pam_dispatch.c   [plain text]


/* pam_dispatch.c - handles module function dispatch */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1998 Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
 *
 * $Id: pam_dispatch.c,v 1.5 2002/03/27 02:36:08 bbraun Exp $
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "pam_private.h"

/*
 * this is the return code we return when a function pointer is NULL
 * or, the handler structure indicates a broken module config line
 */
#define PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE        PAM_PERM_DENIED

/* impression codes - this gives some sense to the logical choices */
#define _PAM_UNDEF     0
#define _PAM_POSITIVE +1
#define _PAM_NEGATIVE -1

/* frozen chain required codes */
#define _PAM_PLEASE_FREEZE  0
#define _PAM_MAY_BE_FROZEN  1
#define _PAM_MUST_BE_FROZEN 2

/*
 * walk a stack of modules.  Interpret the administrator's instructions
 * when combining the return code of each module.
 */

static int _pam_dispatch_aux(pam_handle_t *pamh, int flags, struct handler *h,
			     _pam_boolean resumed, int use_cached_chain)
{
    int depth, impression, status, skip_depth;

    IF_NO_PAMH("_pam_dispatch_aux", pamh, PAM_SYSTEM_ERR);

    if (h == NULL) {
	const char *service=NULL;

	(void) pam_get_item(pamh, PAM_SERVICE, (const void **)&service);
	_pam_system_log(LOG_ERR, "no modules loaded for `%s' service",
			service ? service:"<unknown>" );
	service = NULL;
	return PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
    }

    /* if we are recalling this module stack because a former call did
       not complete, we restore the state of play from pamh. */
    if (resumed) {
	skip_depth = pamh->former.depth;
	status = pamh->former.status;
	impression = pamh->former.impression;
	/* forget all that */
	pamh->former.impression = _PAM_UNDEF;
	pamh->former.status = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
	pamh->former.depth = 0;
    } else {
	skip_depth = 0;
	impression = _PAM_UNDEF;
	status = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
    }

    /* Loop through module logic stack */
    for (depth=0 ; h != NULL ; h = h->next, ++depth) {
	int retval, cached_retval, action;

	/* skip leading modules if they have already returned */
	if (depth < skip_depth) {
	    continue;
	}

	/* attempt to call the module */
	if (h->func == NULL) {
	    D(("module function is not defined, indicating failure"));
	    retval = PAM_MODULE_UNKNOWN;
	} else {
	    D(("passing control to module..."));
	    retval = h->func(pamh, flags, h->argc, h->argv);
	    D(("module returned: %s", pam_strerror(pamh, retval)));
	    if (h->must_fail) {
		D(("module poorly listed in PAM config; forcing failure"));
		retval = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
	    }
	}

	/*
	 * PAM_INCOMPLETE return is special.  It indicates that the
	 * module wants to wait for the application before continuing.
	 * In order to return this, the module will have saved its
	 * state so it can resume from an equivalent position when it
	 * is called next time.  (This was added as of 0.65)
	 */
	if (retval == PAM_INCOMPLETE) {
	    pamh->former.impression = impression;
	    pamh->former.status = status;
	    pamh->former.depth = depth;

	    D(("module %d returned PAM_INCOMPLETE", depth));
	    return retval;
	}

	/*
	 * use_cached_chain is how we ensure that the setcred/close_session
	 * and chauthtok(2) modules are called in the same order as they did
	 * when they were invoked as auth/open_session/chauthtok(1). This
	 * feature was added in 0.75 to make the behavior of pam_setcred
	 * sane. It was debugged by release 0.76.
	 */
	if (use_cached_chain != _PAM_PLEASE_FREEZE) {

	    /* a former stack execution should have frozen the chain */

	    cached_retval = *(h->cached_retval_p);
	    if (cached_retval == _PAM_INVALID_RETVAL) {

