ocaml.cxx   [plain text]


/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 * See the LICENSE file for information on copyright, usage and redistribution
 * of SWIG, and the README file for authors - http://www.swig.org/release.html.
 *
 * ocaml.cxx
 *
 * Ocaml language module for SWIG.
 * ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

char cvsroot_ocaml_cxx[] = "$Id: ocaml.cxx 11246 2009-06-05 17:19:29Z wsfulton $";

#include "swigmod.h"

#include <ctype.h>

static const char *usage = (char *)
    ("Ocaml Options (available with -ocaml)\n"
     "-prefix <name>  - Set a prefix <name> to be prepended to all names\n"
     "-where          - Emit library location\n"
     "-suffix <name>  - Change .cxx to something else\n" "-oldvarnames    - old intermediary method names for variable wrappers\n" "\n");

static int classmode = 0;
static int in_constructor = 0, in_destructor = 0, in_copyconst = 0;
static int const_enum = 0;
static int static_member_function = 0;
static int generate_sizeof = 0;
static char *prefix = 0;
static char *ocaml_path = (char *) "ocaml";
static bool old_variable_names = false;
static String *classname = 0;
static String *module = 0;
static String *init_func_def = 0;
static String *f_classtemplate = 0;
static String *name_qualifier = 0;

static Hash *seen_enums = 0;
static Hash *seen_enumvalues = 0;
static Hash *seen_constructors = 0;

static File *f_header = 0;
static File *f_begin = 0;
static File *f_runtime = 0;
static File *f_wrappers = 0;
static File *f_directors = 0;
static File *f_directors_h = 0;
static File *f_init = 0;
static File *f_mlout = 0;
static File *f_mliout = 0;
static File *f_mlbody = 0;
static File *f_mlibody = 0;
static File *f_mltail = 0;
static File *f_mlitail = 0;
static File *f_enumtypes_type = 0;
static File *f_enumtypes_value = 0;
static File *f_class_ctors = 0;
static File *f_class_ctors_end = 0;
static File *f_enum_to_int = 0;
static File *f_int_to_enum = 0;

class OCAML:public Language {
public:

  OCAML() {
    director_prot_ctor_code = NewString("");
    Printv(director_prot_ctor_code,
	   "if ( $comparison ) { /* subclassed */\n",
	   "  $director_new \n", "} else {\n", "  failwith(\"accessing abstract class or protected constructor\"); \n", "}\n", NIL);
    director_multiple_inheritance = 1;
    director_language = 1;
  }
 
  String *Swig_class_name(Node *n) {
    String *name;
    name = Copy(Getattr(n, "sym:name"));
    return name;
  }

  void PrintIncludeArg() {
    Printv(stdout, SWIG_LIB, SWIG_FILE_DELIMITER, ocaml_path, "\n", NIL);
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * main()
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual void main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    int i;

    prefix = 0;

    SWIG_library_directory(ocaml_path);

    // Look for certain command line options
    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
      if (argv[i]) {
	if (strcmp(argv[i], "-help") == 0) {
	  fputs(usage, stdout);
	  SWIG_exit(0);
	} else if (strcmp(argv[i], "-where") == 0) {
	  PrintIncludeArg();
	  SWIG_exit(0);
	} else if (strcmp(argv[i], "-prefix") == 0) {
	  if (argv[i + 1]) {
	    prefix = new char[strlen(argv[i + 1]) + 2];
	    strcpy(prefix, argv[i + 1]);
	    Swig_mark_arg(i);
	    Swig_mark_arg(i + 1);
	    i++;
	  } else {
	    Swig_arg_error();
	  }
	} else if (strcmp(argv[i], "-suffix") == 0) {
	  if (argv[i + 1]) {
	    SWIG_config_cppext(argv[i + 1]);
	    Swig_mark_arg(i);
	    Swig_mark_arg(i + 1);
	    i++;
	  } else
	    Swig_arg_error();
	} else if (strcmp(argv[i], "-oldvarnames") == 0) {
	  Swig_mark_arg(i);
	  old_variable_names = true;
	}
      }
    }

    // If a prefix has been specified make sure it ends in a '_'

    if (prefix) {
      if (prefix[strlen(prefix)] != '_') {
	prefix[strlen(prefix) + 1] = 0;
	prefix[strlen(prefix)] = '_';
      }
    } else
      prefix = (char *) "swig_";

    // Add a symbol for this module

    Preprocessor_define("SWIGOCAML 1", 0);
    // Set name of typemaps

    SWIG_typemap_lang("ocaml");

    // Read in default typemaps */
    SWIG_config_file("ocaml.i");
    allow_overloading();

  }

  /* Swig_director_declaration()
   *
   * Generate the full director class declaration, complete with base classes.
   * e.g. "class SwigDirector_myclass : public myclass, public Swig::Director {"
   *
   */

  String *Swig_director_declaration(Node *n) {
    String *classname = Swig_class_name(n);
    String *directorname = NewStringf("SwigDirector_%s", classname);
    String *base = Getattr(n, "classtype");
    String *declaration = Swig_class_declaration(n, directorname);
    Printf(declaration, " : public %s, public Swig::Director {\n", base);
    Delete(classname);
    Delete(directorname);
    return declaration;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * top()
   *
   * Recognize the %module, and capture the module name.
   * Create the default enum cases.
   * Set up the named outputs:
   *
   *  init
   *  ml
   *  mli
   *  wrapper
   *  header
   *  runtime
   *  directors
   *  directors_h
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual int top(Node *n) {
    /* Set comparison with none for ConstructorToFunction */
    setSubclassInstanceCheck(NewString("caml_list_nth(args,0) != Val_unit"));

    /* check if directors are enabled for this module.  note: this 
     * is a "master" switch, without which no director code will be
     * emitted.  %feature("director") statements are also required
     * to enable directors for individual classes or methods.
     *
     * use %module(directors="1") modulename at the start of the 
     * interface file to enable director generation.
     */
    {
      Node *module = Getattr(n, "module");
      if (module) {
	Node *options = Getattr(module, "options");
	if (options) {
	  if (Getattr(options, "directors")) {
	    allow_directors();
	  }
	  if (Getattr(options, "dirprot")) {
	    allow_dirprot();
	  }
	  if (Getattr(options, "sizeof")) {
	    generate_sizeof = 1;
	  }
	}
      }
    }

    /* Initialize all of the output files */
    String *outfile = Getattr(n, "outfile");

    f_begin = NewFile(outfile, "w", SWIG_output_files());
    if (!f_begin) {
      FileErrorDisplay(outfile);
      SWIG_exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
    f_runtime = NewString("");
    f_init = NewString("");
    f_header = NewString("");
    f_wrappers = NewString("");
    f_directors = NewString("");
    f_directors_h = NewString("");
    f_enumtypes_type = NewString("");
    f_enumtypes_value = NewString("");
    init_func_def = NewString("");
    f_mlbody = NewString("");
    f_mlibody = NewString("");
    f_mltail = NewString("");
    f_mlitail = NewString("");
    f_class_ctors = NewString("");
    f_class_ctors_end = NewString("");
    f_enum_to_int = NewString("");
    f_int_to_enum = NewString("");
    f_classtemplate = NewString("");

    module = Getattr(n, "name");

    seen_constructors = NewHash();
    seen_enums = NewHash();
    seen_enumvalues = NewHash();

    /* Register file targets with the SWIG file handler */
    Swig_register_filebyname("init", init_func_def);
    Swig_register_filebyname("header", f_header);
    Swig_register_filebyname("wrapper", f_wrappers);
    Swig_register_filebyname("begin", f_begin);
    Swig_register_filebyname("runtime", f_runtime);
    Swig_register_filebyname("mli", f_mlibody);
    Swig_register_filebyname("ml", f_mlbody);
    Swig_register_filebyname("mlitail", f_mlitail);
    Swig_register_filebyname("mltail", f_mltail);
    Swig_register_filebyname("director", f_directors);
    Swig_register_filebyname("director_h", f_directors_h);
    Swig_register_filebyname("classtemplate", f_classtemplate);
    Swig_register_filebyname("class_ctors", f_class_ctors);

    if (old_variable_names) {
      Swig_name_register("set", "%v__set__");
      Swig_name_register("get", "%v__get__");
    }

