universal.c   [plain text]


/*    universal.c
 *
 *    Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
 *    by Larry Wall and others
 *
 *    You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
 *    License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
 *
 */

/*
 * "The roots of those mountains must be roots indeed; there must be
 * great secrets buried there which have not been discovered since the
 * beginning." --Gandalf, relating Gollum's story
 */

#include "EXTERN.h"
#define PERL_IN_UNIVERSAL_C
#include "perl.h"

#ifdef USE_PERLIO
#include "perliol.h" /* For the PERLIO_F_XXX */
#endif

/*
 * Contributed by Graham Barr  <Graham.Barr@tiuk.ti.com>
 * The main guts of traverse_isa was actually copied from gv_fetchmeth
 */

STATIC SV *
S_isa_lookup(pTHX_ HV *stash, const char *name, HV* name_stash,
             int len, int level)
{
    AV* av;
    GV* gv;
    GV** gvp;
    HV* hv = Nullhv;
    SV* subgen = Nullsv;

    /* A stash/class can go by many names (ie. User == main::User), so 
       we compare the stash itself just in case */
    if (name_stash && (stash == name_stash))
        return &PL_sv_yes;

    if (strEQ(HvNAME(stash), name))
	return &PL_sv_yes;

    if (level > 100)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Recursive inheritance detected in package '%s'",
		   HvNAME(stash));

    gvp = (GV**)hv_fetch(stash, "::ISA::CACHE::", 14, FALSE);

    if (gvp && (gv = *gvp) != (GV*)&PL_sv_undef && (subgen = GvSV(gv))
	&& (hv = GvHV(gv)))
    {
	if (SvIV(subgen) == (IV)PL_sub_generation) {
	    SV* sv;
	    SV** svp = (SV**)hv_fetch(hv, name, len, FALSE);
	    if (svp && (sv = *svp) != (SV*)&PL_sv_undef) {
	        DEBUG_o( Perl_deb(aTHX_ "Using cached ISA %s for package %s\n",
				  name, HvNAME(stash)) );
		return sv;
	    }
	}
	else {
	    DEBUG_o( Perl_deb(aTHX_ "ISA Cache in package %s is stale\n",
			      HvNAME(stash)) );
	    hv_clear(hv);
	    sv_setiv(subgen, PL_sub_generation);
	}
    }

    gvp = (GV**)hv_fetch(stash,"ISA",3,FALSE);

    if (gvp && (gv = *gvp) != (GV*)&PL_sv_undef && (av = GvAV(gv))) {
	if (!hv || !subgen) {
	    gvp = (GV**)hv_fetch(stash, "::ISA::CACHE::", 14, TRUE);

	    gv = *gvp;

	    if (SvTYPE(gv) != SVt_PVGV)
		gv_init(gv, stash, "::ISA::CACHE::", 14, TRUE);

	    if (!hv)
		hv = GvHVn(gv);
	    if (!subgen) {
		subgen = newSViv(PL_sub_generation);
		GvSV(gv) = subgen;
	    }
	}
	if (hv) {
	    SV** svp = AvARRAY(av);
	    /* NOTE: No support for tied ISA */
	    I32 items = AvFILLp(av) + 1;
	    while (items--) {
		SV* sv = *svp++;
		HV* basestash = gv_stashsv(sv, FALSE);
		if (!basestash) {
		    if (ckWARN(WARN_MISC))
			Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SYNTAX),
		             "Can't locate package %"SVf" for @%s::ISA",
			    sv, HvNAME(stash));
		    continue;
		}
		if (&PL_sv_yes == isa_lookup(basestash, name, name_stash, 
                                             len, level + 1)) {
		    (void)hv_store(hv,name,len,&PL_sv_yes,0);
		    return &PL_sv_yes;
		}
	    }
	    (void)hv_store(hv,name,len,&PL_sv_no,0);
	}
    }

    return boolSV(strEQ(name, "UNIVERSAL"));
}

/*
=head1 SV Manipulation Functions

=for apidoc sv_derived_from

Returns a boolean indicating whether the SV is derived from the specified
class.  This is the function that implements C<UNIVERSAL::isa>.  It works
for class names as well as for objects.

