slcompress.c   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 * 
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this
 * file.
 * 
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 * 
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1989, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)slcompress.c	8.2 (Berkeley) 4/16/94
 */

/*
 * Routines to compress and uncompess tcp packets (for transmission
 * over low speed serial lines.
 *
 * Van Jacobson (van@helios.ee.lbl.gov), Dec 31, 1989:
 *	- Initial distribution.
 *
 */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>

#include "slcompress.h"

#ifndef SL_NO_STATS
#define INCR(counter) ++comp->counter;
#else
#define INCR(counter)
#endif

#define BCMP(p1, p2, n) bcmp((char *)(p1), (char *)(p2), (int)(n))
#define BCOPY(p1, p2, n) bcopy((char *)(p1), (char *)(p2), (int)(n))
#ifndef KERNEL
#define ovbcopy bcopy
#endif

/* Wcast-align fix - cast away alignment warning when buffer is aligned */
#define ALIGNED_CAST(type)	(type)(void *) 


void
sl_compress_init(comp, max_state)
	struct slcompress *comp;
	int max_state;
{
	register u_int i;
	register struct cstate *tstate = comp->tstate;

	if (max_state == -1) {
		max_state = MAX_STATES - 1;
		bzero((char *)comp, sizeof(*comp));
	} else {
		/* Don't reset statistics */
		bzero((char *)comp->tstate, sizeof(comp->tstate));
		bzero((char *)comp->rstate, sizeof(comp->rstate));
	}
  	for (i = max_state; i > 0; --i) {
		tstate[i].cs_id = i;
		tstate[i].cs_next = &tstate[i - 1];
	}
	tstate[0].cs_next = &tstate[max_state];
	tstate[0].cs_id = 0;
	comp->last_cs = &tstate[0];
	comp->last_recv = 255;
	comp->last_xmit = 255;
	comp->flags = SLF_TOSS;
}


/* ENCODE encodes a number that is known to be non-zero.  ENCODEZ
 * checks for zero (since zero has to be encoded in the long, 3 byte
 * form).
 */
#define ENCODE(n) { \
	if ((u_int16_t)(n) >= 256) { \
		*cp++ = 0; \
		cp[1] = (n); \
		cp[0] = (n) >> 8; \
		cp += 2; \
	} else { \
		*cp++ = (n); \
	} \
}
#define ENCODEZ(n) { \
	if ((u_int16_t)(n) >= 256 || (u_int16_t)(n) == 0) { \
		*cp++ = 0; \
		cp[1] = (n); \
		cp[0] = (n) >> 8; \
		cp += 2; \
	} else { \
		*cp++ = (n); \
	} \
}

#define DECODEL(f) { \
	if (*cp == 0) {\
		(f) = htonl(ntohl(f) + ((cp[1] << 8) | cp[2])); \
		cp += 3; \
	} else { \
		(f) = htonl(ntohl(f) + (u_int32_t)*cp++); \
	} \
}

#define DECODES(f) { \
	if (*cp == 0) {\
		(f) = htons(ntohs(f) + ((cp[1] << 8) | cp[2])); \
		cp += 3; \
	} else { \
		(f) = htons(ntohs(f) + (u_int32_t)*cp++); \
	} \
}

#define DECODEU(f) { \
	if (*cp == 0) {\
		(f) = htons((cp[1] << 8) | cp[2]); \
		cp += 3; \
	} else { \
		(f) = htons((u_int32_t)*cp++); \
	} \
}

u_int
sl_compress_tcp(m, ip, comp, compress_cid)
	mbuf_t m;
	register struct ip *ip;
	struct slcompress *comp;
	int compress_cid;
{
	register struct cstate *cs = comp->last_cs->cs_next;
	register u_int hlen = ip->ip_hl;
	register struct tcphdr *oth;
	register struct tcphdr *th;
	register u_int deltaS, deltaA;
	register u_int changes = 0;
	u_char new_seq[16];
	register u_char *cp = new_seq;