    Swig_banner(f_begin);

    Printf(f_runtime, "\n");
    Printf(f_runtime, "#define SWIGOCAML\n");
    Printf(f_runtime, "#define SWIG_MODULE \"%s\"\n", module);
    /* Module name */
    Printf(f_mlbody, "let module_name = \"%s\"\n", module);
    Printf(f_mlibody, "val module_name : string\n");
    Printf(f_enum_to_int,
	   "let enum_to_int x (v : c_obj) =\n"
	   "   match v with\n"
	   "     C_enum _y ->\n"
	   "     (let y = _y in match (x : c_enum_type) with\n"
	   "       `unknown -> " "         (match y with\n" "           `Int x -> (Swig.C_int x)\n" "           | _ -> raise (LabelNotFromThisEnum v))\n");

    Printf(f_int_to_enum, "let int_to_enum x y =\n" "    match (x : c_enum_type) with\n" "      `unknown -> C_enum (`Int y)\n");

    if (directorsEnabled()) {
      Printf(f_runtime, "#define SWIG_DIRECTORS\n");
    }

    Printf(f_runtime, "\n");

    /* Produce the enum_to_int and int_to_enum functions */

    Printf(f_enumtypes_type, "open Swig\n" "type c_enum_type = [ \n  `unknown\n");
    Printf(f_enumtypes_value, "type c_enum_value = [ \n  `Int of int\n");
    String *mlfile = NewString("");
    String *mlifile = NewString("");

    Printv(mlfile, module, ".ml", NIL);
    Printv(mlifile, module, ".mli", NIL);

    String *mlfilen = NewStringf("%s%s", SWIG_output_directory(), mlfile);
    if ((f_mlout = NewFile(mlfilen, "w", SWIG_output_files())) == 0) {
      FileErrorDisplay(mlfilen);
      SWIG_exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
    String *mlifilen = NewStringf("%s%s", SWIG_output_directory(), mlifile);
    if ((f_mliout = NewFile(mlifilen, "w", SWIG_output_files())) == 0) {
      FileErrorDisplay(mlifilen);
      SWIG_exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    Language::top(n);

    Printf(f_enum_to_int, ") | _ -> (C_int (get_int v))\n" "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_enum_to_int\" enum_to_int\n", module);
    Printf(f_mlibody, "val enum_to_int : c_enum_type -> c_obj -> Swig.c_obj\n");

    Printf(f_int_to_enum, "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_int_to_enum\" int_to_enum\n", module);
    Printf(f_mlibody, "val int_to_enum : c_enum_type -> int -> c_obj\n");
    Printf(f_init, "#define SWIG_init f_%s_init\n" "%s" "}\n", module, init_func_def);
    Printf(f_mlbody, "external f_init : unit -> unit = \"f_%s_init\" ;;\n" "let _ = f_init ()\n", module);
    Printf(f_enumtypes_type, "]\n");
    Printf(f_enumtypes_value, "]\n\n" "type c_obj = c_enum_value c_obj_t\n");

    if (directorsEnabled()) {
      // Insert director runtime into the f_runtime file (make it occur before %header section)
      Swig_insert_file("director.swg", f_runtime);
    }

    SwigType_emit_type_table(f_runtime, f_wrappers);
    /* Close all of the files */
    Dump(f_runtime, f_begin);
    Dump(f_directors_h, f_header);
    Dump(f_header, f_begin);
    Dump(f_directors, f_wrappers);
    Dump(f_wrappers, f_begin);
    Wrapper_pretty_print(f_init, f_begin);
    Delete(f_header);
    Delete(f_wrappers);
    Delete(f_init);
    Close(f_begin);
    Delete(f_runtime);
    Delete(f_begin);

    Dump(f_enumtypes_type, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_enumtypes_value, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_mlbody, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_enum_to_int, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_int_to_enum, f_mlout);
    Delete(f_int_to_enum);
    Delete(f_enum_to_int);
    Dump(f_class_ctors, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_class_ctors_end, f_mlout);
    Dump(f_mltail, f_mlout);
    Close(f_mlout);
    Delete(f_mlout);

    Dump(f_enumtypes_type, f_mliout);
    Dump(f_enumtypes_value, f_mliout);
    Dump(f_mlibody, f_mliout);
    Dump(f_mlitail, f_mliout);
    Close(f_mliout);
    Delete(f_mliout);

    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* Produce an error for the given type */
  void throw_unhandled_ocaml_type_error(SwigType *d, const char *types) {
    Swig_warning(WARN_TYPEMAP_UNDEF, input_file, line_number, "Unable to handle type %s (%s).\n", SwigType_str(d, 0), types);
  }

  /* Return true iff T is a pointer type */
  int
   is_a_pointer(SwigType *t) {
    return SwigType_ispointer(SwigType_typedef_resolve_all(t));
  }

  /*
   * Delete one reference from a given type.
   */

  void oc_SwigType_del_reference(SwigType *t) {
    char *c = Char(t);
    if (strncmp(c, "q(", 2) == 0) {
      Delete(SwigType_pop(t));
      c = Char(t);
    }
    if (strncmp(c, "r.", 2)) {
      printf("Fatal error. SwigType_del_pointer applied to non-pointer.\n");
      abort();
    }
    Replace(t, "r.", "", DOH_REPLACE_ANY | DOH_REPLACE_FIRST);
  }

  void oc_SwigType_del_array(SwigType *t) {
    char *c = Char(t);
    if (strncmp(c, "q(", 2) == 0) {
      Delete(SwigType_pop(t));
      c = Char(t);
    }
    if (strncmp(c, "a(", 2) == 0) {
      Delete(SwigType_pop(t));
    }
  }

  /* 
   * Return true iff T is a reference type 
   */

  int
   is_a_reference(SwigType *t) {
    return SwigType_isreference(SwigType_typedef_resolve_all(t));
  }

  int
   is_an_array(SwigType *t) {
    return SwigType_isarray(SwigType_typedef_resolve_all(t));
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * functionWrapper()
   * Create a function declaration and register it with the interpreter.
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual int functionWrapper(Node *n) {
    char *iname = GetChar(n, "sym:name");
    SwigType *d = Getattr(n, "type");
    String *return_type_normalized = normalizeTemplatedClassName(d);
    ParmList *l = Getattr(n, "parms");
    int director_method = 0;
    Parm *p;

    Wrapper *f = NewWrapper();
    String *proc_name = NewString("");
    String *source = NewString("");
    String *target = NewString("");
    String *arg = NewString("");
    String *cleanup = NewString("");
    String *outarg = NewString("");
    String *build = NewString("");
    String *tm;
    int argout_set = 0;
    int i = 0;
    int numargs;
    int numreq;
    int newobj = GetFlag(n, "feature:new");
    String *nodeType = Getattr(n, "nodeType");
    int destructor = (!Cmp(nodeType, "destructor"));
    String *overname = 0;
    bool isOverloaded = Getattr(n, "sym:overloaded") ? true : false;

    // Make a wrapper name for this
    String *wname = Swig_name_wrapper(iname);
    if (isOverloaded) {
      overname = Getattr(n, "sym:overname");
    } else {
      if (!addSymbol(iname, n)) {
        DelWrapper(f);
	return SWIG_ERROR;
      }
    }
    if (overname) {
      Append(wname, overname);
    }
    /* Do this to disambiguate functions emitted from different modules */
    Append(wname, module);

    Setattr(n, "wrap:name", wname);

    // Build the name for Scheme.
    Printv(proc_name, "_", iname, NIL);
    String *mangled_name = mangleNameForCaml(proc_name);

    if (classmode && in_constructor) {	// Emit constructor for object
      String *mangled_name_nounder = NewString((char *) (Char(mangled_name)) + 1);
      Printf(f_class_ctors_end, "let %s clst = _%s clst\n", mangled_name_nounder, mangled_name_nounder);
      Printf(f_mlibody, "val %s : c_obj -> c_obj\n", mangled_name_nounder);
      Delete(mangled_name_nounder);
    } else if (classmode && in_destructor) {
      Printf(f_class_ctors, "    \"~\", %s ;\n", mangled_name);
    } else if (classmode && !in_constructor && !in_destructor && !static_member_function) {
      String *opname = Copy(Getattr(n, "memberfunctionHandler:sym:name"));

