buffer.c   [plain text]


/* vi:set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4:
 *
 * VIM - Vi IMproved	by Bram Moolenaar
 *
 * Do ":help uganda"  in Vim to read copying and usage conditions.
 * Do ":help credits" in Vim to see a list of people who contributed.
 * See README.txt for an overview of the Vim source code.
 */

/*
 * buffer.c: functions for dealing with the buffer structure
 */

/*
 * The buffer list is a double linked list of all buffers.
 * Each buffer can be in one of these states:
 * never loaded: BF_NEVERLOADED is set, only the file name is valid
 *   not loaded: b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL, no memfile allocated
 *	 hidden: b_nwindows == 0, loaded but not displayed in a window
 *	 normal: loaded and displayed in a window
 *
 * Instead of storing file names all over the place, each file name is
 * stored in the buffer list. It can be referenced by a number.
 *
 * The current implementation remembers all file names ever used.
 */

#include "vim.h"

#if defined(FEAT_CMDL_COMPL) || defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(FEAT_PERL)
static char_u	*buflist_match __ARGS((regprog_T *prog, buf_T *buf));
# define HAVE_BUFLIST_MATCH
static char_u	*fname_match __ARGS((regprog_T *prog, char_u *name));
#endif
static void	buflist_setfpos __ARGS((buf_T *buf, win_T *win, linenr_T lnum, colnr_T col, int copy_options));
static wininfo_T *find_wininfo __ARGS((buf_T *buf, int skip_diff_buffer));
#ifdef UNIX
static buf_T	*buflist_findname_stat __ARGS((char_u *ffname, struct stat *st));
static int	otherfile_buf __ARGS((buf_T *buf, char_u *ffname, struct stat *stp));
static int	buf_same_ino __ARGS((buf_T *buf, struct stat *stp));
#else
static int	otherfile_buf __ARGS((buf_T *buf, char_u *ffname));
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
static int	ti_change __ARGS((char_u *str, char_u **last));
#endif
static int	append_arg_number __ARGS((win_T *wp, char_u *buf, int buflen, int add_file));
static void	free_buffer __ARGS((buf_T *));
static void	free_buffer_stuff __ARGS((buf_T *buf, int free_options));
static void	clear_wininfo __ARGS((buf_T *buf));

#ifdef UNIX
# define dev_T dev_t
#else
# define dev_T unsigned
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_SIGNS)
static void insert_sign __ARGS((buf_T *buf, signlist_T *prev, signlist_T *next, int id, linenr_T lnum, int typenr));
static void buf_delete_signs __ARGS((buf_T *buf));
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_WINDOWS) && defined(FEAT_QUICKFIX)
static char *msg_loclist = N_("[Location List]");
static char *msg_qflist = N_("[Quickfix List]");
#endif

/*
 * Open current buffer, that is: open the memfile and read the file into
 * memory.
 * Return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise.
 */
    int
open_buffer(read_stdin, eap, flags)
    int		read_stdin;	    /* read file from stdin */
    exarg_T	*eap;		    /* for forced 'ff' and 'fenc' or NULL */
    int		flags;		    /* extra flags for readfile() */
{
    int		retval = OK;
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    buf_T	*old_curbuf;
#endif

    /*
     * The 'readonly' flag is only set when BF_NEVERLOADED is being reset.
     * When re-entering the same buffer, it should not change, because the
     * user may have reset the flag by hand.
     */
    if (readonlymode && curbuf->b_ffname != NULL
					&& (curbuf->b_flags & BF_NEVERLOADED))
	curbuf->b_p_ro = TRUE;

    if (ml_open(curbuf) == FAIL)
    {
	/*
	 * There MUST be a memfile, otherwise we can't do anything
	 * If we can't create one for the current buffer, take another buffer
	 */
	close_buffer(NULL, curbuf, 0);
	for (curbuf = firstbuf; curbuf != NULL; curbuf = curbuf->b_next)
	    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_mfp != NULL)
		break;
	/*
	 * if there is no memfile at all, exit
	 * This is OK, since there are no changes to lose.
	 */
	if (curbuf == NULL)
	{
	    EMSG(_("E82: Cannot allocate any buffer, exiting..."));
	    getout(2);
	}
	EMSG(_("E83: Cannot allocate buffer, using other one..."));
	enter_buffer(curbuf);
	return FAIL;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* The autocommands in readfile() may change the buffer, but only AFTER
     * reading the file. */
    old_curbuf = curbuf;
    modified_was_set = FALSE;
#endif

    /* mark cursor position as being invalid */
    curwin->w_valid = 0;

    if (curbuf->b_ffname != NULL
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	    && netbeansReadFile
#endif
       )
    {
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	int oldFire = netbeansFireChanges;

	netbeansFireChanges = 0;
#endif
	retval = readfile(curbuf->b_ffname, curbuf->b_fname,
		  (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)MAXLNUM, eap,
		  flags | READ_NEW);
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	netbeansFireChanges = oldFire;
#endif
	/* Help buffer is filtered. */
	if (curbuf->b_help)
	    fix_help_buffer();
    }
    else if (read_stdin)
    {
	int		save_bin = curbuf->b_p_bin;
	linenr_T	line_count;

	/*
	 * First read the text in binary mode into the buffer.
	 * Then read from that same buffer and append at the end.  This makes
	 * it possible to retry when 'fileformat' or 'fileencoding' was
	 * guessed wrong.
	 */
	curbuf->b_p_bin = TRUE;
	retval = readfile(NULL, NULL, (linenr_T)0,
		  (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)MAXLNUM, NULL,
		  flags | (READ_NEW + READ_STDIN));
	curbuf->b_p_bin = save_bin;
	if (retval == OK)
	{
	    line_count = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count;
	    retval = readfile(NULL, NULL, (linenr_T)line_count,
			    (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)MAXLNUM, eap,
			    flags | READ_BUFFER);
	    if (retval == OK)
	    {
		/* Delete the binary lines. */
		while (--line_count >= 0)
		    ml_delete((linenr_T)1, FALSE);
	    }
	    else
	    {
		/* Delete the converted lines. */
		while (curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count > line_count)
		    ml_delete(line_count, FALSE);
	    }
	    /* Put the cursor on the first line. */
	    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = 1;
	    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;

	    /* Set or reset 'modified' before executing autocommands, so that
	     * it can be changed there. */
	    if (!readonlymode && !bufempty())
		changed();
	    else if (retval != FAIL)
		unchanged(curbuf, FALSE);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	    apply_autocmds_retval(EVENT_STDINREADPOST, NULL, NULL, FALSE,
							curbuf, &retval);
# else
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_STDINREADPOST, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
# endif
#endif
	}
    }

    /* if first time loading this buffer, init b_chartab[] */
    if (curbuf->b_flags & BF_NEVERLOADED)
	(void)buf_init_chartab(curbuf, FALSE);

    /*
     * Set/reset the Changed flag first, autocmds may change the buffer.
     * Apply the automatic commands, before processing the modelines.
     * So the modelines have priority over auto commands.
     */
    /* When reading stdin, the buffer contents always needs writing, so set
     * the changed flag.  Unless in readonly mode: "ls | gview -".
     * When interrupted and 'cpoptions' contains 'i' set changed flag. */
    if ((got_int && vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_INTMOD) != NULL)
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
		|| modified_was_set	/* ":set modified" used in autocmd */
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
		|| (aborting() && vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_INTMOD) != NULL)
# endif
#endif
       )
	changed();
    else if (retval != FAIL && !read_stdin)
	unchanged(curbuf, FALSE);
    save_file_ff(curbuf);		/* keep this fileformat */

    /* require "!" to overwrite the file, because it wasn't read completely */
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (aborting())
#else
    if (got_int)
#endif
	curbuf->b_flags |= BF_READERR;

#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    /* Need to update automatic folding.  Do this before the autocommands,
     * they may use the fold info. */
    foldUpdateAll(curwin);
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* need to set w_topline, unless some autocommand already did that. */
    if (!(curwin->w_valid & VALID_TOPLINE))
    {
	curwin->w_topline = 1;
# ifdef FEAT_DIFF
	curwin->w_topfill = 0;
# endif
    }
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    apply_autocmds_retval(EVENT_BUFENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf, &retval);
# else
    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
# endif
#endif

    if (retval != FAIL)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	/*
	 * The autocommands may have changed the current buffer.  Apply the
	 * modelines to the correct buffer, if it still exists and is loaded.
	 */
	if (buf_valid(old_curbuf) && old_curbuf->b_ml.ml_mfp != NULL)
	{
	    aco_save_T	aco;

	    /* Go to the buffer that was opened. */
	    aucmd_prepbuf(&aco, old_curbuf);
#endif
	    do_modelines(0);
	    curbuf->b_flags &= ~(BF_CHECK_RO | BF_NEVERLOADED);

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	    apply_autocmds_retval(EVENT_BUFWINENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf,
								    &retval);
# else
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFWINENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
# endif

	    /* restore curwin/curbuf and a few other things */
	    aucmd_restbuf(&aco);
	}
#endif
    }

    return retval;
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if "buf" points to a valid buffer (in the buffer list).
 */
    int
buf_valid(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    buf_T	*bp;

    for (bp = firstbuf; bp != NULL; bp = bp->b_next)
	if (bp == buf)
	    return TRUE;
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Close the link to a buffer.
 * "action" is used when there is no longer a window for the buffer.
 * It can be:
 * 0			buffer becomes hidden
 * DOBUF_UNLOAD		buffer is unloaded
 * DOBUF_DELETE		buffer is unloaded and removed from buffer list
 * DOBUF_WIPE		buffer is unloaded and really deleted
 * When doing all but the first one on the current buffer, the caller should
 * get a new buffer very soon!
 *
 * The 'bufhidden' option can force freeing and deleting.
 */
    void
close_buffer(win, buf, action)
    win_T	*win;		/* if not NULL, set b_last_cursor */
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		action;
{
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    int		is_curbuf;
    int		nwindows;
#endif
    int		unload_buf = (action != 0);
    int		del_buf = (action == DOBUF_DEL || action == DOBUF_WIPE);
    int		wipe_buf = (action == DOBUF_WIPE);

#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
    /*
     * Force unloading or deleting when 'bufhidden' says so.
     * The caller must take care of NOT deleting/freeing when 'bufhidden' is
     * "hide" (otherwise we could never free or delete a buffer).
     */
    if (buf->b_p_bh[0] == 'd')		/* 'bufhidden' == "delete" */
    {
	del_buf = TRUE;
	unload_buf = TRUE;
    }
    else if (buf->b_p_bh[0] == 'w')	/* 'bufhidden' == "wipe" */
    {
	del_buf = TRUE;
	unload_buf = TRUE;
	wipe_buf = TRUE;
    }
    else if (buf->b_p_bh[0] == 'u')	/* 'bufhidden' == "unload" */
	unload_buf = TRUE;
#endif

    if (win != NULL)
    {
	/* Set b_last_cursor when closing the last window for the buffer.
	 * Remember the last cursor position and window options of the buffer.
	 * This used to be only for the current window, but then options like
	 * 'foldmethod' may be lost with a ":only" command. */
	if (buf->b_nwindows == 1)
	    set_last_cursor(win);
	buflist_setfpos(buf, win,
		    win->w_cursor.lnum == 1 ? 0 : win->w_cursor.lnum,
		    win->w_cursor.col, TRUE);
    }

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* When the buffer is no longer in a window, trigger BufWinLeave */
    if (buf->b_nwindows == 1)
    {
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFWINLEAVE, buf->b_fname, buf->b_fname,
								  FALSE, buf);
	if (!buf_valid(buf))	    /* autocommands may delete the buffer */
	    return;

	/* When the buffer becomes hidden, but is not unloaded, trigger
	 * BufHidden */
	if (!unload_buf)
	{
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFHIDDEN, buf->b_fname, buf->b_fname,
								  FALSE, buf);
	    if (!buf_valid(buf))	/* autocmds may delete the buffer */
		return;
	}
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	if (aborting())	    /* autocmds may abort script processing */
	    return;
# endif
    }
    nwindows = buf->b_nwindows;
#endif

    /* decrease the link count from windows (unless not in any window) */
    if (buf->b_nwindows > 0)
	--buf->b_nwindows;

    /* Return when a window is displaying the buffer or when it's not
     * unloaded. */
    if (buf->b_nwindows > 0 || !unload_buf)
	return;

    /* Always remove the buffer when there is no file name. */
    if (buf->b_ffname == NULL)
	del_buf = TRUE;

    /*
     * Free all things allocated for this buffer.
     * Also calls the "BufDelete" autocommands when del_buf is TRUE.
     */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* Remember if we are closing the current buffer.  Restore the number of
     * windows, so that autocommands in buf_freeall() don't get confused. */
    is_curbuf = (buf == curbuf);
    buf->b_nwindows = nwindows;
#endif

    buf_freeall(buf, (del_buf ? BFA_DEL : 0) + (wipe_buf ? BFA_WIPE : 0));

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* Autocommands may have deleted the buffer. */
    if (!buf_valid(buf))
	return;
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (aborting())	    /* autocmds may abort script processing */
	return;
# endif

    /* Autocommands may have opened or closed windows for this buffer.
     * Decrement the count for the close we do here. */
    if (buf->b_nwindows > 0)
	--buf->b_nwindows;

    /*
     * It's possible that autocommands change curbuf to the one being deleted.
     * This might cause the previous curbuf to be deleted unexpectedly.  But
     * in some cases it's OK to delete the curbuf, because a new one is
     * obtained anyway.  Therefore only return if curbuf changed to the
     * deleted buffer.
     */
    if (buf == curbuf && !is_curbuf)
	return;
#endif

    /* Change directories when the 'acd' option is set. */
    DO_AUTOCHDIR

    /*
     * Remove the buffer from the list.
     */
    if (wipe_buf)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_SUN_WORKSHOP
	if (usingSunWorkShop)
	    workshop_file_closed_lineno((char *)buf->b_ffname,
			(int)buf->b_last_cursor.lnum);
#endif
	vim_free(buf->b_ffname);
	vim_free(buf->b_sfname);
	if (buf->b_prev == NULL)
	    firstbuf = buf->b_next;
	else
	    buf->b_prev->b_next = buf->b_next;
	if (buf->b_next == NULL)
	    lastbuf = buf->b_prev;
	else
	    buf->b_next->b_prev = buf->b_prev;
	free_buffer(buf);
    }
    else
    {
	if (del_buf)
	{
	    /* Free all internal variables and reset option values, to make
	     * ":bdel" compatible with Vim 5.7. */
	    free_buffer_stuff(buf, TRUE);

	    /* Make it look like a new buffer. */
	    buf->b_flags = BF_CHECK_RO | BF_NEVERLOADED;

	    /* Init the options when loaded again. */
	    buf->b_p_initialized = FALSE;
	}
	buf_clear_file(buf);
	if (del_buf)
	    buf->b_p_bl = FALSE;
    }
}

/*
 * Make buffer not contain a file.
 */
    void
buf_clear_file(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    buf->b_ml.ml_line_count = 1;
    unchanged(buf, TRUE);
#ifndef SHORT_FNAME
    buf->b_shortname = FALSE;
#endif
    buf->b_p_eol = TRUE;
    buf->b_start_eol = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    buf->b_p_bomb = FALSE;
    buf->b_start_bomb = FALSE;
#endif
    buf->b_ml.ml_mfp = NULL;
    buf->b_ml.ml_flags = ML_EMPTY;		/* empty buffer */
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
    netbeans_deleted_all_lines(buf);
#endif
}

/*
 * buf_freeall() - free all things allocated for a buffer that are related to
 * the file.  flags:
 * BFA_DEL	  buffer is going to be deleted
 * BFA_WIPE	  buffer is going to be wiped out
 * BFA_KEEP_UNDO  do not free undo information
 */
    void
buf_freeall(buf, flags)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		flags;
{
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    int		is_curbuf = (buf == curbuf);

    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFUNLOAD, buf->b_fname, buf->b_fname, FALSE, buf);
    if (!buf_valid(buf))	    /* autocommands may delete the buffer */
	return;
    if ((flags & BFA_DEL) && buf->b_p_bl)
    {
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFDELETE, buf->b_fname, buf->b_fname, FALSE, buf);
	if (!buf_valid(buf))	    /* autocommands may delete the buffer */
	    return;
    }
    if (flags & BFA_WIPE)
    {
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFWIPEOUT, buf->b_fname, buf->b_fname,
								  FALSE, buf);
	if (!buf_valid(buf))	    /* autocommands may delete the buffer */
	    return;
    }
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (aborting())	    /* autocmds may abort script processing */
	return;
# endif

    /*
     * It's possible that autocommands change curbuf to the one being deleted.
     * This might cause curbuf to be deleted unexpectedly.  But in some cases
     * it's OK to delete the curbuf, because a new one is obtained anyway.
     * Therefore only return if curbuf changed to the deleted buffer.
     */
    if (buf == curbuf && !is_curbuf)
	return;
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
    diff_buf_delete(buf);	    /* Can't use 'diff' for unloaded buffer. */
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    /* No folds in an empty buffer. */
# ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    {
	win_T		*win;
	tabpage_T	*tp;

	FOR_ALL_TAB_WINDOWS(tp, win)
	    if (win->w_buffer == buf)
		clearFolding(win);
    }
# else
    if (curwin->w_buffer == buf)
	clearFolding(curwin);
# endif
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_TCL
    tcl_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
    ml_close(buf, TRUE);	    /* close and delete the memline/memfile */
    buf->b_ml.ml_line_count = 0;    /* no lines in buffer */
    if ((flags & BFA_KEEP_UNDO) == 0)
    {
	u_blockfree(buf);	    /* free the memory allocated for undo */
	u_clearall(buf);	    /* reset all undo information */
    }
#ifdef FEAT_SYN_HL
    syntax_clear(&buf->b_s);	    /* reset syntax info */
#endif
    buf->b_flags &= ~BF_READERR;    /* a read error is no longer relevant */
}

/*
 * Free a buffer structure and the things it contains related to the buffer
 * itself (not the file, that must have been done already).
 */
    static void
free_buffer(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    free_buffer_stuff(buf, TRUE);
#ifdef FEAT_LUA
    lua_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_MZSCHEME
    mzscheme_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_PERL
    perl_buf_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_PYTHON
    python_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_PYTHON3
    python3_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_RUBY
    ruby_buffer_free(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    aubuflocal_remove(buf);
#endif
    vim_free(buf);
}

/*
 * Free stuff in the buffer for ":bdel" and when wiping out the buffer.
 */
    static void
free_buffer_stuff(buf, free_options)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		free_options;		/* free options as well */
{
    if (free_options)
    {
	clear_wininfo(buf);		/* including window-local options */
	free_buf_options(buf, TRUE);
    }
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    vars_clear(&buf->b_vars.dv_hashtab); /* free all internal variables */
    hash_init(&buf->b_vars.dv_hashtab);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_USR_CMDS
    uc_clear(&buf->b_ucmds);		/* clear local user commands */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SIGNS
    buf_delete_signs(buf);		/* delete any signs */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
    netbeans_file_killed(buf);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_LOCALMAP
    map_clear_int(buf, MAP_ALL_MODES, TRUE, FALSE);  /* clear local mappings */
    map_clear_int(buf, MAP_ALL_MODES, TRUE, TRUE);   /* clear local abbrevs */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    vim_free(buf->b_start_fenc);
    buf->b_start_fenc = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SPELL
    ga_clear(&buf->b_s.b_langp);
#endif
}

