.\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1990, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)w.1 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/w/w.1,v 1.17 2001/07/26 19:20:13 brian Exp $ .\" .Dd June 6, 1993 .Dt W 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm w .Nd "display who is logged in and what they are doing" .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl dhin .Op Fl M Ar core .Op Fl N Ar system .Op Ar user ... .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility prints a summary of the current activity on the system, including what each user is doing. The first line displays the current time of day, how long the system has been running, the number of users logged into the system, and the load averages. The load average numbers give the number of jobs in the run queue averaged over 1, 5 and 15 minutes. .Pp The fields output are the user's login name, the name of the terminal the user is on, the host from which the user is logged in, the time the user logged on, the time since the user last typed anything, and the name and arguments of the current process. .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl d dumps out the entire process list on a per controlling tty basis, instead of just the top level process. .It Fl h Suppress the heading. .It Fl i Output is sorted by idle time. .It Fl M Extract values associated with the name list from the specified core instead of the default .Dq /dev/kmem . .It Fl N Extract the name list from the specified system instead of the default .Dq /mach . .It Fl n Don't attempt to resolve network addresses (normally .Nm interprets addresses and attempts to display them as names). .El .Pp If one or more .Ar user names are specified, the output is restricted to those users. .Sh FILES .Bl -tag -width /var/run/utmp -compact .It Pa /var/run/utmp list of users on the system .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr finger 1 , .Xr ps 1 , .Xr uptime 1 , .Xr who 1 .Sh BUGS The notion of the .Dq current process is muddy. The current algorithm is ``the highest numbered process on the terminal that is not ignoring interrupts, or, if there is none, the highest numbered process on the terminal''. This fails, for example, in critical sections of programs like the shell and editor, or when faulty programs running in the background fork and fail to ignore interrupts. (In cases where no process can be found, .Nm prints .Dq \- . ) .Pp The .Tn CPU time is only an estimate, in particular, if someone leaves a background process running after logging out, the person currently on that terminal is .Dq charged with the time. .Pp Background processes are not shown, even though they account for much of the load on the system. .Pp Sometimes processes, typically those in the background, are printed with null or garbaged arguments. In these cases, the name of the command is printed in parentheses. .Pp The .Nm utility does not know about the new conventions for detection of background jobs. It will sometimes find a background job instead of the right one. .Sh COMPATIBILITY The .Fl f , .Fl l , .Fl s , and .Fl w flags are no longer supported. .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command appeared in .Bx 3.0 .