lcp.c   [plain text]


/*
 * lcp.c - PPP Link Control Protocol.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1989 Carnegie Mellon University.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted
 * provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
 * duplicated in all such forms and that any documentation,
 * advertising materials, and other materials related to such
 * distribution and use acknowledge that the software was developed
 * by Carnegie Mellon University.  The name of the
 * University may not be used to endorse or promote products derived
 * from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 */

#define RCSID	"$Id: lcp.c,v 1.4 2002/05/23 01:09:19 callie Exp $"

/*
 * TODO:
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "pppd.h"
#include "fsm.h"
#include "lcp.h"
#include "chap.h"
#include "magic.h"

static const char rcsid[] = RCSID;

extern bool refuse_chap;

/*
 * LCP-related command-line options.
 */
int	lcp_echo_interval = 0; 	/* Interval between LCP echo-requests */
int	lcp_echo_fails = 0;	/* Tolerance to unanswered echo-requests */
bool	lax_recv = 0;		/* accept control chars in asyncmap */
bool	noendpoint = 0;		/* don't send/accept endpoint discriminator */

static int setescape __P((char **));

#ifdef HAVE_MULTILINK
static int setendpoint __P((char **));
#endif /* HAVE_MULTILINK */

static option_t lcp_option_list[] = {
    /* LCP options */
    { "noaccomp", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_accompression,
      "Disable address/control compression",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_accompression },
    { "-ac", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_accompression,
      "Disable address/control compression",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_accompression },
    { "default-asyncmap", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_asyncmap,
      "Disable asyncmap negotiation",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_asyncmap },
    { "-am", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_asyncmap,
      "Disable asyncmap negotiation",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_asyncmap },
    { "asyncmap", o_uint32, &lcp_wantoptions[0].asyncmap,
      "Set asyncmap (for received packets)",
      OPT_OR, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_asyncmap },
    { "-as", o_uint32, &lcp_wantoptions[0].asyncmap,
      "Set asyncmap (for received packets)",
      OPT_OR, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_asyncmap },
    { "nomagic", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_magicnumber,
      "Disable magic number negotiation (looped-back line detection)",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_magicnumber },
    { "-mn", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_magicnumber,
      "Disable magic number negotiation (looped-back line detection)",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_magicnumber },
    { "default-mru", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_mru,
      "Disable MRU negotiation (use default 1500)",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_mru },
    { "-mru", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_mru,
      "Disable MRU negotiation (use default 1500)",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_mru },
    { "mru", o_int, &lcp_wantoptions[0].mru,
      "Set MRU (maximum received packet size) for negotiation",
      0, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_mru },
    { "nopcomp", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_pcompression,
      "Disable protocol field compression",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_pcompression },
    { "-pc", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_pcompression,
      "Disable protocol field compression",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_pcompression },
    { "-p", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].passive,
      "Set passive mode", 1 },
    { "passive", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].passive,
      "Set passive mode", 1 },
    { "silent", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].silent,
      "Set silent mode", 1 },
    { "escape", o_special, (void *)setescape,
      "List of character codes to escape on transmission" },
    { "lcp-echo-failure", o_int, &lcp_echo_fails,
      "Set number of consecutive echo failures to indicate link failure" },
    { "lcp-echo-interval", o_int, &lcp_echo_interval,
      "Set time in seconds between LCP echo requests" },
    { "lcp-restart", o_int, &lcp_fsm[0].timeouttime,
      "Set time in seconds between LCP retransmissions" },
    { "lcp-max-terminate", o_int, &lcp_fsm[0].maxtermtransmits,
      "Set maximum number of LCP terminate-request transmissions" },
    { "lcp-max-configure", o_int, &lcp_fsm[0].maxconfreqtransmits,
      "Set maximum number of LCP configure-request transmissions" },
    { "lcp-max-failure", o_int, &lcp_fsm[0].maxnakloops,
      "Set limit on number of LCP configure-naks" },
    { "receive-all", o_bool, &lax_recv,
      "Accept all received control characters", 1 },
#ifdef HAVE_MULTILINK
    { "mrru", o_int, &lcp_wantoptions[0].mrru,
      "Maximum received packet size for multilink bundle",
      0, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_mrru },
    { "mpshortseq", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_ssnhf,
      "Use short sequence numbers in multilink headers",
      OPT_A2COPY | 1, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_ssnhf },
    { "nompshortseq", o_bool, &lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_ssnhf,
      "Don't use short sequence numbers in multilink headers",
      OPT_A2COPY, &lcp_allowoptions[0].neg_ssnhf },
    { "endpoint", o_special, setendpoint,
      "Endpoint discriminator for multilink" },
#endif /* HAVE_MULTILINK */
    { "noendpoint", o_bool, &noendpoint,
      "Don't send or accept multilink endpoint discriminator", 1 },
    {NULL}
};

/* global vars */
fsm lcp_fsm[NUM_PPP];			/* LCP fsm structure (global)*/
lcp_options lcp_wantoptions[NUM_PPP];	/* Options that we want to request */
lcp_options lcp_gotoptions[NUM_PPP];	/* Options that peer ack'd */
lcp_options lcp_allowoptions[NUM_PPP];	/* Options we allow peer to request */
lcp_options lcp_hisoptions[NUM_PPP];	/* Options that we ack'd */
u_int32_t xmit_accm[NUM_PPP][8];	/* extended transmit ACCM */

static int lcp_echos_pending = 0;	/* Number of outstanding echo msgs */
static int lcp_echo_number   = 0;	/* ID number of next echo frame */
static int lcp_echo_timer_running = 0;  /* set if a timer is running */

static u_char nak_buffer[PPP_MRU];	/* where we construct a nak packet */

#ifdef __APPLE__
struct notifier *lcp_up_notify = NULL;
struct notifier *lcp_down_notify = NULL;
struct notifier *lcp_lowerup_notify = NULL;
struct notifier *lcp_lowerdown_notify = NULL;
struct notifier *lcp_timeremaining_notify = NULL;
#endif

/*
 * Callbacks for fsm code.  (CI = Configuration Information)
 */
static void lcp_resetci __P((fsm *));	/* Reset our CI */
static int  lcp_cilen __P((fsm *));		/* Return length of our CI */
static void lcp_addci __P((fsm *, u_char *, int *)); /* Add our CI to pkt */
static int  lcp_ackci __P((fsm *, u_char *, int)); /* Peer ack'd our CI */
static int  lcp_nakci __P((fsm *, u_char *, int)); /* Peer nak'd our CI */
static int  lcp_rejci __P((fsm *, u_char *, int)); /* Peer rej'd our CI */
static int  lcp_reqci __P((fsm *, u_char *, int *, int)); /* Rcv peer CI */
static void lcp_up __P((fsm *));		/* We're UP */
static void lcp_down __P((fsm *));		/* We're DOWN */
static void lcp_starting __P((fsm *));	/* We need lower layer up */
static void lcp_finished __P((fsm *));	/* We need lower layer down */
static int  lcp_extcode __P((fsm *, int, int, u_char *, int));
static void lcp_rprotrej __P((fsm *, u_char *, int));

/*
 * routines to send LCP echos to peer
 */

static void lcp_echo_lowerup __P((int));
static void lcp_echo_lowerdown __P((int));
static void LcpEchoTimeout __P((void *));
static void lcp_received_echo_reply __P((fsm *, int, u_char *, int));
static void LcpSendEchoRequest __P((fsm *));
static void LcpLinkFailure __P((fsm *));
static void LcpEchoCheck __P((fsm *));
static void lcp_received_timeremaining __P((fsm *, int, u_char *, int));

static fsm_callbacks lcp_callbacks = {	/* LCP callback routines */
    lcp_resetci,		/* Reset our Configuration Information */
    lcp_cilen,			/* Length of our Configuration Information */
    lcp_addci,			/* Add our Configuration Information */
    lcp_ackci,			/* ACK our Configuration Information */
    lcp_nakci,			/* NAK our Configuration Information */
    lcp_rejci,			/* Reject our Configuration Information */
    lcp_reqci,			/* Request peer's Configuration Information */
    lcp_up,			/* Called when fsm reaches OPENED state */
    lcp_down,			/* Called when fsm leaves OPENED state */
    lcp_starting,		/* Called when we want the lower layer up */
    lcp_finished,		/* Called when we want the lower layer down */
    NULL,			/* Called when Protocol-Reject received */
    NULL,			/* Retransmission is necessary */
    lcp_extcode,		/* Called to handle LCP-specific codes */
    "LCP"			/* String name of protocol */
};

