.\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)mail9.nr 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/8/93 .\" .bp .sh 1 "Summary of commands, options, and escapes" .pp This section gives a quick summary of the .i Mail commands, binary and valued options, and tilde escapes. .pp The following table describes the commands: .TS center ; c ci lb l. Command Description _ + Same as \fBnext\fP - Back up to previous message ? Print brief summary of \fIMail\fP commands ! Single command escape to shell Print Type message with ignored fields Reply Reply to author of message only Respond Same as \fBReply\fP Type Type message with ignored fields alias Define an alias as a set of user names alternates List other names you are known by chdir Change working directory, home by default copy Copy a message to a file or folder delete Delete a list of messages dp Same as \fBdt\fP dt Delete current message, type next message edit Edit a list of messages else Start of else part of conditional; see \fBif\fP endif End of conditional statement; see \fBif\fP exit Leave mail without changing anything file Interrogate/change current mail file folder Same as \fBfile\fP folders List the folders in your folder directory from List headers of a list of messages headers List current window of messages help Same as \fB?\fP hold Same as \fBpreserve\fP if Conditional execution of \fIMail\fP commands ignore Set/examine list of ignored header fields list List valid \fIMail\fP commands local List other names for the local host mail Send mail to specified names mbox Arrange to save a list of messages in \fImbox\fP next Go to next message and type it preserve Arrange to leave list of messages in system mailbox print Print messages quit Leave \fIMail\fP; update system mailbox, \fImbox\fP as appropriate reply Compose a reply to a message respond Same as \fBreply\fP retain Supersedes \fBignore\fP save Append messages, headers included, on a file set Set binary or valued options shell Invoke an interactive shell size Prints out size of message list source Read \fImail\fP commands from a file top Print first so many (5 by default) lines of list of messages type Same as \fBprint\fP undelete Undelete list of messages unread Marks list of messages as not been read unset Undo the operation of a \fBset\fP visual Invoke visual editor on a list of messages write Append messages to a file, don't include headers xit Same as \fBexit\fP z Scroll to next/previous screenful of headers .TE .bp .(b .pp The following table describes the options. Each option is shown as being either a binary or valued option. .TS center; c ci ci l ci l. Option Type Description _ EDITOR valued Pathname of editor for ~e and \fBedit\fP PAGER valued Pathname of paginator for \fBPrint\fP, \fBprint\fP, \fBType\fP and \fBtype\fP SHELL valued Pathname of shell for \fBshell\fP, ~! and \fB!\fP VISUAL valued Pathname of screen editor for ~v, \fBvisual\fP append binary Always append messages to end of \fImbox\fP ask binary Prompt user for Subject: field when sending askcc binary Prompt user for additional Cc's at end of message autoprint binary Print next message after \fBdelete\fP crt valued Minimum number of lines before using \fBPAGER\fP debug binary Print out debugging information dot binary Accept . alone on line to terminate message input escape valued Escape character to be used instead of\ \ ~ folder valued Directory to store folders in hold binary Hold messages in system mailbox by default ignore binary Ignore \s-2RUBOUT\s0 while sending mail ignoreeof binary Don't terminate letters/command input with \fB\(uaD\fP keep binary Don't unlink system mailbox when empty keepsave binary Don't delete \fBsave\fPd messages by default metoo binary Include sending user in aliases noheader binary Suppress initial printing of version and headers nosave binary Don't save partial letter in \fIdead.letter\fP quiet binary Suppress printing of \fIMail\fP version and message numbers record valued File to save all outgoing mail in screen valued Size of window of message headers for \fBz\fP, etc. sendmail valued Choose alternate mail delivery system toplines valued Number of lines to print in \fBtop\fP verbose binary Invoke sendmail with the \fB\-v\fP flag .TE .)b .(b .pp The following table summarizes the tilde escapes available while sending mail. .TS center; c ci ci l li l. Escape Arguments Description _ ~! command Execute shell command ~b name ... Add names to "blind" Cc: list ~c name ... Add names to Cc: field ~d Read \fIdead.letter\fP into message ~e Invoke text editor on partial message ~f messages Read named messages ~h Edit the header fields ~m messages Read named messages, right shift by tab ~p Print message entered so far ~q Abort entry of letter; like \s-2RUBOUT\s0 ~r filename Read file into message ~s string Set Subject: field to \fIstring\fP ~t name ... Add names to To: field ~v Invoke screen editor on message ~w filename Write message on file ~| command Pipe message through \fIcommand\fP ~: Mail command Execute a \fIMail\fP command ~~ string Quote a ~ in front of \fIstring\fP .TE .)b .(b .pp The following table shows the command line flags that .i Mail accepts: .TS center; c c l a. Flag Description _ \-N Suppress the initial printing of headers \-T \fIfile\fP Article-id's of read/deleted messages to \fIfile\fP \-d Turn on debugging \-f \fIfile\fP Show messages in \fIfile\fP or \fI~/mbox\fP \-h \fInumber\fP Pass on hop count for mail forwarding \-i Ignore tty interrupt signals \-n Inhibit reading of /etc/mail.rc \-r \fIname\fP Pass on \fIname\fP for mail forwarding \-s \fIstring\fP Use \fIstring\fP as subject in outgoing mail \-u \fIname\fP Read \fIname's\fP mail instead of your own \-v Invoke sendmail with the \fB\-v\fP flag .TE .)b .lp Notes: .b \-T , .b \-d , .b \-h , and .b \-r are not for human use.