      Replaceall(opname, "operator ", "");

      if (strstr(Char(mangled_name), "__get__")) {
	String *set_name = Copy(mangled_name);
	if (!GetFlag(n, "feature:immutable")) {
	  Replaceall(set_name, "__get__", "__set__");
	  Printf(f_class_ctors, "    \"%s\", (fun args -> " "if args = (C_list [ raw_ptr ]) then %s args else %s args) ;\n", opname, mangled_name, set_name);
	  Delete(set_name);
	} else {
	  Printf(f_class_ctors, "    \"%s\", (fun args -> " "if args = (C_list [ raw_ptr ]) then %s args else C_void) ;\n", opname, mangled_name);
	}
      } else if (strstr(Char(mangled_name), "__set__")) {
	;			/* Nothing ... handled by the case above */
      } else {
	Printf(f_class_ctors, "    \"%s\", %s ;\n", opname, mangled_name);
      }

      Delete(opname);
    }

    if (classmode && in_constructor) {
      Setattr(seen_constructors, mangled_name, "true");
    }
    // writing the function wrapper function
    Printv(f->def, "SWIGEXT CAML_VALUE ", wname, " (", NIL);
    Printv(f->def, "CAML_VALUE args", NIL);
    Printv(f->def, ")\n{", NIL);

    /* Define the scheme name in C. This define is used by several
       macros. */
    //Printv(f->def, "#define FUNC_NAME \"", mangled_name, "\"", NIL);

    // adds local variables
    Wrapper_add_local(f, "args", "CAMLparam1(args)");
    Wrapper_add_local(f, "ret", "SWIG_CAMLlocal2(swig_result,rv)");
    Wrapper_add_local(f, "_v", "int _v = 0");
    if (isOverloaded) {
      Wrapper_add_local(f, "i", "int i");
      Wrapper_add_local(f, "argc", "int argc = caml_list_length(args)");
      Wrapper_add_local(f, "argv", "CAML_VALUE *argv");

      Printv(f->code,
	     "argv = (CAML_VALUE *)malloc( argc * sizeof( CAML_VALUE ) );\n"
	     "for( i = 0; i < argc; i++ ) {\n" "  argv[i] = caml_list_nth(args,i);\n" "}\n", NIL);
    }
    d = SwigType_typedef_qualified(d);
    emit_parameter_variables(l, f);

    /* Attach the standard typemaps */
    emit_attach_parmmaps(l, f);
    Setattr(n, "wrap:parms", l);

    numargs = emit_num_arguments(l);
    numreq = emit_num_required(l);

    Printf(f->code, "swig_result = Val_unit;\n");

    // Now write code to extract the parameters (this is super ugly)

    for (i = 0, p = l; i < numargs; i++) {
      /* Skip ignored arguments */
      while (checkAttribute(p, "tmap:in:numinputs", "0")) {
	p = Getattr(p, "tmap:in:next");
      }

      SwigType *pt = Getattr(p, "type");
      String *ln = Getattr(p, "lname");
      pt = SwigType_typedef_qualified(pt);

      // Produce names of source and target
      Clear(source);
      Clear(target);
      Clear(arg);
      Printf(source, "caml_list_nth(args,%d)", i);
      Printf(target, "%s", ln);
      Printv(arg, Getattr(p, "name"), NIL);

      if (i >= numreq) {
	Printf(f->code, "if (caml_list_length(args) > %d) {\n", i);
      }
      // Handle parameter types.
      if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:in"))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$source", source);
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", target);
	Replaceall(tm, "$input", source);
	Setattr(p, "emit:input", source);
	Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
	p = Getattr(p, "tmap:in:next");
      } else {
	// no typemap found
	// check if typedef and resolve
	throw_unhandled_ocaml_type_error(pt, "in");
	p = nextSibling(p);
      }
      if (i >= numreq) {
	Printf(f->code, "}\n");
      }
    }

    /* Insert constraint checking code */
    for (p = l; p;) {
      if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:check"))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", Getattr(p, "lname"));
	Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
	p = Getattr(p, "tmap:check:next");
      } else {
	p = nextSibling(p);
      }
    }

    // Pass output arguments back to the caller.

    for (p = l; p;) {
      if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:argout"))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$source", Getattr(p, "emit:input"));	/* Deprecated */
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", Getattr(p, "lname"));	/* Deprecated */
	Replaceall(tm, "$arg", Getattr(p, "emit:input"));
	Replaceall(tm, "$input", Getattr(p, "emit:input"));
	Replaceall(tm, "$ntype", normalizeTemplatedClassName(Getattr(p, "type")));
	Printv(outarg, tm, "\n", NIL);
	p = Getattr(p, "tmap:argout:next");
	argout_set = 1;
      } else {
	p = nextSibling(p);
      }
    }

    // Free up any memory allocated for the arguments.

    /* Insert cleanup code */
    for (p = l; p;) {
      if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:freearg"))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", Getattr(p, "lname"));
	Printv(cleanup, tm, "\n", NIL);
	p = Getattr(p, "tmap:freearg:next");
      } else {
	p = nextSibling(p);
      }
    }

    /* if the object is a director, and the method call originated from its
     * underlying python object, resolve the call by going up the c++ 
     * inheritance chain.  otherwise try to resolve the method in python.  
     * without this check an infinite loop is set up between the director and 
     * shadow class method calls.
     */

    // NOTE: this code should only be inserted if this class is the
    // base class of a director class.  however, in general we haven't
    // yet analyzed all classes derived from this one to see if they are
    // directors.  furthermore, this class may be used as the base of
    // a director class defined in a completely different module at a
    // later time, so this test must be included whether or not directorbase
    // is true.  we do skip this code if directors have not been enabled
    // at the command line to preserve source-level compatibility with
    // non-polymorphic swig.  also, if this wrapper is for a smart-pointer
    // method, there is no need to perform the test since the calling object
    // (the smart-pointer) and the director object (the "pointee") are
    // distinct.

    director_method = is_member_director(n) && !is_smart_pointer() && !destructor;
    if (director_method) {
      Wrapper_add_local(f, "director", "Swig::Director *director = 0");
      Printf(f->code, "director = dynamic_cast<Swig::Director *>(arg1);\n");
      Wrapper_add_local(f, "upcall", "bool upcall = false");
      Append(f->code, "upcall = (director);\n");
    }

    // Now write code to make the function call
    Swig_director_emit_dynamic_cast(n, f);
    String *actioncode = emit_action(n);

    if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup_out("out", n, "result", f, actioncode))) {
      Replaceall(tm, "$source", "swig_result");
      Replaceall(tm, "$target", "rv");
      Replaceall(tm, "$result", "rv");
      Replaceall(tm, "$ntype", return_type_normalized);
      Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
    } else {
      throw_unhandled_ocaml_type_error(d, "out");
    }
    emit_return_variable(n, d, f);

    // Dump the argument output code
    Printv(f->code, Char(outarg), NIL);

    // Dump the argument cleanup code
    Printv(f->code, Char(cleanup), NIL);

    // Look for any remaining cleanup

    if (GetFlag(n, "feature:new")) {
      if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("newfree", n, "result", 0))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$source", "swig_result");
	Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
      }
    }
    // Free any memory allocated by the function being wrapped..

    if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("swig_result", n, "result", 0))) {
      Replaceall(tm, "$source", "result");
      Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
    }
    // Wrap things up (in a manner of speaking)

    Printv(f->code, tab4, "swig_result = caml_list_append(swig_result,rv);\n", NIL);
    if (isOverloaded)
      Printv(f->code, "free(argv);\n", NIL);
    Printv(f->code, tab4, "CAMLreturn(swig_result);\n", NIL);
    Printv(f->code, "}\n", NIL);

    /* Substitute the function name */
    Replaceall(f->code, "$symname", iname);