/*
 * Protocol entry points.
 * Some of these are called directly.
 */

static void lcp_init __P((int));
static void lcp_input __P((int, u_char *, int));
static void lcp_protrej __P((int));
static int  lcp_printpkt __P((u_char *, int,
			      void (*) __P((void *, char *, ...)), void *));

struct protent lcp_protent = {
    PPP_LCP,
    lcp_init,
    lcp_input,
    lcp_protrej,
    lcp_lowerup,
    lcp_lowerdown,
    lcp_open,
    lcp_close,
    lcp_printpkt,
    NULL,
    1,
    "LCP",
    NULL,
    lcp_option_list,
    NULL,
    NULL,
    NULL,
    lcp_echo_lowerdown,
    lcp_echo_lowerup
};

int lcp_loopbackfail = DEFLOOPBACKFAIL;

/*
 * Length of each type of configuration option (in octets)
 */
#define CILEN_VOID	2
#define CILEN_CHAR	3
#define CILEN_SHORT	4	/* CILEN_VOID + 2 */
#define CILEN_CHAP	5	/* CILEN_VOID + 2 + 1 */
#define CILEN_LONG	6	/* CILEN_VOID + 4 */
#define CILEN_LQR	8	/* CILEN_VOID + 2 + 4 */
#define CILEN_CBCP	3

#define CODENAME(x)	((x) == CONFACK ? "ACK" : \
			 (x) == CONFNAK ? "NAK" : "REJ")


/*
 * setescape - add chars to the set we escape on transmission.
 */
static int
setescape(argv)
    char **argv;
{
    int n, ret;
    char *p, *endp;

    p = *argv;
    ret = 1;
    while (*p) {
	n = strtol(p, &endp, 16);
	if (p == endp) {
	    option_error("escape parameter contains invalid hex number '%s'",
			 p);
	    return 0;
	}
	p = endp;
	if (n < 0 || n == 0x5E || n > 0xFF) {
	    option_error("can't escape character 0x%x", n);
	    ret = 0;
	} else
	    xmit_accm[0][n >> 5] |= 1 << (n & 0x1F);
	while (*p == ',' || *p == ' ')
	    ++p;
    }
    return ret;
}

#ifdef HAVE_MULTILINK
static int
setendpoint(argv)
    char **argv;
{
    if (str_to_epdisc(&lcp_wantoptions[0].endpoint, *argv)) {
	lcp_wantoptions[0].neg_endpoint = 1;
	return 1;
    }
    option_error("Can't parse '%s' as an endpoint discriminator", *argv);
    return 0;
}
#endif /* HAVE_MULTILINK */

/*
 * lcp_init - Initialize LCP.
 */
static void
lcp_init(unit)
    int unit;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[unit];
    lcp_options *ao = &lcp_allowoptions[unit];

    f->unit = unit;
    f->protocol = PPP_LCP;
    f->callbacks = &lcp_callbacks;

    fsm_init(f);

    BZERO(wo, sizeof(*wo));
    wo->neg_mru = 1;
    wo->mru = DEFMRU;
    wo->neg_asyncmap = 1;
    wo->use_digest = 1;
#ifdef CHAPMS
    if(wo->use_chapms_v2)
	wo->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2;
    else if(wo->use_chapms)
	wo->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT;
    else
#endif
    if(wo->use_digest)
	wo->chap_mdtype = CHAP_DIGEST_MD5;
    else
	refuse_chap = 1;
    wo->neg_magicnumber = 1;
    wo->neg_pcompression = 1;
    wo->neg_accompression = 1;
#ifdef CBCP_SUPPORT
    wo->neg_cbcp = 1;
#else
    wo->neg_cbcp = 0;
#endif

    BZERO(ao, sizeof(*ao));
    ao->neg_mru = 1;
    ao->mru = MAXMRU;
    ao->neg_asyncmap = 1;
    ao->neg_chap = 1;
    ao->use_digest = 1;
#ifdef EAP
    ao->neg_eap = 1;
#endif
#ifdef CHAPMS
    ao->use_chapms_v2 = ao->use_chapms = 1;
    if(ao->use_chapms_v2)
	ao->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2;
    else if(ao->use_chapms)
	ao->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT;
    else
#else
    if(ao->use_digest)
	ao->chap_mdtype = CHAP_DIGEST_MD5;
    else
	refuse_chap = 1;
#endif
    ao->neg_upap = 1;
    ao->neg_magicnumber = 1;
    ao->neg_pcompression = 1;
    ao->neg_accompression = 1;
#ifdef CBCP_SUPPORT
    ao->neg_cbcp = 1;
#endif
    ao->neg_endpoint = 1;

    BZERO(xmit_accm[unit], sizeof(xmit_accm[0]));
    xmit_accm[unit][3] = 0x60000000;
}


/*
 * lcp_open - LCP is allowed to come up.
 */
void
lcp_open(unit)
    int unit;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[unit];

    f->flags = 0;
    if (wo->passive)
	f->flags |= OPT_PASSIVE;
    if (wo->silent)
	f->flags |= OPT_SILENT;
    fsm_open(f);
}


/*
 * lcp_close - Take LCP down.
 */
void
lcp_close(unit, reason)
    int unit;
    char *reason;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];

    if (phase != PHASE_DEAD)
	new_phase(PHASE_TERMINATE);
    if (f->state == STOPPED && f->flags & (OPT_PASSIVE|OPT_SILENT)) {
	/*
	 * This action is not strictly according to the FSM in RFC1548,
	 * but it does mean that the program terminates if you do a
	 * lcp_close() in passive/silent mode when a connection hasn't
	 * been established.
	 */
	f->state = CLOSED;
	lcp_finished(f);

    } else
	fsm_close(&lcp_fsm[unit], reason);
}


/*
 * lcp_lowerup - The lower layer is up.
 */
void
lcp_lowerup(unit)
    int unit;
{
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[unit];

    /*
     * Don't use A/C or protocol compression on transmission,
     * but accept A/C and protocol compressed packets
     * if we are going to ask for A/C and protocol compression.
     */
    ppp_set_xaccm(unit, xmit_accm[unit]);
    ppp_send_config(unit, PPP_MRU, 0xffffffff, 0, 0);
    ppp_recv_config(unit, PPP_MRU, (lax_recv? 0: 0xffffffff),
		    wo->neg_pcompression, wo->neg_accompression);
    peer_mru[unit] = PPP_MRU;
    lcp_allowoptions[unit].asyncmap = xmit_accm[unit][0];

#ifdef __APPLE__
    notify(lcp_lowerup_notify, 0);
#endif

    fsm_lowerup(&lcp_fsm[unit]);
}


/*
 * lcp_lowerdown - The lower layer is down.
 */
void
lcp_lowerdown(unit)
    int unit;
{
#ifdef __APPLE__
    notify(lcp_lowerdown_notify, 0);
#endif

    fsm_lowerdown(&lcp_fsm[unit]);
}


/*
 * lcp_input - Input LCP packet.
 */
static void
lcp_input(unit, p, len)
    int unit;
    u_char *p;
    int len;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];

    fsm_input(f, p, len);
}


/*
 * lcp_extcode - Handle a LCP-specific code.
 */
static int
lcp_extcode(f, code, id, inp, len)
    fsm *f;
    int code, id;
    u_char *inp;
    int len;
{
    u_char *magp;

    switch( code ){
    case PROTREJ:
	lcp_rprotrej(f, inp, len);
	break;
    
    case ECHOREQ:
	if (f->state != OPENED)
	    break;
	magp = inp;
	PUTLONG(lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].magicnumber, magp);
	fsm_sdata(f, ECHOREP, id, inp, len);
	break;
    
    case ECHOREP:
	lcp_received_echo_reply(f, id, inp, len);
	break;

    case TIMEREMAINING:
	if (f->state != OPENED)
	    break;
        lcp_received_timeremaining (f, id, inp, len);
	break;

    case DISCREQ:
	break;

    default:
	return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}

    
/*
 * lcp_rprotrej - Receive an Protocol-Reject.
 *
 * Figure out which protocol is rejected and inform it.
 */
static void
lcp_rprotrej(f, inp, len)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *inp;
    int len;
{
    int i;
    struct protent *protp;
    u_short prot;

    if (len < 2) {
	LCPDEBUG(("lcp_rprotrej: Rcvd short Protocol-Reject packet!"));
	return;
    }

