mg.c   [plain text]


/*    mg.c
 *
 *    Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
 *    2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, by Larry Wall and others
 *
 *    You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
 *    License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
 *
 */

/*
 * "Sam sat on the ground and put his head in his hands.  'I wish I had never
 * come here, and I don't want to see no more magic,' he said, and fell silent."
 */

/*
=head1 Magical Functions
*/

#include "EXTERN.h"
#define PERL_IN_MG_C
#include "perl.h"

#if defined(HAS_GETGROUPS) || defined(HAS_SETGROUPS)
#  ifndef NGROUPS
#    define NGROUPS 32
#  endif
#  ifdef I_GRP
#    include <grp.h>
#  endif
#endif

#ifdef __hpux
#  include <sys/pstat.h>
#endif

Signal_t Perl_csighandler(int sig);

/* if you only have signal() and it resets on each signal, FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS fixes */
#if !defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(VMS)
#  define  FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
#endif
/* if we're doing kill() with sys$sigprc on VMS, FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS */
#if defined(KILL_BY_SIGPRC)
#  define  FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
#endif

static void restore_magic(pTHX_ void *p);
static void unwind_handler_stack(pTHX_ void *p);

/*
 * Use the "DESTRUCTOR" scope cleanup to reinstate magic.
 */

struct magic_state {
    SV* mgs_sv;
    U32 mgs_flags;
    I32 mgs_ss_ix;
};
/* MGS is typedef'ed to struct magic_state in perl.h */

STATIC void
S_save_magic(pTHX_ I32 mgs_ix, SV *sv)
{
    MGS* mgs;
    assert(SvMAGICAL(sv));

    SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_magic, INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));

    mgs = SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*);
    mgs->mgs_sv = sv;
    mgs->mgs_flags = SvMAGICAL(sv) | SvREADONLY(sv);
    mgs->mgs_ss_ix = PL_savestack_ix;   /* points after the saved destructor */

    SvMAGICAL_off(sv);
    SvREADONLY_off(sv);
    SvFLAGS(sv) |= (SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVp_NOK|SVp_POK)) >> PRIVSHIFT;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_magical

Turns on the magical status of an SV.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

void
Perl_mg_magical(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    MAGIC* mg;
    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	if (vtbl) {
	    if (vtbl->svt_get && !(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP))
		SvGMAGICAL_on(sv);
	    if (vtbl->svt_set)
		SvSMAGICAL_on(sv);
	    if (!(SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVs_GMG|SVs_SMG)) || vtbl->svt_clear)
		SvRMAGICAL_on(sv);
	}
    }
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_get

Do magic after a value is retrieved from the SV.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

int
Perl_mg_get(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    int new = 0;
    MAGIC *newmg, *head, *cur, *mg;
    I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));

    save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);

    /* We must call svt_get(sv, mg) for each valid entry in the linked
       list of magic. svt_get() may delete the current entry, add new
       magic to the head of the list, or upgrade the SV. AMS 20010810 */

    newmg = cur = head = mg = SvMAGIC(sv);
    while (mg) {
	MGVTBL *vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;

	if (!(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) && vtbl && vtbl->svt_get) {
	    CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_get)(aTHX_ sv, mg);

	    /* guard against sv having been freed */
	    if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVTYPEMASK) {
		Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Tied variable freed while still in use");
	    }

	    /* Don't restore the flags for this entry if it was deleted. */
	    if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP)
		(SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS *))->mgs_flags = 0;
	}

	mg = mg->mg_moremagic;

	if (new) {
	    /* Have we finished with the new entries we saw? Start again
	       where we left off (unless there are more new entries). */
	    if (mg == head) {
		new  = 0;
		mg   = cur;
		head = newmg;
	    }
	}

	/* Were any new entries added? */
	if (!new && (newmg = SvMAGIC(sv)) != head) {
	    new = 1;
	    cur = mg;
	    mg  = newmg;
	}
    }

    restore_magic(aTHX_ INT2PTR(void *, (IV)mgs_ix));
    return 0;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_set

Do magic after a value is assigned to the SV.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

int
Perl_mg_set(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    I32 mgs_ix;
    MAGIC* mg;
    MAGIC* nextmg;

    mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
    save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);

    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = nextmg) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	nextmg = mg->mg_moremagic;	/* it may delete itself */
	if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) {
	    mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_GSKIP;	/* setting requires another read */
	    (SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*))->mgs_flags = 0;
	}
	if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_set)
	    CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_set)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
    }

    restore_magic(aTHX_ INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
    return 0;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_length

Report on the SV's length.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

U32
Perl_mg_length(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    MAGIC* mg;
    STRLEN len;

    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
            I32 mgs_ix;

	    mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
	    save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
	    /* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
	    len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
	    restore_magic(aTHX_ INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
	    return len;
	}
    }

    if (DO_UTF8(sv))
    {
        U8 *s = (U8*)SvPV(sv, len);
        len = Perl_utf8_length(aTHX_ s, s + len);
    }
    else
        (void)SvPV(sv, len);
    return len;
}

I32
Perl_mg_size(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    MAGIC* mg;
    I32 len;

    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
            I32 mgs_ix;

	    mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
	    save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
	    /* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
	    len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
	    restore_magic(aTHX_ INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
	    return len;
	}
    }

    switch(SvTYPE(sv)) {
	case SVt_PVAV:
	    len = AvFILLp((AV *) sv); /* Fallback to non-tied array */
	    return len;
	case SVt_PVHV:
	    /* FIXME */
	default:
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Size magic not implemented");
	    break;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_clear

Clear something magical that the SV represents.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

int
Perl_mg_clear(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    I32 mgs_ix;
    MAGIC* mg;

    mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
    save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);

    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	/* omit GSKIP -- never set here */

	if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_clear)
	    CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_clear)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
    }

    restore_magic(aTHX_ INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
    return 0;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_find

Finds the magic pointer for type matching the SV.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

MAGIC*
Perl_mg_find(pTHX_ SV *sv, int type)
{
    MAGIC* mg;
    if (!sv)
        return 0;
    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	if (mg->mg_type == type)
	    return mg;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_copy

Copies the magic from one SV to another.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

int
Perl_mg_copy(pTHX_ SV *sv, SV *nsv, const char *key, I32 klen)
{
    int count = 0;
    MAGIC* mg;
    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	if ((mg->mg_flags & MGf_COPY) && vtbl->svt_copy){
	    count += CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_copy)(aTHX_ sv, mg, nsv, key, klen);
	}
	else if (isUPPER(mg->mg_type)) {
	    sv_magic(nsv,
		     mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_tied ? SvTIED_obj(sv, mg) :
		     (mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_regdata && mg->mg_obj)
							? sv : mg->mg_obj,
		     toLOWER(mg->mg_type), key, klen);
	    count++;
	}
    }
    return count;
}

/*
=for apidoc mg_free

Free any magic storage used by the SV.  See C<sv_magic>.