	/*
	 * Bail if this is an IP fragment or if the TCP packet isn't
	 * `compressible' (i.e., ACK isn't set or some other control bit is
	 * set).  (We assume that the caller has already made sure the
	 * packet is IP proto TCP).
	 */
	if ((ip->ip_off & htons(0x3fff)) || mbuf_len(m) < 40)
		return (TYPE_IP);

	th = (struct tcphdr *)&((int32_t *)ip)[hlen];
	if ((th->th_flags & (TH_SYN|TH_FIN|TH_RST|TH_ACK)) != TH_ACK)
		return (TYPE_IP);
	/*
	 * Packet is compressible -- we're going to send either a
	 * COMPRESSED_TCP or UNCOMPRESSED_TCP packet.  Either way we need
	 * to locate (or create) the connection state.  Special case the
	 * most recently used connection since it's most likely to be used
	 * again & we don't have to do any reordering if it's used.
	 */
	INCR(sls_packets)
	if (ip->ip_src.s_addr != cs->cs_ip.ip_src.s_addr ||
	    ip->ip_dst.s_addr != cs->cs_ip.ip_dst.s_addr ||
	    *(int32_t *)th != ((int32_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[cs->cs_ip.ip_hl]) {
		/*
		 * Wasn't the first -- search for it.
		 *
		 * States are kept in a circularly linked list with
		 * last_cs pointing to the end of the list.  The
		 * list is kept in lru order by moving a state to the
		 * head of the list whenever it is referenced.  Since
		 * the list is short and, empirically, the connection
		 * we want is almost always near the front, we locate
		 * states via linear search.  If we don't find a state
		 * for the datagram, the oldest state is (re-)used.
		 */
		register struct cstate *lcs;
		register struct cstate *lastcs = comp->last_cs;

		do {
			lcs = cs; cs = cs->cs_next;
			INCR(sls_searches)
			if (ip->ip_src.s_addr == cs->cs_ip.ip_src.s_addr
			    && ip->ip_dst.s_addr == cs->cs_ip.ip_dst.s_addr
			    && *(int32_t *)th ==
			    ((int32_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[cs->cs_ip.ip_hl])
				goto found;
		} while (cs != lastcs);

		/*
		 * Didn't find it -- re-use oldest cstate.  Send an
		 * uncompressed packet that tells the other side what
		 * connection number we're using for this conversation.
		 * Note that since the state list is circular, the oldest
		 * state points to the newest and we only need to set
		 * last_cs to update the lru linkage.
		 */
		INCR(sls_misses)
		comp->last_cs = lcs;
		hlen += th->th_off;
		hlen <<= 2;
		if (hlen > mbuf_len(m))
		    return TYPE_IP;
		goto uncompressed;

	found:
		/*
		 * Found it -- move to the front on the connection list.
		 */
		if (cs == lastcs)
			comp->last_cs = lcs;
		else {
			lcs->cs_next = cs->cs_next;
			cs->cs_next = lastcs->cs_next;
			lastcs->cs_next = cs;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Make sure that only what we expect to change changed. The first
	 * line of the `if' checks the IP protocol version, header length &
	 * type of service.  The 2nd line checks the "Don't fragment" bit.
	 * The 3rd line checks the time-to-live and protocol (the protocol
	 * check is unnecessary but costless).  The 4th line checks the TCP
	 * header length.  The 5th line checks IP options, if any.  The 6th
	 * line checks TCP options, if any.  If any of these things are
	 * different between the previous & current datagram, we send the
	 * current datagram `uncompressed'.
	 */
	oth = (struct tcphdr *)&((int32_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[hlen];
	deltaS = hlen;
	hlen += th->th_off;
	hlen <<= 2;
	if (hlen > mbuf_len(m))
	    return TYPE_IP;

	if (((u_int16_t *)ip)[0] != ((u_int16_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[0] ||
	    ((u_int16_t *)ip)[3] != ((u_int16_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[3] ||
	    ((u_int16_t *)ip)[4] != ((u_int16_t *)&cs->cs_ip)[4] ||
	    th->th_off != oth->th_off ||
	    (deltaS > 5 &&
	     BCMP(ip + 1, &cs->cs_ip + 1, (deltaS - 5) << 2)) ||
	    (th->th_off > 5 &&
	     BCMP(th + 1, oth + 1, (th->th_off - 5) << 2)))
		goto uncompressed;

