CPAN.pm   [plain text]


# -*- Mode: cperl; coding: utf-8; cperl-indent-level: 4 -*-
package CPAN;
$VERSION = '1.76';
# $Id: CPAN.pm,v 1.2 2003/08/02 00:05:41 emoy Exp $

# only used during development:
$Revision = "";
# $Revision = "[".substr(q$Revision: 1.2 $, 10)."]";

use Carp ();
use Config ();
use Cwd ();
use DirHandle;
use Exporter ();
use ExtUtils::MakeMaker (); # $SelfLoader::DEBUG=1;
use File::Basename ();
use File::Copy ();
use File::Find;
use File::Path ();
use FileHandle ();
use Safe ();
use Text::ParseWords ();
use Text::Wrap;
use File::Spec;
use Sys::Hostname;
no lib "."; # we need to run chdir all over and we would get at wrong
            # libraries there

require Mac::BuildTools if $^O eq 'MacOS';

END { $End++; &cleanup; }

%CPAN::DEBUG = qw[
		  CPAN              1
		  Index             2
		  InfoObj           4
		  Author            8
		  Distribution     16
		  Bundle           32
		  Module           64
		  CacheMgr        128
		  Complete        256
		  FTP             512
		  Shell          1024
		  Eval           2048
		  Config         4096
		  Tarzip         8192
		  Version       16384
		  Queue         32768
];

$CPAN::DEBUG ||= 0;
$CPAN::Signal ||= 0;
$CPAN::Frontend ||= "CPAN::Shell";
$CPAN::Defaultsite ||= "ftp://ftp.perl.org/pub/CPAN";

package CPAN;
use strict qw(vars);

use vars qw($VERSION @EXPORT $AUTOLOAD $DEBUG $META $HAS_USABLE $term
            $Revision $Signal $End $Suppress_readline $Frontend
            $Defaultsite $Have_warned);

@CPAN::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug Exporter);

@EXPORT = qw(
	     autobundle bundle expand force get cvs_import
	     install make readme recompile shell test clean
	    );

#-> sub CPAN::AUTOLOAD ;
sub AUTOLOAD {
    my($l) = $AUTOLOAD;
    $l =~ s/.*:://;
    my(%EXPORT);
    @EXPORT{@EXPORT} = '';
    CPAN::Config->load unless $CPAN::Config_loaded++;
    if (exists $EXPORT{$l}){
	CPAN::Shell->$l(@_);
    } else {
	$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{Unknown command "$AUTOLOAD". }.
				qq{Type ? for help.
});
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::shell ;
sub shell {
    my($self) = @_;
    $Suppress_readline = ! -t STDIN unless defined $Suppress_readline;
    CPAN::Config->load unless $CPAN::Config_loaded++;

    my $oprompt = shift || "cpan> ";
    my $prompt = $oprompt;
    my $commandline = shift || "";

    local($^W) = 1;
    unless ($Suppress_readline) {
	require Term::ReadLine;
        if (! $term
            or
            $term->ReadLine eq "Term::ReadLine::Stub"
           ) {
            $term = Term::ReadLine->new('CPAN Monitor');
        }
	if ($term->ReadLine eq "Term::ReadLine::Gnu") {
	    my $attribs = $term->Attribs;
	     $attribs->{attempted_completion_function} = sub {
		 &CPAN::Complete::gnu_cpl;
	     }
	} else {
	    $readline::rl_completion_function =
		$readline::rl_completion_function = 'CPAN::Complete::cpl';
	}
        if (my $histfile = $CPAN::Config->{'histfile'}) {{
            unless ($term->can("AddHistory")) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Terminal does not support AddHistory.\n");
                last;
            }
            my($fh) = FileHandle->new;
            open $fh, "<$histfile" or last;
            local $/ = "\n";
            while (<$fh>) {
                chomp;
                $term->AddHistory($_);
            }
            close $fh;
        }}
	# $term->OUT is autoflushed anyway
	my $odef = select STDERR;
	$| = 1;
	select STDOUT;
	$| = 1;
	select $odef;
    }

    # no strict; # I do not recall why no strict was here (2000-09-03)
    $META->checklock();
    my $cwd = CPAN::anycwd();
    my $try_detect_readline;
    $try_detect_readline = $term->ReadLine eq "Term::ReadLine::Stub" if $term;
    my $rl_avail = $Suppress_readline ? "suppressed" :
	($term->ReadLine ne "Term::ReadLine::Stub") ? "enabled" :
	    "available (try 'install Bundle::CPAN')";

    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
			     sprintf qq{
cpan shell -- CPAN exploration and modules installation (v%s%s)
ReadLine support %s

},
                             $CPAN::VERSION,
                             $CPAN::Revision,
                             $rl_avail
                            )
        unless $CPAN::Config->{'inhibit_startup_message'} ;
    my($continuation) = "";
  SHELLCOMMAND: while () {
	if ($Suppress_readline) {
	    print $prompt;
	    last SHELLCOMMAND unless defined ($_ = <> );
	    chomp;
	} else {
	    last SHELLCOMMAND unless
                defined ($_ = $term->readline($prompt, $commandline));
	}
	$_ = "$continuation$_" if $continuation;
	s/^\s+//;
	next SHELLCOMMAND if /^$/;
	$_ = 'h' if /^\s*\?/;
	if (/^(?:q(?:uit)?|bye|exit)$/i) {
	    last SHELLCOMMAND;
	} elsif (s/\\$//s) {
	    chomp;
	    $continuation = $_;
	    $prompt = "    > ";
	} elsif (/^\!/) {
	    s/^\!//;
	    my($eval) = $_;
	    package CPAN::Eval;
	    use vars qw($import_done);
	    CPAN->import(':DEFAULT') unless $import_done++;
	    CPAN->debug("eval[$eval]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    eval($eval);
	    warn $@ if $@;
	    $continuation = "";
	    $prompt = $oprompt;
	} elsif (/./) {
	    my(@line);
	    if ($] < 5.00322) { # parsewords had a bug until recently
		@line = split;
	    } else {
		eval { @line = Text::ParseWords::shellwords($_) };
		warn($@), next SHELLCOMMAND if $@;
                warn("Text::Parsewords could not parse the line [$_]"),
                    next SHELLCOMMAND unless @line;
	    }
	    $CPAN::META->debug("line[".join("|",@line)."]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    my $command = shift @line;
	    eval { CPAN::Shell->$command(@line) };
	    warn $@ if $@;
	    chdir $cwd or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$cwd": $!});
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	    $continuation = "";
	    $prompt = $oprompt;
	}
    } continue {
      $commandline = ""; # I do want to be able to pass a default to
                         # shell, but on the second command I see no
                         # use in that
      $Signal=0;
      CPAN::Queue->nullify_queue;
      if ($try_detect_readline) {
	if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ReadLine::Gnu")
	    ||
	    $CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ReadLine::Perl")
	   ) {
	    delete $INC{"Term/ReadLine.pm"};
	    my $redef = 0;
	    local($SIG{__WARN__}) = CPAN::Shell::paintdots_onreload(\$redef);
	    require Term::ReadLine;
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n$redef subroutines in ".
				     "Term::ReadLine redefined\n");
            @_ = ($oprompt,"");
	    goto &shell;
	}
      }
    }
    chdir $cwd or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$cwd": $!});
}

package CPAN::CacheMgr;
@CPAN::CacheMgr::ISA = qw(CPAN::InfoObj CPAN);
use File::Find;

package CPAN::Config;
use vars qw(%can $dot_cpan);

%can = (
  'commit' => "Commit changes to disk",
  'defaults' => "Reload defaults from disk",
  'init'   => "Interactive setting of all options",
);

package CPAN::FTP;
use vars qw($Ua $Thesite $Themethod);
@CPAN::FTP::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);

package CPAN::LWP::UserAgent;
use vars qw(@ISA $USER $PASSWD $SETUPDONE);
# we delay requiring LWP::UserAgent and setting up inheritence until we need it

package CPAN::Complete;
@CPAN::Complete::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);
@CPAN::Complete::COMMANDS = sort qw(
		       ! a b d h i m o q r u autobundle clean dump
		       make test install force readme reload look
                       cvs_import ls
) unless @CPAN::Complete::COMMANDS;

package CPAN::Index;
use vars qw($LAST_TIME $DATE_OF_02 $DATE_OF_03);
@CPAN::Index::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);
$LAST_TIME ||= 0;
$DATE_OF_03 ||= 0;
# use constant PROTOCOL => "2.0"; # outcommented to avoid warning on upgrade from 1.57
sub PROTOCOL { 2.0 }

package CPAN::InfoObj;
@CPAN::InfoObj::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);

package CPAN::Author;
@CPAN::Author::ISA = qw(CPAN::InfoObj);

package CPAN::Distribution;
@CPAN::Distribution::ISA = qw(CPAN::InfoObj);

package CPAN::Bundle;
@CPAN::Bundle::ISA = qw(CPAN::Module);

package CPAN::Module;
@CPAN::Module::ISA = qw(CPAN::InfoObj);

package CPAN::Exception::RecursiveDependency;
use overload '""' => "as_string";

sub new {
    my($class) = shift;
    my($deps) = shift;
    my @deps;
    my %seen;
    for my $dep (@$deps) {
        push @deps, $dep;
        last if $seen{$dep}++;
    }
    bless { deps => \@deps }, $class;
}

sub as_string {
    my($self) = shift;
    "\nRecursive dependency detected:\n    " .
        join("\n => ", @{$self->{deps}}) .
            ".\nCannot continue.\n";
}

package CPAN::Shell;
use vars qw($AUTOLOAD @ISA $COLOR_REGISTERED $ADVANCED_QUERY $PRINT_ORNAMENTING);
@CPAN::Shell::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);
$COLOR_REGISTERED ||= 0;
$PRINT_ORNAMENTING ||= 0;

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::AUTOLOAD ;
sub AUTOLOAD {
    my($autoload) = $AUTOLOAD;
    my $class = shift(@_);
    # warn "autoload[$autoload] class[$class]";
    $autoload =~ s/.*:://;
    if ($autoload =~ /^w/) {
	if ($CPAN::META->has_inst('CPAN::WAIT')) {
	    CPAN::WAIT->$autoload(@_);
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
Commands starting with "w" require CPAN::WAIT to be installed.
Please consider installing CPAN::WAIT to use the fulltext index.
For this you just need to type
    install CPAN::WAIT
});
	}
    } else {
	$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{Unknown command '$autoload'. }.
				qq{Type ? for help.
});
    }
}

package CPAN::Tarzip;
use vars qw($AUTOLOAD @ISA $BUGHUNTING);
@CPAN::Tarzip::ISA = qw(CPAN::Debug);
$BUGHUNTING = 0; # released code must have turned off

package CPAN::Queue;

# One use of the queue is to determine if we should or shouldn't
# announce the availability of a new CPAN module

# Now we try to use it for dependency tracking. For that to happen
# we need to draw a dependency tree and do the leaves first. This can
# easily be reached by running CPAN.pm recursively, but we don't want
# to waste memory and run into deep recursion. So what we can do is
# this:

# CPAN::Queue is the package where the queue is maintained. Dependencies
# often have high priority and must be brought to the head of the queue,
# possibly by jumping the queue if they are already there. My first code
# attempt tried to be extremely correct. Whenever a module needed
# immediate treatment, I either unshifted it to the front of the queue,
# or, if it was already in the queue, I spliced and let it bypass the
# others. This became a too correct model that made it impossible to put
# an item more than once into the queue. Why would you need that? Well,
# you need temporary duplicates as the manager of the queue is a loop
# that
#
#  (1) looks at the first item in the queue without shifting it off
#
#  (2) cares for the item
#
#  (3) removes the item from the queue, *even if its agenda failed and
#      even if the item isn't the first in the queue anymore* (that way
#      protecting against never ending queues)
#
# So if an item has prerequisites, the installation fails now, but we
# want to retry later. That's easy if we have it twice in the queue.
#
# I also expect insane dependency situations where an item gets more
# than two lives in the queue. Simplest example is triggered by 'install
# Foo Foo Foo'. People make this kind of mistakes and I don't want to
# get in the way. I wanted the queue manager to be a dumb servant, not
# one that knows everything.
#
# Who would I tell in this model that the user wants to be asked before
# processing? I can't attach that information to the module object,
# because not modules are installed but distributions. So I'd have to
# tell the distribution object that it should ask the user before
# processing. Where would the question be triggered then? Most probably
# in CPAN::Distribution::rematein.
# Hope that makes sense, my head is a bit off:-) -- AK

use vars qw{ @All };

# CPAN::Queue::new ;
sub new {
  my($class,$s) = @_;
  my $self = bless { qmod => $s }, $class;
  push @All, $self;
  return $self;
}

# CPAN::Queue::first ;
sub first {
  my $obj = $All[0];
  $obj->{qmod};
}

# CPAN::Queue::delete_first ;
sub delete_first {
  my($class,$what) = @_;
  my $i;
  for my $i (0..$#All) {
    if (  $All[$i]->{qmod} eq $what ) {
      splice @All, $i, 1;
      return;
    }
  }
}

# CPAN::Queue::jumpqueue ;
sub jumpqueue {
    my $class = shift;
    my @what = @_;
    CPAN->debug(sprintf("before jumpqueue All[%s] what[%s]",
                        join(",",map {$_->{qmod}} @All),
                        join(",",@what)
                       )) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
  WHAT: for my $what (reverse @what) {
        my $jumped = 0;
        for (my $i=0; $i<$#All;$i++) { #prevent deep recursion
            CPAN->debug("i[$All[$i]]what[$what]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            if ($All[$i]->{qmod} eq $what){
                $jumped++;
                if ($jumped > 100) { # one's OK if e.g. just
                                     # processing now; more are OK if
                                     # user typed it several times
                    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(
qq{Object [$what] queued more than 100 times, ignoring}
				 );
                    next WHAT;
                }
            }
        }
        my $obj = bless { qmod => $what }, $class;
        unshift @All, $obj;
    }
    CPAN->debug(sprintf("after jumpqueue All[%s] what[%s]",
                        join(",",map {$_->{qmod}} @All),
                        join(",",@what)
                       )) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
}

# CPAN::Queue::exists ;
sub exists {
  my($self,$what) = @_;
  my @all = map { $_->{qmod} } @All;
  my $exists = grep { $_->{qmod} eq $what } @All;
  # warn "in exists what[$what] all[@all] exists[$exists]";
  $exists;
}

# CPAN::Queue::delete ;
sub delete {
  my($self,$mod) = @_;
  @All = grep { $_->{qmod} ne $mod } @All;
}

# CPAN::Queue::nullify_queue ;
sub nullify_queue {
  @All = ();
}



package CPAN;

$META ||= CPAN->new; # In case we re-eval ourselves we need the ||

# from here on only subs.
################################################################################

#-> sub CPAN::all_objects ;
sub all_objects {
    my($mgr,$class) = @_;
    CPAN::Config->load unless $CPAN::Config_loaded++;
    CPAN->debug("mgr[$mgr] class[$class]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    CPAN::Index->reload;
    values %{ $META->{readwrite}{$class} }; # unsafe meta access, ok
}
*all = \&all_objects;

# Called by shell, not in batch mode. In batch mode I see no risk in
# having many processes updating something as installations are
# continually checked at runtime. In shell mode I suspect it is
# unintentional to open more than one shell at a time

#-> sub CPAN::checklock ;
sub checklock {
    my($self) = @_;
    my $lockfile = File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{cpan_home},".lock");
    if (-f $lockfile && -M _ > 0) {
	my $fh = FileHandle->new($lockfile) or
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Could not open $lockfile: $!");
	my $otherpid  = <$fh>;
	my $otherhost = <$fh>;
	$fh->close;
	if (defined $otherpid && $otherpid) {
	    chomp $otherpid;
        }
	if (defined $otherhost && $otherhost) {
	    chomp $otherhost;
	}
	my $thishost  = hostname();
	if (defined $otherhost && defined $thishost &&
	    $otherhost ne '' && $thishost ne '' &&
	    $otherhost ne $thishost) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(sprintf("CPAN.pm panic: Lockfile $lockfile\n".
                                           "reports other host $otherhost and other process $otherpid.\n".
                                           "Cannot proceed.\n"));
	}
	elsif (defined $otherpid && $otherpid) {
	    return if $$ == $otherpid; # should never happen
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(
				    qq{
There seems to be running another CPAN process (pid $otherpid).  Contacting...
});
	    if (kill 0, $otherpid) {
		$CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Other job is running.
You may want to kill it and delete the lockfile, maybe. On UNIX try:
    kill $otherpid
    rm $lockfile
});
	    } elsif (-w $lockfile) {
		my($ans) =
		    ExtUtils::MakeMaker::prompt
			(qq{Other job not responding. Shall I overwrite }.
			 qq{the lockfile? (Y/N)},"y");
		$CPAN::Frontend->myexit("Ok, bye\n")
		    unless $ans =~ /^y/i;
	    } else {
		Carp::croak(
			    qq{Lockfile $lockfile not writeable by you. }.
			    qq{Cannot proceed.\n}.
			    qq{    On UNIX try:\n}.
			    qq{    rm $lockfile\n}.
			    qq{  and then rerun us.\n}
			   );
	    }
	} else {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(sprintf("CPAN.pm panic: Lockfile $lockfile\n".
                                           "reports other process with ID ".
                                           "$otherpid. Cannot proceed.\n"));
        }
    }
    my $dotcpan = $CPAN::Config->{cpan_home};
    eval { File::Path::mkpath($dotcpan);};
    if ($@) {
      # A special case at least for Jarkko.
      my $firsterror = $@;
      my $seconderror;
      my $symlinkcpan;
      if (-l $dotcpan) {
	$symlinkcpan = readlink $dotcpan;
	die "readlink $dotcpan failed: $!" unless defined $symlinkcpan;
	eval { File::Path::mkpath($symlinkcpan); };
	if ($@) {
	  $seconderror = $@;
	} else {
	  $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
Working directory $symlinkcpan created.
});
	}
      }
      unless (-d $dotcpan) {
	my $diemess = qq{
Your configuration suggests "$dotcpan" as your
CPAN.pm working directory. I could not create this directory due
to this error: $firsterror\n};
	$diemess .= qq{
As "$dotcpan" is a symlink to "$symlinkcpan",
I tried to create that, but I failed with this error: $seconderror
} if $seconderror;
	$diemess .= qq{
Please make sure the directory exists and is writable.
};
	$CPAN::Frontend->mydie($diemess);
      }
    }
    my $fh;
    unless ($fh = FileHandle->new(">$lockfile")) {
	if ($! =~ /Permission/) {
	    my $incc = $INC{'CPAN/Config.pm'};
	    my $myincc = File::Spec->catfile($ENV{HOME},'.cpan','CPAN','MyConfig.pm');
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{

Your configuration suggests that CPAN.pm should use a working
directory of
    $CPAN::Config->{cpan_home}
Unfortunately we could not create the lock file
    $lockfile
due to permission problems.

Please make sure that the configuration variable
    \$CPAN::Config->{cpan_home}
points to a directory where you can write a .lock file. You can set
this variable in either
    $incc
or
    $myincc

});
	}
	$CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Could not open >$lockfile: $!");
    }
    $fh->print($$, "\n");
    $fh->print(hostname(), "\n");
    $self->{LOCK} = $lockfile;
    $fh->close;
    $SIG{TERM} = sub {
      &cleanup;
      $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Got SIGTERM, leaving");
    };
    $SIG{INT} = sub {
      # no blocks!!!
      &cleanup if $Signal;
      $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Got another SIGINT") if $Signal;
      print "Caught SIGINT\n";
      $Signal++;
    };

#       From: Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>
#       Subject: Re: deprecating SIGDIE
#       To: perl5-porters@perl.org
#       Date: Thu, 30 Sep 1999 14:58:40 -0700 (PDT)
#
#       The original intent of __DIE__ was only to allow you to substitute one
#       kind of death for another on an application-wide basis without respect
#       to whether you were in an eval or not.  As a global backstop, it should
#       not be used any more lightly (or any more heavily :-) than class
#       UNIVERSAL.  Any attempt to build a general exception model on it should
#       be politely squashed.  Any bug that causes every eval {} to have to be
#       modified should be not so politely squashed.
#
#       Those are my current opinions.  It is also my optinion that polite
#       arguments degenerate to personal arguments far too frequently, and that
#       when they do, it's because both people wanted it to, or at least didn't
#       sufficiently want it not to.
#
#       Larry

    # global backstop to cleanup if we should really die
    $SIG{__DIE__} = \&cleanup;
    $self->debug("Signal handler set.") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
}

#-> sub CPAN::DESTROY ;
sub DESTROY {
    &cleanup; # need an eval?
}

#-> sub CPAN::anycwd ;
sub anycwd () {
    my $getcwd;
    $getcwd = $CPAN::Config->{'getcwd'} || 'cwd';
    CPAN->$getcwd();
}

#-> sub CPAN::cwd ;
sub cwd {Cwd::cwd();}

#-> sub CPAN::getcwd ;
sub getcwd {Cwd::getcwd();}

#-> sub CPAN::exists ;
sub exists {
    my($mgr,$class,$id) = @_;
    CPAN::Config->load unless $CPAN::Config_loaded++;
    CPAN::Index->reload;
    ### Carp::croak "exists called without class argument" unless $class;
    $id ||= "";
    exists $META->{readonly}{$class}{$id} or
        exists $META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id}; # unsafe meta access, ok
}

#-> sub CPAN::delete ;
sub delete {
  my($mgr,$class,$id) = @_;
  delete $META->{readonly}{$class}{$id}; # unsafe meta access, ok
  delete $META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id}; # unsafe meta access, ok
}

#-> sub CPAN::has_usable
# has_inst is sometimes too optimistic, we should replace it with this
# has_usable whenever a case is given
sub has_usable {
    my($self,$mod,$message) = @_;
    return 1 if $HAS_USABLE->{$mod};
    my $has_inst = $self->has_inst($mod,$message);
    return unless $has_inst;
    my $usable;
    $usable = {
               LWP => [ # we frequently had "Can't locate object
                        # method "new" via package "LWP::UserAgent" at
                        # (eval 69) line 2006
                       sub {require LWP},
                       sub {require LWP::UserAgent},
                       sub {require HTTP::Request},
                       sub {require URI::URL},
                      ],
               Net::FTP => [
                            sub {require Net::FTP},
                            sub {require Net::Config},
                           ]
              };
    if ($usable->{$mod}) {
      for my $c (0..$#{$usable->{$mod}}) {
        my $code = $usable->{$mod}[$c];
        my $ret = eval { &$code() };
        if ($@) {
          warn "DEBUG: c[$c]\$\@[$@]ret[$ret]";
          return;
        }
      }
    }
    return $HAS_USABLE->{$mod} = 1;
}

#-> sub CPAN::has_inst
sub has_inst {
    my($self,$mod,$message) = @_;
    Carp::croak("CPAN->has_inst() called without an argument")
	unless defined $mod;
    if (defined $message && $message eq "no"
        ||
        exists $CPAN::META->{dontload_hash}{$mod} # unsafe meta access, ok
        ||
        exists $CPAN::Config->{dontload_hash}{$mod}
       ) {
      $CPAN::META->{dontload_hash}{$mod}||=1; # unsafe meta access, ok
      return 0;
    }
    my $file = $mod;
    my $obj;
    $file =~ s|::|/|g;
    $file =~ s|/|\\|g if $^O eq 'MSWin32';
    $file .= ".pm";
    if ($INC{$file}) {
	# checking %INC is wrong, because $INC{LWP} may be true
	# although $INC{"URI/URL.pm"} may have failed. But as
	# I really want to say "bla loaded OK", I have to somehow
	# cache results.
	### warn "$file in %INC"; #debug
	return 1;
    } elsif (eval { require $file }) {
	# eval is good: if we haven't yet read the database it's
	# perfect and if we have installed the module in the meantime,
	# it tries again. The second require is only a NOOP returning
	# 1 if we had success, otherwise it's retrying

	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("CPAN: $mod loaded ok\n");
	if ($mod eq "CPAN::WAIT") {
	    push @CPAN::Shell::ISA, CPAN::WAIT;
	}
	return 1;
    } elsif ($mod eq "Net::FTP") {
	$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
  Please, install Net::FTP as soon as possible. CPAN.pm installs it for you
  if you just type
      install Bundle::libnet

}) unless $Have_warned->{"Net::FTP"}++;
	sleep 3;
    } elsif ($mod eq "Digest::MD5"){
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
  CPAN: MD5 security checks disabled because Digest::MD5 not installed.
  Please consider installing the Digest::MD5 module.