=cut
*/

int
Perl_mg_free(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    MAGIC* mg;
    MAGIC* moremagic;
    for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = moremagic) {
	MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
	moremagic = mg->mg_moremagic;
	if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_free)
	    CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_free)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
	if (mg->mg_ptr && mg->mg_type != PERL_MAGIC_regex_global) {
	    if (mg->mg_len > 0)
		Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
	    else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
		SvREFCNT_dec((SV*)mg->mg_ptr);
	}
	if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_REFCOUNTED)
	    SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
	Safefree(mg);
    }
    SvMAGIC(sv) = 0;
    return 0;
}


#if !defined(NSIG) || defined(M_UNIX) || defined(M_XENIX)
#include <signal.h>
#endif

U32
Perl_magic_regdata_cnt(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register REGEXP *rx;

    if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	if (mg->mg_obj)		/* @+ */
	    return rx->nparens;
	else			/* @- */
	    return rx->lastparen;
    }

    return (U32)-1;
}

int
Perl_magic_regdatum_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register I32 paren;
    register I32 s;
    register I32 i;
    register REGEXP *rx;
    I32 t;

    if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	paren = mg->mg_len;
	if (paren < 0)
	    return 0;
	if (paren <= (I32)rx->nparens &&
	    (s = rx->startp[paren]) != -1 &&
	    (t = rx->endp[paren]) != -1)
	    {
		if (mg->mg_obj)		/* @+ */
		    i = t;
		else			/* @- */
		    i = s;

		if (i > 0 && RX_MATCH_UTF8(rx)) {
		    char *b = rx->subbeg;
		    if (b)
		        i = Perl_utf8_length(aTHX_ (U8*)b, (U8*)(b+i));
		}

		sv_setiv(sv, i);
	    }
    }
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_regdatum_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_modify);
    /* NOT REACHED */
    return 0;
}

U32
Perl_magic_len(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register I32 paren;
    register I32 i;
    register REGEXP *rx;
    I32 s1, t1;

    switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
    case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': case '&':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {

	    paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr); /* $& is in [0] */
	  getparen:
	    if (paren <= (I32)rx->nparens &&
		(s1 = rx->startp[paren]) != -1 &&
		(t1 = rx->endp[paren]) != -1)
	    {
		i = t1 - s1;
	      getlen:
		if (i > 0 && RX_MATCH_UTF8(rx)) {
		    char *s    = rx->subbeg + s1;
		    char *send = rx->subbeg + t1;

                    i = t1 - s1;
		    if (is_utf8_string((U8*)s, i))
			i = Perl_utf8_length(aTHX_ (U8*)s, (U8*)send);
		}
		if (i < 0)
		    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: magic_len: %"IVdf, (IV)i);
		return i;
	    }
	    else {
		if (ckWARN(WARN_UNINITIALIZED))
		    report_uninit();
	    }
	}
	else {
	    if (ckWARN(WARN_UNINITIALIZED))
		report_uninit();
	}
	return 0;
    case '+':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    paren = rx->lastparen;
	    if (paren)
		goto getparen;
	}
	return 0;
    case '\016': /* ^N */
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    paren = rx->lastcloseparen;
	    if (paren)
		goto getparen;
	}
	return 0;
    case '`':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    if (rx->startp[0] != -1) {
		i = rx->startp[0];
		if (i > 0) {
		    s1 = 0;
		    t1 = i;
		    goto getlen;
		}
	    }
	}
	return 0;
    case '\'':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    if (rx->endp[0] != -1) {
		i = rx->sublen - rx->endp[0];
		if (i > 0) {
		    s1 = rx->endp[0];
		    t1 = rx->sublen;
		    goto getlen;
		}
	    }
	}
	return 0;
    }
    magic_get(sv,mg);
    if (!SvPOK(sv) && SvNIOK(sv)) {
	STRLEN n_a;
	sv_2pv(sv, &n_a);
    }
    if (SvPOK(sv))
	return SvCUR(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register I32 paren;
    register char *s;
    register I32 i;
    register REGEXP *rx;

    switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
    case '\001':		/* ^A */
	sv_setsv(sv, PL_bodytarget);
	break;
    case '\003':		/* ^C */
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_minus_c);
	break;

    case '\004':		/* ^D */
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(PL_debug & DEBUG_MASK));
#if defined(YYDEBUG) && defined(DEBUGGING)
	PL_yydebug = DEBUG_p_TEST;
#endif
	break;
    case '\005':  /* ^E */
	 if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
	     {
		  char msg[256];

		  sv_setnv(sv,(double)gMacPerl_OSErr);
		  sv_setpv(sv, gMacPerl_OSErr ? GetSysErrText(gMacPerl_OSErr, msg) : "");
	     }
#else
#ifdef VMS
	     {
#	          include <descrip.h>
#	          include <starlet.h>
		  char msg[255];
		  $DESCRIPTOR(msgdsc,msg);
		  sv_setnv(sv,(NV) vaxc$errno);
		  if (sys$getmsg(vaxc$errno,&msgdsc.dsc$w_length,&msgdsc,0,0) & 1)
		       sv_setpvn(sv,msgdsc.dsc$a_pointer,msgdsc.dsc$w_length);
		  else
		       sv_setpv(sv,"");
	     }
#else
#ifdef OS2
	     if (!(_emx_env & 0x200)) {	/* Under DOS */
		  sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
		  sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
	     } else {
		  if (errno != errno_isOS2) {
		       int tmp = _syserrno();
		       if (tmp)	/* 2nd call to _syserrno() makes it 0 */
			    Perl_rc = tmp;
		  }
		  sv_setnv(sv, (NV)Perl_rc);
		  sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
	     }
#else
#ifdef WIN32
	     {
		  DWORD dwErr = GetLastError();
		  sv_setnv(sv, (NV)dwErr);
		  if (dwErr)
		  {
		       PerlProc_GetOSError(sv, dwErr);
		  }
		  else
		       sv_setpv(sv, "");
		  SetLastError(dwErr);
	     }
#else
	     sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
	     sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
#endif
#endif
#endif
#endif
	     SvNOK_on(sv);	/* what a wonderful hack! */
	 }
	 else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "NCODING"))
	      sv_setsv(sv, PL_encoding);
	 break;
    case '\006':		/* ^F */
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_maxsysfd);
	break;
    case '\010':		/* ^H */
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_hints);
	break;
    case '\011':		/* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
	if (PL_inplace)
	    sv_setpv(sv, PL_inplace);
	else
	    sv_setsv(sv, &PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '\017':		/* ^O & ^OPEN */
	if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0')
	    sv_setpv(sv, PL_osname);
	else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\017PEN")) {
	    if (!PL_compiling.cop_io)
		sv_setsv(sv, &PL_sv_undef);
            else {
	        sv_setsv(sv, PL_compiling.cop_io);
	    }
	}
	break;
    case '\020':		/* ^P */
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_perldb);
	break;
    case '\023':		/* ^S */
        if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
	    if (PL_lex_state != LEX_NOTPARSING)
		(void)SvOK_off(sv);
	    else if (PL_in_eval)
 		sv_setiv(sv, PL_in_eval & ~(EVAL_INREQUIRE));
	    else
		sv_setiv(sv, 0);
	}
	break;
    case '\024':		/* ^T */
        if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
#ifdef BIG_TIME
            sv_setnv(sv, PL_basetime);
#else
            sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_basetime);
#endif
        }
        else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\024AINT"))
            sv_setiv(sv, PL_tainting
		    ? (PL_taint_warn || PL_unsafe ? -1 : 1)
		    : 0);
        break;
    case '\025':		/* $^UNICODE */
        if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\025NICODE"))
	    sv_setuv(sv, (UV) PL_unicode);
        break;
    case '\027':		/* ^W  & $^WARNING_BITS */
	if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0')
	    sv_setiv(sv, (IV)((PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON) ? TRUE : FALSE));
	else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "ARNING_BITS")) {
	    if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_NONE ||
	        PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_STD)
	    {
	        sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize) ;
            }
            else if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_ALL) {
	        sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_ALLstring, WARNsize) ;
	    }
            else {
	        sv_setsv(sv, PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
	    }
	    SvPOK_only(sv);
	}
	break;
    case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
    case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': case '&':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    I32 s1, t1;

