */
    static char_u
tgetch(int *pmodifiers, char_u *pch2)
{
    char_u ch;

    for (;;)
    {
	INPUT_RECORD ir;
	DWORD cRecords = 0;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIENTSERVER
	(void)WaitForChar(-1L);
	if (input_available())
	    return 0;
# ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	if (g_nMouseClick != -1)
	    return 0;
# endif
#endif
	if (ReadConsoleInput(g_hConIn, &ir, 1, &cRecords) == 0)
	{
	    if (did_create_conin)
		read_error_exit();
	    create_conin();
	    continue;
	}

	if (ir.EventType == KEY_EVENT)
	{
	    if (decode_key_event(&ir.Event.KeyEvent, &ch, pch2,
							    pmodifiers, TRUE))
		return ch;
	}
	else if (ir.EventType == FOCUS_EVENT)
	    handle_focus_event(ir);
	else if (ir.EventType == WINDOW_BUFFER_SIZE_EVENT)
	    shell_resized();
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	else if (ir.EventType == MOUSE_EVENT)
	{
	    if (decode_mouse_event(&ir.Event.MouseEvent))
		return 0;
	}
#endif
    }
}
#endif /* !FEAT_GUI_W32 */


/*
 * mch_inchar(): low-level input funcion.
 * Get one or more characters from the keyboard or the mouse.
 * If time == 0, do not wait for characters.
 * If time == n, wait a short time for characters.
 * If time == -1, wait forever for characters.
 * Returns the number of characters read into buf.
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
    int
mch_inchar(
    char_u	*buf,
    int		maxlen,
    long	time,
    int		tb_change_cnt)
{
#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32	    /* this isn't used for the GUI */

    int		len;
    int		c;
#define TYPEAHEADLEN 20
    static char_u   typeahead[TYPEAHEADLEN];	/* previously typed bytes. */
    static int	    typeaheadlen = 0;

    /* First use any typeahead that was kept because "buf" was too small. */
    if (typeaheadlen > 0)
	goto theend;

#ifdef FEAT_SNIFF
    if (want_sniff_request)
    {
	if (sniff_request_waiting)
	{
	    /* return K_SNIFF */
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = CSI;
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = (char_u)KS_EXTRA;
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = (char_u)KE_SNIFF;
	    sniff_request_waiting = 0;
	    want_sniff_request = 0;
	    goto theend;
	}
	else if (time < 0 || time > 250)
	{
	    /* don't wait too long, a request might be pending */
	    time = 250;
	}
    }
#endif

    if (time >= 0)
    {
	if (!WaitForChar(time))     /* no character available */
	    return 0;
    }
    else    /* time == -1, wait forever */
    {
	mch_set_winsize_now();	/* Allow winsize changes from now on */

	/*
	 * If there is no character available within 2 seconds (default)
	 * write the autoscript file to disk.  Or cause the CursorHold event
	 * to be triggered.
	 */
	if (!WaitForChar(p_ut))
	{
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    if (trigger_cursorhold() && maxlen >= 3)
	    {
		buf[0] = K_SPECIAL;
		buf[1] = KS_EXTRA;
		buf[2] = (int)KE_CURSORHOLD;
		return 3;
	    }
#endif
	    before_blocking();
	}
    }

    /*
     * Try to read as many characters as there are, until the buffer is full.
     */

    /* we will get at least one key. Get more if they are available. */
    g_fCBrkPressed = FALSE;

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
	fputc('[', fdDump);
#endif

    /* Keep looping until there is something in the typeahead buffer and more
     * to get and still room in the buffer (up to two bytes for a char and
     * three bytes for a modifier). */
    while ((typeaheadlen == 0 || WaitForChar(0L))
					  && typeaheadlen + 5 <= TYPEAHEADLEN)
    {
	if (typebuf_changed(tb_change_cnt))
	{
	    /* "buf" may be invalid now if a client put something in the
	     * typeahead buffer and "buf" is in the typeahead buffer. */
	    typeaheadlen = 0;
	    break;
	}
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	if (g_nMouseClick != -1)
	{
# ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
		fprintf(fdDump, "{%02x @ %d, %d}",
			g_nMouseClick, g_xMouse, g_yMouse);
# endif
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = ESC + 128;
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = 'M';
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = g_nMouseClick;
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = g_xMouse + '!';
	    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = g_yMouse + '!';
	    g_nMouseClick = -1;
	}
	else
#endif
	{
	    char_u	ch2 = NUL;
	    int		modifiers = 0;

	    c = tgetch(&modifiers, &ch2);

	    if (typebuf_changed(tb_change_cnt))
	    {
		/* "buf" may be invalid now if a client put something in the
		 * typeahead buffer and "buf" is in the typeahead buffer. */
		typeaheadlen = 0;
		break;
	    }

	    if (c == Ctrl_C && ctrl_c_interrupts)
	    {
#if defined(FEAT_CLIENTSERVER)
		trash_input_buf();
#endif
		got_int = TRUE;
	    }

#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	    if (g_nMouseClick == -1)
#endif
	    {
		int	n = 1;

		/* A key may have one or two bytes. */
		typeahead[typeaheadlen] = c;
		if (ch2 != NUL)
		{
		    typeahead[typeaheadlen + 1] = ch2;
		    ++n;
		}
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		/* Only convert normal characters, not special keys.  Need to
		 * convert before applying ALT, otherwise mapping <M-x> breaks
		 * when 'tenc' is set. */
		if (input_conv.vc_type != CONV_NONE
						&& (ch2 == NUL || c != K_NUL))
		    n = convert_input(typeahead + typeaheadlen, n,
						 TYPEAHEADLEN - typeaheadlen);
#endif

		/* Use the ALT key to set the 8th bit of the character
		 * when it's one byte, the 8th bit isn't set yet and not
		 * using a double-byte encoding (would become a lead
		 * byte). */
		if ((modifiers & MOD_MASK_ALT)
			&& n == 1
			&& (typeahead[typeaheadlen] & 0x80) == 0
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
			&& !enc_dbcs
#endif
		   )
		{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		    n = (*mb_char2bytes)(typeahead[typeaheadlen] | 0x80,
						    typeahead + typeaheadlen);
#else
		    typeahead[typeaheadlen] |= 0x80;
#endif
		    modifiers &= ~MOD_MASK_ALT;
		}

		if (modifiers != 0)
		{
		    /* Prepend modifiers to the character. */
		    mch_memmove(typeahead + typeaheadlen + 3,
						 typeahead + typeaheadlen, n);
		    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = K_SPECIAL;
		    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] = (char_u)KS_MODIFIER;
		    typeahead[typeaheadlen++] =  modifiers;
		}

		typeaheadlen += n;

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
		if (fdDump)
		    fputc(c, fdDump);
#endif
	    }
	}
    }

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
    {
	fputs("]\n", fdDump);
	fflush(fdDump);
    }
#endif

theend:
    /* Move typeahead to "buf", as much as fits. */
    len = 0;
    while (len < maxlen && typeaheadlen > 0)
    {
	buf[len++] = typeahead[0];
	mch_memmove(typeahead, typeahead + 1, --typeaheadlen);
    }
    return len;

#else /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */
    return 0;
#endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */
}

#ifndef __MINGW32__
# include <shellapi.h>	/* required for FindExecutable() */
#endif

/*
 * Return TRUE if "name" is in $PATH.
 * TODO: Should somehow check if it's really executable.
 */
    static int
executable_exists(char *name)
{
    char	*dum;
    char	fname[_MAX_PATH];

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	WCHAR	*p = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	WCHAR	fnamew[_MAX_PATH];
	WCHAR	*dumw;
	long	n;

	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    n = (long)SearchPathW(NULL, p, NULL, _MAX_PATH, fnamew, &dumw);
	    vim_free(p);
	    if (n > 0 || GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	    {
		if (n == 0)
		    return FALSE;
		if (GetFileAttributesW(fnamew) & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY)
		    return FALSE;
		return TRUE;
	    }
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	}
    }
#endif
    if (SearchPath(NULL, name, NULL, _MAX_PATH, fname, &dum) == 0)
	return FALSE;
    if (mch_isdir(fname))
	return FALSE;
    return TRUE;
}

#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32

/*
 * GUI version of mch_init().
 */
    void
mch_init(void)
{
#ifndef __MINGW32__
    extern int _fmode;
#endif

    /* Let critical errors result in a failure, not in a dialog box.  Required
     * for the timestamp test to work on removed floppies. */
    SetErrorMode(SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS);

    _fmode = O_BINARY;		/* we do our own CR-LF translation */

    /* Specify window size.  Is there a place to get the default from? */
    Rows = 25;
    Columns = 80;

    /* Look for 'vimrun' */
    if (!gui_is_win32s())
    {
	char_u vimrun_location[_MAX_PATH + 4];

	/* First try in same directory as gvim.exe */
	STRCPY(vimrun_location, exe_name);
	STRCPY(gettail(vimrun_location), "vimrun.exe");
	if (mch_getperm(vimrun_location) >= 0)
	{
	    if (*skiptowhite(vimrun_location) != NUL)
	    {
		/* Enclose path with white space in double quotes. */
		mch_memmove(vimrun_location + 1, vimrun_location,
						 STRLEN(vimrun_location) + 1);
		*vimrun_location = '"';
		STRCPY(gettail(vimrun_location), "vimrun\" ");
	    }
	    else
		STRCPY(gettail(vimrun_location), "vimrun ");

	    vimrun_path = (char *)vim_strsave(vimrun_location);
	    s_dont_use_vimrun = FALSE;
	}
	else if (executable_exists("vimrun.exe"))
	    s_dont_use_vimrun = FALSE;

	/* Don't give the warning for a missing vimrun.exe right now, but only
	 * when vimrun was supposed to be used.  Don't bother people that do
	 * not need vimrun.exe. */
	if (s_dont_use_vimrun)
	    need_vimrun_warning = TRUE;
    }

    /*
     * If "finstr.exe" doesn't exist, use "grep -n" for 'grepprg'.
     * Otherwise the default "findstr /n" is used.
     */
    if (!executable_exists("findstr.exe"))
	set_option_value((char_u *)"grepprg", 0, (char_u *)"grep -n", 0);

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    clip_init(TRUE);

    /*
     * Vim's own clipboard format recognises whether the text is char, line,
     * or rectangular block.  Only useful for copying between two Vims.
     * "VimClipboard" was used for previous versions, using the first
     * character to specify MCHAR, MLINE or MBLOCK.
     */
    clip_star.format = RegisterClipboardFormat("VimClipboard2");
    clip_star.format_raw = RegisterClipboardFormat("VimRawBytes");
#endif
}


#else /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */

#define SRWIDTH(sr) ((sr).Right - (sr).Left + 1)
#define SRHEIGHT(sr) ((sr).Bottom - (sr).Top + 1)

/*
 * ClearConsoleBuffer()
 * Description:
 *  Clears the entire contents of the console screen buffer, using the
 *  specified attribute.
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE on success
 */
    static BOOL
ClearConsoleBuffer(WORD wAttribute)
{
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;
    COORD coord;
    DWORD NumCells, dummy;

    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi))
	return FALSE;

    NumCells = csbi.dwSize.X * csbi.dwSize.Y;
    coord.X = 0;
    coord.Y = 0;
    if (!FillConsoleOutputCharacter(g_hConOut, ' ', NumCells,
	    coord, &dummy))
    {
	return FALSE;
    }
    if (!FillConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, wAttribute, NumCells,
	    coord, &dummy))
    {
	return FALSE;
    }

    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * FitConsoleWindow()
 * Description:
 *  Checks if the console window will fit within given buffer dimensions.
 *  Also, if requested, will shrink the window to fit.
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE on success
 */
    static BOOL
FitConsoleWindow(
    COORD dwBufferSize,
    BOOL WantAdjust)
{
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;
    COORD dwWindowSize;
    BOOL NeedAdjust = FALSE;

    if (GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi))
    {
	/*
	 * A buffer resize will fail if the current console window does
	 * not lie completely within that buffer.  To avoid this, we might
	 * have to move and possibly shrink the window.
	 */
	if (csbi.srWindow.Right >= dwBufferSize.X)
	{
	    dwWindowSize.X = SRWIDTH(csbi.srWindow);
	    if (dwWindowSize.X > dwBufferSize.X)
		dwWindowSize.X = dwBufferSize.X;
	    csbi.srWindow.Right = dwBufferSize.X - 1;
	    csbi.srWindow.Left = dwBufferSize.X - dwWindowSize.X;
	    NeedAdjust = TRUE;
	}
	if (csbi.srWindow.Bottom >= dwBufferSize.Y)
	{
	    dwWindowSize.Y = SRHEIGHT(csbi.srWindow);
	    if (dwWindowSize.Y > dwBufferSize.Y)
		dwWindowSize.Y = dwBufferSize.Y;
	    csbi.srWindow.Bottom = dwBufferSize.Y - 1;
	    csbi.srWindow.Top = dwBufferSize.Y - dwWindowSize.Y;
	    NeedAdjust = TRUE;
	}
	if (NeedAdjust && WantAdjust)
	{
	    if (!SetConsoleWindowInfo(g_hConOut, TRUE, &csbi.srWindow))
		return FALSE;
	}
	return TRUE;
    }

    return FALSE;
}

typedef struct ConsoleBufferStruct
{
    BOOL			IsValid;
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO	Info;
    PCHAR_INFO			Buffer;
    COORD			BufferSize;
} ConsoleBuffer;