    Wrapper_print(f, f_wrappers);

    if (isOverloaded) {
      if (!Getattr(n, "sym:nextSibling")) {
	int maxargs;
	Wrapper *df = NewWrapper();
	String *dispatch = Swig_overload_dispatch(n,
						  "free(argv);\n" "CAMLreturn(%s(args));\n",
						  &maxargs);

	Wrapper_add_local(df, "_v", "int _v = 0");
	Wrapper_add_local(df, "argv", "CAML_VALUE *argv");

	/* Undifferentiate name .. this is the dispatch function */
	wname = Swig_name_wrapper(iname);
	/* Do this to disambiguate functions emitted from different
	 * modules */
	Append(wname, module);

	Printv(df->def,
	       "SWIGEXT CAML_VALUE ", wname, "(CAML_VALUE args) {\n" "  CAMLparam1(args);\n" "  int i;\n" "  int argc = caml_list_length(args);\n", NIL);
	Printv(df->code,
	       "argv = (CAML_VALUE *)malloc( argc * sizeof( CAML_VALUE ) );\n"
	       "for( i = 0; i < argc; i++ ) {\n" "  argv[i] = caml_list_nth(args,i);\n" "}\n", NIL);
	Printv(df->code, dispatch, "\n", NIL);
	Printf(df->code, "failwith(\"No matching function for overloaded '%s'\");\n", iname);
	Printv(df->code, "}\n", NIL);
	Wrapper_print(df, f_wrappers);

	DelWrapper(df);
	Delete(dispatch);
      }
    }

    Printf(f_mlbody,
	   "external %s_f : c_obj list -> c_obj list = \"%s\" ;;\n"
	   "let %s arg = match %s_f (fnhelper arg) with\n"
	   "  [] -> C_void\n"
	   "| [x] -> (if %s then Gc.finalise \n"
	   "  (fun x -> ignore ((invoke x) \"~\" C_void)) x) ; x\n"
	   "| lst -> C_list lst ;;\n", mangled_name, wname, mangled_name, mangled_name, newobj ? "true" : "false");

    if (!classmode || in_constructor || in_destructor || static_member_function)
      Printf(f_mlibody, "val %s : c_obj -> c_obj\n", mangled_name);

    Delete(proc_name);
    Delete(source);
    Delete(target);
    Delete(arg);
    Delete(outarg);
    Delete(cleanup);
    Delete(build);
    DelWrapper(f);
    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * variableWrapper()
   *
   * Create a link to a C variable.
   * This creates a single function _wrap_swig_var_varname().
   * This function takes a single optional argument.   If supplied, it means
   * we are setting this variable to some value.  If omitted, it means we are
   * simply evaluating this variable.  In the set case we return C_void.
   *
   * symname is the name of the variable with respect to C.  This 
   * may need to differ from the original name in the case of enums.
   * enumvname is the name of the variable with respect to ocaml.  This
   * will vary if the variable has been renamed.
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual int variableWrapper(Node *n) {
    char *name = GetChar(n, "feature:symname");
    String *iname = Getattr(n, "feature:enumvname");
    String *mname = mangleNameForCaml(iname);
    SwigType *t = Getattr(n, "type");

    String *proc_name = NewString("");
    String *tm;
    String *tm2 = NewString("");;
    String *argnum = NewString("0");
    String *arg = NewString("SWIG_Field(args,0)");
    Wrapper *f;

    if (!name) {
      name = GetChar(n, "name");
    }

    if (!iname) {
      iname = Getattr(n, "sym:name");
      mname = mangleNameForCaml(NewString(iname));
    }

    if (!iname || !addSymbol(iname, n))
      return SWIG_ERROR;

    f = NewWrapper();

    // evaluation function names
    String *var_name = Swig_name_wrapper(iname);

    // Build the name for scheme.
    Printv(proc_name, iname, NIL);
    Setattr(n, "wrap:name", proc_name);

    Printf(f->def, "SWIGEXT CAML_VALUE %s(CAML_VALUE args) {\n", var_name);
    // Printv(f->def, "#define FUNC_NAME \"", proc_name, "\"", NIL);

    Wrapper_add_local(f, "swig_result", "CAML_VALUE swig_result");

    if (!GetFlag(n, "feature:immutable")) {
      /* Check for a setting of the variable value */
      Printf(f->code, "if (args != Val_int(0)) {\n");
      if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("varin", n, name, 0))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$source", "args");
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", name);
	Replaceall(tm, "$input", "args");
	/* Printv(f->code, tm, "\n",NIL); */
	emit_action_code(n, f->code, tm);
      } else if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("in", n, name, 0))) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$source", "args");
	Replaceall(tm, "$target", name);
	Replaceall(tm, "$input", "args");
	Printv(f->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
      } else {
	throw_unhandled_ocaml_type_error(t, "varin/in");
      }
      Printf(f->code, "}\n");
    }
    // Now return the value of the variable (regardless
    // of evaluating or setting)

    if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("varout", n, name, 0))) {
      Replaceall(tm, "$source", name);
      Replaceall(tm, "$target", "swig_result");
      Replaceall(tm, "$result", "swig_result");
      emit_action_code(n, f->code, tm);
    } else if ((tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("out", n, name, 0))) {
      Replaceall(tm, "$source", name);
      Replaceall(tm, "$target", "swig_result");
      Replaceall(tm, "$result", "swig_result");
      Printf(f->code, "%s\n", tm);
    } else {
      throw_unhandled_ocaml_type_error(t, "varout/out");
    }

    Printf(f->code, "\nreturn swig_result;\n");
    Printf(f->code, "}\n");

    Wrapper_print(f, f_wrappers);

    // Now add symbol to the Ocaml interpreter

    if (GetFlag(n, "feature:immutable")) {
      Printf(f_mlbody, "external _%s : c_obj -> Swig.c_obj = \"%s\" \n", mname, var_name);
      Printf(f_mlibody, "val _%s : c_obj -> Swig.c_obj\n", iname);
      if (const_enum) {
	Printf(f_enum_to_int, " | `%s -> _%s C_void\n", mname, mname);
	Printf(f_int_to_enum, " if y = (get_int (_%s C_void)) then `%s else\n", mname, mname);
      }
    } else {
      Printf(f_mlbody, "external _%s : c_obj -> c_obj = \"%s\"\n", mname, var_name);
      Printf(f_mlibody, "external _%s : c_obj -> c_obj = \"%s\"\n", mname, var_name);
    }

    Delete(var_name);
    Delete(proc_name);
    Delete(argnum);
    Delete(arg);
    Delete(tm2);
    DelWrapper(f);
    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * staticmemberfunctionHandler --
   * Overridden to set static_member_function 
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual int staticmemberfunctionHandler(Node *n) {
    int rv;
    static_member_function = 1;
    rv = Language::staticmemberfunctionHandler(n);
    static_member_function = 0;
    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * constantWrapper()
   *
   * The one trick here is that we have to make sure we rename the
   * constant to something useful that doesn't collide with the
   * original if any exists.
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  virtual int constantWrapper(Node *n) {
    String *name = Getattr(n, "feature:symname");
    SwigType *type = Getattr(n, "type");
    String *value = Getattr(n, "value");
    String *qvalue = Getattr(n, "qualified:value");
    String *rvalue = NewString("");
    String *temp = 0;

    if (qvalue)
      value = qvalue;

    if (!name) {
      name = mangleNameForCaml(Getattr(n, "name"));
      Insert(name, 0, "_swig_wrap_");
      Setattr(n, "feature:symname", name);
    }
    // See if there's a typemap

    Printv(rvalue, value, NIL);
    if ((SwigType_type(type) == T_CHAR) && (is_a_pointer(type) == 1)) {
      temp = Copy(rvalue);
      Clear(rvalue);
      Printv(rvalue, "\"", temp, "\"", NIL);
      Delete(temp);
    }
    if ((SwigType_type(type) == T_CHAR) && (is_a_pointer(type) == 0)) {
      temp = Copy(rvalue);
      Clear(rvalue);
      Printv(rvalue, "'", temp, "'", NIL);
      Delete(temp);
    }
    // Create variable and assign it a value

