uds_daemon.c   [plain text]


/* -*- Mode: C; tab-width: 4 -*-
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2006 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#if defined(_WIN32)
#include <process.h>
#define usleep(X) Sleep(((X)+999)/1000)
#else
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "mDNSEmbeddedAPI.h"
#include "DNSCommon.h"
#include "uDNS.h"
#include "uds_daemon.h"

// Normally we append search domains only for queries with a single label that are not
// fully qualified. This can be overridden to apply search domains for queries (that are
// not fully qualified) with any number of labels e.g., moon, moon.cs, moon.cs.be, etc.
mDNSBool AlwaysAppendSearchDomains = mDNSfalse;

// Apple-specific functionality, not required for other platforms
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
#include <sys/ucred.h>
#ifndef PID_FILE
#define PID_FILE ""
#endif
#endif

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
#include <WebFilterDNS/WebFilterDNS.h>

#if ! NO_WCF

int WCFIsServerRunning(WCFConnection *conn) __attribute__((weak_import));
int WCFNameResolvesToAddr(WCFConnection *conn, char* domainName, struct sockaddr* address, uid_t userid) __attribute__((weak_import));
int WCFNameResolvesToName(WCFConnection *conn, char* fromName, char* toName, uid_t userid) __attribute__((weak_import));

// Do we really need to define a macro for "if"?
#define CHECK_WCF_FUNCTION(X) if (X)
#endif // ! NO_WCF

#else
#define NO_WCF 1
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

// User IDs 0-500 are system-wide processes, not actual users in the usual sense
// User IDs for real user accounts start at 501 and count up from there
#define SystemUID(X) ((X) <= 500)

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - Types and Data Structures
#endif

typedef enum
	{
	t_uninitialized,
	t_morecoming,
	t_complete,
	t_error,
	t_terminated
	} transfer_state;

typedef struct request_state request_state;

typedef void (*req_termination_fn)(request_state *request);

typedef struct registered_record_entry
	{
	struct registered_record_entry *next;
	mDNSu32 key;
	client_context_t regrec_client_context;
	request_state *request;
	mDNSBool external_advertise;
	mDNSInterfaceID origInterfaceID;
	AuthRecord *rr;				// Pointer to variable-sized AuthRecord (Why a pointer? Why not just embed it here?)
	} registered_record_entry;

// A single registered service: ServiceRecordSet + bookkeeping
// Note that we duplicate some fields from parent service_info object
// to facilitate cleanup, when instances and parent may be deallocated at different times.
typedef struct service_instance
	{
	struct service_instance *next;
	request_state *request;
	AuthRecord *subtypes;
	mDNSBool renameonmemfree;  		// Set on config change when we deregister original name
    mDNSBool clientnotified;		// Has client been notified of successful registration yet?
	mDNSBool default_local;			// is this the "local." from an empty-string registration?
	mDNSBool external_advertise;	// is this is being advertised externally?
	domainname domain;
	ServiceRecordSet srs;			// note -- variable-sized object -- must be last field in struct
	} service_instance;

// for multi-domain default browsing
typedef struct browser_t
	{
	struct browser_t *next;
	domainname domain;
	DNSQuestion q;
	} browser_t;

struct request_state
	{
	request_state *next;
	request_state *primary;			// If this operation is on a shared socket, pointer to primary
									// request_state for the original DNSServiceCreateConnection() operation
	dnssd_sock_t sd;
	dnssd_sock_t errsd;
	mDNSu32 uid;
	void * platform_data;

	// Note: On a shared connection these fields in the primary structure, including hdr, are re-used
	// for each new request. This is because, until we've read the ipc_msg_hdr to find out what the
	// operation is, we don't know if we're going to need to allocate a new request_state or not.
	transfer_state ts;
	mDNSu32        hdr_bytes;		// bytes of header already read
	ipc_msg_hdr    hdr;
	mDNSu32        data_bytes;		// bytes of message data already read
	char          *msgbuf;			// pointer to data storage to pass to free()
	const char    *msgptr;			// pointer to data to be read from (may be modified)
	char          *msgend;			// pointer to byte after last byte of message