=cut
*/

bool
Perl_sv_derived_from(pTHX_ SV *sv, const char *name)
{
    char *type;
    HV *stash;
    HV *name_stash;

    stash = Nullhv;
    type = Nullch;

    if (SvGMAGICAL(sv))
        mg_get(sv) ;

    if (SvROK(sv)) {
        sv = SvRV(sv);
        type = sv_reftype(sv,0);
        if (SvOBJECT(sv))
            stash = SvSTASH(sv);
    }
    else {
        stash = gv_stashsv(sv, FALSE);
    }

    name_stash = gv_stashpv(name, FALSE);

    return (type && strEQ(type,name)) ||
            (stash && isa_lookup(stash, name, name_stash, strlen(name), 0) 
             == &PL_sv_yes)
        ? TRUE
        : FALSE ;
}

#include "XSUB.h"

void XS_UNIVERSAL_isa(pTHX_ CV *cv);
void XS_UNIVERSAL_can(pTHX_ CV *cv);
void XS_UNIVERSAL_VERSION(pTHX_ CV *cv);
XS(XS_utf8_valid);
XS(XS_utf8_encode);
XS(XS_utf8_decode);
XS(XS_utf8_upgrade);
XS(XS_utf8_downgrade);
XS(XS_utf8_unicode_to_native);
XS(XS_utf8_native_to_unicode);
XS(XS_Internals_SvREADONLY);
XS(XS_Internals_SvREFCNT);
XS(XS_Internals_hv_clear_placehold);
XS(XS_PerlIO_get_layers);

void
Perl_boot_core_UNIVERSAL(pTHX)
{
    char *file = __FILE__;

    newXS("UNIVERSAL::isa",             XS_UNIVERSAL_isa,         file);
    newXS("UNIVERSAL::can",             XS_UNIVERSAL_can,         file);
    newXS("UNIVERSAL::VERSION", 	XS_UNIVERSAL_VERSION, 	  file);
    newXS("utf8::valid", XS_utf8_valid, file);
    newXS("utf8::encode", XS_utf8_encode, file);
    newXS("utf8::decode", XS_utf8_decode, file);
    newXS("utf8::upgrade", XS_utf8_upgrade, file);
    newXS("utf8::downgrade", XS_utf8_downgrade, file);
    newXS("utf8::native_to_unicode", XS_utf8_native_to_unicode, file);
    newXS("utf8::unicode_to_native", XS_utf8_unicode_to_native, file);
    newXSproto("Internals::SvREADONLY",XS_Internals_SvREADONLY, file, "\\[$%@];$");
    newXSproto("Internals::SvREFCNT",XS_Internals_SvREFCNT, file, "\\[$%@];$");
    newXSproto("Internals::hv_clear_placeholders",
               XS_Internals_hv_clear_placehold, file, "\\%");
    newXSproto("PerlIO::get_layers",
               XS_PerlIO_get_layers, file, "*;@");
}


XS(XS_UNIVERSAL_isa)
{
    dXSARGS;
    SV *sv;
    char *name;
    STRLEN n_a;

    if (items != 2)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: UNIVERSAL::isa(reference, kind)");

    sv = ST(0);

    if (SvGMAGICAL(sv))
	mg_get(sv);

    if (!SvOK(sv) || !(SvROK(sv) || (SvPOK(sv) && SvCUR(sv))
		|| (SvGMAGICAL(sv) && SvPOKp(sv) && SvCUR(sv))))
	XSRETURN_UNDEF;

    name = (char *)SvPV(ST(1),n_a);

    ST(0) = boolSV(sv_derived_from(sv, name));
    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_UNIVERSAL_can)
{
    dXSARGS;
    SV   *sv;
    char *name;
    SV   *rv;
    HV   *pkg = NULL;
    STRLEN n_a;

    if (items != 2)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: UNIVERSAL::can(object-ref, method)");

    sv = ST(0);

    if (SvGMAGICAL(sv))
	mg_get(sv);

    if (!SvOK(sv) || !(SvROK(sv) || (SvPOK(sv) && SvCUR(sv))
		|| (SvGMAGICAL(sv) && SvPOKp(sv) && SvCUR(sv))))
	XSRETURN_UNDEF;

    name = (char *)SvPV(ST(1),n_a);
    rv = &PL_sv_undef;

    if (SvROK(sv)) {
        sv = (SV*)SvRV(sv);
        if (SvOBJECT(sv))
            pkg = SvSTASH(sv);
    }
    else {
        pkg = gv_stashsv(sv, FALSE);
    }

    if (pkg) {
        GV *gv = gv_fetchmethod_autoload(pkg, name, FALSE);
        if (gv && isGV(gv))
	    rv = sv_2mortal(newRV((SV*)GvCV(gv)));
    }