	    /*
	     * Pre-threads, this was paren = atoi(GvENAME((GV*)mg->mg_obj));
	     * XXX Does the new way break anything?
	     */
	    paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr); /* $& is in [0] */
	  getparen:
	    if (paren <= (I32)rx->nparens &&
		(s1 = rx->startp[paren]) != -1 &&
		(t1 = rx->endp[paren]) != -1)
	    {
		i = t1 - s1;
		s = rx->subbeg + s1;
		if (!rx->subbeg)
		    break;

	      getrx:
		if (i >= 0) {
		    sv_setpvn(sv, s, i);
		    if (RX_MATCH_UTF8(rx) && is_utf8_string((U8*)s, i))
			SvUTF8_on(sv);
		    else
			SvUTF8_off(sv);
		    if (PL_tainting) {
			if (RX_MATCH_TAINTED(rx)) {
			    MAGIC* mg = SvMAGIC(sv);
			    MAGIC* mgt;
			    PL_tainted = 1;
			    SvMAGIC(sv) = mg->mg_moremagic;
			    SvTAINT(sv);
			    if ((mgt = SvMAGIC(sv))) {
				mg->mg_moremagic = mgt;
				SvMAGIC(sv) = mg;
			    }
			} else
			    SvTAINTED_off(sv);
		    }
		    break;
		}
	    }
	}
	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '+':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    paren = rx->lastparen;
	    if (paren)
		goto getparen;
	}
	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '\016':		/* ^N */
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    paren = rx->lastcloseparen;
	    if (paren)
		goto getparen;
	}
	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '`':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    if ((s = rx->subbeg) && rx->startp[0] != -1) {
		i = rx->startp[0];
		goto getrx;
	    }
	}
	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '\'':
	if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
	    if (rx->subbeg && rx->endp[0] != -1) {
		s = rx->subbeg + rx->endp[0];
		i = rx->sublen - rx->endp[0];
		goto getrx;
	    }
	}
	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
	break;
    case '.':
#ifndef lint
	if (GvIO(PL_last_in_gv)) {
	    sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)));
	}
#endif
	break;
    case '?':
	{
	    sv_setiv(sv, (IV)STATUS_CURRENT);
#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
	    LvTARGOFF(sv) = PL_statusvalue;
	    LvTARGLEN(sv) = PL_statusvalue_vms;
#endif
	}
	break;
    case '^':
	s = IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
	if (s)
	    sv_setpv(sv,s);
	else {
	    sv_setpv(sv,GvENAME(PL_defoutgv));
	    sv_catpv(sv,"_TOP");
	}
	break;
    case '~':
	s = IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
	if (!s)
	    s = GvENAME(PL_defoutgv);
	sv_setpv(sv,s);
	break;
#ifndef lint
    case '=':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
	break;
    case '-':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
	break;
    case '%':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
	break;
#endif
    case ':':
	break;
    case '/':
	break;
    case '[':
	WITH_THR(sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_curcop->cop_arybase));
	break;
    case '|':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(IoFLAGS(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) & IOf_FLUSH) != 0 );
	break;
    case ',':
	break;
    case '\\':
	if (PL_ors_sv)
	    sv_copypv(sv, PL_ors_sv);
	break;
    case '#':
	sv_setpv(sv,PL_ofmt);
	break;
    case '!':
#ifdef VMS
	sv_setnv(sv, (NV)((errno == EVMSERR) ? vaxc$errno : errno));
	sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
#else
	{
	int saveerrno = errno;
	sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
#ifdef OS2
	if (errno == errno_isOS2 || errno == errno_isOS2_set)
	    sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
	else
#endif
	sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
	errno = saveerrno;
	}
#endif
	SvNOK_on(sv);	/* what a wonderful hack! */
	break;
    case '<':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_uid);
	break;
    case '>':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_euid);
	break;
    case '(':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_gid);
#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
	Perl_sv_setpvf(aTHX_ sv, "%"Gid_t_f, PL_gid);
#endif
	goto add_groups;
    case ')':
	sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_egid);
#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
	Perl_sv_setpvf(aTHX_ sv, "%"Gid_t_f, PL_egid);
#endif
      add_groups:
#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
	{
	    Groups_t gary[NGROUPS];
	    i = getgroups(NGROUPS,gary);
	    while (--i >= 0)
		Perl_sv_catpvf(aTHX_ sv, " %"Gid_t_f, gary[i]);
	}
#endif
	(void)SvIOK_on(sv);	/* what a wonderful hack! */
	break;
    case '*':
	break;
#ifndef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
    case '0':
	break;
#endif
#ifdef USE_5005THREADS
    case '@':
	sv_setsv(sv, thr->errsv);
	break;
#endif /* USE_5005THREADS */
    }
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    struct ufuncs *uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;

    if (uf && uf->uf_val)
	(*uf->uf_val)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register char *s;
    char *ptr;
    STRLEN len, klen;

    s = SvPV(sv,len);
    ptr = MgPV(mg,klen);
    my_setenv(ptr, s);

#ifdef DYNAMIC_ENV_FETCH
     /* We just undefd an environment var.  Is a replacement */
     /* waiting in the wings? */
    if (!len) {
	SV **valp;
	if ((valp = hv_fetch(GvHVn(PL_envgv), ptr, klen, FALSE)))
	    s = SvPV(*valp, len);
    }
#endif

#if !defined(OS2) && !defined(AMIGAOS) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
			    /* And you'll never guess what the dog had */
			    /*   in its mouth... */
    if (PL_tainting) {
	MgTAINTEDDIR_off(mg);
#ifdef VMS
	if (s && klen == 8 && strEQ(ptr, "DCL$PATH")) {
	    char pathbuf[256], eltbuf[256], *cp, *elt = s;
	    Stat_t sbuf;
	    int i = 0, j = 0;

	    do {          /* DCL$PATH may be a search list */
		while (1) {   /* as may dev portion of any element */
		    if ( ((cp = strchr(elt,'[')) || (cp = strchr(elt,'<'))) ) {
			if ( *(cp+1) == '.' || *(cp+1) == '-' ||
			     cando_by_name(S_IWUSR,0,elt) ) {
			    MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
			    return 0;
			}
		    }
		    if ((cp = strchr(elt, ':')) != Nullch)
			*cp = '\0';
		    if (my_trnlnm(elt, eltbuf, j++))
			elt = eltbuf;
		    else
			break;
		}
		j = 0;
	    } while (my_trnlnm(s, pathbuf, i++) && (elt = pathbuf));
	}
#endif /* VMS */
	if (s && klen == 4 && strEQ(ptr,"PATH")) {
	    char *strend = s + len;

	    while (s < strend) {
		char tmpbuf[256];
		Stat_t st;
		I32 i;
		s = delimcpy(tmpbuf, tmpbuf + sizeof tmpbuf,
			     s, strend, ':', &i);
		s++;
		if (i >= sizeof tmpbuf   /* too long -- assume the worst */
		      || *tmpbuf != '/'
		      || (PerlLIO_stat(tmpbuf, &st) == 0 && (st.st_mode & 2)) ) {
		    MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
		    return 0;
		}
	    }
	}
    }
#endif /* neither OS2 nor AMIGAOS nor WIN32 nor MSDOS */

    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_clearenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    STRLEN n_a;
    my_setenv(MgPV(mg,n_a),Nullch);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_set_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
#if defined(VMS)
    Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
#else
    if (PL_localizing) {
	HE* entry;
	STRLEN n_a;
	magic_clear_all_env(sv,mg);
	hv_iterinit((HV*)sv);
	while ((entry = hv_iternext((HV*)sv))) {
	    I32 keylen;
	    my_setenv(hv_iterkey(entry, &keylen),
		      SvPV(hv_iterval((HV*)sv, entry), n_a));
	}
    }
#endif
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_clear_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
#if defined(VMS) || defined(EPOC)
    Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
#else
#  if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS) || defined(WIN32)
    PerlEnv_clearenv();
#  else
#    ifdef USE_ENVIRON_ARRAY
#      if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
    /* only the parent thread can clobber the process environment */
    if (PL_curinterp == aTHX)
#      endif
    {
#      ifndef PERL_USE_SAFE_PUTENV
    I32 i;

    if (environ == PL_origenviron)
	environ = (char**)safesysmalloc(sizeof(char*));
    else
	for (i = 0; environ[i]; i++)
	    safesysfree(environ[i]);
#      endif /* PERL_USE_SAFE_PUTENV */

    environ[0] = Nullch;
    }
#    endif /* USE_ENVIRON_ARRAY */
#   endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS || WIN32 */
#endif /* VMS || EPC */
    return 0;
}