/*
 * Free the b_wininfo list for buffer "buf".
 */
    static void
clear_wininfo(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    wininfo_T	*wip;

    while (buf->b_wininfo != NULL)
    {
	wip = buf->b_wininfo;
	buf->b_wininfo = wip->wi_next;
	if (wip->wi_optset)
	{
	    clear_winopt(&wip->wi_opt);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	    deleteFoldRecurse(&wip->wi_folds);
#endif
	}
	vim_free(wip);
    }
}

#if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Go to another buffer.  Handles the result of the ATTENTION dialog.
 */
    void
goto_buffer(eap, start, dir, count)
    exarg_T	*eap;
    int		start;
    int		dir;
    int		count;
{
# if defined(FEAT_WINDOWS) && defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION)
    buf_T	*old_curbuf = curbuf;

    swap_exists_action = SEA_DIALOG;
# endif
    (void)do_buffer(*eap->cmd == 's' ? DOBUF_SPLIT : DOBUF_GOTO,
					     start, dir, count, eap->forceit);
# if defined(FEAT_WINDOWS) && defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION)
    if (swap_exists_action == SEA_QUIT && *eap->cmd == 's')
    {
#  if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	cleanup_T   cs;

	/* Reset the error/interrupt/exception state here so that
	 * aborting() returns FALSE when closing a window. */
	enter_cleanup(&cs);
#  endif

	/* Quitting means closing the split window, nothing else. */
	win_close(curwin, TRUE);
	swap_exists_action = SEA_NONE;
	swap_exists_did_quit = TRUE;

#  if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	/* Restore the error/interrupt/exception state if not discarded by a
	 * new aborting error, interrupt, or uncaught exception. */
	leave_cleanup(&cs);
#  endif
    }
    else
	handle_swap_exists(old_curbuf);
# endif
}
#endif

#if defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Handle the situation of swap_exists_action being set.
 * It is allowed for "old_curbuf" to be NULL or invalid.
 */
    void
handle_swap_exists(old_curbuf)
    buf_T	*old_curbuf;
{
# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
    cleanup_T	cs;
# endif

    if (swap_exists_action == SEA_QUIT)
    {
# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	/* Reset the error/interrupt/exception state here so that
	 * aborting() returns FALSE when closing a buffer. */
	enter_cleanup(&cs);
# endif

	/* User selected Quit at ATTENTION prompt.  Go back to previous
	 * buffer.  If that buffer is gone or the same as the current one,
	 * open a new, empty buffer. */
	swap_exists_action = SEA_NONE;	/* don't want it again */
	swap_exists_did_quit = TRUE;
	close_buffer(curwin, curbuf, DOBUF_UNLOAD);
	if (!buf_valid(old_curbuf) || old_curbuf == curbuf)
	    old_curbuf = buflist_new(NULL, NULL, 1L, BLN_CURBUF | BLN_LISTED);
	if (old_curbuf != NULL)
	    enter_buffer(old_curbuf);
	/* If "old_curbuf" is NULL we are in big trouble here... */

# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	/* Restore the error/interrupt/exception state if not discarded by a
	 * new aborting error, interrupt, or uncaught exception. */
	leave_cleanup(&cs);
# endif
    }
    else if (swap_exists_action == SEA_RECOVER)
    {
# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	/* Reset the error/interrupt/exception state here so that
	 * aborting() returns FALSE when closing a buffer. */
	enter_cleanup(&cs);
# endif

	/* User selected Recover at ATTENTION prompt. */
	msg_scroll = TRUE;
	ml_recover();
	MSG_PUTS("\n");	/* don't overwrite the last message */
	cmdline_row = msg_row;
	do_modelines(0);

# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	/* Restore the error/interrupt/exception state if not discarded by a
	 * new aborting error, interrupt, or uncaught exception. */
	leave_cleanup(&cs);
# endif
    }
    swap_exists_action = SEA_NONE;
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * do_bufdel() - delete or unload buffer(s)
 *
 * addr_count == 0: ":bdel" - delete current buffer
 * addr_count == 1: ":N bdel" or ":bdel N [N ..]" - first delete
 *		    buffer "end_bnr", then any other arguments.
 * addr_count == 2: ":N,N bdel" - delete buffers in range
 *
 * command can be DOBUF_UNLOAD (":bunload"), DOBUF_WIPE (":bwipeout") or
 * DOBUF_DEL (":bdel")
 *
 * Returns error message or NULL
 */
    char_u *
do_bufdel(command, arg, addr_count, start_bnr, end_bnr, forceit)
    int		command;
    char_u	*arg;		/* pointer to extra arguments */
    int		addr_count;
    int		start_bnr;	/* first buffer number in a range */
    int		end_bnr;	/* buffer nr or last buffer nr in a range */
    int		forceit;
{
    int		do_current = 0;	/* delete current buffer? */
    int		deleted = 0;	/* number of buffers deleted */
    char_u	*errormsg = NULL; /* return value */
    int		bnr;		/* buffer number */
    char_u	*p;

    if (addr_count == 0)
    {
	(void)do_buffer(command, DOBUF_CURRENT, FORWARD, 0, forceit);
    }
    else
    {
	if (addr_count == 2)
	{
	    if (*arg)		/* both range and argument is not allowed */
		return (char_u *)_(e_trailing);
	    bnr = start_bnr;
	}
	else	/* addr_count == 1 */
	    bnr = end_bnr;

	for ( ;!got_int; ui_breakcheck())
	{
	    /*
	     * delete the current buffer last, otherwise when the
	     * current buffer is deleted, the next buffer becomes
	     * the current one and will be loaded, which may then
	     * also be deleted, etc.
	     */
	    if (bnr == curbuf->b_fnum)
		do_current = bnr;
	    else if (do_buffer(command, DOBUF_FIRST, FORWARD, (int)bnr,
							       forceit) == OK)
		++deleted;

	    /*
	     * find next buffer number to delete/unload
	     */
	    if (addr_count == 2)
	    {
		if (++bnr > end_bnr)
		    break;
	    }
	    else    /* addr_count == 1 */
	    {
		arg = skipwhite(arg);
		if (*arg == NUL)
		    break;
		if (!VIM_ISDIGIT(*arg))
		{
		    p = skiptowhite_esc(arg);
		    bnr = buflist_findpat(arg, p, command == DOBUF_WIPE, FALSE);
		    if (bnr < 0)	    /* failed */
			break;
		    arg = p;
		}
		else
		    bnr = getdigits(&arg);
	    }
	}
	if (!got_int && do_current && do_buffer(command, DOBUF_FIRST,
					  FORWARD, do_current, forceit) == OK)
	    ++deleted;

	if (deleted == 0)
	{
	    if (command == DOBUF_UNLOAD)
		STRCPY(IObuff, _("E515: No buffers were unloaded"));
	    else if (command == DOBUF_DEL)
		STRCPY(IObuff, _("E516: No buffers were deleted"));
	    else
		STRCPY(IObuff, _("E517: No buffers were wiped out"));
	    errormsg = IObuff;
	}
	else if (deleted >= p_report)
	{
	    if (command == DOBUF_UNLOAD)
	    {
		if (deleted == 1)
		    MSG(_("1 buffer unloaded"));
		else
		    smsg((char_u *)_("%d buffers unloaded"), deleted);
	    }
	    else if (command == DOBUF_DEL)
	    {
		if (deleted == 1)
		    MSG(_("1 buffer deleted"));
		else
		    smsg((char_u *)_("%d buffers deleted"), deleted);
	    }
	    else
	    {
		if (deleted == 1)
		    MSG(_("1 buffer wiped out"));
		else
		    smsg((char_u *)_("%d buffers wiped out"), deleted);
	    }
	}
    }


    return errormsg;
}

/*
 * Implementation of the commands for the buffer list.
 *
 * action == DOBUF_GOTO	    go to specified buffer
 * action == DOBUF_SPLIT    split window and go to specified buffer
 * action == DOBUF_UNLOAD   unload specified buffer(s)
 * action == DOBUF_DEL	    delete specified buffer(s) from buffer list
 * action == DOBUF_WIPE	    delete specified buffer(s) really
 *
 * start == DOBUF_CURRENT   go to "count" buffer from current buffer
 * start == DOBUF_FIRST	    go to "count" buffer from first buffer
 * start == DOBUF_LAST	    go to "count" buffer from last buffer
 * start == DOBUF_MOD	    go to "count" modified buffer from current buffer
 *
 * Return FAIL or OK.
 */
    int
do_buffer(action, start, dir, count, forceit)
    int		action;
    int		start;
    int		dir;		/* FORWARD or BACKWARD */
    int		count;		/* buffer number or number of buffers */
    int		forceit;	/* TRUE for :...! */
{
    buf_T	*buf;
    buf_T	*bp;
    int		unload = (action == DOBUF_UNLOAD || action == DOBUF_DEL
						     || action == DOBUF_WIPE);

    switch (start)
    {
	case DOBUF_FIRST:   buf = firstbuf; break;
	case DOBUF_LAST:    buf = lastbuf;  break;
	default:	    buf = curbuf;   break;
    }
    if (start == DOBUF_MOD)	    /* find next modified buffer */
    {
	while (count-- > 0)
	{
	    do
	    {
		buf = buf->b_next;
		if (buf == NULL)
		    buf = firstbuf;
	    }
	    while (buf != curbuf && !bufIsChanged(buf));
	}
	if (!bufIsChanged(buf))
	{
	    EMSG(_("E84: No modified buffer found"));
	    return FAIL;
	}
    }
    else if (start == DOBUF_FIRST && count) /* find specified buffer number */
    {
	while (buf != NULL && buf->b_fnum != count)
	    buf = buf->b_next;
    }
    else
    {
	bp = NULL;
	while (count > 0 || (!unload && !buf->b_p_bl && bp != buf))
	{
	    /* remember the buffer where we start, we come back there when all
	     * buffers are unlisted. */
	    if (bp == NULL)
		bp = buf;
	    if (dir == FORWARD)
	    {
		buf = buf->b_next;
		if (buf == NULL)
		    buf = firstbuf;
	    }
	    else
	    {
		buf = buf->b_prev;
		if (buf == NULL)
		    buf = lastbuf;
	    }
	    /* don't count unlisted buffers */
	    if (unload || buf->b_p_bl)
	    {
		 --count;
		 bp = NULL;	/* use this buffer as new starting point */
	    }
	    if (bp == buf)
	    {
		/* back where we started, didn't find anything. */
		EMSG(_("E85: There is no listed buffer"));
		return FAIL;
	    }
	}
    }

    if (buf == NULL)	    /* could not find it */
    {
	if (start == DOBUF_FIRST)
	{
	    /* don't warn when deleting */
	    if (!unload)
		EMSGN(_("E86: Buffer %ld does not exist"), count);
	}
	else if (dir == FORWARD)
	    EMSG(_("E87: Cannot go beyond last buffer"));
	else
	    EMSG(_("E88: Cannot go before first buffer"));
	return FAIL;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_GUI
    need_mouse_correct = TRUE;
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_LISTCMDS
    /*
     * delete buffer buf from memory and/or the list
     */
    if (unload)
    {
	int	forward;
	int	retval;

	/* When unloading or deleting a buffer that's already unloaded and
	 * unlisted: fail silently. */
	if (action != DOBUF_WIPE && buf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL && !buf->b_p_bl)
	    return FAIL;

	if (!forceit && bufIsChanged(buf))
	{
#if defined(FEAT_GUI_DIALOG) || defined(FEAT_CON_DIALOG)
	    if ((p_confirm || cmdmod.confirm) && p_write)
	    {
		dialog_changed(buf, FALSE);
# ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
		if (!buf_valid(buf))
		    /* Autocommand deleted buffer, oops!  It's not changed
		     * now. */
		    return FAIL;
# endif
		/* If it's still changed fail silently, the dialog already
		 * mentioned why it fails. */
		if (bufIsChanged(buf))
		    return FAIL;
	    }
	    else
#endif
	    {
		EMSGN(_("E89: No write since last change for buffer %ld (add ! to override)"),
								 buf->b_fnum);
		return FAIL;
	    }
	}

	/*
	 * If deleting the last (listed) buffer, make it empty.
	 * The last (listed) buffer cannot be unloaded.
	 */
	for (bp = firstbuf; bp != NULL; bp = bp->b_next)
	    if (bp->b_p_bl && bp != buf)
		break;
	if (bp == NULL && buf == curbuf)
	{
	    if (action == DOBUF_UNLOAD)
	    {
		EMSG(_("E90: Cannot unload last buffer"));
		return FAIL;
	    }

	    /* Close any other windows on this buffer, then make it empty. */
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	    close_windows(buf, TRUE);
#endif
	    setpcmark();
	    retval = do_ecmd(0, NULL, NULL, NULL, ECMD_ONE,
					  forceit ? ECMD_FORCEIT : 0, curwin);

	    /*
	     * do_ecmd() may create a new buffer, then we have to delete
	     * the old one.  But do_ecmd() may have done that already, check
	     * if the buffer still exists.
	     */
	    if (buf != curbuf && buf_valid(buf) && buf->b_nwindows == 0)
		close_buffer(NULL, buf, action);
	    return retval;
	}

#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	/*
	 * If the deleted buffer is the current one, close the current window
	 * (unless it's the only window).  Repeat this so long as we end up in
	 * a window with this buffer.
	 */
	while (buf == curbuf
		   && (firstwin != lastwin || first_tabpage->tp_next != NULL))
	    win_close(curwin, FALSE);
#endif

	/*
	 * If the buffer to be deleted is not the current one, delete it here.
	 */
	if (buf != curbuf)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	    close_windows(buf, FALSE);
#endif
	    if (buf != curbuf && buf_valid(buf) && buf->b_nwindows <= 0)
		close_buffer(NULL, buf, action);
	    return OK;
	}

	/*
	 * Deleting the current buffer: Need to find another buffer to go to.
	 * There must be another, otherwise it would have been handled above.
	 * First use au_new_curbuf, if it is valid.
	 * Then prefer the buffer we most recently visited.
	 * Else try to find one that is loaded, after the current buffer,
	 * then before the current buffer.
	 * Finally use any buffer.
	 */
	buf = NULL;	/* selected buffer */
	bp = NULL;	/* used when no loaded buffer found */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	if (au_new_curbuf != NULL && buf_valid(au_new_curbuf))
	    buf = au_new_curbuf;
# ifdef FEAT_JUMPLIST
	else
# endif
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_JUMPLIST
	    if (curwin->w_jumplistlen > 0)
	{
	    int     jumpidx;

	    jumpidx = curwin->w_jumplistidx - 1;
	    if (jumpidx < 0)
		jumpidx = curwin->w_jumplistlen - 1;

	    forward = jumpidx;
	    while (jumpidx != curwin->w_jumplistidx)
	    {
		buf = buflist_findnr(curwin->w_jumplist[jumpidx].fmark.fnum);
		if (buf != NULL)
		{
		    if (buf == curbuf || !buf->b_p_bl)
			buf = NULL;	/* skip current and unlisted bufs */
		    else if (buf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL)
		    {
			/* skip unloaded buf, but may keep it for later */
			if (bp == NULL)
			    bp = buf;
			buf = NULL;
		    }
		}
		if (buf != NULL)   /* found a valid buffer: stop searching */
		    break;
		/* advance to older entry in jump list */
		if (!jumpidx && curwin->w_jumplistidx == curwin->w_jumplistlen)
		    break;
		if (--jumpidx < 0)
		    jumpidx = curwin->w_jumplistlen - 1;
		if (jumpidx == forward)		/* List exhausted for sure */
		    break;
	    }
	}
#endif

	if (buf == NULL)	/* No previous buffer, Try 2'nd approach */
	{
	    forward = TRUE;
	    buf = curbuf->b_next;
	    for (;;)
	    {
		if (buf == NULL)
		{
		    if (!forward)	/* tried both directions */
			break;
		    buf = curbuf->b_prev;
		    forward = FALSE;
		    continue;
		}
		/* in non-help buffer, try to skip help buffers, and vv */
		if (buf->b_help == curbuf->b_help && buf->b_p_bl)
		{
		    if (buf->b_ml.ml_mfp != NULL)   /* found loaded buffer */
			break;
		    if (bp == NULL)	/* remember unloaded buf for later */
			bp = buf;
		}
		if (forward)
		    buf = buf->b_next;
		else
		    buf = buf->b_prev;
	    }
	}
	if (buf == NULL)	/* No loaded buffer, use unloaded one */
	    buf = bp;
	if (buf == NULL)	/* No loaded buffer, find listed one */
	{
	    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
		if (buf->b_p_bl && buf != curbuf)
		    break;
	}
	if (buf == NULL)	/* Still no buffer, just take one */
	{
	    if (curbuf->b_next != NULL)
		buf = curbuf->b_next;
	    else
		buf = curbuf->b_prev;
	}
    }

    /*
     * make buf current buffer
     */
    if (action == DOBUF_SPLIT)	    /* split window first */
    {
# ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	/* If 'switchbuf' contains "useopen": jump to first window containing
	 * "buf" if one exists */
	if ((swb_flags & SWB_USEOPEN) && buf_jump_open_win(buf))
	    return OK;
	/* If 'switchbuf' contains "usetab": jump to first window in any tab
	 * page containing "buf" if one exists */
	if ((swb_flags & SWB_USETAB) && buf_jump_open_tab(buf))
	    return OK;
	if (win_split(0, 0) == FAIL)
# endif
	    return FAIL;
    }
#endif

    /* go to current buffer - nothing to do */
    if (buf == curbuf)
	return OK;

    /*
     * Check if the current buffer may be abandoned.
     */
    if (action == DOBUF_GOTO && !can_abandon(curbuf, forceit))
    {
#if defined(FEAT_GUI_DIALOG) || defined(FEAT_CON_DIALOG)
	if ((p_confirm || cmdmod.confirm) && p_write)
	{
	    dialog_changed(curbuf, FALSE);
# ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    if (!buf_valid(buf))
		/* Autocommand deleted buffer, oops! */
		return FAIL;
# endif
	}
	if (bufIsChanged(curbuf))
#endif
	{
	    EMSG(_(e_nowrtmsg));
	    return FAIL;
	}
    }

    /* Go to the other buffer. */
    set_curbuf(buf, action);

#if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) && defined(FEAT_SCROLLBIND)
    if (action == DOBUF_SPLIT)
	curwin->w_p_scb = FALSE;	/* reset 'scrollbind' */
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
    if (aborting())	    /* autocmds may abort script processing */
	return FAIL;
#endif

    return OK;
}

#endif /* FEAT_LISTCMDS */

/*
 * Set current buffer to "buf".  Executes autocommands and closes current
 * buffer.  "action" tells how to close the current buffer:
 * DOBUF_GOTO	    free or hide it
 * DOBUF_SPLIT	    nothing
 * DOBUF_UNLOAD	    unload it
 * DOBUF_DEL	    delete it
 * DOBUF_WIPE	    wipe it out
 */
    void
set_curbuf(buf, action)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		action;
{
    buf_T	*prevbuf;
    int		unload = (action == DOBUF_UNLOAD || action == DOBUF_DEL
						     || action == DOBUF_WIPE);

    setpcmark();
    if (!cmdmod.keepalt)
	curwin->w_alt_fnum = curbuf->b_fnum; /* remember alternate file */
    buflist_altfpos(curwin);			 /* remember curpos */

