comsat.c   [plain text]


/*	$NetBSD: comsat.c,v 1.14 1998/07/06 06:47:38 mrg Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1980, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#ifndef lint
__COPYRIGHT("@(#) Copyright (c) 1980, 1993\n\
	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.\n");
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "from: @(#)comsat.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: comsat.c,v 1.14 1998/07/06 06:47:38 mrg Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <paths.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <vis.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <utmpx.h>

int	logging;
int	debug = 0;
#define	dsyslog	if (debug) syslog

#define MAXIDLE	120

char	hostname[MAXHOSTNAMELEN+1];
struct	utmpx *utmpx = NULL;
time_t	lastmsgtime;
int	nutmpx, uf;

void jkfprintf __P((FILE *, char[], off_t));
void mailfor __P((char *));
void notify __P((struct utmpx *, off_t));
void onalrm __P((int));
void reapchildren __P((int));
int main __P((int, char *[]));

int
main(argc, argv)
	int argc;
	char *argv[];
{
	struct sockaddr_in from;
	int cc, ch;
	socklen_t fromlen;
	char msgbuf[100];
	sigset_t sigset;
	extern char *__progname;

	/* verify proper invocation */
	fromlen = sizeof(from);
	if (getsockname(0, (struct sockaddr *)&from, &fromlen) < 0) {
		(void)fprintf(stderr,
		    "comsat: getsockname: %s.\n", strerror(errno));
		exit(1);
	}

	openlog("comsat", LOG_PID, LOG_DAEMON);
	while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "l")) != -1)
		switch (ch) {
		case 'l':
			logging = 1;
			break;
		default:
			syslog(LOG_ERR, "usage: %s [-l]", __progname);
			exit(1);
		}
	if (chdir(_PATH_MAILDIR)) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "chdir: %s: %m", _PATH_MAILDIR);
		(void)recv(0, msgbuf, sizeof(msgbuf) - 1, 0);
		exit(1);
	}
	if ((uf = open(_PATH_UTMPX, O_RDONLY, 0)) < 0) {
		syslog(LOG_ERR, "open: %s: %m", _PATH_UTMPX);
		(void)recv(0, msgbuf, sizeof(msgbuf) - 1, 0);
		exit(1);
	}
	(void)time(&lastmsgtime);
	(void)gethostname(hostname, sizeof(hostname));
	hostname[sizeof(hostname) - 1] = '\0';
	onalrm(0);
	(void)signal(SIGALRM, onalrm);
	(void)signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
	(void)signal(SIGCHLD, reapchildren);
	for (;;) {
		cc = recv(0, msgbuf, sizeof(msgbuf) - 1, 0);
		if (cc <= 0) {
			if (errno != EINTR)
				sleep(1);
			errno = 0;
			continue;
		}
		if (!nutmpx)		/* no one has logged in yet */
			continue;
		sigemptyset(&sigset);
		sigaddset(&sigset, SIGALRM);
		sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &sigset, NULL);
		msgbuf[cc] = '\0';
		(void)time(&lastmsgtime);
		mailfor(msgbuf);
		sigemptyset(&sigset);
		sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &sigset, NULL);
	}
}

void
reapchildren(signo)
	int signo;
{

	while (wait3(NULL, WNOHANG, NULL) > 0);
}

void
onalrm(signo)
	int signo;
{
	static u_int utmpxsize;		/* last malloced size for utmpx */
	static time_t utmpxmtime;	/* last modification time for utmpx */
	struct stat statbf;

	if (time(NULL) - lastmsgtime >= MAXIDLE)
		exit(0);
	(void)alarm((u_int)15);
	(void)fstat(uf, &statbf);
	if (statbf.st_mtime > utmpxmtime) {
		utmpxmtime = statbf.st_mtime;
		if (statbf.st_size > utmpxsize) {
			utmpxsize = statbf.st_size + 10 * sizeof(struct utmpx);
			if ((utmpx = realloc(utmpx, utmpxsize)) == NULL) {
				syslog(LOG_ERR, "%s", strerror(errno));
				exit(1);
			}
		}
		/* the first record is just a signature, so it is skipped */
		(void)lseek(uf, (off_t)sizeof(struct utmpx), SEEK_SET);
		nutmpx = read(uf, utmpx, statbf.st_size - sizeof(struct utmpx))/sizeof(struct utmpx);
	}
}

