rwhod.c   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 1983, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char copyright[] =
"@(#) Copyright (c) 1983, 1993\n\
	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.\n";
#endif /* not lint */

#if 0
#ifndef lint
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)rwhod.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93";
#endif /* not lint */
#endif

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD: src/usr.sbin/rwhod/rwhod.c,v 1.23 2005/06/03 17:38:33 ssouhlal Exp $");

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/signal.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/if_dl.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <protocols/rwhod.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <paths.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <timeconv.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#ifdef __APPLE__
#include <utmpx.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#else
#include <utmp.h>
#endif
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>

/*
 * This version of Berkeley's rwhod has been modified to use IP multicast
 * datagrams, under control of a new command-line option:
 *
 *	rwhod -m	causes rwhod to use IP multicast (instead of
 *			broadcast or unicast) on all interfaces that have
 *			the IFF_MULTICAST flag set in their "ifnet" structs
 *			(excluding the loopback interface).  The multicast
 *			reports are sent with a time-to-live of 1, to prevent
 *			forwarding beyond the directly-connected subnet(s).
 *
 *	rwhod -m <ttl>	causes rwhod to send IP multicast datagrams with a
 *			time-to-live of <ttl>, via a SINGLE interface rather
 *			than all interfaces.  <ttl> must be between 0 and
 *			MAX_MULTICAST_SCOPE, defined below.  Note that "-m 1"
 *			is different than "-m", in that "-m 1" specifies
 *			transmission on one interface only.
 *
 * When "-m" is used without a <ttl> argument, the program accepts multicast
 * rwhod reports from all multicast-capable interfaces.  If a <ttl> argument
 * is given, it accepts multicast reports from only one interface, the one
 * on which reports are sent (which may be controlled via the host's routing
 * table).  Regardless of the "-m" option, the program accepts broadcast or
 * unicast reports from all interfaces.  Thus, this program will hear the
 * reports of old, non-multicasting rwhods, but, if multicasting is used,
 * those old rwhods won't hear the reports generated by this program.
 *
 *                  -- Steve Deering, Stanford University, February 1989
 */

#define	UNPRIV_USER		"daemon"
#define	UNPRIV_GROUP		"daemon"

#define NO_MULTICAST		0	  /* multicast modes */
#define PER_INTERFACE_MULTICAST	1
#define SCOPED_MULTICAST	2

#define MAX_MULTICAST_SCOPE	32	  /* "site-wide", by convention */

#define INADDR_WHOD_GROUP (u_long)0xe0000103      /* 224.0.1.3 */
					  /* (belongs in protocols/rwhod.h) */

int			insecure_mode;
int			quiet_mode;
int			iff_flag = IFF_POINTOPOINT;
int			multicast_mode  = NO_MULTICAST;
int			multicast_scope;
struct sockaddr_in	multicast_addr  =
	{ sizeof multicast_addr, AF_INET, 0, { 0 }, { 0 } };

/*
 * Alarm interval. Don't forget to change the down time check in ruptime
 * if this is changed.
 */
#define AL_INTERVAL (3 * 60)

char	myname[MAXHOSTNAMELEN];

/*
 * We communicate with each neighbor in a list constructed at the time we're
 * started up.  Neighbors are currently directly connected via a hardware
 * interface.
 */
struct	neighbor {
	struct	neighbor *n_next;
	char	*n_name;		/* interface name */
	struct	sockaddr *n_addr;		/* who to send to */
	int	n_addrlen;		/* size of address */
	int	n_flags;		/* should forward?, interface flags */
};

struct	neighbor *neighbors;
struct	whod mywd;
struct	servent *sp;
int	s, utmpf;

#define	WHDRSIZE	(int)(sizeof(mywd) - sizeof(mywd.wd_we))

void	 run_as(uid_t *, gid_t *);
int	 configure(int);
void	 getboottime(int);
void	 onalrm(int);
void	 quit(const char *);
void	 rt_xaddrs(caddr_t, caddr_t, struct rt_addrinfo *);
int	 verify(char *, int);
static void usage(void);
#ifdef DEBUG
char	*interval(int, char *);
void	 Sendto(int, const void *, size_t, int, const struct sockaddr *, int);
#define	 sendto Sendto
#endif