#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)||defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
static int sig_handlers_initted = 0;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
static int sig_ignoring[SIG_SIZE];      /* which signals we are ignoring */
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
static int sig_defaulting[SIG_SIZE];
#endif

#ifndef PERL_MICRO
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
static void
restore_sigmask(pTHX_ SV *save_sv)
{
    sigset_t *ossetp = (sigset_t *) SvPV_nolen( save_sv );
    (void)sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, ossetp, (sigset_t *)0);
}
#endif
int
Perl_magic_getsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    I32 i;
    STRLEN n_a;
    /* Are we fetching a signal entry? */
    i = whichsig(MgPV(mg,n_a));
    if (i > 0) {
    	if(PL_psig_ptr[i])
    	    sv_setsv(sv,PL_psig_ptr[i]);
    	else {
    	    Sighandler_t sigstate;
    	    sigstate = rsignal_state(i);
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
    	    if (sig_handlers_initted && sig_ignoring[i]) sigstate = SIG_IGN;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
    	    if (sig_handlers_initted && sig_defaulting[i]) sigstate = SIG_DFL;
#endif
    	    /* cache state so we don't fetch it again */
    	    if(sigstate == SIG_IGN)
    	    	sv_setpv(sv,"IGNORE");
    	    else
    	    	sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
    	    PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc(sv);
    	    SvTEMP_off(sv);
    	}
    }
    return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_clearsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    /* XXX Some of this code was copied from Perl_magic_setsig. A little
     * refactoring might be in order.
     */
    register char *s;
    STRLEN n_a;
    SV* to_dec;
    s = MgPV(mg,n_a);
    if (*s == '_') {
	SV** svp;
	if (strEQ(s,"__DIE__"))
	    svp = &PL_diehook;
	else if (strEQ(s,"__WARN__"))
	    svp = &PL_warnhook;
	else
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "No such hook: %s", s);
	if (*svp) {
	    to_dec = *svp;
	    *svp = 0;
    	    SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
	}
    }
    else {
	I32 i;
	/* Are we clearing a signal entry? */
	i = whichsig(s);
	if (i > 0) {
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
	    sigset_t set, save;
	    SV* save_sv;
	    /* Avoid having the signal arrive at a bad time, if possible. */
	    sigemptyset(&set);
	    sigaddset(&set,i);
	    sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, &save);
	    ENTER;
	    save_sv = newSVpv((char *)(&save), sizeof(sigset_t));
	    SAVEFREESV(save_sv);
	    SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_sigmask, save_sv);
#endif
	    PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
	    if (!sig_handlers_initted) Perl_csighandler_init();
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
	    sig_defaulting[i] = 1;
	    (void)rsignal(i, &Perl_csighandler);
#else
	    (void)rsignal(i, SIG_DFL);
#endif
    	    if(PL_psig_name[i]) {
    		SvREFCNT_dec(PL_psig_name[i]);
    		PL_psig_name[i]=0;
    	    }
    	    if(PL_psig_ptr[i]) {
		to_dec=PL_psig_ptr[i];
    		PL_psig_ptr[i]=0;
		LEAVE;
    		SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
    	    }
	    else
		LEAVE;
	}
    }
    return 0;
}

void
Perl_raise_signal(pTHX_ int sig)
{
    /* Set a flag to say this signal is pending */
    PL_psig_pend[sig]++;
    /* And one to say _a_ signal is pending */
    PL_sig_pending = 1;
}

Signal_t
Perl_csighandler(int sig)
{
#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
    dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
#else
    dTHX;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
    (void) rsignal(sig, &Perl_csighandler);
    if (sig_ignoring[sig]) return;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
    if (sig_defaulting[sig])
#ifdef KILL_BY_SIGPRC
            exit((Perl_sig_to_vmscondition(sig)&STS$M_COND_ID)|STS$K_SEVERE|STS$M_INHIB_MSG);
#else
            exit(1);
#endif
#endif
   if (PL_signals & PERL_SIGNALS_UNSAFE_FLAG)
	/* Call the perl level handler now--
	 * with risk we may be in malloc() etc. */
	(*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
   else
	Perl_raise_signal(aTHX_ sig);
}

#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
void
Perl_csighandler_init(void)
{
    int sig;
    if (sig_handlers_initted) return;

    for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
        dTHX;
        sig_defaulting[sig] = 1;
        (void) rsignal(sig, &Perl_csighandler);
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
        sig_ignoring[sig] = 0;
#endif
    }
    sig_handlers_initted = 1;
}
#endif

void
Perl_despatch_signals(pTHX)
{
    int sig;
    PL_sig_pending = 0;
    for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
	if (PL_psig_pend[sig]) {
	    PERL_BLOCKSIG_ADD(set, sig);
 	    PL_psig_pend[sig] = 0;
	    PERL_BLOCKSIG_BLOCK(set);
	    (*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
	    PERL_BLOCKSIG_UNBLOCK(set);
	}
    }
}

int
Perl_magic_setsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register char *s;
    I32 i;
    SV** svp = 0;
    /* Need to be careful with SvREFCNT_dec(), because that can have side
     * effects (due to closures). We must make sure that the new disposition
     * is in place before it is called.
     */
    SV* to_dec = 0;
    STRLEN len;
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
    sigset_t set, save;
    SV* save_sv;
#endif

    s = MgPV(mg,len);
    if (*s == '_') {
	if (strEQ(s,"__DIE__"))
	    svp = &PL_diehook;
	else if (strEQ(s,"__WARN__"))
	    svp = &PL_warnhook;
	else
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "No such hook: %s", s);
	i = 0;
	if (*svp) {
	    to_dec = *svp;
	    *svp = 0;
	}
    }
    else {
	i = whichsig(s);	/* ...no, a brick */
	if (i < 0) {
	    if (ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
		Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "No such signal: SIG%s", s);
	    return 0;
	}
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
	/* Avoid having the signal arrive at a bad time, if possible. */
	sigemptyset(&set);
	sigaddset(&set,i);
	sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, &save);
	ENTER;
	save_sv = newSVpv((char *)(&save), sizeof(sigset_t));
	SAVEFREESV(save_sv);
	SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_sigmask, save_sv);
#endif
	PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
	if (!sig_handlers_initted) Perl_csighandler_init();
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
	sig_ignoring[i] = 0;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
	sig_defaulting[i] = 0;
#endif
	SvREFCNT_dec(PL_psig_name[i]);
	to_dec = PL_psig_ptr[i];
	PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc(sv);
	SvTEMP_off(sv); /* Make sure it doesn't go away on us */
	PL_psig_name[i] = newSVpvn(s, len);
	SvREADONLY_on(PL_psig_name[i]);
    }
    if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVGV || SvROK(sv)) {
	if (i) {
	    (void)rsignal(i, &Perl_csighandler);
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
	    LEAVE;
#endif
	}
	else
	    *svp = SvREFCNT_inc(sv);
	if(to_dec)
	    SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
	return 0;
    }
    s = SvPV_force(sv,len);
    if (strEQ(s,"IGNORE")) {
	if (i) {
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
	    sig_ignoring[i] = 1;
	    (void)rsignal(i, &Perl_csighandler);
#else
	    (void)rsignal(i, SIG_IGN);
#endif
	}
    }
    else if (strEQ(s,"DEFAULT") || !*s) {
	if (i)
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
	  {
	    sig_defaulting[i] = 1;
	    (void)rsignal(i, &Perl_csighandler);
	  }
#else
	    (void)rsignal(i, SIG_DFL);
#endif
    }
    else {
	/*
	 * We should warn if HINT_STRICT_REFS, but without
	 * access to a known hint bit in a known OP, we can't
	 * tell whether HINT_STRICT_REFS is in force or not.
	 */
	if (!strchr(s,':') && !strchr(s,'\''))
	    sv_insert(sv, 0, 0, "main::", 6);
	if (i)
	    (void)rsignal(i, &Perl_csighandler);
	else
	    *svp = SvREFCNT_inc(sv);
    }
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
    if(i)
	LEAVE;
#endif
    if(to_dec)
	SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
    return 0;
}
#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */

int
Perl_magic_setisa(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    PL_sub_generation++;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setamagic(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    /* HV_badAMAGIC_on(Sv_STASH(sv)); */
    PL_amagic_generation++;