});
	sleep 2;
    } else {
	delete $INC{$file}; # if it inc'd LWP but failed during, say, URI
    }
    return 0;
}

#-> sub CPAN::instance ;
sub instance {
    my($mgr,$class,$id) = @_;
    CPAN::Index->reload;
    $id ||= "";
    # unsafe meta access, ok?
    return $META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id} if exists $META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id};
    $META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id} ||= $class->new(ID => $id);
}

#-> sub CPAN::new ;
sub new {
    bless {}, shift;
}

#-> sub CPAN::cleanup ;
sub cleanup {
  # warn "cleanup called with arg[@_] End[$End] Signal[$Signal]";
  local $SIG{__DIE__} = '';
  my($message) = @_;
  my $i = 0;
  my $ineval = 0;
  my($subroutine);
  while ((undef,undef,undef,$subroutine) = caller(++$i)) {
      $ineval = 1, last if
	  $subroutine eq '(eval)';
  }
  return if $ineval && !$End;
  return unless defined $META->{LOCK};
  return unless -f $META->{LOCK};
  $META->savehist;
  unlink $META->{LOCK};
  # require Carp;
  # Carp::cluck("DEBUGGING");
  $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Lockfile removed.\n");
}

#-> sub CPAN::savehist
sub savehist {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($histfile,$histsize);
    unless ($histfile = $CPAN::Config->{'histfile'}){
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("No history written (no histfile specified).\n");
        return;
    }
    $histsize = $CPAN::Config->{'histsize'} || 100;
    if ($CPAN::term){
        unless ($CPAN::term->can("GetHistory")) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Terminal does not support GetHistory.\n");
            return;
        }
    } else {
        return;
    }
    my @h = $CPAN::term->GetHistory;
    splice @h, 0, @h-$histsize if @h>$histsize;
    my($fh) = FileHandle->new;
    open $fh, ">$histfile" or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Couldn't open >$histfile: $!");
    local $\ = local $, = "\n";
    print $fh @h;
    close $fh;
}

sub is_tested {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    $self->{is_tested}{$what} = 1;
}

sub is_installed {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    delete $self->{is_tested}{$what};
}

sub set_perl5lib {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->{is_tested} ||= {};
    return unless %{$self->{is_tested}};
    my $env = $ENV{PERL5LIB};
    $env = $ENV{PERLLIB} unless defined $env;
    my @env;
    push @env, $env if defined $env and length $env;
    my @dirs = map {("$_/blib/arch", "$_/blib/lib")} keys %{$self->{is_tested}};
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Prepending @dirs to PERL5LIB.\n");
    $ENV{PERL5LIB} = join $Config::Config{path_sep}, @dirs, @env;
}

package CPAN::CacheMgr;

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::as_string ;
sub as_string {
    eval { require Data::Dumper };
    if ($@) {
	return shift->SUPER::as_string;
    } else {
	return Data::Dumper::Dumper(shift);
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::cachesize ;
sub cachesize {
    shift->{DU};
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::tidyup ;
sub tidyup {
  my($self) = @_;
  return unless -d $self->{ID};
  while ($self->{DU} > $self->{'MAX'} ) {
    my($toremove) = shift @{$self->{FIFO}};
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf(
				     "Deleting from cache".
				     ": $toremove (%.1f>%.1f MB)\n",
				     $self->{DU}, $self->{'MAX'})
			    );
    return if $CPAN::Signal;
    $self->force_clean_cache($toremove);
    return if $CPAN::Signal;
  }
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::dir ;
sub dir {
    shift->{ID};
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::entries ;
sub entries {
    my($self,$dir) = @_;
    return unless defined $dir;
    $self->debug("reading dir[$dir]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $dir ||= $self->{ID};
    my($cwd) = CPAN::anycwd();
    chdir $dir or Carp::croak("Can't chdir to $dir: $!");
    my $dh = DirHandle->new(File::Spec->curdir)
        or Carp::croak("Couldn't opendir $dir: $!");
    my(@entries);
    for ($dh->read) {
	next if $_ eq "." || $_ eq "..";
	if (-f $_) {
	    push @entries, File::Spec->catfile($dir,$_);
	} elsif (-d _) {
	    push @entries, File::Spec->catdir($dir,$_);
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Warning: weird direntry in $dir: $_\n");
	}
    }
    chdir $cwd or Carp::croak("Can't chdir to $cwd: $!");
    sort { -M $b <=> -M $a} @entries;
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::disk_usage ;
sub disk_usage {
    my($self,$dir) = @_;
    return if exists $self->{SIZE}{$dir};
    return if $CPAN::Signal;
    my($Du) = 0;
    find(
	 sub {
	   $File::Find::prune++ if $CPAN::Signal;
	   return if -l $_;
	   if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
	     require Mac::Files;
	     my $cat  = Mac::Files::FSpGetCatInfo($_);
	     $Du += $cat->ioFlLgLen() + $cat->ioFlRLgLen() if $cat;
	   } else {
	     $Du += (-s _);
	   }
	 },
	 $dir
	);
    return if $CPAN::Signal;
    $self->{SIZE}{$dir} = $Du/1024/1024;
    push @{$self->{FIFO}}, $dir;
    $self->debug("measured $dir is $Du") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $self->{DU} += $Du/1024/1024;
    $self->{DU};
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::force_clean_cache ;
sub force_clean_cache {
    my($self,$dir) = @_;
    return unless -e $dir;
    $self->debug("have to rmtree $dir, will free $self->{SIZE}{$dir}")
	if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    File::Path::rmtree($dir);
    $self->{DU} -= $self->{SIZE}{$dir};
    delete $self->{SIZE}{$dir};
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::new ;
sub new {
    my $class = shift;
    my $time = time;
    my($debug,$t2);
    $debug = "";
    my $self = {
		ID => $CPAN::Config->{'build_dir'},
		MAX => $CPAN::Config->{'build_cache'},
		SCAN => $CPAN::Config->{'scan_cache'} || 'atstart',
		DU => 0
	       };
    File::Path::mkpath($self->{ID});
    my $dh = DirHandle->new($self->{ID});
    bless $self, $class;
    $self->scan_cache;
    $t2 = time;
    $debug .= "timing of CacheMgr->new: ".($t2 - $time);
    $time = $t2;
    CPAN->debug($debug) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $self;
}

#-> sub CPAN::CacheMgr::scan_cache ;
sub scan_cache {
    my $self = shift;
    return if $self->{SCAN} eq 'never';
    $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Unknown scan_cache argument: $self->{SCAN}")
	unless $self->{SCAN} eq 'atstart';
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
			     sprintf("Scanning cache %s for sizes\n",
				     $self->{ID}));
    my $e;
    for $e ($self->entries($self->{ID})) {
	next if $e eq ".." || $e eq ".";
	$self->disk_usage($e);
	return if $CPAN::Signal;
    }
    $self->tidyup;
}

package CPAN::Debug;

#-> sub CPAN::Debug::debug ;
sub debug {
    my($self,$arg) = @_;
    my($caller,$func,$line,@rest) = caller(1); # caller(0) eg
                                               # Complete, caller(1)
                                               # eg readline
    ($caller) = caller(0);
    $caller =~ s/.*:://;
    $arg = "" unless defined $arg;
    my $rest = join "|", map { defined $_ ? $_ : "UNDEF" } @rest;
    if ($CPAN::DEBUG{$caller} & $CPAN::DEBUG){
	if ($arg and ref $arg) {
	    eval { require Data::Dumper };
	    if ($@) {
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint($arg->as_string);
	    } else {
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(Data::Dumper::Dumper($arg));
	    }
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Debug($caller:$func,$line,[$rest]): $arg\n");
	}
    }
}

package CPAN::Config;

#-> sub CPAN::Config::edit ;
# returns true on successful action
sub edit {
    my($self,@args) = @_;
    return unless @args;
    CPAN->debug("self[$self]args[".join(" | ",@args)."]");
    my($o,$str,$func,$args,$key_exists);
    $o = shift @args;
    if($can{$o}) {
	$self->$o(@args);
	return 1;
    } else {
        CPAN->debug("o[$o]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	if ($o =~ /list$/) {
	    $func = shift @args;
	    $func ||= "";
            CPAN->debug("func[$func]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            my $changed;
	    # Let's avoid eval, it's easier to comprehend without.
	    if ($func eq "push") {
		push @{$CPAN::Config->{$o}}, @args;
                $changed = 1;
	    } elsif ($func eq "pop") {
		pop @{$CPAN::Config->{$o}};
                $changed = 1;
	    } elsif ($func eq "shift") {
		shift @{$CPAN::Config->{$o}};
                $changed = 1;
	    } elsif ($func eq "unshift") {
		unshift @{$CPAN::Config->{$o}}, @args;
                $changed = 1;
	    } elsif ($func eq "splice") {
		splice @{$CPAN::Config->{$o}}, @args;
                $changed = 1;
	    } elsif (@args) {
		$CPAN::Config->{$o} = [@args];
                $changed = 1;
	    } else {
                $self->prettyprint($o);
	    }
            if ($o eq "urllist" && $changed) {
                # reset the cached values
                undef $CPAN::FTP::Thesite;
                undef $CPAN::FTP::Themethod;
            }
            return $changed;
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Config->{$o} = $args[0] if defined $args[0];
	    $self->prettyprint($o);
	}
    }
}

sub prettyprint {
  my($self,$k) = @_;
  my $v = $CPAN::Config->{$k};
  if (ref $v) {
    my(@report) = ref $v eq "ARRAY" ?
        @$v :
            map { sprintf("   %-18s => %s\n",
                          $_,
                          defined $v->{$_} ? $v->{$_} : "UNDEFINED"
                         )} keys %$v;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
                             join(
                                  "",
                                  sprintf(
                                          "    %-18s\n",
                                          $k
                                         ),
                                  map {"\t$_\n"} @report
                                 )
                            );
  } elsif (defined $v) {
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "    %-18s %s\n", $k, $v);
  } else {
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "    %-18s %s\n", $k, "UNDEFINED");
  }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::commit ;
sub commit {
    my($self,$configpm) = @_;
    unless (defined $configpm){
	$configpm ||= $INC{"CPAN/MyConfig.pm"};
	$configpm ||= $INC{"CPAN/Config.pm"};
	$configpm || Carp::confess(q{
CPAN::Config::commit called without an argument.
Please specify a filename where to save the configuration or try
"o conf init" to have an interactive course through configing.
});
    }
    my($mode);
    if (-f $configpm) {
	$mode = (stat $configpm)[2];
	if ($mode && ! -w _) {
	    Carp::confess("$configpm is not writable");
	}
    }

    my $msg;
    $msg = <<EOF unless $configpm =~ /MyConfig/;

# This is CPAN.pm's systemwide configuration file. This file provides
# defaults for users, and the values can be changed in a per-user
# configuration file. The user-config file is being looked for as
# ~/.cpan/CPAN/MyConfig.pm.

EOF
    $msg ||= "\n";
    my($fh) = FileHandle->new;
    rename $configpm, "$configpm~" if -f $configpm;
    open $fh, ">$configpm" or
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Couldn't open >$configpm: $!");
    $fh->print(qq[$msg\$CPAN::Config = \{\n]);
    foreach (sort keys %$CPAN::Config) {
	$fh->print(
		   "  '$_' => ",
		   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::neatvalue($CPAN::Config->{$_}),
		   ",\n"
		  );
    }

    $fh->print("};\n1;\n__END__\n");
    close $fh;

    #$mode = 0444 | ( $mode & 0111 ? 0111 : 0 );
    #chmod $mode, $configpm;
###why was that so?    $self->defaults;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("commit: wrote $configpm\n");
    1;
}

*default = \&defaults;
#-> sub CPAN::Config::defaults ;
sub defaults {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->unload;
    $self->load;
    1;
}

sub init {
    my($self) = @_;
    undef $CPAN::Config->{'inhibit_startup_message'}; # lazy trick to
                                                      # have the least
                                                      # important
                                                      # variable
                                                      # undefined
    $self->load;
    1;
}

# This is a piece of repeated code that is abstracted here for
# maintainability.  RMB
#
sub _configpmtest {
    my($configpmdir, $configpmtest) = @_; 
    if (-w $configpmtest) {
        return $configpmtest;
    } elsif (-w $configpmdir) {
        #_#_# following code dumped core on me with 5.003_11, a.k.
        my $configpm_bak = "$configpmtest.bak";
        unlink $configpm_bak if -f $configpm_bak;
        if( -f $configpmtest ) {	
            if( rename $configpmtest, $configpm_bak ) {  
                $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(<<END)
Old configuration file $configpmtest
    moved to $configpm_bak
END
	    }
	}	
	my $fh = FileHandle->new;
	if ($fh->open(">$configpmtest")) {
	    $fh->print("1;\n");
	    return $configpmtest;
	} else {
	    # Should never happen
	    Carp::confess("Cannot open >$configpmtest");
	}
    } else { return } 
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::load ;
sub load {
    my($self) = shift;
    my(@miss);
    use Carp;
    eval {require CPAN::Config;};       # We eval because of some
                                        # MakeMaker problems
    unless ($dot_cpan++){
      unshift @INC, File::Spec->catdir($ENV{HOME},".cpan");
      eval {require CPAN::MyConfig;};   # where you can override
                                        # system wide settings
      shift @INC;
    }
    return unless @miss = $self->missing_config_data;

    require CPAN::FirstTime;
    my($configpm,$fh,$redo,$theycalled);
    $redo ||= "";
    $theycalled++ if @miss==1 && $miss[0] eq 'inhibit_startup_message';
    if (defined $INC{"CPAN/Config.pm"} && -w $INC{"CPAN/Config.pm"}) {
	$configpm = $INC{"CPAN/Config.pm"};
	$redo++;
    } elsif (defined $INC{"CPAN/MyConfig.pm"} && -w $INC{"CPAN/MyConfig.pm"}) {
	$configpm = $INC{"CPAN/MyConfig.pm"};
	$redo++;
    } else {
	my($path_to_cpan) = File::Basename::dirname($INC{"CPAN.pm"});
	my($configpmdir) = File::Spec->catdir($path_to_cpan,"CPAN");
	my($configpmtest) = File::Spec->catfile($configpmdir,"Config.pm");
	if (-d $configpmdir or File::Path::mkpath($configpmdir)) {
	    $configpm = _configpmtest($configpmdir,$configpmtest); 
	}
	unless ($configpm) {
	    $configpmdir = File::Spec->catdir($ENV{HOME},".cpan","CPAN");
	    File::Path::mkpath($configpmdir);
	    $configpmtest = File::Spec->catfile($configpmdir,"MyConfig.pm");
	    $configpm = _configpmtest($configpmdir,$configpmtest); 
	    unless ($configpm) {
		Carp::confess(qq{WARNING: CPAN.pm is unable to }.
			      qq{create a configuration file.});
	    }
	}
    }
    local($") = ", ";
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(<<END) if $redo && ! $theycalled;
We have to reconfigure CPAN.pm due to following uninitialized parameters:

@miss
END
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
$configpm initialized.
});
    sleep 2;
    CPAN::FirstTime::init($configpm);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::missing_config_data ;
sub missing_config_data {
    my(@miss);
    for (
         "cpan_home", "keep_source_where", "build_dir", "build_cache",
         "scan_cache", "index_expire", "gzip", "tar", "unzip", "make",
         "pager",
         "makepl_arg", "make_arg", "make_install_arg", "urllist",
         "inhibit_startup_message", "ftp_proxy", "http_proxy", "no_proxy",
         "prerequisites_policy",
         "cache_metadata",
        ) {
	push @miss, $_ unless defined $CPAN::Config->{$_};
    }
    return @miss;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::unload ;
sub unload {
    delete $INC{'CPAN/MyConfig.pm'};
    delete $INC{'CPAN/Config.pm'};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::help ;
sub help {
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(q[
Known options:
  defaults  reload default config values from disk
  commit    commit session changes to disk
  init      go through a dialog to set all parameters

You may edit key values in the follow fashion (the "o" is a literal
letter o):

  o conf build_cache 15

  o conf build_dir "/foo/bar"

  o conf urllist shift

  o conf urllist unshift ftp://ftp.foo.bar/

]);
    undef; #don't reprint CPAN::Config
}

#-> sub CPAN::Config::cpl ;
sub cpl {
    my($word,$line,$pos) = @_;
    $word ||= "";
    CPAN->debug("word[$word] line[$line] pos[$pos]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my(@words) = split " ", substr($line,0,$pos+1);
    if (
	defined($words[2])
	and
	(
	 $words[2] =~ /list$/ && @words == 3
	 ||
	 $words[2] =~ /list$/ && @words == 4 && length($word)
	)
       ) {
	return grep /^\Q$word\E/, qw(splice shift unshift pop push);
    } elsif (@words >= 4) {
	return ();
    }
    my(@o_conf) = (keys %CPAN::Config::can, keys %$CPAN::Config);
    return grep /^\Q$word\E/, @o_conf;
}

package CPAN::Shell;

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::h ;
sub h {
    my($class,$about) = @_;
    if (defined $about) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Detailed help not yet implemented\n");
    } else {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(q{
Display Information
 command  argument          description
 a,b,d,m  WORD or /REGEXP/  about authors, bundles, distributions, modules
 i        WORD or /REGEXP/  about anything of above
 r        NONE              reinstall recommendations
 ls       AUTHOR            about files in the author's directory

Download, Test, Make, Install...
 get                        download
 make                       make (implies get)
 test      MODULES,         make test (implies make)
 install   DISTS, BUNDLES   make install (implies test)
 clean                      make clean
 look                       open subshell in these dists' directories
 readme                     display these dists' README files

Other
 h,?           display this menu       ! perl-code   eval a perl command
 o conf [opt]  set and query options   q             quit the cpan shell
 reload cpan   load CPAN.pm again      reload index  load newer indices
 autobundle    Snapshot                force cmd     unconditionally do cmd});
    }
}

*help = \&h;

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::a ;
sub a {
  my($self,@arg) = @_;
  # authors are always UPPERCASE
  for (@arg) {
    $_ = uc $_ unless /=/;
  }
  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint($self->format_result('Author',@arg));
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::ls ;
sub ls      {
    my($self,@arg) = @_;
    my @accept;
    for (@arg) {
        unless (/^[A-Z\-]+$/i) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("ls command rejects argument $_: not an author\n");
            next;
        }
        push @accept, uc $_;
    }
    for my $a (@accept){
        my $author = $self->expand('Author',$a) or die "No author found for $a";
        $author->ls;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::local_bundles ;
sub local_bundles {
    my($self,@which) = @_;
    my($incdir,$bdir,$dh);
    foreach $incdir ($CPAN::Config->{'cpan_home'},@INC) {
        my @bbase = "Bundle";
        while (my $bbase = shift @bbase) {
            $bdir = File::Spec->catdir($incdir,split /::/, $bbase);
            CPAN->debug("bdir[$bdir]\@bbase[@bbase]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            if ($dh = DirHandle->new($bdir)) { # may fail
                my($entry);
                for $entry ($dh->read) {
                    next if $entry =~ /^\./;
                    if (-d File::Spec->catdir($bdir,$entry)){
                        push @bbase, "$bbase\::$entry";
                    } else {
                        next unless $entry =~ s/\.pm(?!\n)\Z//;
                        $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Bundle',"$bbase\::$entry");
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::b ;
sub b {
    my($self,@which) = @_;
    CPAN->debug("which[@which]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $self->local_bundles;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint($self->format_result('Bundle',@which));
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::d ;
sub d { $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(shift->format_result('Distribution',@_));}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::m ;
sub m { # emacs confused here }; sub mimimimimi { # emacs in sync here
    my $self = shift;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint($self->format_result('Module',@_));
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::i ;
sub i {
    my($self) = shift;
    my(@args) = @_;
    my(@type,$type,@m);
    @type = qw/Author Bundle Distribution Module/;
    @args = '/./' unless @args;
    my(@result);
    for $type (@type) {
	push @result, $self->expand($type,@args);
    }
    my $result = @result == 1 ?
	$result[0]->as_string :
            @result == 0 ?
                "No objects found of any type for argument @args\n" :
                    join("",
                         (map {$_->as_glimpse} @result),
                         scalar @result, " items found\n",
                        );
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint($result);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::o ;

# CPAN::Shell::o and CPAN::Config::edit are closely related. 'o conf'
# should have been called set and 'o debug' maybe 'set debug'
sub o {
    my($self,$o_type,@o_what) = @_;
    $o_type ||= "";
    CPAN->debug("o_type[$o_type] o_what[".join(" | ",@o_what)."]\n");
    if ($o_type eq 'conf') {
	shift @o_what if @o_what && $o_what[0] eq 'help';
	if (!@o_what) { # print all things, "o conf"
	    my($k,$v);
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("CPAN::Config options");
	    if (exists $INC{'CPAN/Config.pm'}) {
	      $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(" from $INC{'CPAN/Config.pm'}");
	    }
	    if (exists $INC{'CPAN/MyConfig.pm'}) {
	      $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(" and $INC{'CPAN/MyConfig.pm'}");
	    }
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(":\n");
	    for $k (sort keys %CPAN::Config::can) {
		$v = $CPAN::Config::can{$k};
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "    %-18s %s\n", $k, $v);
	    }
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	    for $k (sort keys %$CPAN::Config) {
                CPAN::Config->prettyprint($k);
	    }
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	} elsif (!CPAN::Config->edit(@o_what)) {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Type 'o conf' to view configuration }.
                                     qq{edit options\n\n});
	}
    } elsif ($o_type eq 'debug') {
	my(%valid);
	@o_what = () if defined $o_what[0] && $o_what[0] =~ /help/i;
	if (@o_what) {
	    while (@o_what) {
		my($what) = shift @o_what;
                if ($what =~ s/^-// && exists $CPAN::DEBUG{$what}) {
                    $CPAN::DEBUG &= $CPAN::DEBUG ^ $CPAN::DEBUG{$what};
                    next;
                }
		if ( exists $CPAN::DEBUG{$what} ) {
		    $CPAN::DEBUG |= $CPAN::DEBUG{$what};
		} elsif ($what =~ /^\d/) {
		    $CPAN::DEBUG = $what;
		} elsif (lc $what eq 'all') {
		    my($max) = 0;
		    for (values %CPAN::DEBUG) {
			$max += $_;
		    }
		    $CPAN::DEBUG = $max;
		} else {
		    my($known) = 0;
		    for (keys %CPAN::DEBUG) {
			next unless lc($_) eq lc($what);
			$CPAN::DEBUG |= $CPAN::DEBUG{$_};
			$known = 1;
		    }
		    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("unknown argument [$what]\n")
			unless $known;
		}
	    }
	} else {
	  my $raw = "Valid options for debug are ".
	      join(", ",sort(keys %CPAN::DEBUG), 'all').
		  qq{ or a number. Completion works on the options. }.
		      qq{Case is ignored.};
	  require Text::Wrap;
	  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(Text::Wrap::fill("","",$raw));
	  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n\n");
	}
	if ($CPAN::DEBUG) {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Options set for debugging:\n");
	    my($k,$v);
	    for $k (sort {$CPAN::DEBUG{$a} <=> $CPAN::DEBUG{$b}} keys %CPAN::DEBUG) {
		$v = $CPAN::DEBUG{$k};
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "    %-14s(%s)\n", $k, $v)
                    if $v & $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    }
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Debugging turned off completely.\n");
	}
    } else {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Known options:
  conf    set or get configuration variables
  debug   set or get debugging options
});
    }
}

sub paintdots_onreload {
    my($ref) = shift;
    sub {
	if ( $_[0] =~ /[Ss]ubroutine ([\w:]+) redefined/ ) {
	    my($subr) = $1;
	    ++$$ref;
	    local($|) = 1;
	    # $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(".($subr)");
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(".");
	    return;
	}
	warn @_;
    };
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::reload ;
sub reload {
    my($self,$command,@arg) = @_;
    $command ||= "";
    $self->debug("self[$self]command[$command]arg[@arg]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    if ($command =~ /cpan/i) {
        for my $f (qw(CPAN.pm CPAN/FirstTime.pm)) {
            next unless $INC{$f};
            CPAN->debug("reloading the whole $f") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            my $fh = FileHandle->new($INC{$f});
            local($/);
            my $redef = 0;
            local($SIG{__WARN__}) = paintdots_onreload(\$redef);
            eval <$fh>;
            warn $@ if $@;
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n$redef subroutines redefined\n");
        }
    } elsif ($command =~ /index/) {
      CPAN::Index->force_reload;
    } else {
      $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{cpan     re-evals the CPAN.pm file
index    re-reads the index files\n});
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::_binary_extensions ;
sub _binary_extensions {
    my($self) = shift @_;
    my(@result,$module,%seen,%need,$headerdone);
    for $module ($self->expand('Module','/./')) {
	my $file  = $module->cpan_file;
	next if $file eq "N/A";
	next if $file =~ /^Contact Author/;
        my $dist = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$file);
	next if $dist->isa_perl;
	next unless $module->xs_file;
	local($|) = 1;
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(".");
	push @result, $module;
    }
#    print join " | ", @result;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
    return @result;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::recompile ;
sub recompile {
    my($self) = shift @_;
    my($module,@module,$cpan_file,%dist);
    @module = $self->_binary_extensions();
    for $module (@module){  # we force now and compile later, so we
                            # don't do it twice
	$cpan_file = $module->cpan_file;
	my $pack = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$cpan_file);
	$pack->force;
	$dist{$cpan_file}++;
    }
    for $cpan_file (sort keys %dist) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  CPAN: Recompiling $cpan_file\n\n");
	my $pack = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$cpan_file);
	$pack->install;
	$CPAN::Signal = 0; # it's tempting to reset Signal, so we can
                           # stop a package from recompiling,
                           # e.g. IO-1.12 when we have perl5.003_10
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::_u_r_common ;
sub _u_r_common {
    my($self) = shift @_;
    my($what) = shift @_;
    CPAN->debug("self[$self] what[$what] args[@_]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    Carp::croak "Usage: \$obj->_u_r_common(a|r|u)" unless
          $what && $what =~ /^[aru]$/;
    my(@args) = @_;
    @args = '/./' unless @args;
    my(@result,$module,%seen,%need,$headerdone,
       $version_undefs,$version_zeroes);
    $version_undefs = $version_zeroes = 0;
    my $sprintf = "%s%-25s%s %9s %9s  %s\n";
    my @expand = $self->expand('Module',@args);
    my $expand = scalar @expand;
    if (0) { # Looks like noise to me, was very useful for debugging
             # for metadata cache
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "%d matches in the database\n", $expand);
    }
    for $module (@expand) {
	my $file  = $module->cpan_file;
	next unless defined $file; # ??
	my($latest) = $module->cpan_version;
	my($inst_file) = $module->inst_file;
	my($have);
	return if $CPAN::Signal;
	if ($inst_file){
	    if ($what eq "a") {
		$have = $module->inst_version;
	    } elsif ($what eq "r") {
		$have = $module->inst_version;
		local($^W) = 0;
		if ($have eq "undef"){
		    $version_undefs++;
		} elsif ($have == 0){
		    $version_zeroes++;
		}
		next unless CPAN::Version->vgt($latest, $have);
# to be pedantic we should probably say:
#    && !($have eq "undef" && $latest ne "undef" && $latest gt "");
# to catch the case where CPAN has a version 0 and we have a version undef
	    } elsif ($what eq "u") {
		next;
	    }
	} else {
	    if ($what eq "a") {
		next;
	    } elsif ($what eq "r") {
		next;
	    } elsif ($what eq "u") {
		$have = "-";
	    }
	}
	return if $CPAN::Signal; # this is sometimes lengthy
	$seen{$file} ||= 0;
	if ($what eq "a") {
	    push @result, sprintf "%s %s\n", $module->id, $have;
	} elsif ($what eq "r") {
	    push @result, $module->id;
	    next if $seen{$file}++;
	} elsif ($what eq "u") {
	    push @result, $module->id;
	    next if $seen{$file}++;
	    next if $file =~ /^Contact/;
	}
	unless ($headerdone++){
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf(
                                             $sprintf,
                                             "",
                                             "Package namespace",
                                             "",
                                             "installed",
                                             "latest",
                                             "in CPAN file"
                                            ));
	}
        my $color_on = "";
        my $color_off = "";
        if (
            $COLOR_REGISTERED
            &&
            $CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ANSIColor")
            &&
            $module->{RO}{description}
           ) {
            $color_on = Term::ANSIColor::color("green");
            $color_off = Term::ANSIColor::color("reset");
        }
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf $sprintf,
                                 $color_on,
                                 $module->id,
                                 $color_off,
                                 $have,
                                 $latest,
                                 $file);
	$need{$module->id}++;
    }
    unless (%need) {
	if ($what eq "u") {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("No modules found for @args\n");
	} elsif ($what eq "r") {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("All modules are up to date for @args\n");
	}
    }
    if ($what eq "r") {
	if ($version_zeroes) {
	    my $s_has = $version_zeroes > 1 ? "s have" : " has";
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{$version_zeroes installed module$s_has }.
		qq{a version number of 0\n});
	}
	if ($version_undefs) {
	    my $s_has = $version_undefs > 1 ? "s have" : " has";
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{$version_undefs installed module$s_has no }.
		qq{parseable version number\n});
	}
    }
    @result;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::r ;
sub r {
    shift->_u_r_common("r",@_);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::u ;
sub u {
    shift->_u_r_common("u",@_);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::autobundle ;
sub autobundle {
    my($self) = shift;
    CPAN::Config->load unless $CPAN::Config_loaded++;
    my(@bundle) = $self->_u_r_common("a",@_);
    my($todir) = File::Spec->catdir($CPAN::Config->{'cpan_home'},"Bundle");
    File::Path::mkpath($todir);
    unless (-d $todir) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Couldn't mkdir $todir for some reason\n");
	return;
    }
    my($y,$m,$d) =  (localtime)[5,4,3];
    $y+=1900;
    $m++;
    my($c) = 0;
    my($me) = sprintf "Snapshot_%04d_%02d_%02d_%02d", $y, $m, $d, $c;
    my($to) = File::Spec->catfile($todir,"$me.pm");
    while (-f $to) {
	$me = sprintf "Snapshot_%04d_%02d_%02d_%02d", $y, $m, $d, ++$c;
	$to = File::Spec->catfile($todir,"$me.pm");
    }
    my($fh) = FileHandle->new(">$to") or Carp::croak "Can't open >$to: $!";
    $fh->print(
	       "package Bundle::$me;\n\n",
	       "\$VERSION = '0.01';\n\n",
	       "1;\n\n",
	       "__END__\n\n",
	       "=head1 NAME\n\n",
	       "Bundle::$me - Snapshot of installation on ",
	       $Config::Config{'myhostname'},
	       " on ",
	       scalar(localtime),
	       "\n\n=head1 SYNOPSIS\n\n",
	       "perl -MCPAN -e 'install Bundle::$me'\n\n",
	       "=head1 CONTENTS\n\n",
	       join("\n", @bundle),
	       "\n\n=head1 CONFIGURATION\n\n",
	       Config->myconfig,
	       "\n\n=head1 AUTHOR\n\n",
	       "This Bundle has been generated automatically ",
	       "by the autobundle routine in CPAN.pm.\n",
	      );
    $fh->close;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\nWrote bundle file
    $to\n\n");
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::expandany ;
sub expandany {
    my($self,$s) = @_;
    CPAN->debug("s[$s]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    if ($s =~ m|/|) { # looks like a file
        $s = CPAN::Distribution->normalize($s);
        return $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$s);
        # Distributions spring into existence, not expand
    } elsif ($s =~ m|^Bundle::|) {
        $self->local_bundles; # scanning so late for bundles seems
                              # both attractive and crumpy: always
                              # current state but easy to forget
                              # somewhere
        return $self->expand('Bundle',$s);
    } else {
        return $self->expand('Module',$s)
            if $CPAN::META->exists('CPAN::Module',$s);
    }
    return;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::expand ;
sub expand {
    shift;
    my($type,@args) = @_;
    my($arg,@m);
    CPAN->debug("type[$type]args[@args]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    for $arg (@args) {
	my($regex,$command);
	if ($arg =~ m|^/(.*)/$|) {
	    $regex = $1;
	} elsif ($arg =~ m/=/) {
            $command = 1;
        }
	my $class = "CPAN::$type";
	my $obj;
        CPAN->debug(sprintf "class[%s]regex[%s]command[%s]",
                    $class,
                    defined $regex ? $regex : "UNDEFINED",
                    $command || "UNDEFINED",
                   ) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	if (defined $regex) {
            for $obj (
                      sort
                      {$a->id cmp $b->id}
                      $CPAN::META->all_objects($class)
                     ) {
                unless ($obj->id){
                    # BUG, we got an empty object somewhere
                    require Data::Dumper;
                    CPAN->debug(sprintf(
                                        "Bug in CPAN: Empty id on obj[%s][%s]",
                                        $obj,
                                        Data::Dumper::Dumper($obj)
                                       )) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
                    next;
                }
                push @m, $obj
                    if $obj->id =~ /$regex/i
                        or
                            (
                             (
                              $] < 5.00303 ### provide sort of
                              ### compatibility with 5.003
                              ||
                              $obj->can('name')
                             )
                             &&
                             $obj->name  =~ /$regex/i
                            );
            }
        } elsif ($command) {
            die "equal sign in command disabled (immature interface), ".
                "you can set
 ! \$CPAN::Shell::ADVANCED_QUERY=1
to enable it. But please note, this is HIGHLY EXPERIMENTAL code
that may go away anytime.\n"
                    unless $ADVANCED_QUERY;
            my($method,$criterion) = $arg =~ /(.+?)=(.+)/;
            my($matchcrit) = $criterion =~ m/^~(.+)/;
            for my $self (
                          sort
                          {$a->id cmp $b->id}
                          $CPAN::META->all_objects($class)
                         ) {
                my $lhs = $self->$method() or next; # () for 5.00503
                if ($matchcrit) {
                    push @m, $self if $lhs =~ m/$matchcrit/;
                } else {
                    push @m, $self if $lhs eq $criterion;
                }
            }
	} else {
	    my($xarg) = $arg;
	    if ( $type eq 'Bundle' ) {
		$xarg =~ s/^(Bundle::)?(.*)/Bundle::$2/;
	    } elsif ($type eq "Distribution") {
                $xarg = CPAN::Distribution->normalize($arg);
            }
	    if ($CPAN::META->exists($class,$xarg)) {
		$obj = $CPAN::META->instance($class,$xarg);
	    } elsif ($CPAN::META->exists($class,$arg)) {
		$obj = $CPAN::META->instance($class,$arg);
	    } else {
		next;
	    }
	    push @m, $obj;
	}
    }
    return wantarray ? @m : $m[0];
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::format_result ;
sub format_result {
    my($self) = shift;
    my($type,@args) = @_;
    @args = '/./' unless @args;
    my(@result) = $self->expand($type,@args);
    my $result = @result == 1 ?
	$result[0]->as_string :
            @result == 0 ?
                "No objects of type $type found for argument @args\n" :
                    join("",
                         (map {$_->as_glimpse} @result),
                         scalar @result, " items found\n",
                        );
    $result;
}