    GETSHORT(prot, inp);

    /*
     * Protocol-Reject packets received in any state other than the LCP
     * OPENED state SHOULD be silently discarded.
     */
    if( f->state != OPENED ){
	LCPDEBUG(("Protocol-Reject discarded: LCP in state %d", f->state));
	return;
    }

    /*
     * Upcall the proper Protocol-Reject routine.
     */
    for (i = 0; (protp = protocols[i]) != NULL; ++i)
	if (protp->protocol == prot && protp->enabled_flag) {
	    (*protp->protrej)(f->unit);
	    return;
	}

    warning("Protocol-Reject for unsupported protocol 0x%x", prot);
}


/*
 * lcp_protrej - A Protocol-Reject was received.
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
static void
lcp_protrej(unit)
    int unit;
{
    /*
     * Can't reject LCP!
     */
    error("Received Protocol-Reject for LCP!");
    fsm_protreject(&lcp_fsm[unit]);
}


/*
 * lcp_sprotrej - Send a Protocol-Reject for some protocol.
 */
void
lcp_sprotrej(unit, p, len)
    int unit;
    u_char *p;
    int len;
{
    /*
     * Send back the protocol and the information field of the
     * rejected packet.  We only get here if LCP is in the OPENED state.
     */
    p += 2;
    len -= 2;

    fsm_sdata(&lcp_fsm[unit], PROTREJ, ++lcp_fsm[unit].id,
	      p, len);
}


/*
 * lcp_resetci - Reset our CI.
 */
static void
lcp_resetci(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *ao = &lcp_allowoptions[f->unit];

    wo->magicnumber = magic();
    wo->numloops = 0;
    *go = *wo;
    if (!multilink) {
	go->neg_mrru = 0;
	go->neg_ssnhf = 0;
	go->neg_endpoint = 0;
    }
    if (noendpoint)
	ao->neg_endpoint = 0;
    peer_mru[f->unit] = PPP_MRU;
    auth_reset(f->unit);
}


/*
 * lcp_cilen - Return length of our CI.
 */
static int
lcp_cilen(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];

#define LENCIVOID(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_VOID : 0)
#define LENCICHAP(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_CHAP : 0)
#define LENCISHORT(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_SHORT : 0)
#define LENCILONG(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_LONG : 0)
#define LENCILQR(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_LQR: 0)
#define LENCICBCP(neg)	((neg) ? CILEN_CBCP: 0)
    /*
     * NB: we only ask for one of CHAP and UPAP, even if we will
     * accept either.
     */
#ifdef CHAPMS
    if(go->use_chapms_v2)
	go->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2;
    else if(go->use_chapms)
	go->chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT;
    else
#endif
    if(go->use_digest)
	go->chap_mdtype = CHAP_DIGEST_MD5;
    else
	go->neg_chap = 0;

    return (LENCISHORT(go->neg_mru && go->mru != DEFMRU) +
	    LENCILONG(go->neg_asyncmap && go->asyncmap != 0xFFFFFFFF) +
	    LENCICHAP(go->neg_chap) +
	    LENCISHORT(!go->neg_chap && go->neg_upap) +
#ifdef EAP
	    LENCISHORT(!go->neg_chap && !go->neg_upap && go->neg_eap) +
#endif
	    LENCILQR(go->neg_lqr) +
	    LENCICBCP(go->neg_cbcp) +
	    LENCILONG(go->neg_magicnumber) +
	    LENCIVOID(go->neg_pcompression) +
	    LENCIVOID(go->neg_accompression) +
	    LENCISHORT(go->neg_mrru) +
	    LENCIVOID(go->neg_ssnhf) +
	    (go->neg_endpoint? CILEN_CHAR + go->endpoint.length: 0));
}


/*
 * lcp_addci - Add our desired CIs to a packet.
 */
static void
lcp_addci(f, ucp, lenp)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *ucp;
    int *lenp;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    u_char *start_ucp = ucp;

#define ADDCIVOID(opt, neg) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_VOID, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCISHORT(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_SHORT, ucp); \
	PUTSHORT(val, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCICHAP(opt, neg, val, digest) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAP, ucp); \
	PUTSHORT(val, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(digest, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCILONG(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_LONG, ucp); \
	PUTLONG(val, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCILQR(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_LQR, ucp); \
	PUTSHORT(PPP_LQR, ucp); \
	PUTLONG(val, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCICHAR(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAR, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(val, ucp); \
    }
#define ADDCIENDP(opt, neg, class, val, len) \
    if (neg) { \
	int i; \
	PUTCHAR(opt, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAR + len, ucp); \
	PUTCHAR(class, ucp); \
	for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) \
	    PUTCHAR(val[i], ucp); \
    }

    ADDCISHORT(CI_MRU, go->neg_mru && go->mru != DEFMRU, go->mru);
    ADDCILONG(CI_ASYNCMAP, go->neg_asyncmap && go->asyncmap != 0xFFFFFFFF,
	      go->asyncmap);
    ADDCICHAP(CI_AUTHTYPE, go->neg_chap, PPP_CHAP, go->chap_mdtype);
    ADDCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, !go->neg_chap && go->neg_upap, PPP_PAP);
#ifdef EAP
    ADDCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, !go->neg_chap && !go->neg_upap && go->neg_eap, PPP_EAP);
#endif
    ADDCILQR(CI_QUALITY, go->neg_lqr, go->lqr_period);
    ADDCICHAR(CI_CALLBACK, go->neg_cbcp, CBCP_OPT);
    ADDCILONG(CI_MAGICNUMBER, go->neg_magicnumber, go->magicnumber);
    ADDCIVOID(CI_PCOMPRESSION, go->neg_pcompression);
    ADDCIVOID(CI_ACCOMPRESSION, go->neg_accompression);
    ADDCISHORT(CI_MRRU, go->neg_mrru, go->mrru);
    ADDCIVOID(CI_SSNHF, go->neg_ssnhf);
    ADDCIENDP(CI_EPDISC, go->neg_endpoint, go->endpoint.class,
	      go->endpoint.value, go->endpoint.length);

    if (ucp - start_ucp != *lenp) {
	/* this should never happen, because peer_mtu should be 1500 */
	error("Bug in lcp_addci: wrong length");
    }
}


/*
 * lcp_ackci - Ack our CIs.
 * This should not modify any state if the Ack is bad.
 *
 * Returns:
 *	0 - Ack was bad.
 *	1 - Ack was good.
 */
static int
lcp_ackci(f, p, len)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *p;
    int len;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    u_char cilen, citype, cichar;
    u_short cishort;
    u_int32_t cilong;

    /*
     * CIs must be in exactly the same order that we sent.
     * Check packet length and CI length at each step.
     * If we find any deviations, then this packet is bad.
     */
#define ACKCIVOID(opt, neg) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_VOID) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_VOID || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCISHORT(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_SHORT) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_SHORT || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	if (cishort != val) \
	    goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCICHAR(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_CHAR) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_CHAR || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	if (cichar != val) \
	    goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCICHAP(opt, neg, val, digest) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_CHAP) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_CHAP || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	if (cishort != val) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	if (cichar != digest) \
	  goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCILONG(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_LONG) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_LONG || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	if (cilong != val) \
	    goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCILQR(opt, neg, val) \
    if (neg) { \
	if ((len -= CILEN_LQR) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_LQR || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	if (cishort != PPP_LQR) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	if (cilong != val) \
	  goto bad; \
    }
#define ACKCIENDP(opt, neg, class, val, vlen) \
    if (neg) { \
	int i; \
	if ((len -= CILEN_CHAR + vlen) < 0) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(citype, p); \
	GETCHAR(cilen, p); \
	if (cilen != CILEN_CHAR + vlen || \
	    citype != opt) \
	    goto bad; \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	if (cichar != class) \
	    goto bad; \
	for (i = 0; i < vlen; ++i) { \
	    GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	    if (cichar != val[i]) \
		goto bad; \
	} \
    }

