.\" Copyright (c) 1988, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" from: @(#)chroot.8 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/9/93 .\" $NetBSD: chroot.8,v 1.7 1998/10/06 03:47:50 mrg Exp $ .\" .Dd October 6, 1998 .Dt CHROOT 8 .Os BSD 4.3 .Sh NAME .Nm chroot .Nd change root directory .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl u user .Op Fl g group .Op Fl G group,group,... .Ar newroot .Op Ar command .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm command changes its root directory to the supplied directory .Ar newroot and exec's .Ar command , if supplied, or an interactive copy of your shell. .Pp If the .Fl u , .Fl g or .Fl G options are given, the user, group and group list of the process are set to these values after the chroot has taken place. See .Xr setgid 2 , .Xr setgroups 2 , .Xr setuid 2 , .Xr getgrnam 3 and .Xr getpwnam 3 . .Pp Note, .Ar command or the shell are run as your real-user-id. .Sh ENVIRONMENT The following environment variable is referenced by .Nm : .Bl -tag -width SHELL .It Ev SHELL If set, the string specified by .Ev SHELL is interpreted as the name of the shell to exec. If the variable .Ev SHELL is not set, .Pa /bin/sh is used. .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr chdir 2 , .Xr chroot 2 , .Xr environ 7 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm utility first appeared in .Bx 4.4 . .Sh SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS .Nm should never be installed setuid root, as it would then be possible to exploit the program to gain root privileges.