	/*
	 * Figure out which of the changing fields changed.  The
	 * receiver expects changes in the order: urgent, window,
	 * ack, seq (the order minimizes the number of temporaries
	 * needed in this section of code).
	 */
	if (th->th_flags & TH_URG) {
		deltaS = ntohs(th->th_urp);
		ENCODEZ(deltaS);
		changes |= NEW_U;
	} else if (th->th_urp != oth->th_urp)
		/* argh! URG not set but urp changed -- a sensible
		 * implementation should never do this but RFC793
		 * doesn't prohibit the change so we have to deal
		 * with it. */
		 goto uncompressed;

	deltaS = (u_int16_t)(ntohs(th->th_win) - ntohs(oth->th_win));
	if (deltaS) {
		ENCODE(deltaS);
		changes |= NEW_W;
	}

	deltaA = ntohl(th->th_ack) - ntohl(oth->th_ack);
	if (deltaA) {
		if (deltaA > 0xffff)
			goto uncompressed;
		ENCODE(deltaA);
		changes |= NEW_A;
	}

	deltaS = ntohl(th->th_seq) - ntohl(oth->th_seq);
	if (deltaS) {
		if (deltaS > 0xffff)
			goto uncompressed;
		ENCODE(deltaS);
		changes |= NEW_S;
	}

	switch(changes) {

	case 0:
		/*
		 * Nothing changed. If this packet contains data and the
		 * last one didn't, this is probably a data packet following
		 * an ack (normal on an interactive connection) and we send
		 * it compressed.  Otherwise it's probably a retransmit,
		 * retransmitted ack or window probe.  Send it uncompressed
		 * in case the other side missed the compressed version.
		 */
		if (ip->ip_len != cs->cs_ip.ip_len &&
		    ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_len) == hlen)
			break;

		/* (fall through) */

	case SPECIAL_I:
	case SPECIAL_D:
		/*
		 * actual changes match one of our special case encodings --
		 * send packet uncompressed.
		 */
		goto uncompressed;

	case NEW_S|NEW_A:
		if (deltaS == deltaA &&
		    deltaS == ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_len) - hlen) {
			/* special case for echoed terminal traffic */
			changes = SPECIAL_I;
			cp = new_seq;
		}
		break;

	case NEW_S:
		if (deltaS == ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_len) - hlen) {
			/* special case for data xfer */
			changes = SPECIAL_D;
			cp = new_seq;
		}
		break;
	}

	deltaS = ntohs(ip->ip_id) - ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_id);
	if (deltaS != 1) {
		ENCODEZ(deltaS);
		changes |= NEW_I;
	}
	if (th->th_flags & TH_PUSH)
		changes |= TCP_PUSH_BIT;
	/*
	 * Grab the cksum before we overwrite it below.  Then update our
	 * state with this packet's header.
	 */
	deltaA = ntohs(th->th_sum);
	BCOPY(ip, &cs->cs_ip, hlen);

	/*
	 * We want to use the original packet as our compressed packet.
	 * (cp - new_seq) is the number of bytes we need for compressed
	 * sequence numbers.  In addition we need one byte for the change
	 * mask, one for the connection id and two for the tcp checksum.
	 * So, (cp - new_seq) + 4 bytes of header are needed.  hlen is how
	 * many bytes of the original packet to toss so subtract the two to
	 * get the new packet size.
	 */
	deltaS = cp - new_seq;
	cp = (u_char *)ip;
	if (compress_cid == 0 || comp->last_xmit != cs->cs_id) {
		comp->last_xmit = cs->cs_id;
		hlen -= deltaS + 4;
		cp += hlen;
		*cp++ = changes | NEW_C;
		*cp++ = cs->cs_id;
	} else {
		hlen -= deltaS + 3;
		cp += hlen;
		*cp++ = changes;
	}
	mbuf_setdata(m, mbuf_data(m) + hlen, mbuf_len(m) - hlen);
	*cp++ = deltaA >> 8;
	*cp++ = deltaA;
	BCOPY(new_seq, cp, deltaS);
	INCR(sls_compressed)
	return (TYPE_COMPRESSED_TCP);