    ACKCISHORT(CI_MRU, go->neg_mru && go->mru != DEFMRU, go->mru);
    ACKCILONG(CI_ASYNCMAP, go->neg_asyncmap && go->asyncmap != 0xFFFFFFFF,
	      go->asyncmap);
    ACKCICHAP(CI_AUTHTYPE, go->neg_chap, PPP_CHAP, go->chap_mdtype);
    ACKCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, !go->neg_chap && go->neg_upap, PPP_PAP);
#ifdef EAP
    ACKCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, !go->neg_chap && !go->neg_upap && go->neg_eap, PPP_EAP);
#endif
    ACKCILQR(CI_QUALITY, go->neg_lqr, go->lqr_period);
    ACKCICHAR(CI_CALLBACK, go->neg_cbcp, CBCP_OPT);
    ACKCILONG(CI_MAGICNUMBER, go->neg_magicnumber, go->magicnumber);
    ACKCIVOID(CI_PCOMPRESSION, go->neg_pcompression);
    ACKCIVOID(CI_ACCOMPRESSION, go->neg_accompression);
    ACKCISHORT(CI_MRRU, go->neg_mrru, go->mrru);
    ACKCIVOID(CI_SSNHF, go->neg_ssnhf);
    ACKCIENDP(CI_EPDISC, go->neg_endpoint, go->endpoint.class,
	      go->endpoint.value, go->endpoint.length);

    /*
     * If there are any remaining CIs, then this packet is bad.
     */
    if (len != 0)
	goto bad;
    return (1);
bad:
    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_acki: received bad Ack!"));
    return (0);
}


/*
 * lcp_nakci - Peer has sent a NAK for some of our CIs.
 * This should not modify any state if the Nak is bad
 * or if LCP is in the OPENED state.
 *
 * Returns:
 *	0 - Nak was bad.
 *	1 - Nak was good.
 */
static int
lcp_nakci(f, p, len)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *p;
    int len;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[f->unit];
    u_char citype, cichar, *next;
    u_short cishort;
    u_int32_t cilong;
    lcp_options no;		/* options we've seen Naks for */
    lcp_options try;		/* options to request next time */
    int looped_back = 0;
    int cilen;

    BZERO(&no, sizeof(no));
    try = *go;

    /*
     * Any Nak'd CIs must be in exactly the same order that we sent.
     * Check packet length and CI length at each step.
     * If we find any deviations, then this packet is bad.
     */
#define NAKCIVOID(opt, neg) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_VOID && \
	p[1] == CILEN_VOID && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_VOID; \
	INCPTR(CILEN_VOID, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define NAKCICHAP(opt, neg, code) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CHAP && \
	p[1] == CILEN_CHAP && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_CHAP; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	code \
    }
#define NAKCICHAR(opt, neg, code) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CHAR && \
	p[1] == CILEN_CHAR && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_CHAR; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	code \
    }
#define NAKCISHORT(opt, neg, code) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_SHORT && \
	p[1] == CILEN_SHORT && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_SHORT; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	code \
    }
#define NAKCILONG(opt, neg, code) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_LONG && \
	p[1] == CILEN_LONG && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_LONG; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	code \
    }
#define NAKCILQR(opt, neg, code) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_LQR && \
	p[1] == CILEN_LQR && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_LQR; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	code \
    }
#define NAKCIENDP(opt, neg) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CHAR && \
	p[0] == opt && \
	p[1] >= CILEN_CHAR && \
	p[1] <= len) { \
	len -= p[1]; \
	INCPTR(p[1], p); \
	no.neg = 1; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }

    /*
     * We don't care if they want to send us smaller packets than
     * we want.  Therefore, accept any MRU less than what we asked for,
     * but then ignore the new value when setting the MRU in the kernel.
     * If they send us a bigger MRU than what we asked, accept it, up to
     * the limit of the default MRU we'd get if we didn't negotiate.
     */
    if (go->neg_mru && go->mru != DEFMRU) {
	NAKCISHORT(CI_MRU, neg_mru,
		   if (cishort <= wo->mru || cishort <= DEFMRU)
		       try.mru = cishort;
		   );
    }

    /*
     * Add any characters they want to our (receive-side) asyncmap.
     */
    if (go->neg_asyncmap && go->asyncmap != 0xFFFFFFFF) {
	NAKCILONG(CI_ASYNCMAP, neg_asyncmap,
		  try.asyncmap = go->asyncmap | cilong;
		  );
    }

    /*
     * If they've nak'd our authentication-protocol, check whether
     * they are proposing a different protocol, or a different
     * hash algorithm for CHAP.
     */
    if ((go->neg_chap 
#ifdef EAP
        || go->neg_eap
#endif
        || go->neg_upap)
	&& len >= CILEN_SHORT
	&& p[0] == CI_AUTHTYPE && p[1] >= CILEN_SHORT && p[1] <= len) {
	cilen = p[1];
	len -= cilen;
	no.neg_chap = go->neg_chap;
	no.neg_upap = go->neg_upap;
#ifdef EAP
	no.neg_eap = go->neg_eap;
#endif
	INCPTR(2, p);
        GETSHORT(cishort, p);
	if (cishort == PPP_PAP && cilen == CILEN_SHORT) {
	    /*
	     * If we were asking for CHAP, they obviously don't want to do it.
	     * If we weren't asking for CHAP, then we were asking for PAP,
	     * in which case this Nak is bad.
	     */
	    if (!go->neg_chap
#ifdef EAP
                && !go->neg_eap
#endif
                )
                goto bad;
	    try.neg_chap = 0;
#ifdef EAP
	    try.neg_eap = 0;
#endif

#ifdef EAP
	} else if (cishort == PPP_EAP && cilen == CILEN_SHORT) {
	    if (!go->neg_chap && !go->neg_eap)
                goto bad;
	    try.neg_chap = 0;
	    try.neg_upap = 0;
#endif
	} else if (cishort == PPP_CHAP && cilen == CILEN_CHAP) {
	    GETCHAR(cichar, p);
	    if (go->neg_chap) {

		if (go->chap_mdtype == CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2)
		{
		    try.use_chapms_v2 = 0;
		    if(try.use_chapms)
			try.chap_mdtype = CHAP_MICROSOFT;
		    else if(try.use_digest)
			try.chap_mdtype = CHAP_DIGEST_MD5;
		    else
			try.neg_chap = 0;
		}
		else if(go->chap_mdtype == CHAP_MICROSOFT)
		{
		    try.use_chapms = 0;
		    if(try.use_digest)
			try.chap_mdtype = CHAP_DIGEST_MD5;
		    else
			try.neg_chap = 0;
		}
		else if(go->chap_mdtype == CHAP_DIGEST_MD5)
		{
		    try.use_digest = 0;
		    try.neg_chap = 0;
		}
		else
		    try.neg_chap = 0;
		if ((cichar != CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2) &&
		    (cichar != CHAP_MICROSOFT) &&
		    (cichar != CHAP_DIGEST_MD5))
		    try.neg_chap = 0;

	    } else {
		/*
		 * Stop asking for PAP if we were asking for it.
		 */
		try.neg_upap = 0;
#ifdef EAP
                try.neg_eap = 0;
#endif
	    }

	} else {
	    /*
	     * We don't recognize what they're suggesting.
	     * Stop asking for what we were asking for.
	     */
	    if (go->neg_chap)
		try.neg_chap = 0;
#ifdef EAP
	    if (go->neg_eap)
                try.neg_eap = 0;
#endif
	    else
		try.neg_upap = 0;
	    p += cilen - CILEN_SHORT;
	}
    }

    /*
     * If they can't cope with our link quality protocol, we'll have
     * to stop asking for LQR.  We haven't got any other protocol.
     * If they Nak the reporting period, take their value XXX ?
     */
    NAKCILQR(CI_QUALITY, neg_lqr,
	     if (cishort != PPP_LQR)
		 try.neg_lqr = 0;
	     else
		 try.lqr_period = cilong;
	     );

    /*
     * Only implementing CBCP...not the rest of the callback options
     */
    NAKCICHAR(CI_CALLBACK, neg_cbcp,
              try.neg_cbcp = 0;
              );

    /*
     * Check for a looped-back line.
     */
    NAKCILONG(CI_MAGICNUMBER, neg_magicnumber,
	      try.magicnumber = magic();
	      looped_back = 1;
	      );

    /*
     * Peer shouldn't send Nak for protocol compression or
     * address/control compression requests; they should send
     * a Reject instead.  If they send a Nak, treat it as a Reject.
     */
    NAKCIVOID(CI_PCOMPRESSION, neg_pcompression);
    NAKCIVOID(CI_ACCOMPRESSION, neg_accompression);

    /*
     * Nak for MRRU option - accept their value if it is smaller
     * than the one we want.
     */
    if (go->neg_mrru) {
	NAKCISHORT(CI_MRRU, neg_mrru,
		   if (cishort <= wo->mrru)
		       try.mrru = cishort;
		   );
    }

