join.c   [plain text]


/*	$NetBSD: join.c,v 1.13 1998/08/25 20:59:38 ross Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1991 The Regents of the University of California.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Steve Hayman of Indiana University, Michiro Hikida and David
 * Goodenough.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#ifndef lint
__COPYRIGHT(
    "@(#) Copyright (c) 1991 The Regents of the University of California.\n\
 All rights reserved.\n");
#endif /* not lint */

#ifndef lint
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "from: @(#)join.c	5.1 (Berkeley) 11/18/91";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: join.c,v 1.13 1998/08/25 20:59:38 ross Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>

/*
 * There's a structure per input file which encapsulates the state of the
 * file.  We repeatedly read lines from each file until we've read in all
 * the consecutive lines from the file with a common join field.  Then we
 * compare the set of lines with an equivalent set from the other file.
 */
typedef struct {
	char *line;		/* line */
	u_long linealloc;	/* line allocated count */
	char **fields;		/* line field(s) */
	u_long fieldcnt;	/* line field(s) count */
	u_long fieldalloc;	/* line field(s) allocated count */
} LINE;

typedef struct {
	FILE *fp;		/* file descriptor */
	u_long joinf;		/* join field (-1, -2, -j) */
	int unpair;		/* output unpairable lines (-a) */
	int number;		/* 1 for file 1, 2 for file 2 */

	LINE *set;		/* set of lines with same field */
	u_long pushback;	/* line on the stack */
	u_long setcnt;		/* set count */
	u_long setalloc;	/* set allocated count */
} INPUT;
INPUT input1 = { NULL, 0, 0, 1, NULL, -1, 0, 0, },
      input2 = { NULL, 0, 0, 1, NULL, -1, 0, 0, };

typedef struct {
	u_long	fileno;		/* file number */
	u_long	fieldno;	/* field number */
} OLIST;
OLIST *olist;			/* output field list */
u_long olistcnt;		/* output field list count */
u_long olistalloc;		/* output field allocated count */

int joinout = 1;		/* show lines with matched join fields (-v) */
int needsep;			/* need separator character */
int spans = 1;			/* span multiple delimiters (-t) */
char *empty;			/* empty field replacement string (-e) */
char *tabchar = " \t";		/* delimiter characters (-t) */

int  cmp __P((LINE *, u_long, LINE *, u_long));
void enomem __P((void));
void fieldarg __P((char *));
void joinlines __P((INPUT *, INPUT *));
int  main __P((int, char **));
void obsolete __P((char **));
void outfield __P((LINE *, u_long));
void outoneline __P((INPUT *, LINE *));
void outtwoline __P((INPUT *, LINE *, INPUT *, LINE *));
void slurp __P((INPUT *));
void usage __P((void));

int
main(argc, argv)
	int argc;
	char *argv[];
{
	INPUT *F1, *F2;
	int aflag, ch, cval, vflag;
	char *end;

	F1 = &input1;
	F2 = &input2;

	aflag = vflag = 0;
	obsolete(argv);
	while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "\01a:e:j:1:2:o:t:v:")) != -1) {
		switch (ch) {
		case '\01':
			aflag = 1;
			F1->unpair = F2->unpair = 1;
			break;
		case '1':
			if ((F1->joinf = strtol(optarg, &end, 10)) < 1) {
				warnx("-1 option field number less than 1");
				usage();
			}
			if (*end) {
				warnx("illegal field number -- %s", optarg);
				usage();
			}
			--F1->joinf;
			break;
		case '2':
			if ((F2->joinf = strtol(optarg, &end, 10)) < 1) {
				warnx("-2 option field number less than 1");
				usage();
			}
			if (*end) {
				warnx("illegal field number -- %s", optarg);
				usage();
			}
			--F2->joinf;
			break;
		case 'a':
			aflag = 1;
			switch(strtol(optarg, &end, 10)) {
			case 1:
				F1->unpair = 1;
				break;
			case 2:
				F2->unpair = 1;
				break;
			default:
				warnx("-a option file number not 1 or 2");
				usage();
				break;
			}
			if (*end) {
				warnx("illegal file number -- %s", optarg);
				usage();
			}
			break;
		case 'e':
			empty = optarg;
			break;
		case 'j':
			if ((F1->joinf = F2->joinf =
			    strtol(optarg, &end, 10)) < 1) {
				warnx("-j option field number less than 1");
				usage();
			}
			if (*end) {
				warnx("illegal field number -- %s", optarg);
				usage();
			}
			--F1->joinf;
			--F2->joinf;
			break;
		case 'o':
			fieldarg(optarg);
			break;
		case 't':
			spans = 0;
			if (strlen(tabchar = optarg) != 1) {
				warnx("illegal tab character specification");
				usage();
			}
			break;
		case 'v':
			vflag = 1;
			joinout = 0;
			switch(strtol(optarg, &end, 10)) {
			case 1:
				F1->unpair = 1;
				break;
			case 2:
				F2->unpair = 1;
				break;
			default:
				warnx("-v option file number not 1 or 2");
				usage();
				break;
			}
			if (*end) {
				warnx("illegal file number -- %s", optarg);
				usage();
			}
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			usage();
		}
	}
	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (aflag && vflag)
		errx(1, "-a and -v options mutually exclusive");