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    /* Don't restart Select mode after switching to another buffer. */
    VIsual_reselect = FALSE;
#endif

    /* close_windows() or apply_autocmds() may change curbuf */
    prevbuf = curbuf;

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFLEAVE, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (buf_valid(prevbuf) && !aborting())
# else
    if (buf_valid(prevbuf))
# endif
#endif
    {
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	if (unload)
	    close_windows(prevbuf, FALSE);
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	if (buf_valid(prevbuf) && !aborting())
#else
	if (buf_valid(prevbuf))
#endif
	{
	    if (prevbuf == curbuf)
		u_sync(FALSE);
	    close_buffer(prevbuf == curwin->w_buffer ? curwin : NULL, prevbuf,
		    unload ? action : (action == DOBUF_GOTO
			&& !P_HID(prevbuf)
			&& !bufIsChanged(prevbuf)) ? DOBUF_UNLOAD : 0);
	}
    }
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* An autocommand may have deleted "buf", already entered it (e.g., when
     * it did ":bunload") or aborted the script processing! */
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (buf_valid(buf) && buf != curbuf && !aborting())
# else
    if (buf_valid(buf) && buf != curbuf)
# endif
#endif
	enter_buffer(buf);
}

/*
 * Enter a new current buffer.
 * Old curbuf must have been abandoned already!
 */
    void
enter_buffer(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    /* Copy buffer and window local option values.  Not for a help buffer. */
    buf_copy_options(buf, BCO_ENTER | BCO_NOHELP);
    if (!buf->b_help)
	get_winopts(buf);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    else
	/* Remove all folds in the window. */
	clearFolding(curwin);
    foldUpdateAll(curwin);	/* update folds (later). */
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_SYN_HL
    reset_synblock(curwin);
    curwin->w_s = &(buf->b_s);
#endif
    /* Get the buffer in the current window. */
    curwin->w_buffer = buf;
    curbuf = buf;
    ++curbuf->b_nwindows;

#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
    if (curwin->w_p_diff)
	diff_buf_add(curbuf);
#endif

    /* Cursor on first line by default. */
    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = 1;
    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
    curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
#endif
    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    curwin->w_topline_was_set = FALSE;
#endif

    /* mark cursor position as being invalid */
    curwin->w_valid = 0;

    /* Make sure the buffer is loaded. */
    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL)	/* need to load the file */
    {
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	/* If there is no filetype, allow for detecting one.  Esp. useful for
	 * ":ball" used in a autocommand.  If there already is a filetype we
	 * might prefer to keep it. */
	if (*curbuf->b_p_ft == NUL)
	    did_filetype = FALSE;
#endif

	open_buffer(FALSE, NULL, 0);
    }
    else
    {
	if (!msg_silent)
	    need_fileinfo = TRUE;	/* display file info after redraw */
	(void)buf_check_timestamp(curbuf, FALSE); /* check if file changed */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	curwin->w_topline = 1;
# ifdef FEAT_DIFF
	curwin->w_topfill = 0;
# endif
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFWINENTER, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
#endif
    }

    /* If autocommands did not change the cursor position, restore cursor lnum
     * and possibly cursor col. */
    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum == 1 && inindent(0))
	buflist_getfpos();

    check_arg_idx(curwin);		/* check for valid arg_idx */
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    maketitle();
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	/* when autocmds didn't change it */
    if (curwin->w_topline == 1 && !curwin->w_topline_was_set)
#endif
	scroll_cursor_halfway(FALSE);	/* redisplay at correct position */

#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
    /* Send fileOpened event because we've changed buffers. */
    netbeans_file_activated(curbuf);
#endif

    /* Change directories when the 'acd' option is set. */
    DO_AUTOCHDIR

#ifdef FEAT_KEYMAP
    if (curbuf->b_kmap_state & KEYMAP_INIT)
	(void)keymap_init();
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SPELL
    /* May need to set the spell language.  Can only do this after the buffer
     * has been properly setup. */
    if (!curbuf->b_help && curwin->w_p_spell && *curwin->w_s->b_p_spl != NUL)
	(void)did_set_spelllang(curwin);
#endif

    redraw_later(NOT_VALID);
}

#if defined(FEAT_AUTOCHDIR) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Change to the directory of the current buffer.
 */
    void
do_autochdir()
{
    if (curbuf->b_ffname != NULL && vim_chdirfile(curbuf->b_ffname) == OK)
	shorten_fnames(TRUE);
}
#endif

/*
 * functions for dealing with the buffer list
 */

/*
 * Add a file name to the buffer list.  Return a pointer to the buffer.
 * If the same file name already exists return a pointer to that buffer.
 * If it does not exist, or if fname == NULL, a new entry is created.
 * If (flags & BLN_CURBUF) is TRUE, may use current buffer.
 * If (flags & BLN_LISTED) is TRUE, add new buffer to buffer list.
 * If (flags & BLN_DUMMY) is TRUE, don't count it as a real buffer.
 * This is the ONLY way to create a new buffer.
 */
static int  top_file_num = 1;		/* highest file number */

    buf_T *
buflist_new(ffname, sfname, lnum, flags)
    char_u	*ffname;	/* full path of fname or relative */
    char_u	*sfname;	/* short fname or NULL */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* preferred cursor line */
    int		flags;		/* BLN_ defines */
{
    buf_T	*buf;
#ifdef UNIX
    struct stat	st;
#endif

    fname_expand(curbuf, &ffname, &sfname);	/* will allocate ffname */

    /*
     * If file name already exists in the list, update the entry.
     */
#ifdef UNIX
    /* On Unix we can use inode numbers when the file exists.  Works better
     * for hard links. */
    if (sfname == NULL || mch_stat((char *)sfname, &st) < 0)
	st.st_dev = (dev_T)-1;
#endif
    if (ffname != NULL && !(flags & BLN_DUMMY) && (buf =
#ifdef UNIX
		buflist_findname_stat(ffname, &st)
#else
		buflist_findname(ffname)
#endif
		) != NULL)
    {
	vim_free(ffname);
	if (lnum != 0)
	    buflist_setfpos(buf, curwin, lnum, (colnr_T)0, FALSE);
	/* copy the options now, if 'cpo' doesn't have 's' and not done
	 * already */
	buf_copy_options(buf, 0);
	if ((flags & BLN_LISTED) && !buf->b_p_bl)
	{
	    buf->b_p_bl = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    if (!(flags & BLN_DUMMY))
		apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFADD, NULL, NULL, FALSE, buf);
#endif
	}
	return buf;
    }

    /*
     * If the current buffer has no name and no contents, use the current
     * buffer.	Otherwise: Need to allocate a new buffer structure.
     *
     * This is the ONLY place where a new buffer structure is allocated!
     * (A spell file buffer is allocated in spell.c, but that's not a normal
     * buffer.)
     */
    buf = NULL;
    if ((flags & BLN_CURBUF)
	    && curbuf != NULL
	    && curbuf->b_ffname == NULL
	    && curbuf->b_nwindows <= 1
	    && (curbuf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL || bufempty()))
    {
	buf = curbuf;
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	/* It's like this buffer is deleted.  Watch out for autocommands that
	 * change curbuf!  If that happens, allocate a new buffer anyway. */
	if (curbuf->b_p_bl)
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFDELETE, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
	if (buf == curbuf)
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFWIPEOUT, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	if (aborting())		/* autocmds may abort script processing */
	    return NULL;
# endif
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
# ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	if (buf == curbuf)
# endif
	{
	    /* Make sure 'bufhidden' and 'buftype' are empty */
	    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_bh);
	    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_bt);
	}
#endif
    }
    if (buf != curbuf || curbuf == NULL)
    {
	buf = (buf_T *)alloc_clear((unsigned)sizeof(buf_T));
	if (buf == NULL)
	{
	    vim_free(ffname);
	    return NULL;
	}
    }

    if (ffname != NULL)
    {
	buf->b_ffname = ffname;
	buf->b_sfname = vim_strsave(sfname);
    }

    clear_wininfo(buf);
    buf->b_wininfo = (wininfo_T *)alloc_clear((unsigned)sizeof(wininfo_T));

    if ((ffname != NULL && (buf->b_ffname == NULL || buf->b_sfname == NULL))
	    || buf->b_wininfo == NULL)
    {
	vim_free(buf->b_ffname);
	buf->b_ffname = NULL;
	vim_free(buf->b_sfname);
	buf->b_sfname = NULL;
	if (buf != curbuf)
	    free_buffer(buf);
	return NULL;
    }

    if (buf == curbuf)
    {
	/* free all things allocated for this buffer */
	buf_freeall(buf, 0);
	if (buf != curbuf)	 /* autocommands deleted the buffer! */
	    return NULL;
#if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
	if (aborting())		/* autocmds may abort script processing */
	    return NULL;
#endif
	/* buf->b_nwindows = 0; why was this here? */
	free_buffer_stuff(buf, FALSE);	/* delete local variables et al. */
#ifdef FEAT_KEYMAP
	/* need to reload lmaps and set b:keymap_name */
	curbuf->b_kmap_state |= KEYMAP_INIT;
#endif
    }
    else
    {
	/*
	 * put new buffer at the end of the buffer list
	 */
	buf->b_next = NULL;
	if (firstbuf == NULL)		/* buffer list is empty */
	{
	    buf->b_prev = NULL;
	    firstbuf = buf;
	}
	else				/* append new buffer at end of list */
	{
	    lastbuf->b_next = buf;
	    buf->b_prev = lastbuf;
	}
	lastbuf = buf;

	buf->b_fnum = top_file_num++;
	if (top_file_num < 0)		/* wrap around (may cause duplicates) */
	{
	    EMSG(_("W14: Warning: List of file names overflow"));
	    if (emsg_silent == 0)
	    {
		out_flush();
		ui_delay(3000L, TRUE);	/* make sure it is noticed */
	    }
	    top_file_num = 1;
	}

	/*
	 * Always copy the options from the current buffer.
	 */
	buf_copy_options(buf, BCO_ALWAYS);
    }

    buf->b_wininfo->wi_fpos.lnum = lnum;
    buf->b_wininfo->wi_win = curwin;

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    init_var_dict(&buf->b_vars, &buf->b_bufvar);    /* init b: variables */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SYN_HL
    hash_init(&buf->b_s.b_keywtab);
    hash_init(&buf->b_s.b_keywtab_ic);
#endif

    buf->b_fname = buf->b_sfname;
#ifdef UNIX
    if (st.st_dev == (dev_T)-1)
	buf->b_dev_valid = FALSE;
    else
    {
	buf->b_dev_valid = TRUE;
	buf->b_dev = st.st_dev;
	buf->b_ino = st.st_ino;
    }
#endif
    buf->b_u_synced = TRUE;
    buf->b_flags = BF_CHECK_RO | BF_NEVERLOADED;
    if (flags & BLN_DUMMY)
	buf->b_flags |= BF_DUMMY;
    buf_clear_file(buf);
    clrallmarks(buf);			/* clear marks */
    fmarks_check_names(buf);		/* check file marks for this file */
    buf->b_p_bl = (flags & BLN_LISTED) ? TRUE : FALSE;	/* init 'buflisted' */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    if (!(flags & BLN_DUMMY))
    {
	apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFNEW, NULL, NULL, FALSE, buf);
	if (flags & BLN_LISTED)
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFADD, NULL, NULL, FALSE, buf);
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	if (aborting())		/* autocmds may abort script processing */
	    return NULL;
# endif
    }
#endif

    return buf;
}

/*
 * Free the memory for the options of a buffer.
 * If "free_p_ff" is TRUE also free 'fileformat', 'buftype' and
 * 'fileencoding'.
 */
    void
free_buf_options(buf, free_p_ff)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		free_p_ff;
{
    if (free_p_ff)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_fenc);
#endif
	clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_ff);
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
	clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_bh);
	clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_bt);
#endif
    }
#ifdef FEAT_FIND_ID
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_def);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_inc);
# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_inex);
# endif
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_CINDENT) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_inde);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_indk);
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_BEVAL) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_bexpr);
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_CRYPT)
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cm);
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_EVAL)
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_fex);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_CRYPT
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_key);
#endif
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_kp);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_mps);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_fo);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_flp);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_isk);
#ifdef FEAT_KEYMAP
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_keymap);
    ga_clear(&buf->b_kmap_ga);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_com);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cms);
#endif
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_nf);
#ifdef FEAT_SYN_HL
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_syn);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SPELL
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_s.b_p_spc);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_s.b_p_spf);
    vim_free(buf->b_s.b_cap_prog);
    buf->b_s.b_cap_prog = NULL;
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_s.b_p_spl);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_SEARCHPATH
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_sua);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_ft);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_OSFILETYPE
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_oft);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_CINDENT
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cink);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cino);
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_CINDENT) || defined(FEAT_SMARTINDENT)
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cinw);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_INS_EXPAND
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cpt);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_COMPL_FUNC
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_cfu);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_ofu);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_gp);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_mp);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_efm);
#endif
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_ep);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_path);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_tags);
#ifdef FEAT_INS_EXPAND
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_dict);
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_tsr);
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_TEXTOBJ
    clear_string_option(&buf->b_p_qe);
#endif
    buf->b_p_ar = -1;
}

/*
 * get alternate file n
 * set linenr to lnum or altfpos.lnum if lnum == 0
 *	also set cursor column to altfpos.col if 'startofline' is not set.
 * if (options & GETF_SETMARK) call setpcmark()
 * if (options & GETF_ALT) we are jumping to an alternate file.
 * if (options & GETF_SWITCH) respect 'switchbuf' settings when jumping
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK for success
 */
    int
buflist_getfile(n, lnum, options, forceit)
    int		n;
    linenr_T	lnum;
    int		options;
    int		forceit;
{
    buf_T	*buf;
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    win_T	*wp = NULL;
#endif
    pos_T	*fpos;
    colnr_T	col;

    buf = buflist_findnr(n);
    if (buf == NULL)
    {
	if ((options & GETF_ALT) && n == 0)
	    EMSG(_(e_noalt));
	else
	    EMSGN(_("E92: Buffer %ld not found"), n);
	return FAIL;
    }

    /* if alternate file is the current buffer, nothing to do */
    if (buf == curbuf)
	return OK;

    if (text_locked())
    {
	text_locked_msg();
	return FAIL;
    }
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    if (curbuf_locked())
	return FAIL;
#endif

    /* altfpos may be changed by getfile(), get it now */
    if (lnum == 0)
    {
	fpos = buflist_findfpos(buf);
	lnum = fpos->lnum;
	col = fpos->col;
    }
    else
	col = 0;

#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    if (options & GETF_SWITCH)
    {
	/* If 'switchbuf' contains "useopen": jump to first window containing
	 * "buf" if one exists */
	if (swb_flags & SWB_USEOPEN)
	    wp = buf_jump_open_win(buf);
	/* If 'switchbuf' contians "usetab": jump to first window in any tab
	 * page containing "buf" if one exists */
	if (wp == NULL && (swb_flags & SWB_USETAB))
	    wp = buf_jump_open_tab(buf);
	/* If 'switchbuf' contains "split" or "newtab" and the current buffer
	 * isn't empty: open new window */
	if (wp == NULL && (swb_flags & (SWB_SPLIT | SWB_NEWTAB)) && !bufempty())
	{
	    if (swb_flags & SWB_NEWTAB)		/* Open in a new tab */
		tabpage_new();
	    else if (win_split(0, 0) == FAIL)	/* Open in a new window */
		return FAIL;
# ifdef FEAT_SCROLLBIND
	    curwin->w_p_scb = FALSE;
# endif
	}
    }
#endif

    ++RedrawingDisabled;
    if (getfile(buf->b_fnum, NULL, NULL, (options & GETF_SETMARK),
							  lnum, forceit) <= 0)
    {
	--RedrawingDisabled;

	/* cursor is at to BOL and w_cursor.lnum is checked due to getfile() */
	if (!p_sol && col != 0)
	{
	    curwin->w_cursor.col = col;
	    check_cursor_col();
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
#endif
	    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;
	}
	return OK;
    }
    --RedrawingDisabled;
    return FAIL;
}

/*
 * go to the last know line number for the current buffer
 */
    void
buflist_getfpos()
{
    pos_T	*fpos;

    fpos = buflist_findfpos(curbuf);

    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = fpos->lnum;
    check_cursor_lnum();

    if (p_sol)
	curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
    else
    {
	curwin->w_cursor.col = fpos->col;
	check_cursor_col();
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
#endif
	curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;
    }
}

#if defined(FEAT_QUICKFIX) || defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Find file in buffer list by name (it has to be for the current window).
 * Returns NULL if not found.
 */
    buf_T *
buflist_findname_exp(fname)
    char_u *fname;
{
    char_u	*ffname;
    buf_T	*buf = NULL;

    /* First make the name into a full path name */
    ffname = FullName_save(fname,
#ifdef UNIX
	    TRUE	    /* force expansion, get rid of symbolic links */
#else
	    FALSE
#endif
	    );
    if (ffname != NULL)
    {
	buf = buflist_findname(ffname);
	vim_free(ffname);
    }
    return buf;
}
#endif

/*
 * Find file in buffer list by name (it has to be for the current window).
 * "ffname" must have a full path.
 * Skips dummy buffers.
 * Returns NULL if not found.
 */
    buf_T *
buflist_findname(ffname)
    char_u	*ffname;
{
#ifdef UNIX
    struct stat st;

    if (mch_stat((char *)ffname, &st) < 0)
	st.st_dev = (dev_T)-1;
    return buflist_findname_stat(ffname, &st);
}

/*
 * Same as buflist_findname(), but pass the stat structure to avoid getting it
 * twice for the same file.
 * Returns NULL if not found.
 */
    static buf_T *
buflist_findname_stat(ffname, stp)
    char_u	*ffname;
    struct stat	*stp;
{
#endif
    buf_T	*buf;

    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
	if ((buf->b_flags & BF_DUMMY) == 0 && !otherfile_buf(buf, ffname
#ifdef UNIX
		    , stp
#endif
		    ))
	    return buf;
    return NULL;
}

#if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(FEAT_PERL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Find file in buffer list by a regexp pattern.
 * Return fnum of the found buffer.
 * Return < 0 for error.
 */
    int
buflist_findpat(pattern, pattern_end, unlisted, diffmode)
    char_u	*pattern;
    char_u	*pattern_end;	/* pointer to first char after pattern */
    int		unlisted;	/* find unlisted buffers */
    int		diffmode UNUSED; /* find diff-mode buffers only */
{
    buf_T	*buf;
    regprog_T	*prog;
    int		match = -1;
    int		find_listed;
    char_u	*pat;
    char_u	*patend;
    int		attempt;
    char_u	*p;
    int		toggledollar;

    if (pattern_end == pattern + 1 && (*pattern == '%' || *pattern == '#'))
    {
	if (*pattern == '%')
	    match = curbuf->b_fnum;
	else
	    match = curwin->w_alt_fnum;
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
	if (diffmode && !diff_mode_buf(buflist_findnr(match)))
	    match = -1;
#endif
    }