	// reply, termination, error, and client context info
	int no_reply;					// don't send asynchronous replies to client
	mDNSs32 time_blocked;			// record time of a blocked client
	int unresponsiveness_reports;
	struct reply_state *replies;	// corresponding (active) reply list
	req_termination_fn terminate;
	DNSServiceFlags		flags;	

	union
		{
		registered_record_entry *reg_recs;  // list of registrations for a connection-oriented request
		struct
			{
			mDNSInterfaceID interface_id;
			mDNSBool default_domain;
			mDNSBool ForceMCast;
			domainname regtype;
			browser_t *browsers;
			} browser;
		struct
			{
			mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID;
			mDNSu16 txtlen;
			void *txtdata;
			mDNSIPPort port;
			domainlabel name;
			char type_as_string[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
			domainname type;
			mDNSBool default_domain;
			domainname host;
			mDNSBool autoname;				// Set if this name is tied to the Computer Name
			mDNSBool autorename;			// Set if this client wants us to automatically rename on conflict
			mDNSBool allowremotequery;		// Respond to unicast queries from outside the local link?
			int num_subtypes;
			service_instance *instances;
			} servicereg;
		struct
			{
			mDNSInterfaceID      interface_id;
			mDNSu32              flags;
			mDNSu32              protocol;
			DNSQuestion          q4;
			DNSQuestion          *q42;
			DNSQuestion          q6;
			DNSQuestion          *q62;
			} addrinfo;
		struct
			{
			mDNSIPPort           ReqExt;	// External port we originally requested, for logging purposes
			NATTraversalInfo     NATinfo;
			} pm;
		struct
			{
#if 0
			DNSServiceFlags flags;
#endif
			DNSQuestion q_all;
			DNSQuestion q_default;
			} enumeration;
		struct
			{
			DNSQuestion q;
			DNSQuestion *q2;
			} queryrecord;
		struct
			{
			DNSQuestion qtxt;
			DNSQuestion qsrv;
			const ResourceRecord *txt;
			const ResourceRecord *srv;
			mDNSs32 ReportTime;
			mDNSBool external_advertise;
			} resolve;
		} u;
	};

// struct physically sits between ipc message header and call-specific fields in the message buffer
typedef struct
	{
	DNSServiceFlags flags;			// Note: This field is in NETWORK byte order
	mDNSu32 ifi;					// Note: This field is in NETWORK byte order
	DNSServiceErrorType error;		// Note: This field is in NETWORK byte order
	} reply_hdr;

typedef struct reply_state
	{
	struct reply_state *next;		// If there are multiple unsent replies
	mDNSu32 totallen;
	mDNSu32 nwriten;
	ipc_msg_hdr mhdr[1];
	reply_hdr rhdr[1];
	} reply_state;

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - Globals
#endif

// globals
mDNSexport mDNS mDNSStorage;
mDNSexport const char ProgramName[] = "mDNSResponder";

static dnssd_sock_t listenfd = dnssd_InvalidSocket;
static request_state *all_requests = NULL;

// Note asymmetry here between registration and browsing.
// For service registrations we only automatically register in domains that explicitly appear in local configuration data
// (so AutoRegistrationDomains could equally well be called SCPrefRegDomains)
// For service browsing we also learn automatic browsing domains from the network, so for that case we have:
// 1. SCPrefBrowseDomains (local configuration data)
// 2. LocalDomainEnumRecords (locally-generated local-only PTR records -- equivalent to slElem->AuthRecs in uDNS.c)
// 3. AutoBrowseDomains, which is populated by tracking add/rmv events in AutomaticBrowseDomainChange, the callback function for our mDNS_GetDomains call.
// By creating and removing our own LocalDomainEnumRecords, we trigger AutomaticBrowseDomainChange callbacks just like domains learned from the network would.

mDNSexport DNameListElem *AutoRegistrationDomains;	// Domains where we automatically register for empty-string registrations

static DNameListElem *SCPrefBrowseDomains;			// List of automatic browsing domains read from SCPreferences for "empty string" browsing
static ARListElem    *LocalDomainEnumRecords;		// List of locally-generated PTR records to augment those we learn from the network
mDNSexport DNameListElem *AutoBrowseDomains;		// List created from those local-only PTR records plus records we get from the network