	if (argc != 2)
		usage();

	/* Open the files; "-" means stdin. */
	if (!strcmp(*argv, "-"))
		F1->fp = stdin;
	else if ((F1->fp = fopen(*argv, "r")) == NULL)
		err(1, "%s", *argv);
	++argv;
	if (!strcmp(*argv, "-"))
		F2->fp = stdin;
	else if ((F2->fp = fopen(*argv, "r")) == NULL)
		err(1, "%s", *argv);
	if (F1->fp == stdin && F2->fp == stdin)
		errx(1, "only one input file may be stdin");

	slurp(F1);
	slurp(F2);
	while (F1->setcnt && F2->setcnt) {
		cval = cmp(F1->set, F1->joinf, F2->set, F2->joinf);
		if (cval == 0) {
			/* Oh joy, oh rapture, oh beauty divine! */
			if (joinout)
				joinlines(F1, F2);
			slurp(F1);
			slurp(F2);
		} else if (cval < 0) {
			/* File 1 takes the lead... */
			if (F1->unpair)
				joinlines(F1, NULL);
			slurp(F1);
		} else {
			/* File 2 takes the lead... */
			if (F2->unpair)
				joinlines(F2, NULL);
			slurp(F2);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Now that one of the files is used up, optionally output any
	 * remaining lines from the other file.
	 */
	if (F1->unpair)
		while (F1->setcnt) {
			joinlines(F1, NULL);
			slurp(F1);
		}
	if (F2->unpair)
		while (F2->setcnt) {
			joinlines(F2, NULL);
			slurp(F2);
		}
	exit(0);
}

void
slurp(F)
	INPUT *F;
{
	LINE *lp, *lastlp;
	LINE tmp;
	size_t len;
	int cnt;
	char *bp, *fieldp;

	/*
	 * Read all of the lines from an input file that have the same
	 * join field.
	 */
	F->setcnt = 0;
	for (lastlp = NULL;; ++F->setcnt, lastlp = lp) {
		/*
		 * If we're out of space to hold line structures, allocate
		 * more.  Initialize the structure so that we know that this
		 * is new space.
		 */
		if (F->setcnt == F->setalloc) {
			cnt = F->setalloc;
			F->setalloc += 100;
			if ((F->set = realloc(F->set,
			    F->setalloc * sizeof(LINE))) == NULL)
				enomem();
			memset(F->set + cnt, 0, 100 * sizeof(LINE *));
		}
			
		/*
		 * Get any pushed back line, else get the next line.  Allocate
		 * space as necessary.  If taking the line from the stack swap
		 * the two structures so that we don't lose the allocated space.
		 * This could be avoided by doing another level of indirection,
		 * but it's probably okay as is.
		 */
		lp = &F->set[F->setcnt];
		if (F->pushback != -1) {
			tmp = F->set[F->setcnt];
			F->set[F->setcnt] = F->set[F->pushback];
			F->set[F->pushback] = tmp;
			F->pushback = -1;
			continue;
		}
		if ((bp = fgetln(F->fp, &len)) == NULL)
			return;
		if (lp->linealloc <= len + 1) {
			if (lp->linealloc == 0)
				lp->linealloc = 128;
			while (lp->linealloc <= len + 1)
				lp->linealloc *= 2;

			if ((lp->line = realloc(lp->line,
			    lp->linealloc * sizeof(char))) == NULL)
				enomem();
		}
		memmove(lp->line, bp, len+1);