    /*
     * Try four ways of matching a listed buffer:
     * attempt == 0: without '^' or '$' (at any position)
     * attempt == 1: with '^' at start (only at position 0)
     * attempt == 2: with '$' at end (only match at end)
     * attempt == 3: with '^' at start and '$' at end (only full match)
     * Repeat this for finding an unlisted buffer if there was no matching
     * listed buffer.
     */
    else
    {
	pat = file_pat_to_reg_pat(pattern, pattern_end, NULL, FALSE);
	if (pat == NULL)
	    return -1;
	patend = pat + STRLEN(pat) - 1;
	toggledollar = (patend > pat && *patend == '$');

	/* First try finding a listed buffer.  If not found and "unlisted"
	 * is TRUE, try finding an unlisted buffer. */
	find_listed = TRUE;
	for (;;)
	{
	    for (attempt = 0; attempt <= 3; ++attempt)
	    {
		/* may add '^' and '$' */
		if (toggledollar)
		    *patend = (attempt < 2) ? NUL : '$'; /* add/remove '$' */
		p = pat;
		if (*p == '^' && !(attempt & 1))	 /* add/remove '^' */
		    ++p;
		prog = vim_regcomp(p, p_magic ? RE_MAGIC : 0);
		if (prog == NULL)
		{
		    vim_free(pat);
		    return -1;
		}

		for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
		    if (buf->b_p_bl == find_listed
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
			    && (!diffmode || diff_mode_buf(buf))
#endif
			    && buflist_match(prog, buf) != NULL)
		    {
			if (match >= 0)		/* already found a match */
			{
			    match = -2;
			    break;
			}
			match = buf->b_fnum;	/* remember first match */
		    }

		vim_free(prog);
		if (match >= 0)			/* found one match */
		    break;
	    }

	    /* Only search for unlisted buffers if there was no match with
	     * a listed buffer. */
	    if (!unlisted || !find_listed || match != -1)
		break;
	    find_listed = FALSE;
	}

	vim_free(pat);
    }

    if (match == -2)
	EMSG2(_("E93: More than one match for %s"), pattern);
    else if (match < 0)
	EMSG2(_("E94: No matching buffer for %s"), pattern);
    return match;
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_CMDL_COMPL) || defined(PROTO)

/*
 * Find all buffer names that match.
 * For command line expansion of ":buf" and ":sbuf".
 * Return OK if matches found, FAIL otherwise.
 */
    int
ExpandBufnames(pat, num_file, file, options)
    char_u	*pat;
    int		*num_file;
    char_u	***file;
    int		options;
{
    int		count = 0;
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		round;
    char_u	*p;
    int		attempt;
    regprog_T	*prog;
    char_u	*patc;

    *num_file = 0;		    /* return values in case of FAIL */
    *file = NULL;

    /* Make a copy of "pat" and change "^" to "\(^\|[\/]\)". */
    if (*pat == '^')
    {
	patc = alloc((unsigned)STRLEN(pat) + 11);
	if (patc == NULL)
	    return FAIL;
	STRCPY(patc, "\\(^\\|[\\/]\\)");
	STRCPY(patc + 11, pat + 1);
    }
    else
	patc = pat;

    /*
     * attempt == 0: try match with    '\<', match at start of word
     * attempt == 1: try match without '\<', match anywhere
     */
    for (attempt = 0; attempt <= 1; ++attempt)
    {
	if (attempt > 0 && patc == pat)
	    break;	/* there was no anchor, no need to try again */
	prog = vim_regcomp(patc + attempt * 11, RE_MAGIC);
	if (prog == NULL)
	{
	    if (patc != pat)
		vim_free(patc);
	    return FAIL;
	}

	/*
	 * round == 1: Count the matches.
	 * round == 2: Build the array to keep the matches.
	 */
	for (round = 1; round <= 2; ++round)
	{
	    count = 0;
	    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
	    {
		if (!buf->b_p_bl)	/* skip unlisted buffers */
		    continue;
		p = buflist_match(prog, buf);
		if (p != NULL)
		{
		    if (round == 1)
			++count;
		    else
		    {
			if (options & WILD_HOME_REPLACE)
			    p = home_replace_save(buf, p);
			else
			    p = vim_strsave(p);
			(*file)[count++] = p;
		    }
		}
	    }
	    if (count == 0)	/* no match found, break here */
		break;
	    if (round == 1)
	    {
		*file = (char_u **)alloc((unsigned)(count * sizeof(char_u *)));
		if (*file == NULL)
		{
		    vim_free(prog);
		    if (patc != pat)
			vim_free(patc);
		    return FAIL;
		}
	    }
	}
	vim_free(prog);
	if (count)		/* match(es) found, break here */
	    break;
    }

    if (patc != pat)
	vim_free(patc);

    *num_file = count;
    return (count == 0 ? FAIL : OK);
}

#endif /* FEAT_CMDL_COMPL */

#ifdef HAVE_BUFLIST_MATCH
/*
 * Check for a match on the file name for buffer "buf" with regprog "prog".
 */
    static char_u *
buflist_match(prog, buf)
    regprog_T	*prog;
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    char_u	*match;

    /* First try the short file name, then the long file name. */
    match = fname_match(prog, buf->b_sfname);
    if (match == NULL)
	match = fname_match(prog, buf->b_ffname);

    return match;
}

/*
 * Try matching the regexp in "prog" with file name "name".
 * Return "name" when there is a match, NULL when not.
 */
    static char_u *
fname_match(prog, name)
    regprog_T	*prog;
    char_u	*name;
{
    char_u	*match = NULL;
    char_u	*p;
    regmatch_T	regmatch;

    if (name != NULL)
    {
	regmatch.regprog = prog;
#ifdef CASE_INSENSITIVE_FILENAME
	regmatch.rm_ic = TRUE;		/* Always ignore case */
#else
	regmatch.rm_ic = FALSE;		/* Never ignore case */
#endif

	if (vim_regexec(&regmatch, name, (colnr_T)0))
	    match = name;
	else
	{
	    /* Replace $(HOME) with '~' and try matching again. */
	    p = home_replace_save(NULL, name);
	    if (p != NULL && vim_regexec(&regmatch, p, (colnr_T)0))
		match = name;
	    vim_free(p);
	}
    }

    return match;
}
#endif

/*
 * find file in buffer list by number
 */
    buf_T *
buflist_findnr(nr)
    int		nr;
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    if (nr == 0)
	nr = curwin->w_alt_fnum;
    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
	if (buf->b_fnum == nr)
	    return (buf);
    return NULL;
}

/*
 * Get name of file 'n' in the buffer list.
 * When the file has no name an empty string is returned.
 * home_replace() is used to shorten the file name (used for marks).
 * Returns a pointer to allocated memory, of NULL when failed.
 */
    char_u *
buflist_nr2name(n, fullname, helptail)
    int		n;
    int		fullname;
    int		helptail;	/* for help buffers return tail only */
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    buf = buflist_findnr(n);
    if (buf == NULL)
	return NULL;
    return home_replace_save(helptail ? buf : NULL,
				     fullname ? buf->b_ffname : buf->b_fname);
}

/*
 * Set the "lnum" and "col" for the buffer "buf" and the current window.
 * When "copy_options" is TRUE save the local window option values.
 * When "lnum" is 0 only do the options.
 */
    static void
buflist_setfpos(buf, win, lnum, col, copy_options)
    buf_T	*buf;
    win_T	*win;
    linenr_T	lnum;
    colnr_T	col;
    int		copy_options;
{
    wininfo_T	*wip;

    for (wip = buf->b_wininfo; wip != NULL; wip = wip->wi_next)
	if (wip->wi_win == win)
	    break;
    if (wip == NULL)
    {
	/* allocate a new entry */
	wip = (wininfo_T *)alloc_clear((unsigned)sizeof(wininfo_T));
	if (wip == NULL)
	    return;
	wip->wi_win = win;
	if (lnum == 0)		/* set lnum even when it's 0 */
	    lnum = 1;
    }
    else
    {
	/* remove the entry from the list */
	if (wip->wi_prev)
	    wip->wi_prev->wi_next = wip->wi_next;
	else
	    buf->b_wininfo = wip->wi_next;
	if (wip->wi_next)
	    wip->wi_next->wi_prev = wip->wi_prev;
	if (copy_options && wip->wi_optset)
	{
	    clear_winopt(&wip->wi_opt);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	    deleteFoldRecurse(&wip->wi_folds);
#endif
	}
    }
    if (lnum != 0)
    {
	wip->wi_fpos.lnum = lnum;
	wip->wi_fpos.col = col;
    }
    if (copy_options)
    {
	/* Save the window-specific option values. */
	copy_winopt(&win->w_onebuf_opt, &wip->wi_opt);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	wip->wi_fold_manual = win->w_fold_manual;
	cloneFoldGrowArray(&win->w_folds, &wip->wi_folds);
#endif
	wip->wi_optset = TRUE;
    }

    /* insert the entry in front of the list */
    wip->wi_next = buf->b_wininfo;
    buf->b_wininfo = wip;
    wip->wi_prev = NULL;
    if (wip->wi_next)
	wip->wi_next->wi_prev = wip;

    return;
}

#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
static int wininfo_other_tab_diff __ARGS((wininfo_T *wip));

/*
 * Return TRUE when "wip" has 'diff' set and the diff is only for another tab
 * page.  That's because a diff is local to a tab page.
 */
    static int
wininfo_other_tab_diff(wip)
    wininfo_T	*wip;
{
    win_T	*wp;

    if (wip->wi_opt.wo_diff)
    {
	for (wp = firstwin; wp != NULL; wp = wp->w_next)
	    /* return FALSE when it's a window in the current tab page, thus
	     * the buffer was in diff mode here */
	    if (wip->wi_win == wp)
		return FALSE;
	return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}
#endif

/*
 * Find info for the current window in buffer "buf".
 * If not found, return the info for the most recently used window.
 * When "skip_diff_buffer" is TRUE avoid windows with 'diff' set that is in
 * another tab page.
 * Returns NULL when there isn't any info.
 */
    static wininfo_T *
find_wininfo(buf, skip_diff_buffer)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		skip_diff_buffer UNUSED;
{
    wininfo_T	*wip;

    for (wip = buf->b_wininfo; wip != NULL; wip = wip->wi_next)
	if (wip->wi_win == curwin
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
		&& (!skip_diff_buffer || !wininfo_other_tab_diff(wip))
#endif
	   )
	    break;

    /* If no wininfo for curwin, use the first in the list (that doesn't have
     * 'diff' set and is in another tab page). */
    if (wip == NULL)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
	if (skip_diff_buffer)
	{
	    for (wip = buf->b_wininfo; wip != NULL; wip = wip->wi_next)
		if (!wininfo_other_tab_diff(wip))
		    break;
	}
	else
#endif
	    wip = buf->b_wininfo;
    }
    return wip;
}

/*
 * Reset the local window options to the values last used in this window.
 * If the buffer wasn't used in this window before, use the values from
 * the most recently used window.  If the values were never set, use the
 * global values for the window.
 */
    void
get_winopts(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    wininfo_T	*wip;

    clear_winopt(&curwin->w_onebuf_opt);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    clearFolding(curwin);
#endif

    wip = find_wininfo(buf, TRUE);
    if (wip != NULL && wip->wi_optset)
    {
	copy_winopt(&wip->wi_opt, &curwin->w_onebuf_opt);
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	curwin->w_fold_manual = wip->wi_fold_manual;
	curwin->w_foldinvalid = TRUE;
	cloneFoldGrowArray(&wip->wi_folds, &curwin->w_folds);
#endif
    }
    else
	copy_winopt(&curwin->w_allbuf_opt, &curwin->w_onebuf_opt);

#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
    /* Set 'foldlevel' to 'foldlevelstart' if it's not negative. */
    if (p_fdls >= 0)
	curwin->w_p_fdl = p_fdls;
#endif
}

/*
 * Find the position (lnum and col) for the buffer 'buf' for the current
 * window.
 * Returns a pointer to no_position if no position is found.
 */
    pos_T *
buflist_findfpos(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    wininfo_T	*wip;
    static pos_T no_position = INIT_POS_T(1, 0, 0);

    wip = find_wininfo(buf, FALSE);
    if (wip != NULL)
	return &(wip->wi_fpos);
    else
	return &no_position;
}

/*
 * Find the lnum for the buffer 'buf' for the current window.
 */
    linenr_T
buflist_findlnum(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    return buflist_findfpos(buf)->lnum;
}

#if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * List all know file names (for :files and :buffers command).
 */
    void
buflist_list(eap)
    exarg_T	*eap;
{
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		len;
    int		i;

    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL && !got_int; buf = buf->b_next)
    {
	/* skip unlisted buffers, unless ! was used */
	if (!buf->b_p_bl && !eap->forceit)
	    continue;
	msg_putchar('\n');
	if (buf_spname(buf) != NULL)
	    STRCPY(NameBuff, buf_spname(buf));
	else
	    home_replace(buf, buf->b_fname, NameBuff, MAXPATHL, TRUE);

	len = vim_snprintf((char *)IObuff, IOSIZE - 20, "%3d%c%c%c%c%c \"%s\"",
		buf->b_fnum,
		buf->b_p_bl ? ' ' : 'u',
		buf == curbuf ? '%' :
			(curwin->w_alt_fnum == buf->b_fnum ? '#' : ' '),
		buf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL ? ' ' :
			(buf->b_nwindows == 0 ? 'h' : 'a'),
		!buf->b_p_ma ? '-' : (buf->b_p_ro ? '=' : ' '),
		(buf->b_flags & BF_READERR) ? 'x'
					    : (bufIsChanged(buf) ? '+' : ' '),
		NameBuff);

	/* put "line 999" in column 40 or after the file name */
	i = 40 - vim_strsize(IObuff);
	do
	{
	    IObuff[len++] = ' ';
	} while (--i > 0 && len < IOSIZE - 18);
	vim_snprintf((char *)IObuff + len, (size_t)(IOSIZE - len),
		_("line %ld"), buf == curbuf ? curwin->w_cursor.lnum
					       : (long)buflist_findlnum(buf));
	msg_outtrans(IObuff);
	out_flush();	    /* output one line at a time */
	ui_breakcheck();
    }
}
#endif

/*
 * Get file name and line number for file 'fnum'.
 * Used by DoOneCmd() for translating '%' and '#'.
 * Used by insert_reg() and cmdline_paste() for '#' register.
 * Return FAIL if not found, OK for success.
 */
    int
buflist_name_nr(fnum, fname, lnum)
    int		fnum;
    char_u	**fname;
    linenr_T	*lnum;
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    buf = buflist_findnr(fnum);
    if (buf == NULL || buf->b_fname == NULL)
	return FAIL;

    *fname = buf->b_fname;
    *lnum = buflist_findlnum(buf);

    return OK;
}

/*
 * Set the file name for "buf"' to 'ffname', short file name to 'sfname'.
 * The file name with the full path is also remembered, for when :cd is used.
 * Returns FAIL for failure (file name already in use by other buffer)
 *	OK otherwise.
 */
    int
setfname(buf, ffname, sfname, message)
    buf_T	*buf;
    char_u	*ffname, *sfname;
    int		message;	/* give message when buffer already exists */
{
    buf_T	*obuf = NULL;
#ifdef UNIX
    struct stat st;
#endif

    if (ffname == NULL || *ffname == NUL)
    {
	/* Removing the name. */
	vim_free(buf->b_ffname);
	vim_free(buf->b_sfname);
	buf->b_ffname = NULL;
	buf->b_sfname = NULL;
#ifdef UNIX
	st.st_dev = (dev_T)-1;
#endif
    }
    else
    {
	fname_expand(buf, &ffname, &sfname); /* will allocate ffname */
	if (ffname == NULL)		    /* out of memory */
	    return FAIL;

	/*
	 * if the file name is already used in another buffer:
	 * - if the buffer is loaded, fail
	 * - if the buffer is not loaded, delete it from the list
	 */
#ifdef UNIX
	if (mch_stat((char *)ffname, &st) < 0)
	    st.st_dev = (dev_T)-1;
#endif
	if (!(buf->b_flags & BF_DUMMY))
#ifdef UNIX
	    obuf = buflist_findname_stat(ffname, &st);
#else
	    obuf = buflist_findname(ffname);
#endif
	if (obuf != NULL && obuf != buf)
	{
	    if (obuf->b_ml.ml_mfp != NULL)	/* it's loaded, fail */
	    {
		if (message)
		    EMSG(_("E95: Buffer with this name already exists"));
		vim_free(ffname);
		return FAIL;
	    }
	    close_buffer(NULL, obuf, DOBUF_WIPE); /* delete from the list */
	}
	sfname = vim_strsave(sfname);
	if (ffname == NULL || sfname == NULL)
	{
	    vim_free(sfname);
	    vim_free(ffname);
	    return FAIL;
	}
#ifdef USE_FNAME_CASE
# ifdef USE_LONG_FNAME
	if (USE_LONG_FNAME)
# endif
	    fname_case(sfname, 0);    /* set correct case for short file name */
#endif
	vim_free(buf->b_ffname);
	vim_free(buf->b_sfname);
	buf->b_ffname = ffname;
	buf->b_sfname = sfname;
    }
    buf->b_fname = buf->b_sfname;
#ifdef UNIX
    if (st.st_dev == (dev_T)-1)
	buf->b_dev_valid = FALSE;
    else
    {
	buf->b_dev_valid = TRUE;
	buf->b_dev = st.st_dev;
	buf->b_ino = st.st_ino;
    }
#endif

#ifndef SHORT_FNAME
    buf->b_shortname = FALSE;
#endif

    buf_name_changed(buf);
    return OK;
}

/*
 * Crude way of changing the name of a buffer.  Use with care!
 * The name should be relative to the current directory.
 */
    void
buf_set_name(fnum, name)
    int		fnum;
    char_u	*name;
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    buf = buflist_findnr(fnum);
    if (buf != NULL)
    {
	vim_free(buf->b_sfname);
	vim_free(buf->b_ffname);
	buf->b_ffname = vim_strsave(name);
	buf->b_sfname = NULL;
	/* Allocate ffname and expand into full path.  Also resolves .lnk
	 * files on Win32. */
	fname_expand(buf, &buf->b_ffname, &buf->b_sfname);
	buf->b_fname = buf->b_sfname;
    }
}

/*
 * Take care of what needs to be done when the name of buffer "buf" has
 * changed.
 */
    void
buf_name_changed(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    /*
     * If the file name changed, also change the name of the swapfile
     */
    if (buf->b_ml.ml_mfp != NULL)
	ml_setname(buf);

    if (curwin->w_buffer == buf)
	check_arg_idx(curwin);	/* check file name for arg list */
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
    maketitle();		/* set window title */
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    status_redraw_all();	/* status lines need to be redrawn */
#endif
    fmarks_check_names(buf);	/* check named file marks */
    ml_timestamp(buf);		/* reset timestamp */
}

/*
 * set alternate file name for current window
 *
 * Used by do_one_cmd(), do_write() and do_ecmd().
 * Return the buffer.
 */
    buf_T *
setaltfname(ffname, sfname, lnum)
    char_u	*ffname;
    char_u	*sfname;
    linenr_T	lnum;
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    /* Create a buffer.  'buflisted' is not set if it's a new buffer */
    buf = buflist_new(ffname, sfname, lnum, 0);
    if (buf != NULL && !cmdmod.keepalt)
	curwin->w_alt_fnum = buf->b_fnum;
    return buf;
}