/*
 * SaveConsoleBuffer()
 * Description:
 *  Saves important information about the console buffer, including the
 *  actual buffer contents.  The saved information is suitable for later
 *  restoration by RestoreConsoleBuffer().
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE if all information was saved; FALSE otherwise
 *  If FALSE, still sets cb->IsValid if buffer characteristics were saved.
 */
    static BOOL
SaveConsoleBuffer(
    ConsoleBuffer *cb)
{
    DWORD NumCells;
    COORD BufferCoord;
    SMALL_RECT ReadRegion;
    WORD Y, Y_incr;

    if (cb == NULL)
	return FALSE;

    if (!GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &cb->Info))
    {
	cb->IsValid = FALSE;
	return FALSE;
    }
    cb->IsValid = TRUE;

    /*
     * Allocate a buffer large enough to hold the entire console screen
     * buffer.  If this ConsoleBuffer structure has already been initialized
     * with a buffer of the correct size, then just use that one.
     */
    if (!cb->IsValid || cb->Buffer == NULL ||
	    cb->BufferSize.X != cb->Info.dwSize.X ||
	    cb->BufferSize.Y != cb->Info.dwSize.Y)
    {
	cb->BufferSize.X = cb->Info.dwSize.X;
	cb->BufferSize.Y = cb->Info.dwSize.Y;
	NumCells = cb->BufferSize.X * cb->BufferSize.Y;
	if (cb->Buffer != NULL)
	    vim_free(cb->Buffer);
	cb->Buffer = (PCHAR_INFO)alloc(NumCells * sizeof(CHAR_INFO));
	if (cb->Buffer == NULL)
	    return FALSE;
    }

    /*
     * We will now copy the console screen buffer into our buffer.
     * ReadConsoleOutput() seems to be limited as far as how much you
     * can read at a time.  Empirically, this number seems to be about
     * 12000 cells (rows * columns).  Start at position (0, 0) and copy
     * in chunks until it is all copied.  The chunks will all have the
     * same horizontal characteristics, so initialize them now.  The
     * height of each chunk will be (12000 / width).
     */
    BufferCoord.X = 0;
    ReadRegion.Left = 0;
    ReadRegion.Right = cb->Info.dwSize.X - 1;
    Y_incr = 12000 / cb->Info.dwSize.X;
    for (Y = 0; Y < cb->BufferSize.Y; Y += Y_incr)
    {
	/*
	 * Read into position (0, Y) in our buffer.
	 */
	BufferCoord.Y = Y;
	/*
	 * Read the region whose top left corner is (0, Y) and whose bottom
	 * right corner is (width - 1, Y + Y_incr - 1).  This should define
	 * a region of size width by Y_incr.  Don't worry if this region is
	 * too large for the remaining buffer; it will be cropped.
	 */
	ReadRegion.Top = Y;
	ReadRegion.Bottom = Y + Y_incr - 1;
	if (!ReadConsoleOutput(g_hConOut,	/* output handle */
		cb->Buffer,			/* our buffer */
		cb->BufferSize,			/* dimensions of our buffer */
		BufferCoord,			/* offset in our buffer */
		&ReadRegion))			/* region to save */
	{
	    vim_free(cb->Buffer);
	    cb->Buffer = NULL;
	    return FALSE;
	}
    }

    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * RestoreConsoleBuffer()
 * Description:
 *  Restores important information about the console buffer, including the
 *  actual buffer contents, if desired.  The information to restore is in
 *  the same format used by SaveConsoleBuffer().
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE on success
 */
    static BOOL
RestoreConsoleBuffer(
    ConsoleBuffer   *cb,
    BOOL	    RestoreScreen)
{
    COORD BufferCoord;
    SMALL_RECT WriteRegion;

    if (cb == NULL || !cb->IsValid)
	return FALSE;

    /*
     * Before restoring the buffer contents, clear the current buffer, and
     * restore the cursor position and window information.  Doing this now
     * prevents old buffer contents from "flashing" onto the screen.
     */
    if (RestoreScreen)
	ClearConsoleBuffer(cb->Info.wAttributes);

    FitConsoleWindow(cb->Info.dwSize, TRUE);
    if (!SetConsoleScreenBufferSize(g_hConOut, cb->Info.dwSize))
	return FALSE;
    if (!SetConsoleTextAttribute(g_hConOut, cb->Info.wAttributes))
	return FALSE;

    if (!RestoreScreen)
    {
	/*
	 * No need to restore the screen buffer contents, so we're done.
	 */
	return TRUE;
    }

    if (!SetConsoleCursorPosition(g_hConOut, cb->Info.dwCursorPosition))
	return FALSE;
    if (!SetConsoleWindowInfo(g_hConOut, TRUE, &cb->Info.srWindow))
	return FALSE;

    /*
     * Restore the screen buffer contents.
     */
    if (cb->Buffer != NULL)
    {
	BufferCoord.X = 0;
	BufferCoord.Y = 0;
	WriteRegion.Left = 0;
	WriteRegion.Top = 0;
	WriteRegion.Right = cb->Info.dwSize.X - 1;
	WriteRegion.Bottom = cb->Info.dwSize.Y - 1;
	if (!WriteConsoleOutput(g_hConOut,	/* output handle */
		cb->Buffer,			/* our buffer */
		cb->BufferSize,			/* dimensions of our buffer */
		BufferCoord,			/* offset in our buffer */
		&WriteRegion))			/* region to restore */
	{
	    return FALSE;
	}
    }

    return TRUE;
}

#define FEAT_RESTORE_ORIG_SCREEN
#ifdef FEAT_RESTORE_ORIG_SCREEN
static ConsoleBuffer g_cbOrig = { 0 };
#endif
static ConsoleBuffer g_cbNonTermcap = { 0 };
static ConsoleBuffer g_cbTermcap = { 0 };

#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
#ifdef __BORLANDC__
typedef HWND (__stdcall *GETCONSOLEWINDOWPROC)(VOID);
#else
typedef WINBASEAPI HWND (WINAPI *GETCONSOLEWINDOWPROC)(VOID);
#endif
char g_szOrigTitle[256] = { 0 };
HWND g_hWnd = NULL;	/* also used in os_mswin.c */
static HICON g_hOrigIconSmall = NULL;
static HICON g_hOrigIcon = NULL;
static HICON g_hVimIcon = NULL;
static BOOL g_fCanChangeIcon = FALSE;

/* ICON* are not defined in VC++ 4.0 */
#ifndef ICON_SMALL
#define ICON_SMALL 0
#endif
#ifndef ICON_BIG
#define ICON_BIG 1
#endif
/*
 * GetConsoleIcon()
 * Description:
 *  Attempts to retrieve the small icon and/or the big icon currently in
 *  use by a given window.
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE on success
 */
    static BOOL
GetConsoleIcon(
    HWND	hWnd,
    HICON	*phIconSmall,
    HICON	*phIcon)
{
    if (hWnd == NULL)
	return FALSE;

    if (phIconSmall != NULL)
	*phIconSmall = (HICON)SendMessage(hWnd, WM_GETICON,
					       (WPARAM)ICON_SMALL, (LPARAM)0);
    if (phIcon != NULL)
	*phIcon = (HICON)SendMessage(hWnd, WM_GETICON,
						 (WPARAM)ICON_BIG, (LPARAM)0);
    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * SetConsoleIcon()
 * Description:
 *  Attempts to change the small icon and/or the big icon currently in
 *  use by a given window.
 * Returns:
 *  TRUE on success
 */
    static BOOL
SetConsoleIcon(
    HWND    hWnd,
    HICON   hIconSmall,
    HICON   hIcon)
{
    HICON   hPrevIconSmall;
    HICON   hPrevIcon;

    if (hWnd == NULL)
	return FALSE;

    if (hIconSmall != NULL)
	hPrevIconSmall = (HICON)SendMessage(hWnd, WM_SETICON,
				      (WPARAM)ICON_SMALL, (LPARAM)hIconSmall);
    if (hIcon != NULL)
	hPrevIcon = (HICON)SendMessage(hWnd, WM_SETICON,
					     (WPARAM)ICON_BIG,(LPARAM) hIcon);
    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * SaveConsoleTitleAndIcon()
 * Description:
 *  Saves the current console window title in g_szOrigTitle, for later
 *  restoration.  Also, attempts to obtain a handle to the console window,
 *  and use it to save the small and big icons currently in use by the
 *  console window.  This is not always possible on some versions of Windows;
 *  nor is it possible when running Vim remotely using Telnet (since the
 *  console window the user sees is owned by a remote process).
 */
    static void
SaveConsoleTitleAndIcon(void)
{
    GETCONSOLEWINDOWPROC GetConsoleWindowProc;

    /* Save the original title. */
    if (!GetConsoleTitle(g_szOrigTitle, sizeof(g_szOrigTitle)))
	return;

    /*
     * Obtain a handle to the console window using GetConsoleWindow() from
     * KERNEL32.DLL; we need to handle in order to change the window icon.
     * This function only exists on NT-based Windows, starting with Windows
     * 2000.  On older operating systems, we can't change the window icon
     * anyway.
     */
    if ((GetConsoleWindowProc = (GETCONSOLEWINDOWPROC)
	    GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandle("KERNEL32.DLL"),
		    "GetConsoleWindow")) != NULL)
    {
	g_hWnd = (*GetConsoleWindowProc)();
    }
    if (g_hWnd == NULL)
	return;

    /* Save the original console window icon. */
    GetConsoleIcon(g_hWnd, &g_hOrigIconSmall, &g_hOrigIcon);
    if (g_hOrigIconSmall == NULL || g_hOrigIcon == NULL)
	return;

    /* Extract the first icon contained in the Vim executable. */
    g_hVimIcon = ExtractIcon(NULL, exe_name, 0);
    if (g_hVimIcon != NULL)
	g_fCanChangeIcon = TRUE;
}
#endif

static int g_fWindInitCalled = FALSE;
static int g_fTermcapMode = FALSE;
static CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO g_cci;
static DWORD g_cmodein = 0;
static DWORD g_cmodeout = 0;

/*
 * non-GUI version of mch_init().
 */
    void
mch_init(void)
{
#ifndef FEAT_RESTORE_ORIG_SCREEN
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;
#endif
#ifndef __MINGW32__
    extern int _fmode;
#endif

    /* Let critical errors result in a failure, not in a dialog box.  Required
     * for the timestamp test to work on removed floppies. */
    SetErrorMode(SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS);

    _fmode = O_BINARY;		/* we do our own CR-LF translation */
    out_flush();

    /* Obtain handles for the standard Console I/O devices */
    if (read_cmd_fd == 0)
	g_hConIn =  GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE);
    else
	create_conin();
    g_hConOut = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);

#ifdef FEAT_RESTORE_ORIG_SCREEN
    /* Save the initial console buffer for later restoration */
    SaveConsoleBuffer(&g_cbOrig);
    g_attrCurrent = g_attrDefault = g_cbOrig.Info.wAttributes;
#else
    /* Get current text attributes */
    GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi);
    g_attrCurrent = g_attrDefault = csbi.wAttributes;
#endif
    if (cterm_normal_fg_color == 0)
	cterm_normal_fg_color = (g_attrCurrent & 0xf) + 1;
    if (cterm_normal_bg_color == 0)
	cterm_normal_bg_color = ((g_attrCurrent >> 4) & 0xf) + 1;

    /* set termcap codes to current text attributes */
    update_tcap(g_attrCurrent);

    GetConsoleCursorInfo(g_hConOut, &g_cci);
    GetConsoleMode(g_hConIn,  &g_cmodein);
    GetConsoleMode(g_hConOut, &g_cmodeout);

#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    SaveConsoleTitleAndIcon();
    /*
     * Set both the small and big icons of the console window to Vim's icon.
     * Note that Vim presently only has one size of icon (32x32), but it
     * automatically gets scaled down to 16x16 when setting the small icon.
     */
    if (g_fCanChangeIcon)
	SetConsoleIcon(g_hWnd, g_hVimIcon, g_hVimIcon);
#endif

    ui_get_shellsize();

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    fdDump = fopen("dump", "wt");

    if (fdDump)
    {
	time_t t;

	time(&t);
	fputs(ctime(&t), fdDump);
	fflush(fdDump);
    }
#endif

    g_fWindInitCalled = TRUE;

#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
    g_fMouseAvail = GetSystemMetrics(SM_MOUSEPRESENT);
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    clip_init(TRUE);

    /*
     * Vim's own clipboard format recognises whether the text is char, line, or
     * rectangular block.  Only useful for copying between two Vims.
     * "VimClipboard" was used for previous versions, using the first
     * character to specify MCHAR, MLINE or MBLOCK.
     */
    clip_star.format = RegisterClipboardFormat("VimClipboard2");
    clip_star.format_raw = RegisterClipboardFormat("VimRawBytes");
#endif