    ST(0) = rv;
    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_UNIVERSAL_VERSION)
{
    dXSARGS;
    HV *pkg;
    GV **gvp;
    GV *gv;
    SV *sv;
    char *undef;

    if (SvROK(ST(0))) {
        sv = (SV*)SvRV(ST(0));
        if (!SvOBJECT(sv))
            Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Cannot find version of an unblessed reference");
        pkg = SvSTASH(sv);
    }
    else {
        pkg = gv_stashsv(ST(0), FALSE);
    }

    gvp = pkg ? (GV**)hv_fetch(pkg,"VERSION",7,FALSE) : Null(GV**);

    if (gvp && isGV(gv = *gvp) && SvOK(sv = GvSV(gv))) {
        SV *nsv = sv_newmortal();
        sv_setsv(nsv, sv);
        sv = nsv;
        undef = Nullch;
    }
    else {
        sv = (SV*)&PL_sv_undef;
        undef = "(undef)";
    }

    if (items > 1) {
	STRLEN len;
	SV *req = ST(1);

	if (undef) {
	     if (pkg)
		  Perl_croak(aTHX_
			     "%s does not define $%s::VERSION--version check failed",
			     HvNAME(pkg), HvNAME(pkg));
	     else {
		  char *str = SvPVx(ST(0), len);

		  Perl_croak(aTHX_
			     "%s defines neither package nor VERSION--version check failed", str);
	     }
	}
	if (!SvNIOK(sv) && SvPOK(sv)) {
	    char *str = SvPVx(sv,len);
	    while (len) {
		--len;
		/* XXX could DWIM "1.2.3" here */
		if (!isDIGIT(str[len]) && str[len] != '.' && str[len] != '_')
		    break;
	    }
	    if (len) {
		if (SvNOK(req) && SvPOK(req)) {
		    /* they said C<use Foo v1.2.3> and $Foo::VERSION
		     * doesn't look like a float: do string compare */
		    if (sv_cmp(req,sv) == 1) {
			Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s v%"VDf" required--"
				   "this is only v%"VDf,
				   HvNAME(pkg), req, sv);
		    }
		    goto finish;
		}
		/* they said C<use Foo 1.002_003> and $Foo::VERSION
		 * doesn't look like a float: force numeric compare */
		(void)SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_PVNV);
		SvNVX(sv) = str_to_version(sv);
		SvPOK_off(sv);
		SvNOK_on(sv);
	    }
	}
	/* if we get here, we're looking for a numeric comparison,
	 * so force the required version into a float, even if they
	 * said C<use Foo v1.2.3> */
	if (SvNOK(req) && SvPOK(req)) {
	    NV n = SvNV(req);
	    req = sv_newmortal();
	    sv_setnv(req, n);
	}

	if (SvNV(req) > SvNV(sv))
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s version %s required--this is only version %s",
		       HvNAME(pkg), SvPV_nolen(req), SvPV_nolen(sv));
    }

finish:
    ST(0) = sv;

    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_utf8_valid)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items != 1)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::valid(sv)");
    {
	SV *	sv = ST(0);
 {
  STRLEN len;
  char *s = SvPV(sv,len);
  if (!SvUTF8(sv) || is_utf8_string((U8*)s,len))
   XSRETURN_YES;
  else
   XSRETURN_NO;
 }
    }
    XSRETURN_EMPTY;
}

XS(XS_utf8_encode)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items != 1)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::encode(sv)");
    {
	SV *	sv = ST(0);

	sv_utf8_encode(sv);
    }
    XSRETURN_EMPTY;
}

XS(XS_utf8_decode)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items != 1)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::decode(sv)");
    {
	SV *	sv = ST(0);
	bool	RETVAL;