#define MSG_PAD_BYTES 5		// pad message buffer (read from client) with n zero'd bytes to guarantee
							// n get_string() calls w/o buffer overrun
// initialization, setup/teardown functions

// If a platform specifies its own PID file name, we use that
#ifndef PID_FILE
#define PID_FILE "/var/run/mDNSResponder.pid"
#endif

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - General Utility Functions
#endif

mDNSlocal void FatalError(char *errmsg)
	{
	LogMsg("%s: %s", errmsg, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
	*(long*)0 = 0;	// On OS X abort() doesn't generate a crash log, but writing to zero does
	abort();		// On platforms where writing to zero doesn't generate an exception, abort instead
	}

mDNSlocal mDNSu32 dnssd_htonl(mDNSu32 l)
	{
	mDNSu32 ret;
	char *data = (char*) &ret;
	put_uint32(l, &data);
	return ret;
	}

// hack to search-replace perror's to LogMsg's
mDNSlocal void my_perror(char *errmsg)
	{
	LogMsg("%s: %d (%s)", errmsg, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
	}

mDNSlocal void abort_request(request_state *req)
	{
	if (req->terminate == (req_termination_fn)~0)
		{ LogMsg("abort_request: ERROR: Attempt to abort operation %p with req->terminate %p", req, req->terminate); return; }
	
	// First stop whatever mDNSCore operation we were doing
	// If this is actually a shared connection operation, then its req->terminate function will scan
	// the all_requests list and terminate any subbordinate operations sharing this file descriptor
	if (req->terminate) req->terminate(req);

	if (!dnssd_SocketValid(req->sd))
		{ LogMsg("abort_request: ERROR: Attempt to abort operation %p with invalid fd %d",     req, req->sd);        return; }
	
	// Now, if this request_state is not subordinate to some other primary, close file descriptor and discard replies
	if (!req->primary)
		{
		if (req->errsd != req->sd) LogOperation("%3d: Removing FD and closing errsd %d", req->sd, req->errsd);
		else                       LogOperation("%3d: Removing FD", req->sd);
		udsSupportRemoveFDFromEventLoop(req->sd, req->platform_data);		// Note: This also closes file descriptor req->sd for us
		if (req->errsd != req->sd) { dnssd_close(req->errsd); req->errsd = req->sd; }

		while (req->replies)	// free pending replies
			{
			reply_state *ptr = req->replies;
			req->replies = req->replies->next;
			freeL("reply_state (abort)", ptr);
			}
		}

	// Set req->sd to something invalid, so that udsserver_idle knows to unlink and free this structure
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder && MACOSX_MDNS_MALLOC_DEBUGGING
	// Don't use dnssd_InvalidSocket (-1) because that's the sentinel value MACOSX_MDNS_MALLOC_DEBUGGING uses
	// for detecting when the memory for an object is inadvertently freed while the object is still on some list
	req->sd = req->errsd = -2;
#else
	req->sd = req->errsd = dnssd_InvalidSocket;
#endif
	// We also set req->terminate to a bogus value so we know if abort_request() gets called again for this request
	req->terminate = (req_termination_fn)~0;
	}

mDNSlocal void AbortUnlinkAndFree(request_state *req)
	{
	request_state **p = &all_requests;
	abort_request(req);
	while (*p && *p != req) p=&(*p)->next;
	if (*p) { *p = req->next; freeL("request_state/AbortUnlinkAndFree", req); }
	else LogMsg("AbortUnlinkAndFree: ERROR: Attempt to abort operation %p not in list", req);
	}

mDNSlocal reply_state *create_reply(const reply_op_t op, const size_t datalen, request_state *const request)
	{
	reply_state *reply;

	if ((unsigned)datalen < sizeof(reply_hdr))
		{
		LogMsg("ERROR: create_reply - data length less than length of required fields");
		return NULL;
		}

	reply = mallocL("reply_state", sizeof(reply_state) + datalen - sizeof(reply_hdr));
	if (!reply) FatalError("ERROR: malloc");
	
	reply->next     = mDNSNULL;
	reply->totallen = (mDNSu32)datalen + sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr);
	reply->nwriten  = 0;

	reply->mhdr->version        = VERSION;
	reply->mhdr->datalen        = (mDNSu32)datalen;
	reply->mhdr->ipc_flags      = 0;
	reply->mhdr->op             = op;
	reply->mhdr->client_context = request->hdr.client_context;
	reply->mhdr->reg_index      = 0;

	return reply;
	}

// Append a reply to the list in a request object
// If our request is sharing a connection, then we append our reply_state onto the primary's list
mDNSlocal void append_reply(request_state *req, reply_state *rep)
	{
	request_state *r = req->primary ? req->primary : req;
	reply_state **ptr = &r->replies;
	while (*ptr) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
	*ptr = rep;
	rep->next = NULL;
	}