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	struct sockaddr_in from;
	struct stat st;
	char path[64];
	int on = 1;
	char *cp;
	struct sockaddr_in soin;
	uid_t unpriv_uid;
	gid_t unpriv_gid;

	if (getuid())
		errx(1, "not super user");

	run_as(&unpriv_uid, &unpriv_gid);

	argv++; argc--;
	while (argc > 0 && *argv[0] == '-') {
		if (strcmp(*argv, "-m") == 0) {
			if (argc > 1 && isdigit(*(argv + 1)[0])) {
				argv++, argc--;
				multicast_mode  = SCOPED_MULTICAST;
				multicast_scope = atoi(*argv);
				if (multicast_scope > MAX_MULTICAST_SCOPE)
					errx(1, "ttl must not exceed %u",
					MAX_MULTICAST_SCOPE);
			}
			else multicast_mode = PER_INTERFACE_MULTICAST;
		}
		else if (strcmp(*argv, "-i") == 0)
			insecure_mode = 1;
		else if (strcmp(*argv, "-l") == 0)
			quiet_mode = 1;
		else if (strcmp(*argv, "-p") == 0)
			iff_flag = 0;
		else
			usage();
		argv++, argc--;
	}
	if (argc > 0)
		usage();
#ifndef DEBUG
	daemon(1, 0);
#endif
	(void) signal(SIGHUP, getboottime);
	openlog("rwhod", LOG_PID, LOG_DAEMON);
	sp = getservbyname("who", "udp");
	if (sp == NULL) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "who/udp: unknown service");
		exit(1);
	}
	if (chdir(_PATH_RWHODIR) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s: %m", _PATH_RWHODIR);
		exit(1);
	}
	/*
	 * Establish host name as returned by system.
	 */
	if (gethostname(myname, sizeof(myname) - 1) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "gethostname: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	if ((cp = index(myname, '.')) != NULL)
		*cp = '\0';
	strncpy(mywd.wd_hostname, myname, sizeof(mywd.wd_hostname) - 1);
	mywd.wd_hostname[sizeof(mywd.wd_hostname) - 1] = '\0';
#ifdef __APPLE__
	utmpf = open(_PATH_UTMPX, O_RDONLY|O_CREAT, 0644);
#else
	utmpf = open(_PATH_UTMP, O_RDONLY|O_CREAT, 0644);
#endif
	if (utmpf < 0) {
#ifdef __APPLE__
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s: %m", _PATH_UTMPX);
#else
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s: %m", _PATH_UTMP);
#endif
		exit(1);
	}
	getboottime(0);
	if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "socket: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	if (setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, &on, sizeof(on)) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "setsockopt SO_BROADCAST: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	memset(&soin, 0, sizeof(soin));
	soin.sin_len = sizeof(soin);
	soin.sin_family = AF_INET;
	soin.sin_port = sp->s_port;
	if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr *)&soin, sizeof(soin)) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "bind: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	setgid(unpriv_gid);
	setgroups(1, &unpriv_gid);	/* XXX BOGUS groups[0] = egid */
	setuid(unpriv_uid);
	if (!configure(s))
		exit(1);
	if (!quiet_mode) {
		signal(SIGALRM, onalrm);
		onalrm(0);
	}
	for (;;) {
		struct whod wd;
		socklen_t len = sizeof(from);
		int cc, whod;
		time_t t;

		cc = recvfrom(s, (char *)&wd, sizeof(struct whod), 0,
			(struct sockaddr *)&from, &len);
		if (cc <= 0) {
			if (cc < 0 && errno != EINTR)
				syslog(LOG_WARNING, "recv: %m");
			continue;
		}
		if (from.sin_port != sp->s_port && !insecure_mode) {
			syslog(LOG_WARNING, "%d: bad source port from %s",
			    ntohs(from.sin_port), inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr));
			continue;
		}
		if (cc < WHDRSIZE) {
			syslog(LOG_WARNING, "short packet from %s",
			    inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr));
			continue;
		}
		if (wd.wd_vers != WHODVERSION)
			continue;
		if (wd.wd_type != WHODTYPE_STATUS)
			continue;
		if (!verify(wd.wd_hostname, sizeof wd.wd_hostname)) {
			syslog(LOG_WARNING, "malformed host name from %s",
			    inet_ntoa(from.sin_addr));
			continue;
		}
		(void) snprintf(path, sizeof path, "whod.%s", wd.wd_hostname);
		/*
		 * Rather than truncating and growing the file each time,
		 * use ftruncate if size is less than previous size.
		 */
		whod = open(path, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0644);
		if (whod < 0) {
			syslog(LOG_WARNING, "%s: %m", path);
			continue;
		}
#if ENDIAN != BIG_ENDIAN
		{
			int i, n = (cc - WHDRSIZE)/sizeof(struct whoent);
			struct whoent *we;

