filnam.c   [plain text]


/* filnam.c
   Get names to use for UUCP files.

   Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995 Ian Lance Taylor

   This file is part of the Taylor UUCP package.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.

   The author of the program may be contacted at ian@airs.com.
   */

#include "uucp.h"

#include "uudefs.h"
#include "uuconf.h"
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "system.h"

#include <errno.h>

#if HAVE_FCNTL_H
#include <fcntl.h>
#else
#if HAVE_SYS_FILE_H
#include <sys/file.h>
#endif
#endif

#ifndef O_RDONLY
#define O_RDONLY 0
#define O_WRONLY 1
#define O_RDWR 2
#endif

#ifndef O_NOCTTY
#define O_NOCTTY 0
#endif

/* We need a definition for SEEK_SET.  */

#ifndef SEEK_SET
#define SEEK_SET 0
#endif

/* We use POSIX style fcntl locks if they are available, unless
   O_CREAT is not defined.  We could use them in the latter case, but
   the code would have to become more complex to avoid races
   concerning the use of creat.  It is very unlikely that there is any
   system which does have POSIX style locking but does not have
   O_CREAT.  */
#if ! HAVE_BROKEN_SETLKW
#ifdef F_SETLKW
#ifdef O_CREAT
#define USE_POSIX_LOCKS 1
#endif
#endif
#endif
#ifndef USE_POSIX_LOCKS
#define USE_POSIX_LOCKS 0
#endif

/* External functions.  */
#ifndef lseek
extern off_t lseek ();
#endif

#define ZCHARS \
  "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"

/* Local functions.  */

static boolean fscmd_seq P((const char *zsystem, char *zseq));
static char *zsfile_name P((int btype, const char *zsystem,
			    const char *zlocalname, int bgrade,
			    boolean fxqt, char *ztname, char *zdname,
			    char *zxname));

/* Get a new command sequence number (this is not a sequence number to
   be used for communicating with another system, but a sequence
   number to be used when generating the name of a command file).
   The sequence number is placed into zseq, which should be five
   characters long.  */

static boolean
fscmd_seq (zsystem, zseq)
     const char *zsystem;
     char *zseq;
{
  int cdelay;
  char *zfree;
  const char *zfile;
  int o;
  boolean flockfile;
  int i;
  boolean fret;

  cdelay = 5;

#if ! USE_POSIX_LOCKS
  {
    boolean ferr;

    /* Lock the sequence file.  */
    while (! fsdo_lock ("LCK..SEQ", TRUE, &ferr))
      {
	if (ferr || FGOT_SIGNAL ())
	  return FALSE;
	sleep (cdelay);
	if (cdelay < 60)
	  ++cdelay;
      }
  }
#endif

  zfree = NULL;

#if SPOOLDIR_V2 || SPOOLDIR_BSD42 || SPOOLDIR_BSD43
  zfile = "SEQF";
#endif
#if SPOOLDIR_HDB || SPOOLDIR_SVR4
  zfree = zsysdep_in_dir (".Sequence", zsystem);
  zfile = zfree;
#endif
#if SPOOLDIR_ULTRIX
  if (! fsultrix_has_spool (zsystem))
    zfile = "sys/DEFAULT/.SEQF";
  else
    {
      zfree = zsappend3 ("sys", zsystem, ".SEQF");
      zfile = zfree;
    }
#endif /* SPOOLDIR_ULTRIX */
#if SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR
  zfree = zsysdep_in_dir (zsystem, "SEQF");
  zfile = zfree;
#endif /* SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR */

#ifdef O_CREAT
  o = open ((char *) zfile, O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_NOCTTY, IPRIVATE_FILE_MODE);
#else
  o = open ((char *) zfile, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY);
  if (o < 0 && errno == ENOENT)
    {
      o = creat ((char *) zfile, IPRIVATE_FILE_MODE);
      if (o >= 0)
	{
	  (void) close (o);
	  o = open ((char *) zfile, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY);
	}
    }
#endif

  if (o < 0)
    {
      if (errno == ENOENT)
	{
	  if (! fsysdep_make_dirs (zfile, FALSE))
	    {
#if ! USE_POSIX_LOCKS
	      (void) fsdo_unlock ("LCK..SEQ", TRUE);
#endif
	      return FALSE;
	    }
#ifdef O_CREAT
	  o = open ((char *) zfile,
		    O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_NOCTTY,
		    IPRIVATE_FILE_MODE);
#else
	  o = creat ((char *) zfile, IPRIVATE_FILE_MODE);
	  if (o >= 0)
	    {
	      (void) close (o);
	      o = open ((char *) zfile, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY);
	    }
#endif
	}
      if (o < 0)
	{
	  ulog (LOG_ERROR, "open (%s): %s", zfile, strerror (errno));
#if ! USE_POSIX_LOCKS
	  (void) fsdo_unlock ("LCK..SEQ", TRUE);
#endif
	  return FALSE;
	}
    }

#if ! USE_POSIX_LOCKS
  flockfile = TRUE;
#else
  {
    struct flock slock;

    flockfile = FALSE;

    slock.l_type = F_WRLCK;
    slock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
    slock.l_start = 0;
    slock.l_len = 0;
    while (fcntl (o, F_SETLKW, &slock) == -1)
      {
	boolean fagain;

	/* Some systems define F_SETLKW, but it does not work.  We try
           to catch those systems at runtime, and revert to using a
           lock file.  */
	if (errno == EINVAL)
	  {
	    boolean ferr;

	    /* Lock the sequence file.  */
	    while (! fsdo_lock ("LCK..SEQ", TRUE, &ferr))
	      {
		if (ferr || FGOT_SIGNAL ())
		  {
		    (void) close (o);
		    return FALSE;
		  }
		sleep (cdelay);
		if (cdelay < 60)
		  ++cdelay;
	      }

	    flockfile = TRUE;

	    break;
	  }

	fagain = FALSE;
	if (errno == ENOMEM)
	  fagain = TRUE;
#ifdef ENOLCK
	if (errno == ENOLCK)
	  fagain = TRUE;
#endif
#ifdef ENOSPC
	if (errno == ENOSPC)
	  fagain = TRUE;
#endif
	if (fagain)
	  {
	    sleep (cdelay);
	    if (cdelay < 60)
	      ++cdelay;
	    continue;
	  }
	ulog (LOG_ERROR, "Locking %s: %s", zfile, strerror (errno));
	(void) close (o);
	return FALSE;
      }
  }
#endif

  if (read (o, zseq, CSEQLEN) != CSEQLEN)
    strcpy (zseq, "0000");
  zseq[CSEQLEN] = '\0';

  /* We must add one to the sequence number and return the new value.
     On Ultrix, arbitrary characters are allowed in the sequence
     number.  On other systems, the sequence number apparently must be
     in hex.  */
#if SPOOLDIR_V2 || SPOOLDIR_BSD42 || SPOOLDIR_BSD43 || SPOOLDIR_HDB || SPOOLDIR_SVR4
  i = (int) strtol (zseq, (char **) NULL, 16);
  ++i;
  if (i > 0xffff)
    i = 0;
  /* The sprintf argument has CSEQLEN built into it.  */
  sprintf (zseq, "%04x", (unsigned int) i);
#endif
#if SPOOLDIR_ULTRIX || SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR
  for (i = CSEQLEN - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
      const char *zdig;

      zdig = strchr (ZCHARS, zseq[i]);
      if (zdig == NULL || zdig[0] == '\0' || zdig[1] == '\0')
	zseq[i] = '0';
      else
	{
	  zseq[i] = zdig[1];
	  break;
	}
    }
#endif /* SPOOLDIR_ULTRIX || SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR */

  fret = TRUE;

  if (lseek (o, (off_t) 0, SEEK_SET) < 0
      || write (o, zseq, CSEQLEN) != CSEQLEN
      || close (o) < 0)
    {
      ulog (LOG_ERROR, "lseek or write or close %s: %s",
	    zfile, strerror (errno));
      (void) close (o);
      fret = FALSE;
    }