// Generates a response message giving name, type, domain, plus interface index,
// suitable for a browse result or service registration result.
// On successful completion rep is set to point to a malloc'd reply_state struct
mDNSlocal mStatus GenerateNTDResponse(const domainname *const servicename, const mDNSInterfaceID id,
	request_state *const request, reply_state **const rep, reply_op_t op, DNSServiceFlags flags, mStatus err)
	{
	domainlabel name;
	domainname type, dom;
	*rep = NULL;
	if (!DeconstructServiceName(servicename, &name, &type, &dom))
		return kDNSServiceErr_Invalid;
	else
		{
		char namestr[MAX_DOMAIN_LABEL+1];
		char typestr[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
		char domstr [MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
		int len;
		char *data;

		ConvertDomainLabelToCString_unescaped(&name, namestr);
		ConvertDomainNameToCString(&type, typestr);
		ConvertDomainNameToCString(&dom, domstr);

		// Calculate reply data length
		len = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
		len += sizeof(mDNSu32);  // if index
		len += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
		len += (int) (strlen(namestr) + 1);
		len += (int) (strlen(typestr) + 1);
		len += (int) (strlen(domstr) + 1);

		// Build reply header
		*rep = create_reply(op, len, request);
		(*rep)->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(flags);
		(*rep)->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(&mDNSStorage, id, mDNSfalse));
		(*rep)->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(err);

		// Build reply body
		data = (char *)&(*rep)->rhdr[1];
		put_string(namestr, &data);
		put_string(typestr, &data);
		put_string(domstr, &data);

		return mStatus_NoError;
		}
	}

// Special support to enable the DNSServiceBrowse call made by Bonjour Browser
// Remove after Bonjour Browser is updated to use DNSServiceQueryRecord instead of DNSServiceBrowse
mDNSlocal void GenerateBonjourBrowserResponse(const domainname *const servicename, const mDNSInterfaceID id,
	request_state *const request, reply_state **const rep, reply_op_t op, DNSServiceFlags flags, mStatus err)
	{
	char namestr[MAX_DOMAIN_LABEL+1];
	char typestr[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	static const char domstr[] = ".";
	int len;
	char *data;

	*rep = NULL;

	// 1. Put first label in namestr
	ConvertDomainLabelToCString_unescaped((const domainlabel *)servicename, namestr);

	// 2. Put second label and "local" into typestr
	mDNS_snprintf(typestr, sizeof(typestr), "%#s.local.", SecondLabel(servicename));

	// Calculate reply data length
	len = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
	len += sizeof(mDNSu32);  // if index
	len += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
	len += (int) (strlen(namestr) + 1);
	len += (int) (strlen(typestr) + 1);
	len += (int) (strlen(domstr) + 1);

	// Build reply header
	*rep = create_reply(op, len, request);
	(*rep)->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(flags);
	(*rep)->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(&mDNSStorage, id, mDNSfalse));
	(*rep)->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(err);

	// Build reply body
	data = (char *)&(*rep)->rhdr[1];
	put_string(namestr, &data);
	put_string(typestr, &data);
	put_string(domstr, &data);
	}

// Returns a resource record (allocated w/ malloc) containing the data found in an IPC message
// Data must be in the following format: flags, interfaceIndex, name, rrtype, rrclass, rdlen, rdata, (optional) ttl
// (ttl only extracted/set if ttl argument is non-zero). Returns NULL for a bad-parameter error
mDNSlocal AuthRecord *read_rr_from_ipc_msg(request_state *request, int GetTTL, int validate_flags)
	{
	DNSServiceFlags flags  = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	char name[256];
	int         str_err = get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, name, sizeof(name));
	mDNSu16     type    = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu16     class   = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu16     rdlen   = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	const char *rdata   = get_rdata (&request->msgptr, request->msgend, rdlen);
	mDNSu32 ttl   = GetTTL ? get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend) : 0;
	int storage_size = rdlen > sizeof(RDataBody) ? rdlen : sizeof(RDataBody);
	AuthRecord *rr;
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID;
	AuthRecType artype;

	request->flags = flags;

	if (str_err) { LogMsg("ERROR: read_rr_from_ipc_msg - get_string"); return NULL; }