# The only reason for this method is currently to have a reliable
# debugging utility that reveals which output is going through which
# channel. No, I don't like the colors ;-)

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::print_ornameted ;
sub print_ornamented {
    my($self,$what,$ornament) = @_;
    my $longest = 0;
    return unless defined $what;

    if ($CPAN::Config->{term_is_latin}){
        # courtesy jhi:
        $what
            =~ s{([\xC0-\xDF])([\x80-\xBF])}{chr(ord($1)<<6&0xC0|ord($2)&0x3F)}eg; #};
    }
    if ($PRINT_ORNAMENTING) {
	unless (defined &color) {
	    if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ANSIColor")) {
		import Term::ANSIColor "color";
	    } else {
		*color = sub { return "" };
	    }
	}
	my $line;
	for $line (split /\n/, $what) {
	    $longest = length($line) if length($line) > $longest;
	}
	my $sprintf = "%-" . $longest . "s";
	while ($what){
	    $what =~ s/(.*\n?)//m;
	    my $line = $1;
	    last unless $line;
	    my($nl) = chomp $line ? "\n" : "";
	    #	print "line[$line]ornament[$ornament]sprintf[$sprintf]\n";
	    print color($ornament), sprintf($sprintf,$line), color("reset"), $nl;
	}
    } else {
        # chomp $what;
        # $what .= "\n"; # newlines unless $PRINT_ORNAMENTING
	print $what;
    }
}

sub myprint {
    my($self,$what) = @_;

    $self->print_ornamented($what, 'bold blue on_yellow');
}

sub myexit {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    $self->myprint($what);
    exit;
}

sub mywarn {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    $self->print_ornamented($what, 'bold red on_yellow');
}

sub myconfess {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    $self->print_ornamented($what, 'bold red on_white');
    Carp::confess "died";
}

sub mydie {
    my($self,$what) = @_;
    $self->print_ornamented($what, 'bold red on_white');
    die "\n";
}

sub setup_output {
    return if -t STDOUT;
    my $odef = select STDERR;
    $| = 1;
    select STDOUT;
    $| = 1;
    select $odef;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::rematein ;
# RE-adme||MA-ke||TE-st||IN-stall
sub rematein {
    shift;
    my($meth,@some) = @_;
    my $pragma = "";
    if ($meth eq 'force') {
	$pragma = $meth;
	$meth = shift @some;
    }
    setup_output();
    CPAN->debug("pragma[$pragma]meth[$meth] some[@some]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    # Here is the place to set "test_count" on all involved parties to
    # 0. We then can pass this counter on to the involved
    # distributions and those can refuse to test if test_count > X. In
    # the first stab at it we could use a 1 for "X".

    # But when do I reset the distributions to start with 0 again?
    # Jost suggested to have a random or cycling interaction ID that
    # we pass through. But the ID is something that is just left lying
    # around in addition to the counter, so I'd prefer to set the
    # counter to 0 now, and repeat at the end of the loop. But what
    # about dependencies? They appear later and are not reset, they
    # enter the queue but not its copy. How do they get a sensible
    # test_count?

    # construct the queue
    my($s,@s,@qcopy);
    foreach $s (@some) {
	my $obj;
	if (ref $s) {
            CPAN->debug("s is an object[$s]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    $obj = $s;
	} elsif ($s =~ m|^/|) { # looks like a regexp
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Sorry, $meth with a regular expression is ".
                                    "not supported\n");
            sleep 2;
            next;
	} else {
            CPAN->debug("calling expandany [$s]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($s);
	}
	if (ref $obj) {
            $obj->color_cmd_tmps(0,1);
            CPAN::Queue->new($obj->id);
            push @qcopy, $obj;
	} elsif ($CPAN::META->exists('CPAN::Author',$s)) {
	    $obj = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Author',$s);
            if ($meth =~ /^(dump|ls)$/) {
                $obj->$meth();
            } else {
                $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
                                         join "",
                                         "Don't be silly, you can't $meth ",
                                         $obj->fullname,
                                         " ;-)\n"
                                        );
                sleep 2;
            }
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend
		->myprint(qq{Warning: Cannot $meth $s, }.
			  qq{don\'t know what it is.
Try the command

    i /$s/

to find objects with matching identifiers.
});
            sleep 2;
	}
    }

    # queuerunner (please be warned: when I started to change the
    # queue to hold objects instead of names, I made one or two
    # mistakes and never found which. I reverted back instead)
    while ($s = CPAN::Queue->first) {
        my $obj;
	if (ref $s) {
	    $obj = $s; # I do not believe, we would survive if this happened
	} else {
	    $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($s);
	}
        if ($pragma
            &&
            ($] < 5.00303 || $obj->can($pragma))){
            ### compatibility with 5.003
            $obj->$pragma($meth); # the pragma "force" in
                                  # "CPAN::Distribution" must know
                                  # what we are intending
        }
        if ($]>=5.00303 && $obj->can('called_for')) {
            $obj->called_for($s);
        }
        CPAN->debug(
                    qq{pragma[$pragma]meth[$meth]obj[$obj]as_string\[}.
                    $obj->as_string.
                    qq{\]}
                   ) if $CPAN::DEBUG;

        if ($obj->$meth()){
            CPAN::Queue->delete($s);
        } else {
            CPAN->debug("failed");
        }

        $obj->undelay;
	CPAN::Queue->delete_first($s);
    }
    for my $obj (@qcopy) {
        $obj->color_cmd_tmps(0,0);
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Shell::dump ;
sub dump    { shift->rematein('dump',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::force ;
sub force   { shift->rematein('force',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::get ;
sub get     { shift->rematein('get',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::readme ;
sub readme  { shift->rematein('readme',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::make ;
sub make    { shift->rematein('make',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::test ;
sub test    { shift->rematein('test',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::install ;
sub install { shift->rematein('install',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::clean ;
sub clean   { shift->rematein('clean',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::look ;
sub look   { shift->rematein('look',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Shell::cvs_import ;
sub cvs_import   { shift->rematein('cvs_import',@_); }

package CPAN::LWP::UserAgent;

sub config {
    return if $SETUPDONE;
    if ($CPAN::META->has_usable('LWP::UserAgent')) {
        require LWP::UserAgent;
        @ISA = qw(Exporter LWP::UserAgent);
        $SETUPDONE++;
    } else {
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("LWP::UserAgent not available\n");
    }
}

sub get_basic_credentials {
    my($self, $realm, $uri, $proxy) = @_;
    return unless $proxy;
    if ($USER && $PASSWD) {
    } elsif (defined $CPAN::Config->{proxy_user} &&
        defined $CPAN::Config->{proxy_pass}) {
        $USER = $CPAN::Config->{proxy_user};
        $PASSWD = $CPAN::Config->{proxy_pass};
    } else {
        require ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
        ExtUtils::MakeMaker->import(qw(prompt));
        $USER = prompt("Proxy authentication needed!
 (Note: to permanently configure username and password run
   o conf proxy_user your_username
   o conf proxy_pass your_password
 )\nUsername:");
        if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ReadKey")) {
            Term::ReadKey::ReadMode("noecho");
        } else {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Warning: Term::ReadKey seems not to be available, your password will be echoed to the terminal!\n");
        }
        $PASSWD = prompt("Password:");
        if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ReadKey")) {
            Term::ReadKey::ReadMode("restore");
        }
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n\n");
    }
    return($USER,$PASSWD);
}

sub mirror {
    my($self,$url,$aslocal) = @_;
    my $result = $self->SUPER::mirror($url,$aslocal);
    if ($result->code == 407) {
        undef $USER;
        undef $PASSWD;
        $result = $self->SUPER::mirror($url,$aslocal);
    }
    $result;
}

package CPAN::FTP;

#-> sub CPAN::FTP::ftp_get ;
sub ftp_get {
  my($class,$host,$dir,$file,$target) = @_;
  $class->debug(
		qq[Going to fetch file [$file] from dir [$dir]
	on host [$host] as local [$target]\n]
		      ) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
  my $ftp = Net::FTP->new($host);
  return 0 unless defined $ftp;
  $ftp->debug(1) if $CPAN::DEBUG{'FTP'} & $CPAN::DEBUG;
  $class->debug(qq[Going to login("anonymous","$Config::Config{cf_email}")]);
  unless ( $ftp->login("anonymous",$Config::Config{'cf_email'}) ){
    warn "Couldn't login on $host";
    return;
  }
  unless ( $ftp->cwd($dir) ){
    warn "Couldn't cwd $dir";
    return;
  }
  $ftp->binary;
  $class->debug(qq[Going to ->get("$file","$target")\n]) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
  unless ( $ftp->get($file,$target) ){
    warn "Couldn't fetch $file from $host\n";
    return;
  }
  $ftp->quit; # it's ok if this fails
  return 1;
}

# If more accuracy is wanted/needed, Chris Leach sent me this patch...

 # > *** /install/perl/live/lib/CPAN.pm-	Wed Sep 24 13:08:48 1997
 # > --- /tmp/cp	Wed Sep 24 13:26:40 1997
 # > ***************
 # > *** 1562,1567 ****
 # > --- 1562,1580 ----
 # >       return 1 if substr($url,0,4) eq "file";
 # >       return 1 unless $url =~ m|://([^/]+)|;
 # >       my $host = $1;
 # > +     my $proxy = $CPAN::Config->{'http_proxy'} || $ENV{'http_proxy'};
 # > +     if ($proxy) {
 # > +         $proxy =~ m|://([^/:]+)|;
 # > +         $proxy = $1;
 # > +         my $noproxy = $CPAN::Config->{'no_proxy'} || $ENV{'no_proxy'};
 # > +         if ($noproxy) {
 # > +             if ($host !~ /$noproxy$/) {
 # > +                 $host = $proxy;
 # > +             }
 # > +         } else {
 # > +             $host = $proxy;
 # > +         }
 # > +     }
 # >       require Net::Ping;
 # >       return 1 unless $Net::Ping::VERSION >= 2;
 # >       my $p;


#-> sub CPAN::FTP::localize ;
sub localize {
    my($self,$file,$aslocal,$force) = @_;
    $force ||= 0;
    Carp::croak "Usage: ->localize(cpan_file,as_local_file[,$force])"
	unless defined $aslocal;
    $self->debug("file[$file] aslocal[$aslocal] force[$force]")
	if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        # Comment by AK on 2000-09-03: Uniq short filenames would be
        # available in CHECKSUMS file
        my($name, $path) = File::Basename::fileparse($aslocal, '');
        if (length($name) > 31) {
            $name =~ s/(
                        \.(
                           readme(\.(gz|Z))? |
                           (tar\.)?(gz|Z) |
                           tgz |
                           zip |
                           pm\.(gz|Z)
                          )
                       )$//x;
            my $suf = $1;
            my $size = 31 - length($suf);
            while (length($name) > $size) {
                chop $name;
            }
            $name .= $suf;
            $aslocal = File::Spec->catfile($path, $name);
        }
    }

    return $aslocal if -f $aslocal && -r _ && !($force & 1);
    my($restore) = 0;
    if (-f $aslocal){
	rename $aslocal, "$aslocal.bak";
	$restore++;
    }

    my($aslocal_dir) = File::Basename::dirname($aslocal);
    File::Path::mkpath($aslocal_dir);
    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{Warning: You are not allowed to write into }.
	qq{directory "$aslocal_dir".
    I\'ll continue, but if you encounter problems, they may be due
    to insufficient permissions.\n}) unless -w $aslocal_dir;

    # Inheritance is not easier to manage than a few if/else branches
    if ($CPAN::META->has_usable('LWP::UserAgent')) {
 	unless ($Ua) {
            CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->config;
	    eval {$Ua = CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->new;}; # Why is has_usable still not fit enough?
            if ($@) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->new dies with $@\n")
                    if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            } else {
                my($var);
                $Ua->proxy('ftp',  $var)
                    if $var = $CPAN::Config->{ftp_proxy} || $ENV{ftp_proxy};
                $Ua->proxy('http', $var)
                    if $var = $CPAN::Config->{http_proxy} || $ENV{http_proxy};


# >>>>> On Wed, 13 Dec 2000 09:21:34 -0500, "Robison, Jonathon (J.M.)" <jrobiso2@visteon.com> said:
# 
#  > I note that although CPAN.pm can use proxies, it doesn't seem equipped to
#  > use ones that require basic autorization.
#  
#  > Example of when I use it manually in my own stuff:
#  
#  > $ua->proxy(['http','ftp'], http://my.proxy.server:83');
#  > $req->proxy_authorization_basic("username","password");
#  > $res = $ua->request($req);
# 

                $Ua->no_proxy($var)
                    if $var = $CPAN::Config->{no_proxy} || $ENV{no_proxy};
            }
	}
    }
    for my $prx (qw(ftp_proxy http_proxy no_proxy)) {
        $ENV{$prx} = $CPAN::Config->{$prx} if $CPAN::Config->{$prx};
    }

    # Try the list of urls for each single object. We keep a record
    # where we did get a file from
    my(@reordered,$last);
    $CPAN::Config->{urllist} ||= [];
    unless (ref $CPAN::Config->{urllist} eq 'ARRAY') {
        warn "Malformed urllist; ignoring.  Configuration file corrupt?\n";
    }
    $last = $#{$CPAN::Config->{urllist}};
    if ($force & 2) { # local cpans probably out of date, don't reorder
	@reordered = (0..$last);
    } else {
	@reordered =
	    sort {
		(substr($CPAN::Config->{urllist}[$b],0,4) eq "file")
		    <=>
		(substr($CPAN::Config->{urllist}[$a],0,4) eq "file")
		    or
		defined($Thesite)
		    and
		($b == $Thesite)
		    <=>
		($a == $Thesite)
	    } 0..$last;
    }
    my(@levels);
    if ($Themethod) {
	@levels = ($Themethod, grep {$_ ne $Themethod} qw/easy hard hardest/);
    } else {
	@levels = qw/easy hard hardest/;
    }
    @levels = qw/easy/ if $^O eq 'MacOS';
    my($levelno);
    for $levelno (0..$#levels) {
        my $level = $levels[$levelno];
	my $method = "host$level";
	my @host_seq = $level eq "easy" ?
	    @reordered : 0..$last;  # reordered has CDROM up front
	@host_seq = (0) unless @host_seq;
	my $ret = $self->$method(\@host_seq,$file,$aslocal);
	if ($ret) {
	  $Themethod = $level;
	  my $now = time;
	  # utime $now, $now, $aslocal; # too bad, if we do that, we
                                      # might alter a local mirror
	  $self->debug("level[$level]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	  return $ret;
	} else {
	  unlink $aslocal;
          last if $CPAN::Signal; # need to cleanup
	}
    }
    unless ($CPAN::Signal) {
        my(@mess);
        push @mess,
            qq{Please check, if the URLs I found in your configuration file \(}.
                join(", ", @{$CPAN::Config->{urllist}}).
                    qq{\) are valid. The urllist can be edited.},
                        qq{E.g. with 'o conf urllist push ftp://myurl/'};
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(Text::Wrap::wrap("","",@mess). "\n\n");
        sleep 2;
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Could not fetch $file\n");
    }
    if ($restore) {
	rename "$aslocal.bak", $aslocal;
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Trying to get away with old file:\n" .
				 $self->ls($aslocal));
	return $aslocal;
    }
    return;
}

sub hosteasy {
    my($self,$host_seq,$file,$aslocal) = @_;
    my($i);
  HOSTEASY: for $i (@$host_seq) {
        my $url = $CPAN::Config->{urllist}[$i] || $CPAN::Defaultsite;
	$url .= "/" unless substr($url,-1) eq "/";
	$url .= $file;
	$self->debug("localizing perlish[$url]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	if ($url =~ /^file:/) {
	    my $l;
	    if ($CPAN::META->has_inst('URI::URL')) {
		my $u =  URI::URL->new($url);
		$l = $u->path;
	    } else { # works only on Unix, is poorly constructed, but
		# hopefully better than nothing.
		# RFC 1738 says fileurl BNF is
		# fileurl = "file://" [ host | "localhost" ] "/" fpath
		# Thanks to "Mark D. Baushke" <mdb@cisco.com> for
		# the code
		($l = $url) =~ s|^file://[^/]*/|/|; # discard the host part
		$l =~ s|^file:||;                   # assume they
                                                    # meant
                                                    # file://localhost
		$l =~ s|^/||s unless -f $l;         # e.g. /P:
		$self->debug("without URI::URL we try local file $l") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    }
	    if ( -f $l && -r _) {
		$Thesite = $i;
		return $l;
	    }
	    # Maybe mirror has compressed it?
	    if (-f "$l.gz") {
		$self->debug("found compressed $l.gz") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
		CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip("$l.gz", $aslocal);
		if ( -f $aslocal) {
		    $Thesite = $i;
		    return $aslocal;
		}
	    }
	}
        if ($CPAN::META->has_usable('LWP')) {
	  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Fetching with LWP:
  $url
");
	  unless ($Ua) {
              CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->config;
              eval { $Ua = CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->new; };
              if ($@) {
                  $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("CPAN::LWP::UserAgent->new dies with $@\n");
              }
	  }
	  my $res = $Ua->mirror($url, $aslocal);
	  if ($res->is_success) {
	    $Thesite = $i;
	    my $now = time;
	    utime $now, $now, $aslocal; # download time is more
                                        # important than upload time
	    return $aslocal;
	  } elsif ($url !~ /\.gz(?!\n)\Z/) {
	    my $gzurl = "$url.gz";
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Fetching with LWP:
  $gzurl
");
	    $res = $Ua->mirror($gzurl, "$aslocal.gz");
	    if ($res->is_success &&
		CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip("$aslocal.gz",$aslocal)
	       ) {
	      $Thesite = $i;
	      return $aslocal;
	    }
	  } else {
              $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf(
                                               "LWP failed with code[%s] message[%s]\n",
                                               $res->code,
                                               $res->message,
                                              ));
	    # Alan Burlison informed me that in firewall environments
	    # Net::FTP can still succeed where LWP fails. So we do not
	    # skip Net::FTP anymore when LWP is available.
	  }
	} else {
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("LWP not available\n");
	}
        return if $CPAN::Signal;
	if ($url =~ m|^ftp://(.*?)/(.*)/(.*)|) {
	    # that's the nice and easy way thanks to Graham
	    my($host,$dir,$getfile) = ($1,$2,$3);
	    if ($CPAN::META->has_usable('Net::FTP')) {
		$dir =~ s|/+|/|g;
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Fetching with Net::FTP:
  $url
");
		$self->debug("getfile[$getfile]dir[$dir]host[$host]" .
			     "aslocal[$aslocal]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
		if (CPAN::FTP->ftp_get($host,$dir,$getfile,$aslocal)) {
		    $Thesite = $i;
		    return $aslocal;
		}
		if ($aslocal !~ /\.gz(?!\n)\Z/) {
		    my $gz = "$aslocal.gz";
		    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Fetching with Net::FTP
  $url.gz
");
		   if (CPAN::FTP->ftp_get($host,
					   $dir,
					   "$getfile.gz",
					   $gz) &&
			CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip($gz,$aslocal)
		       ){
			$Thesite = $i;
			return $aslocal;
		    }
		}
		# next HOSTEASY;
	    }
	}
        return if $CPAN::Signal;
    }
}

sub hosthard {
  my($self,$host_seq,$file,$aslocal) = @_;

  # Came back if Net::FTP couldn't establish connection (or
  # failed otherwise) Maybe they are behind a firewall, but they
  # gave us a socksified (or other) ftp program...

  my($i);
  my($devnull) = $CPAN::Config->{devnull} || "";
  # < /dev/null ";
  my($aslocal_dir) = File::Basename::dirname($aslocal);
  File::Path::mkpath($aslocal_dir);
  HOSTHARD: for $i (@$host_seq) {
	my $url = $CPAN::Config->{urllist}[$i] || $CPAN::Defaultsite;
	$url .= "/" unless substr($url,-1) eq "/";
	$url .= $file;
	my($proto,$host,$dir,$getfile);

	# Courtesy Mark Conty mark_conty@cargill.com change from
	# if ($url =~ m|^ftp://(.*?)/(.*)/(.*)|) {
	# to
	if ($url =~ m|^([^:]+)://(.*?)/(.*)/(.*)|) {
	  # proto not yet used
	  ($proto,$host,$dir,$getfile) = ($1,$2,$3,$4);
	} else {
	  next HOSTHARD; # who said, we could ftp anything except ftp?
	}
        next HOSTHARD if $proto eq "file"; # file URLs would have had
                                           # success above. Likely a bogus URL

	$self->debug("localizing funkyftpwise[$url]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	my($f,$funkyftp);
	for $f ('lynx','ncftpget','ncftp','wget') {
	  next unless exists $CPAN::Config->{$f};
	  $funkyftp = $CPAN::Config->{$f};
	  next unless defined $funkyftp;
	  next if $funkyftp =~ /^\s*$/;
	  my($asl_ungz, $asl_gz);
	  ($asl_ungz = $aslocal) =~ s/\.gz//;
          $asl_gz = "$asl_ungz.gz";
	  my($src_switch) = "";
	  if ($f eq "lynx"){
	    $src_switch = " -source";
	  } elsif ($f eq "ncftp"){
	    $src_switch = " -c";
          } elsif ($f eq "wget"){
              $src_switch = " -O -";
	  }
	  my($chdir) = "";
	  my($stdout_redir) = " > $asl_ungz";
	  if ($f eq "ncftpget"){
	    $chdir = "cd $aslocal_dir && ";
	    $stdout_redir = "";
	  }
	  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
				   qq[
Trying with "$funkyftp$src_switch" to get
    $url
]);
	  my($system) =
	      "$chdir$funkyftp$src_switch \"$url\" $devnull$stdout_redir";
	  $self->debug("system[$system]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	  my($wstatus);
	  if (($wstatus = system($system)) == 0
	      &&
	      ($f eq "lynx" ?
	       -s $asl_ungz # lynx returns 0 when it fails somewhere
	       : 1
	      )
	     ) {
	    if (-s $aslocal) {
	      # Looks good
	    } elsif ($asl_ungz ne $aslocal) {
	      # test gzip integrity
	      if (CPAN::Tarzip->gtest($asl_ungz)) {
                  # e.g. foo.tar is gzipped --> foo.tar.gz
                  rename $asl_ungz, $aslocal;
	      } else {
                  CPAN::Tarzip->gzip($asl_ungz,$asl_gz);
	      }
	    }
	    $Thesite = $i;
	    return $aslocal;
	  } elsif ($url !~ /\.gz(?!\n)\Z/) {
	    unlink $asl_ungz if
		-f $asl_ungz && -s _ == 0;
	    my $gz = "$aslocal.gz";
	    my $gzurl = "$url.gz";
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(
				     qq[
Trying with "$funkyftp$src_switch" to get
  $url.gz
]);
	    my($system) = "$funkyftp$src_switch \"$url.gz\" $devnull > $asl_gz";
	    $self->debug("system[$system]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    my($wstatus);
	    if (($wstatus = system($system)) == 0
		&&
		-s $asl_gz
	       ) {
	      # test gzip integrity
	      if (CPAN::Tarzip->gtest($asl_gz)) {
                  CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip($asl_gz,$aslocal);
	      } else {
                  # somebody uncompressed file for us?
                  rename $asl_ungz, $aslocal;
	      }
	      $Thesite = $i;
	      return $aslocal;
	    } else {
	      unlink $asl_gz if -f $asl_gz;
	    }
	  } else {
	    my $estatus = $wstatus >> 8;
	    my $size = -f $aslocal ?
		", left\n$aslocal with size ".-s _ :
		    "\nWarning: expected file [$aslocal] doesn't exist";
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
System call "$system"
returned status $estatus (wstat $wstatus)$size
});
	  }
          return if $CPAN::Signal;
	} # lynx,ncftpget,ncftp
    } # host
}

sub hosthardest {
    my($self,$host_seq,$file,$aslocal) = @_;

    my($i);
    my($aslocal_dir) = File::Basename::dirname($aslocal);
    File::Path::mkpath($aslocal_dir);
    my $ftpbin = $CPAN::Config->{ftp};
  HOSTHARDEST: for $i (@$host_seq) {
	unless (length $ftpbin && MM->maybe_command($ftpbin)) {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("No external ftp command available\n\n");
	    last HOSTHARDEST;
	}
	my $url = $CPAN::Config->{urllist}[$i] || $CPAN::Defaultsite;
	$url .= "/" unless substr($url,-1) eq "/";
	$url .= $file;
	$self->debug("localizing ftpwise[$url]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	unless ($url =~ m|^ftp://(.*?)/(.*)/(.*)|) {
	    next;
	}
	my($host,$dir,$getfile) = ($1,$2,$3);
	my $timestamp = 0;
	my($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$size,$atime,$mtime,
	   $ctime,$blksize,$blocks) = stat($aslocal);
	$timestamp = $mtime ||= 0;
	my($netrc) = CPAN::FTP::netrc->new;
	my($netrcfile) = $netrc->netrc;
	my($verbose) = $CPAN::DEBUG{'FTP'} & $CPAN::DEBUG ? " -v" : "";
	my $targetfile = File::Basename::basename($aslocal);
	my(@dialog);
	push(
	     @dialog,
	     "lcd $aslocal_dir",
	     "cd /",
	     map("cd $_", split /\//, $dir), # RFC 1738
	     "bin",
	     "get $getfile $targetfile",
	     "quit"
	    );
	if (! $netrcfile) {
	    CPAN->debug("No ~/.netrc file found") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	} elsif ($netrc->hasdefault || $netrc->contains($host)) {
	    CPAN->debug(sprintf("hasdef[%d]cont($host)[%d]",
				$netrc->hasdefault,
				$netrc->contains($host))) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	    if ($netrc->protected) {
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
  Trying with external ftp to get
    $url
  As this requires some features that are not thoroughly tested, we\'re
  not sure, that we get it right....