void
mailfor(name)
	char *name;
{
	struct utmpx *utp = &utmpx[nutmpx];
	char *cp;
	off_t offset;

	if (!(cp = strchr(name, '@')))
		return;
	*cp = '\0';
	offset = atoi(cp + 1);
	while (--utp >= utmpx)
		if (utp->ut_type == USER_PROCESS && !strncmp(utp->ut_user, name, sizeof(utp->ut_user)))
			notify(utp, offset);
}

static char *cr;

void
notify(utp, offset)
	struct utmpx *utp;
	off_t offset;
{
	FILE *tp;
	struct passwd *p;
	struct stat stb;
	struct termios ttybuf;
	char tty[40], name[sizeof(utp->ut_user) + 1];

	(void)snprintf(tty, sizeof(tty), "%s%.*s",
	    _PATH_DEV, (int)sizeof(utp->ut_line), utp->ut_line);
	if (strchr(tty + sizeof(_PATH_DEV) - 1, '/')) {
		/* A slash is an attempt to break security... */
		/*
		 * XXX but what about something like "/dev/pts/5"
		 * that we may one day "support". ?
		 */
		syslog(LOG_AUTH | LOG_NOTICE, "'/' in \"%s\"", tty);
		return;
	}
	if (stat(tty, &stb) || !(stb.st_mode & S_IEXEC)) {
		dsyslog(LOG_DEBUG, "%s: wrong mode on %s", utp->ut_user, tty);
		return;
	}
	dsyslog(LOG_DEBUG, "notify %s on %s\n", utp->ut_user, tty);
	if (fork())
		return;
	(void)signal(SIGALRM, SIG_DFL);
	(void)alarm((u_int)30);
	if ((tp = fopen(tty, "w")) == NULL) {
		dsyslog(LOG_ERR, "%s: %s", tty, strerror(errno));
		_exit(-1);
	}
	(void)tcgetattr(fileno(tp), &ttybuf);
	cr = (ttybuf.c_oflag & ONLCR) && (ttybuf.c_oflag & OPOST) ?
	    "\n" : "\n\r";
	(void)strncpy(name, utp->ut_user, sizeof(utp->ut_user));
	name[sizeof(name) - 1] = '\0';

	/* Set uid/gid/groups to users in case mail drop is on nfs */
	if ((p = getpwnam(name)) == NULL ||
	    initgroups(p->pw_name, p->pw_gid) < 0 ||
	    setgid(p->pw_gid) < 0 ||
	    setuid(p->pw_uid) < 0)
		_exit(-1);

	if (logging)
		syslog(LOG_INFO, "biff message for %s", name);

	(void)fprintf(tp, "%s\007New mail for %s@%.*s\007 has arrived:%s----%s",
	    cr, name, (int)sizeof(hostname), hostname, cr, cr);
	jkfprintf(tp, name, offset);
	(void)fclose(tp);
	_exit(0);
}

void
jkfprintf(tp, name, offset)
	FILE *tp;
	char name[];
	off_t offset;
{
	FILE *fi;
	int linecnt, charcnt, inheader;
	char line[BUFSIZ], visline[BUFSIZ*4];

	if ((fi = fopen(name, "r")) == NULL)
		return;

	(void)fseek(fi, offset, SEEK_SET);
	/*
	 * Print the first 7 lines or 560 characters of the new mail
	 * (whichever comes first).  Skip header crap other than
	 * From, Subject, To, and Date.
	 */
	linecnt = 7;
	charcnt = 560;
	inheader = 1;
	while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), fi) != NULL) {
		if (inheader) {
			if (line[0] == '\n') {
				inheader = 0;
				continue;
			}
			if (line[0] == ' ' || line[0] == '\t' ||
			    (strncasecmp(line, "From:", 5) &&
			    strncasecmp(line, "Subject:", 8)))
				continue;
		}
		if (linecnt <= 0 || charcnt <= 0) {
			(void)fprintf(tp, "...more...%s", cr);
			(void)fclose(fi);
			return;
		}
		/* strip weird stuff so can't trojan horse stupid terminals */
		(void)strvis(visline, line, VIS_CSTYLE);
		fputs(visline, tp);
		--linecnt;
	}
	(void)fprintf(tp, "----%s\n", cr);
	(void)fclose(fi);
}