    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    HV *hv = (HV*)LvTARG(sv);
    I32 i = 0;

    if (hv) {
         (void) hv_iterinit(hv);
         if (! SvTIED_mg((SV*)hv, PERL_MAGIC_tied))
	     i = HvKEYS(hv);
         else {
	     while (hv_iternext(hv))
	         i++;
         }
    }

    sv_setiv(sv, (IV)i);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    if (LvTARG(sv)) {
	hv_ksplit((HV*)LvTARG(sv), SvIV(sv));
    }
    return 0;
}

/* caller is responsible for stack switching/cleanup */
STATIC int
S_magic_methcall(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg, char *meth, I32 flags, int n, SV *val)
{
    dSP;

    PUSHMARK(SP);
    EXTEND(SP, n);
    PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
    if (n > 1) {
	if (mg->mg_ptr) {
	    if (mg->mg_len >= 0)
		PUSHs(sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len)));
	    else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
		PUSHs((SV*)mg->mg_ptr);
	}
	else if (mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_tiedelem) {
	    PUSHs(sv_2mortal(newSViv(mg->mg_len)));
	}
    }
    if (n > 2) {
	PUSHs(val);
    }
    PUTBACK;

    return call_method(meth, flags);
}

STATIC int
S_magic_methpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg, char *meth)
{
    dSP;

    ENTER;
    SAVETMPS;
    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);

    if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, meth, G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
	sv_setsv(sv, *PL_stack_sp--);
    }

    POPSTACK;
    FREETMPS;
    LEAVE;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    magic_methpack(sv,mg,"FETCH");
    if (mg->mg_ptr)
	mg->mg_flags |= MGf_GSKIP;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    dSP;
    ENTER;
    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
    magic_methcall(sv, mg, "STORE", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD, 3, sv);
    POPSTACK;
    LEAVE;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_clearpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"DELETE");
}


U32
Perl_magic_sizepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    dSP;
    U32 retval = 0;

    ENTER;
    SAVETMPS;
    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
    if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, "FETCHSIZE", G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
	sv = *PL_stack_sp--;
	retval = (U32) SvIV(sv)-1;
    }
    POPSTACK;
    FREETMPS;
    LEAVE;
    return retval;
}

int
Perl_magic_wipepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    dSP;

    ENTER;
    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
    PUSHMARK(SP);
    XPUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
    PUTBACK;
    call_method("CLEAR", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD);
    POPSTACK;
    LEAVE;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_nextpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg, SV *key)
{
    dSP;
    const char *meth = SvOK(key) ? "NEXTKEY" : "FIRSTKEY";

    ENTER;
    SAVETMPS;
    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
    PUSHMARK(SP);
    EXTEND(SP, 2);
    PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
    if (SvOK(key))
	PUSHs(key);
    PUTBACK;

    if (call_method(meth, G_SCALAR))
	sv_setsv(key, *PL_stack_sp--);

    POPSTACK;
    FREETMPS;
    LEAVE;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_existspack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"EXISTS");
}

int
Perl_magic_setdbline(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    OP *o;
    I32 i;
    GV* gv;
    SV** svp;
    STRLEN n_a;

    gv = PL_DBline;
    i = SvTRUE(sv);
    svp = av_fetch(GvAV(gv),
		     atoi(MgPV(mg,n_a)), FALSE);
    if (svp && SvIOKp(*svp) && (o = INT2PTR(OP*,SvIVX(*svp)))) {
	/* set or clear breakpoint in the relevant control op */
	if (i)
	    o->op_flags |= OPf_SPECIAL;
	else
	    o->op_flags &= ~OPf_SPECIAL;
    }
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    sv_setiv(sv, AvFILL((AV*)mg->mg_obj) + PL_curcop->cop_arybase);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    av_fill((AV*)mg->mg_obj, SvIV(sv) - PL_curcop->cop_arybase);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    SV* lsv = LvTARG(sv);

    if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv)) {
	mg = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
	if (mg && mg->mg_len >= 0) {
	    I32 i = mg->mg_len;
	    if (DO_UTF8(lsv))
		sv_pos_b2u(lsv, &i);
	    sv_setiv(sv, i + PL_curcop->cop_arybase);
	    return 0;
	}
    }
    (void)SvOK_off(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    SV* lsv = LvTARG(sv);
    SSize_t pos;
    STRLEN len;
    STRLEN ulen = 0;

    mg = 0;

    if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv))
	mg = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
    if (!mg) {
	if (!SvOK(sv))
	    return 0;
	sv_magic(lsv, (SV*)0, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global, Nullch, 0);
	mg = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
    }
    else if (!SvOK(sv)) {
	mg->mg_len = -1;
	return 0;
    }
    len = SvPOK(lsv) ? SvCUR(lsv) : sv_len(lsv);

    pos = SvIV(sv) - PL_curcop->cop_arybase;

    if (DO_UTF8(lsv)) {
	ulen = sv_len_utf8(lsv);
	if (ulen)
	    len = ulen;
    }

    if (pos < 0) {
	pos += len;
	if (pos < 0)
	    pos = 0;
    }
    else if (pos > (SSize_t)len)
	pos = len;

    if (ulen) {
	I32 p = pos;
	sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &p, 0);
	pos = p;
    }

    mg->mg_len = pos;
    mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_MINMATCH;

    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getglob(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    if (SvFAKE(sv)) {			/* FAKE globs can get coerced */
	SvFAKE_off(sv);
	gv_efullname3(sv,((GV*)sv), "*");
	SvFAKE_on(sv);
    }
    else
	gv_efullname3(sv,((GV*)sv), "*");	/* a gv value, be nice */
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setglob(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register char *s;
    GV* gv;
    STRLEN n_a;

    if (!SvOK(sv))
	return 0;
    s = SvPV(sv, n_a);
    if (*s == '*' && s[1])
	s++;
    gv = gv_fetchpv(s,TRUE, SVt_PVGV);
    if (sv == (SV*)gv)
	return 0;
    if (GvGP(sv))
	gp_free((GV*)sv);
    GvGP(sv) = gp_ref(GvGP(gv));
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    STRLEN len;
    SV *lsv = LvTARG(sv);
    char *tmps = SvPV(lsv,len);
    I32 offs = LvTARGOFF(sv);
    I32 rem = LvTARGLEN(sv);

    if (SvUTF8(lsv))
	sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &offs, &rem);
    if (offs > (I32)len)
	offs = len;
    if (rem + offs > (I32)len)
	rem = len - offs;
    sv_setpvn(sv, tmps + offs, (STRLEN)rem);
    if (SvUTF8(lsv))
        SvUTF8_on(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    STRLEN len;
    char *tmps = SvPV(sv, len);
    SV *lsv = LvTARG(sv);
    I32 lvoff = LvTARGOFF(sv);
    I32 lvlen = LvTARGLEN(sv);

    if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
	sv_utf8_upgrade(lsv);
 	sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
	sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
	SvUTF8_on(lsv);
    }
    else if (lsv && SvUTF8(lsv)) {
	sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
	tmps = (char*)bytes_to_utf8((U8*)tmps, &len);
	sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
	Safefree(tmps);
    }
    else
        sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);