    /* This will be NULL on anything but NT 4.0 */
    s_pfnGetConsoleKeyboardLayoutName =
	(PFNGCKLN) GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandle("kernel32.dll"),
				  "GetConsoleKeyboardLayoutNameA");
}

/*
 * non-GUI version of mch_exit().
 * Shut down and exit with status `r'
 * Careful: mch_exit() may be called before mch_init()!
 */
    void
mch_exit(int r)
{
    stoptermcap();

    if (g_fWindInitCalled)
	settmode(TMODE_COOK);

    ml_close_all(TRUE);		/* remove all memfiles */

    if (g_fWindInitCalled)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
	mch_restore_title(3);
	/*
	 * Restore both the small and big icons of the console window to
	 * what they were at startup.  Don't do this when the window is
	 * closed, Vim would hang here.
	 */
	if (g_fCanChangeIcon && !g_fForceExit)
	    SetConsoleIcon(g_hWnd, g_hOrigIconSmall, g_hOrigIcon);
#endif

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	if (fdDump)
	{
	    time_t t;

	    time(&t);
	    fputs(ctime(&t), fdDump);
	    fclose(fdDump);
	}
	fdDump = NULL;
#endif
    }

    SetConsoleCursorInfo(g_hConOut, &g_cci);
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConIn,  g_cmodein);
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConOut, g_cmodeout);

#ifdef DYNAMIC_GETTEXT
    dyn_libintl_end();
#endif

    exit(r);
}
#endif /* !FEAT_GUI_W32 */

/*
 * Do we have an interactive window?
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
    int
mch_check_win(
    int argc,
    char **argv)
{
    get_exe_name();

#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
    return OK;	    /* GUI always has a tty */
#else
    if (isatty(1))
	return OK;
    return FAIL;
#endif
}


/*
 * fname_case(): Set the case of the file name, if it already exists.
 * When "len" is > 0, also expand short to long filenames.
 */
    void
fname_case(
    char_u	*name,
    int		len)
{
    char		szTrueName[_MAX_PATH + 2];
    char		*ptrue, *ptruePrev;
    char		*porig, *porigPrev;
    int			flen;
    WIN32_FIND_DATA	fb;
    HANDLE		hFind;
    int			c;

    flen = (int)STRLEN(name);
    if (flen == 0 || flen > _MAX_PATH)
	return;

    slash_adjust(name);

    /* Build the new name in szTrueName[] one component at a time. */
    porig = name;
    ptrue = szTrueName;

    if (isalpha(porig[0]) && porig[1] == ':')
    {
	/* copy leading drive letter */
	*ptrue++ = *porig++;
	*ptrue++ = *porig++;
	*ptrue = NUL;	    /* in case nothing follows */
    }

    while (*porig != NUL)
    {
	/* copy \ characters */
	while (*porig == psepc)
	    *ptrue++ = *porig++;

	ptruePrev = ptrue;
	porigPrev = porig;
	while (*porig != NUL && *porig != psepc)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    int l;

	    if (enc_dbcs)
	    {
		l = (*mb_ptr2len)(porig);
		while (--l >= 0)
		    *ptrue++ = *porig++;
	    }
	    else
#endif
		*ptrue++ = *porig++;
	}
	*ptrue = NUL;

	/* Skip "", "." and "..". */
	if (ptrue > ptruePrev
		&& (ptruePrev[0] != '.'
		    || (ptruePrev[1] != NUL
			&& (ptruePrev[1] != '.' || ptruePrev[2] != NUL)))
		&& (hFind = FindFirstFile(szTrueName, &fb))
						      != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{
	    c = *porig;
	    *porig = NUL;

	    /* Only use the match when it's the same name (ignoring case) or
	     * expansion is allowed and there is a match with the short name
	     * and there is enough room. */
	    if (_stricoll(porigPrev, fb.cFileName) == 0
		    || (len > 0
			&& (_stricoll(porigPrev, fb.cAlternateFileName) == 0
			    && (int)(ptruePrev - szTrueName)
					   + (int)strlen(fb.cFileName) < len)))
	    {
		STRCPY(ptruePrev, fb.cFileName);

		/* Look for exact match and prefer it if found.  Must be a
		 * long name, otherwise there would be only one match. */
		while (FindNextFile(hFind, &fb))
		{
		    if (*fb.cAlternateFileName != NUL
			    && (strcoll(porigPrev, fb.cFileName) == 0
				|| (len > 0
				    && (_stricoll(porigPrev,
						   fb.cAlternateFileName) == 0
				    && (int)(ptruePrev - szTrueName)
					 + (int)strlen(fb.cFileName) < len))))
		    {
			STRCPY(ptruePrev, fb.cFileName);
			break;
		    }
		}
	    }
	    FindClose(hFind);
	    *porig = c;
	    ptrue = ptruePrev + strlen(ptruePrev);
	}
    }

    STRCPY(name, szTrueName);
}


/*
 * Insert user name in s[len].
 */
    int
mch_get_user_name(
    char_u  *s,
    int	    len)
{
    char szUserName[256 + 1];	/* UNLEN is 256 */
    DWORD cch = sizeof szUserName;

    if (GetUserName(szUserName, &cch))
    {
	vim_strncpy(s, szUserName, len - 1);
	return OK;
    }
    s[0] = NUL;
    return FAIL;
}


/*
 * Insert host name in s[len].
 */
    void
mch_get_host_name(
    char_u	*s,
    int		len)
{
    DWORD cch = len;

    if (!GetComputerName(s, &cch))
	vim_strncpy(s, "PC (Win32 Vim)", len - 1);
}


/*
 * return process ID
 */
    long
mch_get_pid(void)
{
    return (long)GetCurrentProcessId();
}


/*
 * Get name of current directory into buffer 'buf' of length 'len' bytes.
 * Return OK for success, FAIL for failure.
 */
    int
mch_dirname(
    char_u	*buf,
    int		len)
{
    /*
     * Originally this was:
     *    return (getcwd(buf, len) != NULL ? OK : FAIL);
     * But the Win32s known bug list says that getcwd() doesn't work
     * so use the Win32 system call instead. <Negri>
     */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	WCHAR	wbuf[_MAX_PATH + 1];

	if (GetCurrentDirectoryW(_MAX_PATH, wbuf) != 0)
	{
	    char_u  *p = utf16_to_enc(wbuf, NULL);

	    if (p != NULL)
	    {
		vim_strncpy(buf, p, len - 1);
		vim_free(p);
		return OK;
	    }
	}
	/* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
    }
#endif
    return (GetCurrentDirectory(len, buf) != 0 ? OK : FAIL);
}

/*
 * get file permissions for `name'
 * -1 : error
 * else FILE_ATTRIBUTE_* defined in winnt.h
 */
    long
mch_getperm(char_u *name)
{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	WCHAR	*p = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	long	n;

	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    n = (long)GetFileAttributesW(p);
	    vim_free(p);
	    if (n >= 0 || GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
		return n;
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	}
    }
#endif
    return (long)GetFileAttributes((char *)name);
}


/*
 * set file permission for `name' to `perm'
 */
    int
mch_setperm(
    char_u  *name,
    long    perm)
{
    perm |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE;	/* file has changed, set archive bit */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	WCHAR	*p = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	long	n;

	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    n = (long)SetFileAttributesW(p, perm);
	    vim_free(p);
	    if (n || GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
		return n ? OK : FAIL;
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	}
    }
#endif
    return SetFileAttributes((char *)name, perm) ? OK : FAIL;
}

/*
 * Set hidden flag for "name".
 */
    void
mch_hide(char_u *name)
{
    int		perm;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    WCHAR	*p = NULL;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
	p = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (p != NULL)
    {
	perm = GetFileAttributesW(p);
	if (perm < 0 && GetLastError() == ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	{
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	    vim_free(p);
	    p = NULL;
	}
    }
    if (p == NULL)
#endif
	perm = GetFileAttributes((char *)name);
    if (perm >= 0)
    {
	perm |= FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    if (SetFileAttributesW(p, perm) == 0
		    && GetLastError() == ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	    {
		/* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
		vim_free(p);
		p = NULL;
	    }
	}
	if (p == NULL)
#endif
	    SetFileAttributes((char *)name, perm);
    }
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    vim_free(p);
#endif
}

/*
 * return TRUE if "name" is a directory
 * return FALSE if "name" is not a directory or upon error
 */
    int
mch_isdir(char_u *name)
{
    int f = mch_getperm(name);

    if (f == -1)
	return FALSE;		    /* file does not exist at all */

    return (f & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) != 0;
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if file "fname" has more than one link.
 */
    int
mch_is_linked(char_u *fname)
{
    HANDLE	hFile;
    int		res = 0;
    BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION inf;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    WCHAR	*wn = NULL;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
	wn = enc_to_utf16(fname, NULL);
    if (wn != NULL)
    {
	hFile = CreateFileW(wn,		/* file name */
		    GENERIC_READ,	/* access mode */
		    0,			/* share mode */
		    NULL,		/* security descriptor */
		    OPEN_EXISTING,	/* creation disposition */
		    0,			/* file attributes */
		    NULL);		/* handle to template file */
	if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE
		&& GetLastError() == ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	{
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	    vim_free(wn);
	    wn = NULL;
	}
    }
    if (wn == NULL)
#endif
	hFile = CreateFile(fname,	/* file name */
		    GENERIC_READ,	/* access mode */
		    0,			/* share mode */
		    NULL,		/* security descriptor */
		    OPEN_EXISTING,	/* creation disposition */
		    0,			/* file attributes */
		    NULL);		/* handle to template file */

    if (hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
	if (GetFileInformationByHandle(hFile, &inf) != 0
		&& inf.nNumberOfLinks > 1)
	    res = 1;
	CloseHandle(hFile);
    }

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    vim_free(wn);
#endif
    return res;
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if file or directory "name" is writable (not readonly).
 * Strange semantics of Win32: a readonly directory is writable, but you can't
 * delete a file.  Let's say this means it is writable.
 */
    int
mch_writable(char_u *name)
{
    int perm = mch_getperm(name);

    return (perm != -1 && (!(perm & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)
				       || (perm & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY)));
}

/*
 * Return 1 if "name" can be executed, 0 if not.
 * Return -1 if unknown.
 */
    int
mch_can_exe(char_u *name)
{
    char_u	buf[_MAX_PATH];
    int		len = (int)STRLEN(name);
    char_u	*p;

    if (len >= _MAX_PATH)	/* safety check */
	return FALSE;

    /* If there already is an extension try using the name directly.  Also do
     * this with a Unix-shell like 'shell'. */
    if (vim_strchr(gettail(name), '.') != NULL
			       || strstr((char *)gettail(p_sh), "sh") != NULL)
	if (executable_exists((char *)name))
	    return TRUE;

    /*
     * Loop over all extensions in $PATHEXT.
     */
    vim_strncpy(buf, name, _MAX_PATH - 1);
    p = mch_getenv("PATHEXT");
    if (p == NULL)
	p = (char_u *)".com;.exe;.bat;.cmd";
    while (*p)
    {
	if (p[0] == '.' && (p[1] == NUL || p[1] == ';'))
	{
	    /* A single "." means no extension is added. */
	    buf[len] = NUL;
	    ++p;
	    if (*p)
		++p;
	}
	else
	    copy_option_part(&p, buf + len, _MAX_PATH - len, ";");
	if (executable_exists((char *)buf))
	    return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Check what "name" is:
 * NODE_NORMAL: file or directory (or doesn't exist)
 * NODE_WRITABLE: writable device, socket, fifo, etc.
 * NODE_OTHER: non-writable things
 */
    int
mch_nodetype(char_u *name)
{
    HANDLE	hFile;
    int		type;

    /* We can't open a file with a name "\\.\con" or "\\.\prn" and trying to
     * read from it later will cause Vim to hang.  Thus return NODE_WRITABLE
     * here. */
    if (STRNCMP(name, "\\\\.\\", 4) == 0)
	return NODE_WRITABLE;

    hFile = CreateFile(name,		/* file name */
		GENERIC_WRITE,		/* access mode */
		0,			/* share mode */
		NULL,			/* security descriptor */
		OPEN_EXISTING,		/* creation disposition */
		0,			/* file attributes */
		NULL);			/* handle to template file */

    if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	return NODE_NORMAL;

    type = GetFileType(hFile);
    CloseHandle(hFile);
    if (type == FILE_TYPE_CHAR)
	return NODE_WRITABLE;
    if (type == FILE_TYPE_DISK)
	return NODE_NORMAL;
    return NODE_OTHER;
}

#ifdef HAVE_ACL
struct my_acl
{
    PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR    pSecurityDescriptor;
    PSID		    pSidOwner;
    PSID		    pSidGroup;
    PACL		    pDacl;
    PACL		    pSacl;
};
#endif

/*
 * Return a pointer to the ACL of file "fname" in allocated memory.
 * Return NULL if the ACL is not available for whatever reason.
 */
    vim_acl_T
mch_get_acl(char_u *fname)
{
#ifndef HAVE_ACL
    return (vim_acl_T)NULL;
#else
    struct my_acl   *p = NULL;