			/* undo header byte swapping before writing to file */
			wd.wd_sendtime = ntohl(wd.wd_sendtime);
			for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
				wd.wd_loadav[i] = ntohl(wd.wd_loadav[i]);
			wd.wd_boottime = ntohl(wd.wd_boottime);
			we = wd.wd_we;
			for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
				we->we_idle = ntohl(we->we_idle);
				we->we_utmp.out_time =
				    ntohl(we->we_utmp.out_time);
				we++;
			}
		}
#endif
		(void) time(&t);
		wd.wd_recvtime = _time_to_int(t);
		(void) write(whod, (char *)&wd, cc);
		if (fstat(whod, &st) < 0 || st.st_size > cc)
			ftruncate(whod, cc);
		(void) close(whod);
	}
}

static void
usage()
{
	fprintf(stderr, "usage: rwhod [-i] [-p] [-l] [-m [ttl]]\n");
	exit(1);
}

void
run_as(uid, gid)
	uid_t *uid;
	gid_t *gid;
{
	struct passwd *pw;
	struct group *gr;

	pw = getpwnam(UNPRIV_USER);
	if (!pw) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "getpwnam(%s): %m", UNPRIV_USER);
		exit(1);
	}
	*uid = pw->pw_uid;

	gr = getgrnam(UNPRIV_GROUP);
	if (!gr) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "getgrnam(%s): %m", UNPRIV_GROUP);
		exit(1);
	}
	*gid = gr->gr_gid;
}

/*
 * Check out host name for unprintables
 * and other funnies before allowing a file
 * to be created.  Sorry, but blanks aren't allowed.
 */
int
verify(name, maxlen)
	register char *name;
	register int   maxlen;
{
	register int size = 0;

	while (*name && size < maxlen - 1) {
		if (!isascii(*name) || !(isalnum(*name) || ispunct(*name)))
			return (0);
		name++, size++;
	}
	*name = '\0';
	return (size > 0);
}

int	utmptime;
int	utmpent;
int	utmpsize = 0;
#ifndef __APPLE__
struct	utmp *utmp;
#endif
int	alarmcount;

void
onalrm(signo)
	int signo __unused;
{
	register struct neighbor *np;
	register struct whoent *we = mywd.wd_we, *wlast;
	register int i;
	struct stat stb;
	double avenrun[3];
	time_t now;
	int cc;
#ifdef __APPLE__
	struct utmpx *u;
#endif

	now = time(NULL);
	if (alarmcount % 10 == 0)
		getboottime(0);
	alarmcount++;
	(void) fstat(utmpf, &stb);
	if ((stb.st_mtime != utmptime) || (stb.st_size > utmpsize)) {
		utmptime = stb.st_mtime;
#ifdef __APPLE__
		utmpsize = stb.st_size > utmpsize;
		wlast = &mywd.wd_we[1024 / sizeof(struct whoent) - 1];
		utmpent = 0;
		setutxent();
		while ((u = getutxent()) != NULL)
			if (u->ut_user[0] && u->ut_type == USER_PROCESS) {
				memcpy(we->we_utmp.out_line, u->ut_line,
				   sizeof(we->we_utmp.out_line));
				memcpy(we->we_utmp.out_name, u->ut_user,
				   sizeof(we->we_utmp.out_name));
				we->we_utmp.out_time = htonl(u->ut_tv.tv_sec);
				if (++we > wlast)
					break;
			}
		endutxent();
#else
		if (stb.st_size > utmpsize) {
			utmpsize = stb.st_size + 10 * sizeof(struct utmp);
			utmp = (struct utmp *)reallocf(utmp, utmpsize);
			if (utmp == NULL) {
				syslog(LOG_WARNING, "malloc failed");
				utmpsize = 0;
				goto done;
			}
		}
		(void) lseek(utmpf, (off_t)0, L_SET);
		cc = read(utmpf, (char *)utmp, stb.st_size);
		if (cc < 0) {
			syslog(LOG_ERR, "read(%s): %m", _PATH_UTMP);
			goto done;
		}
		wlast = &mywd.wd_we[1024 / sizeof(struct whoent) - 1];
		utmpent = cc / sizeof(struct utmp);
		for (i = 0; i < utmpent; i++)
			if (utmp[i].ut_name[0]) {
				memcpy(we->we_utmp.out_line, utmp[i].ut_line,
				   sizeof(utmp[i].ut_line));
				memcpy(we->we_utmp.out_name, utmp[i].ut_name,
				   sizeof(utmp[i].ut_name));
				we->we_utmp.out_time = htonl(utmp[i].ut_time);
				if (we >= wlast)
					break;
				we++;
			}
#endif
		utmpent = we - mywd.wd_we;
	}