	RETVAL = sv_utf8_decode(sv);
	ST(0) = boolSV(RETVAL);
	sv_2mortal(ST(0));
    }
    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_utf8_upgrade)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items != 1)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::upgrade(sv)");
    {
	SV *	sv = ST(0);
	STRLEN	RETVAL;
	dXSTARG;

	RETVAL = sv_utf8_upgrade(sv);
	XSprePUSH; PUSHi((IV)RETVAL);
    }
    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_utf8_downgrade)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items < 1 || items > 2)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::downgrade(sv, failok=0)");
    {
	SV *	sv = ST(0);
	bool	failok;
	bool	RETVAL;

	if (items < 2)
	    failok = 0;
	else {
	    failok = (int)SvIV(ST(1));
	}

	RETVAL = sv_utf8_downgrade(sv, failok);
	ST(0) = boolSV(RETVAL);
	sv_2mortal(ST(0));
    }
    XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_utf8_native_to_unicode)
{
 dXSARGS;
 UV uv = SvUV(ST(0));

 if (items > 1)
     Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::native_to_unicode(sv)");

 ST(0) = sv_2mortal(newSViv(NATIVE_TO_UNI(uv)));
 XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_utf8_unicode_to_native)
{
 dXSARGS;
 UV uv = SvUV(ST(0));

 if (items > 1)
     Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: utf8::unicode_to_native(sv)");

 ST(0) = sv_2mortal(newSViv(UNI_TO_NATIVE(uv)));
 XSRETURN(1);
}

XS(XS_Internals_SvREADONLY)	/* This is dangerous stuff. */
{
    dXSARGS;
    SV *sv = SvRV(ST(0));
    if (items == 1) {
	 if (SvREADONLY(sv))
	     XSRETURN_YES;
	 else
	     XSRETURN_NO;
    }
    else if (items == 2) {
	if (SvTRUE(ST(1))) {
	    SvREADONLY_on(sv);
	    XSRETURN_YES;
	}
	else {
	    /* I hope you really know what you are doing. */
	    SvREADONLY_off(sv);
	    XSRETURN_NO;
	}
    }
    XSRETURN_UNDEF; /* Can't happen. */
}

XS(XS_Internals_SvREFCNT)	/* This is dangerous stuff. */
{
    dXSARGS;
    SV *sv = SvRV(ST(0));
    if (items == 1)
	 XSRETURN_IV(SvREFCNT(sv) - 1); /* Minus the ref created for us. */
    else if (items == 2) {
         /* I hope you really know what you are doing. */
	 SvREFCNT(sv) = SvIV(ST(1));
	 XSRETURN_IV(SvREFCNT(sv));
    }
    XSRETURN_UNDEF; /* Can't happen. */
}

/* Maybe this should return the number of placeholders found in scalar context,
   and a list of them in list context.  */
XS(XS_Internals_hv_clear_placehold)
{
    dXSARGS;
    HV *hv = (HV *) SvRV(ST(0));

    /* I don't care how many parameters were passed in, but I want to avoid
       the unused variable warning. */

    items = (I32)HvPLACEHOLDERS(hv);

    if (items) {
        HE *entry;
        I32 riter = HvRITER(hv);
        HE *eiter = HvEITER(hv);
        hv_iterinit(hv);
        /* This may look suboptimal with the items *after* the iternext, but
           it's quite deliberate. We only get here with items==0 if we've
           just deleted the last placeholder in the hash. If we've just done
           that then it means that the hash is in lazy delete mode, and the
           HE is now only referenced in our iterator. If we just quit the loop
           and discarded our iterator then the HE leaks. So we do the && the
           other way to ensure iternext is called just one more time, which
           has the side effect of triggering the lazy delete.  */
        while ((entry = hv_iternext_flags(hv, HV_ITERNEXT_WANTPLACEHOLDERS))
            && items) {
            SV *val = hv_iterval(hv, entry);

            if (val == &PL_sv_undef) {

                /* It seems that I have to go back in the front of the hash
                   API to delete a hash, even though I have a HE structure
                   pointing to the very entry I want to delete, and could hold
                   onto the previous HE that points to it. And it's easier to
                   go in with SVs as I can then specify the precomputed hash,
                   and don't have fun and games with utf8 keys.  */
                SV *key = hv_iterkeysv(entry);

                hv_delete_ent (hv, key, G_DISCARD, HeHASH(entry));
                items--;
            }
        }
        HvRITER(hv) = riter;
        HvEITER(hv) = eiter;
    }