		/* This may be a problem condition. It implies that
		   the application is running setcred, close_session,
		   chauthtok(2nd) without having first run
		   authenticate, open_session, chauthtok(1st)
		   [respectively]. */

		D(("use_cached_chain is set to [%d],"
		   " but cached_retval == _PAM_INVALID_RETVAL",
		   use_cached_chain));

		/* In the case of close_session and setcred there is a
		   backward compatibility reason for allowing this, in
		   the chauthtok case we have encountered a bug in
		   libpam! */

		if (use_cached_chain == _PAM_MAY_BE_FROZEN) {
		    /* (not ideal) force non-frozen stack control. */
		    cached_retval = retval;
		} else {
		    D(("BUG in libpam -"
		       " chain is required to be frozen but isn't"));

		    /* cached_retval is already _PAM_INVALID_RETVAL */
		}
	    }
	} else {
	    /* this stack execution is defining the frozen chain */
	    cached_retval = h->cached_retval = retval;
	}

	/* verify that the return value is a valid one */
	if ((cached_retval < PAM_SUCCESS)
	    || (cached_retval >= _PAM_RETURN_VALUES)) {

	    retval = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
	    action = _PAM_ACTION_BAD;
	} else {
	    /* We treat the current retval with some respect. It may
	       (for example, in the case of setcred) have a value that
	       needs to be propagated to the user.  We want to use the
	       cached_retval to determine the modules to be executed
	       in the stacked chain, but we want to treat each
	       non-ignored module in the cached chain as now being
	       'required'. We only need to treat the,
	       _PAM_ACTION_IGNORE, _PAM_ACTION_IS_JUMP and
	       _PAM_ACTION_RESET actions specially. */

	    action = h->actions[cached_retval];
	}

	D(("use_cached_chain=%d action=%d cached_retval=%d retval=%d",
	   use_cached_chain, action, cached_retval, retval));

	/* decide what to do */
	switch (action) {
	case _PAM_ACTION_RESET:

	    impression = _PAM_UNDEF;
	    status = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
	    break;

	case _PAM_ACTION_OK:
	case _PAM_ACTION_DONE:

	    if ( impression == _PAM_UNDEF
		 || (impression == _PAM_POSITIVE && status == PAM_SUCCESS) ) {
		impression = _PAM_POSITIVE;
		status = retval;
	    }
	    if ( impression == _PAM_POSITIVE && action == _PAM_ACTION_DONE ) {
		goto decision_made;
	    }
	    break;

	case _PAM_ACTION_BAD:
	case _PAM_ACTION_DIE:
#ifdef PAM_FAIL_NOW_ON
	    if ( cached_retval == PAM_ABORT ) {
		impression = _PAM_NEGATIVE;
		status = PAM_PERM_DENIED;
		goto decision_made;
	    }
#endif /* PAM_FAIL_NOW_ON */
	    if ( impression != _PAM_NEGATIVE ) {
		impression = _PAM_NEGATIVE;
		status = retval;
	    }
	    if ( action == _PAM_ACTION_DIE ) {
		goto decision_made;
	    }
	    break;

	case _PAM_ACTION_IGNORE:
	    break;

        /* if we get here, we expect action is a positive number --
           this is what the ...JUMP macro checks. */

	default:
	    if ( _PAM_ACTION_IS_JUMP(action) ) {

		/* If we are evaluating a cached chain, we treat this
		   module as required (aka _PAM_ACTION_OK) as well as
		   executing the jump. */

		if (use_cached_chain) {
		    if (impression == _PAM_UNDEF
			|| (impression == _PAM_POSITIVE
			    && status == PAM_SUCCESS) ) {
			impression = _PAM_POSITIVE;
			status = retval;
		    }
		}
		
		/* this means that we need to skip #action stacked modules */
		do {
 		    h = h->next;
		} while ( --action > 0 && h != NULL );

		/* note if we try to skip too many modules action is
                   still non-zero and we snag the next if. */
	    }