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("Error reading Resource Record from client"); return NULL; }

	if (validate_flags &&
		!((flags & kDNSServiceFlagsShared) == kDNSServiceFlagsShared) &&
		!((flags & kDNSServiceFlagsUnique) == kDNSServiceFlagsUnique))
		{
		LogMsg("ERROR: Bad resource record flags (must be kDNSServiceFlagsShared or kDNSServiceFlagsUnique)");
		return NULL;
		}

	rr = mallocL("AuthRecord/read_rr_from_ipc_msg", sizeof(AuthRecord) - sizeof(RDataBody) + storage_size);
	if (!rr) FatalError("ERROR: malloc");

	InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_LocalOnly)
		artype = AuthRecordLocalOnly;
	else if (InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P)
		artype = AuthRecordP2P;
	else if ((InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_Any) && (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P))
		artype = AuthRecordAnyIncludeP2P;
	else
		artype = AuthRecordAny;

	mDNS_SetupResourceRecord(rr, mDNSNULL, InterfaceID, type, 0,
		(mDNSu8) ((flags & kDNSServiceFlagsShared) ? kDNSRecordTypeShared : kDNSRecordTypeUnique), artype, mDNSNULL, mDNSNULL);

	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&rr->namestorage, name))
		{
		LogMsg("ERROR: bad name: %s", name);
		freeL("AuthRecord/read_rr_from_ipc_msg", rr);
		return NULL;
		}

	if (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsAllowRemoteQuery) rr->AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
	rr->resrec.rrclass = class;
	rr->resrec.rdlength = rdlen;
	rr->resrec.rdata->MaxRDLength = rdlen;
	mDNSPlatformMemCopy(rr->resrec.rdata->u.data, rdata, rdlen);
	if (GetTTL) rr->resrec.rroriginalttl = ttl;
	rr->resrec.namehash = DomainNameHashValue(rr->resrec.name);
	SetNewRData(&rr->resrec, mDNSNULL, 0);	// Sets rr->rdatahash for us
	return rr;
	}

mDNSlocal int build_domainname_from_strings(domainname *srv, char *name, char *regtype, char *domain)
	{
	domainlabel n;
	domainname d, t;

	if (!MakeDomainLabelFromLiteralString(&n, name)) return -1;
	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&t, regtype)) return -1;
	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&d, domain)) return -1;
	if (!ConstructServiceName(srv, &n, &t, &d)) return -1;
	return 0;
	}

mDNSlocal void send_all(dnssd_sock_t s, const char *ptr, int len)
	{
	int n = send(s, ptr, len, 0);
	// On a freshly-created Unix Domain Socket, the kernel should *never* fail to buffer a small write for us
	// (four bytes for a typical error code return, 12 bytes for DNSServiceGetProperty(DaemonVersion)).
	// If it does fail, we don't attempt to handle this failure, but we do log it so we know something is wrong.
	if (n < len)
		LogMsg("ERROR: send_all(%d) wrote %d of %d errno %d (%s)",
			s, n, len, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
	}

#if 0
mDNSlocal mDNSBool AuthorizedDomain(const request_state * const request, const domainname * const d, const DNameListElem * const doms)
{
	const 		DNameListElem 	*delem = mDNSNULL;
	int 		bestDelta 	= -1; 					// the delta of the best match, lower is better
	int 		dLabels 	= 0;
	mDNSBool	allow 		= mDNSfalse;
	
	if (SystemUID(request->uid)) return mDNStrue;
	