    /*
     * Nak for short sequence numbers shouldn't be sent, treat it
     * like a reject.
     */
    NAKCIVOID(CI_SSNHF, neg_ssnhf);

    /*
     * Nak of the endpoint discriminator option is not permitted,
     * treat it like a reject.
     */
    NAKCIENDP(CI_EPDISC, neg_endpoint);

    /*
     * There may be remaining CIs, if the peer is requesting negotiation
     * on an option that we didn't include in our request packet.
     * If we see an option that we requested, or one we've already seen
     * in this packet, then this packet is bad.
     * If we wanted to respond by starting to negotiate on the requested
     * option(s), we could, but we don't, because except for the
     * authentication type and quality protocol, if we are not negotiating
     * an option, it is because we were told not to.
     * For the authentication type, the Nak from the peer means
     * `let me authenticate myself with you' which is a bit pointless.
     * For the quality protocol, the Nak means `ask me to send you quality
     * reports', but if we didn't ask for them, we don't want them.
     * An option we don't recognize represents the peer asking to
     * negotiate some option we don't support, so ignore it.
     */
    while (len > CILEN_VOID) {
	GETCHAR(citype, p);
	GETCHAR(cilen, p);
	if (cilen < CILEN_VOID || (len -= cilen) < 0)
	    goto bad;
	next = p + cilen - 2;

	switch (citype) {
	case CI_MRU:
	    if ((go->neg_mru && go->mru != DEFMRU)
		|| no.neg_mru || cilen != CILEN_SHORT)
		goto bad;
	    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
	    if (cishort < DEFMRU) {
		try.neg_mru = 1;
		try.mru = cishort;
	    }
	    break;
	case CI_ASYNCMAP:
	    if ((go->neg_asyncmap && go->asyncmap != 0xFFFFFFFF)
		|| no.neg_asyncmap || cilen != CILEN_LONG)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_AUTHTYPE:
	    if (go->neg_chap || no.neg_chap || go->neg_upap || no.neg_upap
#ifdef EAP
                || go->neg_eap || no.neg_eap
#endif            
                )
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_MAGICNUMBER:
	    if (go->neg_magicnumber || no.neg_magicnumber ||
		cilen != CILEN_LONG)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_PCOMPRESSION:
	    if (go->neg_pcompression || no.neg_pcompression
		|| cilen != CILEN_VOID)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_ACCOMPRESSION:
	    if (go->neg_accompression || no.neg_accompression
		|| cilen != CILEN_VOID)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_QUALITY:
	    if (go->neg_lqr || no.neg_lqr || cilen != CILEN_LQR)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_MRRU:
	    if (go->neg_mrru || no.neg_mrru || cilen != CILEN_SHORT)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	case CI_SSNHF:
	    if (go->neg_ssnhf || no.neg_ssnhf || cilen != CILEN_VOID)
		goto bad;
	    try.neg_ssnhf = 1;
	    break;
	case CI_EPDISC:
	    if (go->neg_endpoint || no.neg_endpoint || cilen < CILEN_CHAR)
		goto bad;
	    break;
	}
	p = next;
    }

    /*
     * OK, the Nak is good.  Now we can update state.
     * If there are any options left we ignore them.
     */
    if (f->state != OPENED) {
	if (looped_back) {
	    if (++try.numloops >= lcp_loopbackfail) {
		notice("Serial line is looped back.");
		lcp_close(f->unit, "Loopback detected");
		status = EXIT_LOOPBACK;
	    }
	} else
	    try.numloops = 0;
	*go = try;
    }

    return 1;

bad:
    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_nakci: received bad Nak!"));
    return 0;
}


/*
 * lcp_rejci - Peer has Rejected some of our CIs.
 * This should not modify any state if the Reject is bad
 * or if LCP is in the OPENED state.
 *
 * Returns:
 *	0 - Reject was bad.
 *	1 - Reject was good.
 */
static int
lcp_rejci(f, p, len)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *p;
    int len;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    u_char cichar;
    u_short cishort;
    u_int32_t cilong;
    lcp_options try;		/* options to request next time */

    try = *go;

    /*
     * Any Rejected CIs must be in exactly the same order that we sent.
     * Check packet length and CI length at each step.
     * If we find any deviations, then this packet is bad.
     */
#define REJCIVOID(opt, neg) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_VOID && \
	p[1] == CILEN_VOID && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_VOID; \
	INCPTR(CILEN_VOID, p); \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define REJCISHORT(opt, neg, val) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_SHORT && \
	p[1] == CILEN_SHORT && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_SHORT; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	/* Check rejected value. */ \
	if (cishort != val) \
	    goto bad; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define REJCICHAP(opt, neg, val, digest) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CHAP && \
	p[1] == CILEN_CHAP && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_CHAP; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	/* Check rejected value. */ \
	if (cishort != val || cichar != digest) \
	    goto bad; \
	switch(digest) \
	{ \
	    case CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2: \
		try.use_chapms_v2 = 0; \
		break; \
	    case CHAP_MICROSOFT: \
		try.use_chapms = 0; \
		break; \
	    case CHAP_DIGEST_MD5: \
		try.use_digest = 0; \
	} \
	if(!try.use_chapms_v2 && !try.use_chapms && !try.use_digest) \
	{ \
	    try.neg = 0; \
	    try.neg_upap = 0; \
	} \
    }
#define REJCILONG(opt, neg, val) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_LONG && \
	p[1] == CILEN_LONG && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_LONG; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	/* Check rejected value. */ \
	if (cilong != val) \
	    goto bad; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define REJCILQR(opt, neg, val) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_LQR && \
	p[1] == CILEN_LQR && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_LQR; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETSHORT(cishort, p); \
	GETLONG(cilong, p); \
	/* Check rejected value. */ \
	if (cishort != PPP_LQR || cilong != val) \
	    goto bad; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define REJCICBCP(opt, neg, val) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CBCP && \
	p[1] == CILEN_CBCP && \
	p[0] == opt) { \
	len -= CILEN_CBCP; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	/* Check rejected value. */ \
	if (cichar != val) \
	    goto bad; \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }
#define REJCIENDP(opt, neg, class, val, vlen) \
    if (go->neg && \
	len >= CILEN_CHAR + vlen && \
	p[0] == opt && \
	p[1] == CILEN_CHAR + vlen) { \
	int i; \
	len -= CILEN_CHAR + vlen; \
	INCPTR(2, p); \
	GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	if (cichar != class) \
	    goto bad; \
	for (i = 0; i < vlen; ++i) { \
	    GETCHAR(cichar, p); \
	    if (cichar != val[i]) \
		goto bad; \
	} \
	try.neg = 0; \
    }

    REJCISHORT(CI_MRU, neg_mru, go->mru);
    REJCILONG(CI_ASYNCMAP, neg_asyncmap, go->asyncmap);
#ifdef EAP
    REJCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, neg_eap, PPP_EAP);
#endif
    REJCICHAP(CI_AUTHTYPE, neg_chap, PPP_CHAP, go->chap_mdtype);
    if (!go->neg_chap) {
	REJCISHORT(CI_AUTHTYPE, neg_upap, PPP_PAP);
    }
    REJCILQR(CI_QUALITY, neg_lqr, go->lqr_period);
    REJCICBCP(CI_CALLBACK, neg_cbcp, CBCP_OPT);
    REJCILONG(CI_MAGICNUMBER, neg_magicnumber, go->magicnumber);
    REJCIVOID(CI_PCOMPRESSION, neg_pcompression);
    REJCIVOID(CI_ACCOMPRESSION, neg_accompression);
    REJCISHORT(CI_MRRU, neg_mrru, go->mrru);
    REJCIVOID(CI_SSNHF, neg_ssnhf);
    REJCIENDP(CI_EPDISC, neg_endpoint, go->endpoint.class,
	      go->endpoint.value, go->endpoint.length);

    /*
     * If there are any remaining CIs, then this packet is bad.
     */
    if (len != 0)
	goto bad;
    /*
     * Now we can update state.
     */
    if (f->state != OPENED)
	*go = try;
    return 1;

bad:
    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_rejci: received bad Reject!"));
    return 0;
}