		/* Replace trailing newline, if it exists. */ 
		if (bp[len - 1] == '\n')
			lp->line[len - 1] = '\0';
		else
			lp->line[len] = '\0';
		bp = lp->line;

		/* Split the line into fields, allocate space as necessary. */
		lp->fieldcnt = 0;
		while ((fieldp = strsep(&bp, tabchar)) != NULL) {
			if (spans && *fieldp == '\0')
				continue;
			if (lp->fieldcnt == lp->fieldalloc) {
				lp->fieldalloc += 100;
				if ((lp->fields = realloc(lp->fields,
				    lp->fieldalloc * sizeof(char *))) == NULL)
					enomem();
			}
			lp->fields[lp->fieldcnt++] = fieldp;
		}

		/* See if the join field value has changed. */
		if (lastlp != NULL && cmp(lp, F->joinf, lastlp, F->joinf)) {
			F->pushback = F->setcnt;
			break;
		}
	}
}

int
cmp(lp1, fieldno1, lp2, fieldno2)
	LINE *lp1, *lp2;
	u_long fieldno1, fieldno2;
{

	if (lp1->fieldcnt <= fieldno1)
		return (lp2->fieldcnt < fieldno2 ? 0 : 1);
	if (lp2->fieldcnt <= fieldno2)
		return (-1);
	return (strcmp(lp1->fields[fieldno1], lp2->fields[fieldno2]));
}

void
joinlines(F1, F2)
	INPUT *F1, *F2;
{
	int cnt1, cnt2;

	/*
	 * Output the results of a join comparison.  The output may be from
	 * either file 1 or file 2 (in which case the first argument is the
	 * file from which to output) or from both.
	 */
	if (F2 == NULL) {
		for (cnt1 = 0; cnt1 < F1->setcnt; ++cnt1)
			outoneline(F1, &F1->set[cnt1]);
		return;
	}
	for (cnt1 = 0; cnt1 < F1->setcnt; ++cnt1)
		for (cnt2 = 0; cnt2 < F2->setcnt; ++cnt2)
			outtwoline(F1, &F1->set[cnt1], F2, &F2->set[cnt2]);
}

void
outoneline(F, lp)
	INPUT *F;
	LINE *lp;
{
	int cnt;

	/*
	 * Output a single line from one of the files, according to the
	 * join rules.  This happens when we are writing unmatched single
	 * lines.  Output empty fields in the right places.
	 */
	if (olist)
		for (cnt = 0; cnt < olistcnt; ++cnt) {
			if (olist[cnt].fileno == F->number)
				outfield(lp, olist[cnt].fieldno);
		}
	else
		for (cnt = 0; cnt < lp->fieldcnt; ++cnt)
			outfield(lp, cnt);
	(void)printf("\n");
	if (ferror(stdout))
		err(1, "stdout");
	needsep = 0;
}

void
outtwoline(F1, lp1, F2, lp2)
	INPUT *F1, *F2;
	LINE *lp1, *lp2;
{
	int cnt;

	/* Output a pair of lines according to the join list (if any). */
	if (olist)
		for (cnt = 0; cnt < olistcnt; ++cnt)
			if (olist[cnt].fileno == 1)
				outfield(lp1, olist[cnt].fieldno);
			else /* if (olist[cnt].fileno == 2) */
				outfield(lp2, olist[cnt].fieldno);
	else {
		/*
		 * Output the join field, then the remaining fields from F1
		 * and F2.
		 */
		outfield(lp1, F1->joinf);
		for (cnt = 0; cnt < lp1->fieldcnt; ++cnt)
			if (F1->joinf != cnt)
				outfield(lp1, cnt);
		for (cnt = 0; cnt < lp2->fieldcnt; ++cnt)
			if (F2->joinf != cnt)
				outfield(lp2, cnt);
	}
	(void)printf("\n");
	if (ferror(stdout))
		err(1, "stdout");
	needsep = 0;
}