	dLabels = CountLabels(d);
	for (delem = doms; delem; delem = delem->next)
		{
		if (delem->uid)
			{
			int	delemLabels = CountLabels(&delem->name);
			int delta 		= dLabels - delemLabels;
			if ((bestDelta == -1 || delta <= bestDelta) && SameDomainName(&delem->name, SkipLeadingLabels(d, delta)))
				{
				bestDelta = delta;
				allow = (allow || (delem->uid == request->uid));
				}
			}
		}
	
	return bestDelta == -1 ? mDNStrue : allow;
}
#endif

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - external helpers
#endif

mDNSlocal void external_start_advertising_helper(service_instance *const instance)
	{
	AuthRecord *st = instance->subtypes;
	ExtraResourceRecord *e;
	int i;
	
	if (mDNSIPPortIsZero(instance->request->u.servicereg.port))
		{
		LogInfo("external_start_advertising_helper: Not registering service with port number zero");
		return;
		}

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	// Update packet filter if p2p interface already exists, otherwise,
	// if will be updated when we get the KEV_DL_IF_ATTACHED event for
	// the interface.  Called here since we don't call external_start_advertising_service()
	// with the SRV record when advertising a service.
	mDNSInitPacketFilter();
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	if (instance->external_advertise) LogMsg("external_start_advertising_helper: external_advertise already set!");
	
	for ( i = 0; i < instance->request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes; i++)
		external_start_advertising_service(&st[i].resrec);
	
	external_start_advertising_service(&instance->srs.RR_PTR.resrec);
	external_start_advertising_service(&instance->srs.RR_TXT.resrec);
	
	for (e = instance->srs.Extras; e; e = e->next)
		external_start_advertising_service(&e->r.resrec);
	
	instance->external_advertise = mDNStrue;
	}

mDNSlocal void external_stop_advertising_helper(service_instance *const instance)
	{
	AuthRecord *st = instance->subtypes;
	ExtraResourceRecord *e;
	int i;
	
	if (!instance->external_advertise) return;

	LogInfo("external_stop_advertising_helper: calling external_stop_advertising_service");
	
	for ( i = 0; i < instance->request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes; i++)
		external_stop_advertising_service(&st[i].resrec);
	
	external_stop_advertising_service(&instance->srs.RR_PTR.resrec);
	external_stop_advertising_service(&instance->srs.RR_TXT.resrec);
	
	for (e = instance->srs.Extras; e; e = e->next)
		external_stop_advertising_service(&e->r.resrec);
	
	instance->external_advertise = mDNSfalse;
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceRegister
#endif

mDNSexport void FreeExtraRR(mDNS *const m, AuthRecord *const rr, mStatus result)
	{
	ExtraResourceRecord *extra = (ExtraResourceRecord *)rr->RecordContext;
	(void)m;  // Unused

	if (result != mStatus_MemFree) { LogMsg("Error: FreeExtraRR invoked with unexpected error %d", result); return; }

	LogInfo("     FreeExtraRR %s", RRDisplayString(m, &rr->resrec));

	if (rr->resrec.rdata != &rr->rdatastorage)
		freeL("Extra RData", rr->resrec.rdata);
	freeL("ExtraResourceRecord/FreeExtraRR", extra);
	}

mDNSlocal void unlink_and_free_service_instance(service_instance *srv)
	{
	ExtraResourceRecord *e = srv->srs.Extras, *tmp;

	external_stop_advertising_helper(srv);

	// clear pointers from parent struct
	if (srv->request)
		{
		service_instance **p = &srv->request->u.servicereg.instances;
		while (*p)
			{
			if (*p == srv) { *p = (*p)->next; break; }
			p = &(*p)->next;
			}
		}

	while (e)
		{
		e->r.RecordContext = e;
		tmp = e;
		e = e->next;
		FreeExtraRR(&mDNSStorage, &tmp->r, mStatus_MemFree);
		}

	if (srv->srs.RR_TXT.resrec.rdata != &srv->srs.RR_TXT.rdatastorage)
		freeL("TXT RData", srv->srs.RR_TXT.resrec.rdata);

	if (srv->subtypes) { freeL("ServiceSubTypes", srv->subtypes); srv->subtypes = NULL; }
	freeL("service_instance", srv);
	}

