.\" $KAME: traceroute6.8,v 1.10 2004/06/06 12:35:15 suz Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 WIDE Project. .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.sbin/traceroute6/traceroute6.8,v 1.17 2008/02/10 21:06:38 dwmalone Exp $ .\" .Dd May 17, 1998 .Dt TRACEROUTE6 8 .Os .\" .Sh NAME .Nm traceroute6 .Nd "print the route IPv6 packets will take to a network node" .\" .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Bk -words .Op Fl dIlnNrvU .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl f Ar firsthop .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl g Ar gateway .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl m Ar hoplimit .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl p Ar port .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl q Ar probes .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl s Ar src .Ek .Bk -words .Op Fl w Ar waittime .Ek .Bk -words .Ar target .Op Ar datalen .Ek .\" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility uses the IPv6 protocol hop limit field to elicit an ICMPv6 TIME_EXCEEDED response from each gateway along the path to some host. .Pp The only mandatory parameter is the destination host name or IPv6 address. The default probe datagram carries 12 bytes of payload, in addition to the IPv6 header. The size of the payload can be specified by giving a length (in bytes) after the destination host name. .Pp Other options are: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl d Debug mode. .It Fl f Ar firsthop Specify how many hops to skip in trace. .It Fl g Ar gateway Specify intermediate gateway .Nm ( uses routing header). .It Fl I Use ICMP6 ECHO instead of UDP datagrams. .It Fl l Print both host hostnames and numeric addresses. Normally .Nm prints only hostnames if .Fl n is not specified, and only numeric addresses if .Fl n is specified. .It Fl m Ar hoplimit Specify maximum hoplimit, up to 255. The default is 30 hops. .It Fl n Do not resolve numeric address to hostname. .It Fl N Use a packet with no upper layer header for the probes, instead of UDP datagrams. .It Fl p Ar port Set UDP port number to .Ar port . .It Fl q Ar probes Set the number of probe per hop count to .Ar probes . .It Fl r Bypass the normal routing tables and send directly to a host on an attached network. If the host is not on a directly-connected network, an error is returned. This option corresponds to the .Dv SO_DONTROUTE socket option; it can be used to ping a local host through an interface that has no route through it (e.g., after the interface was dropped by a routing daemon). .It Fl s Ar src .Ar Src specifies the source IPv6 address to be used. .It Fl U Use UDP datagrams for the probes. This is the default. .It Fl v Be verbose. .It Fl w Ar waittime Specify the delay time between probes. .El .Pp This program prints the route to the given destination and the round-trip time to each gateway, in the same manner as traceroute. .Pp Here is a list of possible annotations after the round-trip time for each gateway: .Bl -hang -offset indent .It !N Destination Unreachable - No Route to Host. .It !P Destination Unreachable - Administratively Prohibited. .It !S Destination Unreachable - Not a Neighbour. .It !A Destination Unreachable - Address Unreachable. .It !\& This is printed if the hop limit is <= 1 on a port unreachable message. This means that the packet got to the destination, but that the reply had a hop limit that was just large enough to allow it to get back to the source of the traceroute6. This was more interesting in the IPv4 case, where some IP stack bugs could be identified by this behaviour. .El .\" .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Nm utility will exit with 0 on success, and non-zero on errors. .\" .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr ping 8 , .Xr ping6 8 , .Xr traceroute 8 .\" .Sh HISTORY The .Nm utility first appeared in WIDE hydrangea IPv6 protocol stack kit.