/*
 * Get alternate file name for current window.
 * Return NULL if there isn't any, and give error message if requested.
 */
    char_u  *
getaltfname(errmsg)
    int		errmsg;		/* give error message */
{
    char_u	*fname;
    linenr_T	dummy;

    if (buflist_name_nr(0, &fname, &dummy) == FAIL)
    {
	if (errmsg)
	    EMSG(_(e_noalt));
	return NULL;
    }
    return fname;
}

/*
 * Add a file name to the buflist and return its number.
 * Uses same flags as buflist_new(), except BLN_DUMMY.
 *
 * used by qf_init(), main() and doarglist()
 */
    int
buflist_add(fname, flags)
    char_u	*fname;
    int		flags;
{
    buf_T	*buf;

    buf = buflist_new(fname, NULL, (linenr_T)0, flags);
    if (buf != NULL)
	return buf->b_fnum;
    return 0;
}

#if defined(BACKSLASH_IN_FILENAME) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Adjust slashes in file names.  Called after 'shellslash' was set.
 */
    void
buflist_slash_adjust()
{
    buf_T	*bp;

    for (bp = firstbuf; bp != NULL; bp = bp->b_next)
    {
	if (bp->b_ffname != NULL)
	    slash_adjust(bp->b_ffname);
	if (bp->b_sfname != NULL)
	    slash_adjust(bp->b_sfname);
    }
}
#endif

/*
 * Set alternate cursor position for the current buffer and window "win".
 * Also save the local window option values.
 */
    void
buflist_altfpos(win)
    win_T *win;
{
    buflist_setfpos(curbuf, win, win->w_cursor.lnum, win->w_cursor.col, TRUE);
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if 'ffname' is not the same file as current file.
 * Fname must have a full path (expanded by mch_FullName()).
 */
    int
otherfile(ffname)
    char_u	*ffname;
{
    return otherfile_buf(curbuf, ffname
#ifdef UNIX
	    , NULL
#endif
	    );
}

    static int
otherfile_buf(buf, ffname
#ifdef UNIX
	, stp
#endif
	)
    buf_T	*buf;
    char_u	*ffname;
#ifdef UNIX
    struct stat	*stp;
#endif
{
    /* no name is different */
    if (ffname == NULL || *ffname == NUL || buf->b_ffname == NULL)
	return TRUE;
    if (fnamecmp(ffname, buf->b_ffname) == 0)
	return FALSE;
#ifdef UNIX
    {
	struct stat	st;

	/* If no struct stat given, get it now */
	if (stp == NULL)
	{
	    if (!buf->b_dev_valid || mch_stat((char *)ffname, &st) < 0)
		st.st_dev = (dev_T)-1;
	    stp = &st;
	}
	/* Use dev/ino to check if the files are the same, even when the names
	 * are different (possible with links).  Still need to compare the
	 * name above, for when the file doesn't exist yet.
	 * Problem: The dev/ino changes when a file is deleted (and created
	 * again) and remains the same when renamed/moved.  We don't want to
	 * mch_stat() each buffer each time, that would be too slow.  Get the
	 * dev/ino again when they appear to match, but not when they appear
	 * to be different: Could skip a buffer when it's actually the same
	 * file. */
	if (buf_same_ino(buf, stp))
	{
	    buf_setino(buf);
	    if (buf_same_ino(buf, stp))
		return FALSE;
	}
    }
#endif
    return TRUE;
}

#if defined(UNIX) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Set inode and device number for a buffer.
 * Must always be called when b_fname is changed!.
 */
    void
buf_setino(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    struct stat	st;

    if (buf->b_fname != NULL && mch_stat((char *)buf->b_fname, &st) >= 0)
    {
	buf->b_dev_valid = TRUE;
	buf->b_dev = st.st_dev;
	buf->b_ino = st.st_ino;
    }
    else
	buf->b_dev_valid = FALSE;
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if dev/ino in buffer "buf" matches with "stp".
 */
    static int
buf_same_ino(buf, stp)
    buf_T	*buf;
    struct stat *stp;
{
    return (buf->b_dev_valid
	    && stp->st_dev == buf->b_dev
	    && stp->st_ino == buf->b_ino);
}
#endif

/*
 * Print info about the current buffer.
 */
    void
fileinfo(fullname, shorthelp, dont_truncate)
    int fullname;	    /* when non-zero print full path */
    int shorthelp;
    int	dont_truncate;
{
    char_u	*name;
    int		n;
    char_u	*p;
    char_u	*buffer;
    size_t	len;

    buffer = alloc(IOSIZE);
    if (buffer == NULL)
	return;

    if (fullname > 1)	    /* 2 CTRL-G: include buffer number */
    {
	vim_snprintf((char *)buffer, IOSIZE, "buf %d: ", curbuf->b_fnum);
	p = buffer + STRLEN(buffer);
    }
    else
	p = buffer;

    *p++ = '"';
    if (buf_spname(curbuf) != NULL)
	STRCPY(p, buf_spname(curbuf));
    else
    {
	if (!fullname && curbuf->b_fname != NULL)
	    name = curbuf->b_fname;
	else
	    name = curbuf->b_ffname;
	home_replace(shorthelp ? curbuf : NULL, name, p,
					  (int)(IOSIZE - (p - buffer)), TRUE);
    }

    vim_snprintf_add((char *)buffer, IOSIZE, "\"%s%s%s%s%s%s",
	    curbufIsChanged() ? (shortmess(SHM_MOD)
					  ?  " [+]" : _(" [Modified]")) : " ",
	    (curbuf->b_flags & BF_NOTEDITED)
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
		    && !bt_dontwrite(curbuf)
#endif
					? _("[Not edited]") : "",
	    (curbuf->b_flags & BF_NEW)
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
		    && !bt_dontwrite(curbuf)
#endif
					? _("[New file]") : "",
	    (curbuf->b_flags & BF_READERR) ? _("[Read errors]") : "",
	    curbuf->b_p_ro ? (shortmess(SHM_RO) ? "[RO]"
						      : _("[readonly]")) : "",
	    (curbufIsChanged() || (curbuf->b_flags & BF_WRITE_MASK)
							  || curbuf->b_p_ro) ?
								    " " : "");
    /* With 32 bit longs and more than 21,474,836 lines multiplying by 100
     * causes an overflow, thus for large numbers divide instead. */
    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum > 1000000L)
	n = (int)(((long)curwin->w_cursor.lnum) /
				   ((long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count / 100L));
    else
	n = (int)(((long)curwin->w_cursor.lnum * 100L) /
					    (long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count);
    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY)
    {
	vim_snprintf_add((char *)buffer, IOSIZE, "%s", _(no_lines_msg));
    }
#ifdef FEAT_CMDL_INFO
    else if (p_ru)
    {
	/* Current line and column are already on the screen -- webb */
	if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count == 1)
	    vim_snprintf_add((char *)buffer, IOSIZE, _("1 line --%d%%--"), n);
	else
	    vim_snprintf_add((char *)buffer, IOSIZE, _("%ld lines --%d%%--"),
					 (long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count, n);
    }
#endif
    else
    {
	vim_snprintf_add((char *)buffer, IOSIZE,
		_("line %ld of %ld --%d%%-- col "),
		(long)curwin->w_cursor.lnum,
		(long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count,
		n);
	validate_virtcol();
	len = STRLEN(buffer);
	col_print(buffer + len, IOSIZE - len,
		   (int)curwin->w_cursor.col + 1, (int)curwin->w_virtcol + 1);
    }

    (void)append_arg_number(curwin, buffer, IOSIZE, !shortmess(SHM_FILE));

    if (dont_truncate)
    {
	/* Temporarily set msg_scroll to avoid the message being truncated.
	 * First call msg_start() to get the message in the right place. */
	msg_start();
	n = msg_scroll;
	msg_scroll = TRUE;
	msg(buffer);
	msg_scroll = n;
    }
    else
    {
	p = msg_trunc_attr(buffer, FALSE, 0);
	if (restart_edit != 0 || (msg_scrolled && !need_wait_return))
	    /* Need to repeat the message after redrawing when:
	     * - When restart_edit is set (otherwise there will be a delay
	     *   before redrawing).
	     * - When the screen was scrolled but there is no wait-return
	     *   prompt. */
	    set_keep_msg(p, 0);
    }

    vim_free(buffer);
}

    void
col_print(buf, buflen, col, vcol)
    char_u  *buf;
    size_t  buflen;
    int	    col;
    int	    vcol;
{
    if (col == vcol)
	vim_snprintf((char *)buf, buflen, "%d", col);
    else
	vim_snprintf((char *)buf, buflen, "%d-%d", col, vcol);
}

#if defined(FEAT_TITLE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * put file name in title bar of window and in icon title
 */

static char_u *lasttitle = NULL;
static char_u *lasticon = NULL;

    void
maketitle()
{
    char_u	*p;
    char_u	*t_str = NULL;
    char_u	*i_name;
    char_u	*i_str = NULL;
    int		maxlen = 0;
    int		len;
    int		mustset;
    char_u	buf[IOSIZE];
    int		off;

    if (!redrawing())
    {
	/* Postpone updating the title when 'lazyredraw' is set. */
	need_maketitle = TRUE;
	return;
    }

    need_maketitle = FALSE;
    if (!p_title && !p_icon && lasttitle == NULL && lasticon == NULL)
	return;

    if (p_title)
    {
	if (p_titlelen > 0)
	{
	    maxlen = p_titlelen * Columns / 100;
	    if (maxlen < 10)
		maxlen = 10;
	}

	t_str = buf;
	if (*p_titlestring != NUL)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_STL_OPT
	    if (stl_syntax & STL_IN_TITLE)
	    {
		int	use_sandbox = FALSE;
		int	save_called_emsg = called_emsg;

# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
		use_sandbox = was_set_insecurely((char_u *)"titlestring", 0);
# endif
		called_emsg = FALSE;
		build_stl_str_hl(curwin, t_str, sizeof(buf),
					      p_titlestring, use_sandbox,
					      0, maxlen, NULL, NULL);
		if (called_emsg)
		    set_string_option_direct((char_u *)"titlestring", -1,
					   (char_u *)"", OPT_FREE, SID_ERROR);
		called_emsg |= save_called_emsg;
	    }
	    else
#endif
		t_str = p_titlestring;
	}
	else
	{
	    /* format: "fname + (path) (1 of 2) - VIM" */

	    if (curbuf->b_fname == NULL)
		STRCPY(buf, _("[No Name]"));
	    else
	    {
		p = transstr(gettail(curbuf->b_fname));
		vim_strncpy(buf, p, IOSIZE - 100);
		vim_free(p);
	    }

	    switch (bufIsChanged(curbuf)
		    + (curbuf->b_p_ro * 2)
		    + (!curbuf->b_p_ma * 4))
	    {
		case 1: STRCAT(buf, " +"); break;
		case 2: STRCAT(buf, " ="); break;
		case 3: STRCAT(buf, " =+"); break;
		case 4:
		case 6: STRCAT(buf, " -"); break;
		case 5:
		case 7: STRCAT(buf, " -+"); break;
	    }

	    if (curbuf->b_fname != NULL)
	    {
		/* Get path of file, replace home dir with ~ */
		off = (int)STRLEN(buf);
		buf[off++] = ' ';
		buf[off++] = '(';
		home_replace(curbuf, curbuf->b_ffname,
					       buf + off, IOSIZE - off, TRUE);
#ifdef BACKSLASH_IN_FILENAME
		/* avoid "c:/name" to be reduced to "c" */
		if (isalpha(buf[off]) && buf[off + 1] == ':')
		    off += 2;
#endif
		/* remove the file name */
		p = gettail_sep(buf + off);
		if (p == buf + off)
		    /* must be a help buffer */
		    vim_strncpy(buf + off, (char_u *)_("help"),
						  (size_t)(IOSIZE - off - 1));
		else
		    *p = NUL;

		/* translate unprintable chars */
		p = transstr(buf + off);
		vim_strncpy(buf + off, p, (size_t)(IOSIZE - off - 1));
		vim_free(p);
		STRCAT(buf, ")");
	    }

	    append_arg_number(curwin, buf, IOSIZE, FALSE);

#if defined(FEAT_CLIENTSERVER)
	    if (serverName != NULL)
	    {
		STRCAT(buf, " - ");
		STRCAT(buf, serverName);
	    }
	    else
#endif
		STRCAT(buf, " - VIM");

	    if (maxlen > 0)
	    {
		/* make it shorter by removing a bit in the middle */
		len = vim_strsize(buf);
		if (len > maxlen)
		    trunc_string(buf, buf, maxlen);
	    }
	}
    }
    mustset = ti_change(t_str, &lasttitle);

    if (p_icon)
    {
	i_str = buf;
	if (*p_iconstring != NUL)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_STL_OPT
	    if (stl_syntax & STL_IN_ICON)
	    {
		int	use_sandbox = FALSE;
		int	save_called_emsg = called_emsg;

# ifdef FEAT_EVAL
		use_sandbox = was_set_insecurely((char_u *)"iconstring", 0);
# endif
		called_emsg = FALSE;
		build_stl_str_hl(curwin, i_str, sizeof(buf),
						    p_iconstring, use_sandbox,
						    0, 0, NULL, NULL);
		if (called_emsg)
		    set_string_option_direct((char_u *)"iconstring", -1,
					   (char_u *)"", OPT_FREE, SID_ERROR);
		called_emsg |= save_called_emsg;
	    }
	    else
#endif
		i_str = p_iconstring;
	}
	else
	{
	    if (buf_spname(curbuf) != NULL)
		i_name = (char_u *)buf_spname(curbuf);
	    else		    /* use file name only in icon */
		i_name = gettail(curbuf->b_ffname);
	    *i_str = NUL;
	    /* Truncate name at 100 bytes. */
	    len = (int)STRLEN(i_name);
	    if (len > 100)
	    {
		len -= 100;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		if (has_mbyte)
		    len += (*mb_tail_off)(i_name, i_name + len) + 1;
#endif
		i_name += len;
	    }
	    STRCPY(i_str, i_name);
	    trans_characters(i_str, IOSIZE);
	}
    }

    mustset |= ti_change(i_str, &lasticon);

    if (mustset)
	resettitle();
}

/*
 * Used for title and icon: Check if "str" differs from "*last".  Set "*last"
 * from "str" if it does.
 * Return TRUE when "*last" changed.
 */
    static int
ti_change(str, last)
    char_u	*str;
    char_u	**last;
{
    if ((str == NULL) != (*last == NULL)
	    || (str != NULL && *last != NULL && STRCMP(str, *last) != 0))
    {
	vim_free(*last);
	if (str == NULL)
	    *last = NULL;
	else
	    *last = vim_strsave(str);
	return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Put current window title back (used after calling a shell)
 */
    void
resettitle()
{
    mch_settitle(lasttitle, lasticon);
}

# if defined(EXITFREE) || defined(PROTO)
    void
free_titles()
{
    vim_free(lasttitle);
    vim_free(lasticon);
}
# endif

#endif /* FEAT_TITLE */

#if defined(FEAT_STL_OPT) || defined(FEAT_GUI_TABLINE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Build a string from the status line items in "fmt".
 * Return length of string in screen cells.
 *
 * Normally works for window "wp", except when working for 'tabline' then it
 * is "curwin".
 *
 * Items are drawn interspersed with the text that surrounds it
 * Specials: %-<wid>(xxx%) => group, %= => middle marker, %< => truncation
 * Item: %-<minwid>.<maxwid><itemch> All but <itemch> are optional
 *
 * If maxwidth is not zero, the string will be filled at any middle marker
 * or truncated if too long, fillchar is used for all whitespace.
 */
    int
build_stl_str_hl(wp, out, outlen, fmt, use_sandbox, fillchar, maxwidth, hltab, tabtab)
    win_T	*wp;
    char_u	*out;		/* buffer to write into != NameBuff */
    size_t	outlen;		/* length of out[] */
    char_u	*fmt;
    int		use_sandbox UNUSED; /* "fmt" was set insecurely, use sandbox */
    int		fillchar;
    int		maxwidth;
    struct stl_hlrec *hltab;	/* return: HL attributes (can be NULL) */
    struct stl_hlrec *tabtab;	/* return: tab page nrs (can be NULL) */
{
    char_u	*p;
    char_u	*s;
    char_u	*t;
    char_u	*linecont;
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    win_T	*o_curwin;
    buf_T	*o_curbuf;
#endif
    int		empty_line;
    colnr_T	virtcol;
    long	l;
    long	n;
    int		prevchar_isflag;
    int		prevchar_isitem;
    int		itemisflag;
    int		fillable;
    char_u	*str;
    long	num;
    int		width;
    int		itemcnt;
    int		curitem;
    int		groupitem[STL_MAX_ITEM];
    int		groupdepth;
    struct stl_item
    {
	char_u		*start;
	int		minwid;
	int		maxwid;
	enum
	{
	    Normal,
	    Empty,
	    Group,
	    Middle,
	    Highlight,
	    TabPage,
	    Trunc
	}		type;
    }		item[STL_MAX_ITEM];
    int		minwid;
    int		maxwid;
    int		zeropad;
    char_u	base;
    char_u	opt;
#define TMPLEN 70
    char_u	tmp[TMPLEN];
    char_u	*usefmt = fmt;
    struct stl_hlrec *sp;

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    /*
     * When the format starts with "%!" then evaluate it as an expression and
     * use the result as the actual format string.
     */
    if (fmt[0] == '%' && fmt[1] == '!')
    {
	usefmt = eval_to_string_safe(fmt + 2, NULL, use_sandbox);
	if (usefmt == NULL)
	    usefmt = fmt;
    }
#endif

    if (fillchar == 0)
	fillchar = ' ';
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    /* Can't handle a multi-byte fill character yet. */
    else if (mb_char2len(fillchar) > 1)
	fillchar = '-';
#endif

    /*
     * Get line & check if empty (cursorpos will show "0-1").
     * If inversion is possible we use it. Else '=' characters are used.
     */
    linecont = ml_get_buf(wp->w_buffer, wp->w_cursor.lnum, FALSE);
    empty_line = (*linecont == NUL);

    groupdepth = 0;
    p = out;
    curitem = 0;
    prevchar_isflag = TRUE;
    prevchar_isitem = FALSE;
    for (s = usefmt; *s; )
    {
	if (*s != NUL && *s != '%')
	    prevchar_isflag = prevchar_isitem = FALSE;

	/*
	 * Handle up to the next '%' or the end.
	 */
	while (*s != NUL && *s != '%' && p + 1 < out + outlen)
	    *p++ = *s++;
	if (*s == NUL || p + 1 >= out + outlen)
	    break;