    Printf(f_header, "static %s = ", SwigType_lstr(type, name));
    if ((SwigType_type(type) == T_STRING)) {
      Printf(f_header, "\"%s\";\n", value);
    } else if (SwigType_type(type) == T_CHAR) {
      Printf(f_header, "\'%s\';\n", value);
    } else {
      Printf(f_header, "%s;\n", value);
    }

    SetFlag(n, "feature:immutable");
    variableWrapper(n);
    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  int constructorHandler(Node *n) {
    int ret;

    in_constructor = 1;
    ret = Language::constructorHandler(n);
    in_constructor = 0;

    return ret;
  }

  /* destructorHandler:
   * Turn on destructor flag to inform decisions in functionWrapper
   */

  int destructorHandler(Node *n) {
    int ret;

    in_destructor = 1;
    ret = Language::destructorHandler(n);
    in_destructor = 0;

    return ret;
  }

  /* copyconstructorHandler:
   * Turn on constructor and copyconstructor flags for functionWrapper
   */

  int copyconstructorHandler(Node *n) {
    int ret;

    in_copyconst = 1;
    in_constructor = 1;
    ret = Language::copyconstructorHandler(n);
    in_constructor = 0;
    in_copyconst = 0;

    return ret;
  }

    /**
     * A simple, somewhat general purpose function for writing to multiple
     * streams from a source template.  This allows the user to define the
     * class definition in ways different from the one I have here if they
     * want to.  It will also make the class definition system easier to
     * fiddle with when I want to change methods, etc.
     */

  void Multiwrite(String *s) {
    char *find_marker = strstr(Char(s), "(*Stream:");
    while (find_marker) {
      char *next = strstr(find_marker, "*)");
      find_marker += strlen("(*Stream:");

      if (next) {
	int num_chars = next - find_marker;
	String *stream_name = NewString(find_marker);
	Delslice(stream_name, num_chars, Len(stream_name));
	File *fout = Swig_filebyname(stream_name);
	if (fout) {
	  next += strlen("*)");
	  char *following = strstr(next, "(*Stream:");
	  find_marker = following;
	  if (!following)
	    following = next + strlen(next);
	  String *chunk = NewString(next);
	  Delslice(chunk, following - next, Len(chunk));
	  Printv(fout, chunk, NIL);
	}
      }
    }
  }

  bool isSimpleType(String *name) {
    char *ch = Char(name);

    return !(strchr(ch, '(') || strchr(ch, '<') || strchr(ch, ')') || strchr(ch, '>'));
  }

  /* We accept all chars in identifiers because we use strings to index
   * them. */
  int validIdentifier(String *name) {
    return Len(name) > 0 ? 1 : 0;
  }

  /* classHandler
   * 
   * Create a "class" definition for ocaml.  I thought quite a bit about
   * how I should do this part of it, and arrived here, using a function
   * invocation to select a method, and dispatch.  This can obviously be
   * done better, but I can't see how, given that I want to support 
   * overloaded methods, out parameters, and operators.
   *
   * I needed a system that would do this:
   *
   *  a Be able to call these methods:
   *   int foo( int x );
   *   float foo( int x, int &out );
   *
   *  b Be typeable, even in the presence of mutually dependent classes.
   *
   *  c Support some form of operator invocation.
   *
   * (c) I chose strings for the method names so that "+=" would be a
   * valid method name, and the somewhat natural << (invoke x) "+=" y >>
   * would work.
   *
   * (a) (b) Since the c_obj type exists, it's easy to return C_int in one
   * case and C_list [ C_float ; C_int ] in the other.  This makes tricky
   * problems with out parameters disappear; they're simply appended to the
   * return list.
   *
   * (b) Since every item that comes from C++ is the same type, there is no
   * problem with the following:
   *
   * class Foo;
   * class Bar { Foo *toFoo(); }
   * class Foo { Bar *toBar(); }
   *
   * Since the Objective caml types of Foo and Bar are the same.  Now that
   * I correctly incorporate SWIG's typechecking, this isn't a big deal.
   *
   * The class is in the form of a function returning a c_obj.  The c_obj
   * is a C_obj containing a function which invokes a method on the
   * underlying object given its type.
   *
   * The name emitted here is normalized before being sent to
   * Callback.register, because we need this string to look up properly
   * when the typemap passes the descriptor string.  I've been considering
   * some, possibly more forgiving method that would do some transformations
   * on the $descriptor in order to find a potential match.  This is for
   * later.
   *
   * Important things to note:
   *
   * We rely on exception handling (BadMethodName) in order to call an
   * ancestor.  This can be improved.
   *
   * The method used to get :classof could be improved to look at the type
   * info that the base pointer contains.  It's really an error to have a
   * SWIG-generated object that does not contain type info, since the
   * existence of the object means that SWIG knows the type.
   *
   * :parents could use :classof to tell what class it is and make a better
   * decision.  This could be nice, (i.e. provide a run-time graph of C++
   * classes represented);.
   *
   * I can't think of a more elegant way of converting a C_obj fun to a
   * pointer than "operator &"... 
   *
   * Added a 'sizeof' that will allow you to do the expected thing.
   * This should help users to fill buffer structs and the like (as is
   * typical in windows-styled code).  It's only enabled if you give
   * %feature(sizeof) and then, only for simple types.
   *
   * Overall, carrying the list of methods and base classes has worked well.
   * It allows me to give the Ocaml user introspection over their objects.
   */

  int classHandler(Node *n) {
    String *name = Getattr(n, "name");

    if (!name)
      return SWIG_OK;

    String *mangled_sym_name = mangleNameForCaml(name);
    String *this_class_def = NewString(f_classtemplate);
    String *name_normalized = normalizeTemplatedClassName(name);
    String *old_class_ctors = f_class_ctors;
    String *base_classes = NewString("");
    f_class_ctors = NewString("");
    bool sizeof_feature = generate_sizeof && isSimpleType(name);


    classname = mangled_sym_name;
    classmode = true;
    int rv = Language::classHandler(n);
    classmode = false;

    if (sizeof_feature) {
      Printf(f_wrappers,
	     "SWIGEXT CAML_VALUE _wrap_%s_sizeof( CAML_VALUE args ) {\n"
	     "    CAMLparam1(args);\n" "    CAMLreturn(Val_int(sizeof(%s)));\n" "}\n", mangled_sym_name, name_normalized);

      Printf(f_mlbody, "external __%s_sizeof : unit -> int = " "\"_wrap_%s_sizeof\"\n", classname, mangled_sym_name);
    }


    /* Insert sizeof operator for concrete classes */
    if (sizeof_feature) {
      Printv(f_class_ctors, "\"sizeof\" , (fun args -> C_int (__", classname, "_sizeof ())) ;\n", NIL);
    }
    /* Handle up-casts in a nice way */
    List *baselist = Getattr(n, "bases");
    if (baselist && Len(baselist)) {
      Iterator b;
      b = First(baselist);
      while (b.item) {
	String *bname = Getattr(b.item, "name");
	if (bname) {
	  String *base_create = NewString("");
	  Printv(base_create, "(create_class \"", bname, "\")", NIL);
	  Printv(f_class_ctors, "   \"::", bname, "\", (fun args -> ", base_create, " args) ;\n", NIL);
	  Printv(base_classes, base_create, " ;\n", NIL);
	}
	b = Next(b);
      }
    }

    Replaceall(this_class_def, "$classname", classname);
    Replaceall(this_class_def, "$normalized", name_normalized);
    Replaceall(this_class_def, "$realname", name);
    Replaceall(this_class_def, "$baselist", base_classes);
    Replaceall(this_class_def, "$classbody", f_class_ctors);

    Delete(f_class_ctors);
    f_class_ctors = old_class_ctors;

    // Actually write out the class definition

    Multiwrite(this_class_def);

    Setattr(n, "ocaml:ctor", classname);

    return rv;
  }

  String *normalizeTemplatedClassName(String *name) {
    String *name_normalized = SwigType_typedef_resolve_all(name);
    bool took_action;

    do {
      took_action = false;

      if (is_a_pointer(name_normalized)) {
	SwigType_del_pointer(name_normalized);
	took_action = true;
      }

      if (is_a_reference(name_normalized)) {
	oc_SwigType_del_reference(name_normalized);
	took_action = true;
      }

      if (is_an_array(name_normalized)) {
	oc_SwigType_del_array(name_normalized);
	took_action = true;
      }
    } while (took_action);

    return SwigType_str(name_normalized, 0);
  }

  /*
   * Produce the symbol name that ocaml will use when referring to the 
   * target item.  I wonder if there's a better way to do this:
   *
   * I shudder to think about doing it with a hash lookup, but that would
   * make a couple of things easier:
   */