    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_gettaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    TAINT_IF((mg->mg_len & 1) ||
	     ((mg->mg_len & 2) && mg->mg_obj == sv));	/* kludge */
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_settaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    if (PL_localizing) {
	if (PL_localizing == 1)
	    mg->mg_len <<= 1;
	else
	    mg->mg_len >>= 1;
    }
    else if (PL_tainted)
	mg->mg_len |= 1;
    else
	mg->mg_len &= ~1;
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    SV *lsv = LvTARG(sv);

    if (!lsv) {
	(void)SvOK_off(sv);
	return 0;
    }

    sv_setuv(sv, do_vecget(lsv, LvTARGOFF(sv), LvTARGLEN(sv)));
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    do_vecset(sv);	/* XXX slurp this routine */
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_getdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    SV *targ = Nullsv;
    if (LvTARGLEN(sv)) {
	if (mg->mg_obj) {
	    SV *ahv = LvTARG(sv);
	    if (SvTYPE(ahv) == SVt_PVHV) {
		HE *he = hv_fetch_ent((HV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, FALSE, 0);
		if (he)
		    targ = HeVAL(he);
	    }
	    else {
		SV **svp = avhv_fetch_ent((AV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, FALSE, 0);
		if (svp)
		    targ = *svp;
	    }
	}
	else {
	    AV* av = (AV*)LvTARG(sv);
	    if ((I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) <= AvFILL(av))
		targ = AvARRAY(av)[LvTARGOFF(sv)];
	}
	if (targ && targ != &PL_sv_undef) {
	    /* somebody else defined it for us */
	    SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
	    LvTARG(sv) = SvREFCNT_inc(targ);
	    LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
	    SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
	    mg->mg_obj = Nullsv;
	    mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
	}
    }
    else
	targ = LvTARG(sv);
    sv_setsv(sv, targ ? targ : &PL_sv_undef);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    if (LvTARGLEN(sv))
	vivify_defelem(sv);
    if (LvTARG(sv)) {
	sv_setsv(LvTARG(sv), sv);
	SvSETMAGIC(LvTARG(sv));
    }
    return 0;
}

void
Perl_vivify_defelem(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
    MAGIC *mg;
    SV *value = Nullsv;

    if (!LvTARGLEN(sv) || !(mg = mg_find(sv, PERL_MAGIC_defelem)))
	return;
    if (mg->mg_obj) {
	SV *ahv = LvTARG(sv);
	STRLEN n_a;
	if (SvTYPE(ahv) == SVt_PVHV) {
	    HE *he = hv_fetch_ent((HV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, TRUE, 0);
	    if (he)
		value = HeVAL(he);
	}
	else {
	    SV **svp = avhv_fetch_ent((AV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, TRUE, 0);
	    if (svp)
		value = *svp;
	}
	if (!value || value == &PL_sv_undef)
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_helem, SvPV(mg->mg_obj, n_a));
    }
    else {
	AV* av = (AV*)LvTARG(sv);
	if ((I32)LvTARGLEN(sv) < 0 && (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) > AvFILL(av))
	    LvTARG(sv) = Nullsv;	/* array can't be extended */
	else {
	    SV** svp = av_fetch(av, LvTARGOFF(sv), TRUE);
	    if (!svp || (value = *svp) == &PL_sv_undef)
		Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_aelem, (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv));
	}
    }
    (void)SvREFCNT_inc(value);
    SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
    LvTARG(sv) = value;
    LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
    SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
    mg->mg_obj = Nullsv;
    mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
}

int
Perl_magic_killbackrefs(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    AV *av = (AV*)mg->mg_obj;
    SV **svp = AvARRAY(av);
    I32 i = AvFILLp(av);
    while (i >= 0) {
	if (svp[i] && svp[i] != &PL_sv_undef) {
	    if (!SvWEAKREF(svp[i]))
		Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: magic_killbackrefs");
	    /* XXX Should we check that it hasn't changed? */
	    SvRV(svp[i]) = 0;
	    (void)SvOK_off(svp[i]);
	    SvWEAKREF_off(svp[i]);
	    svp[i] = &PL_sv_undef;
	}
	i--;
    }
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setmglob(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    mg->mg_len = -1;
    SvSCREAM_off(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setbm(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    sv_unmagic(sv, PERL_MAGIC_bm);
    SvVALID_off(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setfm(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    sv_unmagic(sv, PERL_MAGIC_fm);
    SvCOMPILED_off(sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    struct ufuncs *uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;

    if (uf && uf->uf_set)
	(*uf->uf_set)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_setregexp(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    sv_unmagic(sv, PERL_MAGIC_qr);
    return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_freeregexp(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    regexp *re = (regexp *)mg->mg_obj;
    ReREFCNT_dec(re);
    return 0;
}

#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
int
Perl_magic_setcollxfrm(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    /*
     * RenE<eacute> Descartes said "I think not."
     * and vanished with a faint plop.
     */
    if (mg->mg_ptr) {
	Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
	mg->mg_ptr = NULL;
	mg->mg_len = -1;
    }
    return 0;
}
#endif /* USE_LOCALE_COLLATE */

/* Just clear the UTF-8 cache data. */
int
Perl_magic_setutf8(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
     Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);	/* The mg_ptr holds the pos cache. */
     mg->mg_ptr = 0;
     mg->mg_len = -1; 		/* The mg_len holds the len cache. */
     return 0;
}

int
Perl_magic_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    register char *s;
    I32 i;
    STRLEN len;
    switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
    case '\001':	/* ^A */
	sv_setsv(PL_bodytarget, sv);
	break;
    case '\003':	/* ^C */
	PL_minus_c = (bool)(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
	break;

    case '\004':	/* ^D */
	PL_debug = (SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv)) | DEBUG_TOP_FLAG;
	DEBUG_x(dump_all());
	break;
    case '\005':  /* ^E */
	if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
	    gMacPerl_OSErr = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
#else
#  ifdef VMS
	    set_vaxc_errno(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
#  else
#    ifdef WIN32
	    SetLastError( SvIV(sv) );
#    else
#      ifdef OS2
	    os2_setsyserrno(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
#      else
	    /* will anyone ever use this? */
	    SETERRNO(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv), 4);
#      endif
#    endif
#  endif
#endif
	}
	else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "NCODING")) {
	    if (PL_encoding)
		SvREFCNT_dec(PL_encoding);
	    if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
		PL_encoding = newSVsv(sv);
	    }
	    else {
		PL_encoding = Nullsv;
	    }
	}
	break;
    case '\006':	/* ^F */
	PL_maxsysfd = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	break;
    case '\010':	/* ^H */
	PL_hints = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	break;
    case '\011':	/* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
	if (PL_inplace)
	    Safefree(PL_inplace);
	if (SvOK(sv))
	    PL_inplace = savepv(SvPV(sv,len));
	else
	    PL_inplace = Nullch;
	break;
    case '\017':	/* ^O */
	if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
	    if (PL_osname)
		Safefree(PL_osname);
	    if (SvOK(sv))
		PL_osname = savepv(SvPV(sv,len));
	    else
		PL_osname = Nullch;
	}
	else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\017PEN")) {
	    if (!PL_compiling.cop_io)
		PL_compiling.cop_io = newSVsv(sv);
	    else
		sv_setsv(PL_compiling.cop_io,sv);
	}
	break;
    case '\020':	/* ^P */
	PL_perldb = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	if (PL_perldb && !PL_DBsingle)
	    init_debugger();
	break;
    case '\024':	/* ^T */
#ifdef BIG_TIME
	PL_basetime = (Time_t)(SvNOK(sv) ? SvNVX(sv) : sv_2nv(sv));
#else
	PL_basetime = (Time_t)(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
#endif
	break;
    case '\027':	/* ^W & $^WARNING_BITS */
	if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
	    if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
	        i = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	        PL_dowarn = (PL_dowarn & ~G_WARN_ON)
		    		| (i ? G_WARN_ON : G_WARN_OFF) ;
	    }
	}
	else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "ARNING_BITS")) {
	    if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
		if (!SvPOK(sv) && PL_localizing) {
	            sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize);
	            PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
		    break;
		}
		{
		    STRLEN len, i;
		    int accumulate = 0 ;
		    int any_fatals = 0 ;
		    char * ptr = (char*)SvPV(sv, len) ;
		    for (i = 0 ; i < len ; ++i) {
		        accumulate |= ptr[i] ;
		        any_fatals |= (ptr[i] & 0xAA) ;
		    }
		    if (!accumulate)
	                PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
		    else if (isWARN_on(sv, WARN_ALL) && !any_fatals) {
	                PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_ALL;
	                PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
	            }
                    else {
	                if (specialWARN(PL_compiling.cop_warnings))
		            PL_compiling.cop_warnings = newSVsv(sv) ;
	                else
	                    sv_setsv(PL_compiling.cop_warnings, sv);
	                if (isWARN_on(PL_compiling.cop_warnings, WARN_ONCE))
	                    PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
	            }