	/*
	 * Handle one '%' item.
	 */
	s++;
	if (*s == '%')
	{
	    if (p + 1 >= out + outlen)
		break;
	    *p++ = *s++;
	    prevchar_isflag = prevchar_isitem = FALSE;
	    continue;
	}
	if (*s == STL_MIDDLEMARK)
	{
	    s++;
	    if (groupdepth > 0)
		continue;
	    item[curitem].type = Middle;
	    item[curitem++].start = p;
	    continue;
	}
	if (*s == STL_TRUNCMARK)
	{
	    s++;
	    item[curitem].type = Trunc;
	    item[curitem++].start = p;
	    continue;
	}
	if (*s == ')')
	{
	    s++;
	    if (groupdepth < 1)
		continue;
	    groupdepth--;

	    t = item[groupitem[groupdepth]].start;
	    *p = NUL;
	    l = vim_strsize(t);
	    if (curitem > groupitem[groupdepth] + 1
		    && item[groupitem[groupdepth]].minwid == 0)
	    {
		/* remove group if all items are empty */
		for (n = groupitem[groupdepth] + 1; n < curitem; n++)
		    if (item[n].type == Normal)
			break;
		if (n == curitem)
		{
		    p = t;
		    l = 0;
		}
	    }
	    if (l > item[groupitem[groupdepth]].maxwid)
	    {
		/* truncate, remove n bytes of text at the start */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		if (has_mbyte)
		{
		    /* Find the first character that should be included. */
		    n = 0;
		    while (l >= item[groupitem[groupdepth]].maxwid)
		    {
			l -= ptr2cells(t + n);
			n += (*mb_ptr2len)(t + n);
		    }
		}
		else
#endif
		    n = (long)(p - t) - item[groupitem[groupdepth]].maxwid + 1;

		*t = '<';
		mch_memmove(t + 1, t + n, (size_t)(p - (t + n)));
		p = p - n + 1;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		/* Fill up space left over by half a double-wide char. */
		while (++l < item[groupitem[groupdepth]].minwid)
		    *p++ = fillchar;
#endif

		/* correct the start of the items for the truncation */
		for (l = groupitem[groupdepth] + 1; l < curitem; l++)
		{
		    item[l].start -= n;
		    if (item[l].start < t)
			item[l].start = t;
		}
	    }
	    else if (abs(item[groupitem[groupdepth]].minwid) > l)
	    {
		/* fill */
		n = item[groupitem[groupdepth]].minwid;
		if (n < 0)
		{
		    /* fill by appending characters */
		    n = 0 - n;
		    while (l++ < n && p + 1 < out + outlen)
			*p++ = fillchar;
		}
		else
		{
		    /* fill by inserting characters */
		    mch_memmove(t + n - l, t, (size_t)(p - t));
		    l = n - l;
		    if (p + l >= out + outlen)
			l = (long)((out + outlen) - p - 1);
		    p += l;
		    for (n = groupitem[groupdepth] + 1; n < curitem; n++)
			item[n].start += l;
		    for ( ; l > 0; l--)
			*t++ = fillchar;
		}
	    }
	    continue;
	}
	minwid = 0;
	maxwid = 9999;
	zeropad = FALSE;
	l = 1;
	if (*s == '0')
	{
	    s++;
	    zeropad = TRUE;
	}
	if (*s == '-')
	{
	    s++;
	    l = -1;
	}
	if (VIM_ISDIGIT(*s))
	{
	    minwid = (int)getdigits(&s);
	    if (minwid < 0)	/* overflow */
		minwid = 0;
	}
	if (*s == STL_USER_HL)
	{
	    item[curitem].type = Highlight;
	    item[curitem].start = p;
	    item[curitem].minwid = minwid > 9 ? 1 : minwid;
	    s++;
	    curitem++;
	    continue;
	}
	if (*s == STL_TABPAGENR || *s == STL_TABCLOSENR)
	{
	    if (*s == STL_TABCLOSENR)
	    {
		if (minwid == 0)
		{
		    /* %X ends the close label, go back to the previously
		     * define tab label nr. */
		    for (n = curitem - 1; n >= 0; --n)
			if (item[n].type == TabPage && item[n].minwid >= 0)
			{
			    minwid = item[n].minwid;
			    break;
			}
		}
		else
		    /* close nrs are stored as negative values */
		    minwid = - minwid;
	    }
	    item[curitem].type = TabPage;
	    item[curitem].start = p;
	    item[curitem].minwid = minwid;
	    s++;
	    curitem++;
	    continue;
	}
	if (*s == '.')
	{
	    s++;
	    if (VIM_ISDIGIT(*s))
	    {
		maxwid = (int)getdigits(&s);
		if (maxwid <= 0)	/* overflow */
		    maxwid = 50;
	    }
	}
	minwid = (minwid > 50 ? 50 : minwid) * l;
	if (*s == '(')
	{
	    groupitem[groupdepth++] = curitem;
	    item[curitem].type = Group;
	    item[curitem].start = p;
	    item[curitem].minwid = minwid;
	    item[curitem].maxwid = maxwid;
	    s++;
	    curitem++;
	    continue;
	}
	if (vim_strchr(STL_ALL, *s) == NULL)
	{
	    s++;
	    continue;
	}
	opt = *s++;

	/* OK - now for the real work */
	base = 'D';
	itemisflag = FALSE;
	fillable = TRUE;
	num = -1;
	str = NULL;
	switch (opt)
	{
	case STL_FILEPATH:
	case STL_FULLPATH:
	case STL_FILENAME:
	    fillable = FALSE;	/* don't change ' ' to fillchar */
	    if (buf_spname(wp->w_buffer) != NULL)
		STRCPY(NameBuff, buf_spname(wp->w_buffer));
	    else
	    {
		t = (opt == STL_FULLPATH) ? wp->w_buffer->b_ffname
					  : wp->w_buffer->b_fname;
		home_replace(wp->w_buffer, t, NameBuff, MAXPATHL, TRUE);
	    }
	    trans_characters(NameBuff, MAXPATHL);
	    if (opt != STL_FILENAME)
		str = NameBuff;
	    else
		str = gettail(NameBuff);
	    break;

	case STL_VIM_EXPR: /* '{' */
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    t = p;
	    while (*s != '}' && *s != NUL && p + 1 < out + outlen)
		*p++ = *s++;
	    if (*s != '}')	/* missing '}' or out of space */
		break;
	    s++;
	    *p = 0;
	    p = t;

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	    vim_snprintf((char *)tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%d", curbuf->b_fnum);
	    set_internal_string_var((char_u *)"actual_curbuf", tmp);

	    o_curbuf = curbuf;
	    o_curwin = curwin;
	    curwin = wp;
	    curbuf = wp->w_buffer;

	    str = eval_to_string_safe(p, &t, use_sandbox);

	    curwin = o_curwin;
	    curbuf = o_curbuf;
	    do_unlet((char_u *)"g:actual_curbuf", TRUE);

	    if (str != NULL && *str != 0)
	    {
		if (*skipdigits(str) == NUL)
		{
		    num = atoi((char *)str);
		    vim_free(str);
		    str = NULL;
		    itemisflag = FALSE;
		}
	    }
#endif
	    break;

	case STL_LINE:
	    num = (wp->w_buffer->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY)
		  ? 0L : (long)(wp->w_cursor.lnum);
	    break;

	case STL_NUMLINES:
	    num = wp->w_buffer->b_ml.ml_line_count;
	    break;

	case STL_COLUMN:
	    num = !(State & INSERT) && empty_line
		  ? 0 : (int)wp->w_cursor.col + 1;
	    break;

	case STL_VIRTCOL:
	case STL_VIRTCOL_ALT:
	    /* In list mode virtcol needs to be recomputed */
	    virtcol = wp->w_virtcol;
	    if (wp->w_p_list && lcs_tab1 == NUL)
	    {
		wp->w_p_list = FALSE;
		getvcol(wp, &wp->w_cursor, NULL, &virtcol, NULL);
		wp->w_p_list = TRUE;
	    }
	    ++virtcol;
	    /* Don't display %V if it's the same as %c. */
	    if (opt == STL_VIRTCOL_ALT
		    && (virtcol == (colnr_T)(!(State & INSERT) && empty_line
			    ? 0 : (int)wp->w_cursor.col + 1)))
		break;
	    num = (long)virtcol;
	    break;

	case STL_PERCENTAGE:
	    num = (int)(((long)wp->w_cursor.lnum * 100L) /
			(long)wp->w_buffer->b_ml.ml_line_count);
	    break;

	case STL_ALTPERCENT:
	    str = tmp;
	    get_rel_pos(wp, str, TMPLEN);
	    break;

	case STL_ARGLISTSTAT:
	    fillable = FALSE;
	    tmp[0] = 0;
	    if (append_arg_number(wp, tmp, (int)sizeof(tmp), FALSE))
		str = tmp;
	    break;

	case STL_KEYMAP:
	    fillable = FALSE;
	    if (get_keymap_str(wp, tmp, TMPLEN))
		str = tmp;
	    break;
	case STL_PAGENUM:
#if defined(FEAT_PRINTER) || defined(FEAT_GUI_TABLINE)
	    num = printer_page_num;
#else
	    num = 0;
#endif
	    break;

	case STL_BUFNO:
	    num = wp->w_buffer->b_fnum;
	    break;

	case STL_OFFSET_X:
	    base = 'X';
	case STL_OFFSET:
#ifdef FEAT_BYTEOFF
	    l = ml_find_line_or_offset(wp->w_buffer, wp->w_cursor.lnum, NULL);
	    num = (wp->w_buffer->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY) || l < 0 ?
		  0L : l + 1 + (!(State & INSERT) && empty_line ?
				0 : (int)wp->w_cursor.col);
#endif
	    break;

	case STL_BYTEVAL_X:
	    base = 'X';
	case STL_BYTEVAL:
	    if (wp->w_cursor.col > (colnr_T)STRLEN(linecont))
		num = 0;
	    else
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		num = (*mb_ptr2char)(linecont + wp->w_cursor.col);
#else
		num = linecont[wp->w_cursor.col];
#endif
	    }
	    if (num == NL)
		num = 0;
	    else if (num == CAR && get_fileformat(wp->w_buffer) == EOL_MAC)
		num = NL;
	    break;

	case STL_ROFLAG:
	case STL_ROFLAG_ALT:
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    if (wp->w_buffer->b_p_ro)
		str = (char_u *)((opt == STL_ROFLAG_ALT) ? ",RO" : "[RO]");
	    break;

	case STL_HELPFLAG:
	case STL_HELPFLAG_ALT:
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    if (wp->w_buffer->b_help)
		str = (char_u *)((opt == STL_HELPFLAG_ALT) ? ",HLP"
							       : _("[Help]"));
	    break;

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	case STL_FILETYPE:
	    if (*wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft != NUL
		    && STRLEN(wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft) < TMPLEN - 3)
	    {
		vim_snprintf((char *)tmp, sizeof(tmp), "[%s]",
							wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft);
		str = tmp;
	    }
	    break;

	case STL_FILETYPE_ALT:
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    if (*wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft != NUL
		    && STRLEN(wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft) < TMPLEN - 2)
	    {
		vim_snprintf((char *)tmp, sizeof(tmp), ",%s",
							wp->w_buffer->b_p_ft);
		for (t = tmp; *t != 0; t++)
		    *t = TOUPPER_LOC(*t);
		str = tmp;
	    }
	    break;
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_WINDOWS) && defined(FEAT_QUICKFIX)
	case STL_PREVIEWFLAG:
	case STL_PREVIEWFLAG_ALT:
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    if (wp->w_p_pvw)
		str = (char_u *)((opt == STL_PREVIEWFLAG_ALT) ? ",PRV"
							    : _("[Preview]"));
	    break;

	case STL_QUICKFIX:
	    if (bt_quickfix(wp->w_buffer))
		str = (char_u *)(wp->w_llist_ref
			    ? _(msg_loclist)
			    : _(msg_qflist));
	    break;
#endif

	case STL_MODIFIED:
	case STL_MODIFIED_ALT:
	    itemisflag = TRUE;
	    switch ((opt == STL_MODIFIED_ALT)
		    + bufIsChanged(wp->w_buffer) * 2
		    + (!wp->w_buffer->b_p_ma) * 4)
	    {
		case 2: str = (char_u *)"[+]"; break;
		case 3: str = (char_u *)",+"; break;
		case 4: str = (char_u *)"[-]"; break;
		case 5: str = (char_u *)",-"; break;
		case 6: str = (char_u *)"[+-]"; break;
		case 7: str = (char_u *)",+-"; break;
	    }
	    break;

	case STL_HIGHLIGHT:
	    t = s;
	    while (*s != '#' && *s != NUL)
		++s;
	    if (*s == '#')
	    {
		item[curitem].type = Highlight;
		item[curitem].start = p;
		item[curitem].minwid = -syn_namen2id(t, (int)(s - t));
		curitem++;
	    }
	    ++s;
	    continue;
	}

	item[curitem].start = p;
	item[curitem].type = Normal;
	if (str != NULL && *str)
	{
	    t = str;
	    if (itemisflag)
	    {
		if ((t[0] && t[1])
			&& ((!prevchar_isitem && *t == ',')
			      || (prevchar_isflag && *t == ' ')))
		    t++;
		prevchar_isflag = TRUE;
	    }
	    l = vim_strsize(t);
	    if (l > 0)
		prevchar_isitem = TRUE;
	    if (l > maxwid)
	    {
		while (l >= maxwid)
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		    if (has_mbyte)
		    {
			l -= ptr2cells(t);
			t += (*mb_ptr2len)(t);
		    }
		    else
#endif
			l -= byte2cells(*t++);
		if (p + 1 >= out + outlen)
		    break;
		*p++ = '<';
	    }
	    if (minwid > 0)
	    {
		for (; l < minwid && p + 1 < out + outlen; l++)
		{
		    /* Don't put a "-" in front of a digit. */
		    if (l + 1 == minwid && fillchar == '-' && VIM_ISDIGIT(*t))
			*p++ = ' ';
		    else
			*p++ = fillchar;
		}
		minwid = 0;
	    }
	    else
		minwid *= -1;
	    while (*t && p + 1 < out + outlen)
	    {
		*p++ = *t++;
		/* Change a space by fillchar, unless fillchar is '-' and a
		 * digit follows. */
		if (fillable && p[-1] == ' '
				     && (!VIM_ISDIGIT(*t) || fillchar != '-'))
		    p[-1] = fillchar;
	    }
	    for (; l < minwid && p + 1 < out + outlen; l++)
		*p++ = fillchar;
	}
	else if (num >= 0)
	{
	    int nbase = (base == 'D' ? 10 : (base == 'O' ? 8 : 16));
	    char_u nstr[20];

	    if (p + 20 >= out + outlen)
		break;		/* not sufficient space */
	    prevchar_isitem = TRUE;
	    t = nstr;
	    if (opt == STL_VIRTCOL_ALT)
	    {
		*t++ = '-';
		minwid--;
	    }
	    *t++ = '%';
	    if (zeropad)
		*t++ = '0';
	    *t++ = '*';
	    *t++ = nbase == 16 ? base : (char_u)(nbase == 8 ? 'o' : 'd');
	    *t = 0;

	    for (n = num, l = 1; n >= nbase; n /= nbase)
		l++;
	    if (opt == STL_VIRTCOL_ALT)
		l++;
	    if (l > maxwid)
	    {
		l += 2;
		n = l - maxwid;
		while (l-- > maxwid)
		    num /= nbase;
		*t++ = '>';
		*t++ = '%';
		*t = t[-3];
		*++t = 0;
		vim_snprintf((char *)p, outlen - (p - out), (char *)nstr,
								   0, num, n);
	    }
	    else
		vim_snprintf((char *)p, outlen - (p - out), (char *)nstr,
								 minwid, num);
	    p += STRLEN(p);
	}
	else
	    item[curitem].type = Empty;

	if (opt == STL_VIM_EXPR)
	    vim_free(str);

	if (num >= 0 || (!itemisflag && str && *str))
	    prevchar_isflag = FALSE;	    /* Item not NULL, but not a flag */
	curitem++;
    }
    *p = NUL;
    itemcnt = curitem;

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (usefmt != fmt)
	vim_free(usefmt);
#endif

    width = vim_strsize(out);
    if (maxwidth > 0 && width > maxwidth)
    {
	/* Result is too long, must truncate somewhere. */
	l = 0;
	if (itemcnt == 0)
	    s = out;
	else
	{
	    for ( ; l < itemcnt; l++)
		if (item[l].type == Trunc)
		{
		    /* Truncate at %< item. */
		    s = item[l].start;
		    break;
		}
	    if (l == itemcnt)
	    {
		/* No %< item, truncate first item. */
		s = item[0].start;
		l = 0;
	    }
	}

	if (width - vim_strsize(s) >= maxwidth)
	{
	    /* Truncation mark is beyond max length */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
	    {
		s = out;
		width = 0;
		for (;;)
		{
		    width += ptr2cells(s);
		    if (width >= maxwidth)
			break;
		    s += (*mb_ptr2len)(s);
		}
		/* Fill up for half a double-wide character. */
		while (++width < maxwidth)
		    *s++ = fillchar;
	    }
	    else
#endif
		s = out + maxwidth - 1;
	    for (l = 0; l < itemcnt; l++)
		if (item[l].start > s)
		    break;
	    itemcnt = l;
	    *s++ = '>';
	    *s = 0;
	}
	else
	{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
	    {
		n = 0;
		while (width >= maxwidth)
		{
		    width -= ptr2cells(s + n);
		    n += (*mb_ptr2len)(s + n);
		}
	    }
	    else
#endif
		n = width - maxwidth + 1;
	    p = s + n;
	    STRMOVE(s + 1, p);
	    *s = '<';

	    /* Fill up for half a double-wide character. */
	    while (++width < maxwidth)
	    {
		s = s + STRLEN(s);
		*s++ = fillchar;
		*s = NUL;
	    }

	    --n;	/* count the '<' */
	    for (; l < itemcnt; l++)
	    {
		if (item[l].start - n >= s)
		    item[l].start -= n;
		else
		    item[l].start = s;
	    }
	}
	width = maxwidth;
    }
    else if (width < maxwidth && STRLEN(out) + maxwidth - width + 1 < outlen)
    {
	/* Apply STL_MIDDLE if any */
	for (l = 0; l < itemcnt; l++)
	    if (item[l].type == Middle)
		break;
	if (l < itemcnt)
	{
	    p = item[l].start + maxwidth - width;
	    STRMOVE(p, item[l].start);
	    for (s = item[l].start; s < p; s++)
		*s = fillchar;
	    for (l++; l < itemcnt; l++)
		item[l].start += maxwidth - width;
	    width = maxwidth;
	}
    }

    /* Store the info about highlighting. */
    if (hltab != NULL)
    {
	sp = hltab;
	for (l = 0; l < itemcnt; l++)
	{
	    if (item[l].type == Highlight)
	    {
		sp->start = item[l].start;
		sp->userhl = item[l].minwid;
		sp++;
	    }
	}
	sp->start = NULL;
	sp->userhl = 0;
    }

    /* Store the info about tab pages labels. */
    if (tabtab != NULL)
    {
	sp = tabtab;
	for (l = 0; l < itemcnt; l++)
	{
	    if (item[l].type == TabPage)
	    {
		sp->start = item[l].start;
		sp->userhl = item[l].minwid;
		sp++;
	    }
	}
	sp->start = NULL;
	sp->userhl = 0;
    }

    return width;
}
#endif /* FEAT_STL_OPT */

#if defined(FEAT_STL_OPT) || defined(FEAT_CMDL_INFO) \
	    || defined(FEAT_GUI_TABLINE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Get relative cursor position in window into "buf[buflen]", in the form 99%,
 * using "Top", "Bot" or "All" when appropriate.
 */
    void
get_rel_pos(wp, buf, buflen)
    win_T	*wp;
    char_u	*buf;
    int		buflen;
{
    long	above; /* number of lines above window */
    long	below; /* number of lines below window */

    above = wp->w_topline - 1;
#ifdef FEAT_DIFF
    above += diff_check_fill(wp, wp->w_topline) - wp->w_topfill;
#endif
    below = wp->w_buffer->b_ml.ml_line_count - wp->w_botline + 1;
    if (below <= 0)
	vim_strncpy(buf, (char_u *)(above == 0 ? _("All") : _("Bot")),
							(size_t)(buflen - 1));
    else if (above <= 0)
	vim_strncpy(buf, (char_u *)_("Top"), (size_t)(buflen - 1));
    else
	vim_snprintf((char *)buf, (size_t)buflen, "%2d%%", above > 1000000L
				    ? (int)(above / ((above + below) / 100L))
				    : (int)(above * 100L / (above + below)));
}
#endif