// Count how many other service records we have locally with the same name, but different rdata.
// For auto-named services, we can have at most one per machine -- if we allowed two auto-named services of
// the same type on the same machine, we'd get into an infinite autoimmune-response loop of continuous renaming.
mDNSexport int CountPeerRegistrations(mDNS *const m, ServiceRecordSet *const srs)
	{
	int count = 0;
	ResourceRecord *r = &srs->RR_SRV.resrec;
	AuthRecord *rr;

	for (rr = m->ResourceRecords; rr; rr=rr->next)
		if (rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_SRV && SameDomainName(rr->resrec.name, r->name) && !IdenticalSameNameRecord(&rr->resrec, r))
			count++;

	verbosedebugf("%d peer registrations for %##s", count, r->name->c);
	return(count);
	}

mDNSexport int CountExistingRegistrations(domainname *srv, mDNSIPPort port)
	{
	int count = 0;
	AuthRecord *rr;
	for (rr = mDNSStorage.ResourceRecords; rr; rr=rr->next)
		if (rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_SRV &&
			mDNSSameIPPort(rr->resrec.rdata->u.srv.port, port) &&
			SameDomainName(rr->resrec.name, srv))
			count++;
	return(count);
	}

mDNSlocal void SendServiceRemovalNotification(ServiceRecordSet *const srs)
	{
	reply_state *rep;
	service_instance *instance = srs->ServiceContext;
	if (GenerateNTDResponse(srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.InterfaceID, instance->request, &rep, reg_service_reply_op, 0, mStatus_NoError) != mStatus_NoError)
		LogMsg("%3d: SendServiceRemovalNotification: %##s is not valid DNS-SD SRV name", instance->request->sd, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name->c);
	else { append_reply(instance->request, rep); instance->clientnotified = mDNSfalse; }
	}

// service registration callback performs three duties - frees memory for deregistered services,
// handles name conflicts, and delivers completed registration information to the client
mDNSlocal void regservice_callback(mDNS *const m, ServiceRecordSet *const srs, mStatus result)
	{
	mStatus err;
	mDNSBool SuppressError = mDNSfalse;
	service_instance *instance;
	reply_state         *rep;
	(void)m; // Unused

	if (!srs)      { LogMsg("regservice_callback: srs is NULL %d",                 result); return; }

	instance = srs->ServiceContext;
	if (!instance) { LogMsg("regservice_callback: srs->ServiceContext is NULL %d", result); return; }

	// don't send errors up to client for wide-area, empty-string registrations
	if (instance->request &&
		instance->request->u.servicereg.default_domain &&
		!instance->default_local)
		SuppressError = mDNStrue;

	if (mDNS_LoggingEnabled)
		{
		const char *const fmt =
			(result == mStatus_NoError)      ? "%s DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) REGISTERED"    :
			(result == mStatus_MemFree)      ? "%s DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) DEREGISTERED"  :
			(result == mStatus_NameConflict) ? "%s DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) NAME CONFLICT" :
			                                   "%s DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) %s %d";
		char prefix[16] = "---:";
		if (instance->request) mDNS_snprintf(prefix, sizeof(prefix), "%3d:", instance->request->sd);
		LogOperation(fmt, prefix, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name->c, mDNSVal16(srs->RR_SRV.resrec.rdata->u.srv.port),
			SuppressError ? "suppressed error" : "CALLBACK", result);
		}

	if (!instance->request && result != mStatus_MemFree) { LogMsg("regservice_callback: instance->request is NULL %d", result); return; }

	if (result == mStatus_NoError)
		{
		if (instance->request->u.servicereg.allowremotequery)
			{
			ExtraResourceRecord *e;
			srs->RR_ADV.AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
			srs->RR_PTR.AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
			srs->RR_SRV.AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
			srs->RR_TXT.AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
			for (e = instance->srs.Extras; e; e = e->next) e->r.AllowRemoteQuery = mDNStrue;
			}

		if (GenerateNTDResponse(srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.InterfaceID, instance->request, &rep, reg_service_reply_op, kDNSServiceFlagsAdd, result) != mStatus_NoError)
			LogMsg("%3d: regservice_callback: %##s is not valid DNS-SD SRV name", instance->request->sd, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name->c);
		else { append_reply(instance->request, rep); instance->clientnotified = mDNStrue; }