}
		     );
		$self->talk_ftp("$ftpbin$verbose $host",
				@dialog);
		($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$size,
		 $atime,$mtime,$ctime,$blksize,$blocks) = stat($aslocal);
		$mtime ||= 0;
		if ($mtime > $timestamp) {
		    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("GOT $aslocal\n");
		    $Thesite = $i;
		    return $aslocal;
		} else {
		    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Hmm... Still failed!\n");
		}
                return if $CPAN::Signal;
	    } else {
		$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{Your $netrcfile is not }.
					qq{correctly protected.\n});
	    }
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Your ~/.netrc neither contains $host
  nor does it have a default entry\n");
	}

	# OK, they don't have a valid ~/.netrc. Use 'ftp -n'
	# then and login manually to host, using e-mail as
	# password.
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Issuing "$ftpbin$verbose -n"\n});
	unshift(
		@dialog,
		"open $host",
		"user anonymous $Config::Config{'cf_email'}"
	       );
	$self->talk_ftp("$ftpbin$verbose -n", @dialog);
	($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$size,
	 $atime,$mtime,$ctime,$blksize,$blocks) = stat($aslocal);
	$mtime ||= 0;
	if ($mtime > $timestamp) {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("GOT $aslocal\n");
	    $Thesite = $i;
	    return $aslocal;
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Bad luck... Still failed!\n");
	}
        return if $CPAN::Signal;
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Can't access URL $url.\n\n");
	sleep 2;
    } # host
}

sub talk_ftp {
    my($self,$command,@dialog) = @_;
    my $fh = FileHandle->new;
    $fh->open("|$command") or die "Couldn't open ftp: $!";
    foreach (@dialog) { $fh->print("$_\n") }
    $fh->close;		# Wait for process to complete
    my $wstatus = $?;
    my $estatus = $wstatus >> 8;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Subprocess "|$command"
  returned status $estatus (wstat $wstatus)
}) if $wstatus;
}

# find2perl needs modularization, too, all the following is stolen
# from there
# CPAN::FTP::ls
sub ls {
    my($self,$name) = @_;
    my ($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$sizemm,
     $atime,$mtime,$ctime,$blksize,$blocks) = lstat($name);

    my($perms,%user,%group);
    my $pname = $name;

    if ($blocks) {
	$blocks = int(($blocks + 1) / 2);
    }
    else {
	$blocks = int(($sizemm + 1023) / 1024);
    }

    if    (-f _) { $perms = '-'; }
    elsif (-d _) { $perms = 'd'; }
    elsif (-c _) { $perms = 'c'; $sizemm = &sizemm; }
    elsif (-b _) { $perms = 'b'; $sizemm = &sizemm; }
    elsif (-p _) { $perms = 'p'; }
    elsif (-S _) { $perms = 's'; }
    else         { $perms = 'l'; $pname .= ' -> ' . readlink($_); }

    my(@rwx) = ('---','--x','-w-','-wx','r--','r-x','rw-','rwx');
    my(@moname) = qw(Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec);
    my $tmpmode = $mode;
    my $tmp = $rwx[$tmpmode & 7];
    $tmpmode >>= 3;
    $tmp = $rwx[$tmpmode & 7] . $tmp;
    $tmpmode >>= 3;
    $tmp = $rwx[$tmpmode & 7] . $tmp;
    substr($tmp,2,1) =~ tr/-x/Ss/ if -u _;
    substr($tmp,5,1) =~ tr/-x/Ss/ if -g _;
    substr($tmp,8,1) =~ tr/-x/Tt/ if -k _;
    $perms .= $tmp;

    my $user = $user{$uid} || $uid;   # too lazy to implement lookup
    my $group = $group{$gid} || $gid;

    my($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year) = localtime($mtime);
    my($timeyear);
    my($moname) = $moname[$mon];
    if (-M _ > 365.25 / 2) {
	$timeyear = $year + 1900;
    }
    else {
	$timeyear = sprintf("%02d:%02d", $hour, $min);
    }

    sprintf "%5lu %4ld %-10s %2d %-8s %-8s %8s %s %2d %5s %s\n",
	    $ino,
		 $blocks,
		      $perms,
			    $nlink,
				$user,
				     $group,
					  $sizemm,
					      $moname,
						 $mday,
						     $timeyear,
							 $pname;
}

package CPAN::FTP::netrc;

sub new {
    my($class) = @_;
    my $file = File::Spec->catfile($ENV{HOME},".netrc");

    my($dev,$ino,$mode,$nlink,$uid,$gid,$rdev,$size,
       $atime,$mtime,$ctime,$blksize,$blocks)
	= stat($file);
    $mode ||= 0;
    my $protected = 0;

    my($fh,@machines,$hasdefault);
    $hasdefault = 0;
    $fh = FileHandle->new or die "Could not create a filehandle";

    if($fh->open($file)){
	$protected = ($mode & 077) == 0;
	local($/) = "";
      NETRC: while (<$fh>) {
	    my(@tokens) = split " ", $_;
	  TOKEN: while (@tokens) {
		my($t) = shift @tokens;
		if ($t eq "default"){
		    $hasdefault++;
		    last NETRC;
		}
		last TOKEN if $t eq "macdef";
		if ($t eq "machine") {
		    push @machines, shift @tokens;
		}
	    }
	}
    } else {
	$file = $hasdefault = $protected = "";
    }

    bless {
	   'mach' => [@machines],
	   'netrc' => $file,
	   'hasdefault' => $hasdefault,
	   'protected' => $protected,
	  }, $class;
}

# CPAN::FTP::hasdefault;
sub hasdefault { shift->{'hasdefault'} }
sub netrc      { shift->{'netrc'}      }
sub protected  { shift->{'protected'}  }
sub contains {
    my($self,$mach) = @_;
    for ( @{$self->{'mach'}} ) {
	return 1 if $_ eq $mach;
    }
    return 0;
}

package CPAN::Complete;

sub gnu_cpl {
    my($text, $line, $start, $end) = @_;
    my(@perlret) = cpl($text, $line, $start);
    # find longest common match. Can anybody show me how to peruse
    # T::R::Gnu to have this done automatically? Seems expensive.
    return () unless @perlret;
    my($newtext) = $text;
    for (my $i = length($text)+1;;$i++) {
	last unless length($perlret[0]) && length($perlret[0]) >= $i;
	my $try = substr($perlret[0],0,$i);
	my @tries = grep {substr($_,0,$i) eq $try} @perlret;
	# warn "try[$try]tries[@tries]";
	if (@tries == @perlret) {
	    $newtext = $try;
	} else {
	    last;
	}
    }
    ($newtext,@perlret);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Complete::cpl ;
sub cpl {
    my($word,$line,$pos) = @_;
    $word ||= "";
    $line ||= "";
    $pos ||= 0;
    CPAN->debug("word [$word] line[$line] pos[$pos]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $line =~ s/^\s*//;
    if ($line =~ s/^(force\s*)//) {
	$pos -= length($1);
    }
    my @return;
    if ($pos == 0) {
	@return = grep /^$word/, @CPAN::Complete::COMMANDS;
    } elsif ( $line !~ /^[\!abcdghimorutl]/ ) {
	@return = ();
    } elsif ($line =~ /^(a|ls)\s/) {
	@return = cplx('CPAN::Author',uc($word));
    } elsif ($line =~ /^b\s/) {
        CPAN::Shell->local_bundles;
	@return = cplx('CPAN::Bundle',$word);
    } elsif ($line =~ /^d\s/) {
	@return = cplx('CPAN::Distribution',$word);
    } elsif ($line =~ m/^(
                          [mru]|make|clean|dump|get|test|install|readme|look|cvs_import
                         )\s/x ) {
        if ($word =~ /^Bundle::/) {
            CPAN::Shell->local_bundles;
        }
	@return = (cplx('CPAN::Module',$word),cplx('CPAN::Bundle',$word));
    } elsif ($line =~ /^i\s/) {
	@return = cpl_any($word);
    } elsif ($line =~ /^reload\s/) {
	@return = cpl_reload($word,$line,$pos);
    } elsif ($line =~ /^o\s/) {
	@return = cpl_option($word,$line,$pos);
    } elsif ($line =~ m/^\S+\s/ ) {
        # fallback for future commands and what we have forgotten above
	@return = (cplx('CPAN::Module',$word),cplx('CPAN::Bundle',$word));
    } else {
	@return = ();
    }
    return @return;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Complete::cplx ;
sub cplx {
    my($class, $word) = @_;
    # I believed for many years that this was sorted, today I
    # realized, it wasn't sorted anymore. Now (rev 1.301 / v 1.55) I
    # make it sorted again. Maybe sort was dropped when GNU-readline
    # support came in? The RCS file is difficult to read on that:-(
    sort grep /^\Q$word\E/, map { $_->id } $CPAN::META->all_objects($class);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Complete::cpl_any ;
sub cpl_any {
    my($word) = shift;
    return (
	    cplx('CPAN::Author',$word),
	    cplx('CPAN::Bundle',$word),
	    cplx('CPAN::Distribution',$word),
	    cplx('CPAN::Module',$word),
	   );
}

#-> sub CPAN::Complete::cpl_reload ;
sub cpl_reload {
    my($word,$line,$pos) = @_;
    $word ||= "";
    my(@words) = split " ", $line;
    CPAN->debug("word[$word] line[$line] pos[$pos]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my(@ok) = qw(cpan index);
    return @ok if @words == 1;
    return grep /^\Q$word\E/, @ok if @words == 2 && $word;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Complete::cpl_option ;
sub cpl_option {
    my($word,$line,$pos) = @_;
    $word ||= "";
    my(@words) = split " ", $line;
    CPAN->debug("word[$word] line[$line] pos[$pos]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my(@ok) = qw(conf debug);
    return @ok if @words == 1;
    return grep /^\Q$word\E/, @ok if @words == 2 && length($word);
    if (0) {
    } elsif ($words[1] eq 'index') {
	return ();
    } elsif ($words[1] eq 'conf') {
	return CPAN::Config::cpl(@_);
    } elsif ($words[1] eq 'debug') {
	return sort grep /^\Q$word\E/, sort keys %CPAN::DEBUG, 'all';
    }
}

package CPAN::Index;

#-> sub CPAN::Index::force_reload ;
sub force_reload {
    my($class) = @_;
    $CPAN::Index::LAST_TIME = 0;
    $class->reload(1);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::reload ;
sub reload {
    my($cl,$force) = @_;
    my $time = time;

    # XXX check if a newer one is available. (We currently read it
    # from time to time)
    for ($CPAN::Config->{index_expire}) {
	$_ = 0.001 unless $_ && $_ > 0.001;
    }
    unless (1 || $CPAN::Have_warned->{readmetadatacache}++) {
        # debug here when CPAN doesn't seem to read the Metadata
        require Carp;
        Carp::cluck("META-PROTOCOL[$CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL}]");
    }
    unless ($CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL}) {
        $cl->read_metadata_cache;
        $CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL} ||= "1.0";
    }
    if ( $CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL} < PROTOCOL  ) {
        # warn "Setting last_time to 0";
        $LAST_TIME = 0; # No warning necessary
    }
    return if $LAST_TIME + $CPAN::Config->{index_expire}*86400 > $time
	and ! $force;
    if (0) {
        # IFF we are developing, it helps to wipe out the memory
        # between reloads, otherwise it is not what a user expects.
        undef $CPAN::META; # Neue Gruendlichkeit since v1.52(r1.274)
        $CPAN::META = CPAN->new;
    }
    {
        my($debug,$t2);
        local $LAST_TIME = $time;
        local $CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL} = PROTOCOL;

        my $needshort = $^O eq "dos";

        $cl->rd_authindex($cl
                          ->reload_x(
                                     "authors/01mailrc.txt.gz",
                                     $needshort ?
                                     File::Spec->catfile('authors', '01mailrc.gz') :
                                     File::Spec->catfile('authors', '01mailrc.txt.gz'),
                                     $force));
        $t2 = time;
        $debug = "timing reading 01[".($t2 - $time)."]";
        $time = $t2;
        return if $CPAN::Signal; # this is sometimes lengthy
        $cl->rd_modpacks($cl
                         ->reload_x(
                                    "modules/02packages.details.txt.gz",
                                    $needshort ?
                                    File::Spec->catfile('modules', '02packag.gz') :
                                    File::Spec->catfile('modules', '02packages.details.txt.gz'),
                                    $force));
        $t2 = time;
        $debug .= "02[".($t2 - $time)."]";
        $time = $t2;
        return if $CPAN::Signal; # this is sometimes lengthy
        $cl->rd_modlist($cl
                        ->reload_x(
                                   "modules/03modlist.data.gz",
                                   $needshort ?
                                   File::Spec->catfile('modules', '03mlist.gz') :
                                   File::Spec->catfile('modules', '03modlist.data.gz'),
                                   $force));
        $cl->write_metadata_cache;
        $t2 = time;
        $debug .= "03[".($t2 - $time)."]";
        $time = $t2;
        CPAN->debug($debug) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    }
    $LAST_TIME = $time;
    $CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL} = PROTOCOL;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::reload_x ;
sub reload_x {
    my($cl,$wanted,$localname,$force) = @_;
    $force |= 2; # means we're dealing with an index here
    CPAN::Config->load; # we should guarantee loading wherever we rely
                        # on Config XXX
    $localname ||= $wanted;
    my $abs_wanted = File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{'keep_source_where'},
					 $localname);
    if (
	-f $abs_wanted &&
	-M $abs_wanted < $CPAN::Config->{'index_expire'} &&
	!($force & 1)
       ) {
	my $s = $CPAN::Config->{'index_expire'} == 1 ? "" : "s";
	$cl->debug(qq{$abs_wanted younger than $CPAN::Config->{'index_expire'} }.
		   qq{day$s. I\'ll use that.});
	return $abs_wanted;
    } else {
	$force |= 1; # means we're quite serious about it.
    }
    return CPAN::FTP->localize($wanted,$abs_wanted,$force);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::rd_authindex ;
sub rd_authindex {
    my($cl, $index_target) = @_;
    my @lines;
    return unless defined $index_target;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Going to read $index_target\n");
    local(*FH);
    tie *FH, CPAN::Tarzip, $index_target;
    local($/) = "\n";
    push @lines, split /\012/ while <FH>;
    foreach (@lines) {
	my($userid,$fullname,$email) =
	    m/alias\s+(\S+)\s+\"([^\"\<]+)\s+\<([^\>]+)\>\"/;
	next unless $userid && $fullname && $email;

	# instantiate an author object
 	my $userobj = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Author',$userid);
	$userobj->set('FULLNAME' => $fullname, 'EMAIL' => $email);
	return if $CPAN::Signal;
    }
}

sub userid {
  my($self,$dist) = @_;
  $dist = $self->{'id'} unless defined $dist;
  my($ret) = $dist =~ m|(?:\w/\w\w/)?([^/]+)/|;
  $ret;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::rd_modpacks ;
sub rd_modpacks {
    my($self, $index_target) = @_;
    my @lines;
    return unless defined $index_target;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Going to read $index_target\n");
    my $fh = CPAN::Tarzip->TIEHANDLE($index_target);
    local($/) = "\n";
    while ($_ = $fh->READLINE) {
	s/\012/\n/g;
	my @ls = map {"$_\n"} split /\n/, $_;
	unshift @ls, "\n" x length($1) if /^(\n+)/;
	push @lines, @ls;
    }
    # read header
    my($line_count,$last_updated);
    while (@lines) {
	my $shift = shift(@lines);
	last if $shift =~ /^\s*$/;
	$shift =~ /^Line-Count:\s+(\d+)/ and $line_count = $1;
        $shift =~ /^Last-Updated:\s+(.+)/ and $last_updated = $1;
    }
    if (not defined $line_count) {

	warn qq{Warning: Your $index_target does not contain a Line-Count header.
Please check the validity of the index file by comparing it to more
than one CPAN mirror. I'll continue but problems seem likely to
happen.\a
};

	sleep 5;
    } elsif ($line_count != scalar @lines) {

	warn sprintf qq{Warning: Your %s
contains a Line-Count header of %d but I see %d lines there. Please
check the validity of the index file by comparing it to more than one
CPAN mirror. I'll continue but problems seem likely to happen.\a\n},
$index_target, $line_count, scalar(@lines);

    }
    if (not defined $last_updated) {

	warn qq{Warning: Your $index_target does not contain a Last-Updated header.
Please check the validity of the index file by comparing it to more
than one CPAN mirror. I'll continue but problems seem likely to
happen.\a
};

	sleep 5;
    } else {

	$CPAN::Frontend
            ->myprint(sprintf qq{  Database was generated on %s\n},
                      $last_updated);
        $DATE_OF_02 = $last_updated;

        if ($CPAN::META->has_inst(HTTP::Date)) {
            require HTTP::Date;
            my($age) = (time - HTTP::Date::str2time($last_updated))/3600/24;
            if ($age > 30) {

                $CPAN::Frontend
                    ->mywarn(sprintf
                             qq{Warning: This index file is %d days old.
  Please check the host you chose as your CPAN mirror for staleness.
  I'll continue but problems seem likely to happen.\a\n},
                             $age);

            }
        } else {
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  HTTP::Date not available\n");
        }
    }


    # A necessity since we have metadata_cache: delete what isn't
    # there anymore
    my $secondtime = $CPAN::META->exists("CPAN::Module","CPAN");
    CPAN->debug("secondtime[$secondtime]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my(%exists);
    foreach (@lines) {
	chomp;
        # before 1.56 we split into 3 and discarded the rest. From
        # 1.57 we assign remaining text to $comment thus allowing to
        # influence isa_perl
	my($mod,$version,$dist,$comment) = split " ", $_, 4;
	my($bundle,$id,$userid);

	if ($mod eq 'CPAN' &&
	    ! (
	       CPAN::Queue->exists('Bundle::CPAN') ||
	       CPAN::Queue->exists('CPAN')
	      )
	   ) {
            local($^W)= 0;
            if ($version > $CPAN::VERSION){
                $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
  There's a new CPAN.pm version (v$version) available!
  [Current version is v$CPAN::VERSION]
  You might want to try
    install Bundle::CPAN
    reload cpan
  without quitting the current session. It should be a seamless upgrade
  while we are running...
}); #});
                sleep 2;
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{\n});
	    }
	    last if $CPAN::Signal;
	} elsif ($mod =~ /^Bundle::(.*)/) {
	    $bundle = $1;
	}

	if ($bundle){
	    $id =  $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Bundle',$mod);
	    # Let's make it a module too, because bundles have so much
	    # in common with modules.

            # Changed in 1.57_63: seems like memory bloat now without
            # any value, so commented out

	    # $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Module',$mod);

	} else {

	    # instantiate a module object
	    $id = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Module',$mod);

	}

	if ($id->cpan_file ne $dist){ # update only if file is
                                      # different. CPAN prohibits same
                                      # name with different version
	    $userid = $id->userid || $self->userid($dist);
	    $id->set(
		     'CPAN_USERID' => $userid,
		     'CPAN_VERSION' => $version,
		     'CPAN_FILE' => $dist,
		    );
	}

	# instantiate a distribution object
	if ($CPAN::META->exists('CPAN::Distribution',$dist)) {
	  # we do not need CONTAINSMODS unless we do something with
	  # this dist, so we better produce it on demand.

	  ## my $obj = $CPAN::META->instance(
	  ## 				  'CPAN::Distribution' => $dist
	  ## 				 );
	  ## $obj->{CONTAINSMODS}{$mod} = undef; # experimental
	} else {
	  $CPAN::META->instance(
				'CPAN::Distribution' => $dist
			       )->set(
				      'CPAN_USERID' => $userid,
                                      'CPAN_COMMENT' => $comment,
				     );
	}
        if ($secondtime) {
            for my $name ($mod,$dist) {
                CPAN->debug("exists name[$name]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
                $exists{$name} = undef;
            }
        }
	return if $CPAN::Signal;
    }
    undef $fh;
    if ($secondtime) {
        for my $class (qw(CPAN::Module CPAN::Bundle CPAN::Distribution)) {
            for my $o ($CPAN::META->all_objects($class)) {
                next if exists $exists{$o->{ID}};
                $CPAN::META->delete($class,$o->{ID});
                CPAN->debug("deleting ID[$o->{ID}] in class[$class]")
                    if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            }
        }
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::rd_modlist ;
sub rd_modlist {
    my($cl,$index_target) = @_;
    return unless defined $index_target;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Going to read $index_target\n");
    my $fh = CPAN::Tarzip->TIEHANDLE($index_target);
    my @eval;
    local($/) = "\n";
    while ($_ = $fh->READLINE) {
	s/\012/\n/g;
	my @ls = map {"$_\n"} split /\n/, $_;
	unshift @ls, "\n" x length($1) if /^(\n+)/;
	push @eval, @ls;
    }
    while (@eval) {
	my $shift = shift(@eval);
	if ($shift =~ /^Date:\s+(.*)/){
	    return if $DATE_OF_03 eq $1;
	    ($DATE_OF_03) = $1;
	}
	last if $shift =~ /^\s*$/;
    }
    undef $fh;
    push @eval, q{CPAN::Modulelist->data;};
    local($^W) = 0;
    my($comp) = Safe->new("CPAN::Safe1");
    my($eval) = join("", @eval);
    my $ret = $comp->reval($eval);
    Carp::confess($@) if $@;
    return if $CPAN::Signal;
    for (keys %$ret) {
	my $obj = $CPAN::META->instance("CPAN::Module",$_);
        delete $ret->{$_}{modid}; # not needed here, maybe elsewhere
	$obj->set(%{$ret->{$_}});
	return if $CPAN::Signal;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::write_metadata_cache ;
sub write_metadata_cache {
    my($self) = @_;
    return unless $CPAN::Config->{'cache_metadata'};
    return unless $CPAN::META->has_usable("Storable");
    my $cache;
    foreach my $k (qw(CPAN::Bundle CPAN::Author CPAN::Module
		      CPAN::Distribution)) {
	$cache->{$k} = $CPAN::META->{readonly}{$k}; # unsafe meta access, ok
    }
    my $metadata_file = File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{cpan_home},"Metadata");
    $cache->{last_time} = $LAST_TIME;
    $cache->{DATE_OF_02} = $DATE_OF_02;
    $cache->{PROTOCOL} = PROTOCOL;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Going to write $metadata_file\n");
    eval { Storable::nstore($cache, $metadata_file) };
    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn($@) if $@; # ?? missing "\n" after $@ in mywarn ??
}

#-> sub CPAN::Index::read_metadata_cache ;
sub read_metadata_cache {
    my($self) = @_;
    return unless $CPAN::Config->{'cache_metadata'};
    return unless $CPAN::META->has_usable("Storable");
    my $metadata_file = File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{cpan_home},"Metadata");
    return unless -r $metadata_file and -f $metadata_file;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Going to read $metadata_file\n");
    my $cache;
    eval { $cache = Storable::retrieve($metadata_file) };
    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn($@) if $@; # ?? missing "\n" after $@ in mywarn ??
    if (!$cache || ref $cache ne 'HASH'){
        $LAST_TIME = 0;
        return;
    }
    if (exists $cache->{PROTOCOL}) {
        if (PROTOCOL > $cache->{PROTOCOL}) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(sprintf("Ignoring Metadata cache written ".
                                            "with protocol v%s, requiring v%s\n",
                                            $cache->{PROTOCOL},
                                            PROTOCOL)
                                   );
            return;
        }
    } else {
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Ignoring Metadata cache written ".
                                "with protocol v1.0\n");
        return;
    }
    my $clcnt = 0;
    my $idcnt = 0;
    while(my($class,$v) = each %$cache) {
	next unless $class =~ /^CPAN::/;
	$CPAN::META->{readonly}{$class} = $v; # unsafe meta access, ok
        while (my($id,$ro) = each %$v) {
            $CPAN::META->{readwrite}{$class}{$id} ||=
                $class->new(ID=>$id, RO=>$ro);
            $idcnt++;
        }
        $clcnt++;
    }
    unless ($clcnt) { # sanity check
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Warning: Found no data in $metadata_file\n");
        return;
    }
    if ($idcnt < 1000) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Warning: Found only $idcnt objects ".
                                 "in $metadata_file\n");
        return;
    }
    $CPAN::META->{PROTOCOL} ||=
        $cache->{PROTOCOL}; # reading does not up or downgrade, but it
                            # does initialize to some protocol
    $LAST_TIME = $cache->{last_time};
    $DATE_OF_02 = $cache->{DATE_OF_02};
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  Database was generated on $DATE_OF_02\n")
	if defined $DATE_OF_02; # An old cache may not contain DATE_OF_02
    return;
}

package CPAN::InfoObj;

# Accessors
sub cpan_userid {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{RO}{CPAN_USERID}
}

sub id { shift->{ID}; }

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::new ;
sub new {
    my $this = bless {}, shift;
    %$this = @_;
    $this
}

# The set method may only be used by code that reads index data or
# otherwise "objective" data from the outside world. All session
# related material may do anything else with instance variables but
# must not touch the hash under the RO attribute. The reason is that
# the RO hash gets written to Metadata file and is thus persistent.