		}
	    }
	}
	break;
    case '.':
	if (PL_localizing) {
	    if (PL_localizing == 1)
		SAVESPTR(PL_last_in_gv);
	}
	else if (SvOK(sv) && GvIO(PL_last_in_gv))
	    IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)) = SvIV(sv);
	break;
    case '^':
	Safefree(IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
	IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = s = savepv(SvPV(sv,len));
	IoTOP_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchpv(s,TRUE, SVt_PVIO);
	break;
    case '~':
	Safefree(IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
	IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = s = savepv(SvPV(sv,len));
	IoFMT_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchpv(s,TRUE, SVt_PVIO);
	break;
    case '=':
	IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
	break;
    case '-':
	IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
	if (IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) < 0L)
	    IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = 0L;
	break;
    case '%':
	IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
	break;
    case '|':
	{
	    IO *io = GvIOp(PL_defoutgv);
	    if(!io)
	      break;
	    if ((SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv)) == 0)
		IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_FLUSH;
	    else {
		if (!(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FLUSH)) {
		    PerlIO *ofp = IoOFP(io);
		    if (ofp)
			(void)PerlIO_flush(ofp);
		    IoFLAGS(io) |= IOf_FLUSH;
		}
	    }
	}
	break;
    case '*':
	i = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	PL_multiline = (i != 0);
	break;
    case '/':
	SvREFCNT_dec(PL_rs);
	PL_rs = newSVsv(sv);
	break;
    case '\\':
	if (PL_ors_sv)
	    SvREFCNT_dec(PL_ors_sv);
	if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
	    PL_ors_sv = newSVsv(sv);
	}
	else {
	    PL_ors_sv = Nullsv;
	}
	break;
    case ',':
	if (PL_ofs_sv)
	    SvREFCNT_dec(PL_ofs_sv);
	if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
	    PL_ofs_sv = newSVsv(sv);
	}
	else {
	    PL_ofs_sv = Nullsv;
	}
	break;
    case '#':
	if (PL_ofmt)
	    Safefree(PL_ofmt);
	PL_ofmt = savepv(SvPV(sv,len));
	break;
    case '[':
	PL_compiling.cop_arybase = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	break;
    case '?':
#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
	if (PL_localizing == 2) {
	    PL_statusvalue = LvTARGOFF(sv);
	    PL_statusvalue_vms = LvTARGLEN(sv);
	}
	else
#endif
#ifdef VMSISH_STATUS
	if (VMSISH_STATUS)
	    STATUS_NATIVE_SET((U32)(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv)));
	else
#endif
	    STATUS_POSIX_SET(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv));
	break;
    case '!':
        {
#ifdef VMS
#   define PERL_VMS_BANG vaxc$errno
#else
#   define PERL_VMS_BANG 0
#endif
	SETERRNO(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : SvOK(sv) ? sv_2iv(sv) : 0,
		 (SvIV(sv) == EVMSERR) ? 4 : PERL_VMS_BANG);
	}
	break;
    case '<':
	PL_uid = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	if (PL_delaymagic) {
	    PL_delaymagic |= DM_RUID;
	    break;				/* don't do magic till later */
	}
#ifdef HAS_SETRUID
	(void)setruid((Uid_t)PL_uid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
	(void)setreuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
      (void)setresuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
	if (PL_uid == PL_euid)		/* special case $< = $> */
	    (void)PerlProc_setuid(PL_uid);
	else {
	    PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setruid() not implemented");
	}
#endif
#endif
#endif
	PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
	PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
	break;
    case '>':
	PL_euid = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	if (PL_delaymagic) {
	    PL_delaymagic |= DM_EUID;
	    break;				/* don't do magic till later */
	}
#ifdef HAS_SETEUID
	(void)seteuid((Uid_t)PL_euid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
	(void)setreuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
	(void)setresuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
	if (PL_euid == PL_uid)		/* special case $> = $< */
	    PerlProc_setuid(PL_euid);
	else {
	    PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "seteuid() not implemented");
	}
#endif
#endif
#endif
	PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
	PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
	break;
    case '(':
	PL_gid = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
	if (PL_delaymagic) {
	    PL_delaymagic |= DM_RGID;
	    break;				/* don't do magic till later */
	}
#ifdef HAS_SETRGID
	(void)setrgid((Gid_t)PL_gid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
	(void)setregid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
      (void)setresgid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t) 1);
#else
	if (PL_gid == PL_egid)			/* special case $( = $) */
	    (void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_gid);
	else {
	    PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setrgid() not implemented");
	}
#endif
#endif
#endif
	PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
	PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
	break;
    case ')':
#ifdef HAS_SETGROUPS
	{
	    char *p = SvPV(sv, len);
	    Groups_t gary[NGROUPS];

	    while (isSPACE(*p))
		++p;
	    PL_egid = Atol(p);
	    for (i = 0; i < NGROUPS; ++i) {
		while (*p && !isSPACE(*p))
		    ++p;
		while (isSPACE(*p))
		    ++p;
		if (!*p)
		    break;
		gary[i] = Atol(p);
	    }
	    if (i)
		(void)setgroups(i, gary);
	}
#else  /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
	PL_egid = SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : sv_2iv(sv);
#endif /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
	if (PL_delaymagic) {
	    PL_delaymagic |= DM_EGID;
	    break;				/* don't do magic till later */
	}
#ifdef HAS_SETEGID
	(void)setegid((Gid_t)PL_egid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
	(void)setregid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
	(void)setresgid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid, (Gid_t)-1);
#else
	if (PL_egid == PL_gid)			/* special case $) = $( */
	    (void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_egid);
	else {
	    PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
	    Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setegid() not implemented");
	}
#endif
#endif
#endif
	PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
	PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
	break;
    case ':':
	PL_chopset = SvPV_force(sv,len);
	break;
#ifndef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
    case '0':
	LOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
#ifdef HAS_SETPROCTITLE
	/* The BSDs don't show the argv[] in ps(1) output, they
	 * show a string from the process struct and provide
	 * the setproctitle() routine to manipulate that. */
	{
	    s = SvPV(sv, len);
#   if __FreeBSD_version > 410001
	    /* The leading "-" removes the "perl: " prefix,
	     * but not the "(perl) suffix from the ps(1)
	     * output, because that's what ps(1) shows if the
	     * argv[] is modified. */
	    setproctitle("-%s", s);
#   else	/* old FreeBSDs, NetBSD, OpenBSD, anyBSD */
	    /* This doesn't really work if you assume that
	     * $0 = 'foobar'; will wipe out 'perl' from the $0
	     * because in ps(1) output the result will be like
	     * sprintf("perl: %s (perl)", s)
	     * I guess this is a security feature:
	     * one (a user process) cannot get rid of the original name.
	     * --jhi */
	    setproctitle("%s", s);
#   endif
	}
#endif
#if defined(__hpux) && defined(PSTAT_SETCMD)
	{
	     union pstun un;
	     s = SvPV(sv, len);
	     un.pst_command = s;
	     pstat(PSTAT_SETCMD, un, len, 0, 0);
	}
#endif
	if (!PL_origalen) {
	    s = PL_origargv[0];
	    s += strlen(s);
	    /* See if all the arguments are contiguous in memory */
	    for (i = 1; i < PL_origargc; i++) {
		if (PL_origargv[i] == s + 1
#ifdef OS2
		    || PL_origargv[i] == s + 2
#endif
		   )
		{
		    ++s;
		    s += strlen(s);	/* this one is ok too */
		}
		else
		    break;
	    }
	    /* can grab env area too? */
	    if (PL_origenviron
#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
		&& PL_curinterp == aTHX
#endif
		&& (PL_origenviron[0] == s + 1))
	    {
		my_setenv("NoNe  SuCh", Nullch);
					    /* force copy of environment */
		for (i = 0; PL_origenviron[i]; i++)
		    if (PL_origenviron[i] == s + 1) {
			++s;
			s += strlen(s);
		    }
		    else
			break;
	    }
	    PL_origalen = s - PL_origargv[0];
	}
	s = SvPV_force(sv,len);
	i = len;
	if (i >= (I32)PL_origalen) {
	    i = PL_origalen;
	    /* don't allow system to limit $0 seen by script */
	    /* SvCUR_set(sv, i); *SvEND(sv) = '\0'; */
	    Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], i, char);
	    s = PL_origargv[0]+i;
	    *s = '\0';
	}
	else {
	    Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], i, char);
	    s = PL_origargv[0]+i;
	    *s++ = '\0';
	    while (++i < (I32)PL_origalen)
		*s++ = '\0';
	    for (i = 1; i < PL_origargc; i++)
		PL_origargv[i] = Nullch;
	}
	UNLOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
	break;
#endif
#ifdef USE_5005THREADS
    case '@':
	sv_setsv(thr->errsv, sv);
	break;
#endif /* USE_5005THREADS */
    }
    return 0;
}