/*
 * Append (file 2 of 8) to "buf[buflen]", if editing more than one file.
 * Return TRUE if it was appended.
 */
    static int
append_arg_number(wp, buf, buflen, add_file)
    win_T	*wp;
    char_u	*buf;
    int		buflen;
    int		add_file;	/* Add "file" before the arg number */
{
    char_u	*p;

    if (ARGCOUNT <= 1)		/* nothing to do */
	return FALSE;

    p = buf + STRLEN(buf);	/* go to the end of the buffer */
    if (p - buf + 35 >= buflen)	/* getting too long */
	return FALSE;
    *p++ = ' ';
    *p++ = '(';
    if (add_file)
    {
	STRCPY(p, "file ");
	p += 5;
    }
    vim_snprintf((char *)p, (size_t)(buflen - (p - buf)),
		wp->w_arg_idx_invalid ? "(%d) of %d)"
				  : "%d of %d)", wp->w_arg_idx + 1, ARGCOUNT);
    return TRUE;
}

/*
 * If fname is not a full path, make it a full path.
 * Returns pointer to allocated memory (NULL for failure).
 */
    char_u  *
fix_fname(fname)
    char_u  *fname;
{
    /*
     * Force expanding the path always for Unix, because symbolic links may
     * mess up the full path name, even though it starts with a '/'.
     * Also expand when there is ".." in the file name, try to remove it,
     * because "c:/src/../README" is equal to "c:/README".
     * Similarly "c:/src//file" is equal to "c:/src/file".
     * For MS-Windows also expand names like "longna~1" to "longname".
     */
#ifdef UNIX
    return FullName_save(fname, TRUE);
#else
    if (!vim_isAbsName(fname)
	    || strstr((char *)fname, "..") != NULL
	    || strstr((char *)fname, "//") != NULL
# ifdef BACKSLASH_IN_FILENAME
	    || strstr((char *)fname, "\\\\") != NULL
# endif
# if defined(MSWIN) || defined(DJGPP)
	    || vim_strchr(fname, '~') != NULL
# endif
	    )
	return FullName_save(fname, FALSE);

    fname = vim_strsave(fname);

# ifdef USE_FNAME_CASE
#  ifdef USE_LONG_FNAME
    if (USE_LONG_FNAME)
#  endif
    {
	if (fname != NULL)
	    fname_case(fname, 0);	/* set correct case for file name */
    }
# endif

    return fname;
#endif
}

/*
 * Make "ffname" a full file name, set "sfname" to "ffname" if not NULL.
 * "ffname" becomes a pointer to allocated memory (or NULL).
 */
    void
fname_expand(buf, ffname, sfname)
    buf_T	*buf UNUSED;
    char_u	**ffname;
    char_u	**sfname;
{
    if (*ffname == NULL)	/* if no file name given, nothing to do */
	return;
    if (*sfname == NULL)	/* if no short file name given, use ffname */
	*sfname = *ffname;
    *ffname = fix_fname(*ffname);   /* expand to full path */

#ifdef FEAT_SHORTCUT
    if (!buf->b_p_bin)
    {
	char_u  *rfname;

	/* If the file name is a shortcut file, use the file it links to. */
	rfname = mch_resolve_shortcut(*ffname);
	if (rfname != NULL)
	{
	    vim_free(*ffname);
	    *ffname = rfname;
	    *sfname = rfname;
	}
    }
#endif
}

/*
 * Get the file name for an argument list entry.
 */
    char_u *
alist_name(aep)
    aentry_T	*aep;
{
    buf_T	*bp;

    /* Use the name from the associated buffer if it exists. */
    bp = buflist_findnr(aep->ae_fnum);
    if (bp == NULL || bp->b_fname == NULL)
	return aep->ae_fname;
    return bp->b_fname;
}

#if defined(FEAT_WINDOWS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * do_arg_all(): Open up to 'count' windows, one for each argument.
 */
    void
do_arg_all(count, forceit, keep_tabs)
    int	count;
    int	forceit;		/* hide buffers in current windows */
    int keep_tabs;		/* keep current tabs, for ":tab drop file" */
{
    int		i;
    win_T	*wp, *wpnext;
    char_u	*opened;	/* array of flags for which args are open */
    int		opened_len;	/* length of opened[] */
    int		use_firstwin = FALSE;	/* use first window for arglist */
    int		split_ret = OK;
    int		p_ea_save;
    alist_T	*alist;		/* argument list to be used */
    buf_T	*buf;
    tabpage_T	*tpnext;
    int		had_tab = cmdmod.tab;
    win_T	*new_curwin = NULL;
    tabpage_T	*new_curtab = NULL;

    if (ARGCOUNT <= 0)
    {
	/* Don't give an error message.  We don't want it when the ":all"
	 * command is in the .vimrc. */
	return;
    }
    setpcmark();

    opened_len = ARGCOUNT;
    opened = alloc_clear((unsigned)opened_len);
    if (opened == NULL)
	return;

#ifdef FEAT_GUI
    need_mouse_correct = TRUE;
#endif

    /*
     * Try closing all windows that are not in the argument list.
     * Also close windows that are not full width;
     * When 'hidden' or "forceit" set the buffer becomes hidden.
     * Windows that have a changed buffer and can't be hidden won't be closed.
     * When the ":tab" modifier was used do this for all tab pages.
     */
    if (had_tab > 0)
	goto_tabpage_tp(first_tabpage);
    for (;;)
    {
	tpnext = curtab->tp_next;
	for (wp = firstwin; wp != NULL; wp = wpnext)
	{
	    wpnext = wp->w_next;
	    buf = wp->w_buffer;
	    if (buf->b_ffname == NULL
		    || buf->b_nwindows > 1
#ifdef FEAT_VERTSPLIT
		    || wp->w_width != Columns
#endif
		    )
		i = ARGCOUNT;
	    else
	    {
		/* check if the buffer in this window is in the arglist */
		for (i = 0; i < ARGCOUNT; ++i)
		{
		    if (ARGLIST[i].ae_fnum == buf->b_fnum
			    || fullpathcmp(alist_name(&ARGLIST[i]),
					      buf->b_ffname, TRUE) & FPC_SAME)
		    {
			if (i < opened_len)
			{
			    opened[i] = TRUE;
			    if (i == 0)
			    {
				new_curwin = wp;
				new_curtab = curtab;
			    }
			}
			if (wp->w_alist != curwin->w_alist)
			{
			    /* Use the current argument list for all windows
			     * containing a file from it. */
			    alist_unlink(wp->w_alist);
			    wp->w_alist = curwin->w_alist;
			    ++wp->w_alist->al_refcount;
			}
			break;
		    }
		}
	    }
	    wp->w_arg_idx = i;

	    if (i == ARGCOUNT && !keep_tabs)	/* close this window */
	    {
		if (P_HID(buf) || forceit || buf->b_nwindows > 1
							|| !bufIsChanged(buf))
		{
		    /* If the buffer was changed, and we would like to hide it,
		     * try autowriting. */
		    if (!P_HID(buf) && buf->b_nwindows <= 1
							 && bufIsChanged(buf))
		    {
			(void)autowrite(buf, FALSE);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
			/* check if autocommands removed the window */
			if (!win_valid(wp) || !buf_valid(buf))
			{
			    wpnext = firstwin;	/* start all over... */
			    continue;
			}
#endif
		    }
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
		    /* don't close last window */
		    if (firstwin == lastwin && first_tabpage->tp_next == NULL)
#endif
			use_firstwin = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
		    else
		    {
			win_close(wp, !P_HID(buf) && !bufIsChanged(buf));
# ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
			/* check if autocommands removed the next window */
			if (!win_valid(wpnext))
			    wpnext = firstwin;	/* start all over... */
# endif
		    }
#endif
		}
	    }
	}

	/* Without the ":tab" modifier only do the current tab page. */
	if (had_tab == 0 || tpnext == NULL)
	    break;

# ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	/* check if autocommands removed the next tab page */
	if (!valid_tabpage(tpnext))
	    tpnext = first_tabpage;	/* start all over...*/
# endif
	goto_tabpage_tp(tpnext);
    }

    /*
     * Open a window for files in the argument list that don't have one.
     * ARGCOUNT may change while doing this, because of autocommands.
     */
    if (count > ARGCOUNT || count <= 0)
	count = ARGCOUNT;

    /* Autocommands may do anything to the argument list.  Make sure it's not
     * freed while we are working here by "locking" it.  We still have to
     * watch out for its size to be changed. */
    alist = curwin->w_alist;
    ++alist->al_refcount;

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* Don't execute Win/Buf Enter/Leave autocommands here. */
    ++autocmd_no_enter;
    ++autocmd_no_leave;
#endif
    win_enter(lastwin, FALSE);
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    /* ":drop all" should re-use an empty window to avoid "--remote-tab"
     * leaving an empty tab page when executed locally. */
    if (keep_tabs && bufempty() && curbuf->b_nwindows == 1
			    && curbuf->b_ffname == NULL && !curbuf->b_changed)
	use_firstwin = TRUE;
#endif

    for (i = 0; i < count && i < alist->al_ga.ga_len && !got_int; ++i)
    {
	if (alist == &global_alist && i == global_alist.al_ga.ga_len - 1)
	    arg_had_last = TRUE;
	if (i < opened_len && opened[i])
	{
	    /* Move the already present window to below the current window */
	    if (curwin->w_arg_idx != i)
	    {
		for (wpnext = firstwin; wpnext != NULL; wpnext = wpnext->w_next)
		{
		    if (wpnext->w_arg_idx == i)
		    {
			win_move_after(wpnext, curwin);
			break;
		    }
		}
	    }
	}
	else if (split_ret == OK)
	{
	    if (!use_firstwin)		/* split current window */
	    {
		p_ea_save = p_ea;
		p_ea = TRUE;		/* use space from all windows */
		split_ret = win_split(0, WSP_ROOM | WSP_BELOW);
		p_ea = p_ea_save;
		if (split_ret == FAIL)
		    continue;
	    }
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    else    /* first window: do autocmd for leaving this buffer */
		--autocmd_no_leave;
#endif

	    /*
	     * edit file "i"
	     */
	    curwin->w_arg_idx = i;
	    if (i == 0)
	    {
		new_curwin = curwin;
		new_curtab = curtab;
	    }
	    (void)do_ecmd(0, alist_name(&AARGLIST(alist)[i]), NULL, NULL,
		      ECMD_ONE,
		      ((P_HID(curwin->w_buffer)
			   || bufIsChanged(curwin->w_buffer)) ? ECMD_HIDE : 0)
						       + ECMD_OLDBUF, curwin);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    if (use_firstwin)
		++autocmd_no_leave;
#endif
	    use_firstwin = FALSE;
	}
	ui_breakcheck();

	/* When ":tab" was used open a new tab for a new window repeatedly. */
	if (had_tab > 0 && tabpage_index(NULL) <= p_tpm)
	    cmdmod.tab = 9999;
    }

    /* Remove the "lock" on the argument list. */
    alist_unlink(alist);

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    --autocmd_no_enter;
#endif
    /* to window with first arg */
    if (valid_tabpage(new_curtab))
	goto_tabpage_tp(new_curtab);
    if (win_valid(new_curwin))
	win_enter(new_curwin, FALSE);

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    --autocmd_no_leave;
#endif
    vim_free(opened);
}

# if defined(FEAT_LISTCMDS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Open a window for a number of buffers.
 */
    void
ex_buffer_all(eap)
    exarg_T	*eap;
{
    buf_T	*buf;
    win_T	*wp, *wpnext;
    int		split_ret = OK;
    int		p_ea_save;
    int		open_wins = 0;
    int		r;
    int		count;		/* Maximum number of windows to open. */
    int		all;		/* When TRUE also load inactive buffers. */
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    int		had_tab = cmdmod.tab;
    tabpage_T	*tpnext;
#endif

    if (eap->addr_count == 0)	/* make as many windows as possible */
	count = 9999;
    else
	count = eap->line2;	/* make as many windows as specified */
    if (eap->cmdidx == CMD_unhide || eap->cmdidx == CMD_sunhide)
	all = FALSE;
    else
	all = TRUE;

    setpcmark();

#ifdef FEAT_GUI
    need_mouse_correct = TRUE;
#endif

    /*
     * Close superfluous windows (two windows for the same buffer).
     * Also close windows that are not full-width.
     */
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    if (had_tab > 0)
	goto_tabpage_tp(first_tabpage);
    for (;;)
    {
#endif
	tpnext = curtab->tp_next;
	for (wp = firstwin; wp != NULL; wp = wpnext)
	{
	    wpnext = wp->w_next;
	    if ((wp->w_buffer->b_nwindows > 1
#ifdef FEAT_VERTSPLIT
		    || ((cmdmod.split & WSP_VERT)
			? wp->w_height + wp->w_status_height < Rows - p_ch
							    - tabline_height()
			: wp->w_width != Columns)
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
		    || (had_tab > 0 && wp != firstwin)
#endif
		    ) && firstwin != lastwin)
	    {
		win_close(wp, FALSE);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
		wpnext = firstwin;	/* just in case an autocommand does
					   something strange with windows */
		tpnext = first_tabpage;	/* start all over...*/
		open_wins = 0;
#endif
	    }
	    else
		++open_wins;
	}

#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	/* Without the ":tab" modifier only do the current tab page. */
	if (had_tab == 0 || tpnext == NULL)
	    break;
	goto_tabpage_tp(tpnext);
    }
#endif

    /*
     * Go through the buffer list.  When a buffer doesn't have a window yet,
     * open one.  Otherwise move the window to the right position.
     * Watch out for autocommands that delete buffers or windows!
     */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    /* Don't execute Win/Buf Enter/Leave autocommands here. */
    ++autocmd_no_enter;
#endif
    win_enter(lastwin, FALSE);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    ++autocmd_no_leave;
#endif
    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL && open_wins < count; buf = buf->b_next)
    {
	/* Check if this buffer needs a window */
	if ((!all && buf->b_ml.ml_mfp == NULL) || !buf->b_p_bl)
	    continue;

#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	if (had_tab != 0)
	{
	    /* With the ":tab" modifier don't move the window. */
	    if (buf->b_nwindows > 0)
		wp = lastwin;	    /* buffer has a window, skip it */
	    else
		wp = NULL;
	}
	else
#endif
	{
	    /* Check if this buffer already has a window */
	    for (wp = firstwin; wp != NULL; wp = wp->w_next)
		if (wp->w_buffer == buf)
		    break;
	    /* If the buffer already has a window, move it */
	    if (wp != NULL)
		win_move_after(wp, curwin);
	}

	if (wp == NULL && split_ret == OK)
	{
	    /* Split the window and put the buffer in it */
	    p_ea_save = p_ea;
	    p_ea = TRUE;		/* use space from all windows */
	    split_ret = win_split(0, WSP_ROOM | WSP_BELOW);
	    ++open_wins;
	    p_ea = p_ea_save;
	    if (split_ret == FAIL)
		continue;

	    /* Open the buffer in this window. */
#if defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION)
	    swap_exists_action = SEA_DIALOG;
#endif
	    set_curbuf(buf, DOBUF_GOTO);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    if (!buf_valid(buf))	/* autocommands deleted the buffer!!! */
	    {
#if defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION)
		swap_exists_action = SEA_NONE;
# endif
		break;
	    }
#endif
#if defined(HAS_SWAP_EXISTS_ACTION)
	    if (swap_exists_action == SEA_QUIT)
	    {
# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
		cleanup_T   cs;

		/* Reset the error/interrupt/exception state here so that
		 * aborting() returns FALSE when closing a window. */
		enter_cleanup(&cs);
# endif

		/* User selected Quit at ATTENTION prompt; close this window. */
		win_close(curwin, TRUE);
		--open_wins;
		swap_exists_action = SEA_NONE;
		swap_exists_did_quit = TRUE;

# if defined(FEAT_AUTOCMD) && defined(FEAT_EVAL)
		/* Restore the error/interrupt/exception state if not
		 * discarded by a new aborting error, interrupt, or uncaught
		 * exception. */
		leave_cleanup(&cs);
# endif
	    }
	    else
		handle_swap_exists(NULL);
#endif
	}

	ui_breakcheck();
	if (got_int)
	{
	    (void)vgetc();	/* only break the file loading, not the rest */
	    break;
	}
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	/* Autocommands deleted the buffer or aborted script processing!!! */
	if (aborting())
	    break;
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
	/* When ":tab" was used open a new tab for a new window repeatedly. */
	if (had_tab > 0 && tabpage_index(NULL) <= p_tpm)
	    cmdmod.tab = 9999;
#endif
    }
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    --autocmd_no_enter;
#endif
    win_enter(firstwin, FALSE);		/* back to first window */
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    --autocmd_no_leave;
#endif

    /*
     * Close superfluous windows.
     */
    for (wp = lastwin; open_wins > count; )
    {
	r = (P_HID(wp->w_buffer) || !bufIsChanged(wp->w_buffer)
				     || autowrite(wp->w_buffer, FALSE) == OK);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	if (!win_valid(wp))
	{
	    /* BufWrite Autocommands made the window invalid, start over */
	    wp = lastwin;
	}
	else
#endif
	    if (r)
	{
	    win_close(wp, !P_HID(wp->w_buffer));
	    --open_wins;
	    wp = lastwin;
	}
	else
	{
	    wp = wp->w_prev;
	    if (wp == NULL)
		break;
	}
    }
}
# endif /* FEAT_LISTCMDS */

#endif /* FEAT_WINDOWS */

static int  chk_modeline __ARGS((linenr_T, int));

/*
 * do_modelines() - process mode lines for the current file
 *
 * "flags" can be:
 * OPT_WINONLY	    only set options local to window
 * OPT_NOWIN	    don't set options local to window
 *
 * Returns immediately if the "ml" option isn't set.
 */
    void
do_modelines(flags)
    int		flags;
{
    linenr_T	lnum;
    int		nmlines;
    static int	entered = 0;

    if (!curbuf->b_p_ml || (nmlines = (int)p_mls) == 0)
	return;

    /* Disallow recursive entry here.  Can happen when executing a modeline
     * triggers an autocommand, which reloads modelines with a ":do". */
    if (entered)
	return;

    ++entered;
    for (lnum = 1; lnum <= curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count && lnum <= nmlines;
								       ++lnum)
	if (chk_modeline(lnum, flags) == FAIL)
	    nmlines = 0;

    for (lnum = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count; lnum > 0 && lnum > nmlines
		       && lnum > curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count - nmlines; --lnum)
	if (chk_modeline(lnum, flags) == FAIL)
	    nmlines = 0;
    --entered;
}