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::set ;
sub set {
    my($self,%att) = @_;
    my $class = ref $self;

    # This must be ||=, not ||, because only if we write an empty
    # reference, only then the set method will write into the readonly
    # area. But for Distributions that spring into existence, maybe
    # because of a typo, we do not like it that they are written into
    # the readonly area and made permanent (at least for a while) and
    # that is why we do not "allow" other places to call ->set.
    unless ($self->id) {
        CPAN->debug("Bug? Empty ID, rejecting");
        return;
    }
    my $ro = $self->{RO} =
        $CPAN::META->{readonly}{$class}{$self->id} ||= {};

    while (my($k,$v) = each %att) {
        $ro->{$k} = $v;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::as_glimpse ;
sub as_glimpse {
    my($self) = @_;
    my(@m);
    my $class = ref($self);
    $class =~ s/^CPAN:://;
    push @m, sprintf "%-15s %s\n", $class, $self->{ID};
    join "", @m;
}

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::as_string ;
sub as_string {
    my($self) = @_;
    my(@m);
    my $class = ref($self);
    $class =~ s/^CPAN:://;
    push @m, $class, " id = $self->{ID}\n";
    for (sort keys %{$self->{RO}}) {
	# next if m/^(ID|RO)$/;
	my $extra = "";
	if ($_ eq "CPAN_USERID") {
            $extra .= " (".$self->author;
            my $email; # old perls!
            if ($email = $CPAN::META->instance("CPAN::Author",
                                               $self->cpan_userid
                                              )->email) {
                $extra .= " <$email>";
            } else {
                $extra .= " <no email>";
            }
            $extra .= ")";
        } elsif ($_ eq "FULLNAME") { # potential UTF-8 conversion
            push @m, sprintf "    %-12s %s\n", $_, $self->fullname;
            next;
        }
        next unless defined $self->{RO}{$_};
        push @m, sprintf "    %-12s %s%s\n", $_, $self->{RO}{$_}, $extra;
    }
    for (sort keys %$self) {
	next if m/^(ID|RO)$/;
	if (ref($self->{$_}) eq "ARRAY") {
	  push @m, sprintf "    %-12s %s\n", $_, "@{$self->{$_}}";
	} elsif (ref($self->{$_}) eq "HASH") {
	  push @m, sprintf(
			   "    %-12s %s\n",
			   $_,
			   join(" ",keys %{$self->{$_}}),
                          );
	} else {
	  push @m, sprintf "    %-12s %s\n", $_, $self->{$_};
	}
    }
    join "", @m, "\n";
}

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::author ;
sub author {
    my($self) = @_;
    $CPAN::META->instance("CPAN::Author",$self->cpan_userid)->fullname;
}

#-> sub CPAN::InfoObj::dump ;
sub dump {
  my($self) = @_;
  require Data::Dumper;
  print Data::Dumper::Dumper($self);
}

package CPAN::Author;

#-> sub CPAN::Author::id
sub id {
    my $self = shift;
    my $id = $self->{ID};
    $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Illegal author id[$id]") unless $id =~ /^[A-Z]/;
    $id;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Author::as_glimpse ;
sub as_glimpse {
    my($self) = @_;
    my(@m);
    my $class = ref($self);
    $class =~ s/^CPAN:://;
    push @m, sprintf(qq{%-15s %s ("%s" <%s>)\n},
                     $class,
                     $self->{ID},
                     $self->fullname,
                     $self->email);
    join "", @m;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Author::fullname ;
sub fullname {
    shift->{RO}{FULLNAME};
}
*name = \&fullname;

#-> sub CPAN::Author::email ;
sub email    { shift->{RO}{EMAIL}; }

#-> sub CPAN::Author::ls ;
sub ls {
    my $self = shift;
    my $id = $self->id;

    # adapted from CPAN::Distribution::verifyMD5 ;
    my(@csf); # chksumfile
    @csf = $self->id =~ /(.)(.)(.*)/;
    $csf[1] = join "", @csf[0,1];
    $csf[2] = join "", @csf[1,2];
    my(@dl);
    @dl = $self->dir_listing([$csf[0],"CHECKSUMS"], 0);
    unless (grep {$_->[2] eq $csf[1]} @dl) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("No files in the directory of $id\n");
        return;
    }
    @dl = $self->dir_listing([@csf[0,1],"CHECKSUMS"], 0);
    unless (grep {$_->[2] eq $csf[2]} @dl) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("No files in the directory of $id\n");
        return;
    }
    @dl = $self->dir_listing([@csf,"CHECKSUMS"], 1);
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {
        sprintf("%8d %10s %s/%s\n", $_->[0], $_->[1], $id, $_->[2])
    } sort { $a->[2] cmp $b->[2] } @dl);
}

# returns an array of arrays, the latter contain (size,mtime,filename)
#-> sub CPAN::Author::dir_listing ;
sub dir_listing {
    my $self = shift;
    my $chksumfile = shift;
    my $recursive = shift;
    my $lc_want =
	File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where},
			    "authors", "id", @$chksumfile);
    local($") = "/";
    # connect "force" argument with "index_expire".
    my $force = 0;
    if (my @stat = stat $lc_want) {
        $force = $stat[9] + $CPAN::Config->{index_expire}*86400 <= time;
    }
    my $lc_file = CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/@$chksumfile",
                                      $lc_want,$force);
    unless ($lc_file) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Trying $lc_want.gz\n");
	$chksumfile->[-1] .= ".gz";
	$lc_file = CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/@$chksumfile",
                                       "$lc_want.gz",1);
	if ($lc_file) {
	    $lc_file =~ s{\.gz(?!\n)\Z}{}; #};
	    CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip("$lc_file.gz",$lc_file);
	} else {
	    return;
	}
    }

    # adapted from CPAN::Distribution::MD5_check_file ;
    my $fh = FileHandle->new;
    my($cksum);
    if (open $fh, $lc_file){
	local($/);
	my $eval = <$fh>;
	$eval =~ s/\015?\012/\n/g;
	close $fh;
	my($comp) = Safe->new();
	$cksum = $comp->reval($eval);
	if ($@) {
	    rename $lc_file, "$lc_file.bad";
	    Carp::confess($@) if $@;
	}
    } else {
	Carp::carp "Could not open $lc_file for reading";
    }
    my(@result,$f);
    for $f (sort keys %$cksum) {
        if (exists $cksum->{$f}{isdir}) {
            if ($recursive) {
                my(@dir) = @$chksumfile;
                pop @dir;
                push @dir, $f, "CHECKSUMS";
                push @result, map {
                    [$_->[0], $_->[1], "$f/$_->[2]"]
                } $self->dir_listing(\@dir,1);
            } else {
                push @result, [ 0, "-", $f ];
            }
        } else {
            push @result, [
                           ($cksum->{$f}{"size"}||0),
                           $cksum->{$f}{"mtime"}||"---",
                           $f
                          ];
        }
    }
    @result;
}

package CPAN::Distribution;

# Accessors
sub cpan_comment { shift->{RO}{CPAN_COMMENT} }

sub undelay {
    my $self = shift;
    delete $self->{later};
}

# CPAN::Distribution::normalize
sub normalize {
    my($self,$s) = @_;
    $s = $self->id unless defined $s;
    if (
        $s =~ tr|/|| == 1
        or
        $s !~ m|[A-Z]/[A-Z-]{2}/[A-Z-]{2,}/|
       ) {
        return $s if $s =~ m:^N/A|^Contact Author: ;
        $s =~ s|^(.)(.)([^/]*/)(.+)$|$1/$1$2/$1$2$3$4| or
            $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Strange distribution name [$s]\n");
        CPAN->debug("s[$s]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    }
    $s;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::color_cmd_tmps ;
sub color_cmd_tmps {
    my($self) = shift;
    my($depth) = shift || 0;
    my($color) = shift || 0;
    my($ancestors) = shift || [];
    # a distribution needs to recurse into its prereq_pms

    return if exists $self->{incommandcolor}
        && $self->{incommandcolor}==$color;
    if ($depth>=100){
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(CPAN::Exception::RecursiveDependency->new($ancestors));
    }
    # warn "color_cmd_tmps $depth $color " . $self->id; # sleep 1;
    my $prereq_pm = $self->prereq_pm;
    if (defined $prereq_pm) {
        for my $pre (keys %$prereq_pm) {
            my $premo = CPAN::Shell->expand("Module",$pre);
            $premo->color_cmd_tmps($depth+1,$color,[@$ancestors, $self->id]);
        }
    }
    if ($color==0) {
        delete $self->{sponsored_mods};
        delete $self->{badtestcnt};
    }
    $self->{incommandcolor} = $color;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::as_string ;
sub as_string {
  my $self = shift;
  $self->containsmods;
  $self->SUPER::as_string(@_);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::containsmods ;
sub containsmods {
  my $self = shift;
  return keys %{$self->{CONTAINSMODS}} if exists $self->{CONTAINSMODS};
  my $dist_id = $self->{ID};
  for my $mod ($CPAN::META->all_objects("CPAN::Module")) {
    my $mod_file = $mod->cpan_file or next;
    my $mod_id = $mod->{ID} or next;
    # warn "mod_file[$mod_file] dist_id[$dist_id] mod_id[$mod_id]";
    # sleep 1;
    $self->{CONTAINSMODS}{$mod_id} = undef if $mod_file eq $dist_id;
  }
  keys %{$self->{CONTAINSMODS}};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::uptodate ;
sub uptodate {
    my($self) = @_;
    my $c;
    foreach $c ($self->containsmods) {
        my $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($c);
        return 0 unless $obj->uptodate;
    }
    return 1;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::called_for ;
sub called_for {
    my($self,$id) = @_;
    $self->{CALLED_FOR} = $id if defined $id;
    return $self->{CALLED_FOR};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::safe_chdir ;
sub safe_chdir {
    my($self,$todir) = @_;
    # we die if we cannot chdir and we are debuggable
    Carp::confess("safe_chdir called without todir argument")
          unless defined $todir and length $todir;
    if (chdir $todir) {
        $self->debug(sprintf "changed directory to %s", CPAN::anycwd())
            if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    } else {
        my $cwd = CPAN::anycwd();
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir from cwd[$cwd] }.
                               qq{to todir[$todir]: $!});
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::get ;
sub get {
    my($self) = @_;
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
	exists $self->{'build_dir'} and push @e,
	    "Is already unwrapped into directory $self->{'build_dir'}";
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    my $sub_wd = CPAN::anycwd(); # for cleaning up as good as possible

    #
    # Get the file on local disk
    #

    my($local_file);
    my($local_wanted) =
        File::Spec->catfile(
			    $CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where},
			    "authors",
			    "id",
			    split(/\//,$self->id)
			   );

    $self->debug("Doing localize") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    unless ($local_file =
            CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/$self->{ID}",
                                $local_wanted)) {
        my $note = "";
        if ($CPAN::Index::DATE_OF_02) {
            $note = "Note: Current database in memory was generated ".
                "on $CPAN::Index::DATE_OF_02\n";
        }
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Giving up on '$local_wanted'\n$note");
    }
    $self->debug("local_file[$local_file]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $self->{localfile} = $local_file;
    return if $CPAN::Signal;

    #
    # Check integrity
    #
    if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Digest::MD5")) {
	$self->debug("Digest::MD5 is installed, verifying");
	$self->verifyMD5;
    } else {
	$self->debug("Digest::MD5 is NOT installed");
    }
    return if $CPAN::Signal;

    #
    # Create a clean room and go there
    #
    $CPAN::META->{cachemgr} ||= CPAN::CacheMgr->new(); # unsafe meta access, ok
    my $builddir = $CPAN::META->{cachemgr}->dir; # unsafe meta access, ok
    $self->safe_chdir($builddir);
    $self->debug("Removing tmp") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    File::Path::rmtree("tmp");
    mkdir "tmp", 0755 or Carp::croak "Couldn't mkdir tmp: $!";
    if ($CPAN::Signal){
        $self->safe_chdir($sub_wd);
        return;
    }
    $self->safe_chdir("tmp");

    #
    # Unpack the goods
    #
    if ($local_file =~ /(\.tar\.(gz|Z)|\.tgz)(?!\n)\Z/i){
        $self->{was_uncompressed}++ unless CPAN::Tarzip->gtest($local_file);
	$self->untar_me($local_file);
    } elsif ( $local_file =~ /\.zip(?!\n)\Z/i ) {
	$self->unzip_me($local_file);
    } elsif ( $local_file =~ /\.pm\.(gz|Z)(?!\n)\Z/) {
        $self->{was_uncompressed}++ unless CPAN::Tarzip->gtest($local_file);
	$self->pm2dir_me($local_file);
    } else {
	$self->{archived} = "NO";
        $self->safe_chdir($sub_wd);
        return;
    }

    # we are still in the tmp directory!
    # Let's check if the package has its own directory.
    my $dh = DirHandle->new(File::Spec->curdir)
        or Carp::croak("Couldn't opendir .: $!");
    my @readdir = grep $_ !~ /^\.\.?(?!\n)\Z/s, $dh->read; ### MAC??
    $dh->close;
    my ($distdir,$packagedir);
    if (@readdir == 1 && -d $readdir[0]) {
        $distdir = $readdir[0];
        $packagedir = File::Spec->catdir($builddir,$distdir);
        $self->debug("packagedir[$packagedir]builddir[$builddir]distdir[$distdir]")
            if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        -d $packagedir and $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Removing previously used ".
                                                    "$packagedir\n");
        File::Path::rmtree($packagedir);
        rename($distdir,$packagedir) or
            Carp::confess("Couldn't rename $distdir to $packagedir: $!");
        $self->debug(sprintf("renamed distdir[%s] to packagedir[%s] -e[%s]-d[%s]",
                             $distdir,
                             $packagedir,
                             -e $packagedir,
                             -d $packagedir,
                            )) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    } else {
        my $userid = $self->cpan_userid;
        unless ($userid) {
            CPAN->debug("no userid? self[$self]");
            $userid = "anon";
        }
        my $pragmatic_dir = $userid . '000';
        $pragmatic_dir =~ s/\W_//g;
        $pragmatic_dir++ while -d "../$pragmatic_dir";
        $packagedir = File::Spec->catdir($builddir,$pragmatic_dir);
        $self->debug("packagedir[$packagedir]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        File::Path::mkpath($packagedir);
        my($f);
        for $f (@readdir) { # is already without "." and ".."
            my $to = File::Spec->catdir($packagedir,$f);
            rename($f,$to) or Carp::confess("Couldn't rename $f to $to: $!");
        }
    }
    if ($CPAN::Signal){
        $self->safe_chdir($sub_wd);
        return;
    }

    $self->{'build_dir'} = $packagedir;
    $self->safe_chdir($builddir);
    File::Path::rmtree("tmp");

    my($mpl) = File::Spec->catfile($packagedir,"Makefile.PL");
    my($mpl_exists) = -f $mpl;
    unless ($mpl_exists) {
        # NFS has been reported to have racing problems after the
        # renaming of a directory in some environments.
        # This trick helps.
        sleep 1;
        my $mpldh = DirHandle->new($packagedir)
            or Carp::croak("Couldn't opendir $packagedir: $!");
        $mpl_exists = grep /^Makefile\.PL$/, $mpldh->read;
        $mpldh->close;
    }
    unless ($mpl_exists) {
        $self->debug(sprintf("makefilepl[%s]anycwd[%s]",
                             $mpl,
                             CPAN::anycwd(),
                            )) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        my($configure) = File::Spec->catfile($packagedir,"Configure");
        if (-f $configure) {
            # do we have anything to do?
            $self->{'configure'} = $configure;
        } elsif (-f File::Spec->catfile($packagedir,"Makefile")) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Package comes with a Makefile and without a Makefile.PL.
We\'ll try to build it with that Makefile then.
});
            $self->{writemakefile} = "YES";
            sleep 2;
        } else {
            my $cf = $self->called_for || "unknown";
            if ($cf =~ m|/|) {
                $cf =~ s|.*/||;
                $cf =~ s|\W.*||;
            }
            $cf =~ s|[/\\:]||g; # risk of filesystem damage
            $cf = "unknown" unless length($cf);
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Package seems to come without Makefile.PL.
  (The test -f "$mpl" returned false.)
  Writing one on our own (setting NAME to $cf)\a\n});
            $self->{had_no_makefile_pl}++;
            sleep 3;

            # Writing our own Makefile.PL

            my $fh = FileHandle->new;
            $fh->open(">$mpl")
                or Carp::croak("Could not open >$mpl: $!");
            $fh->print(
qq{# This Makefile.PL has been autogenerated by the module CPAN.pm
# because there was no Makefile.PL supplied.
# Autogenerated on: }.scalar localtime().qq{

use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
WriteMakefile(NAME => q[$cf]);

});
            $fh->close;
        }
    }

    return $self;
}

# CPAN::Distribution::untar_me ;
sub untar_me {
    my($self,$local_file) = @_;
    $self->{archived} = "tar";
    if (CPAN::Tarzip->untar($local_file)) {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "YES";
    } else {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "NO";
    }
}

# CPAN::Distribution::unzip_me ;
sub unzip_me {
    my($self,$local_file) = @_;
    $self->{archived} = "zip";
    if (CPAN::Tarzip->unzip($local_file)) {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "YES";
    } else {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "NO";
    }
    return;
}

sub pm2dir_me {
    my($self,$local_file) = @_;
    $self->{archived} = "pm";
    my $to = File::Basename::basename($local_file);
    $to =~ s/\.(gz|Z)(?!\n)\Z//;
    if (CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip($local_file,$to)) {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "YES";
    } else {
	$self->{unwrapped} = "NO";
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::new ;
sub new {
    my($class,%att) = @_;

    # $CPAN::META->{cachemgr} ||= CPAN::CacheMgr->new();

    my $this = { %att };
    return bless $this, $class;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::look ;
sub look {
    my($self) = @_;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
      $self->Mac::BuildTools::look;
      return;
    }

    if (  $CPAN::Config->{'shell'} ) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Trying to open a subshell in the build directory...
});
    } else {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Your configuration does not define a value for subshells.
Please define it with "o conf shell <your shell>"
});
	return;
    }
    my $dist = $self->id;
    my $dir;
    unless ($dir = $self->dir) {
        $self->get;
    }
    unless ($dir ||= $self->dir) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
Could not determine which directory to use for looking at $dist.
});
	return;
    }
    my $pwd  = CPAN::anycwd();
    $self->safe_chdir($dir);
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Working directory is $dir\n});
    unless (system($CPAN::Config->{'shell'}) == 0) {
        my $code = $? >> 8;
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Subprocess shell exit code $code\n");
    }
    $self->safe_chdir($pwd);
}

# CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import ;
sub cvs_import {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->get;
    my $dir = $self->dir;

    my $package = $self->called_for;
    my $module = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Module', $package);
    my $version = $module->cpan_version;

    my $userid = $self->cpan_userid;

    my $cvs_dir = (split /\//, $dir)[-1];
    $cvs_dir =~ s/-\d+[^-]+(?!\n)\Z//;
    my $cvs_root = 
      $CPAN::Config->{cvsroot} || $ENV{CVSROOT};
    my $cvs_site_perl = 
      $CPAN::Config->{cvs_site_perl} || $ENV{CVS_SITE_PERL};
    if ($cvs_site_perl) {
	$cvs_dir = "$cvs_site_perl/$cvs_dir";
    }
    my $cvs_log = qq{"imported $package $version sources"};
    $version =~ s/\./_/g;
    my @cmd = ('cvs', '-d', $cvs_root, 'import', '-m', $cvs_log,
	       "$cvs_dir", $userid, "v$version");

    my $pwd  = CPAN::anycwd();
    chdir($dir) or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$dir": $!});

    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Working directory is $dir\n});

    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{@cmd\n});
    system(@cmd) == 0 or
	$CPAN::Frontend->mydie("cvs import failed");
    chdir($pwd) or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$pwd": $!});
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::readme ;
sub readme {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($dist) = $self->id;
    my($sans,$suffix) = $dist =~ /(.+)\.(tgz|tar[\._-]gz|tar\.Z|zip)$/;
    $self->debug("sans[$sans] suffix[$suffix]\n") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my($local_file);
    my($local_wanted) =
	 File::Spec->catfile(
			     $CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where},
			     "authors",
			     "id",
			     split(/\//,"$sans.readme"),
			    );
    $self->debug("Doing localize") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $local_file = CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/$sans.readme",
				      $local_wanted)
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{No $sans.readme found});;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        Mac::BuildTools::launch_file($local_file);
        return;
    }

    my $fh_pager = FileHandle->new;
    local($SIG{PIPE}) = "IGNORE";
    $fh_pager->open("|$CPAN::Config->{'pager'}")
	or die "Could not open pager $CPAN::Config->{'pager'}: $!";
    my $fh_readme = FileHandle->new;
    $fh_readme->open($local_file)
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not open "$local_file": $!});
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
Displaying file
  $local_file
with pager "$CPAN::Config->{'pager'}"
});
    sleep 2;
    $fh_pager->print(<$fh_readme>);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::verifyMD5 ;
sub verifyMD5 {
    my($self) = @_;
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
	$self->{MD5_STATUS} ||= "";
	$self->{MD5_STATUS} eq "OK" and push @e, "MD5 Checksum was ok";
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    my($lc_want,$lc_file,@local,$basename);
    @local = split(/\//,$self->id);
    pop @local;
    push @local, "CHECKSUMS";
    $lc_want =
	File::Spec->catfile($CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where},
			    "authors", "id", @local);
    local($") = "/";
    if (
	-s $lc_want
	&&
	$self->MD5_check_file($lc_want)
       ) {
	return $self->{MD5_STATUS} = "OK";
    }
    $lc_file = CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/@local",
				   $lc_want,1);
    unless ($lc_file) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Trying $lc_want.gz\n");
	$local[-1] .= ".gz";
	$lc_file = CPAN::FTP->localize("authors/id/@local",
				       "$lc_want.gz",1);
	if ($lc_file) {
	    $lc_file =~ s/\.gz(?!\n)\Z//;
	    CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip("$lc_file.gz",$lc_file);
	} else {
	    return;
	}
    }
    $self->MD5_check_file($lc_file);
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::MD5_check_file ;
sub MD5_check_file {
    my($self,$chk_file) = @_;
    my($cksum,$file,$basename);
    $file = $self->{localfile};
    $basename = File::Basename::basename($file);
    my $fh = FileHandle->new;
    if (open $fh, $chk_file){
	local($/);
	my $eval = <$fh>;
	$eval =~ s/\015?\012/\n/g;
	close $fh;
	my($comp) = Safe->new();
	$cksum = $comp->reval($eval);
	if ($@) {
	    rename $chk_file, "$chk_file.bad";
	    Carp::confess($@) if $@;
	}
    } else {
	Carp::carp "Could not open $chk_file for reading";
    }

    if (exists $cksum->{$basename}{md5}) {
	$self->debug("Found checksum for $basename:" .
		     "$cksum->{$basename}{md5}\n") if $CPAN::DEBUG;

	open($fh, $file);
	binmode $fh;
	my $eq = $self->eq_MD5($fh,$cksum->{$basename}{'md5'});
	$fh->close;
	$fh = CPAN::Tarzip->TIEHANDLE($file);

	unless ($eq) {
	  # had to inline it, when I tied it, the tiedness got lost on
	  # the call to eq_MD5. (Jan 1998)
	  my $md5 = Digest::MD5->new;
	  my($data,$ref);
	  $ref = \$data;
	  while ($fh->READ($ref, 4096) > 0){
	    $md5->add($data);
	  }
	  my $hexdigest = $md5->hexdigest;
	  $eq += $hexdigest eq $cksum->{$basename}{'md5-ungz'};
	}

	if ($eq) {
	  $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Checksum for $file ok\n");
	  return $self->{MD5_STATUS} = "OK";
	} else {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{\nChecksum mismatch for }.
				     qq{distribution file. }.
				     qq{Please investigate.\n\n}.
				     $self->as_string,
				     $CPAN::META->instance(
							   'CPAN::Author',
							   $self->cpan_userid
							  )->as_string);

	    my $wrap = qq{I\'d recommend removing $file. Its MD5
checksum is incorrect. Maybe you have configured your 'urllist' with
a bad URL. Please check this array with 'o conf urllist', and
retry.};

            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(Text::Wrap::wrap("","",$wrap));

            # former versions just returned here but this seems a
            # serious threat that deserves a die

	    # $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n\n");
	    # sleep 3;
	    # return;
	}
	# close $fh if fileno($fh);
    } else {
	$self->{MD5_STATUS} ||= "";
	if ($self->{MD5_STATUS} eq "NIL") {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
Warning: No md5 checksum for $basename in $chk_file.