  if (flockfile)
    (void) fsdo_unlock ("LCK..SEQ", TRUE);

  ubuffree (zfree);

  return fret;
}

/* Get the name of a command or data file for a remote system.  The
   btype argument should be C for a command file or D for a data file.
   If the grade of a data file is X, it is assumed that this is going
   to become an execute file on some other system.  The zsystem
   argument is the system that the file will be transferred to.  The
   ztname argument will be set to a file name that could be passed to
   zsysdep_spool_file_name.  The zdname argument, if not NULL, will be
   set to a data file name appropriate for the remote system.  The
   zxname argument, if not NULL, will be set to the name of an execute
   file on the remote system.  None of the names will be more than 14
   characters long.  */

/*ARGSUSED*/
static char *
zsfile_name (btype, zsystem, zlocalname, bgrade, fxqt, ztname, zdname, zxname)
     int btype;
     const char *zsystem;
     const char *zlocalname;
     int bgrade;
     boolean fxqt;
     char *ztname;
     char *zdname;
     char *zxname;
{
  char abseq[CSEQLEN + 1];
  char absimple[11 + CSEQLEN];
  char *zname;

  if (zlocalname == NULL)
    zlocalname = zSlocalname;

  while (TRUE)
    {
      if (! fscmd_seq (zsystem, abseq))
	return NULL;

      if (btype == 'C')
	{
#if ! SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR
	  sprintf (absimple, "C.%.7s%c%s", zsystem, bgrade, abseq);
#else
	  sprintf (absimple, "C.%c%s", bgrade, abseq);
#endif
	}
      else if (btype == 'D')
	{
	  /* This name doesn't really matter that much; it's just the
	     name we use on the local system.  The name we use on the
	     remote system, which we return in zdname, should contain
	     our system name so that remote UUCP's running SPOOLDIR_V2
	     and the like can distinguish while files come from which
	     systems.  */
#if SPOOLDIR_SVR4
	  sprintf (absimple, "D.%.7s%c%s", zsystem, bgrade, abseq);
#else /* ! SPOOLDIR_SVR4 */
#if ! SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR
	  sprintf (absimple, "D.%.7s%c%s", zlocalname, bgrade, abseq);
#else /* SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR */
	  if (fxqt)
	    sprintf (absimple, "D.X%s", abseq);
	  else
	    sprintf (absimple, "D.%s", abseq);
#endif /* SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR */
#endif /* ! SPOOLDIR_HDB && ! SPOOLDIR_SVR4 */
	}
#if DEBUG > 0
      else
	ulog (LOG_FATAL, "zsfile_name: Can't happen");
#endif

      zname = zsfind_file (absimple, zsystem, bgrade);
      if (zname == NULL)
	return NULL;

      if (! fsysdep_file_exists (zname))
	break;

      ubuffree (zname);
    }

  if (ztname != NULL)
    strcpy (ztname, absimple);

  if (zdname != NULL)
    sprintf (zdname, "D.%.7s%c%s", zlocalname, bgrade, abseq);

  if (zxname != NULL)
    sprintf (zxname, "X.%.7s%c%s", zlocalname, bgrade, abseq);

  return zname;
}

/* Return a name to use for a data file to be copied to another
   system.  The name returned will be for a real file.  The zlocalname
   argument is the local name as seen by the remote system, the bgrade
   argument is the file grade, and the fxqt argument is TRUE if this
   file will become an execution file.  The ztname argument, if not
   NULL, will be set to a name that could be passed to
   zsysdep_spool_file_name to get back the return value of this
   function.  The zdname argument, if not NULL, will be set to a name
   that the file could be given on another system.  The zxname
   argument, if not NULL, will be set to a name for an execute file on
   another system.  */

char *
zsysdep_data_file_name (qsys, zlocalname, bgrade, fxqt, ztname, zdname,
			zxname)
     const struct uuconf_system *qsys;
     const char *zlocalname;
     int bgrade;
     boolean fxqt;
     char *ztname;
     char *zdname;
     char *zxname;
{
  return zsfile_name ('D', qsys->uuconf_zname, zlocalname, bgrade, fxqt, 
		      ztname, zdname, zxname);
}

