.\"- .\" Copyright (c) 1990, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)echo.1 8.1 (Berkeley) 7/22/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/bin/echo/echo.1,v 1.19 2005/01/16 16:41:56 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd April 12, 2003 .Dt ECHO 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm echo .Nd write arguments to the standard output .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl n .Op Ar string ... .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility writes any specified operands, separated by single blank .Pq Ql "\ " characters and followed by a newline .Pq Ql \en character, to the standard output. .Pp The following option is available: .Bl -tag -width flag .It Fl n Do not print the trailing newline character. This may also be achieved by appending .Ql \ec to the end of the string, as is done by iBCS2 compatible systems. Note that this option as well as the effect of .Ql \ec are implementation-defined in .St -p1003.1-2001 as amended by Cor.\& 1-2002. Applications aiming for maximum portability are strongly encouraged to use .Xr printf 1 to suppress the newline character. .El .Pp Some shells may provide a builtin .Nm command which is similar or identical to this utility. .\" 4874742 Most notably, the builtin .Nm in .Xr sh 1 does not accept the .Fl n option. .\" 4874742 Consult the .Xr builtin 1 manual page. .Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr builtin 1 , .Xr csh 1 , .Xr printf 1 , .Xr sh 1 .Sh STANDARDS The .Nm utility conforms to .St -p1003.1-2001 as amended by Cor.\& 1-2002.