The cause for this may be that the file is very new and the checksum
has not yet been calculated, but it may also be that something is
going awry right now.
});
            my $answer = ExtUtils::MakeMaker::prompt("Proceed?", "yes");
            $answer =~ /^\s*y/i or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Aborted.");
	}
	$self->{MD5_STATUS} = "NIL";
	return;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::eq_MD5 ;
sub eq_MD5 {
    my($self,$fh,$expectMD5) = @_;
    my $md5 = Digest::MD5->new;
    my($data);
    while (read($fh, $data, 4096)){
      $md5->add($data);
    }
    # $md5->addfile($fh);
    my $hexdigest = $md5->hexdigest;
    # warn "fh[$fh] hex[$hexdigest] aexp[$expectMD5]";
    $hexdigest eq $expectMD5;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::force ;

# Both modules and distributions know if "force" is in effect by
# autoinspection, not by inspecting a global variable. One of the
# reason why this was chosen to work that way was the treatment of
# dependencies. They should not autpomatically inherit the force
# status. But this has the downside that ^C and die() will return to
# the prompt but will not be able to reset the force_update
# attributes. We try to correct for it currently in the read_metadata
# routine, and immediately before we check for a Signal. I hope this
# works out in one of v1.57_53ff

sub force {
  my($self, $method) = @_;
  for my $att (qw(
  MD5_STATUS archived build_dir localfile make install unwrapped
  writemakefile
 )) {
    delete $self->{$att};
  }
  if ($method && $method eq "install") {
    $self->{"force_update"}++; # name should probably have been force_install
  }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::unforce ;
sub unforce {
  my($self) = @_;
  delete $self->{'force_update'};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl ;
sub isa_perl {
  my($self) = @_;
  my $file = File::Basename::basename($self->id);
  if ($file =~ m{ ^ perl
                  -?
		  (5)
		  ([._-])
		  (
                   \d{3}(_[0-4][0-9])?
                   |
                   \d*[24680]\.\d+
                  )
		  \.tar[._-]gz
		  (?!\n)\Z
		}xs){
    return "$1.$3";
  } elsif ($self->cpan_comment
           &&
           $self->cpan_comment =~ /isa_perl\(.+?\)/){
    return $1;
  }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::perl ;
sub perl {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($perl) = File::Spec->file_name_is_absolute($^X) ? $^X : "";
    my $pwd  = CPAN::anycwd();
    my $candidate = File::Spec->catfile($pwd,$^X);
    $perl ||= $candidate if MM->maybe_command($candidate);
    unless ($perl) {
	my ($component,$perl_name);
      DIST_PERLNAME: foreach $perl_name ($^X, 'perl', 'perl5', "perl$]") {
	    PATH_COMPONENT: foreach $component (File::Spec->path(),
						$Config::Config{'binexp'}) {
		  next unless defined($component) && $component;
		  my($abs) = File::Spec->catfile($component,$perl_name);
		  if (MM->maybe_command($abs)) {
		      $perl = $abs;
		      last DIST_PERLNAME;
		  }
	      }
	  }
    }
    $perl;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::make ;
sub make {
    my($self) = @_;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf "Running make for %s\n", $self->id);
    # Emergency brake if they said install Pippi and get newest perl
    if ($self->isa_perl) {
      if (
	  $self->called_for ne $self->id &&
          ! $self->{force_update}
	 ) {
        # if we die here, we break bundles
	$CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(sprintf qq{
The most recent version "%s" of the module "%s"
comes with the current version of perl (%s).
I\'ll build that only if you ask for something like
    force install %s
or
    install %s
},
			       $CPAN::META->instance(
						     'CPAN::Module',
						     $self->called_for
						    )->cpan_version,
			       $self->called_for,
			       $self->isa_perl,
			       $self->called_for,
			       $self->id);
        sleep 5; return;
      }
    }
    $self->get;
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
	$self->{archived} eq "NO" and push @e,
	"Is neither a tar nor a zip archive.";

	$self->{unwrapped} eq "NO" and push @e,
	"had problems unarchiving. Please build manually";

	exists $self->{writemakefile} &&
	    $self->{writemakefile} =~ m/ ^ NO\s* ( .* ) /sx and push @e,
		$1 || "Had some problem writing Makefile";

	defined $self->{'make'} and push @e,
            "Has already been processed within this session";

        exists $self->{later} and length($self->{later}) and
            push @e, $self->{later};

	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n  CPAN.pm: Going to build ".$self->id."\n\n");
    my $builddir = $self->dir;
    chdir $builddir or Carp::croak("Couldn't chdir $builddir: $!");
    $self->debug("Changed directory to $builddir") if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        Mac::BuildTools::make($self);
        return;
    }

    my $system;
    if ($self->{'configure'}) {
      $system = $self->{'configure'};
    } else {
	my($perl) = $self->perl or die "Couldn\'t find executable perl\n";
	my $switch = "";
# This needs a handler that can be turned on or off:
#	$switch = "-MExtUtils::MakeMaker ".
#	    "-Mops=:default,:filesys_read,:filesys_open,require,chdir"
#	    if $] > 5.00310;
	$system = "$perl $switch Makefile.PL $CPAN::Config->{makepl_arg}";
    }
    unless (exists $self->{writemakefile}) {
	local($SIG{ALRM}) = sub { die "inactivity_timeout reached\n" };
	my($ret,$pid);
	$@ = "";
	if ($CPAN::Config->{inactivity_timeout}) {
	    eval {
		alarm $CPAN::Config->{inactivity_timeout};
		local $SIG{CHLD}; # = sub { wait };
		if (defined($pid = fork)) {
		    if ($pid) { #parent
			# wait;
			waitpid $pid, 0;
		    } else {    #child
		      # note, this exec isn't necessary if
		      # inactivity_timeout is 0. On the Mac I'd
		      # suggest, we set it always to 0.
		      exec $system;
		    }
		} else {
		    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Cannot fork: $!");
		    return;
		}
	    };
	    alarm 0;
	    if ($@){
		kill 9, $pid;
		waitpid $pid, 0;
		$CPAN::Frontend->myprint($@);
		$self->{writemakefile} = "NO $@";
		$@ = "";
		return;
	    }
	} else {
	  $ret = system($system);
	  if ($ret != 0) {
	    $self->{writemakefile} = "NO Makefile.PL returned status $ret";
	    return;
	  }
	}
	if (-f "Makefile") {
	  $self->{writemakefile} = "YES";
          delete $self->{make_clean}; # if cleaned before, enable next
	} else {
	  $self->{writemakefile} =
	      qq{NO Makefile.PL refused to write a Makefile.};
	  # It's probably worth it to record the reason, so let's retry
	  # local $/;
	  # my $fh = IO::File->new("$system |"); # STDERR? STDIN?
	  # $self->{writemakefile} .= <$fh>;
	}
    }
    if ($CPAN::Signal){
      delete $self->{force_update};
      return;
    }
    if (my @prereq = $self->unsat_prereq){
      return 1 if $self->follow_prereqs(@prereq); # signal success to the queuerunner
    }
    $system = join " ", $CPAN::Config->{'make'}, $CPAN::Config->{make_arg};
    if (system($system) == 0) {
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- OK\n");
	 $self->{'make'} = "YES";
    } else {
	 $self->{writemakefile} ||= "YES";
	 $self->{'make'} = "NO";
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- NOT OK\n");
    }
}

sub follow_prereqs {
    my($self) = shift;
    my(@prereq) = @_;
    my $id = $self->id;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("---- Unsatisfied dependencies detected ".
                             "during [$id] -----\n");

    for my $p (@prereq) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint("    $p\n");
    }
    my $follow = 0;
    if ($CPAN::Config->{prerequisites_policy} eq "follow") {
	$follow = 1;
    } elsif ($CPAN::Config->{prerequisites_policy} eq "ask") {
	require ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
	my $answer = ExtUtils::MakeMaker::prompt(
"Shall I follow them and prepend them to the queue
of modules we are processing right now?", "yes");
	$follow = $answer =~ /^\s*y/i;
    } else {
	local($") = ", ";
	$CPAN::Frontend->
            myprint("  Ignoring dependencies on modules @prereq\n");
    }
    if ($follow) {
        # color them as dirty
        for my $p (@prereq) {
            # warn "calling color_cmd_tmps(0,1)";
            CPAN::Shell->expandany($p)->color_cmd_tmps(0,1);
        }
        CPAN::Queue->jumpqueue(@prereq,$id); # queue them and requeue yourself
        $self->{later} = "Delayed until after prerequisites";
        return 1; # signal success to the queuerunner
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::unsat_prereq ;
sub unsat_prereq {
    my($self) = @_;
    my $prereq_pm = $self->prereq_pm or return;
    my(@need);
  NEED: while (my($need_module, $need_version) = each %$prereq_pm) {
        my $nmo = $CPAN::META->instance("CPAN::Module",$need_module);
        # we were too demanding:
        next if $nmo->uptodate;

        # if they have not specified a version, we accept any installed one
        if (not defined $need_version or
           $need_version == 0 or
           $need_version eq "undef") {
            next if defined $nmo->inst_file;
        }

        # We only want to install prereqs if either they're not installed
        # or if the installed version is too old. We cannot omit this
        # check, because if 'force' is in effect, nobody else will check.
        {
            local($^W) = 0;
            if (
                defined $nmo->inst_file &&
                ! CPAN::Version->vgt($need_version, $nmo->inst_version)
               ){
                CPAN->debug(sprintf "id[%s]inst_file[%s]inst_version[%s]need_version[%s]",
                            $nmo->id,
                            $nmo->inst_file,
                            $nmo->inst_version,
                            CPAN::Version->readable($need_version)
                           );
                next NEED;
            }
        }

        if ($self->{sponsored_mods}{$need_module}++){
            # We have already sponsored it and for some reason it's still
            # not available. So we do nothing. Or what should we do?
            # if we push it again, we have a potential infinite loop
            next;
        }
        push @need, $need_module;
    }
    @need;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm ;
sub prereq_pm {
  my($self) = @_;
  return $self->{prereq_pm} if
      exists $self->{prereq_pm_detected} && $self->{prereq_pm_detected};
  return unless $self->{writemakefile}; # no need to have succeeded
                                        # but we must have run it
  my $build_dir = $self->{build_dir} or die "Panic: no build_dir?";
  my $makefile = File::Spec->catfile($build_dir,"Makefile");
  my(%p) = ();
  my $fh;
  if (-f $makefile
      and
      $fh = FileHandle->new("<$makefile\0")) {

      local($/) = "\n";

      #  A.Speer @p -> %p, where %p is $p{Module::Name}=Required_Version
      while (<$fh>) {
          last if /MakeMaker post_initialize section/;
          my($p) = m{^[\#]
		 \s+PREREQ_PM\s+=>\s+(.+)
		 }x;
          next unless $p;
          # warn "Found prereq expr[$p]";

          #  Regexp modified by A.Speer to remember actual version of file
          #  PREREQ_PM hash key wants, then add to
          while ( $p =~ m/(?:\s)([\w\:]+)=>q\[(.*?)\],?/g ){
              # In case a prereq is mentioned twice, complain.
              if ( defined $p{$1} ) {
                  warn "Warning: PREREQ_PM mentions $1 more than once, last mention wins";
              }
              $p{$1} = $2;
          }
          last;
      }
  }
  $self->{prereq_pm_detected}++;
  return $self->{prereq_pm} = \%p;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::test ;
sub test {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->make;
    if ($CPAN::Signal){
      delete $self->{force_update};
      return;
    }
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Running make test\n");
    if (my @prereq = $self->unsat_prereq){
      return 1 if $self->follow_prereqs(@prereq); # signal success to the queuerunner
    }
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
	exists $self->{make} or exists $self->{later} or push @e,
	"Make had some problems, maybe interrupted? Won't test";

	exists $self->{'make'} and
	    $self->{'make'} eq 'NO' and
		push @e, "Can't test without successful make";

	exists $self->{build_dir} or push @e, "Has no own directory";
        $self->{badtestcnt} ||= 0;
        $self->{badtestcnt} > 0 and
            push @e, "Won't repeat unsuccessful test during this command";

        exists $self->{later} and length($self->{later}) and
            push @e, $self->{later};

	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    chdir $self->{'build_dir'} or
	Carp::croak("Couldn't chdir to $self->{'build_dir'}");
    $self->debug("Changed directory to $self->{'build_dir'}")
	if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        Mac::BuildTools::make_test($self);
        return;
    }

    local $ENV{PERL5LIB} = $ENV{PERL5LIB} || "";
    $CPAN::META->set_perl5lib;
    my $system = join " ", $CPAN::Config->{'make'}, "test";
    if (system($system) == 0) {
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- OK\n");
	 $CPAN::META->is_tested($self->{'build_dir'});
	 $self->{make_test} = "YES";
    } else {
	 $self->{make_test} = "NO";
         $self->{badtestcnt}++;
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- NOT OK\n");
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::clean ;
sub clean {
    my($self) = @_;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Running make clean\n");
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
        exists $self->{make_clean} and $self->{make_clean} eq "YES" and
            push @e, "make clean already called once";
	exists $self->{build_dir} or push @e, "Has no own directory";
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    chdir $self->{'build_dir'} or
	Carp::croak("Couldn't chdir to $self->{'build_dir'}");
    $self->debug("Changed directory to $self->{'build_dir'}") if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        Mac::BuildTools::make_clean($self);
        return;
    }

    my $system = join " ", $CPAN::Config->{'make'}, "clean";
    if (system($system) == 0) {
      $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- OK\n");

      # $self->force;

      # Jost Krieger pointed out that this "force" was wrong because
      # it has the effect that the next "install" on this distribution
      # will untar everything again. Instead we should bring the
      # object's state back to where it is after untarring.

      delete $self->{force_update};
      delete $self->{install};
      delete $self->{writemakefile};
      delete $self->{make};
      delete $self->{make_test}; # no matter if yes or no, tests must be redone
      $self->{make_clean} = "YES";

    } else {
      # Hmmm, what to do if make clean failed?

      $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{  $system -- NOT OK

make clean did not succeed, marking directory as unusable for further work.
});
      $self->force("make"); # so that this directory won't be used again

    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::install ;
sub install {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->test;
    if ($CPAN::Signal){
      delete $self->{force_update};
      return;
    }
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("Running make install\n");
  EXCUSE: {
	my @e;
	exists $self->{build_dir} or push @e, "Has no own directory";

	exists $self->{make} or exists $self->{later} or push @e,
	"Make had some problems, maybe interrupted? Won't install";

	exists $self->{'make'} and
	    $self->{'make'} eq 'NO' and
		push @e, "make had returned bad status, install seems impossible";

	push @e, "make test had returned bad status, ".
	    "won't install without force"
	    if exists $self->{'make_test'} and
	    $self->{'make_test'} eq 'NO' and
	    ! $self->{'force_update'};

	exists $self->{'install'} and push @e,
	$self->{'install'} eq "YES" ?
	    "Already done" : "Already tried without success";

        exists $self->{later} and length($self->{later}) and
            push @e, $self->{later};

	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint(join "", map {"  $_\n"} @e) and return if @e;
    }
    chdir $self->{'build_dir'} or
	Carp::croak("Couldn't chdir to $self->{'build_dir'}");
    $self->debug("Changed directory to $self->{'build_dir'}")
	if $CPAN::DEBUG;

    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
        Mac::BuildTools::make_install($self);
        return;
    }

    my $system = join(" ", $CPAN::Config->{'make'},
		      "install", $CPAN::Config->{make_install_arg});
    my($stderr) = $^O =~ /Win/i ? "" : " 2>&1 ";
    my($pipe) = FileHandle->new("$system $stderr |");
    my($makeout) = "";
    while (<$pipe>){
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint($_);
	$makeout .= $_;
    }
    $pipe->close;
    if ($?==0) {
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- OK\n");
	 $CPAN::META->is_installed($self->{'build_dir'});
	 return $self->{'install'} = "YES";
    } else {
	 $self->{'install'} = "NO";
	 $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("  $system -- NOT OK\n");
	 if ($makeout =~ /permission/s && $> > 0) {
	     $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{    You may have to su }.
				      qq{to root to install the package\n});
	 }
    }
    delete $self->{force_update};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Distribution::dir ;
sub dir {
    shift->{'build_dir'};
}

package CPAN::Bundle;

sub look {
    my $self = shift;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint($self->as_string);
}

sub undelay {
    my $self = shift;
    delete $self->{later};
    for my $c ( $self->contains ) {
        my $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($c) or next;
        $obj->undelay;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::color_cmd_tmps ;
sub color_cmd_tmps {
    my($self) = shift;
    my($depth) = shift || 0;
    my($color) = shift || 0;
    my($ancestors) = shift || [];
    # a module needs to recurse to its cpan_file, a distribution needs
    # to recurse into its prereq_pms, a bundle needs to recurse into its modules

    return if exists $self->{incommandcolor}
        && $self->{incommandcolor}==$color;
    if ($depth>=100){
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(CPAN::Exception::RecursiveDependency->new($ancestors));
    }
    # warn "color_cmd_tmps $depth $color " . $self->id; # sleep 1;

    for my $c ( $self->contains ) {
        my $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($c) or next;
        CPAN->debug("c[$c]obj[$obj]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        $obj->color_cmd_tmps($depth+1,$color,[@$ancestors, $self->id]);
    }
    if ($color==0) {
        delete $self->{badtestcnt};
    }
    $self->{incommandcolor} = $color;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::as_string ;
sub as_string {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->contains;
    # following line must be "=", not "||=" because we have a moving target
    $self->{INST_VERSION} = $self->inst_version;
    return $self->SUPER::as_string;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::contains ;
sub contains {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($inst_file) = $self->inst_file || "";
    my($id) = $self->id;
    $self->debug("inst_file[$inst_file]id[$id]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    unless ($inst_file) {
        # Try to get at it in the cpan directory
        $self->debug("no inst_file") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        my $cpan_file;
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("I don't know a bundle with ID $id\n") unless
              $cpan_file = $self->cpan_file;
        if ($cpan_file eq "N/A") {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Bundle $id not found on disk and not on CPAN.
  Maybe stale symlink? Maybe removed during session? Giving up.\n");
        }
        my $dist = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',
                                         $self->cpan_file);
        $dist->get;
        $self->debug($dist->as_string) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        my($todir) = $CPAN::Config->{'cpan_home'};
        my(@me,$from,$to,$me);
        @me = split /::/, $self->id;
        $me[-1] .= ".pm";
        $me = File::Spec->catfile(@me);
        $from = $self->find_bundle_file($dist->{'build_dir'},$me);
        $to = File::Spec->catfile($todir,$me);
        File::Path::mkpath(File::Basename::dirname($to));
        File::Copy::copy($from, $to)
              or Carp::confess("Couldn't copy $from to $to: $!");
        $inst_file = $to;
    }
    my @result;
    my $fh = FileHandle->new;
    local $/ = "\n";
    open($fh,$inst_file) or die "Could not open '$inst_file': $!";
    my $in_cont = 0;
    $self->debug("inst_file[$inst_file]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    while (<$fh>) {
        $in_cont = m/^=(?!head1\s+CONTENTS)/ ? 0 :
            m/^=head1\s+CONTENTS/ ? 1 : $in_cont;
        next unless $in_cont;
        next if /^=/;
        s/\#.*//;
        next if /^\s+$/;
        chomp;
        push @result, (split " ", $_, 2)[0];
    }
    close $fh;
    delete $self->{STATUS};
    $self->{CONTAINS} = \@result;
    $self->debug("CONTAINS[@result]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    unless (@result) {
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
The bundle file "$inst_file" may be a broken
bundlefile. It seems not to contain any bundle definition.
Please check the file and if it is bogus, please delete it.
Sorry for the inconvenience.
});
    }
    @result;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::find_bundle_file
sub find_bundle_file {
    my($self,$where,$what) = @_;
    $self->debug("where[$where]what[$what]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
### The following two lines let CPAN.pm become Bundle/CPAN.pm :-(
###    my $bu = File::Spec->catfile($where,$what);
###    return $bu if -f $bu;
    my $manifest = File::Spec->catfile($where,"MANIFEST");
    unless (-f $manifest) {
	require ExtUtils::Manifest;
	my $cwd = CPAN::anycwd();
	chdir $where or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$where": $!});
	ExtUtils::Manifest::mkmanifest();
	chdir $cwd or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Could not chdir to "$cwd": $!});
    }
    my $fh = FileHandle->new($manifest)
	or Carp::croak("Couldn't open $manifest: $!");
    local($/) = "\n";
    my $what2 = $what;
    if ($^O eq 'MacOS') {
      $what =~ s/^://;
      $what =~ tr|:|/|;
      $what2 =~ s/:Bundle://;
      $what2 =~ tr|:|/|;
    } else {
	$what2 =~ s|Bundle[/\\]||;
    }
    my $bu;
    while (<$fh>) {
	next if /^\s*\#/;
	my($file) = /(\S+)/;
	if ($file =~ m|\Q$what\E$|) {
	    $bu = $file;
	    # return File::Spec->catfile($where,$bu); # bad
	    last;
	}
	# retry if she managed to
	# have no Bundle directory
	$bu = $file if $file =~ m|\Q$what2\E$|;
    }
    $bu =~ tr|/|:| if $^O eq 'MacOS';
    return File::Spec->catfile($where, $bu) if $bu;
    Carp::croak("Couldn't find a Bundle file in $where");
}

# needs to work quite differently from Module::inst_file because of
# cpan_home/Bundle/ directory and the possibility that we have
# shadowing effect. As it makes no sense to take the first in @INC for
# Bundles, we parse them all for $VERSION and take the newest.

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::inst_file ;
sub inst_file {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($inst_file);
    my(@me);
    @me = split /::/, $self->id;
    $me[-1] .= ".pm";
    my($incdir,$bestv);
    foreach $incdir ($CPAN::Config->{'cpan_home'},@INC) {
        my $bfile = File::Spec->catfile($incdir, @me);
        CPAN->debug("bfile[$bfile]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        next unless -f $bfile;
        my $foundv = MM->parse_version($bfile);
        if (!$bestv || CPAN::Version->vgt($foundv,$bestv)) {
            $self->{INST_FILE} = $bfile;
            $self->{INST_VERSION} = $bestv = $foundv;
        }
    }
    $self->{INST_FILE};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::inst_version ;
sub inst_version {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->inst_file; # finds INST_VERSION as side effect
    $self->{INST_VERSION};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::rematein ;
sub rematein {
    my($self,$meth) = @_;
    $self->debug("self[$self] meth[$meth]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my($id) = $self->id;
    Carp::croak "Can't $meth $id, don't have an associated bundle file. :-(\n"
	unless $self->inst_file || $self->cpan_file;
    my($s,%fail);
    for $s ($self->contains) {
	my($type) = $s =~ m|/| ? 'CPAN::Distribution' :
	    $s =~ m|^Bundle::| ? 'CPAN::Bundle' : 'CPAN::Module';
	if ($type eq 'CPAN::Distribution') {
	    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
The Bundle }.$self->id.qq{ contains
explicitly a file $s.
});
	    sleep 3;
	}
	# possibly noisy action:
        $self->debug("type[$type] s[$s]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
	my $obj = $CPAN::META->instance($type,$s);
	$obj->$meth();
        if ($obj->isa(CPAN::Bundle)
            &&
            exists $obj->{install_failed}
            &&
            ref($obj->{install_failed}) eq "HASH"
           ) {
          for (keys %{$obj->{install_failed}}) {
            $self->{install_failed}{$_} = undef; # propagate faiure up
                                                 # to me in a
                                                 # recursive call
            $fail{$s} = 1; # the bundle itself may have succeeded but
                           # not all children
          }
        } else {
          my $success;
          $success = $obj->can("uptodate") ? $obj->uptodate : 0;
          $success ||= $obj->{'install'} && $obj->{'install'} eq "YES";
          if ($success) {
            delete $self->{install_failed}{$s};
          } else {
            $fail{$s} = 1;
          }
        }
    }

    # recap with less noise
    if ( $meth eq "install" ) {
	if (%fail) {
	    require Text::Wrap;
	    my $raw = sprintf(qq{Bundle summary:
The following items in bundle %s had installation problems:},
			      $self->id
			     );
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(Text::Wrap::fill("","",$raw));
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	    my $paragraph = "";
            my %reported;
	    for $s ($self->contains) {
              if ($fail{$s}){
		$paragraph .= "$s ";
                $self->{install_failed}{$s} = undef;
                $reported{$s} = undef;
              }
	    }
            my $report_propagated;
            for $s (sort keys %{$self->{install_failed}}) {
              next if exists $reported{$s};
              $paragraph .= "and the following items had problems
during recursive bundle calls: " unless $report_propagated++;
              $paragraph .= "$s ";
            }
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(Text::Wrap::fill("  ","  ",$paragraph));
	    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("\n");
	} else {
	    $self->{'install'} = 'YES';
	}
    }
}

#sub CPAN::Bundle::xs_file
sub xs_file {
    # If a bundle contains another that contains an xs_file we have
    # here, we just don't bother I suppose
    return 0;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::force ;
sub force   { shift->rematein('force',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::get ;
sub get     { shift->rematein('get',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::make ;
sub make    { shift->rematein('make',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::test ;
sub test    {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{badtestcnt} ||= 0;
    $self->rematein('test',@_);
}
#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::install ;
sub install {
  my $self = shift;
  $self->rematein('install',@_);
}
#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::clean ;
sub clean   { shift->rematein('clean',@_); }

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::uptodate ;
sub uptodate {
    my($self) = @_;
    return 0 unless $self->SUPER::uptodate; # we mut have the current Bundle def
    my $c;
    foreach $c ($self->contains) {
        my $obj = CPAN::Shell->expandany($c);
        return 0 unless $obj->uptodate;
    }
    return 1;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Bundle::readme ;
sub readme  {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($file) = $self->cpan_file or $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{
No File found for bundle } . $self->id . qq{\n}), return;
    $self->debug("self[$self] file[$file]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$file)->readme;
}

package CPAN::Module;