#if SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR

/* Write out a number in base 62 into a given number of characters,
   right justified with zero fill.  This is used by zscmd_file if
   SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR.  */

static void usput62 P((long i, char *, int c));

static void
usput62 (i, z, c)
     long i;
     char *z;
     int c;
{
  for (--c; c >= 0; --c)
    {
      int d;

      d = i % 62;
      i /= 62;
      if (d < 26)
	z[c] = 'A' + d;
      else if (d < 52)
	z[c] = 'a' + d - 26;
      else
	z[c] = '0' + d - 52;
    }
}

#endif /* SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR */

/* Get a command file name.  */

char *
zscmd_file (qsys, bgrade)
     const struct uuconf_system *qsys;
     int bgrade;
{
#if ! SPOOLDIR_TAYLOR
  return zsfile_name ('C', qsys->uuconf_zname, (const char *) NULL,
		      bgrade, FALSE, (char *) NULL, (char *) NULL,
		      (char *) NULL);
#else
  char *zname;
  long isecs, imicros;
  pid_t ipid;

  /* This file name is never seen by the remote system, so we don't
     actually need to get a sequence number for it.  We just need to
     get a file name which is unique for this system.  We don't try
     this optimization for other spool directory formats, mainly due
     to compatibility concerns.  It would be possible for HDB and SVR4
     spool directory formats.

     We get a unique name by combining the process ID and the current
     time.  The file name must start with C.g, where g is the grade.
     Note that although it is likely that this name will be unique, it
     is not guaranteed, so the caller must be careful.  */

  isecs = ixsysdep_time (&imicros);
  ipid = getpid ();

  /* We are going to represent the file name as a series of numbers in
     base 62 (using the alphanumeric characters).  The maximum file
     name length is 14 characters, so we may use 11.  We use 3 for the
     seconds within the day, 3 for the microseconds, and 5 for the
     process ID.  */

  /* Cut the seconds down to a number within a day (maximum value
     86399 < 62 ** 3 == 238328).  */
  isecs %= (long) 24 * (long) 60 * (long) 60;
  /* Divide the microseconds (max 999999) by 5 to make sure they are
     less than 62 ** 3.  */
  imicros %= 1000000;
  imicros /= 5;

  while (TRUE)
    {
      char ab[15];

      ab[0] = 'C';
      ab[1] = '.';
      ab[2] = bgrade;
      usput62 (isecs, ab + 3, 3);
      usput62 (imicros, ab + 6, 3);
      usput62 ((long) ipid, ab + 9, 5);
      ab[14] = '\0';

      zname = zsfind_file (ab, qsys->uuconf_zname, bgrade);
      if (zname == NULL)
	return NULL;

      if (! fsysdep_file_exists (zname))
	break;

      ubuffree (zname);

      /* We hit a duplicate.  Move backward in time until we find an
         available name.  Note that there is still a theoretical race
         condition, since 5 base 62 digits might not be enough for the
         process ID, and some other process might be running these
         checks at the same time as we are.  The caller must deal with
         this.  */
      if (imicros == 0)
	{
	  imicros = (long) 62 * (long) 62 * (long) 62;
	  if (isecs == 0)
	    isecs = (long) 62 * (long) 62 * (long) 62;
	  --isecs;
	}
      --imicros;
    }

  return zname;

#endif
}

/* Return a name for an execute file to be created locally.  This is
   used by uux to execute a command locally with remote files.  */

char *
zsysdep_xqt_file_name ()
{
  char abseq[CSEQLEN + 1];
  char absx[11 + CSEQLEN];
  char *zname;

  while (TRUE)
    {
      if (! fscmd_seq (zSlocalname, abseq))
	return NULL;

      sprintf (absx, "X.%.7sX%s", zSlocalname, abseq);

      zname = zsfind_file (absx, zSlocalname, -1);
      if (zname == NULL)
	return NULL;

      if (! fsysdep_file_exists (zname))
	break;

      ubuffree (zname);
    }

  return zname;
}