  String *mangleNameForCaml(String *s) {
    String *out = Copy(s);
    Replaceall(out, " ", "_xx");
    Replaceall(out, "::", "_xx");
    Replaceall(out, ",", "_x");
    Replaceall(out, "+", "_xx_plus");
    Replaceall(out, "-", "_xx_minus");
    Replaceall(out, "<", "_xx_ldbrace");
    Replaceall(out, ">", "_xx_rdbrace");
    Replaceall(out, "!", "_xx_not");
    Replaceall(out, "%", "_xx_mod");
    Replaceall(out, "^", "_xx_xor");
    Replaceall(out, "*", "_xx_star");
    Replaceall(out, "&", "_xx_amp");
    Replaceall(out, "|", "_xx_or");
    Replaceall(out, "(", "_xx_lparen");
    Replaceall(out, ")", "_xx_rparen");
    Replaceall(out, "[", "_xx_lbrace");
    Replaceall(out, "]", "_xx_rbrace");
    Replaceall(out, "~", "_xx_bnot");
    Replaceall(out, "=", "_xx_equals");
    Replaceall(out, "/", "_xx_slash");
    Replaceall(out, ".", "_xx_dot");
    return out;
  }

  String *fully_qualify_enum_name(Node *n, String *name) {
    Node *parent = 0;
    String *qualification = NewString("");
    String *fully_qualified_name = NewString("");
    String *parent_type = 0;
    String *normalized_name;

    parent = parentNode(n);
    while (parent) {
      parent_type = nodeType(parent);
      if (Getattr(parent, "name")) {
	String *parent_copy = NewStringf("%s::", Getattr(parent, "name"));
	if (!Cmp(parent_type, "class") || !Cmp(parent_type, "namespace"))
	  Insert(qualification, 0, parent_copy);
	Delete(parent_copy);
      }
      if (!Cmp(parent_type, "class"))
	break;
      parent = parentNode(parent);
    }

    Printf(fully_qualified_name, "%s%s", qualification, name);

    normalized_name = normalizeTemplatedClassName(fully_qualified_name);
    if (!strncmp(Char(normalized_name), "enum ", 5)) {
      Insert(normalized_name, 5, qualification);
    }

    return normalized_name;
  }

  /* Benedikt Grundmann inspired --> Enum wrap styles */

  int enumvalueDeclaration(Node *n) {
    String *name = Getattr(n, "name");
    String *qvalue = 0;

    if (name_qualifier) {
      qvalue = Copy(name_qualifier);
      Printv(qvalue, name, NIL);
    }

    if (const_enum && name && !Getattr(seen_enumvalues, name)) {
      Setattr(seen_enumvalues, name, "true");
      SetFlag(n, "feature:immutable");
      Setattr(n, "feature:enumvalue", "1");	// this does not appear to be used

      if (qvalue)
	Setattr(n, "qualified:value", qvalue);

      String *evname = SwigType_manglestr(qvalue);
      Insert(evname, 0, "SWIG_ENUM_");

      Setattr(n, "feature:enumvname", name);
      Setattr(n, "feature:symname", evname);
      Delete(evname);
      Printf(f_enumtypes_value, "| `%s\n", name);

      return Language::enumvalueDeclaration(n);
    } else
      return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* -------------------------------------------------------------------
   * This function is a bit uglier than it deserves.
   *
   * I used to direct lookup the name of the enum.  Now that certain fixes
   * have been made in other places, the names of enums are now fully
   * qualified, which is a good thing, overall, but requires me to do
   * some legwork.
   *
   * The other thing that uglifies this function is the varying way that
   * typedef enum and enum are handled.  I need to produce consistent names,
   * which means looking up and registering by typedef and enum name. */
  int enumDeclaration(Node *n) {
    String *name = Getattr(n, "name");
    if (name) {
      String *oname = NewString(name);
      /* name is now fully qualified */
      String *fully_qualified_name = NewString(name);
      bool seen_enum = false;
      if (name_qualifier)
        Delete(name_qualifier);
      char *strip_position;
      name_qualifier = fully_qualify_enum_name(n, NewString(""));

      strip_position = strstr(Char(oname), "::");

      while (strip_position) {
        strip_position += 2;
        oname = NewString(strip_position);
        strip_position = strstr(Char(oname), "::");
      }

      seen_enum = (Getattr(seen_enums, fully_qualified_name) ? true : false);

      if (!seen_enum) {
        const_enum = true;
        Printf(f_enum_to_int, "| `%s -> (match y with\n", oname);
        Printf(f_int_to_enum, "| `%s -> C_enum (\n", oname);
        /* * * * A note about enum name resolution * * * *
         * This code should now work, but I think we can do a bit better.
         * The problem I'm having is that swig isn't very precise about
         * typedef name resolution.  My opinion is that SwigType_typedef
         * resolve_all should *always* return the enum tag if one exists,
         * rather than the admittedly friendlier enclosing typedef.
         * 
         * This would make one of the cases below unnecessary. 
         * * * */
        Printf(f_mlbody, "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_marker\" (`%s)\n", fully_qualified_name, oname);
        if (!strncmp(Char(fully_qualified_name), "enum ", 5)) {
          String *fq_noenum = NewString(Char(fully_qualified_name) + 5);
          Printf(f_mlbody,
                 "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_marker\" (`%s)\n" "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_marker\" (`%s)\n", fq_noenum, oname, fq_noenum, name);
        }

        Printf(f_enumtypes_type, "| `%s\n", oname);
        Insert(fully_qualified_name, 0, "enum ");
        Setattr(seen_enums, fully_qualified_name, n);
      }
    }

    int ret = Language::enumDeclaration(n);

    if (const_enum) {
      Printf(f_int_to_enum, "`Int y)\n");
      Printf(f_enum_to_int, "| `Int x -> Swig.C_int x\n" "| _ -> raise (LabelNotFromThisEnum v))\n");
    }

    const_enum = false;

    return ret;
  }

  /* ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   * BEGIN C++ Director Class modifications
   * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

  /*
   * Modified polymorphism code for Ocaml language module.
   * Original:
   * C++/Python polymorphism demo code, copyright (C) 2002 Mark Rose 
   * <mrose@stm.lbl.gov>
   *
   * TODO
   *
   * Move some boilerplate code generation to Swig_...() functions.
   *
   */

  /* ---------------------------------------------------------------
   * classDirectorMethod()
   *
   * Emit a virtual director method to pass a method call on to the 
   * underlying Python object.
   *
   * --------------------------------------------------------------- */

  int classDirectorMethod(Node *n, Node *parent, String *super) {
    int is_void = 0;
    int is_pointer = 0;
    String *storage;
    String *value;
    String *decl;
    String *type;
    String *name;
    String *classname;
    String *c_classname = Getattr(parent, "name");
    String *declaration;
    ParmList *l;
    Wrapper *w;
    String *tm;
    String *wrap_args = NewString("");
    String *return_type;
    int status = SWIG_OK;
    int idx;
    bool pure_virtual = false;
    bool ignored_method = GetFlag(n, "feature:ignore") ? true : false;

    storage = Getattr(n, "storage");
    value = Getattr(n, "value");
    classname = Getattr(parent, "sym:name");
    type = Getattr(n, "type");
    name = Getattr(n, "name");

    if (Cmp(storage, "virtual") == 0) {
      if (Cmp(value, "0") == 0) {
	pure_virtual = true;
      }
    }

    w = NewWrapper();
    declaration = NewString("");
    Wrapper_add_local(w, "swig_result", "CAMLparam0();\n" "SWIG_CAMLlocal2(swig_result,args)");

    /* determine if the method returns a pointer */
    decl = Getattr(n, "decl");
    is_pointer = SwigType_ispointer_return(decl);
    is_void = (!Cmp(type, "void") && !is_pointer);