	    /* this case is a syntax error: we can't succeed */
	    if (action) {
		D(("action syntax error"));
		impression = _PAM_NEGATIVE;
		status = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
	    }
	}
    }

decision_made:     /* by getting  here we have made a decision */

    /* Sanity check */
    if ( status == PAM_SUCCESS && impression != _PAM_POSITIVE ) {
	D(("caught on sanity check -- this is probably a config error!"));
	status = PAM_MUST_FAIL_CODE;
    }

    /* We have made a decision about the modules executed */
    return status;
}

/*
 * This function translates the module dispatch request into a pointer
 * to the stack of modules that will actually be run.  the
 * _pam_dispatch_aux() function (above) is responsible for walking the
 * module stack.
 */

int _pam_dispatch(pam_handle_t *pamh, int flags, int choice)
{
    struct handler *h = NULL;
    int retval, use_cached_chain;
    _pam_boolean resumed;

    IF_NO_PAMH("_pam_dispatch", pamh, PAM_SYSTEM_ERR);

    if (__PAM_FROM_MODULE(pamh)) {
	D(("called from a module!?"));
	return PAM_SYSTEM_ERR;
    }

    /* Load all modules, resolve all symbols */

    if ((retval = _pam_init_handlers(pamh)) != PAM_SUCCESS) {
	_pam_system_log(LOG_ERR, "unable to dispatch function");
	return retval;
    }

    use_cached_chain = _PAM_PLEASE_FREEZE;

    switch (choice) {
    case PAM_AUTHENTICATE:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.authenticate;
	break;
    case PAM_SETCRED:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.setcred;
	use_cached_chain = _PAM_MAY_BE_FROZEN;
	break;
    case PAM_ACCOUNT:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.acct_mgmt;
	break;
    case PAM_OPEN_SESSION:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.open_session;
	break;
    case PAM_CLOSE_SESSION:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.close_session;
	use_cached_chain = _PAM_MAY_BE_FROZEN;
	break;
    case PAM_CHAUTHTOK:
	h = pamh->handlers.conf.chauthtok;
	if (flags & PAM_UPDATE_AUTHTOK) {
	    use_cached_chain = _PAM_MUST_BE_FROZEN;
	}
	break;
    default:
	_pam_system_log(LOG_ERR, "undefined fn choice; %d", choice);
	return PAM_ABORT;
    }

    if (h == NULL) {     /* there was no handlers.conf... entry; will use
			  * handlers.other... */
	switch (choice) {
	case PAM_AUTHENTICATE:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.authenticate;
	    break;
	case PAM_SETCRED:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.setcred;
	    break;
	case PAM_ACCOUNT:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.acct_mgmt;
	    break;
	case PAM_OPEN_SESSION:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.open_session;
	    break;
	case PAM_CLOSE_SESSION:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.close_session;
	    break;
	case PAM_CHAUTHTOK:
	    h = pamh->handlers.other.chauthtok;
	    break;
	}
    }

    /* Did a module return an "incomplete state" last time? */
    if (pamh->former.choice != PAM_NOT_STACKED) {
	if (pamh->former.choice != choice) {
	    _pam_system_log(LOG_ERR,
			    "application failed to re-exec stack [%d:%d]",
			    pamh->former.choice, choice);
	    return PAM_ABORT;
	}
	resumed = PAM_TRUE;
    } else {
	resumed = PAM_FALSE;
    }

    __PAM_TO_MODULE(pamh);

    /* call the list of module functions */
    retval = _pam_dispatch_aux(pamh, flags, h, resumed, use_cached_chain);
    resumed = PAM_FALSE;

    __PAM_TO_APP(pamh);

    /* Should we recall where to resume next time? */
    if (retval == PAM_INCOMPLETE) {
	D(("module [%d] returned PAM_INCOMPLETE"));
	pamh->former.choice = choice;
    } else {
	pamh->former.choice = PAM_NOT_STACKED;
    }

    return retval;
}