# Accessors
# sub CPAN::Module::userid
sub userid {
    my $self = shift;
    return unless exists $self->{RO}; # should never happen
    return $self->{RO}{userid} || $self->{RO}{CPAN_USERID};
}
# sub CPAN::Module::description
sub description { shift->{RO}{description} }

sub undelay {
    my $self = shift;
    delete $self->{later};
    if ( my $dist = CPAN::Shell->expand("Distribution", $self->cpan_file) ) {
        $dist->undelay;
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::color_cmd_tmps ;
sub color_cmd_tmps {
    my($self) = shift;
    my($depth) = shift || 0;
    my($color) = shift || 0;
    my($ancestors) = shift || [];
    # a module needs to recurse to its cpan_file

    return if exists $self->{incommandcolor}
        && $self->{incommandcolor}==$color;
    if ($depth>=100){
        $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(CPAN::Exception::RecursiveDependency->new($ancestors));
    }
    # warn "color_cmd_tmps $depth $color " . $self->id; # sleep 1;

    if ( my $dist = CPAN::Shell->expand("Distribution", $self->cpan_file) ) {
        $dist->color_cmd_tmps($depth+1,$color,[@$ancestors, $self->id]);
    }
    if ($color==0) {
        delete $self->{badtestcnt};
    }
    $self->{incommandcolor} = $color;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::as_glimpse ;
sub as_glimpse {
    my($self) = @_;
    my(@m);
    my $class = ref($self);
    $class =~ s/^CPAN:://;
    my $color_on = "";
    my $color_off = "";
    if (
        $CPAN::Shell::COLOR_REGISTERED
        &&
        $CPAN::META->has_inst("Term::ANSIColor")
        &&
        $self->{RO}{description}
       ) {
        $color_on = Term::ANSIColor::color("green");
        $color_off = Term::ANSIColor::color("reset");
    }
    push @m, sprintf("%-15s %s%-15s%s (%s)\n",
                     $class,
                     $color_on,
                     $self->id,
                     $color_off,
		     $self->cpan_file);
    join "", @m;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::as_string ;
sub as_string {
    my($self) = @_;
    my(@m);
    CPAN->debug("$self entering as_string") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    my $class = ref($self);
    $class =~ s/^CPAN:://;
    local($^W) = 0;
    push @m, $class, " id = $self->{ID}\n";
    my $sprintf = "    %-12s %s\n";
    push @m, sprintf($sprintf, 'DESCRIPTION', $self->description)
	if $self->description;
    my $sprintf2 = "    %-12s %s (%s)\n";
    my($userid);
    $userid = $self->userid;
    if ( $userid ){
	my $author;
	if ($author = CPAN::Shell->expand('Author',$userid)) {
	  my $email = "";
	  my $m; # old perls
	  if ($m = $author->email) {
            $email = " <$m>";
          }
	  push @m, sprintf(
			   $sprintf2,
			   'CPAN_USERID',
			   $userid,
			   $author->fullname . $email
			  );
	}
    }
    push @m, sprintf($sprintf, 'CPAN_VERSION', $self->cpan_version)
	if $self->cpan_version;
    push @m, sprintf($sprintf, 'CPAN_FILE', $self->cpan_file)
	if $self->cpan_file;
    my $sprintf3 = "    %-12s %1s%1s%1s%1s (%s,%s,%s,%s)\n";
    my(%statd,%stats,%statl,%stati);
    @statd{qw,? i c a b R M S,} = qw,unknown idea
	pre-alpha alpha beta released mature standard,;
    @stats{qw,? m d u n a,}       = qw,unknown mailing-list
	developer comp.lang.perl.* none abandoned,;
    @statl{qw,? p c + o h,}       = qw,unknown perl C C++ other hybrid,;
    @stati{qw,? f r O h,}         = qw,unknown functions
	references+ties object-oriented hybrid,;
    $statd{' '} = 'unknown';
    $stats{' '} = 'unknown';
    $statl{' '} = 'unknown';
    $stati{' '} = 'unknown';
    push @m, sprintf(
		     $sprintf3,
		     'DSLI_STATUS',
		     $self->{RO}{statd},
		     $self->{RO}{stats},
		     $self->{RO}{statl},
		     $self->{RO}{stati},
		     $statd{$self->{RO}{statd}},
		     $stats{$self->{RO}{stats}},
		     $statl{$self->{RO}{statl}},
		     $stati{$self->{RO}{stati}}
		    ) if $self->{RO}{statd};
    my $local_file = $self->inst_file;
    unless ($self->{MANPAGE}) {
        if ($local_file) {
            $self->{MANPAGE} = $self->manpage_headline($local_file);
        } else {
            # If we have already untarred it, we should look there
            my $dist = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',
                                             $self->cpan_file);
            # warn "dist[$dist]";
            # mff=manifest file; mfh=manifest handle
            my($mff,$mfh);
            if (
                $dist->{build_dir}
                and
                (-f  ($mff = File::Spec->catfile($dist->{build_dir}, "MANIFEST")))
                and
                $mfh = FileHandle->new($mff)
               ) {
                CPAN->debug("mff[$mff]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
                my $lfre = $self->id; # local file RE
                $lfre =~ s/::/./g;
                $lfre .= "\\.pm\$";
                my($lfl); # local file file
                local $/ = "\n";
                my(@mflines) = <$mfh>;
                for (@mflines) {
                    s/^\s+//;
                    s/\s.*//s;
                }
                while (length($lfre)>5 and !$lfl) {
                    ($lfl) = grep /$lfre/, @mflines;
                    CPAN->debug("lfl[$lfl]lfre[$lfre]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
                    $lfre =~ s/.+?\.//;
                }
                $lfl =~ s/\s.*//; # remove comments
                $lfl =~ s/\s+//g; # chomp would maybe be too system-specific
                my $lfl_abs = File::Spec->catfile($dist->{build_dir},$lfl);
                # warn "lfl_abs[$lfl_abs]";
                if (-f $lfl_abs) {
                    $self->{MANPAGE} = $self->manpage_headline($lfl_abs);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    my($item);
    for $item (qw/MANPAGE/) {
	push @m, sprintf($sprintf, $item, $self->{$item})
	    if exists $self->{$item};
    }
    for $item (qw/CONTAINS/) {
	push @m, sprintf($sprintf, $item, join(" ",@{$self->{$item}}))
	    if exists $self->{$item} && @{$self->{$item}};
    }
    push @m, sprintf($sprintf, 'INST_FILE',
		     $local_file || "(not installed)");
    push @m, sprintf($sprintf, 'INST_VERSION',
		     $self->inst_version) if $local_file;
    join "", @m, "\n";
}

sub manpage_headline {
  my($self,$local_file) = @_;
  my(@local_file) = $local_file;
  $local_file =~ s/\.pm(?!\n)\Z/.pod/;
  push @local_file, $local_file;
  my(@result,$locf);
  for $locf (@local_file) {
    next unless -f $locf;
    my $fh = FileHandle->new($locf)
	or $Carp::Frontend->mydie("Couldn't open $locf: $!");
    my $inpod = 0;
    local $/ = "\n";
    while (<$fh>) {
      $inpod = m/^=(?!head1\s+NAME\s*$)/ ? 0 :
	  m/^=head1\s+NAME\s*$/ ? 1 : $inpod;
      next unless $inpod;
      next if /^=/;
      next if /^\s+$/;
      chomp;
      push @result, $_;
    }
    close $fh;
    last if @result;
  }
  join " ", @result;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::cpan_file ;
# Note: also inherited by CPAN::Bundle
sub cpan_file {
    my $self = shift;
    CPAN->debug(sprintf "id[%s]", $self->id) if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    unless (defined $self->{RO}{CPAN_FILE}) {
	CPAN::Index->reload;
    }
    if (exists $self->{RO}{CPAN_FILE} && defined $self->{RO}{CPAN_FILE}){
	return $self->{RO}{CPAN_FILE};
    } else {
        my $userid = $self->userid;
        if ( $userid ) {
            if ($CPAN::META->exists("CPAN::Author",$userid)) {
                my $author = $CPAN::META->instance("CPAN::Author",
                                                   $userid);
                my $fullname = $author->fullname;
                my $email = $author->email;
                unless (defined $fullname && defined $email) {
                    return sprintf("Contact Author %s",
                                   $userid,
                                  );
                }
                return "Contact Author $fullname <$email>";
            } else {
                return "UserID $userid";
            }
        } else {
            return "N/A";
        }
    }
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::cpan_version ;
sub cpan_version {
    my $self = shift;

    $self->{RO}{CPAN_VERSION} = 'undef'
	unless defined $self->{RO}{CPAN_VERSION};
    # I believe this is always a bug in the index and should be reported
    # as such, but usually I find out such an error and do not want to
    # provoke too many bugreports

    $self->{RO}{CPAN_VERSION};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::force ;
sub force {
    my($self) = @_;
    $self->{'force_update'}++;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::rematein ;
sub rematein {
    my($self,$meth) = @_;
    $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(sprintf("Running %s for module %s\n",
                                     $meth,
                                     $self->id));
    my $cpan_file = $self->cpan_file;
    if ($cpan_file eq "N/A" || $cpan_file =~ /^Contact Author/){
      $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(sprintf qq{
  The module %s isn\'t available on CPAN.

  Either the module has not yet been uploaded to CPAN, or it is
  temporary unavailable. Please contact the author to find out
  more about the status. Try 'i %s'.
},
			      $self->id,
			      $self->id,
			     );
      return;
    }
    my $pack = $CPAN::META->instance('CPAN::Distribution',$cpan_file);
    $pack->called_for($self->id);
    $pack->force($meth) if exists $self->{'force_update'};
    $pack->$meth();
    $pack->unforce if $pack->can("unforce") && exists $self->{'force_update'};
    delete $self->{'force_update'};
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::readme ;
sub readme { shift->rematein('readme') }
#-> sub CPAN::Module::look ;
sub look { shift->rematein('look') }
#-> sub CPAN::Module::cvs_import ;
sub cvs_import { shift->rematein('cvs_import') }
#-> sub CPAN::Module::get ;
sub get    { shift->rematein('get',@_); }
#-> sub CPAN::Module::make ;
sub make   {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->rematein('make');
}
#-> sub CPAN::Module::test ;
sub test   {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{badtestcnt} ||= 0;
    $self->rematein('test',@_);
}
#-> sub CPAN::Module::uptodate ;
sub uptodate {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($latest) = $self->cpan_version;
    $latest ||= 0;
    my($inst_file) = $self->inst_file;
    my($have) = 0;
    if (defined $inst_file) {
	$have = $self->inst_version;
    }
    local($^W)=0;
    if ($inst_file
	&&
	! CPAN::Version->vgt($latest, $have)
       ) {
        CPAN->debug("returning uptodate. inst_file[$inst_file] ".
                    "latest[$latest] have[$have]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        return 1;
    }
    return;
}
#-> sub CPAN::Module::install ;
sub install {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($doit) = 0;
    if ($self->uptodate
	&&
	not exists $self->{'force_update'}
       ) {
	$CPAN::Frontend->myprint( $self->id. " is up to date.\n");
    } else {
	$doit = 1;
    }
    if ($self->{RO}{stats} && $self->{RO}{stats} eq "a") {
        $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn(qq{
\n\n\n     ***WARNING***
     The module $self->{ID} has no active maintainer.\n\n\n
});
        sleep 5;
    }
    $self->rematein('install') if $doit;
}
#-> sub CPAN::Module::clean ;
sub clean  { shift->rematein('clean') }

#-> sub CPAN::Module::inst_file ;
sub inst_file {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($dir,@packpath);
    @packpath = split /::/, $self->{ID};
    $packpath[-1] .= ".pm";
    foreach $dir (@INC) {
	my $pmfile = File::Spec->catfile($dir,@packpath);
	if (-f $pmfile){
	    return $pmfile;
	}
    }
    return;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::xs_file ;
sub xs_file {
    my($self) = @_;
    my($dir,@packpath);
    @packpath = split /::/, $self->{ID};
    push @packpath, $packpath[-1];
    $packpath[-1] .= "." . $Config::Config{'dlext'};
    foreach $dir (@INC) {
	my $xsfile = File::Spec->catfile($dir,'auto',@packpath);
	if (-f $xsfile){
	    return $xsfile;
	}
    }
    return;
}

#-> sub CPAN::Module::inst_version ;
sub inst_version {
    my($self) = @_;
    my $parsefile = $self->inst_file or return;
    local($^W) = 0 if $] < 5.00303 && $ExtUtils::MakeMaker::VERSION < 5.38;
    my $have;

    # there was a bug in 5.6.0 that let lots of unini warnings out of
    # parse_version. Fixed shortly after 5.6.0 by PMQS. We can remove
    # the following workaround after 5.6.1 is out.
    local($SIG{__WARN__}) =  sub { my $w = shift;
                                   return if $w =~ /uninitialized/i;
                                   warn $w;
                                 };

    $have = MM->parse_version($parsefile) || "undef";
    $have =~ s/^ //; # since the %vd hack these two lines here are needed
    $have =~ s/ $//; # trailing whitespace happens all the time

    # My thoughts about why %vd processing should happen here

    # Alt1 maintain it as string with leading v:
    # read index files     do nothing
    # compare it           use utility for compare
    # print it             do nothing

    # Alt2 maintain it as what it is
    # read index files     convert
    # compare it           use utility because there's still a ">" vs "gt" issue
    # print it             use CPAN::Version for print

    # Seems cleaner to hold it in memory as a string starting with a "v"

    # If the author of this module made a mistake and wrote a quoted
    # "v1.13" instead of v1.13, we simply leave it at that with the
    # effect that *we* will treat it like a v-tring while the rest of
    # perl won't. Seems sensible when we consider that any action we
    # could take now would just add complexity.

    $have = CPAN::Version->readable($have);

    $have =~ s/\s*//g; # stringify to float around floating point issues
    $have; # no stringify needed, \s* above matches always
}

package CPAN::Tarzip;

# CPAN::Tarzip::gzip
sub gzip {
  my($class,$read,$write) = @_;
  if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Compress::Zlib")) {
    my($buffer,$fhw);
    $fhw = FileHandle->new($read)
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Could not open $read: $!");
    my $gz = Compress::Zlib::gzopen($write, "wb")
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Cannot gzopen $write: $!\n");
    $gz->gzwrite($buffer)
	while read($fhw,$buffer,4096) > 0 ;
    $gz->gzclose() ;
    $fhw->close;
    return 1;
  } else {
    system("$CPAN::Config->{gzip} -c $read > $write")==0;
  }
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::gunzip
sub gunzip {
  my($class,$read,$write) = @_;
  if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Compress::Zlib")) {
    my($buffer,$fhw);
    $fhw = FileHandle->new(">$write")
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Could not open >$write: $!");
    my $gz = Compress::Zlib::gzopen($read, "rb")
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Cannot gzopen $read: $!\n");
    $fhw->print($buffer)
	while $gz->gzread($buffer) > 0 ;
    $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Error reading from $read: $!\n")
	if $gz->gzerror != Compress::Zlib::Z_STREAM_END();
    $gz->gzclose() ;
    $fhw->close;
    return 1;
  } else {
    system("$CPAN::Config->{gzip} -dc $read > $write")==0;
  }
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::gtest
sub gtest {
  my($class,$read) = @_;
  # After I had reread the documentation in zlib.h, I discovered that
  # uncompressed files do not lead to an gzerror (anymore?).
  if ( $CPAN::META->has_inst("Compress::Zlib") ) {
    my($buffer,$len);
    $len = 0;
    my $gz = Compress::Zlib::gzopen($read, "rb")
	or $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(sprintf("Cannot gzopen %s: %s\n",
                                          $read,
                                          $Compress::Zlib::gzerrno));
    while ($gz->gzread($buffer) > 0 ){
        $len += length($buffer);
        $buffer = "";
    }
    my $err = $gz->gzerror;
    my $success = ! $err || $err == Compress::Zlib::Z_STREAM_END();
    if ($len == -s $read){
        $success = 0;
        CPAN->debug("hit an uncompressed file") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    }
    $gz->gzclose();
    CPAN->debug("err[$err]success[$success]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
    return $success;
  } else {
      return system("$CPAN::Config->{gzip} -dt $read")==0;
  }
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::TIEHANDLE
sub TIEHANDLE {
  my($class,$file) = @_;
  my $ret;
  $class->debug("file[$file]");
  if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Compress::Zlib")) {
    my $gz = Compress::Zlib::gzopen($file,"rb") or
	die "Could not gzopen $file";
    $ret = bless {GZ => $gz}, $class;
  } else {
    my $pipe = "$CPAN::Config->{gzip} --decompress --stdout $file |";
    my $fh = FileHandle->new($pipe) or die "Could not pipe[$pipe]: $!";
    binmode $fh;
    $ret = bless {FH => $fh}, $class;
  }
  $ret;
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::READLINE
sub READLINE {
  my($self) = @_;
  if (exists $self->{GZ}) {
    my $gz = $self->{GZ};
    my($line,$bytesread);
    $bytesread = $gz->gzreadline($line);
    return undef if $bytesread <= 0;
    return $line;
  } else {
    my $fh = $self->{FH};
    return scalar <$fh>;
  }
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::READ
sub READ {
  my($self,$ref,$length,$offset) = @_;
  die "read with offset not implemented" if defined $offset;
  if (exists $self->{GZ}) {
    my $gz = $self->{GZ};
    my $byteread = $gz->gzread($$ref,$length);# 30eaf79e8b446ef52464b5422da328a8
    return $byteread;
  } else {
    my $fh = $self->{FH};
    return read($fh,$$ref,$length);
  }
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::DESTROY
sub DESTROY {
    my($self) = @_;
    if (exists $self->{GZ}) {
        my $gz = $self->{GZ};
        $gz->gzclose() if defined $gz; # hard to say if it is allowed
                                       # to be undef ever. AK, 2000-09
    } else {
        my $fh = $self->{FH};
        $fh->close if defined $fh;
    }
    undef $self;
}


# CPAN::Tarzip::untar
sub untar {
  my($class,$file) = @_;
  my($prefer) = 0;

  if (0) { # makes changing order easier
  } elsif ($BUGHUNTING){
      $prefer=2;
  } elsif (MM->maybe_command($CPAN::Config->{gzip})
           &&
           MM->maybe_command($CPAN::Config->{'tar'})) {
      # should be default until Archive::Tar is fixed
      $prefer = 1;
  } elsif (
           $CPAN::META->has_inst("Archive::Tar")
           &&
           $CPAN::META->has_inst("Compress::Zlib") ) {
      $prefer = 2;
  } else {
    $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{
CPAN.pm needs either both external programs tar and gzip installed or
both the modules Archive::Tar and Compress::Zlib. Neither prerequisite
is available. Can\'t continue.
});
  }
  if ($prefer==1) { # 1 => external gzip+tar
    my($system);
    my $is_compressed = $class->gtest($file);
    if ($is_compressed) {
        $system = "$CPAN::Config->{gzip} --decompress --stdout " .
            "< $file | $CPAN::Config->{tar} xvf -";
    } else {
        $system = "$CPAN::Config->{tar} xvf $file";
    }
    if (system($system) != 0) {
        # people find the most curious tar binaries that cannot handle
        # pipes
        if ($is_compressed) {
            (my $ungzf = $file) =~ s/\.gz(?!\n)\Z//;
            if (CPAN::Tarzip->gunzip($file, $ungzf)) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Uncompressed $file successfully\n});
            } else {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Couldn\'t uncompress $file\n});
            }
            $file = $ungzf;
        }
        $system = "$CPAN::Config->{tar} xvf $file";
        $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Using Tar:$system:\n});
        if (system($system)==0) {
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint(qq{Untarred $file successfully\n});
        } else {
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie(qq{Couldn\'t untar $file\n});
        }
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 1;
    }
  } elsif ($prefer==2) { # 2 => modules
    my $tar = Archive::Tar->new($file,1);
    my $af; # archive file
    my @af;
    if ($BUGHUNTING) {
        # RCS 1.337 had this code, it turned out unacceptable slow but
        # it revealed a bug in Archive::Tar. Code is only here to hunt
        # the bug again. It should never be enabled in published code.
        # GDGraph3d-0.53 was an interesting case according to Larry
        # Virden.
        warn(">>>Bughunting code enabled<<< " x 20);
        for $af ($tar->list_files) {
            if ($af =~ m!^(/|\.\./)!) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("ALERT: Archive contains ".
                                       "illegal member [$af]");
            }
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("$af\n");
            $tar->extract($af); # slow but effective for finding the bug
            return if $CPAN::Signal;
        }
    } else {
        for $af ($tar->list_files) {
            if ($af =~ m!^(/|\.\./)!) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("ALERT: Archive contains ".
                                       "illegal member [$af]");
            }
            $CPAN::Frontend->myprint("$af\n");
            push @af, $af;
            return if $CPAN::Signal;
        }
        $tar->extract(@af);
    }

    Mac::BuildTools::convert_files([$tar->list_files], 1)
        if ($^O eq 'MacOS');

    return 1;
  }
}

sub unzip {
    my($class,$file) = @_;
    if ($CPAN::META->has_inst("Archive::Zip")) {
        # blueprint of the code from Archive::Zip::Tree::extractTree();
        my $zip = Archive::Zip->new();
        my $status;
        $status = $zip->read($file);
        die "Read of file[$file] failed\n" if $status != Archive::Zip::AZ_OK();
        $CPAN::META->debug("Successfully read file[$file]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
        my @members = $zip->members();
        for my $member ( @members ) {
            my $af = $member->fileName();
            if ($af =~ m!^(/|\.\./)!) {
                $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("ALERT: Archive contains ".
                                       "illegal member [$af]");
            }
            my $status = $member->extractToFileNamed( $af );
            $CPAN::META->debug("af[$af]status[$status]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
            die "Extracting of file[$af] from zipfile[$file] failed\n" if
                $status != Archive::Zip::AZ_OK();
            return if $CPAN::Signal;
        }
        return 1;
    } else {
        my $unzip = $CPAN::Config->{unzip} or
            $CPAN::Frontend->mydie("Cannot unzip, no unzip program available");
        my @system = ($unzip, $file);
        return system(@system) == 0;
    }
}


package CPAN::Version;
# CPAN::Version::vcmp courtesy Jost Krieger
sub vcmp {
  my($self,$l,$r) = @_;
  local($^W) = 0;
  CPAN->debug("l[$l] r[$r]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;

  return 0 if $l eq $r; # short circuit for quicker success

  if ($l=~/^v/ <=> $r=~/^v/) {
      for ($l,$r) {
          next if /^v/;
          $_ = $self->float2vv($_);
      }
  }

  return
      ($l ne "undef") <=> ($r ne "undef") ||
          ($] >= 5.006 &&
           $l =~ /^v/ &&
           $r =~ /^v/ &&
           $self->vstring($l) cmp $self->vstring($r)) ||
               $l <=> $r ||
                   $l cmp $r;
}

sub vgt {
  my($self,$l,$r) = @_;
  $self->vcmp($l,$r) > 0;
}

sub vstring {
  my($self,$n) = @_;
  $n =~ s/^v// or die "CPAN::Version::vstring() called with invalid arg [$n]";
  pack "U*", split /\./, $n;
}

# vv => visible vstring
sub float2vv {
    my($self,$n) = @_;
    my($rev) = int($n);
    $rev ||= 0;
    my($mantissa) = $n =~ /\.(\d{1,12})/; # limit to 12 digits to limit
                                          # architecture influence
    $mantissa ||= 0;
    $mantissa .= "0" while length($mantissa)%3;
    my $ret = "v" . $rev;
    while ($mantissa) {
        $mantissa =~ s/(\d{1,3})// or
            die "Panic: length>0 but not a digit? mantissa[$mantissa]";
        $ret .= ".".int($1);
    }
    # warn "n[$n]ret[$ret]";
    $ret;
}

sub readable {
  my($self,$n) = @_;
  $n =~ /^([\w\-\+\.]+)/;

  return $1 if defined $1 && length($1)>0;
  # if the first user reaches version v43, he will be treated as "+".
  # We'll have to decide about a new rule here then, depending on what
  # will be the prevailing versioning behavior then.

  if ($] < 5.006) { # or whenever v-strings were introduced
    # we get them wrong anyway, whatever we do, because 5.005 will
    # have already interpreted 0.2.4 to be "0.24". So even if he
    # indexer sends us something like "v0.2.4" we compare wrongly.

    # And if they say v1.2, then the old perl takes it as "v12"

    $CPAN::Frontend->mywarn("Suspicious version string seen [$n]\n");
    return $n;
  }
  my $better = sprintf "v%vd", $n;
  CPAN->debug("n[$n] better[$better]") if $CPAN::DEBUG;
  return $better;
}

package CPAN;

1;

__END__

=head1 NAME

CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites

=head1 SYNOPSIS

Interactive mode:

  perl -MCPAN -e shell;

Batch mode:

  use CPAN;

  autobundle, clean, install, make, recompile, test

=head1 STATUS

This module will eventually be replaced by CPANPLUS. CPANPLUS is kind
of a modern rewrite from ground up with greater extensibility and more
features but no full compatibility. If you're new to CPAN.pm, you
probably should investigate if CPANPLUS is the better choice for you.
If you're already used to CPAN.pm you're welcome to continue using it,
if you accept that its development is mostly (though not completely)
stalled.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

The CPAN module is designed to automate the make and install of perl
modules and extensions. It includes some primitive searching capabilities and
knows how to use Net::FTP or LWP (or lynx or an external ftp client)
to fetch the raw data from the net.

Modules are fetched from one or more of the mirrored CPAN
(Comprehensive Perl Archive Network) sites and unpacked in a dedicated
directory.

The CPAN module also supports the concept of named and versioned
I<bundles> of modules. Bundles simplify the handling of sets of
related modules. See Bundles below.

The package contains a session manager and a cache manager. There is
no status retained between sessions. The session manager keeps track
of what has been fetched, built and installed in the current
session. The cache manager keeps track of the disk space occupied by
the make processes and deletes excess space according to a simple FIFO
mechanism.

For extended searching capabilities there's a plugin for CPAN available,
L<C<CPAN::WAIT>|CPAN::WAIT>. C<CPAN::WAIT> is a full-text search engine
that indexes all documents available in CPAN authors directories. If
C<CPAN::WAIT> is installed on your system, the interactive shell of
CPAN.pm will enable the C<wq>, C<wr>, C<wd>, C<wl>, and C<wh> commands
which send queries to the WAIT server that has been configured for your
installation.

All other methods provided are accessible in a programmer style and in an
interactive shell style.

=head2 Interactive Mode

The interactive mode is entered by running

    perl -MCPAN -e shell

which puts you into a readline interface. You will have the most fun if
you install Term::ReadKey and Term::ReadLine to enjoy both history and
command completion.

Once you are on the command line, type 'h' and the rest should be
self-explanatory.

The function call C<shell> takes two optional arguments, one is the
prompt, the second is the default initial command line (the latter
only works if a real ReadLine interface module is installed).

The most common uses of the interactive modes are

=over 2

=item Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules

There are corresponding one-letter commands C<a>, C<b>, C<d>, and C<m>
for each of the four categories and another, C<i> for any of the
mentioned four. Each of the four entities is implemented as a class
with slightly differing methods for displaying an object.

Arguments you pass to these commands are either strings exactly matching
the identification string of an object or regular expressions that are
then matched case-insensitively against various attributes of the
objects. The parser recognizes a regular expression only if you
enclose it between two slashes.

The principle is that the number of found objects influences how an
item is displayed. If the search finds one item, the result is
displayed with the rather verbose method C<as_string>, but if we find
more than one, we display each object with the terse method
<as_glimpse>.

=item make, test, install, clean  modules or distributions

These commands take any number of arguments and investigate what is
necessary to perform the action. If the argument is a distribution
file name (recognized by embedded slashes), it is processed. If it is
a module, CPAN determines the distribution file in which this module
is included and processes that, following any dependencies named in
the module's Makefile.PL (this behavior is controlled by
I<prerequisites_policy>.)

Any C<make> or C<test> are run unconditionally. An

  install <distribution_file>

also is run unconditionally. But for

  install <module>

CPAN checks if an install is actually needed for it and prints
I<module up to date> in the case that the distribution file containing
the module doesn't need to be updated.

CPAN also keeps track of what it has done within the current session
and doesn't try to build a package a second time regardless if it
succeeded or not. The C<force> command takes as a first argument the
method to invoke (currently: C<make>, C<test>, or C<install>) and executes the
command from scratch.

Example:

    cpan> install OpenGL
    OpenGL is up to date.
    cpan> force install OpenGL
    Running make
    OpenGL-0.4/
    OpenGL-0.4/COPYRIGHT
    [...]

A C<clean> command results in a

  make clean

being executed within the distribution file's working directory.

=item get, readme, look module or distribution

C<get> downloads a distribution file without further action. C<readme>
displays the README file of the associated distribution. C<Look> gets
and untars (if not yet done) the distribution file, changes to the
appropriate directory and opens a subshell process in that directory.

=item ls author

C<ls> lists all distribution files in and below an author's CPAN
directory. Only those files that contain modules are listed and if
there is more than one for any given module, only the most recent one
is listed.

=item Signals

CPAN.pm installs signal handlers for SIGINT and SIGTERM. While you are
in the cpan-shell it is intended that you can press C<^C> anytime and
return to the cpan-shell prompt. A SIGTERM will cause the cpan-shell
to clean up and leave the shell loop. You can emulate the effect of a
SIGTERM by sending two consecutive SIGINTs, which usually means by
pressing C<^C> twice.

CPAN.pm ignores a SIGPIPE. If the user sets inactivity_timeout, a
SIGALRM is used during the run of the C<perl Makefile.PL> subprocess.

=back

=head2 CPAN::Shell

The commands that are available in the shell interface are methods in
the package CPAN::Shell. If you enter the shell command, all your
input is split by the Text::ParseWords::shellwords() routine which
acts like most shells do. The first word is being interpreted as the
method to be called and the rest of the words are treated as arguments
to this method. Continuation lines are supported if a line ends with a
literal backslash.

=head2 autobundle

C<autobundle> writes a bundle file into the
C<$CPAN::Config-E<gt>{cpan_home}/Bundle> directory. The file contains
a list of all modules that are both available from CPAN and currently
installed within @INC. The name of the bundle file is based on the
current date and a counter.

=head2 recompile

recompile() is a very special command in that it takes no argument and
runs the make/test/install cycle with brute force over all installed
dynamically loadable extensions (aka XS modules) with 'force' in
effect. The primary purpose of this command is to finish a network
installation. Imagine, you have a common source tree for two different
architectures. You decide to do a completely independent fresh
installation. You start on one architecture with the help of a Bundle
file produced earlier. CPAN installs the whole Bundle for you, but
when you try to repeat the job on the second architecture, CPAN
responds with a C<"Foo up to date"> message for all modules. So you
invoke CPAN's recompile on the second architecture and you're done.

Another popular use for C<recompile> is to act as a rescue in case your
perl breaks binary compatibility. If one of the modules that CPAN uses
is in turn depending on binary compatibility (so you cannot run CPAN
commands), then you should try the CPAN::Nox module for recovery.