/*
 * lcp_reqci - Check the peer's requested CIs and send appropriate response.
 *
 * Returns: CONFACK, CONFNAK or CONFREJ and input packet modified
 * appropriately.  If reject_if_disagree is non-zero, doesn't return
 * CONFNAK; returns CONFREJ if it can't return CONFACK.
 */
static int
lcp_reqci(f, inp, lenp, reject_if_disagree)
    fsm *f;
    u_char *inp;		/* Requested CIs */
    int *lenp;			/* Length of requested CIs */
    int reject_if_disagree;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *ho = &lcp_hisoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *ao = &lcp_allowoptions[f->unit];
    u_char *cip, *next;		/* Pointer to current and next CIs */
    int cilen, citype, cichar;	/* Parsed len, type, char value */
    u_short cishort;		/* Parsed short value */
    u_int32_t cilong;		/* Parse long value */
    int rc = CONFACK;		/* Final packet return code */
    int orc;			/* Individual option return code */
    u_char *p;			/* Pointer to next char to parse */
    u_char *rejp;		/* Pointer to next char in reject frame */
    u_char *nakp;		/* Pointer to next char in Nak frame */
    int l = *lenp;		/* Length left */

    /*
     * Reset all his options.
     */
    BZERO(ho, sizeof(*ho));

    /*
     * Process all his options.
     */
    next = inp;
    nakp = nak_buffer;
    rejp = inp;
    while (l) {
	orc = CONFACK;			/* Assume success */
	cip = p = next;			/* Remember begining of CI */
	if (l < 2 ||			/* Not enough data for CI header or */
	    p[1] < 2 ||			/*  CI length too small or */
	    p[1] > l) {			/*  CI length too big? */
	    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: bad CI length!"));
	    orc = CONFREJ;		/* Reject bad CI */
	    cilen = l;			/* Reject till end of packet */
	    l = 0;			/* Don't loop again */
	    citype = 0;
	    goto endswitch;
	}
	GETCHAR(citype, p);		/* Parse CI type */
	GETCHAR(cilen, p);		/* Parse CI length */
	l -= cilen;			/* Adjust remaining length */
	next += cilen;			/* Step to next CI */

	switch (citype) {		/* Check CI type */
	case CI_MRU:
	    if (!ao->neg_mru ||		/* Allow option? */
		cilen != CILEN_SHORT) {	/* Check CI length */
		orc = CONFREJ;		/* Reject CI */
		break;
	    }
	    GETSHORT(cishort, p);	/* Parse MRU */

	    /*
	     * He must be able to receive at least our minimum.
	     * No need to check a maximum.  If he sends a large number,
	     * we'll just ignore it.
	     */
	    if (cishort < MINMRU) {
		orc = CONFNAK;		/* Nak CI */
		PUTCHAR(CI_MRU, nakp);
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_SHORT, nakp);
		PUTSHORT(MINMRU, nakp);	/* Give him a hint */
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_mru = 1;		/* Remember he sent MRU */
	    ho->mru = cishort;		/* And remember value */
	    break;

	case CI_ASYNCMAP:
	    if (!ao->neg_asyncmap ||
		cilen != CILEN_LONG) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    GETLONG(cilong, p);

	    /*
	     * Asyncmap must have set at least the bits
	     * which are set in lcp_allowoptions[unit].asyncmap.
	     */
	    if ((ao->asyncmap & ~cilong) != 0) {
		orc = CONFNAK;
		PUTCHAR(CI_ASYNCMAP, nakp);
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_LONG, nakp);
		PUTLONG(ao->asyncmap | cilong, nakp);
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_asyncmap = 1;
	    ho->asyncmap = cilong;
	    break;

	case CI_AUTHTYPE:
	    if (cilen < CILEN_SHORT ||
#ifdef EAP
                !(ao->neg_eap) &&
#endif            
		!(ao->neg_upap || ao->neg_chap)) {
		/*
		 * Reject the option if we're not willing to authenticate.
		 */
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    GETSHORT(cishort, p);

	    /*
	     * Authtype must be PAP or CHAP.
	     *
	     * Note: if both ao->neg_upap and ao->neg_chap are set,
	     * and the peer sends a Configure-Request with two
	     * authenticate-protocol requests, one for CHAP and one
	     * for UPAP, then we will reject the second request.
	     * Whether we end up doing CHAP or UPAP depends then on
	     * the ordering of the CIs in the peer's Configure-Request.
	     */

	    if (cishort == PPP_PAP) {
		if (ho->neg_chap ||	/* we've already accepted CHAP */
#ifdef EAP
		    ho->neg_eap ||	/* we've already accepted EAP */
#endif
		    cilen != CILEN_SHORT) {
		    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: rcvd AUTHTYPE PAP, rejecting..."));
		    orc = CONFREJ;
		    break;
		}
		if (!ao->neg_upap) {	/* we don't want to do PAP */
		    orc = CONFNAK;	/* NAK it and suggest CHAP */
		    PUTCHAR(CI_AUTHTYPE, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTSHORT(PPP_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(ao->chap_mdtype, nakp);
		    /* XXX if we can do CHAP_MICROSOFT as well, we should
		       probably put in another option saying so */
		    break;
		}
		ho->neg_upap = 1;
		break;
	    }
	    if (cishort == PPP_CHAP) {
		if (ho->neg_upap ||	/* we've already accepted PAP */
#ifdef EAP
		    ho->neg_eap ||	/* we've already accepted EAP */
#endif
		    cilen != CILEN_CHAP) {
		    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: rcvd AUTHTYPE CHAP, rejecting..."));
		    orc = CONFREJ;
		    break;
		}
		if (!ao->neg_chap) {	/* we don't want to do CHAP */
		    orc = CONFNAK;	/* NAK it and suggest PAP */
		    PUTCHAR(CI_AUTHTYPE, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(CILEN_SHORT, nakp);
		    PUTSHORT(PPP_PAP, nakp);
		    break;
		}
		GETCHAR(cichar, p);	/* get digest type*/
		if (cichar != CHAP_DIGEST_MD5
#ifdef CHAPMS
		    && cichar != CHAP_MICROSOFT
		    && cichar != CHAP_MICROSOFT_V2
#endif
		    ) {
		    orc = CONFNAK;
//		    orc = CONFREJ; /* !!! CONFNAK !!! */
		    PUTCHAR(CI_AUTHTYPE, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTSHORT(PPP_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(ao->chap_mdtype, nakp);
		    break;
		}
		ho->chap_mdtype = cichar; /* save md type */
		ho->neg_chap = 1;
		break;
	    }
#ifdef EAP
	    if (cishort == PPP_EAP) {
		if (ho->neg_chap ||	/* we've already accepted CHAP */
		    ho->neg_upap ||	/* we've already accepted PAP */
                    cilen != CILEN_SHORT) {
		    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: rcvd AUTHTYPE EAP, rejecting..."));
		    orc = CONFREJ;
		    break;
		}
		if (!ao->neg_eap) {	/* we don't want to do EAP */
		    orc = CONFNAK;	/* NAK it and suggest CHAP */
		    PUTCHAR(CI_AUTHTYPE, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTSHORT(PPP_CHAP, nakp);
		    PUTCHAR(ao->chap_mdtype, nakp);
		    /* XXX if we can do CHAP_MICROSOFT as well, we should
		       probably put in another option saying so */
		    break;
		}
		ho->neg_eap = 1;
		break;
	    }
#endif            

	    /*
	     * We don't recognize the protocol they're asking for.
	     * Nak it with something we're willing to do.
	     * (At this point we know ao->neg_upap || ao->neg_chap.)
	     */
	    orc = CONFNAK;
	    PUTCHAR(CI_AUTHTYPE, nakp);
	    if (ao->neg_chap) {
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_CHAP, nakp);
		PUTSHORT(PPP_CHAP, nakp);
		PUTCHAR(ao->chap_mdtype, nakp);
#ifdef EAP
	    } else if (ao->neg_eap) {
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_SHORT, nakp);
		PUTSHORT(PPP_EAP, nakp);
#endif
	    } else {
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_SHORT, nakp);
		PUTSHORT(PPP_PAP, nakp);
	    }
	    break;

	case CI_QUALITY:
	    if (!ao->neg_lqr ||
		cilen != CILEN_LQR) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }

	    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
	    GETLONG(cilong, p);

	    /*
	     * Check the protocol and the reporting period.
	     * XXX When should we Nak this, and what with?
	     */
	    if (cishort != PPP_LQR) {
		orc = CONFNAK;
		PUTCHAR(CI_QUALITY, nakp);
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_LQR, nakp);
		PUTSHORT(PPP_LQR, nakp);
		PUTLONG(ao->lqr_period, nakp);
		break;
	    }
	    break;

	case CI_MAGICNUMBER:
	    if (!(ao->neg_magicnumber || go->neg_magicnumber) ||
		cilen != CILEN_LONG) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    GETLONG(cilong, p);