    /* This only works on Windows NT and 2000. */
    if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT && advapi_lib != NULL)
    {
	p = (struct my_acl *)alloc_clear((unsigned)sizeof(struct my_acl));
	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    if (pGetNamedSecurityInfo(
			(LPTSTR)fname,		// Abstract filename
			SE_FILE_OBJECT,		// File Object
			// Retrieve the entire security descriptor.
			OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			GROUP_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			SACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION,
			&p->pSidOwner,		// Ownership information.
			&p->pSidGroup,		// Group membership.
			&p->pDacl,		// Discretionary information.
			&p->pSacl,		// For auditing purposes.
			&p->pSecurityDescriptor
				    ) != ERROR_SUCCESS)
	    {
		mch_free_acl((vim_acl_T)p);
		p = NULL;
	    }
	}
    }

    return (vim_acl_T)p;
#endif
}

/*
 * Set the ACL of file "fname" to "acl" (unless it's NULL).
 * Errors are ignored.
 * This must only be called with "acl" equal to what mch_get_acl() returned.
 */
    void
mch_set_acl(char_u *fname, vim_acl_T acl)
{
#ifdef HAVE_ACL
    struct my_acl   *p = (struct my_acl *)acl;

    if (p != NULL && advapi_lib != NULL)
	(void)pSetNamedSecurityInfo(
		    (LPTSTR)fname,		// Abstract filename
		    SE_FILE_OBJECT,		// File Object
		    // Retrieve the entire security descriptor.
		    OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			GROUP_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION |
			SACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION,
		    p->pSidOwner,		// Ownership information.
		    p->pSidGroup,		// Group membership.
		    p->pDacl,			// Discretionary information.
		    p->pSacl			// For auditing purposes.
		    );
#endif
}

    void
mch_free_acl(vim_acl_T acl)
{
#ifdef HAVE_ACL
    struct my_acl   *p = (struct my_acl *)acl;

    if (p != NULL)
    {
	LocalFree(p->pSecurityDescriptor);	// Free the memory just in case
	vim_free(p);
    }
#endif
}

#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32

/*
 * handler for ctrl-break, ctrl-c interrupts, and fatal events.
 */
    static BOOL WINAPI
handler_routine(
    DWORD dwCtrlType)
{
    switch (dwCtrlType)
    {
    case CTRL_C_EVENT:
	if (ctrl_c_interrupts)
	    g_fCtrlCPressed = TRUE;
	return TRUE;

    case CTRL_BREAK_EVENT:
	g_fCBrkPressed	= TRUE;
	return TRUE;

    /* fatal events: shut down gracefully */
    case CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT:
    case CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT:
    case CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT:
	windgoto((int)Rows - 1, 0);
	g_fForceExit = TRUE;

	vim_snprintf((char *)IObuff, IOSIZE, _("Vim: Caught %s event\n"),
		(dwCtrlType == CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT
		     ? _("close")
		     : dwCtrlType == CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT
			 ? _("logoff")
			 : _("shutdown")));
#ifdef DEBUG
	OutputDebugString(IObuff);
#endif

	preserve_exit();	/* output IObuff, preserve files and exit */

	return TRUE;		/* not reached */

    default:
	return FALSE;
    }
}


/*
 * set the tty in (raw) ? "raw" : "cooked" mode
 */
    void
mch_settmode(int tmode)
{
    DWORD cmodein;
    DWORD cmodeout;
    BOOL bEnableHandler;

    GetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, &cmodein);
    GetConsoleMode(g_hConOut, &cmodeout);
    if (tmode == TMODE_RAW)
    {
	cmodein &= ~(ENABLE_LINE_INPUT | ENABLE_PROCESSED_INPUT |
		     ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT);
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
	if (g_fMouseActive)
	    cmodein |= ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT;
#endif
	cmodeout &= ~(ENABLE_PROCESSED_OUTPUT | ENABLE_WRAP_AT_EOL_OUTPUT);
	bEnableHandler = TRUE;
    }
    else /* cooked */
    {
	cmodein |= (ENABLE_LINE_INPUT | ENABLE_PROCESSED_INPUT |
		    ENABLE_ECHO_INPUT);
	cmodeout |= (ENABLE_PROCESSED_OUTPUT | ENABLE_WRAP_AT_EOL_OUTPUT);
	bEnableHandler = FALSE;
    }
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, cmodein);
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConOut, cmodeout);
    SetConsoleCtrlHandler(handler_routine, bEnableHandler);

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
    {
	fprintf(fdDump, "mch_settmode(%s, in = %x, out = %x)\n",
		tmode == TMODE_RAW ? "raw" :
				    tmode == TMODE_COOK ? "cooked" : "normal",
		cmodein, cmodeout);
	fflush(fdDump);
    }
#endif
}


/*
 * Get the size of the current window in `Rows' and `Columns'
 * Return OK when size could be determined, FAIL otherwise.
 */
    int
mch_get_shellsize(void)
{
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;

    if (!g_fTermcapMode && g_cbTermcap.IsValid)
    {
	/*
	 * For some reason, we are trying to get the screen dimensions
	 * even though we are not in termcap mode.  The 'Rows' and 'Columns'
	 * variables are really intended to mean the size of Vim screen
	 * while in termcap mode.
	 */
	Rows = g_cbTermcap.Info.dwSize.Y;
	Columns = g_cbTermcap.Info.dwSize.X;
    }
    else if (GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi))
    {
	Rows = csbi.srWindow.Bottom - csbi.srWindow.Top + 1;
	Columns = csbi.srWindow.Right - csbi.srWindow.Left + 1;
    }
    else
    {
	Rows = 25;
	Columns = 80;
    }
    return OK;
}

/*
 * Set a console window to `xSize' * `ySize'
 */
    static void
ResizeConBufAndWindow(
    HANDLE  hConsole,
    int	    xSize,
    int	    ySize)
{
    CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbi;	/* hold current console buffer info */
    SMALL_RECT	    srWindowRect;	/* hold the new console size */
    COORD	    coordScreen;

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
    {
	fprintf(fdDump, "ResizeConBufAndWindow(%d, %d)\n", xSize, ySize);
	fflush(fdDump);
    }
#endif

    /* get the largest size we can size the console window to */
    coordScreen = GetLargestConsoleWindowSize(hConsole);

    /* define the new console window size and scroll position */
    srWindowRect.Left = srWindowRect.Top = (SHORT) 0;
    srWindowRect.Right =  (SHORT) (min(xSize, coordScreen.X) - 1);
    srWindowRect.Bottom = (SHORT) (min(ySize, coordScreen.Y) - 1);

    if (GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(g_hConOut, &csbi))
    {
	int sx, sy;

	sx = csbi.srWindow.Right - csbi.srWindow.Left + 1;
	sy = csbi.srWindow.Bottom - csbi.srWindow.Top + 1;
	if (sy < ySize || sx < xSize)
	{
	    /*
	     * Increasing number of lines/columns, do buffer first.
	     * Use the maximal size in x and y direction.
	     */
	    if (sy < ySize)
		coordScreen.Y = ySize;
	    else
		coordScreen.Y = sy;
	    if (sx < xSize)
		coordScreen.X = xSize;
	    else
		coordScreen.X = sx;
	    SetConsoleScreenBufferSize(hConsole, coordScreen);
	}
    }

    if (!SetConsoleWindowInfo(g_hConOut, TRUE, &srWindowRect))
    {
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	if (fdDump)
	{
	    fprintf(fdDump, "SetConsoleWindowInfo failed: %lx\n",
		    GetLastError());
	    fflush(fdDump);
	}
#endif
    }

    /* define the new console buffer size */
    coordScreen.X = xSize;
    coordScreen.Y = ySize;

    if (!SetConsoleScreenBufferSize(hConsole, coordScreen))
    {
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	if (fdDump)
	{
	    fprintf(fdDump, "SetConsoleScreenBufferSize failed: %lx\n",
		    GetLastError());
	    fflush(fdDump);
	}
#endif
    }
}


/*
 * Set the console window to `Rows' * `Columns'
 */
    void
mch_set_shellsize(void)
{
    COORD coordScreen;

    /* Don't change window size while still starting up */
    if (suppress_winsize != 0)
    {
	suppress_winsize = 2;
	return;
    }

    if (term_console)
    {
	coordScreen = GetLargestConsoleWindowSize(g_hConOut);

	/* Clamp Rows and Columns to reasonable values */
	if (Rows > coordScreen.Y)
	    Rows = coordScreen.Y;
	if (Columns > coordScreen.X)
	    Columns = coordScreen.X;

	ResizeConBufAndWindow(g_hConOut, Columns, Rows);
    }
}

/*
 * Rows and/or Columns has changed.
 */
    void
mch_new_shellsize(void)
{
    set_scroll_region(0, 0, Columns - 1, Rows - 1);
}


/*
 * Called when started up, to set the winsize that was delayed.
 */
    void
mch_set_winsize_now(void)
{
    if (suppress_winsize == 2)
    {
	suppress_winsize = 0;
	mch_set_shellsize();
	shell_resized();
    }
    suppress_winsize = 0;
}
#endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */



#if defined(FEAT_GUI_W32) || defined(PROTO)

/*
 * Specialised version of system() for Win32 GUI mode.
 * This version proceeds as follows:
 *    1. Create a console window for use by the subprocess
 *    2. Run the subprocess (it gets the allocated console by default)
 *    3. Wait for the subprocess to terminate and get its exit code
 *    4. Prompt the user to press a key to close the console window
 */
    static int
mch_system(char *cmd, int options)
{
    STARTUPINFO		si;
    PROCESS_INFORMATION pi;
    DWORD		ret = 0;
    HWND		hwnd = GetFocus();

    si.cb = sizeof(si);
    si.lpReserved = NULL;
    si.lpDesktop = NULL;
    si.lpTitle = NULL;
    si.dwFlags = STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW;
    /*
     * It's nicer to run a filter command in a minimized window, but in
     * Windows 95 this makes the command MUCH slower.  We can't do it under
     * Win32s either as it stops the synchronous spawn workaround working.
     */
    if ((options & SHELL_DOOUT) && !mch_windows95() && !gui_is_win32s())
	si.wShowWindow = SW_SHOWMINIMIZED;
    else
	si.wShowWindow = SW_SHOWNORMAL;
    si.cbReserved2 = 0;
    si.lpReserved2 = NULL;

    /* There is a strange error on Windows 95 when using "c:\\command.com".
     * When the "c:\\" is left out it works OK...? */
    if (mch_windows95()
	    && (STRNICMP(cmd, "c:/command.com", 14) == 0
		|| STRNICMP(cmd, "c:\\command.com", 14) == 0))
	cmd += 3;

    /* Now, run the command */
    CreateProcess(NULL,			/* Executable name */
		  cmd,			/* Command to execute */
		  NULL,			/* Process security attributes */
		  NULL,			/* Thread security attributes */
		  FALSE,		/* Inherit handles */
		  CREATE_DEFAULT_ERROR_MODE |	/* Creation flags */
			CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE,
		  NULL,			/* Environment */
		  NULL,			/* Current directory */
		  &si,			/* Startup information */
		  &pi);			/* Process information */


    /* Wait for the command to terminate before continuing */
    if (g_PlatformId != VER_PLATFORM_WIN32s)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_GUI
	int	    delay = 1;

	/* Keep updating the window while waiting for the shell to finish. */
	for (;;)
	{
	    MSG	msg;

	    if (PeekMessage(&msg, (HWND)NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE))
	    {
		TranslateMessage(&msg);
		DispatchMessage(&msg);
	    }
	    if (WaitForSingleObject(pi.hProcess, delay) != WAIT_TIMEOUT)
		break;

	    /* We start waiting for a very short time and then increase it, so
	     * that we respond quickly when the process is quick, and don't
	     * consume too much overhead when it's slow. */
	    if (delay < 50)
		delay += 10;
	}
#else
	WaitForSingleObject(pi.hProcess, INFINITE);
#endif

	/* Get the command exit code */
	GetExitCodeProcess(pi.hProcess, &ret);
    }
    else
    {
	/*
	 * This ugly code is the only quick way of performing
	 * a synchronous spawn under Win32s. Yuk.
	 */
	num_windows = 0;
	EnumWindows(win32ssynch_cb, 0);
	old_num_windows = num_windows;
	do
	{
	    Sleep(1000);
	    num_windows = 0;
	    EnumWindows(win32ssynch_cb, 0);
	} while (num_windows == old_num_windows);
	ret = 0;
    }

    /* Close the handles to the subprocess, so that it goes away */
    CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
    CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);

    /* Try to get input focus back.  Doesn't always work though. */
    PostMessage(hwnd, WM_SETFOCUS, 0, 0);

    return ret;
}
#else

# define mch_system(c, o) system(c)

#endif

/*
 * Either execute a command by calling the shell or start a new shell
 */
    int
mch_call_shell(
    char_u  *cmd,
    int	    options)	/* SHELL_*, see vim.h */
{
    int		x = 0;
    int		tmode = cur_tmode;
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    char szShellTitle[512];