    /* form complete return type */
    return_type = Copy(type);
    {
      SwigType *t = Copy(decl);
      SwigType *f = 0;
      f = SwigType_pop_function(t);
      SwigType_push(return_type, t);
      Delete(f);
      Delete(t);
    }

    /* virtual method definition */
    l = Getattr(n, "parms");
    String *target;
    String *pclassname = NewStringf("SwigDirector_%s", classname);
    String *qualified_name = NewStringf("%s::%s", pclassname, name);
    SwigType *rtype = Getattr(n, "conversion_operator") ? 0 : type;
    target = Swig_method_decl(rtype, decl, qualified_name, l, 0, 0);
    Printf(w->def, "%s {", target);
    Delete(qualified_name);
    Delete(target);
    /* header declaration */
    target = Swig_method_decl(rtype, decl, name, l, 0, 1);
    Printf(declaration, "    virtual %s;", target);
    Delete(target);

    /* declare method return value 
     * if the return value is a reference or const reference, a specialized typemap must
     * handle it, including declaration of c_result ($result).
     */
    if (!is_void) {
      if (!(ignored_method && !pure_virtual)) {
	Wrapper_add_localv(w, "c_result", SwigType_lstr(return_type, "c_result"), NIL);
      }
    }

    if (ignored_method) {
      if (!pure_virtual) {
	if (!is_void)
	  Printf(w->code, "return ");
	String *super_call = Swig_method_call(super, l);
	Printf(w->code, "%s;\n", super_call);
	Delete(super_call);
      } else {
	Printf(w->code, "Swig::DirectorPureVirtualException::raise(\"Attempted to invoke pure virtual method %s::%s\");\n", SwigType_namestr(c_classname),
	       SwigType_namestr(name));
      }
    } else {
      /* attach typemaps to arguments (C/C++ -> Ocaml) */
      String *arglist = NewString("");

      Swig_typemap_attach_parms("in", l, 0);
      Swig_typemap_attach_parms("directorin", l, 0);
      Swig_typemap_attach_parms("directorargout", l, w);

      Parm *p;
      int num_arguments = emit_num_arguments(l);
      int i;
      char source[256];

      int outputs = 0;
      if (!is_void)
	outputs++;

      /* build argument list and type conversion string */
      for (i = 0, idx = 0, p = l; i < num_arguments; i++) {

	while (Getattr(p, "tmap:ignore")) {
	  p = Getattr(p, "tmap:ignore:next");
	}

	if (Getattr(p, "tmap:directorargout") != 0)
	  outputs++;

	String *pname = Getattr(p, "name");
	String *ptype = Getattr(p, "type");

	Putc(',', arglist);
	if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:directorin")) != 0) {
	  Replaceall(tm, "$input", pname);
	  Replaceall(tm, "$owner", "0");
	  if (Len(tm) == 0)
	    Append(tm, pname);
	  Printv(wrap_args, tm, "\n", NIL);
	  p = Getattr(p, "tmap:directorin:next");
	  continue;
	} else if (Cmp(ptype, "void")) {
	  /* special handling for pointers to other C++ director classes.
	   * ideally this would be left to a typemap, but there is currently no
	   * way to selectively apply the dynamic_cast<> to classes that have
	   * directors.  in other words, the type "SwigDirector_$1_lname" only exists
	   * for classes with directors.  we avoid the problem here by checking
	   * module.wrap::directormap, but it's not clear how to get a typemap to
	   * do something similar.  perhaps a new default typemap (in addition
	   * to SWIGTYPE) called DIRECTORTYPE?
	   */
	  if (SwigType_ispointer(ptype) || SwigType_isreference(ptype)) {
	    Node *module = Getattr(parent, "module");
	    Node *target = Swig_directormap(module, ptype);
	    sprintf(source, "obj%d", idx++);
	    String *nonconst = 0;
	    /* strip pointer/reference --- should move to Swig/stype.c */
	    String *nptype = NewString(Char(ptype) + 2);
	    /* name as pointer */
	    String *ppname = Copy(pname);
	    if (SwigType_isreference(ptype)) {
	      Insert(ppname, 0, "&");
	    }
	    /* if necessary, cast away const since Python doesn't support it! */
	    if (SwigType_isconst(nptype)) {
	      nonconst = NewStringf("nc_tmp_%s", pname);
	      String *nonconst_i = NewStringf("= const_cast<%s>(%s)", SwigType_lstr(ptype, 0), ppname);
	      Wrapper_add_localv(w, nonconst, SwigType_lstr(ptype, 0), nonconst, nonconst_i, NIL);
	      Delete(nonconst_i);
	      Swig_warning(WARN_LANG_DISCARD_CONST, input_file, line_number,
			   "Target language argument '%s' discards const in director method %s::%s.\n", SwigType_str(ptype, pname),
			   SwigType_namestr(c_classname), SwigType_namestr(name));
	    } else {
	      nonconst = Copy(ppname);
	    }
	    Delete(nptype);
	    Delete(ppname);
	    String *mangle = SwigType_manglestr(ptype);
	    if (target) {
	      String *director = NewStringf("director_%s", mangle);
	      Wrapper_add_localv(w, director, "Swig::Director *", director, "= 0", NIL);
	      Wrapper_add_localv(w, source, "CAML_VALUE", source, "= Val_unit", NIL);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "%s = dynamic_cast<Swig::Director *>(%s);\n", director, nonconst);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "if (!%s) {\n", director);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "%s = SWIG_NewPointerObj(%s, SWIGTYPE%s, 0);\n", source, nonconst, mangle);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "} else {\n");
	      Printf(wrap_args, "%s = %s->swig_get_self();\n", source, director);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "}\n");
	      Delete(director);
	      Printv(arglist, source, NIL);
	    } else {
	      Wrapper_add_localv(w, source, "CAML_VALUE", source, "= Val_unit", NIL);
	      Printf(wrap_args, "%s = SWIG_NewPointerObj(%s, SWIGTYPE%s, 0);\n", source, nonconst, mangle);
	      //Printf(wrap_args, "%s = SWIG_NewPointerObj(%s, SWIGTYPE_p_%s, 0);\n", 
	      //       source, nonconst, base);
	      Printv(arglist, source, NIL);
	    }
	    Delete(mangle);
	    Delete(nonconst);
	  } else {
	    Swig_warning(WARN_TYPEMAP_DIRECTORIN_UNDEF, input_file, line_number,
			 "Unable to use type %s as a function argument in director method %s::%s (skipping method).\n", SwigType_str(ptype, 0),
			 SwigType_namestr(c_classname), SwigType_namestr(name));
	    status = SWIG_NOWRAP;
	    break;
	  }
	}
	p = nextSibling(p);
      }

      Printv(w->code, "swig_result = Val_unit;\n", 0);
      Printf(w->code, "args = Val_unit;\n");

      /* wrap complex arguments to values */
      Printv(w->code, wrap_args, NIL);

      /* pass the method call on to the Python object */
      Printv(w->code,
	     "swig_result = caml_swig_alloc(1,C_list);\n" "SWIG_Store_field(swig_result,0,args);\n" "args = swig_result;\n" "swig_result = Val_unit;\n", 0);
      Printf(w->code, "swig_result = " "callback3(*caml_named_value(\"swig_runmethod\")," "swig_get_self(),copy_string(\"%s\"),args);\n", Getattr(n, "name"));
      /* exception handling */
      tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("director:except", n, "result", 0);
      if (!tm) {
	tm = Getattr(n, "feature:director:except");
      }
      if ((tm) && Len(tm) && (Strcmp(tm, "1") != 0)) {
	Printf(w->code, "if (result == NULL) {\n");
	Printf(w->code, "  CAML_VALUE error = *caml_named_value(\"director_except\");\n");
	Replaceall(tm, "$error", "error");
	Printv(w->code, Str(tm), "\n", NIL);
	Printf(w->code, "}\n");
      }

      /*
       * Python method may return a simple object, or a tuple.
       * for in/out aruments, we have to extract the appropriate values from the 
       * argument list, then marshal everything back to C/C++ (return value and
       * output arguments).
       */

      /* marshal return value and other outputs (if any) from value to C/C++ 
       * type */