	/*
	 * The test on utmpent looks silly---after all, if no one is
	 * logged on, why worry about efficiency?---but is useful on
	 * (e.g.) compute servers.
	 */
	if (utmpent && chdir(_PATH_DEV)) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "chdir(%s): %m", _PATH_DEV);
		exit(1);
	}
	we = mywd.wd_we;
	for (i = 0; i < utmpent; i++) {
		if (stat(we->we_utmp.out_line, &stb) >= 0)
			we->we_idle = htonl(now - stb.st_atime);
		we++;
	}
	(void)getloadavg(avenrun, sizeof(avenrun)/sizeof(avenrun[0]));
	for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
		mywd.wd_loadav[i] = htonl((u_long)(avenrun[i] * 100));
	cc = (char *)we - (char *)&mywd;
	mywd.wd_sendtime = htonl(_time_to_time32(time(NULL)));
	mywd.wd_vers = WHODVERSION;
	mywd.wd_type = WHODTYPE_STATUS;
	if (multicast_mode == SCOPED_MULTICAST) {
		(void) sendto(s, (char *)&mywd, cc, 0,
				(struct sockaddr *)&multicast_addr,
				sizeof(multicast_addr));
	}
	else for (np = neighbors; np != NULL; np = np->n_next) {
		if (multicast_mode == PER_INTERFACE_MULTICAST &&
		    np->n_flags & IFF_MULTICAST) {
			/*
			 * Select the outgoing interface for the multicast.
			 */
			if (setsockopt(s, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF,
			    &(((struct sockaddr_in *)np->n_addr)->sin_addr),
			    sizeof(struct in_addr)) < 0) {
				syslog(LOG_ERR,
					"setsockopt IP_MULTICAST_IF: %m");
				exit(1);
			}
			(void) sendto(s, (char *)&mywd, cc, 0,
				(struct sockaddr *)&multicast_addr,
				sizeof(multicast_addr));
		} else (void) sendto(s, (char *)&mywd, cc, 0,
					np->n_addr, np->n_addrlen);
	}
	if (utmpent && chdir(_PATH_RWHODIR)) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "chdir(%s): %m", _PATH_RWHODIR);
		exit(1);
	}
#ifndef __APPLE__
done:
#endif
	(void) alarm(AL_INTERVAL);
}

void
getboottime(signo)
	int signo __unused;
{
	int mib[2];
	size_t size;
	struct timeval tm;

	mib[0] = CTL_KERN;
	mib[1] = KERN_BOOTTIME;
	size = sizeof(tm);
	if (sysctl(mib, 2, &tm, &size, NULL, 0) == -1) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "cannot get boottime: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	mywd.wd_boottime = htonl(_time_to_time32(tm.tv_sec));
}

void
quit(msg)
	const char *msg;
{
	syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s", msg);
	exit(1);
}

