notes-xntp-v3   [plain text]

Notes for NTP Version 3

This version operates in much the same manner as Version 2 with the
following changes and additions:

1.   The protocol machinery operates in conformance with the RFC1305 NTP
     Version 3 specification. The most visible characteristic of this
     version is that the poll intervals for all polls, even selected
     ones, is significantly increased. This is especially desirable when
     serving a large client population. This implementation supports
     previous versions as non-configured peers; for version-2 configured
     peers a "version 2" keyword should be included on the "peer" line.

2.   The configuration file has a new keyword: statfile <file>, where
     <file> is the name of a statistics file." When present, each clock
     update generates an entry of the form:

     <day> <sec>.<frac> <addr> <status> <offset> <delay> <disp>

     where <day> is the modified Julian day, <sec>.<frac> is the time of
     day, <addr> is the peer address and <status> is the peer status.
     The <offset>, <delay> and <disp> are the measured offset, delay and
     dispersion, respectively, of the peer clock relative to the local
     clock. About once per day the current file is closed and a new one
     created with names <file>.<gen>, where <gen> starts at one and
     increments for each new generation.

3.   A number of additional platforms are supported. See ./Config file
     for details.

4.   A driver for the TrueTime 468DC GOES Synchronized Clock is
     included. This driver (refclock_goes.c) should also work for other
     TrueTime radio clocks, since all use the same format.

5.   A replacement driver for the Spectracom 8170 WWVB Synchronized
     Clock is included. This driver (refclock_wwvb.c) (a) does not
     require a 1-pulse-per-second signal, (b) supports both format 0
     (original 8170) and format 2 (Netclock/2 and upgraded 8170), (c)
     can be connected to more than one computer and (d) automatically
     compensates for all serial baud rates.

6.   A driver for the German time/frequency station DCF77 is included.
     This requires a special STREAMS module.

7.   In Version 2 special line-discipline modules were required for the
     CHU and WWVB drivers. This code continues to work in Version 3,
     although it is no longer needed for the WWVB driver. However, this
     code does not work under STREAMS, as used in SunOS 4.1.1.
     Equivalent STREAMS modules are supplied with Version 3.

8.   Support for an external 1-pulse-per-second (pps) signal is
     provided. The signal is connected to a serial port (see
     xntpd/ntp_loopfilter.c for details). When present the leading edge
     of the pulse establishes the on-time epoch within an interval
     established by the selected radio clock or other NTP time server.
     Use of the pps is indicated when the tattletale displayed by ntpq
     changes from "*" to "o".

9.   The clock-selection and poll-update procedures have been modified
     slightly in order to achieve better performance on high speed LANs
     with compromise in performance on typical WANs.

10.  In order to comply with U.S. Commerce Department regulations, the DES
     encryption routine lib/authdes.c cannot be exported. For exportable
     versions of this distribution a DES-encrypted version of this routine
     lib/authdes.c.des is included along with an unencrypted version
     lib/authdes.c.export, which allows normal operation, but without the
     NTP authentication feature. Further information is available in the
     lib/authdes.c.export file.

11.  As an alternative to the DES-based authentication mechanism, an
     implementation of the RSA Message Digest 5 algorithm is provided.
     (see applicable copyright information in the library files).

12.  A driver for the Magnavox MX4200 GPS clock.

13.  A STREAMS module which captures carrier-detect data-lead transitions to
     connect a precision source of 1-pps, yet avoid the ugly overhead in the
     usual STREAMS processing. See the ppsclock subdirectory.

14.  Support for the Apple A/UX operating system and enhanced support for the
     Hewlet-Packard HP/UX operating system. See the various README and Config
     files for further information. 

See the COPYRIGHT file for authors and copyright information. Note that some
modules in this distribution contain copyright information that supersedes
the copyright information in that file.

If I missed something or neglected to give due credit, please advise.

David L. Mills
University of Delaware
31 May 1992, amended 23 July 1992, 25 October 1992

Bugs and notes

A bug in the original tty_clk_STREAMS.c module has been fixed.

The poll-interval randomization feature of poll_update (in
xntpd/ntp_proto.c) has been extended to apply when the poll interval is
increased, as well as reduced. This spreads the update messages in time
and helps avoid unpleasant bursts of messages.

In the clock_select algorithm the peers selected for combining are
limited to those survivors at the lowest stratum, not the entire list.
This helps avoid whiplash when large numbers of peers are at the same

The number formerly displayed by ntpq as "compliance" is now the time
constant of integration.

The DNS resolver xntpd/ntp_intres.c is now integrated into xntpd, making
configuration of multiple hosts easier.

System and peer event are now written to the system log at priority

The leap-second code was fixed to avoid broadcasting leap warnings on
all except the last day of June and December.