      String *cleanup = NewString("");
      String *outarg = NewString("");

      idx = 0;

      /* this seems really silly.  the node's type excludes 
       * qualifier/pointer/reference markers, which have to be retrieved 
       * from the decl field to construct return_type.  but the typemap
       * lookup routine uses the node's type, so we have to swap in and
       * out the correct type.  it's not just me, similar silliness also
       * occurs in Language::cDeclaration().
       */
      Setattr(n, "type", return_type);
      tm = Swig_typemap_lookup("directorout", n, "c_result", w);
      Setattr(n, "type", type);
      if (tm != 0) {
	Replaceall(tm, "$input", "swig_result");
	/* TODO check this */
	if (Getattr(n, "wrap:disown")) {
	  Replaceall(tm, "$disown", "SWIG_POINTER_DISOWN");
	} else {
	  Replaceall(tm, "$disown", "0");
	}
	Replaceall(tm, "$result", "c_result");
	Printv(w->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
      }

      /* marshal outputs */
      for (p = l; p;) {
	if ((tm = Getattr(p, "tmap:directorargout")) != 0) {
	  Replaceall(tm, "$input", "swig_result");
	  Replaceall(tm, "$result", Getattr(p, "name"));
	  Printv(w->code, tm, "\n", NIL);
	  p = Getattr(p, "tmap:directorargout:next");
	} else {
	  p = nextSibling(p);
	}
      }

      Delete(arglist);
      Delete(cleanup);
      Delete(outarg);
    }

    /* any existing helper functions to handle this? */
    if (!is_void) {
      if (!(ignored_method && !pure_virtual)) {
	/* A little explanation:
	 * The director_enum test case makes a method whose return type
	 * is an enum type.  return_type here is "int".  gcc complains
	 * about an implicit enum conversion, and although i don't strictly
	 * agree with it, I'm working on fixing the error:
	 *
	 * Below is what I came up with.  It's not great but it should
	 * always essentially work.
	 */
	if (!SwigType_isreference(return_type)) {
	  Printf(w->code, "CAMLreturn_type((%s)c_result);\n", SwigType_lstr(return_type, ""));
	} else {
	  Printf(w->code, "CAMLreturn_type(*c_result);\n");
	}
      }
    }

    Printf(w->code, "}\n");

    // We expose protected methods via an extra public inline method which makes a straight call to the wrapped class' method
    String *inline_extra_method = NewString("");
    if (dirprot_mode() && !is_public(n) && !pure_virtual) {
      Printv(inline_extra_method, declaration, NIL);
      String *extra_method_name = NewStringf("%sSwigPublic", name);
      Replaceall(inline_extra_method, name, extra_method_name);
      Replaceall(inline_extra_method, ";\n", " {\n      ");
      if (!is_void)
	Printf(inline_extra_method, "return ");
      String *methodcall = Swig_method_call(super, l);
      Printv(inline_extra_method, methodcall, ";\n    }\n", NIL);
      Delete(methodcall);
      Delete(extra_method_name);
    }

    /* emit the director method */
    if (status == SWIG_OK) {
      if (!Getattr(n, "defaultargs")) {
	Wrapper_print(w, f_directors);
	Printv(f_directors_h, declaration, NIL);
	Printv(f_directors_h, inline_extra_method, NIL);
      }
    }

    /* clean up */
    Delete(wrap_args);
    Delete(return_type);
    Delete(pclassname);
    DelWrapper(w);
    return status;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * classDirectorConstructor()
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  int classDirectorConstructor(Node *n) {
    Node *parent = Getattr(n, "parentNode");
    String *sub = NewString("");
    String *decl = Getattr(n, "decl");
    String *supername = Swig_class_name(parent);
    String *classname = NewString("");
    Printf(classname, "SwigDirector_%s", supername);

    /* insert self parameter */
    Parm *p, *q;
    ParmList *superparms = Getattr(n, "parms");
    ParmList *parms = CopyParmList(superparms);
    String *type = NewString("CAML_VALUE");
    p = NewParm(type, NewString("self"));
    q = Copy(p);
    set_nextSibling(q, superparms);
    set_nextSibling(p, parms);
    parms = p;

    if (!Getattr(n, "defaultargs")) {
      /* constructor */
      {
	Wrapper *w = NewWrapper();
	String *call;
	String *basetype = Getattr(parent, "classtype");
	String *target = Swig_method_decl(0, decl, classname, parms, 0, 0);
	call = Swig_csuperclass_call(0, basetype, superparms);
	Printf(w->def, "%s::%s: %s, Swig::Director(self) { }", classname, target, call);
	Delete(target);
	Wrapper_print(w, f_directors);
	Delete(call);
	DelWrapper(w);
      }

      /* constructor header */
      {
	String *target = Swig_method_decl(0, decl, classname, parms, 0, 1);
	Printf(f_directors_h, "    %s;\n", target);
	Delete(target);
      }
    }

    Setattr(n, "parms", q);
    Language::classDirectorConstructor(n);

    Delete(sub);
    Delete(classname);
    Delete(supername);
    //Delete(parms);        

    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  /* ------------------------------------------------------------
   * classDirectorDefaultConstructor()
   * ------------------------------------------------------------ */

  int classDirectorDefaultConstructor(Node *n) {
    String *classname;
    classname = Swig_class_name(n);

    /* insert self parameter */
    Parm *p, *q;
    ParmList *superparms = Getattr(n, "parms");
    ParmList *parms = CopyParmList(superparms);
    String *type = NewString("CAML_VALUE");
    p = NewParm(type, NewString("self"));
    q = Copy(p);
    set_nextSibling(p, parms);
    parms = p;

    {
      Wrapper *w = NewWrapper();
      Printf(w->def, "SwigDirector_%s::SwigDirector_%s(CAML_VALUE self) : Swig::Director(self) { }", classname, classname);
      Wrapper_print(w, f_directors);
      DelWrapper(w);
    }
    Printf(f_directors_h, "    SwigDirector_%s(CAML_VALUE self);\n", classname);
    Delete(classname);
    Setattr(n, "parms", q);
    return Language::classDirectorDefaultConstructor(n);
  }

  int classDirectorInit(Node *n) {
    String *declaration = Swig_director_declaration(n);
    Printf(f_directors_h, "\n" "%s\n" "public:\n", declaration);
    Delete(declaration);
    return Language::classDirectorInit(n);
  }

  int classDirectorEnd(Node *n) {
    Printf(f_directors_h, "};\n\n");
    return Language::classDirectorEnd(n);
  }

  /* ---------------------------------------------------------------------
   * typedefHandler
   *
   * This is here in order to maintain the correct association between
   * typedef names and enum names. 
   *
   * Since I implement enums as polymorphic variant tags, I need to call
   * back into ocaml to evaluate them.  This requires a string that can
   * be generated in the typemaps, and also at SWIG time to be the same
   * string.  The problem that arises is that SWIG variously generates
   * enum e_name_tag
   * e_name_tag
   * e_typedef_name
   * for
   * typedef enum e_name_tag { ... } e_typedef_name;
   * 
   * Since I need these strings to be consistent, I must maintain a correct
   * association list between typedef and enum names.
   * --------------------------------------------------------------------- */
  int typedefHandler(Node *n) {
    String *type = Getattr(n, "type");
    Node *enum_node = type ? Getattr(seen_enums, type) : 0;
    if (enum_node) {
      String *name = Getattr(enum_node, "name");

      Printf(f_mlbody, "let _ = Callback.register \"%s_marker\" (`%s)\n", Getattr(n, "name"), name);

    }
    return SWIG_OK;
  }

  String *runtimeCode() {
    String *s = Swig_include_sys("ocaml.swg");
    if (!s) {
      Printf(stderr, "*** Unable to open 'ocaml.swg'\n");
      s = NewString("");
    }
    return s;
  }

  String *defaultExternalRuntimeFilename() {
    return NewString("swigocamlrun.h");
  }
};

/* -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * swig_ocaml()    - Instantiate module
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

static Language *new_swig_ocaml() {
  return new OCAML();
}
extern "C" Language *swig_ocaml(void) {
  return new_swig_ocaml();
}