	    /*
	     * He must have a different magic number.
	     */
	    if (go->neg_magicnumber &&
		cilong == go->magicnumber) {
		cilong = magic();	/* Don't put magic() inside macro! */
		orc = CONFNAK;
		PUTCHAR(CI_MAGICNUMBER, nakp);
		PUTCHAR(CILEN_LONG, nakp);
		PUTLONG(cilong, nakp);
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_magicnumber = 1;
	    ho->magicnumber = cilong;
	    break;

#ifdef CBCP_SUPPORT
	case CI_CALLBACK:
	    LCPDEBUG((LOG_INFO, "lcp_reqci: rcvd CBCP"));
	    if (!ao->neg_cbcp ||
		cilen != CILEN_CHAR) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    GETCHAR(cichar, p);
	    if(cichar != CBCP_OPT)
	    {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_cbcp = 1;
	    break;
#endif

	case CI_PCOMPRESSION:
	    if (!ao->neg_pcompression ||
		cilen != CILEN_VOID) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_pcompression = 1;
	    break;

	case CI_ACCOMPRESSION:
	    if (!ao->neg_accompression ||
		cilen != CILEN_VOID) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_accompression = 1;
	    break;

	case CI_MRRU:
	    if (!ao->neg_mrru || !multilink ||
		cilen != CILEN_SHORT) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }

	    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
	    /* possibly should insist on a minimum/maximum MRRU here */
	    ho->neg_mrru = 1;
	    ho->mrru = cishort;
	    break;

	case CI_SSNHF:
	    if (!ao->neg_ssnhf || !multilink ||
		cilen != CILEN_VOID) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    ho->neg_ssnhf = 1;
	    break;

	case CI_EPDISC:
	    if (!ao->neg_endpoint ||
		cilen < CILEN_CHAR ||
		cilen > CILEN_CHAR + MAX_ENDP_LEN) {
		orc = CONFREJ;
		break;
	    }
	    GETCHAR(cichar, p);
	    cilen -= CILEN_CHAR;
	    ho->neg_endpoint = 1;
	    ho->endpoint.class = cichar;
	    ho->endpoint.length = cilen;
	    BCOPY(p, ho->endpoint.value, cilen);
	    INCPTR(cilen, p);
	    break;

	default:
	    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: rcvd unknown option %d", citype));
	    orc = CONFREJ;
	    break;
	}

endswitch:
	if (orc == CONFACK &&		/* Good CI */
	    rc != CONFACK)		/*  but prior CI wasnt? */
	    continue;			/* Don't send this one */

	if (orc == CONFNAK) {		/* Nak this CI? */
	    if (reject_if_disagree	/* Getting fed up with sending NAKs? */
		&& citype != CI_MAGICNUMBER) {
		orc = CONFREJ;		/* Get tough if so */
	    } else {
		if (rc == CONFREJ)	/* Rejecting prior CI? */
		    continue;		/* Don't send this one */
		rc = CONFNAK;
	    }
	}
	if (orc == CONFREJ) {		/* Reject this CI */
	    rc = CONFREJ;
	    if (cip != rejp)		/* Need to move rejected CI? */
		BCOPY(cip, rejp, cilen); /* Move it */
	    INCPTR(cilen, rejp);	/* Update output pointer */
	}
    }

    /*
     * If we wanted to send additional NAKs (for unsent CIs), the
     * code would go here.  The extra NAKs would go at *nakp.
     * At present there are no cases where we want to ask the
     * peer to negotiate an option.
     */

    switch (rc) {
    case CONFACK:
	*lenp = next - inp;
	break;
    case CONFNAK:
	/*
	 * Copy the Nak'd options from the nak_buffer to the caller's buffer.
	 */
	*lenp = nakp - nak_buffer;
	BCOPY(nak_buffer, inp, *lenp);
	break;
    case CONFREJ:
	*lenp = rejp - inp;
	break;
    }

    LCPDEBUG(("lcp_reqci: returning CONF%s.", CODENAME(rc)));
    return (rc);			/* Return final code */
}


/*
 * lcp_up - LCP has come UP.
 */
static void
lcp_up(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    lcp_options *wo = &lcp_wantoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *ho = &lcp_hisoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];
    lcp_options *ao = &lcp_allowoptions[f->unit];

    if (!go->neg_magicnumber)
	go->magicnumber = 0;
    if (!ho->neg_magicnumber)
	ho->magicnumber = 0;

    /*
     * Set our MTU to the smaller of the MTU we wanted and
     * the MRU our peer wanted.  If we negotiated an MRU,
     * set our MRU to the larger of value we wanted and
     * the value we got in the negotiation.
     */
    ppp_send_config(f->unit, MIN(ao->mru, (ho->neg_mru? ho->mru: PPP_MRU)),
		    (ho->neg_asyncmap? ho->asyncmap: 0xffffffff),
		    ho->neg_pcompression, ho->neg_accompression);
    ppp_recv_config(f->unit, (go->neg_mru? MAX(wo->mru, go->mru): PPP_MRU),
		    (lax_recv? 0: go->neg_asyncmap? go->asyncmap: 0xffffffff),
		    go->neg_pcompression, go->neg_accompression);

    if (ho->neg_mru)
	peer_mru[f->unit] = ho->mru;

#ifdef __APPLE__
    notify(lcp_up_notify, 0);
#endif

    lcp_echo_lowerup(f->unit);  /* Enable echo messages */

    link_established(f->unit);
}


/*
 * lcp_down - LCP has gone DOWN.
 *
 * Alert other protocols.
 */
static void
lcp_down(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    lcp_options *go = &lcp_gotoptions[f->unit];

    lcp_echo_lowerdown(f->unit);

    link_down(f->unit);

#ifdef __APPLE__
    notify(lcp_down_notify, 0);
#endif

    ppp_send_config(f->unit, PPP_MRU, 0xffffffff, 0, 0);
    ppp_recv_config(f->unit, PPP_MRU,
		    (go->neg_asyncmap? go->asyncmap: 0xffffffff),
		    go->neg_pcompression, go->neg_accompression);
    peer_mru[f->unit] = PPP_MRU;
}


/*
 * lcp_starting - LCP needs the lower layer up.
 */
static void
lcp_starting(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    link_required(f->unit);
}


/*
 * lcp_finished - LCP has finished with the lower layer.
 */
static void
lcp_finished(f)
    fsm *f;
{
    link_terminated(f->unit);
}


/*
 * lcp_printpkt - print the contents of an LCP packet.
 */
static char *lcp_codenames[] = {
    "ConfReq", "ConfAck", "ConfNak", "ConfRej",
    "TermReq", "TermAck", "CodeRej", "ProtRej",
    "EchoReq", "EchoRep", "DiscReq"
};

static int
lcp_printpkt(p, plen, printer, arg)
    u_char *p;
    int plen;
    void (*printer) __P((void *, char *, ...));
    void *arg;
{
    int code, id, len, olen, i;
    u_char *pstart, *optend;
    u_short cishort;
    u_int32_t cilong;

    if (plen < HEADERLEN)
	return 0;
    pstart = p;
    GETCHAR(code, p);
    GETCHAR(id, p);
    GETSHORT(len, p);
    if (len < HEADERLEN || len > plen)
	return 0;