    XSRETURN(0);
}

XS(XS_PerlIO_get_layers)
{
    dXSARGS;
    if (items < 1 || items % 2 == 0)
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Usage: PerlIO_get_layers(filehandle[,args])");
#ifdef USE_PERLIO
    {
	SV *	sv;
	GV *	gv;
	IO *	io;
	bool	input = TRUE;
	bool	details = FALSE;

	if (items > 1) {
	     SV **svp;
	     
	     for (svp = MARK + 2; svp <= SP; svp += 2) {
		  SV **varp = svp;
		  SV **valp = svp + 1;
		  STRLEN klen;
		  char *key = SvPV(*varp, klen);

		  switch (*key) {
		  case 'i':
		       if (klen == 5 && memEQ(key, "input", 5)) {
			    input = SvTRUE(*valp);
			    break;
		       }
		       goto fail;
		  case 'o': 
		       if (klen == 6 && memEQ(key, "output", 6)) {
			    input = !SvTRUE(*valp);
			    break;
		       }
		       goto fail;
		  case 'd':
		       if (klen == 7 && memEQ(key, "details", 7)) {
			    details = SvTRUE(*valp);
			    break;
		       }
		       goto fail;
		  default:
		  fail:
		       Perl_croak(aTHX_
				  "get_layers: unknown argument '%s'",
				  key);
		  }
	     }

	     SP -= (items - 1);
	}

	sv = POPs;
	gv = (GV*)sv;

	if (!isGV(sv)) {
	     if (SvROK(sv) && isGV(SvRV(sv)))
		  gv = (GV*)SvRV(sv);
	     else
		  gv = gv_fetchpv(SvPVX(sv), FALSE, SVt_PVIO);
	}

	if (gv && (io = GvIO(gv))) {
	     dTARGET;
	     AV* av = PerlIO_get_layers(aTHX_ input ?
					IoIFP(io) : IoOFP(io));
	     I32 i;
	     I32 last = av_len(av);
	     I32 nitem = 0;
	     
	     for (i = last; i >= 0; i -= 3) {
		  SV **namsvp;
		  SV **argsvp;
		  SV **flgsvp;
		  bool namok, argok, flgok;

		  namsvp = av_fetch(av, i - 2, FALSE);
		  argsvp = av_fetch(av, i - 1, FALSE);
		  flgsvp = av_fetch(av, i,     FALSE);

		  namok = namsvp && *namsvp && SvPOK(*namsvp);
		  argok = argsvp && *argsvp && SvPOK(*argsvp);
		  flgok = flgsvp && *flgsvp && SvIOK(*flgsvp);

		  if (details) {
		       XPUSHs(namok ?
			     newSVpv(SvPVX(*namsvp), 0) : &PL_sv_undef);
		       XPUSHs(argok ?
			     newSVpv(SvPVX(*argsvp), 0) : &PL_sv_undef);
		       if (flgok)
			    XPUSHi(SvIVX(*flgsvp));
		       else
			    XPUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
		       nitem += 3;
		  }
		  else {
		       if (namok && argok)
			    XPUSHs(Perl_newSVpvf(aTHX_ "%"SVf"(%"SVf")",
					       *namsvp, *argsvp));
		       else if (namok)
			    XPUSHs(Perl_newSVpvf(aTHX_ "%"SVf, *namsvp));
		       else
			    XPUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
		       nitem++;
		       if (flgok) {
			    IV flags = SvIVX(*flgsvp);

			    if (flags & PERLIO_F_UTF8) {
				 XPUSHs(newSVpvn("utf8", 4));
				 nitem++;
			    }
		       }
		  }
	     }

	     SvREFCNT_dec(av);

	     XSRETURN(nitem);
	}
    }
#endif

    XSRETURN(0);
}