	/*
	 * Update connection state cs & send uncompressed packet ('uncompressed'
	 * means a regular ip/tcp packet but with the 'conversation id' we hope
	 * to use on future compressed packets in the protocol field).
	 */
uncompressed:
	BCOPY(ip, &cs->cs_ip, hlen);
	ip->ip_p = cs->cs_id;
	comp->last_xmit = cs->cs_id;
	return (TYPE_UNCOMPRESSED_TCP);
}


int
sl_uncompress_tcp(bufp, len, type, comp)
	u_char **bufp;
	int len;
	u_int type;
	struct slcompress *comp;
{
	u_char *hdr, *cp;
	int hlen, vjlen;

	cp = bufp? *bufp: NULL;
	vjlen = sl_uncompress_tcp_core(cp, len, len, type, comp, &hdr, (uint32_t *)&hlen);
	if (vjlen < 0)
		return (0);	/* error */
	if (vjlen == 0)
		return (len);	/* was uncompressed already */

	cp += vjlen;
	len -= vjlen;

	/*
	 * At this point, cp points to the first byte of data in the
	 * packet.  If we're not aligned on a 4-byte boundary, copy the
	 * data down so the ip & tcp headers will be aligned.  Then back up
	 * cp by the tcp/ip header length to make room for the reconstructed
	 * header (we assume the packet we were handed has enough space to
	 * prepend 128 bytes of header).
	 */
        // Start APPLE
//        if ((intptr_t)cp & 3) {
 //               if (len > 0)
//                        (void) ovbcopy(cp, (caddr_t)((intptr_t)cp &~ 3), len);
//                cp = (u_char *)((intptr_t)cp &~ 3);
//        }
        if ((uintptr_t)cp & 3) {
            if (len > 0)
                    (void) ovbcopy(cp, (caddr_t)((uintptr_t)cp &~ 3), len);
            cp = (u_char *)((uintptr_t)cp &~ 3);
        }
        // End APPLE
	cp -= hlen;
	len += hlen;
	BCOPY(hdr, cp, hlen);

	if (bufp)
		*bufp = cp;
	return (len);
}

/*
 * Uncompress a packet of total length total_len.  The first buflen
 * bytes are at buf; this must include the entire (compressed or
 * uncompressed) TCP/IP header.  This procedure returns the length
 * of the VJ header, with a pointer to the uncompressed IP header
 * in *hdrp and its length in *hlenp.
 */
int
sl_uncompress_tcp_core(buf, buflen, total_len, type, comp, hdrp, hlenp)
	u_char *buf;
	int buflen, total_len;
	u_int type;
	struct slcompress *comp;
	u_char **hdrp;
	u_int *hlenp;
{
	register u_char *cp;
	register u_int hlen, changes;
	register struct tcphdr *th;
	register struct cstate *cs;
	register struct ip *ip;
	register u_int16_t *bp;
	register u_int vjlen;

	switch (type) {

	case TYPE_UNCOMPRESSED_TCP:
		ip = (struct ip *)(void*) buf;  // Wcast-align fix (void*) - used only to access 1 byte or less
		if (ip->ip_p >= MAX_STATES)
			goto bad;
		cs = &comp->rstate[comp->last_recv = ip->ip_p];
		comp->flags &=~ SLF_TOSS;
		ip->ip_p = IPPROTO_TCP;
		/*
		 * Calculate the size of the TCP/IP header and make sure that
		 * we don't overflow the space we have available for it.
		 */
		hlen = ip->ip_hl << 2;
		if (hlen + sizeof(struct tcphdr) > buflen)
			goto bad;
		hlen += ((struct tcphdr *)(void*)&((char *)ip)[hlen])->th_off << 2; // Wcast-align fix (void*) - used for access to 4 bits
		if (hlen > MAX_HDR || hlen > buflen)
			goto bad;
		BCOPY(ip, &cs->cs_ip, hlen);
		cs->cs_hlen = hlen;
		INCR(sls_uncompressedin)
		*hdrp = (u_char *) &cs->cs_ip;
		*hlenp = hlen;
		return (0);