#include "version.h"		/* for version number */

/*
 * chk_modeline() - check a single line for a mode string
 * Return FAIL if an error encountered.
 */
    static int
chk_modeline(lnum, flags)
    linenr_T	lnum;
    int		flags;		/* Same as for do_modelines(). */
{
    char_u	*s;
    char_u	*e;
    char_u	*linecopy;		/* local copy of any modeline found */
    int		prev;
    int		vers;
    int		end;
    int		retval = OK;
    char_u	*save_sourcing_name;
    linenr_T	save_sourcing_lnum;
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    scid_T	save_SID;
#endif

    prev = -1;
    for (s = ml_get(lnum); *s != NUL; ++s)
    {
	if (prev == -1 || vim_isspace(prev))
	{
	    if ((prev != -1 && STRNCMP(s, "ex:", (size_t)3) == 0)
		    || STRNCMP(s, "vi:", (size_t)3) == 0)
		break;
	    if (STRNCMP(s, "vim", 3) == 0)
	    {
		if (s[3] == '<' || s[3] == '=' || s[3] == '>')
		    e = s + 4;
		else
		    e = s + 3;
		vers = getdigits(&e);
		if (*e == ':'
			&& (s[3] == ':'
			    || (VIM_VERSION_100 >= vers && isdigit(s[3]))
			    || (VIM_VERSION_100 < vers && s[3] == '<')
			    || (VIM_VERSION_100 > vers && s[3] == '>')
			    || (VIM_VERSION_100 == vers && s[3] == '=')))
		    break;
	    }
	}
	prev = *s;
    }

    if (*s)
    {
	do				/* skip over "ex:", "vi:" or "vim:" */
	    ++s;
	while (s[-1] != ':');

	s = linecopy = vim_strsave(s);	/* copy the line, it will change */
	if (linecopy == NULL)
	    return FAIL;

	save_sourcing_lnum = sourcing_lnum;
	save_sourcing_name = sourcing_name;
	sourcing_lnum = lnum;		/* prepare for emsg() */
	sourcing_name = (char_u *)"modelines";

	end = FALSE;
	while (end == FALSE)
	{
	    s = skipwhite(s);
	    if (*s == NUL)
		break;

	    /*
	     * Find end of set command: ':' or end of line.
	     * Skip over "\:", replacing it with ":".
	     */
	    for (e = s; *e != ':' && *e != NUL; ++e)
		if (e[0] == '\\' && e[1] == ':')
		    STRMOVE(e, e + 1);
	    if (*e == NUL)
		end = TRUE;

	    /*
	     * If there is a "set" command, require a terminating ':' and
	     * ignore the stuff after the ':'.
	     * "vi:set opt opt opt: foo" -- foo not interpreted
	     * "vi:opt opt opt: foo" -- foo interpreted
	     * Accept "se" for compatibility with Elvis.
	     */
	    if (STRNCMP(s, "set ", (size_t)4) == 0
		    || STRNCMP(s, "se ", (size_t)3) == 0)
	    {
		if (*e != ':')		/* no terminating ':'? */
		    break;
		end = TRUE;
		s = vim_strchr(s, ' ') + 1;
	    }
	    *e = NUL;			/* truncate the set command */

	    if (*s != NUL)		/* skip over an empty "::" */
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
		save_SID = current_SID;
		current_SID = SID_MODELINE;
#endif
		retval = do_set(s, OPT_MODELINE | OPT_LOCAL | flags);
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
		current_SID = save_SID;
#endif
		if (retval == FAIL)		/* stop if error found */
		    break;
	    }
	    s = e + 1;			/* advance to next part */
	}

	sourcing_lnum = save_sourcing_lnum;
	sourcing_name = save_sourcing_name;

	vim_free(linecopy);
    }
    return retval;
}

#if defined(FEAT_VIMINFO) || defined(PROTO)
    int
read_viminfo_bufferlist(virp, writing)
    vir_T	*virp;
    int		writing;
{
    char_u	*tab;
    linenr_T	lnum;
    colnr_T	col;
    buf_T	*buf;
    char_u	*sfname;
    char_u	*xline;

    /* Handle long line and escaped characters. */
    xline = viminfo_readstring(virp, 1, FALSE);

    /* don't read in if there are files on the command-line or if writing: */
    if (xline != NULL && !writing && ARGCOUNT == 0
				       && find_viminfo_parameter('%') != NULL)
    {
	/* Format is: <fname> Tab <lnum> Tab <col>.
	 * Watch out for a Tab in the file name, work from the end. */
	lnum = 0;
	col = 0;
	tab = vim_strrchr(xline, '\t');
	if (tab != NULL)
	{
	    *tab++ = '\0';
	    col = (colnr_T)atoi((char *)tab);
	    tab = vim_strrchr(xline, '\t');
	    if (tab != NULL)
	    {
		*tab++ = '\0';
		lnum = atol((char *)tab);
	    }
	}

	/* Expand "~/" in the file name at "line + 1" to a full path.
	 * Then try shortening it by comparing with the current directory */
	expand_env(xline, NameBuff, MAXPATHL);
	sfname = shorten_fname1(NameBuff);

	buf = buflist_new(NameBuff, sfname, (linenr_T)0, BLN_LISTED);
	if (buf != NULL)	/* just in case... */
	{
	    buf->b_last_cursor.lnum = lnum;
	    buf->b_last_cursor.col = col;
	    buflist_setfpos(buf, curwin, lnum, col, FALSE);
	}
    }
    vim_free(xline);

    return viminfo_readline(virp);
}

    void
write_viminfo_bufferlist(fp)
    FILE    *fp;
{
    buf_T	*buf;
#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    win_T	*win;
    tabpage_T	*tp;
#endif
    char_u	*line;
    int		max_buffers;

    if (find_viminfo_parameter('%') == NULL)
	return;

    /* Without a number -1 is returned: do all buffers. */
    max_buffers = get_viminfo_parameter('%');

    /* Allocate room for the file name, lnum and col. */
#define LINE_BUF_LEN (MAXPATHL + 40)
    line = alloc(LINE_BUF_LEN);
    if (line == NULL)
	return;

#ifdef FEAT_WINDOWS
    FOR_ALL_TAB_WINDOWS(tp, win)
	set_last_cursor(win);
#else
    set_last_cursor(curwin);
#endif

    fputs(_("\n# Buffer list:\n"), fp);
    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL ; buf = buf->b_next)
    {
	if (buf->b_fname == NULL
		|| !buf->b_p_bl
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
		|| bt_quickfix(buf)
#endif
		|| removable(buf->b_ffname))
	    continue;

	if (max_buffers-- == 0)
	    break;
	putc('%', fp);
	home_replace(NULL, buf->b_ffname, line, MAXPATHL, TRUE);
	vim_snprintf_add((char *)line, LINE_BUF_LEN, "\t%ld\t%d",
			(long)buf->b_last_cursor.lnum,
			buf->b_last_cursor.col);
	viminfo_writestring(fp, line);
    }
    vim_free(line);
}
#endif


/*
 * Return special buffer name.
 * Returns NULL when the buffer has a normal file name.
 */
    char *
buf_spname(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
#if defined(FEAT_QUICKFIX) && defined(FEAT_WINDOWS)
    if (bt_quickfix(buf))
    {
	win_T	    *win = NULL;
	tabpage_T   *tp;

	/*
	 * For location list window, w_llist_ref points to the location list.
	 * For quickfix window, w_llist_ref is NULL.
	 */
	FOR_ALL_TAB_WINDOWS(tp, win)
	    if (win->w_buffer == buf)
		goto win_found;
win_found:
	if (win != NULL && win->w_llist_ref != NULL)
	    return _(msg_loclist);
	else
	    return _(msg_qflist);
    }
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_QUICKFIX
    /* There is no _file_ when 'buftype' is "nofile", b_sfname
     * contains the name as specified by the user */
    if (bt_nofile(buf))
    {
	if (buf->b_sfname != NULL)
	    return (char *)buf->b_sfname;
	return _("[Scratch]");
    }
#endif
    if (buf->b_fname == NULL)
	return _("[No Name]");
    return NULL;
}


#if defined(FEAT_SIGNS) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Insert the sign into the signlist.
 */
    static void
insert_sign(buf, prev, next, id, lnum, typenr)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer to store sign in */
    signlist_T	*prev;		/* previous sign entry */
    signlist_T	*next;		/* next sign entry */
    int		id;		/* sign ID */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* line number which gets the mark */
    int		typenr;		/* typenr of sign we are adding */
{
    signlist_T	*newsign;

    newsign = (signlist_T *)lalloc((long_u)sizeof(signlist_T), FALSE);
    if (newsign != NULL)
    {
	newsign->id = id;
	newsign->lnum = lnum;
	newsign->typenr = typenr;
	newsign->next = next;
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	newsign->prev = prev;
	if (next != NULL)
	    next->prev = newsign;
#endif

	if (prev == NULL)
	{
	    /* When adding first sign need to redraw the windows to create the
	     * column for signs. */
	    if (buf->b_signlist == NULL)
	    {
		redraw_buf_later(buf, NOT_VALID);
		changed_cline_bef_curs();
	    }

	    /* first sign in signlist */
	    buf->b_signlist = newsign;
	}
	else
	    prev->next = newsign;
    }
}

/*
 * Add the sign into the signlist. Find the right spot to do it though.
 */
    void
buf_addsign(buf, id, lnum, typenr)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer to store sign in */
    int		id;		/* sign ID */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* line number which gets the mark */
    int		typenr;		/* typenr of sign we are adding */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */
    signlist_T	*prev;		/* the previous sign */

    prev = NULL;
    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
    {
	if (lnum == sign->lnum && id == sign->id)
	{
	    sign->typenr = typenr;
	    return;
	}
	else if (
#ifndef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG  /* keep signs sorted by lnum */
		   id < 0 &&
#endif
			     lnum < sign->lnum)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG /* insert new sign at head of list for this lnum */
	    /* XXX - GRP: Is this because of sign slide problem? Or is it
	     * really needed? Or is it because we allow multiple signs per
	     * line? If so, should I add that feature to FEAT_SIGNS?
	     */
	    while (prev != NULL && prev->lnum == lnum)
		prev = prev->prev;
	    if (prev == NULL)
		sign = buf->b_signlist;
	    else
		sign = prev->next;
#endif
	    insert_sign(buf, prev, sign, id, lnum, typenr);
	    return;
	}
	prev = sign;
    }
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG /* insert new sign at head of list for this lnum */
    /* XXX - GRP: See previous comment */
    while (prev != NULL && prev->lnum == lnum)
	prev = prev->prev;
    if (prev == NULL)
	sign = buf->b_signlist;
    else
	sign = prev->next;
#endif
    insert_sign(buf, prev, sign, id, lnum, typenr);

    return;
}

    linenr_T
buf_change_sign_type(buf, markId, typenr)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer to store sign in */
    int		markId;		/* sign ID */
    int		typenr;		/* typenr of sign we are adding */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
    {
	if (sign->id == markId)
	{
	    sign->typenr = typenr;
	    return sign->lnum;
	}
    }

    return (linenr_T)0;
}

    int
buf_getsigntype(buf, lnum, type)
    buf_T	*buf;
    linenr_T	lnum;
    int		type;	/* SIGN_ICON, SIGN_TEXT, SIGN_ANY, SIGN_LINEHL */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in a b_signlist */

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
	if (sign->lnum == lnum
		&& (type == SIGN_ANY
# ifdef FEAT_SIGN_ICONS
		    || (type == SIGN_ICON
			&& sign_get_image(sign->typenr) != NULL)
# endif
		    || (type == SIGN_TEXT
			&& sign_get_text(sign->typenr) != NULL)
		    || (type == SIGN_LINEHL
			&& sign_get_attr(sign->typenr, TRUE) != 0)))
	    return sign->typenr;
    return 0;
}


    linenr_T
buf_delsign(buf, id)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer sign is stored in */
    int		id;		/* sign id */
{
    signlist_T	**lastp;	/* pointer to pointer to current sign */
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in a b_signlist */
    signlist_T	*next;		/* the next sign in a b_signlist */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* line number whose sign was deleted */

    lastp = &buf->b_signlist;
    lnum = 0;
    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = next)
    {
	next = sign->next;
	if (sign->id == id)
	{
	    *lastp = next;
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	    if (next != NULL)
		next->prev = sign->prev;
#endif
	    lnum = sign->lnum;
	    vim_free(sign);
	    break;
	}
	else
	    lastp = &sign->next;
    }

    /* When deleted the last sign need to redraw the windows to remove the
     * sign column. */
    if (buf->b_signlist == NULL)
    {
	redraw_buf_later(buf, NOT_VALID);
	changed_cline_bef_curs();
    }

    return lnum;
}


/*
 * Find the line number of the sign with the requested id. If the sign does
 * not exist, return 0 as the line number. This will still let the correct file
 * get loaded.
 */
    int
buf_findsign(buf, id)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer to store sign in */
    int		id;		/* sign ID */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
	if (sign->id == id)
	    return sign->lnum;

    return 0;
}

    int
buf_findsign_id(buf, lnum)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer whose sign we are searching for */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* line number of sign */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
	if (sign->lnum == lnum)
	    return sign->id;

    return 0;
}


# if defined(FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG) || defined(PROTO)
/* see if a given type of sign exists on a specific line */
    int
buf_findsigntype_id(buf, lnum, typenr)
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer whose sign we are searching for */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* line number of sign */
    int		typenr;		/* sign type number */
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
	if (sign->lnum == lnum && sign->typenr == typenr)
	    return sign->id;

    return 0;
}


#  if defined(FEAT_SIGN_ICONS) || defined(PROTO)
/* return the number of icons on the given line */
    int
buf_signcount(buf, lnum)
    buf_T	*buf;
    linenr_T	lnum;
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in the signlist */
    int		count = 0;

    for (sign = buf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
	if (sign->lnum == lnum)
	    if (sign_get_image(sign->typenr) != NULL)
		count++;

    return count;
}
#  endif /* FEAT_SIGN_ICONS */
# endif /* FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG */


/*
 * Delete signs in buffer "buf".
 */
    static void
buf_delete_signs(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    signlist_T	*next;

    while (buf->b_signlist != NULL)
    {
	next = buf->b_signlist->next;
	vim_free(buf->b_signlist);
	buf->b_signlist = next;
    }
}

/*
 * Delete all signs in all buffers.
 */
    void
buf_delete_all_signs()
{
    buf_T	*buf;		/* buffer we are checking for signs */

    for (buf = firstbuf; buf != NULL; buf = buf->b_next)
	if (buf->b_signlist != NULL)
	{
	    /* Need to redraw the windows to remove the sign column. */
	    redraw_buf_later(buf, NOT_VALID);
	    buf_delete_signs(buf);
	}
}

/*
 * List placed signs for "rbuf".  If "rbuf" is NULL do it for all buffers.
 */
    void
sign_list_placed(rbuf)
    buf_T	*rbuf;
{
    buf_T	*buf;
    signlist_T	*p;
    char	lbuf[BUFSIZ];

    MSG_PUTS_TITLE(_("\n--- Signs ---"));
    msg_putchar('\n');
    if (rbuf == NULL)
	buf = firstbuf;
    else
	buf = rbuf;
    while (buf != NULL)
    {
	if (buf->b_signlist != NULL)
	{
	    vim_snprintf(lbuf, BUFSIZ, _("Signs for %s:"), buf->b_fname);
	    MSG_PUTS_ATTR(lbuf, hl_attr(HLF_D));
	    msg_putchar('\n');
	}
	for (p = buf->b_signlist; p != NULL; p = p->next)
	{
	    vim_snprintf(lbuf, BUFSIZ, _("    line=%ld  id=%d  name=%s"),
			   (long)p->lnum, p->id, sign_typenr2name(p->typenr));
	    MSG_PUTS(lbuf);
	    msg_putchar('\n');
	}
	if (rbuf != NULL)
	    break;
	buf = buf->b_next;
    }
}

/*
 * Adjust a placed sign for inserted/deleted lines.
 */
    void
sign_mark_adjust(line1, line2, amount, amount_after)
    linenr_T	line1;
    linenr_T	line2;
    long	amount;
    long	amount_after;
{
    signlist_T	*sign;		/* a sign in a b_signlist */

    for (sign = curbuf->b_signlist; sign != NULL; sign = sign->next)
    {
	if (sign->lnum >= line1 && sign->lnum <= line2)
	{
	    if (amount == MAXLNUM)
		sign->lnum = line1;
	    else
		sign->lnum += amount;
	}
	else if (sign->lnum > line2)
	    sign->lnum += amount_after;
    }
}
#endif /* FEAT_SIGNS */

/*
 * Set 'buflisted' for curbuf to "on" and trigger autocommands if it changed.
 */
    void
set_buflisted(on)
    int		on;
{
    if (on != curbuf->b_p_bl)
    {
	curbuf->b_p_bl = on;
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	if (on)
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFADD, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
	else
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_BUFDELETE, NULL, NULL, FALSE, curbuf);
#endif
    }
}

/*
 * Read the file for "buf" again and check if the contents changed.
 * Return TRUE if it changed or this could not be checked.
 */
    int
buf_contents_changed(buf)
    buf_T	*buf;
{
    buf_T	*newbuf;
    int		differ = TRUE;
    linenr_T	lnum;
    aco_save_T	aco;
    exarg_T	ea;

    /* Allocate a buffer without putting it in the buffer list. */
    newbuf = buflist_new(NULL, NULL, (linenr_T)1, BLN_DUMMY);
    if (newbuf == NULL)
	return TRUE;

    /* Force the 'fileencoding' and 'fileformat' to be equal. */
    if (prep_exarg(&ea, buf) == FAIL)
    {
	wipe_buffer(newbuf, FALSE);
	return TRUE;
    }

    /* set curwin/curbuf to buf and save a few things */
    aucmd_prepbuf(&aco, newbuf);

    if (ml_open(curbuf) == OK
	    && readfile(buf->b_ffname, buf->b_fname,
				  (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)0, (linenr_T)MAXLNUM,
					    &ea, READ_NEW | READ_DUMMY) == OK)
    {
	/* compare the two files line by line */
	if (buf->b_ml.ml_line_count == curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	{
	    differ = FALSE;
	    for (lnum = 1; lnum <= curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count; ++lnum)
		if (STRCMP(ml_get_buf(buf, lnum, FALSE), ml_get(lnum)) != 0)
		{
		    differ = TRUE;
		    break;
		}
	}
    }
    vim_free(ea.cmd);

    /* restore curwin/curbuf and a few other things */
    aucmd_restbuf(&aco);

    if (curbuf != newbuf)	/* safety check */
	wipe_buffer(newbuf, FALSE);

    return differ;
}

/*
 * Wipe out a buffer and decrement the last buffer number if it was used for
 * this buffer.  Call this to wipe out a temp buffer that does not contain any
 * marks.
 */
    void
wipe_buffer(buf, aucmd)
    buf_T	*buf;
    int		aucmd UNUSED;	    /* When TRUE trigger autocommands. */
{
    if (buf->b_fnum == top_file_num - 1)
	--top_file_num;

#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    if (!aucmd)		    /* Don't trigger BufDelete autocommands here. */
	block_autocmds();
#endif
    close_buffer(NULL, buf, DOBUF_WIPE);
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
    if (!aucmd)
	unblock_autocmds();
#endif
}