=head2 The four C<CPAN::*> Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution

Although it may be considered internal, the class hierarchy does matter
for both users and programmer. CPAN.pm deals with above mentioned four
classes, and all those classes share a set of methods. A classical
single polymorphism is in effect. A metaclass object registers all
objects of all kinds and indexes them with a string. The strings
referencing objects have a separated namespace (well, not completely
separated):

         Namespace                         Class

   words containing a "/" (slash)      Distribution
    words starting with Bundle::          Bundle
          everything else            Module or Author

Modules know their associated Distribution objects. They always refer
to the most recent official release. Developers may mark their releases
as unstable development versions (by inserting an underbar into the
module version number which will also be reflected in the distribution
name when you run 'make dist'), so the really hottest and newest 
distribution is not always the default.  If a module Foo circulates 
on CPAN in both version 1.23 and 1.23_90, CPAN.pm offers a convenient 
way to install version 1.23 by saying

    install Foo

This would install the complete distribution file (say
BAR/Foo-1.23.tar.gz) with all accompanying material. But if you would
like to install version 1.23_90, you need to know where the
distribution file resides on CPAN relative to the authors/id/
directory. If the author is BAR, this might be BAR/Foo-1.23_90.tar.gz;
so you would have to say

    install BAR/Foo-1.23_90.tar.gz

The first example will be driven by an object of the class
CPAN::Module, the second by an object of class CPAN::Distribution.

=head2 Programmer's interface

If you do not enter the shell, the available shell commands are both
available as methods (C<CPAN::Shell-E<gt>install(...)>) and as
functions in the calling package (C<install(...)>).

There's currently only one class that has a stable interface -
CPAN::Shell. All commands that are available in the CPAN shell are
methods of the class CPAN::Shell. Each of the commands that produce
listings of modules (C<r>, C<autobundle>, C<u>) also return a list of
the IDs of all modules within the list.

=over 2

=item expand($type,@things)

The IDs of all objects available within a program are strings that can
be expanded to the corresponding real objects with the
C<CPAN::Shell-E<gt>expand("Module",@things)> method. Expand returns a
list of CPAN::Module objects according to the C<@things> arguments
given. In scalar context it only returns the first element of the
list.

=item expandany(@things)

Like expand, but returns objects of the appropriate type, i.e.
CPAN::Bundle objects for bundles, CPAN::Module objects for modules and
CPAN::Distribution objects fro distributions.

=item Programming Examples

This enables the programmer to do operations that combine
functionalities that are available in the shell.

    # install everything that is outdated on my disk:
    perl -MCPAN -e 'CPAN::Shell->install(CPAN::Shell->r)'

    # install my favorite programs if necessary:
    for $mod (qw(Net::FTP Digest::MD5 Data::Dumper)){
        my $obj = CPAN::Shell->expand('Module',$mod);
        $obj->install;
    }

    # list all modules on my disk that have no VERSION number
    for $mod (CPAN::Shell->expand("Module","/./")){
	next unless $mod->inst_file;
        # MakeMaker convention for undefined $VERSION:
	next unless $mod->inst_version eq "undef";
	print "No VERSION in ", $mod->id, "\n";
    }

    # find out which distribution on CPAN contains a module:
    print CPAN::Shell->expand("Module","Apache::Constants")->cpan_file

Or if you want to write a cronjob to watch The CPAN, you could list
all modules that need updating. First a quick and dirty way:

    perl -e 'use CPAN; CPAN::Shell->r;'

If you don't want to get any output in the case that all modules are
up to date, you can parse the output of above command for the regular
expression //modules are up to date// and decide to mail the output
only if it doesn't match. Ick?

If you prefer to do it more in a programmer style in one single
process, maybe something like this suits you better:

  # list all modules on my disk that have newer versions on CPAN
  for $mod (CPAN::Shell->expand("Module","/./")){
    next unless $mod->inst_file;
    next if $mod->uptodate;
    printf "Module %s is installed as %s, could be updated to %s from CPAN\n",
        $mod->id, $mod->inst_version, $mod->cpan_version;
  }

If that gives you too much output every day, you maybe only want to
watch for three modules. You can write

  for $mod (CPAN::Shell->expand("Module","/Apache|LWP|CGI/")){

as the first line instead. Or you can combine some of the above
tricks:

  # watch only for a new mod_perl module
  $mod = CPAN::Shell->expand("Module","mod_perl");
  exit if $mod->uptodate;
  # new mod_perl arrived, let me know all update recommendations
  CPAN::Shell->r;

=back

=head2 Methods in the other Classes

The programming interface for the classes CPAN::Module,
CPAN::Distribution, CPAN::Bundle, and CPAN::Author is still considered
beta and partially even alpha. In the following paragraphs only those
methods are documented that have proven useful over a longer time and
thus are unlikely to change.

=over 4

=item CPAN::Author::as_glimpse()

Returns a one-line description of the author

=item CPAN::Author::as_string()

Returns a multi-line description of the author

=item CPAN::Author::email()

Returns the author's email address

=item CPAN::Author::fullname()

Returns the author's name

=item CPAN::Author::name()

An alias for fullname

=item CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse()

Returns a one-line description of the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::as_string()

Returns a multi-line description of the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::clean()

Recursively runs the C<clean> method on all items contained in the bundle.

=item CPAN::Bundle::contains()

Returns a list of objects' IDs contained in a bundle. The associated
objects may be bundles, modules or distributions.

=item CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args)

Forces CPAN to perform a task that normally would have failed. Force
takes as arguments a method name to be called and any number of
additional arguments that should be passed to the called method. The
internals of the object get the needed changes so that CPAN.pm does
not refuse to take the action. The C<force> is passed recursively to
all contained objects.

=item CPAN::Bundle::get()

Recursively runs the C<get> method on all items contained in the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::inst_file()

Returns the highest installed version of the bundle in either @INC or
C<$CPAN::Config->{cpan_home}>. Note that this is different from
CPAN::Module::inst_file.

=item CPAN::Bundle::inst_version()

Like CPAN::Bundle::inst_file, but returns the $VERSION

=item CPAN::Bundle::uptodate()

Returns 1 if the bundle itself and all its members are uptodate.

=item CPAN::Bundle::install()

Recursively runs the C<install> method on all items contained in the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::make()

Recursively runs the C<make> method on all items contained in the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::readme()

Recursively runs the C<readme> method on all items contained in the bundle

=item CPAN::Bundle::test()

Recursively runs the C<test> method on all items contained in the bundle

=item CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse()

Returns a one-line description of the distribution

=item CPAN::Distribution::as_string()

Returns a multi-line description of the distribution

=item CPAN::Distribution::clean()

Changes to the directory where the distribution has been unpacked and
runs C<make clean> there.

=item CPAN::Distribution::containsmods()

Returns a list of IDs of modules contained in a distribution file.
Only works for distributions listed in the 02packages.details.txt.gz
file. This typically means that only the most recent version of a
distribution is covered.

=item CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import()

Changes to the directory where the distribution has been unpacked and
runs something like

    cvs -d $cvs_root import -m $cvs_log $cvs_dir $userid v$version

there.

=item CPAN::Distribution::dir()

Returns the directory into which this distribution has been unpacked.

=item CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args)

Forces CPAN to perform a task that normally would have failed. Force
takes as arguments a method name to be called and any number of
additional arguments that should be passed to the called method. The
internals of the object get the needed changes so that CPAN.pm does
not refuse to take the action.

=item CPAN::Distribution::get()

Downloads the distribution from CPAN and unpacks it. Does nothing if
the distribution has already been downloaded and unpacked within the
current session.

=item CPAN::Distribution::install()

Changes to the directory where the distribution has been unpacked and
runs the external command C<make install> there. If C<make> has not
yet been run, it will be run first. A C<make test> will be issued in
any case and if this fails, the install will be canceled. The
cancellation can be avoided by letting C<force> run the C<install> for
you.

=item CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl()

Returns 1 if this distribution file seems to be a perl distribution.
Normally this is derived from the file name only, but the index from
CPAN can contain a hint to achieve a return value of true for other
filenames too.

=item CPAN::Distribution::look()

Changes to the directory where the distribution has been unpacked and
opens a subshell there. Exiting the subshell returns.

=item CPAN::Distribution::make()

First runs the C<get> method to make sure the distribution is
downloaded and unpacked. Changes to the directory where the
distribution has been unpacked and runs the external commands C<perl
Makefile.PL> and C<make> there.

=item CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm()

Returns the hash reference that has been announced by a distribution
as the PREREQ_PM hash in the Makefile.PL. Note: works only after an
attempt has been made to C<make> the distribution. Returns undef
otherwise.

=item CPAN::Distribution::readme()

Downloads the README file associated with a distribution and runs it
through the pager specified in C<$CPAN::Config->{pager}>.

=item CPAN::Distribution::test()

Changes to the directory where the distribution has been unpacked and
runs C<make test> there.

=item CPAN::Distribution::uptodate()

Returns 1 if all the modules contained in the distribution are
uptodate. Relies on containsmods.

=item CPAN::Index::force_reload()

Forces a reload of all indices.

=item CPAN::Index::reload()

Reloads all indices if they have been read more than
C<$CPAN::Config->{index_expire}> days.

=item CPAN::InfoObj::dump()

CPAN::Author, CPAN::Bundle, CPAN::Module, and CPAN::Distribution
inherit this method. It prints the data structure associated with an
object. Useful for debugging. Note: the data structure is considered
internal and thus subject to change without notice.

=item CPAN::Module::as_glimpse()

Returns a one-line description of the module

=item CPAN::Module::as_string()

Returns a multi-line description of the module

=item CPAN::Module::clean()

Runs a clean on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::cpan_file()

Returns the filename on CPAN that is associated with the module.

=item CPAN::Module::cpan_version()

Returns the latest version of this module available on CPAN.

=item CPAN::Module::cvs_import()

Runs a cvs_import on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::description()

Returns a 44 character description of this module. Only available for
modules listed in The Module List (CPAN/modules/00modlist.long.html
or 00modlist.long.txt.gz)

=item CPAN::Module::force($method,@args)

Forces CPAN to perform a task that normally would have failed. Force
takes as arguments a method name to be called and any number of
additional arguments that should be passed to the called method. The
internals of the object get the needed changes so that CPAN.pm does
not refuse to take the action.

=item CPAN::Module::get()

Runs a get on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::inst_file()

Returns the filename of the module found in @INC. The first file found
is reported just like perl itself stops searching @INC when it finds a
module.

=item CPAN::Module::inst_version()

Returns the version number of the module in readable format.

=item CPAN::Module::install()

Runs an C<install> on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::look()

Changes to the directory where the distribution associated with this
module has been unpacked and opens a subshell there. Exiting the
subshell returns.

=item CPAN::Module::make()

Runs a C<make> on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::manpage_headline()

If module is installed, peeks into the module's manpage, reads the
headline and returns it. Moreover, if the module has been downloaded
within this session, does the equivalent on the downloaded module even
if it is not installed.

=item CPAN::Module::readme()

Runs a C<readme> on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::test()

Runs a C<test> on the distribution associated with this module.

=item CPAN::Module::uptodate()

Returns 1 if the module is installed and up-to-date.

=item CPAN::Module::userid()

Returns the author's ID of the module.

=back

=head2 Cache Manager

Currently the cache manager only keeps track of the build directory
($CPAN::Config->{build_dir}). It is a simple FIFO mechanism that
deletes complete directories below C<build_dir> as soon as the size of
all directories there gets bigger than $CPAN::Config->{build_cache}
(in MB). The contents of this cache may be used for later
re-installations that you intend to do manually, but will never be
trusted by CPAN itself. This is due to the fact that the user might
use these directories for building modules on different architectures.

There is another directory ($CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where}) where
the original distribution files are kept. This directory is not
covered by the cache manager and must be controlled by the user. If
you choose to have the same directory as build_dir and as
keep_source_where directory, then your sources will be deleted with
the same fifo mechanism.

=head2 Bundles

A bundle is just a perl module in the namespace Bundle:: that does not
define any functions or methods. It usually only contains documentation.

It starts like a perl module with a package declaration and a $VERSION
variable. After that the pod section looks like any other pod with the
only difference being that I<one special pod section> exists starting with
(verbatim):

	=head1 CONTENTS

In this pod section each line obeys the format

        Module_Name [Version_String] [- optional text]

The only required part is the first field, the name of a module
(e.g. Foo::Bar, ie. I<not> the name of the distribution file). The rest
of the line is optional. The comment part is delimited by a dash just
as in the man page header.

The distribution of a bundle should follow the same convention as
other distributions.

Bundles are treated specially in the CPAN package. If you say 'install
Bundle::Tkkit' (assuming such a bundle exists), CPAN will install all
the modules in the CONTENTS section of the pod. You can install your
own Bundles locally by placing a conformant Bundle file somewhere into
your @INC path. The autobundle() command which is available in the
shell interface does that for you by including all currently installed
modules in a snapshot bundle file.

=head2 Prerequisites

If you have a local mirror of CPAN and can access all files with
"file:" URLs, then you only need a perl better than perl5.003 to run
this module. Otherwise Net::FTP is strongly recommended. LWP may be
required for non-UNIX systems or if your nearest CPAN site is
associated with a URL that is not C<ftp:>.

If you have neither Net::FTP nor LWP, there is a fallback mechanism
implemented for an external ftp command or for an external lynx
command.

=head2 Finding packages and VERSION

This module presumes that all packages on CPAN

=over 2

=item *

declare their $VERSION variable in an easy to parse manner. This
prerequisite can hardly be relaxed because it consumes far too much
memory to load all packages into the running program just to determine
the $VERSION variable. Currently all programs that are dealing with
version use something like this

    perl -MExtUtils::MakeMaker -le \
        'print MM->parse_version(shift)' filename

If you are author of a package and wonder if your $VERSION can be
parsed, please try the above method.

=item *

come as compressed or gzipped tarfiles or as zip files and contain a
Makefile.PL (well, we try to handle a bit more, but without much
enthusiasm).

=back

=head2 Debugging

The debugging of this module is a bit complex, because we have
interferences of the software producing the indices on CPAN, of the
mirroring process on CPAN, of packaging, of configuration, of
synchronicity, and of bugs within CPAN.pm.

For code debugging in interactive mode you can try "o debug" which
will list options for debugging the various parts of the code. You
should know that "o debug" has built-in completion support.

For data debugging there is the C<dump> command which takes the same
arguments as make/test/install and outputs the object's Data::Dumper
dump.

=head2 Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode

CPAN.pm works nicely without network too. If you maintain machines
that are not networked at all, you should consider working with file:
URLs. Of course, you have to collect your modules somewhere first. So
you might use CPAN.pm to put together all you need on a networked
machine. Then copy the $CPAN::Config->{keep_source_where} (but not
$CPAN::Config->{build_dir}) directory on a floppy. This floppy is kind
of a personal CPAN. CPAN.pm on the non-networked machines works nicely
with this floppy. See also below the paragraph about CD-ROM support.

=head1 CONFIGURATION

When the CPAN module is used for the first time, a configuration
dialog tries to determine a couple of site specific options. The
result of the dialog is stored in a hash reference C< $CPAN::Config >
in a file CPAN/Config.pm.

The default values defined in the CPAN/Config.pm file can be
overridden in a user specific file: CPAN/MyConfig.pm. Such a file is
best placed in $HOME/.cpan/CPAN/MyConfig.pm, because $HOME/.cpan is
added to the search path of the CPAN module before the use() or
require() statements.

The configuration dialog can be started any time later again by
issueing the command C< o conf init > in the CPAN shell.

Currently the following keys in the hash reference $CPAN::Config are
defined:

  build_cache        size of cache for directories to build modules
  build_dir          locally accessible directory to build modules
  index_expire       after this many days refetch index files
  cache_metadata     use serializer to cache metadata
  cpan_home          local directory reserved for this package
  dontload_hash      anonymous hash: modules in the keys will not be
                     loaded by the CPAN::has_inst() routine
  gzip		     location of external program gzip
  histfile           file to maintain history between sessions
  histsize           maximum number of lines to keep in histfile
  inactivity_timeout breaks interactive Makefile.PLs after this
                     many seconds inactivity. Set to 0 to never break.
  inhibit_startup_message
                     if true, does not print the startup message
  keep_source_where  directory in which to keep the source (if we do)
  make               location of external make program
  make_arg	     arguments that should always be passed to 'make'
  make_install_arg   same as make_arg for 'make install'
  makepl_arg	     arguments passed to 'perl Makefile.PL'
  pager              location of external program more (or any pager)
  prerequisites_policy
                     what to do if you are missing module prerequisites
                     ('follow' automatically, 'ask' me, or 'ignore')
  proxy_user         username for accessing an authenticating proxy
  proxy_pass         password for accessing an authenticating proxy
  scan_cache	     controls scanning of cache ('atstart' or 'never')
  tar                location of external program tar
  term_is_latin      if true internal UTF-8 is translated to ISO-8859-1
                     (and nonsense for characters outside latin range)
  unzip              location of external program unzip
  urllist	     arrayref to nearby CPAN sites (or equivalent locations)
  wait_list          arrayref to a wait server to try (See CPAN::WAIT)
  ftp_proxy,      }  the three usual variables for configuring
    http_proxy,   }  proxy requests. Both as CPAN::Config variables
    no_proxy      }  and as environment variables configurable.

You can set and query each of these options interactively in the cpan
shell with the command set defined within the C<o conf> command:

=over 2

=item C<o conf E<lt>scalar optionE<gt>>

prints the current value of the I<scalar option>

=item C<o conf E<lt>scalar optionE<gt> E<lt>valueE<gt>>

Sets the value of the I<scalar option> to I<value>

=item C<o conf E<lt>list optionE<gt>>

prints the current value of the I<list option> in MakeMaker's
neatvalue format.

=item C<o conf E<lt>list optionE<gt> [shift|pop]>

shifts or pops the array in the I<list option> variable

=item C<o conf E<lt>list optionE<gt> [unshift|push|splice] E<lt>listE<gt>>

works like the corresponding perl commands.

=back

=head2 Note on urllist parameter's format

urllist parameters are URLs according to RFC 1738. We do a little
guessing if your URL is not compliant, but if you have problems with
file URLs, please try the correct format. Either:

    file://localhost/whatever/ftp/pub/CPAN/

or

    file:///home/ftp/pub/CPAN/

=head2 urllist parameter has CD-ROM support

The C<urllist> parameter of the configuration table contains a list of
URLs that are to be used for downloading. If the list contains any
C<file> URLs, CPAN always tries to get files from there first. This
feature is disabled for index files. So the recommendation for the
owner of a CD-ROM with CPAN contents is: include your local, possibly
outdated CD-ROM as a C<file> URL at the end of urllist, e.g.

  o conf urllist push file://localhost/CDROM/CPAN

CPAN.pm will then fetch the index files from one of the CPAN sites
that come at the beginning of urllist. It will later check for each
module if there is a local copy of the most recent version.

Another peculiarity of urllist is that the site that we could
successfully fetch the last file from automatically gets a preference
token and is tried as the first site for the next request. So if you
add a new site at runtime it may happen that the previously preferred
site will be tried another time. This means that if you want to disallow
a site for the next transfer, it must be explicitly removed from
urllist.

=head1 SECURITY

There's no strong security layer in CPAN.pm. CPAN.pm helps you to
install foreign, unmasked, unsigned code on your machine. We compare
to a checksum that comes from the net just as the distribution file
itself. If somebody has managed to tamper with the distribution file,
they may have as well tampered with the CHECKSUMS file. Future
development will go towards strong authentication.

=head1 EXPORT

Most functions in package CPAN are exported per default. The reason
for this is that the primary use is intended for the cpan shell or for
one-liners.

=head1 POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES

Populating a freshly installed perl with my favorite modules is pretty
easy if you maintain a private bundle definition file. To get a useful
blueprint of a bundle definition file, the command autobundle can be used
on the CPAN shell command line. This command writes a bundle definition
file for all modules that are installed for the currently running perl
interpreter. It's recommended to run this command only once and from then
on maintain the file manually under a private name, say
Bundle/my_bundle.pm. With a clever bundle file you can then simply say

    cpan> install Bundle::my_bundle

then answer a few questions and then go out for a coffee.

Maintaining a bundle definition file means keeping track of two
things: dependencies and interactivity. CPAN.pm sometimes fails on
calculating dependencies because not all modules define all MakeMaker
attributes correctly, so a bundle definition file should specify
prerequisites as early as possible. On the other hand, it's a bit
annoying that many distributions need some interactive configuring. So
what I try to accomplish in my private bundle file is to have the
packages that need to be configured early in the file and the gentle
ones later, so I can go out after a few minutes and leave CPAN.pm
untended.

=head1 WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS

Thanks to Graham Barr for contributing the following paragraphs about
the interaction between perl, and various firewall configurations. For
further informations on firewalls, it is recommended to consult the
documentation that comes with the ncftp program. If you are unable to
go through the firewall with a simple Perl setup, it is very likely
that you can configure ncftp so that it works for your firewall.

=head2 Three basic types of firewalls

Firewalls can be categorized into three basic types.

=over 4

=item http firewall

This is where the firewall machine runs a web server and to access the
outside world you must do it via the web server. If you set environment
variables like http_proxy or ftp_proxy to a values beginning with http://
or in your web browser you have to set proxy information then you know
you are running an http firewall.

To access servers outside these types of firewalls with perl (even for
ftp) you will need to use LWP.

=item ftp firewall

This where the firewall machine runs an ftp server. This kind of
firewall will only let you access ftp servers outside the firewall.
This is usually done by connecting to the firewall with ftp, then
entering a username like "user@outside.host.com"

To access servers outside these type of firewalls with perl you
will need to use Net::FTP.

=item One way visibility

I say one way visibility as these firewalls try to make themselves look
invisible to the users inside the firewall. An FTP data connection is
normally created by sending the remote server your IP address and then
listening for the connection. But the remote server will not be able to
connect to you because of the firewall. So for these types of firewall
FTP connections need to be done in a passive mode.

There are two that I can think off.

=over 4

=item SOCKS

If you are using a SOCKS firewall you will need to compile perl and link
it with the SOCKS library, this is what is normally called a 'socksified'
perl. With this executable you will be able to connect to servers outside
the firewall as if it is not there.

=item IP Masquerade

This is the firewall implemented in the Linux kernel, it allows you to
hide a complete network behind one IP address. With this firewall no
special compiling is needed as you can access hosts directly.

For accessing ftp servers behind such firewalls you may need to set
the environment variable C<FTP_PASSIVE> to a true value, e.g.

    env FTP_PASSIVE=1 perl -MCPAN -eshell

or

    perl -MCPAN -e '$ENV{FTP_PASSIVE} = 1; shell'


=back

=back

=head2 Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall

If you can go through your firewall with e.g. lynx, presumably with a
command such as

    /usr/local/bin/lynx -pscott:tiger

then you would configure CPAN.pm with the command

    o conf lynx "/usr/local/bin/lynx -pscott:tiger"

That's all. Similarly for ncftp or ftp, you would configure something
like

    o conf ncftp "/usr/bin/ncftp -f /home/scott/ncftplogin.cfg"

Your mileage may vary...

=head1 FAQ

=over 4

=item 1)

I installed a new version of module X but CPAN keeps saying,
I have the old version installed

Most probably you B<do> have the old version installed. This can
happen if a module installs itself into a different directory in the
@INC path than it was previously installed. This is not really a
CPAN.pm problem, you would have the same problem when installing the
module manually. The easiest way to prevent this behaviour is to add
the argument C<UNINST=1> to the C<make install> call, and that is why
many people add this argument permanently by configuring

  o conf make_install_arg UNINST=1

=item 2)

So why is UNINST=1 not the default?

Because there are people who have their precise expectations about who
may install where in the @INC path and who uses which @INC array. In
fine tuned environments C<UNINST=1> can cause damage.

=item 3)

I want to clean up my mess, and install a new perl along with
all modules I have. How do I go about it?

Run the autobundle command for your old perl and optionally rename the
resulting bundle file (e.g. Bundle/mybundle.pm), install the new perl
with the Configure option prefix, e.g.

    ./Configure -Dprefix=/usr/local/perl-5.6.78.9

Install the bundle file you produced in the first step with something like

    cpan> install Bundle::mybundle

and you're done.

=item 4)

When I install bundles or multiple modules with one command
there is too much output to keep track of.

You may want to configure something like

  o conf make_arg "| tee -ai /root/.cpan/logs/make.out"
  o conf make_install_arg "| tee -ai /root/.cpan/logs/make_install.out"

so that STDOUT is captured in a file for later inspection.


=item 5)

I am not root, how can I install a module in a personal directory?

You will most probably like something like this:

  o conf makepl_arg "LIB=~/myperl/lib \
                    INSTALLMAN1DIR=~/myperl/man/man1 \
                    INSTALLMAN3DIR=~/myperl/man/man3"
  install Sybase::Sybperl

You can make this setting permanent like all C<o conf> settings with
C<o conf commit>.

You will have to add ~/myperl/man to the MANPATH environment variable
and also tell your perl programs to look into ~/myperl/lib, e.g. by
including

  use lib "$ENV{HOME}/myperl/lib";

or setting the PERL5LIB environment variable.

Another thing you should bear in mind is that the UNINST parameter
should never be set if you are not root.

=item 6)

How to get a package, unwrap it, and make a change before building it?

  look Sybase::Sybperl

=item 7)

I installed a Bundle and had a couple of fails. When I
retried, everything resolved nicely. Can this be fixed to work
on first try?

The reason for this is that CPAN does not know the dependencies of all
modules when it starts out. To decide about the additional items to
install, it just uses data found in the generated Makefile. An
undetected missing piece breaks the process. But it may well be that
your Bundle installs some prerequisite later than some depending item
and thus your second try is able to resolve everything. Please note,
CPAN.pm does not know the dependency tree in advance and cannot sort
the queue of things to install in a topologically correct order. It
resolves perfectly well IFF all modules declare the prerequisites
correctly with the PREREQ_PM attribute to MakeMaker. For bundles which
fail and you need to install often, it is recommended sort the Bundle
definition file manually. It is planned to improve the metadata
situation for dependencies on CPAN in general, but this will still
take some time.

=item 8)

In our intranet we have many modules for internal use. How
can I integrate these modules with CPAN.pm but without uploading
the modules to CPAN?

Have a look at the CPAN::Site module.

=item 9)

When I run CPAN's shell, I get error msg about line 1 to 4,
setting meta input/output via the /etc/inputrc file.

Some versions of readline are picky about capitalization in the
/etc/inputrc file and specifically RedHat 6.2 comes with a
/etc/inputrc that contains the word C<on> in lowercase. Change the
occurrences of C<on> to C<On> and the bug should disappear.

=item 10)

Some authors have strange characters in their names.

Internally CPAN.pm uses the UTF-8 charset. If your terminal is
expecting ISO-8859-1 charset, a converter can be activated by setting
term_is_latin to a true value in your config file. One way of doing so
would be

    cpan> ! $CPAN::Config->{term_is_latin}=1

Extended support for converters will be made available as soon as perl
becomes stable with regard to charset issues.

=back

=head1 BUGS

We should give coverage for B<all> of the CPAN and not just the PAUSE
part, right? In this discussion CPAN and PAUSE have become equal --
but they are not. PAUSE is authors/, modules/ and scripts/. CPAN is
PAUSE plus the clpa/, doc/, misc/, ports/, and src/.

Future development should be directed towards a better integration of
the other parts.

If a Makefile.PL requires special customization of libraries, prompts
the user for special input, etc. then you may find CPAN is not able to
build the distribution. In that case, you should attempt the
traditional method of building a Perl module package from a shell.

=head1 AUTHOR

Andreas Koenig E<lt>andreas.koenig@anima.deE<gt>

=head1 TRANSLATIONS

Kawai,Takanori provides a Japanese translation of this manpage at
http://member.nifty.ne.jp/hippo2000/perltips/CPAN.htm

=head1 SEE ALSO

perl(1), CPAN::Nox(3)

=cut