    /* Change the title to reflect that we are in a subshell. */
    if (GetConsoleTitle(szShellTitle, sizeof(szShellTitle) - 4) > 0)
    {
	if (cmd == NULL)
	    strcat(szShellTitle, " :sh");
	else
	{
	    strcat(szShellTitle, " - !");
	    if ((strlen(szShellTitle) + strlen(cmd) < sizeof(szShellTitle)))
		strcat(szShellTitle, cmd);
	}
	mch_settitle(szShellTitle, NULL);
    }
#endif

    out_flush();

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
    {
	fprintf(fdDump, "mch_call_shell(\"%s\", %d)\n", cmd, options);
	fflush(fdDump);
    }
#endif

    /*
     * Catch all deadly signals while running the external command, because a
     * CTRL-C, Ctrl-Break or illegal instruction  might otherwise kill us.
     */
    signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
    signal(SIGKILL, SIG_IGN);
#else
    signal(SIGBREAK, SIG_IGN);
#endif
    signal(SIGILL, SIG_IGN);
    signal(SIGFPE, SIG_IGN);
    signal(SIGSEGV, SIG_IGN);
    signal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
    signal(SIGABRT, SIG_IGN);

    if (options & SHELL_COOKED)
	settmode(TMODE_COOK);	/* set to normal mode */

    if (cmd == NULL)
    {
	x = mch_system(p_sh, options);
    }
    else
    {
	/* we use "command" or "cmd" to start the shell; slow but easy */
	char_u *newcmd;
	long_u cmdlen =  (
#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
		STRLEN(vimrun_path) +
#endif
		STRLEN(p_sh) + STRLEN(p_shcf) + STRLEN(cmd) + 10);

	newcmd = lalloc(cmdlen, TRUE);
	if (newcmd != NULL)
	{
	    char_u *cmdbase = (*cmd == '"' ? cmd + 1 : cmd);

	    if ((STRNICMP(cmdbase, "start", 5) == 0) && vim_iswhite(cmdbase[5]))
	    {
		STARTUPINFO		si;
		PROCESS_INFORMATION	pi;

		si.cb = sizeof(si);
		si.lpReserved = NULL;
		si.lpDesktop = NULL;
		si.lpTitle = NULL;
		si.dwFlags = 0;
		si.cbReserved2 = 0;
		si.lpReserved2 = NULL;

		cmdbase = skipwhite(cmdbase + 5);
		if ((STRNICMP(cmdbase, "/min", 4) == 0)
			&& vim_iswhite(cmdbase[4]))
		{
		    cmdbase = skipwhite(cmdbase + 4);
		    si.dwFlags = STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW;
		    si.wShowWindow = SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE;
		}

		/* When the command is in double quotes, but 'shellxquote' is
		 * empty, keep the double quotes around the command.
		 * Otherwise remove the double quotes, they aren't needed
		 * here, because we don't use a shell to run the command. */
		if (*cmd == '"' && *p_sxq == NUL)
		{
		    newcmd[0] = '"';
		    STRCPY(newcmd + 1, cmdbase);
		}
		else
		{
		    STRCPY(newcmd, cmdbase);
		    if (*cmd == '"' && *newcmd != NUL)
			newcmd[STRLEN(newcmd) - 1] = NUL;
		}

		/*
		 * Now, start the command as a process, so that it doesn't
		 * inherit our handles which causes unpleasant dangling swap
		 * files if we exit before the spawned process
		 */
		if (CreateProcess (NULL,	// Executable name
			newcmd,			// Command to execute
			NULL,			// Process security attributes
			NULL,			// Thread security attributes
			FALSE,			// Inherit handles
			CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE,	// Creation flags
			NULL,			// Environment
			NULL,			// Current directory
			&si,			// Startup information
			&pi))			// Process information
		    x = 0;
		else
		{
		    x = -1;
#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
		    EMSG(_("E371: Command not found"));
#endif
		}
		/* Close the handles to the subprocess, so that it goes away */
		CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
		CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);
	    }
	    else
	    {
#if defined(FEAT_GUI_W32)
		if (need_vimrun_warning)
		{
		    MessageBox(NULL,
			    _("VIMRUN.EXE not found in your $PATH.\n"
				"External commands will not pause after completion.\n"
				"See  :help win32-vimrun  for more information."),
			    _("Vim Warning"),
			    MB_ICONWARNING);
		    need_vimrun_warning = FALSE;
		}
		if (!s_dont_use_vimrun)
		    /* Use vimrun to execute the command.  It opens a console
		     * window, which can be closed without killing Vim. */
		    vim_snprintf((char *)newcmd, cmdlen, "%s%s%s %s %s",
			    vimrun_path,
			    (msg_silent != 0 || (options & SHELL_DOOUT))
								 ? "-s " : "",
			    p_sh, p_shcf, cmd);
		else
#endif
		    vim_snprintf((char *)newcmd, cmdlen, "%s %s %s",
							   p_sh, p_shcf, cmd);
		x = mch_system((char *)newcmd, options);
	    }
	    vim_free(newcmd);
	}
    }

    if (tmode == TMODE_RAW)
	settmode(TMODE_RAW);	/* set to raw mode */

    /* Print the return value, unless "vimrun" was used. */
    if (x != 0 && !(options & SHELL_SILENT) && !emsg_silent
#if defined(FEAT_GUI_W32)
		&& ((options & SHELL_DOOUT) || s_dont_use_vimrun)
#endif
	    )
    {
	smsg(_("shell returned %d"), x);
	msg_putchar('\n');
    }
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    resettitle();
#endif

    signal(SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
    signal(SIGKILL, SIG_DFL);
#else
    signal(SIGBREAK, SIG_DFL);
#endif
    signal(SIGILL, SIG_DFL);
    signal(SIGFPE, SIG_DFL);
    signal(SIGSEGV, SIG_DFL);
    signal(SIGTERM, SIG_DFL);
    signal(SIGABRT, SIG_DFL);

    return x;
}


#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32

/*
 * Start termcap mode
 */
    static void
termcap_mode_start(void)
{
    DWORD cmodein;

    if (g_fTermcapMode)
	return;

    SaveConsoleBuffer(&g_cbNonTermcap);

    if (g_cbTermcap.IsValid)
    {
	/*
	 * We've been in termcap mode before.  Restore certain screen
	 * characteristics, including the buffer size and the window
	 * size.  Since we will be redrawing the screen, we don't need
	 * to restore the actual contents of the buffer.
	 */
	RestoreConsoleBuffer(&g_cbTermcap, FALSE);
	SetConsoleWindowInfo(g_hConOut, TRUE, &g_cbTermcap.Info.srWindow);
	Rows = g_cbTermcap.Info.dwSize.Y;
	Columns = g_cbTermcap.Info.dwSize.X;
    }
    else
    {
	/*
	 * This is our first time entering termcap mode.  Clear the console
	 * screen buffer, and resize the buffer to match the current window
	 * size.  We will use this as the size of our editing environment.
	 */
	ClearConsoleBuffer(g_attrCurrent);
	ResizeConBufAndWindow(g_hConOut, Columns, Rows);
    }

#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    resettitle();
#endif

    GetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, &cmodein);
#ifdef FEAT_MOUSE
    if (g_fMouseActive)
	cmodein |= ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT;
    else
	cmodein &= ~ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT;
#endif
    cmodein |= ENABLE_WINDOW_INPUT;
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, cmodein);

    redraw_later_clear();
    g_fTermcapMode = TRUE;
}


/*
 * End termcap mode
 */
    static void
termcap_mode_end(void)
{
    DWORD cmodein;
    ConsoleBuffer *cb;
    COORD coord;
    DWORD dwDummy;

    if (!g_fTermcapMode)
	return;

    SaveConsoleBuffer(&g_cbTermcap);

    GetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, &cmodein);
    cmodein &= ~(ENABLE_MOUSE_INPUT | ENABLE_WINDOW_INPUT);
    SetConsoleMode(g_hConIn, cmodein);

#ifdef FEAT_RESTORE_ORIG_SCREEN
    cb = exiting ? &g_cbOrig : &g_cbNonTermcap;
#else
    cb = &g_cbNonTermcap;
#endif
    RestoreConsoleBuffer(cb, p_rs);
    SetConsoleCursorInfo(g_hConOut, &g_cci);

    if (p_rs || exiting)
    {
	/*
	 * Clear anything that happens to be on the current line.
	 */
	coord.X = 0;
	coord.Y = (SHORT) (p_rs ? cb->Info.dwCursorPosition.Y : (Rows - 1));
	FillConsoleOutputCharacter(g_hConOut, ' ',
		cb->Info.dwSize.X, coord, &dwDummy);
	/*
	 * The following is just for aesthetics.  If we are exiting without
	 * restoring the screen, then we want to have a prompt string
	 * appear at the bottom line.  However, the command interpreter
	 * seems to always advance the cursor one line before displaying
	 * the prompt string, which causes the screen to scroll.  To
	 * counter this, move the cursor up one line before exiting.
	 */
	if (exiting && !p_rs)
	    coord.Y--;
	/*
	 * Position the cursor at the leftmost column of the desired row.
	 */
	SetConsoleCursorPosition(g_hConOut, coord);
    }

    g_fTermcapMode = FALSE;
}
#endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */


#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
/*ARGSUSED*/
    void
mch_write(
    char_u  *s,
    int	    len)
{
    /* never used */
}

#else

/*
 * clear `n' chars, starting from `coord'
 */
    static void
clear_chars(
    COORD coord,
    DWORD n)
{
    DWORD dwDummy;

    FillConsoleOutputCharacter(g_hConOut, ' ', n, coord, &dwDummy);
    FillConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, g_attrCurrent, n, coord, &dwDummy);
}


/*
 * Clear the screen
 */
    static void
clear_screen(void)
{
    g_coord.X = g_coord.Y = 0;
    clear_chars(g_coord, Rows * Columns);
}


/*
 * Clear to end of display
 */
    static void
clear_to_end_of_display(void)
{
    clear_chars(g_coord, (Rows - g_coord.Y - 1)
					   * Columns + (Columns - g_coord.X));
}


/*
 * Clear to end of line
 */
    static void
clear_to_end_of_line(void)
{
    clear_chars(g_coord, Columns - g_coord.X);
}


/*
 * Scroll the scroll region up by `cLines' lines
 */
    static void
scroll(unsigned cLines)
{
    COORD oldcoord = g_coord;

    gotoxy(g_srScrollRegion.Left + 1, g_srScrollRegion.Top + 1);
    delete_lines(cLines);

    g_coord = oldcoord;
}


/*
 * Set the scroll region
 */
    static void
set_scroll_region(
    unsigned left,
    unsigned top,
    unsigned right,
    unsigned bottom)
{
    if (left >= right
	    || top >= bottom
	    || right > (unsigned) Columns - 1
	    || bottom > (unsigned) Rows - 1)
	return;

    g_srScrollRegion.Left =   left;
    g_srScrollRegion.Top =    top;
    g_srScrollRegion.Right =  right;
    g_srScrollRegion.Bottom = bottom;
}


/*
 * Insert `cLines' lines at the current cursor position
 */
    static void
insert_lines(unsigned cLines)
{
    SMALL_RECT	    source;
    COORD	    dest;
    CHAR_INFO	    fill;

    dest.X = 0;
    dest.Y = g_coord.Y + cLines;

    source.Left   = 0;
    source.Top	  = g_coord.Y;
    source.Right  = g_srScrollRegion.Right;
    source.Bottom = g_srScrollRegion.Bottom - cLines;

    fill.Char.AsciiChar = ' ';
    fill.Attributes = g_attrCurrent;

    ScrollConsoleScreenBuffer(g_hConOut, &source, NULL, dest, &fill);

    /* Here we have to deal with a win32 console flake: If the scroll
     * region looks like abc and we scroll c to a and fill with d we get
     * cbd... if we scroll block c one line at a time to a, we get cdd...
     * vim expects cdd consistently... So we have to deal with that
     * here... (this also occurs scrolling the same way in the other
     * direction).  */

    if (source.Bottom < dest.Y)
    {
	COORD coord;

	coord.X = 0;
	coord.Y = source.Bottom;
	clear_chars(coord, Columns * (dest.Y - source.Bottom));
    }
}


/*
 * Delete `cLines' lines at the current cursor position
 */
    static void
delete_lines(unsigned cLines)
{
    SMALL_RECT	    source;
    COORD	    dest;
    CHAR_INFO	    fill;
    int		    nb;

    dest.X = 0;
    dest.Y = g_coord.Y;

    source.Left   = 0;
    source.Top	  = g_coord.Y + cLines;
    source.Right  = g_srScrollRegion.Right;
    source.Bottom = g_srScrollRegion.Bottom;

    fill.Char.AsciiChar = ' ';
    fill.Attributes = g_attrCurrent;

    ScrollConsoleScreenBuffer(g_hConOut, &source, NULL, dest, &fill);