#ifdef __APPLE__
/*
 * This macro returns the size of a struct sockaddr when passed
 * through a routing socket. Basically we round up sa_len to
 * a multiple of sizeof(long), with a minimum of sizeof(long).
 * The check for a NULL pointer is just a convenience, probably never used.
 * The case sa_len == 0 should only apply to empty structures.
 */
#define SA_SIZE(sa)												\
	(	(!(sa) || ((struct sockaddr *)(sa))->sa_len == 0) ?		\
		sizeof(long)		:									\
		1 + ( (((struct sockaddr *)(sa))->sa_len - 1) | (sizeof(long) - 1) ) )
#endif

void
rt_xaddrs(cp, cplim, rtinfo)
	register caddr_t cp, cplim;
	register struct rt_addrinfo *rtinfo;
{
	register struct sockaddr *sa;
	register int i;

	memset(rtinfo->rti_info, 0, sizeof(rtinfo->rti_info));
	for (i = 0; (i < RTAX_MAX) && (cp < cplim); i++) {
		if ((rtinfo->rti_addrs & (1 << i)) == 0)
			continue;
		rtinfo->rti_info[i] = sa = (struct sockaddr *)cp;
		cp += SA_SIZE(sa);
	}
}

/*
 * Figure out device configuration and select
 * networks which deserve status information.
 */
int
configure(so)
	int so;
{
	register struct neighbor *np;
	register struct if_msghdr *ifm;
	register struct ifa_msghdr *ifam;
	struct sockaddr_dl *sdl;
	size_t needed;
	int mib[6], flags = 0, len;
	char *buf, *lim, *next;
	struct rt_addrinfo info;

	if (multicast_mode != NO_MULTICAST) {
		multicast_addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_WHOD_GROUP);
		multicast_addr.sin_port = sp->s_port;
	}

	if (multicast_mode == SCOPED_MULTICAST) {
		struct ip_mreq mreq;
		unsigned char ttl;

		mreq.imr_multiaddr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_WHOD_GROUP);
		mreq.imr_interface.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
		if (setsockopt(so, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP,
					&mreq, sizeof(mreq)) < 0) {
			syslog(LOG_ERR,
				"setsockopt IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP: %m");
			return(0);
		}
		ttl = multicast_scope;
		if (setsockopt(so, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_TTL,
					&ttl, sizeof(ttl)) < 0) {
			syslog(LOG_ERR,
				"setsockopt IP_MULTICAST_TTL: %m");
			return(0);
		}
		return(1);
	}

	mib[0] = CTL_NET;
	mib[1] = PF_ROUTE;
	mib[2] = 0;
	mib[3] = AF_INET;
	mib[4] = NET_RT_IFLIST;
	mib[5] = 0;
	if (sysctl(mib, 6, NULL, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
		quit("route-sysctl-estimate");
	if ((buf = malloc(needed)) == NULL)
		quit("malloc");
	if (sysctl(mib, 6, buf, &needed, NULL, 0) < 0)
		quit("actual retrieval of interface table");
	lim = buf + needed;

	sdl = NULL;		/* XXX just to keep gcc -Wall happy */
	for (next = buf; next < lim; next += ifm->ifm_msglen) {
		ifm = (struct if_msghdr *)next;
		if (ifm->ifm_type == RTM_IFINFO) {
			sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *)(ifm + 1);
			flags = ifm->ifm_flags;
			continue;
		}
		if ((flags & IFF_UP) == 0 ||
		    (flags & (((multicast_mode == PER_INTERFACE_MULTICAST) ?
				IFF_MULTICAST : 0) |
				IFF_BROADCAST|iff_flag)) == 0)
			continue;
		if (ifm->ifm_type != RTM_NEWADDR)
			quit("out of sync parsing NET_RT_IFLIST");
		ifam = (struct ifa_msghdr *)ifm;
		info.rti_addrs = ifam->ifam_addrs;
		rt_xaddrs((char *)(ifam + 1), ifam->ifam_msglen + (char *)ifam,
			&info);
		/* gag, wish we could get rid of Internet dependencies */
#define dstaddr	info.rti_info[RTAX_BRD]
#define ifaddr info.rti_info[RTAX_IFA]
#define IPADDR_SA(x) ((struct sockaddr_in *)(x))->sin_addr.s_addr
#define PORT_SA(x) ((struct sockaddr_in *)(x))->sin_port
		if (dstaddr == 0 || dstaddr->sa_family != AF_INET)
			continue;
		PORT_SA(dstaddr) = sp->s_port;
		for (np = neighbors; np != NULL; np = np->n_next)
			if (memcmp(sdl->sdl_data, np->n_name,
				   sdl->sdl_nlen) == 0 &&
			    IPADDR_SA(np->n_addr) == IPADDR_SA(dstaddr))
				break;
		if (np != NULL)
			continue;
		len = sizeof(*np) + dstaddr->sa_len + sdl->sdl_nlen + 1;
		np = (struct neighbor *)malloc(len);
		if (np == NULL)
			quit("malloc of neighbor structure");
		memset(np, 0, len);
		np->n_flags = flags;
		np->n_addr = (struct sockaddr *)(np + 1);
		np->n_addrlen = dstaddr->sa_len;
		np->n_name = np->n_addrlen + (char *)np->n_addr;
		memcpy((char *)np->n_addr, (char *)dstaddr, np->n_addrlen);
		memcpy(np->n_name, sdl->sdl_data, sdl->sdl_nlen);
		if (multicast_mode == PER_INTERFACE_MULTICAST &&
		    (flags & IFF_MULTICAST) &&
		   !(flags & IFF_LOOPBACK)) {
			struct ip_mreq mreq;