void
outfield(lp, fieldno)
	LINE *lp;
	u_long fieldno;
{
	if (needsep++)
		(void)printf("%c", *tabchar);
	if (!ferror(stdout)) {
		if (lp->fieldcnt < fieldno) {
			if (empty != NULL)
				(void)printf("%s", empty);
		} else {
			if (*lp->fields[fieldno] == '\0')
				return;
			(void)printf("%s", lp->fields[fieldno]);
		}
	}
	if (ferror(stdout))
		err(1, "stdout");
}

/*
 * Convert an output list argument "2.1, 1.3, 2.4" into an array of output
 * fields.
 */
void
fieldarg(option)
	char *option;
{
	u_long fieldno;
	char *end, *token;

	while ((token = strsep(&option, " \t")) != NULL) {
		if (*token == '\0')
			continue;
		if ((token[0] != '1' && token[0] != '2') || token[1] != '.')
			errx(1, "malformed -o option field");
		fieldno = strtol(token + 2, &end, 10);
		if (*end)
			errx(1, "malformed -o option field");
		if (fieldno == 0)
			errx(1, "field numbers are 1 based");
		if (olistcnt == olistalloc) {
			olistalloc += 50;
			if ((olist = realloc(olist,
			    olistalloc * sizeof(OLIST))) == NULL)
				enomem();
		}
		olist[olistcnt].fileno = token[0] - '0';
		olist[olistcnt].fieldno = fieldno - 1;
		++olistcnt;
	}
}

void
obsolete(argv)
	char **argv;
{
	int len;
	char **p, *ap, *t;

	while ((ap = *++argv) != NULL) {
		/* Return if "--". */
		if (ap[0] == '-' && ap[1] == '-')
			return;
		switch (ap[1]) {
		case 'a':
			/* 
			 * The original join allowed "-a", which meant the
			 * same as -a1 plus -a2.  POSIX 1003.2, Draft 11.2
			 * only specifies this as "-a 1" and "a -2", so we
			 * have to use another option flag, one that is
			 * unlikely to ever be used or accidentally entered
			 * on the command line.  (Well, we could reallocate
			 * the argv array, but that hardly seems worthwhile.)
			 */
			if (ap[2] == '\0')
				ap[1] = '\01';
			break;
		case 'j':
			/*
			 * The original join allowed "-j[12] arg" and "-j arg".
			 * Convert the former to "-[12] arg".  Don't convert
			 * the latter since getopt(3) can handle it.
			 */
			switch(ap[2]) {
			case '1':
				if (ap[3] != '\0')
					goto jbad;
				ap[1] = '1';
				ap[2] = '\0';
				break;
			case '2':
				if (ap[3] != '\0')
					goto jbad;
				ap[1] = '2';
				ap[2] = '\0';
				break;
			case '\0':
				break;
			default:
jbad:				errx(1, "illegal option -- %s", ap);
				usage();
			}
			break;
		case 'o':
			/*
			 * The original join allowed "-o arg arg".  Convert to
			 * "-o arg -o arg".
			 */
			if (ap[2] != '\0')
				break;
			for (p = argv + 2; *p; ++p) {
				if ((p[0][0] != '1' && p[0][0] != '2') ||
				    p[0][1] != '.')
					break;
				len = strlen(*p);
				if (len - 2 != strspn(*p + 2, "0123456789"))
					break;
				if ((t = malloc(len + 3)) == NULL)
					enomem();
				t[0] = '-';
				t[1] = 'o';
				memmove(t + 2, *p, len + 1);
				*p = t;
			}
			argv = p - 1;
			break;
		}
	}
}

void
enomem()
{
	errx(1, "no memory");
}

void
usage()
{
	(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s%s\n",
	    "usage: join [-a fileno | -v fileno ] [-e string] [-1 field] ",
	    "[-2 field]\n            [-o list] [-t char] file1 file2");
	exit(1);
}