    if (code >= 1 && code <= sizeof(lcp_codenames) / sizeof(char *))
	printer(arg, " %s", lcp_codenames[code-1]);
    else
	printer(arg, " code=0x%x", code);
    printer(arg, " id=0x%x", id);
    len -= HEADERLEN;
    switch (code) {
    case CONFREQ:
    case CONFACK:
    case CONFNAK:
    case CONFREJ:
	/* print option list */
	while (len >= 2) {
	    GETCHAR(code, p);
	    GETCHAR(olen, p);
	    p -= 2;
	    if (olen < 2 || olen > len) {
		break;
	    }
	    printer(arg, " <");
	    len -= olen;
	    optend = p + olen;
	    switch (code) {
	    case CI_MRU:
		if (olen == CILEN_SHORT) {
		    p += 2;
		    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
		    printer(arg, "mru %d", cishort);
		}
		break;
	    case CI_ASYNCMAP:
		if (olen == CILEN_LONG) {
		    p += 2;
		    GETLONG(cilong, p);
		    printer(arg, "asyncmap 0x%x", cilong);
		}
		break;
	    case CI_AUTHTYPE:
		if (olen >= CILEN_SHORT) {
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "auth ");
		    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
		    switch (cishort) {
		    case PPP_PAP:
			printer(arg, "pap");
			break;
		    case PPP_CHAP:
			printer(arg, "chap");
			if (p < optend) {
			    switch (*p) {
			    case CHAP_DIGEST_MD5:
				printer(arg, " MD5");
				++p;
				break;
#ifdef CHAPMS
			    case CHAP_MICROSOFT:
				printer(arg, " m$oft");
				++p;
				break;
#endif
			    }
			}
			break;
		    default:
			printer(arg, "0x%x", cishort);
		    }
		}
		break;
	    case CI_QUALITY:
		if (olen >= CILEN_SHORT) {
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "quality ");
		    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
		    switch (cishort) {
		    case PPP_LQR:
			printer(arg, "lqr");
			break;
		    default:
			printer(arg, "0x%x", cishort);
		    }
		}
		break;
#ifdef CBCP_SUPPORT
	    case CI_CALLBACK:
		if (olen == CILEN_CHAR) {
    		    u_char cichar;
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "callback ");
		    GETCHAR(cichar, p);
		    switch (cichar) {
		    case CBCP_OPT:
			printer(arg, "CBCP");
			break;
		    default:
			printer(arg, "0x%x", cichar);
		    }
		}
		break;
#endif
	    case CI_MAGICNUMBER:
		if (olen == CILEN_LONG) {
		    p += 2;
		    GETLONG(cilong, p);
		    printer(arg, "magic 0x%x", cilong);
		}
		break;
	    case CI_PCOMPRESSION:
		if (olen == CILEN_VOID) {
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "pcomp");
		}
		break;
	    case CI_ACCOMPRESSION:
		if (olen == CILEN_VOID) {
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "accomp");
		}
		break;
	    case CI_MRRU:
		if (olen == CILEN_SHORT) {
		    p += 2;
		    GETSHORT(cishort, p);
		    printer(arg, "mrru %d", cishort);
		}
		break;
	    case CI_SSNHF:
		if (olen == CILEN_VOID) {
		    p += 2;
		    printer(arg, "ssnhf");
		}
		break;
	    case CI_EPDISC:
#ifdef HAVE_MULTILINK
		if (olen >= CILEN_CHAR) {
		    struct epdisc epd;
		    p += 2;
		    GETCHAR(epd.class, p);
		    epd.length = olen - CILEN_CHAR;
		    if (epd.length > MAX_ENDP_LEN)
			epd.length = MAX_ENDP_LEN;
		    if (epd.length > 0) {
			BCOPY(p, epd.value, epd.length);
			p += epd.length;
		    }
		    printer(arg, "endpoint [%s]", epdisc_to_str(&epd));
		}
#else
		printer(arg, "endpoint");
#endif
		break;
	    }
	    while (p < optend) {
		GETCHAR(code, p);
		printer(arg, " %.2x", code);
	    }
	    printer(arg, ">");
	}
	break;

    case TERMACK:
    case TERMREQ:
	if (len > 0 && *p >= ' ' && *p < 0x7f) {
	    printer(arg, " ");
	    print_string((char *)p, len, printer, arg);
	    p += len;
	    len = 0;
	}
	break;

    case ECHOREQ:
    case ECHOREP:
    case DISCREQ:
	if (len >= 4) {
	    GETLONG(cilong, p);
	    printer(arg, " magic=0x%x", cilong);
	    p += 4;
	    len -= 4;
	}
	break;
    }

    /* print the rest of the bytes in the packet */
    for (i = 0; i < len && i < 32; ++i) {
	GETCHAR(code, p);
	printer(arg, " %.2x", code);
    }
    if (i < len) {
	printer(arg, " ...");
	p += len - i;
    }

    return p - pstart;
}

/*
 * Time to shut down the link because there is nothing out there.
 */

static
void LcpLinkFailure (f)
    fsm *f;
{
    if (f->state == OPENED) {
	info("No response to %d echo-requests", lcp_echos_pending);
        notice("Serial link appears to be disconnected.");
        lcp_close(f->unit, "Peer not responding");
	status = EXIT_PEER_DEAD;
    }
}

/*
 * Timer expired for the LCP echo requests from this process.
 */

static void
LcpEchoCheck (f)
    fsm *f;
{
    LcpSendEchoRequest (f);
    if (f->state != OPENED)
	return;

    /*
     * Start the timer for the next interval.
     */
    if (lcp_echo_timer_running)
	warning("assertion lcp_echo_timer_running==0 failed");
    TIMEOUT (LcpEchoTimeout, f, lcp_echo_interval);
    lcp_echo_timer_running = 1;
}

/*
 * LcpEchoTimeout - Timer expired on the LCP echo
 */

static void
LcpEchoTimeout (arg)
    void *arg;
{
    if (lcp_echo_timer_running != 0) {
        lcp_echo_timer_running = 0;
        LcpEchoCheck ((fsm *) arg);
    }
}

/*
 * LcpEchoReply - LCP has received a reply to the echo
 */

static void
lcp_received_echo_reply (f, id, inp, len)
    fsm *f;
    int id;
    u_char *inp;
    int len;
{
    u_int32_t magic;

    /* Check the magic number - don't count replies from ourselves. */
    if (len < 4) {
	dbglog("lcp: received short Echo-Reply, length %d", len);
	return;
    }
    GETLONG(magic, inp);
    if (lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].neg_magicnumber
	&& magic == lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].magicnumber) {
	warning("appear to have received our own echo-reply!");
	return;
    }

    /* Reset the number of outstanding echo frames */
    lcp_echos_pending = 0;
}

/*
 * LcpSendEchoRequest - Send an echo request frame to the peer
 */

static void
LcpSendEchoRequest (f)
    fsm *f;
{
    u_int32_t lcp_magic;
    u_char pkt[4], *pktp;
    struct ppp_idle idle;

    /* 
        Don't sent echo request if activity is detected on the link
        during the echo interval
    */
    if (get_idle_time(0, &idle)) {
        if (idle.recv_idle < lcp_echo_interval) {
            lcp_echos_pending = 0;
            return;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Detect the failure of the peer at this point.
     */
    if (lcp_echo_fails != 0) {
        if (lcp_echos_pending >= lcp_echo_fails) {
            LcpLinkFailure(f);
	    lcp_echos_pending = 0;
	}
    }

    /*
     * Make and send the echo request frame.
     */
    if (f->state == OPENED) {
        lcp_magic = lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].magicnumber;
	pktp = pkt;
	PUTLONG(lcp_magic, pktp);
        fsm_sdata(f, ECHOREQ, lcp_echo_number++ & 0xFF, pkt, pktp - pkt);
	++lcp_echos_pending;
    }
}

/*
 * lcp_echo_lowerup - Start the timer for the LCP frame
 */

static void
lcp_echo_lowerup (unit)
    int unit;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];

    /* Clear the parameters for generating echo frames */
    lcp_echos_pending      = 0;
    lcp_echo_number        = 0;
    lcp_echo_timer_running = 0;
  
    /* If a timeout interval is specified then start the timer */
    if (lcp_echo_interval != 0)
        LcpEchoCheck (f);
}

/*
 * lcp_echo_lowerdown - Stop the timer for the LCP frame
 */

static void
lcp_echo_lowerdown (unit)
    int unit;
{
    fsm *f = &lcp_fsm[unit];

    if (lcp_echo_timer_running != 0) {
        UNTIMEOUT (LcpEchoTimeout, f);
        lcp_echo_timer_running = 0;
    }

}

/*
 * lcp_received_timeremaining - LCP has received a Time Remaning packet
 */

static void
lcp_received_timeremaining (f, id, inp, len)
    fsm *f;
    int id;
    u_char *inp;
    int len;
{
    u_int32_t magic, time;
    struct lcp_timeremaining_info info;

    /* Check the magic number - don't count replies from ourselves. */
    if (len < 8) {
	dbglog("lcp: received short Time-remaining, length %d", len);
	return;
    }
    GETLONG(magic, inp);
    if (lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].neg_magicnumber
	&& magic == lcp_gotoptions[f->unit].magicnumber) {
	warning("appear to have received our own echo-reply!");
	return;
    }

    /* get the time remaining value (in seconds), and user information */
    GETLONG(time, inp);
    info.time = time;
    info.text = inp;
    info.textlen = len - 8;
    notify(lcp_timeremaining_notify, (int)&info);

}