    /* Here we have to deal with a win32 console flake: If the scroll
     * region looks like abc and we scroll c to a and fill with d we get
     * cbd... if we scroll block c one line at a time to a, we get cdd...
     * vim expects cdd consistently... So we have to deal with that
     * here... (this also occurs scrolling the same way in the other
     * direction).  */

    nb = dest.Y + (source.Bottom - source.Top) + 1;

    if (nb < source.Top)
    {
	COORD coord;

	coord.X = 0;
	coord.Y = nb;
	clear_chars(coord, Columns * (source.Top - nb));
    }
}


/*
 * Set the cursor position
 */
    static void
gotoxy(
    unsigned x,
    unsigned y)
{
    if (x < 1 || x > (unsigned)Columns || y < 1 || y > (unsigned)Rows)
	return;

    /* external cursor coords are 1-based; internal are 0-based */
    g_coord.X = x - 1;
    g_coord.Y = y - 1;
    SetConsoleCursorPosition(g_hConOut, g_coord);
}


/*
 * Set the current text attribute = (foreground | background)
 * See ../doc/os_win32.txt for the numbers.
 */
    static void
textattr(WORD wAttr)
{
    g_attrCurrent = wAttr;

    SetConsoleTextAttribute(g_hConOut, wAttr);
}


    static void
textcolor(WORD wAttr)
{
    g_attrCurrent = (g_attrCurrent & 0xf0) + wAttr;

    SetConsoleTextAttribute(g_hConOut, g_attrCurrent);
}


    static void
textbackground(WORD wAttr)
{
    g_attrCurrent = (g_attrCurrent & 0x0f) + (wAttr << 4);

    SetConsoleTextAttribute(g_hConOut, g_attrCurrent);
}


/*
 * restore the default text attribute (whatever we started with)
 */
    static void
normvideo(void)
{
    textattr(g_attrDefault);
}


static WORD g_attrPreStandout = 0;

/*
 * Make the text standout, by brightening it
 */
    static void
standout(void)
{
    g_attrPreStandout = g_attrCurrent;
    textattr((WORD) (g_attrCurrent|FOREGROUND_INTENSITY|BACKGROUND_INTENSITY));
}


/*
 * Turn off standout mode
 */
    static void
standend(void)
{
    if (g_attrPreStandout)
    {
	textattr(g_attrPreStandout);
	g_attrPreStandout = 0;
    }
}


/*
 * Set normal fg/bg color, based on T_ME.  Called when t_me has been set.
 */
    void
mch_set_normal_colors(void)
{
    char_u	*p;
    int		n;

    cterm_normal_fg_color = (g_attrDefault & 0xf) + 1;
    cterm_normal_bg_color = ((g_attrDefault >> 4) & 0xf) + 1;
    if (T_ME[0] == ESC && T_ME[1] == '|')
    {
	p = T_ME + 2;
	n = getdigits(&p);
	if (*p == 'm' && n > 0)
	{
	    cterm_normal_fg_color = (n & 0xf) + 1;
	    cterm_normal_bg_color = ((n >> 4) & 0xf) + 1;
	}
    }
}


/*
 * visual bell: flash the screen
 */
    static void
visual_bell(void)
{
    COORD   coordOrigin = {0, 0};
    WORD    attrFlash = ~g_attrCurrent & 0xff;

    DWORD   dwDummy;
    LPWORD  oldattrs = (LPWORD)alloc(Rows * Columns * sizeof(WORD));

    if (oldattrs == NULL)
	return;
    ReadConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, oldattrs, Rows * Columns,
			       coordOrigin, &dwDummy);
    FillConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, attrFlash, Rows * Columns,
			       coordOrigin, &dwDummy);

    Sleep(15);	    /* wait for 15 msec */
    WriteConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, oldattrs, Rows * Columns,
				coordOrigin, &dwDummy);
    vim_free(oldattrs);
}


/*
 * Make the cursor visible or invisible
 */
    static void
cursor_visible(BOOL fVisible)
{
    s_cursor_visible = fVisible;
#ifdef MCH_CURSOR_SHAPE
    mch_update_cursor();
#endif
}


/*
 * write `cchToWrite' characters in `pchBuf' to the screen
 * Returns the number of characters actually written (at least one).
 */
    static BOOL
write_chars(
    LPCSTR pchBuf,
    DWORD  cchToWrite)
{
    COORD coord = g_coord;
    DWORD written;

    FillConsoleOutputAttribute(g_hConOut, g_attrCurrent, cchToWrite,
				coord, &written);
    /* When writing fails or didn't write a single character, pretend one
     * character was written, otherwise we get stuck. */
    if (WriteConsoleOutputCharacter(g_hConOut, pchBuf, cchToWrite,
				coord, &written) == 0
	    || written == 0)
	written = 1;

    g_coord.X += (SHORT) written;

    while (g_coord.X > g_srScrollRegion.Right)
    {
	g_coord.X -= (SHORT) Columns;
	if (g_coord.Y < g_srScrollRegion.Bottom)
	    g_coord.Y++;
    }

    gotoxy(g_coord.X + 1, g_coord.Y + 1);

    return written;
}


/*
 * mch_write(): write the output buffer to the screen, translating ESC
 * sequences into calls to console output routines.
 */
    void
mch_write(
    char_u  *s,
    int	    len)
{
    s[len] = NUL;

    if (!term_console)
    {
	write(1, s, (unsigned)len);
	return;
    }

    /* translate ESC | sequences into faked bios calls */
    while (len--)
    {
	/* optimization: use one single write_chars for runs of text,
	 * rather than once per character  It ain't curses, but it helps. */
	DWORD  prefix = (DWORD)strcspn(s, "\n\r\b\a\033");

	if (p_wd)
	{
	    WaitForChar(p_wd);
	    if (prefix != 0)
		prefix = 1;
	}

	if (prefix != 0)
	{
	    DWORD nWritten;

	    nWritten = write_chars(s, prefix);
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
	    {
		fputc('>', fdDump);
		fwrite(s, sizeof(char_u), nWritten, fdDump);
		fputs("<\n", fdDump);
	    }
#endif
	    len -= (nWritten - 1);
	    s += nWritten;
	}
	else if (s[0] == '\n')
	{
	    /* \n, newline: go to the beginning of the next line or scroll */
	    if (g_coord.Y == g_srScrollRegion.Bottom)
	    {
		scroll(1);
		gotoxy(g_srScrollRegion.Left + 1, g_srScrollRegion.Bottom + 1);
	    }
	    else
	    {
		gotoxy(g_srScrollRegion.Left + 1, g_coord.Y + 2);
	    }
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
		fputs("\\n\n", fdDump);
#endif
	    s++;
	}
	else if (s[0] == '\r')
	{
	    /* \r, carriage return: go to beginning of line */
	    gotoxy(g_srScrollRegion.Left+1, g_coord.Y + 1);
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
		fputs("\\r\n", fdDump);
#endif
	    s++;
	}
	else if (s[0] == '\b')
	{
	    /* \b, backspace: move cursor one position left */
	    if (g_coord.X > g_srScrollRegion.Left)
		g_coord.X--;
	    else if (g_coord.Y > g_srScrollRegion.Top)
	    {
		g_coord.X = g_srScrollRegion.Right;
		g_coord.Y--;
	    }
	    gotoxy(g_coord.X + 1, g_coord.Y + 1);
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
		fputs("\\b\n", fdDump);
#endif
	    s++;
	}
	else if (s[0] == '\a')
	{
	    /* \a, bell */
	    MessageBeep(0xFFFFFFFF);
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
		fputs("\\a\n", fdDump);
#endif
	    s++;
	}
	else if (s[0] == ESC && len >= 3-1 && s[1] == '|')
	{
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    char_u  *old_s = s;
#endif
	    char_u  *p;
	    int	    arg1 = 0, arg2 = 0;

	    switch (s[2])
	    {
	    /* one or two numeric arguments, separated by ';' */

	    case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
	    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
		p = s + 2;
		arg1 = getdigits(&p);	    /* no check for length! */
		if (p > s + len)
		    break;

		if (*p == ';')
		{
		    ++p;
		    arg2 = getdigits(&p);   /* no check for length! */
		    if (p > s + len)
			break;

		    if (*p == 'H')
			gotoxy(arg2, arg1);
		    else if (*p == 'r')
			set_scroll_region(0, arg1 - 1, Columns - 1, arg2 - 1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'A')
		{
		    /* move cursor up arg1 lines in same column */
		    gotoxy(g_coord.X + 1,
			   max(g_srScrollRegion.Top, g_coord.Y - arg1) + 1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'C')
		{
		    /* move cursor right arg1 columns in same line */
		    gotoxy(min(g_srScrollRegion.Right, g_coord.X + arg1) + 1,
			   g_coord.Y + 1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'H')
		{
		    gotoxy(1, arg1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'L')
		{
		    insert_lines(arg1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'm')
		{
		    if (arg1 == 0)
			normvideo();
		    else
			textattr((WORD) arg1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'f')
		{
		    textcolor((WORD) arg1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'b')
		{
		    textbackground((WORD) arg1);
		}
		else if (*p == 'M')
		{
		    delete_lines(arg1);
		}

		len -= (int)(p - s);
		s = p + 1;
		break;


	    /* Three-character escape sequences */

	    case 'A':
		/* move cursor up one line in same column */
		gotoxy(g_coord.X + 1,
		       max(g_srScrollRegion.Top, g_coord.Y - 1) + 1);
		goto got3;

	    case 'B':
		visual_bell();
		goto got3;

	    case 'C':
		/* move cursor right one column in same line */
		gotoxy(min(g_srScrollRegion.Right, g_coord.X + 1) + 1,
		       g_coord.Y + 1);
		goto got3;

	    case 'E':
		termcap_mode_end();
		goto got3;

	    case 'F':
		standout();
		goto got3;

	    case 'f':
		standend();
		goto got3;

	    case 'H':
		gotoxy(1, 1);
		goto got3;

	    case 'j':
		clear_to_end_of_display();
		goto got3;

	    case 'J':
		clear_screen();
		goto got3;

	    case 'K':
		clear_to_end_of_line();
		goto got3;

	    case 'L':
		insert_lines(1);
		goto got3;

	    case 'M':
		delete_lines(1);
		goto got3;

	    case 'S':
		termcap_mode_start();
		goto got3;

	    case 'V':
		cursor_visible(TRUE);
		goto got3;

	    case 'v':
		cursor_visible(FALSE);
		goto got3;

	    got3:
		s += 3;
		len -= 2;
	    }

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
	    {
		fputs("ESC | ", fdDump);
		fwrite(old_s + 2, sizeof(char_u), s - old_s - 2, fdDump);
		fputc('\n', fdDump);
	    }
#endif
	}
	else
	{
	    /* Write a single character */
	    DWORD nWritten;

	    nWritten = write_chars(s, 1);
#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
	    if (fdDump)
	    {
		fputc('>', fdDump);
		fwrite(s, sizeof(char_u), nWritten, fdDump);
		fputs("<\n", fdDump);
	    }
#endif

	    len -= (nWritten - 1);
	    s += nWritten;
	}
    }

#ifdef MCH_WRITE_DUMP
    if (fdDump)
	fflush(fdDump);
#endif
}

#endif /* FEAT_GUI_W32 */


/*
 * Delay for half a second.
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
    void
mch_delay(
    long    msec,
    int	    ignoreinput)
{
#ifdef FEAT_GUI_W32
    Sleep((int)msec);	    /* never wait for input */
#else /* Console */
    if (ignoreinput)
# ifdef FEAT_MZSCHEME
	if (mzthreads_allowed() && p_mzq > 0 && msec > p_mzq)
	{
	    int towait = p_mzq;

	    /* if msec is large enough, wait by portions in p_mzq */
	    while (msec > 0)
	    {
		mzvim_check_threads();
		if (msec < towait)
		    towait = msec;
		Sleep(towait);
		msec -= towait;
	    }
	}
	else
# endif
	    Sleep((int)msec);
    else
	WaitForChar(msec);
#endif
}


/*
 * this version of remove is not scared by a readonly (backup) file
 * Return 0 for success, -1 for failure.
 */
    int
mch_remove(char_u *name)
{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    WCHAR	*wn = NULL;
    int		n;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	wn = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	if (wn != NULL)
	{
	    SetFileAttributesW(wn, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL);
	    n = DeleteFileW(wn) ? 0 : -1;
	    vim_free(wn);
	    if (n == 0 || GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
		return n;
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
	}
    }
#endif
    SetFileAttributes(name, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL);
    return DeleteFile(name) ? 0 : -1;
}


/*
 * check for an "interrupt signal": CTRL-break or CTRL-C
 */
    void
mch_breakcheck(void)
{
#ifndef FEAT_GUI_W32	    /* never used */
    if (g_fCtrlCPressed || g_fCBrkPressed)
    {
	g_fCtrlCPressed = g_fCBrkPressed = FALSE;
	got_int = TRUE;
    }
#endif
}


/*
 * How much memory is available?
 * Return sum of available physical and page file memory.
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
    long_u
mch_avail_mem(int special)
{
    MEMORYSTATUS	ms;

    ms.dwLength = sizeof(MEMORYSTATUS);
    GlobalMemoryStatus(&ms);
    return (long_u) (ms.dwAvailPhys + ms.dwAvailPageFile);
}