			memcpy((char *)np->n_addr, (char *)ifaddr,
				np->n_addrlen);
			mreq.imr_multiaddr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_WHOD_GROUP);
			mreq.imr_interface.s_addr =
			  ((struct sockaddr_in *)np->n_addr)->sin_addr.s_addr;
			if (setsockopt(s, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP,
						&mreq, sizeof(mreq)) < 0) {
				syslog(LOG_ERR,
				    "setsockopt IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP: %m");
#if 0
				/* Fall back to broadcast on this if. */
				np->n_flags &= ~IFF_MULTICAST;
#else
				free((char *)np);
				continue;
#endif
			}
		}
		np->n_next = neighbors;
		neighbors = np;
	}
	free(buf);
	return (1);
}

#ifdef DEBUG
void
Sendto(s, buf, cc, flags, to, tolen)
	int s;
	const void *buf;
	size_t cc;
	int flags;
	const struct sockaddr *to;
	int tolen;
{
	register struct whod *w = (struct whod *)buf;
	register struct whoent *we;
	struct sockaddr_in *sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)to;

	printf("sendto %x.%d\n", ntohl(sin->sin_addr.s_addr),
				 ntohs(sin->sin_port));
	printf("hostname %s %s\n", w->wd_hostname,
	   interval(ntohl(w->wd_sendtime) - ntohl(w->wd_boottime), "  up"));
	printf("load %4.2f, %4.2f, %4.2f\n",
	    ntohl(w->wd_loadav[0]) / 100.0, ntohl(w->wd_loadav[1]) / 100.0,
	    ntohl(w->wd_loadav[2]) / 100.0);
	cc -= WHDRSIZE;
	for (we = w->wd_we, cc /= sizeof(struct whoent); cc > 0; cc--, we++) {
		time_t t = _time32_to_time(ntohl(we->we_utmp.out_time));
		printf("%-8.8s %s:%s %.12s",
			we->we_utmp.out_name,
			w->wd_hostname, we->we_utmp.out_line,
			ctime(&t)+4);
		we->we_idle = ntohl(we->we_idle) / 60;
		if (we->we_idle) {
			if (we->we_idle >= 100*60)
				we->we_idle = 100*60 - 1;
			if (we->we_idle >= 60)
				printf(" %2d", we->we_idle / 60);
			else
				printf("   ");
			printf(":%02d", we->we_idle % 60);
		}
		printf("\n");
	}
}

char *
interval(time, updown)
	int time;
	char *updown;
{
	static char resbuf[32];
	int days, hours, minutes;

	if (time < 0 || time > 3*30*24*60*60) {
		(void) sprintf(resbuf, "   %s ??:??", updown);
		return (resbuf);
	}
	minutes = (time + 59) / 60;		/* round to minutes */
	hours = minutes / 60; minutes %= 60;
	days = hours / 24; hours %= 24;
	if (days)
		(void) sprintf(resbuf, "%s %2d+%02d:%02d",
		    updown, days, hours, minutes);
	else
		(void) sprintf(resbuf, "%s    %2d:%02d",
		    updown, hours, minutes);
	return (resbuf);
}
#endif