.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2001 Sendmail, Inc. and its suppliers. .\" All rights reserved. .\" Copyright (c) 1990, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" By using this file, you agree to the terms and conditions set .\" forth in the LICENSE file which can be found at the top level of .\" the sendmail distribution. .\" .\" .\" $Id: mail.local.8,v 18.104.22.168 2002/03/12 18:00:23 zarzycki Exp $ .\" .TH MAIL.LOCAL 8 "$Date: 2002/03/12 18:00:23 $" .SH NAME mail.local \- store mail in a mailbox .SH SYNOPSIS .B mail.local .RB [ \-7 "] [" \-b "] [" \-d "] [" \-D .IR mbdb ] .RB [ \-l "] [" \-f \fIfrom\fR|\fB\-r\fR .IR from ] .RB [ \-h \fIfilename\fR ] .I "user ..." .SH DESCRIPTION .B Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it to each .I user's .B mail file. The .I user must be a valid user name. .PP The options are as follows: .TP 1i .B \-7 Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode. .TP .B \-b Return a permanent error instead of a temporary error if a mailbox exceeds quota. .TP .B \-d Specify this is a delivery (for backward compatibility). This option has no effect. .TP .BI \-D " mbdb" Specify the name of the mailbox database which is used to look up local recipient names. This option defaults to "pw", which means use getpwnam(). .TP .BI \-f " from" Specify the sender's name. .TP .B \-l Turn on LMTP mode. .TP .BI \-r " from" Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility). Same as \-f. .TP .BI \-h " filename" Store incoming mail in \fIfilename\fR in the user's home directory instead of a system mail spool directory. .PP Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line followed by a line beginning with the string ``From ''. A line containing the string ``From '', the sender's name and a time stamp is prepended to each delivered mail message. A blank line is appended to each message. A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any line in the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters ``From '' following a blank line). .PP The mail files are exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is appended, and a .B user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is locked for compatibility with older MUAs. .PP If the ``biff'' service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff server is notified of delivered mail. .PP The .B mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. .SH ENVIRONMENT .IP TZ Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp. .SH FILES .PD 0.2v .TP 2.2i /tmp/local.XXXXXX temporary files .TP /var/mail/user user's default mailbox directory .TP /var/mail/user.lock lock file for a user's default mailbox .PD .SH SEE ALSO mail(1), xsend(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8) .SH WARNING .B mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty line. If all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for the local mailer in the sendmail.cf file. .SH HISTORY A superset of .B mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program .BR mail .