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
/*
 * Same code as below, but with wide functions and no comments.
 * Return 0 for success, non-zero for failure.
 */
    int
mch_wrename(WCHAR *wold, WCHAR *wnew)
{
    WCHAR	*p;
    int		i;
    WCHAR	szTempFile[_MAX_PATH + 1];
    WCHAR	szNewPath[_MAX_PATH + 1];
    HANDLE	hf;

    if (!mch_windows95())
    {
	p = wold;
	for (i = 0; wold[i] != NUL; ++i)
	    if ((wold[i] == '/' || wold[i] == '\\' || wold[i] == ':')
		    && wold[i + 1] != 0)
		p = wold + i + 1;
	if ((int)(wold + i - p) < 8 || p[6] != '~')
	    return (MoveFileW(wold, wnew) == 0);
    }

    if (GetFullPathNameW(wnew, _MAX_PATH, szNewPath, &p) == 0 || p == NULL)
	return -1;
    *p = NUL;

    if (GetTempFileNameW(szNewPath, L"VIM", 0, szTempFile) == 0)
	return -2;

    if (!DeleteFileW(szTempFile))
	return -3;

    if (!MoveFileW(wold, szTempFile))
	return -4;

    if ((hf = CreateFileW(wold, GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL, CREATE_NEW,
		    FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL)) == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	return -5;
    if (!CloseHandle(hf))
	return -6;

    if (!MoveFileW(szTempFile, wnew))
    {
	(void)MoveFileW(szTempFile, wold);
	return -7;
    }

    DeleteFileW(szTempFile);

    if (!DeleteFileW(wold))
	return -8;

    return 0;
}
#endif


/*
 * mch_rename() works around a bug in rename (aka MoveFile) in
 * Windows 95: rename("foo.bar", "foo.bar~") will generate a
 * file whose short file name is "FOO.BAR" (its long file name will
 * be correct: "foo.bar~").  Because a file can be accessed by
 * either its SFN or its LFN, "foo.bar" has effectively been
 * renamed to "foo.bar", which is not at all what was wanted.  This
 * seems to happen only when renaming files with three-character
 * extensions by appending a suffix that does not include ".".
 * Windows NT gets it right, however, with an SFN of "FOO~1.BAR".
 *
 * There is another problem, which isn't really a bug but isn't right either:
 * When renaming "abcdef~1.txt" to "abcdef~1.txt~", the short name can be
 * "abcdef~1.txt" again.  This has been reported on Windows NT 4.0 with
 * service pack 6.  Doesn't seem to happen on Windows 98.
 *
 * Like rename(), returns 0 upon success, non-zero upon failure.
 * Should probably set errno appropriately when errors occur.
 */
    int
mch_rename(
    const char	*pszOldFile,
    const char	*pszNewFile)
{
    char	szTempFile[_MAX_PATH+1];
    char	szNewPath[_MAX_PATH+1];
    char	*pszFilePart;
    HANDLE	hf;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    WCHAR	*wold = NULL;
    WCHAR	*wnew = NULL;
    int		retval = -1;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	wold = enc_to_utf16((char_u *)pszOldFile, NULL);
	wnew = enc_to_utf16((char_u *)pszNewFile, NULL);
	if (wold != NULL && wnew != NULL)
	    retval = mch_wrename(wold, wnew);
	vim_free(wold);
	vim_free(wnew);
	if (retval == 0 || GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	    return retval;
	/* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
    }
#endif

    /*
     * No need to play tricks if not running Windows 95, unless the file name
     * contains a "~" as the seventh character.
     */
    if (!mch_windows95())
    {
	pszFilePart = (char *)gettail((char_u *)pszOldFile);
	if (STRLEN(pszFilePart) < 8 || pszFilePart[6] != '~')
	    return rename(pszOldFile, pszNewFile);
    }

    /* Get base path of new file name.  Undocumented feature: If pszNewFile is
     * a directory, no error is returned and pszFilePart will be NULL. */
    if (GetFullPathName(pszNewFile, _MAX_PATH, szNewPath, &pszFilePart) == 0
	    || pszFilePart == NULL)
	return -1;
    *pszFilePart = NUL;

    /* Get (and create) a unique temporary file name in directory of new file */
    if (GetTempFileName(szNewPath, "VIM", 0, szTempFile) == 0)
	return -2;

    /* blow the temp file away */
    if (!DeleteFile(szTempFile))
	return -3;

    /* rename old file to the temp file */
    if (!MoveFile(pszOldFile, szTempFile))
	return -4;

    /* now create an empty file called pszOldFile; this prevents the operating
     * system using pszOldFile as an alias (SFN) if we're renaming within the
     * same directory.  For example, we're editing a file called
     * filename.asc.txt by its SFN, filena~1.txt.  If we rename filena~1.txt
     * to filena~1.txt~ (i.e., we're making a backup while writing it), the
     * SFN for filena~1.txt~ will be filena~1.txt, by default, which will
     * cause all sorts of problems later in buf_write().  So, we create an
     * empty file called filena~1.txt and the system will have to find some
     * other SFN for filena~1.txt~, such as filena~2.txt
     */
    if ((hf = CreateFile(pszOldFile, GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL, CREATE_NEW,
		    FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL)) == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	return -5;
    if (!CloseHandle(hf))
	return -6;

    /* rename the temp file to the new file */
    if (!MoveFile(szTempFile, pszNewFile))
    {
	/* Renaming failed.  Rename the file back to its old name, so that it
	 * looks like nothing happened. */
	(void)MoveFile(szTempFile, pszOldFile);

	return -7;
    }

    /* Seems to be left around on Novell filesystems */
    DeleteFile(szTempFile);

    /* finally, remove the empty old file */
    if (!DeleteFile(pszOldFile))
	return -8;

    return 0;	/* success */
}

/*
 * Get the default shell for the current hardware platform
 */
    char *
default_shell(void)
{
    char* psz = NULL;

    PlatformId();

    if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT)		/* Windows NT */
	psz = "cmd.exe";
    else if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS) /* Windows 95 */
	psz = "command.com";

    return psz;
}

/*
 * mch_access() extends access() to do more detailed check on network drives.
 * Returns 0 if file "n" has access rights according to "p", -1 otherwise.
 */
    int
mch_access(char *n, int p)
{
    HANDLE	hFile;
    DWORD	am;
    int		retval = -1;	    /* default: fail */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    WCHAR	*wn = NULL;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
	wn = enc_to_utf16(n, NULL);
#endif

    if (mch_isdir(n))
    {
	char TempName[_MAX_PATH + 16] = "";
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	WCHAR TempNameW[_MAX_PATH + 16] = L"";
#endif

	if (p & R_OK)
	{
	    /* Read check is performed by seeing if we can do a find file on
	     * the directory for any file. */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (wn != NULL)
	    {
		int		    i;
		WIN32_FIND_DATAW    d;

		for (i = 0; i < _MAX_PATH && wn[i] != 0; ++i)
		    TempNameW[i] = wn[i];
		if (TempNameW[i - 1] != '\\' && TempNameW[i - 1] != '/')
		    TempNameW[i++] = '\\';
		TempNameW[i++] = '*';
		TempNameW[i++] = 0;

		hFile = FindFirstFileW(TempNameW, &d);
		if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
		{
		    if (GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
			goto getout;

		    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
		    vim_free(wn);
		    wn = NULL;
		}
		else
		    (void)FindClose(hFile);
	    }
	    if (wn == NULL)
#endif
	    {
		char		    *pch;
		WIN32_FIND_DATA	    d;

		vim_strncpy(TempName, n, _MAX_PATH);
		pch = TempName + STRLEN(TempName) - 1;
		if (*pch != '\\' && *pch != '/')
		    *++pch = '\\';
		*++pch = '*';
		*++pch = NUL;

		hFile = FindFirstFile(TempName, &d);
		if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
		    goto getout;
		(void)FindClose(hFile);
	    }
	}

	if (p & W_OK)
	{
	    /* Trying to create a temporary file in the directory should catch
	     * directories on read-only network shares.  However, in
	     * directories whose ACL allows writes but denies deletes will end
	     * up keeping the temporary file :-(. */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (wn != NULL)
	    {
		if (!GetTempFileNameW(wn, L"VIM", 0, TempNameW))
		{
		    if (GetLastError() != ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
			goto getout;

		    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
		    vim_free(wn);
		    wn = NULL;
		}
		else
		    DeleteFileW(TempNameW);
	    }
	    if (wn == NULL)
#endif
	    {
		if (!GetTempFileName(n, "VIM", 0, TempName))
		    goto getout;
		mch_remove((char_u *)TempName);
	    }
	}
    }
    else
    {
	/* Trying to open the file for the required access does ACL, read-only
	 * network share, and file attribute checks.  */
	am = ((p & W_OK) ? GENERIC_WRITE : 0)
		| ((p & R_OK) ? GENERIC_READ : 0);
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (wn != NULL)
	{
	    hFile = CreateFileW(wn, am, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);
	    if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE
			      && GetLastError() == ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED)
	    {
		/* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). */
		vim_free(wn);
		wn = NULL;
	    }
	}
	if (wn == NULL)
#endif
	    hFile = CreateFile(n, am, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);
	if (hFile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	    goto getout;
	CloseHandle(hFile);
    }

    retval = 0;	    /* success */
getout:
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    vim_free(wn);
#endif
    return retval;
}

#if defined(FEAT_MBYTE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Version of open() that may use UTF-16 file name.
 */
    int
mch_open(char *name, int flags, int mode)
{
    /* _wopen() does not work with Borland C 5.5: creates a read-only file. */
# ifndef __BORLANDC__
    WCHAR	*wn;
    int		f;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage)
    {
	wn = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	if (wn != NULL)
	{
	    f = _wopen(wn, flags, mode);
	    vim_free(wn);
	    if (f >= 0)
		return f;
	    /* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). Can't use
	     * GetLastError() here and it's unclear what errno gets set to if
	     * the _wopen() fails for missing wide functions. */
	}
    }
# endif

    return open(name, flags, mode);
}

/*
 * Version of fopen() that may use UTF-16 file name.
 */
    FILE *
mch_fopen(char *name, char *mode)
{
    WCHAR	*wn, *wm;
    FILE	*f = NULL;

    if (enc_codepage >= 0 && (int)GetACP() != enc_codepage
# ifdef __BORLANDC__
	    /* Wide functions of Borland C 5.5 do not work on Windows 98. */
	    && g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT
# endif
       )
    {
# if defined(DEBUG) && _MSC_VER >= 1400
	/* Work around an annoying assertion in the Microsoft debug CRT
	 * when mode's text/binary setting doesn't match _get_fmode(). */
	char newMode = mode[strlen(mode) - 1];
	int oldMode = 0;

	_get_fmode(&oldMode);
	if (newMode == 't')
	    _set_fmode(_O_TEXT);
	else if (newMode == 'b')
	    _set_fmode(_O_BINARY);
# endif
	wn = enc_to_utf16(name, NULL);
	wm = enc_to_utf16(mode, NULL);
	if (wn != NULL && wm != NULL)
	    f = _wfopen(wn, wm);
	vim_free(wn);
	vim_free(wm);

# if defined(DEBUG) && _MSC_VER >= 1400
	_set_fmode(oldMode);
# endif

	if (f != NULL)
	    return f;
	/* Retry with non-wide function (for Windows 98). Can't use
	 * GetLastError() here and it's unclear what errno gets set to if
	 * the _wfopen() fails for missing wide functions. */
    }

    return fopen(name, mode);
}
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
/*
 * SUB STREAM (aka info stream) handling:
 *
 * NTFS can have sub streams for each file.  Normal contents of file is
 * stored in the main stream, and extra contents (author information and
 * title and so on) can be stored in sub stream.  After Windows 2000, user
 * can access and store those informations in sub streams via explorer's
 * property menuitem in right click menu.  Those informations in sub streams
 * were lost when copying only the main stream.  So we have to copy sub
 * streams.
 *
 * Incomplete explanation:
 *	http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/dnw2k/html/ntfs5.asp
 * More useful info and an example:
 *	http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/source/misc.shtml#streams
 */

/*
 * Copy info stream data "substream".  Read from the file with BackupRead(sh)
 * and write to stream "substream" of file "to".
 * Errors are ignored.
 */
    static void
copy_substream(HANDLE sh, void *context, WCHAR *to, WCHAR *substream, long len)
{
    HANDLE  hTo;
    WCHAR   *to_name;

    to_name = malloc((wcslen(to) + wcslen(substream) + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR));
    wcscpy(to_name, to);
    wcscat(to_name, substream);

    hTo = CreateFileW(to_name, GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL, OPEN_ALWAYS,
						 FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
    if (hTo != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
	long	done;
	DWORD	todo;
	DWORD	readcnt, written;
	char	buf[4096];