	default:
		goto bad;

	case TYPE_COMPRESSED_TCP:
		break;
	}
	/* We've got a compressed packet. */
	INCR(sls_compressedin)
	cp = buf;
	changes = *cp++;
	if (changes & NEW_C) {
		/* Make sure the state index is in range, then grab the state.
		 * If we have a good state index, clear the 'discard' flag. */
		if (*cp >= MAX_STATES)
			goto bad;

		comp->flags &=~ SLF_TOSS;
		comp->last_recv = *cp++;
	} else {
		/* this packet has an implicit state index.  If we've
		 * had a line error since the last time we got an
		 * explicit state index, we have to toss the packet. */
		if (comp->flags & SLF_TOSS) {
			INCR(sls_tossed)
			return (-1);
		}
	}
	cs = &comp->rstate[comp->last_recv];
	hlen = cs->cs_ip.ip_hl << 2;
	th = ALIGNED_CAST(struct tcphdr *)&((u_char *)&cs->cs_ip)[hlen];
	th->th_sum = htons((*cp << 8) | cp[1]);
	cp += 2;
	if (changes & TCP_PUSH_BIT)
		th->th_flags |= TH_PUSH;
	else
		th->th_flags &=~ TH_PUSH;

	switch (changes & SPECIALS_MASK) {
	case SPECIAL_I:
		{
		register u_int i = ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_len) - cs->cs_hlen;
		th->th_ack = htonl(ntohl(th->th_ack) + i);
		th->th_seq = htonl(ntohl(th->th_seq) + i);
		}
		break;

	case SPECIAL_D:
		th->th_seq = htonl(ntohl(th->th_seq) + ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_len)
				   - cs->cs_hlen);
		break;

	default:
		if (changes & NEW_U) {
			th->th_flags |= TH_URG;
			DECODEU(th->th_urp)
		} else
			th->th_flags &=~ TH_URG;
		if (changes & NEW_W)
			DECODES(th->th_win)
		if (changes & NEW_A)
			DECODEL(th->th_ack)
		if (changes & NEW_S)
			DECODEL(th->th_seq)
		break;
	}
	if (changes & NEW_I) {
		DECODES(cs->cs_ip.ip_id)
	} else
		cs->cs_ip.ip_id = htons(ntohs(cs->cs_ip.ip_id) + 1);

	/*
	 * At this point, cp points to the first byte of data in the
	 * packet.  Fill in the IP total length and update the IP
	 * header checksum.
	 */
	vjlen = cp - buf;
	buflen -= vjlen;
	if (buflen < 0)
		/* we must have dropped some characters (crc should detect
		 * this but the old slip framing won't) */
		goto bad;

	total_len += cs->cs_hlen - vjlen;
	cs->cs_ip.ip_len = htons(total_len);

	/* recompute the ip header checksum */
	bp = (u_int16_t *) &cs->cs_ip;
	cs->cs_ip.ip_sum = 0;
		for (changes = 0; hlen > 0; hlen -= 2)
			changes += *bp++;
		changes = (changes & 0xffff) + (changes >> 16);
		changes = (changes & 0xffff) + (changes >> 16);
	cs->cs_ip.ip_sum = ~ changes;

	*hdrp = (u_char *) &cs->cs_ip;
	*hlenp = cs->cs_hlen;
	return vjlen;

bad:
	comp->flags |= SLF_TOSS;
	INCR(sls_errorin)
	return (-1);
}