#ifdef USE_5005THREADS
int
Perl_magic_mutexfree(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
    DEBUG_S(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,
			  "0x%"UVxf": magic_mutexfree 0x%"UVxf"\n",
			  PTR2UV(thr), PTR2UV(sv)));
    if (MgOWNER(mg))
	Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: magic_mutexfree");
    MUTEX_DESTROY(MgMUTEXP(mg));
    COND_DESTROY(MgCONDP(mg));
    return 0;
}
#endif /* USE_5005THREADS */

I32
Perl_whichsig(pTHX_ char *sig)
{
    register char **sigv;

    for (sigv = PL_sig_name; *sigv; sigv++)
	if (strEQ(sig,*sigv))
	    return PL_sig_num[sigv - PL_sig_name];
#ifdef SIGCLD
    if (strEQ(sig,"CHLD"))
	return SIGCLD;
#endif
#ifdef SIGCHLD
    if (strEQ(sig,"CLD"))
	return SIGCHLD;
#endif
    return -1;
}

#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
static SV* sig_sv;
#endif

Signal_t
Perl_sighandler(int sig)
{
#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
    dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
#else
    dTHX;
#endif
    dSP;
    GV *gv = Nullgv;
    HV *st;
    SV *sv = Nullsv, *tSv = PL_Sv;
    CV *cv = Nullcv;
    OP *myop = PL_op;
    U32 flags = 0;
    XPV *tXpv = PL_Xpv;

    if (PL_savestack_ix + 15 <= PL_savestack_max)
	flags |= 1;
    if (PL_markstack_ptr < PL_markstack_max - 2)
	flags |= 4;
    if (PL_retstack_ix < PL_retstack_max - 2)
	flags |= 8;
    if (PL_scopestack_ix < PL_scopestack_max - 3)
	flags |= 16;

    if (!PL_psig_ptr[sig]) {
		PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log, "Signal SIG%s received, but no signal handler set.\n",
				 PL_sig_name[sig]);
		exit(sig);
	}

    /* Max number of items pushed there is 3*n or 4. We cannot fix
       infinity, so we fix 4 (in fact 5): */
    if (flags & 1) {
	PL_savestack_ix += 5;		/* Protect save in progress. */
	SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(unwind_handler_stack, (void*)&flags);
    }
    if (flags & 4)
	PL_markstack_ptr++;		/* Protect mark. */
    if (flags & 8) {
	PL_retstack_ix++;
	PL_retstack[PL_retstack_ix] = NULL;
    }
    if (flags & 16)
	PL_scopestack_ix += 1;
    /* sv_2cv is too complicated, try a simpler variant first: */
    if (!SvROK(PL_psig_ptr[sig]) || !(cv = (CV*)SvRV(PL_psig_ptr[sig]))
	|| SvTYPE(cv) != SVt_PVCV)
	cv = sv_2cv(PL_psig_ptr[sig],&st,&gv,TRUE);

    if (!cv || !CvROOT(cv)) {
	if (ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
	    Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "SIG%s handler \"%s\" not defined.\n",
		PL_sig_name[sig], (gv ? GvENAME(gv)
				: ((cv && CvGV(cv))
				   ? GvENAME(CvGV(cv))
				   : "__ANON__")));
	goto cleanup;
    }

    if(PL_psig_name[sig]) {
    	sv = SvREFCNT_inc(PL_psig_name[sig]);
	flags |= 64;
#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
	sig_sv = sv;
#endif
    } else {
	sv = sv_newmortal();
	sv_setpv(sv,PL_sig_name[sig]);
    }

    PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_SIGNAL);
    PUSHMARK(SP);
    PUSHs(sv);
    PUTBACK;

    call_sv((SV*)cv, G_DISCARD|G_EVAL);

    POPSTACK;
    if (SvTRUE(ERRSV)) {
#ifndef PERL_MICRO
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
	/* Handler "died", for example to get out of a restart-able read().
	 * Before we re-do that on its behalf re-enable the signal which was
	 * blocked by the system when we entered.
	 */
	sigset_t set;
	sigemptyset(&set);
	sigaddset(&set,sig);
	sigprocmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, &set, NULL);
#else
	/* Not clear if this will work */
	(void)rsignal(sig, SIG_IGN);
	(void)rsignal(sig, &Perl_csighandler);
#endif
#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
	Perl_die(aTHX_ Nullformat);
    }
cleanup:
    if (flags & 1)
	PL_savestack_ix -= 8; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
    if (flags & 4)
	PL_markstack_ptr--;
    if (flags & 8)
	PL_retstack_ix--;
    if (flags & 16)
	PL_scopestack_ix -= 1;
    if (flags & 64)
	SvREFCNT_dec(sv);
    PL_op = myop;			/* Apparently not needed... */

    PL_Sv = tSv;			/* Restore global temporaries. */
    PL_Xpv = tXpv;
    return;
}


static void
restore_magic(pTHX_ void *p)
{
    MGS* mgs = SSPTR(PTR2IV(p), MGS*);
    SV* sv = mgs->mgs_sv;

    if (!sv)
        return;

    if (SvTYPE(sv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(sv))
    {
	if (mgs->mgs_flags)
	    SvFLAGS(sv) |= mgs->mgs_flags;
	else
	    mg_magical(sv);
	if (SvGMAGICAL(sv))
	    SvFLAGS(sv) &= ~(SVf_IOK|SVf_NOK|SVf_POK);
    }

    mgs->mgs_sv = NULL;  /* mark the MGS structure as restored */

    /* If we're still on top of the stack, pop us off.  (That condition
     * will be satisfied if restore_magic was called explicitly, but *not*
     * if it's being called via leave_scope.)
     * The reason for doing this is that otherwise, things like sv_2cv()
     * may leave alloc gunk on the savestack, and some code
     * (e.g. sighandler) doesn't expect that...
     */
    if (PL_savestack_ix == mgs->mgs_ss_ix)
    {
	I32 popval = SSPOPINT;
        assert(popval == SAVEt_DESTRUCTOR_X);
        PL_savestack_ix -= 2;
	popval = SSPOPINT;
        assert(popval == SAVEt_ALLOC);
	popval = SSPOPINT;
        PL_savestack_ix -= popval;
    }

}

static void
unwind_handler_stack(pTHX_ void *p)
{
    U32 flags = *(U32*)p;

    if (flags & 1)
	PL_savestack_ix -= 5; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
    /* cxstack_ix-- Not needed, die already unwound it. */
#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
    if (flags & 64)
	SvREFCNT_dec(sig_sv);
#endif
}