	/* Copy block of bytes at a time.  Abort when something goes wrong. */
	for (done = 0; done < len; done += written)
	{
	    /* (size_t) cast for Borland C 5.5 */
	    todo = (DWORD)((size_t)(len - done) > sizeof(buf) ? sizeof(buf)
						       : (size_t)(len - done));
	    if (!BackupRead(sh, (LPBYTE)buf, todo, &readcnt,
						       FALSE, FALSE, context)
		    || readcnt != todo
		    || !WriteFile(hTo, buf, todo, &written, NULL)
		    || written != todo)
		break;
	}
	CloseHandle(hTo);
    }

    free(to_name);
}

/*
 * Copy info streams from file "from" to file "to".
 */
    static void
copy_infostreams(char_u *from, char_u *to)
{
    WCHAR		*fromw;
    WCHAR		*tow;
    HANDLE		sh;
    WIN32_STREAM_ID	sid;
    int			headersize;
    WCHAR		streamname[_MAX_PATH];
    DWORD		readcount;
    void		*context = NULL;
    DWORD		lo, hi;
    int			len;

    /* Convert the file names to wide characters. */
    fromw = enc_to_utf16(from, NULL);
    tow = enc_to_utf16(to, NULL);
    if (fromw != NULL && tow != NULL)
    {
	/* Open the file for reading. */
	sh = CreateFileW(fromw, GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ, NULL,
			     OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS, NULL);
	if (sh != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
	{
	    /* Use BackupRead() to find the info streams.  Repeat until we
	     * have done them all.*/
	    for (;;)
	    {
		/* Get the header to find the length of the stream name.  If
		 * the "readcount" is zero we have done all info streams. */
		ZeroMemory(&sid, sizeof(WIN32_STREAM_ID));
		headersize = (int)((char *)&sid.cStreamName - (char *)&sid.dwStreamId);
		if (!BackupRead(sh, (LPBYTE)&sid, headersize,
					   &readcount, FALSE, FALSE, &context)
			|| readcount == 0)
		    break;

		/* We only deal with streams that have a name.  The normal
		 * file data appears to be without a name, even though docs
		 * suggest it is called "::$DATA". */
		if (sid.dwStreamNameSize > 0)
		{
		    /* Read the stream name. */
		    if (!BackupRead(sh, (LPBYTE)streamname,
							 sid.dwStreamNameSize,
					  &readcount, FALSE, FALSE, &context))
			break;

		    /* Copy an info stream with a name ":anything:$DATA".
		     * Skip "::$DATA", it has no stream name (examples suggest
		     * it might be used for the normal file contents).
		     * Note that BackupRead() counts bytes, but the name is in
		     * wide characters. */
		    len = readcount / sizeof(WCHAR);
		    streamname[len] = 0;
		    if (len > 7 && wcsicmp(streamname + len - 6,
							      L":$DATA") == 0)
		    {
			streamname[len - 6] = 0;
			copy_substream(sh, &context, tow, streamname,
						    (long)sid.Size.u.LowPart);
		    }
		}

		/* Advance to the next stream.  We might try seeking too far,
		 * but BackupSeek() doesn't skip over stream borders, thus
		 * that's OK. */
		(void)BackupSeek(sh, sid.Size.u.LowPart, sid.Size.u.HighPart,
							  &lo, &hi, &context);
	    }

	    /* Clear the context. */
	    (void)BackupRead(sh, NULL, 0, &readcount, TRUE, FALSE, &context);

	    CloseHandle(sh);
	}
    }
    vim_free(fromw);
    vim_free(tow);
}
#endif

/*
 * Copy file attributes from file "from" to file "to".
 * For Windows NT and later we copy info streams.
 * Always returns zero, errors are ignored.
 */
    int
mch_copy_file_attribute(char_u *from, char_u *to)
{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    /* File streams only work on Windows NT and later. */
    PlatformId();
    if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT)
	copy_infostreams(from, to);
#endif
    return 0;
}

#if defined(MYRESETSTKOFLW) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Recreate a destroyed stack guard page in win32.
 * Written by Benjamin Peterson.
 */

/* These magic numbers are from the MS header files */
#define MIN_STACK_WIN9X 17
#define MIN_STACK_WINNT 2

/*
 * This function does the same thing as _resetstkoflw(), which is only
 * available in DevStudio .net and later.
 * Returns 0 for failure, 1 for success.
 */
    int
myresetstkoflw(void)
{
    BYTE	*pStackPtr;
    BYTE	*pGuardPage;
    BYTE	*pStackBase;
    BYTE	*pLowestPossiblePage;
    MEMORY_BASIC_INFORMATION mbi;
    SYSTEM_INFO si;
    DWORD	nPageSize;
    DWORD	dummy;

    /* This code will not work on win32s. */
    PlatformId();
    if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32s)
	return 0;

    /* We need to know the system page size. */
    GetSystemInfo(&si);
    nPageSize = si.dwPageSize;

    /* ...and the current stack pointer */
    pStackPtr = (BYTE*)_alloca(1);

    /* ...and the base of the stack. */
    if (VirtualQuery(pStackPtr, &mbi, sizeof mbi) == 0)
	return 0;
    pStackBase = (BYTE*)mbi.AllocationBase;

    /* ...and the page thats min_stack_req pages away from stack base; this is
     * the lowest page we could use. */
    pLowestPossiblePage = pStackBase + ((g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT)
			     ? MIN_STACK_WINNT : MIN_STACK_WIN9X) * nPageSize;

    /* On Win95, we want the next page down from the end of the stack. */
    if (g_PlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_WINDOWS)
    {
	/* Find the page that's only 1 page down from the page that the stack
	 * ptr is in. */
	pGuardPage = (BYTE*)((DWORD)nPageSize * (((DWORD)pStackPtr
						    / (DWORD)nPageSize) - 1));
	if (pGuardPage < pLowestPossiblePage)
	    return 0;

	/* Apply the noaccess attribute to the page -- there's no guard
	 * attribute in win95-type OSes. */
	if (!VirtualProtect(pGuardPage, nPageSize, PAGE_NOACCESS, &dummy))
	    return 0;
    }
    else
    {
	/* On NT, however, we want the first committed page in the stack Start
	 * at the stack base and move forward through memory until we find a
	 * committed block. */
	BYTE *pBlock = pStackBase;

	for (;;)
	{
	    if (VirtualQuery(pBlock, &mbi, sizeof mbi) == 0)
		return 0;

	    pBlock += mbi.RegionSize;

	    if (mbi.State & MEM_COMMIT)
		break;
	}

	/* mbi now describes the first committed block in the stack. */
	if (mbi.Protect & PAGE_GUARD)
	    return 1;

	/* decide where the guard page should start */
	if ((long_u)(mbi.BaseAddress) < (long_u)pLowestPossiblePage)
	    pGuardPage = pLowestPossiblePage;
	else
	    pGuardPage = (BYTE*)mbi.BaseAddress;

	/* allocate the guard page */
	if (!VirtualAlloc(pGuardPage, nPageSize, MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_READWRITE))
	    return 0;

	/* apply the guard attribute to the page */
	if (!VirtualProtect(pGuardPage, nPageSize, PAGE_READWRITE | PAGE_GUARD,
								      &dummy))
	    return 0;
    }

    return 1;
}
#endif


#if defined(FEAT_MBYTE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * The command line arguments in UCS2
 */
static int	nArgsW = 0;
static LPWSTR	*ArglistW = NULL;
static int	global_argc = 0;
static char	**global_argv;

static int	used_file_argc = 0;	/* last argument in global_argv[] used
					   for the argument list. */
static int	*used_file_indexes = NULL; /* indexes in global_argv[] for
					      command line arguments added to
					      the argument list */
static int	used_file_count = 0;	/* nr of entries in used_file_indexes */
static int	used_file_literal = FALSE;  /* take file names literally */
static int	used_file_full_path = FALSE;  /* file name was full path */
static int	used_file_diff_mode = FALSE;  /* file name was with diff mode */
static int	used_alist_count = 0;


/*
 * Get the command line arguments.  Unicode version.
 * Returns argc.  Zero when something fails.
 */
    int
get_cmd_argsW(char ***argvp)
{
    char	**argv = NULL;
    int		argc = 0;
    int		i;

    ArglistW = CommandLineToArgvW(GetCommandLineW(), &nArgsW);
    if (ArglistW != NULL)
    {
	argv = malloc((nArgsW + 1) * sizeof(char *));
	if (argv != NULL)
	{
	    argc = nArgsW;
	    argv[argc] = NULL;
	    for (i = 0; i < argc; ++i)
	    {
		int	len;

		/* Convert each Unicode argument to the current codepage. */
		WideCharToMultiByte_alloc(GetACP(), 0,
				ArglistW[i], (int)wcslen(ArglistW[i]) + 1,
				(LPSTR *)&argv[i], &len, 0, 0);
		if (argv[i] == NULL)
		{
		    /* Out of memory, clear everything. */
		    while (i > 0)
			free(argv[--i]);
		    free(argv);
		    argc = 0;
		}
	    }
	}
    }

    global_argc = argc;
    global_argv = argv;
    if (argc > 0)
	used_file_indexes = malloc(argc * sizeof(int));

    if (argvp != NULL)
	*argvp = argv;
    return argc;
}

    void
free_cmd_argsW(void)
{
    if (ArglistW != NULL)
    {
	GlobalFree(ArglistW);
	ArglistW = NULL;
    }
}

/*
 * Remember "name" is an argument that was added to the argument list.
 * This avoids that we have to re-parse the argument list when fix_arg_enc()
 * is called.
 */
    void
used_file_arg(char *name, int literal, int full_path, int diff_mode)
{
    int		i;

    if (used_file_indexes == NULL)
	return;
    for (i = used_file_argc + 1; i < global_argc; ++i)
	if (STRCMP(global_argv[i], name) == 0)
	{
	    used_file_argc = i;
	    used_file_indexes[used_file_count++] = i;
	    break;
	}
    used_file_literal = literal;
    used_file_full_path = full_path;
    used_file_diff_mode = diff_mode;
}

/*
 * Remember the length of the argument list as it was.  If it changes then we
 * leave it alone when 'encoding' is set.
 */
    void
set_alist_count(void)
{
    used_alist_count = GARGCOUNT;
}

/*
 * Fix the encoding of the command line arguments.  Invoked when 'encoding'
 * has been changed while starting up.  Use the UCS-2 command line arguments
 * and convert them to 'encoding'.
 */
    void
fix_arg_enc(void)
{
    int		i;
    int		idx;
    char_u	*str;
    int		*fnum_list;

    /* Safety checks:
     * - if argument count differs between the wide and non-wide argument
     *   list, something must be wrong.
     * - the file name arguments must have been located.
     * - the length of the argument list wasn't changed by the user.
     */
    if (global_argc != nArgsW
	    || ArglistW == NULL
	    || used_file_indexes == NULL
	    || used_file_count == 0
	    || used_alist_count != GARGCOUNT)
	return;

    /* Remember the buffer numbers for the arguments. */
    fnum_list = (int *)alloc((int)sizeof(int) * GARGCOUNT);
    if (fnum_list == NULL)
	return;		/* out of memory */
    for (i = 0; i < GARGCOUNT; ++i)
	fnum_list[i] = GARGLIST[i].ae_fnum;

    /* Clear the argument list.  Make room for the new arguments. */
    alist_clear(&global_alist);
    if (ga_grow(&global_alist.al_ga, used_file_count) == FAIL)
	return;		/* out of memory */

    for (i = 0; i < used_file_count; ++i)
    {
	idx = used_file_indexes[i];
	str = utf16_to_enc(ArglistW[idx], NULL);
	if (str != NULL)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
	    /* When using diff mode may need to concatenate file name to
	     * directory name.  Just like it's done in main(). */
	    if (used_file_diff_mode && mch_isdir(str) && GARGCOUNT > 0
				      && !mch_isdir(alist_name(&GARGLIST[0])))
	    {
		char_u	    *r;

		r = concat_fnames(str, gettail(alist_name(&GARGLIST[0])), TRUE);
		if (r != NULL)
		{
		    vim_free(str);
		    str = r;
		}
	    }
#endif
	    /* Re-use the old buffer by renaming it.  When not using literal
	     * names it's done by alist_expand() below. */
	    if (used_file_literal)
		buf_set_name(fnum_list[i], str);

	    alist_add(&global_alist, str, used_file_literal ? 2 : 0);
	}
    }

    if (!used_file_literal)
    {
	/* Now expand wildcards in the arguments. */
	/* Temporarily add '(' and ')' to 'isfname'.  These are valid
	 * filename characters but are excluded from 'isfname' to make
	 * "gf" work on a file name in parenthesis (e.g.: see vim.h). */
	do_cmdline_cmd((char_u *)":let SaVe_ISF = &isf|set isf+=(,)");
	alist_expand(fnum_list, used_alist_count);
	do_cmdline_cmd((char_u *)":let &isf = SaVe_ISF|unlet SaVe_ISF");
    }

    /* If wildcard expansion failed, we are editing the first file of the
     * arglist and there is no file name: Edit the first argument now. */
    if (curwin->w_arg_idx == 0 && curbuf->b_fname == NULL)
    {
	do_cmdline_cmd((char_u *)":rewind");
	if (GARGCOUNT == 1 && used_file_full_path)
	    (void)vim_chdirfile(alist_name(&GARGLIST[0]));
    }

    set_alist_count();
}
#endif