		if (instance->request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!instance->request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID && SameDomainName(&instance->domain, &localdomain) && (instance->request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
			{
			LogInfo("regservice_callback: calling external_start_advertising_helper()");
			external_start_advertising_helper(instance);
			}
		if (instance->request->u.servicereg.autoname && CountPeerRegistrations(m, srs) == 0)
			RecordUpdatedNiceLabel(m, 0);	// Successfully got new name, tell user immediately
		}
	else if (result == mStatus_MemFree)
		{
		if (instance->request && instance->renameonmemfree)
			{
			external_stop_advertising_helper(instance);
			instance->renameonmemfree = 0;
			err = mDNS_RenameAndReregisterService(m, srs, &instance->request->u.servicereg.name);
			if (err) LogMsg("ERROR: regservice_callback - RenameAndReregisterService returned %d", err);
			// error should never happen - safest to log and continue
			}
		else
			unlink_and_free_service_instance(instance);
		}
	else if (result == mStatus_NameConflict)
		{
		if (instance->request->u.servicereg.autorename)
			{
			external_stop_advertising_helper(instance);
			if (instance->request->u.servicereg.autoname && CountPeerRegistrations(m, srs) == 0)
				{
				// On conflict for an autoname service, rename and reregister *all* autoname services
				IncrementLabelSuffix(&m->nicelabel, mDNStrue);
				mDNS_ConfigChanged(m);	// Will call back into udsserver_handle_configchange()
				}
			else	// On conflict for a non-autoname service, rename and reregister just that one service
				{
				if (instance->clientnotified) SendServiceRemovalNotification(srs);
				mDNS_RenameAndReregisterService(m, srs, mDNSNULL);
				}
			}
		else
			{
			if (!SuppressError) 
				{
				if (GenerateNTDResponse(srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.InterfaceID, instance->request, &rep, reg_service_reply_op, kDNSServiceFlagsAdd, result) != mStatus_NoError)
					LogMsg("%3d: regservice_callback: %##s is not valid DNS-SD SRV name", instance->request->sd, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name->c);
				else { append_reply(instance->request, rep); instance->clientnotified = mDNStrue; }
				}
			unlink_and_free_service_instance(instance);
			}
		}
	else		// Not mStatus_NoError, mStatus_MemFree, or mStatus_NameConflict
		{
		if (!SuppressError) 
			{
			if (GenerateNTDResponse(srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.InterfaceID, instance->request, &rep, reg_service_reply_op, kDNSServiceFlagsAdd, result) != mStatus_NoError)
				LogMsg("%3d: regservice_callback: %##s is not valid DNS-SD SRV name", instance->request->sd, srs->RR_SRV.resrec.name->c);
			else { append_reply(instance->request, rep); instance->clientnotified = mDNStrue; }
			}
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void regrecord_callback(mDNS *const m, AuthRecord *rr, mStatus result)
	{
	(void)m; // Unused
	if (!rr->RecordContext)		// parent struct already freed by termination callback
		{
		if (result == mStatus_NoError)
			LogMsg("Error: regrecord_callback: successful registration of orphaned record %s", ARDisplayString(m, rr));
		else
			{
			if (result != mStatus_MemFree) LogMsg("regrecord_callback: error %d received after parent termination", result);

			// We come here when the record is being deregistered either from DNSServiceRemoveRecord or connection_termination.
			// If the record has been updated, we need to free the rdata. Everytime we call mDNS_Update, it calls update_callback
			// with the old rdata (so that we can free it) and stores the new rdata in "rr->resrec.rdata". This means, we need
			// to free the latest rdata for which the update_callback was never called with.
			if (rr->resrec.rdata != &rr->rdatastorage) freeL("RData/regrecord_callback", rr->resrec.rdata);
			freeL("AuthRecord/regrecord_callback", rr);
			}
		}
	else
		{
		registered_record_entry *re = rr->RecordContext;
		request_state *request = re->request;

		if (mDNS_LoggingEnabled)
			{
			char *fmt = (result == mStatus_NoError)      ? "%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) REGISTERED"    :
						(result == mStatus_MemFree)      ? "%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) DEREGISTERED"  :
						(result == mStatus_NameConflict) ? "%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) NAME CONFLICT" :
														   "%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) %d";
			LogOperation(fmt, request->sd, re->key, RRDisplayString(m, &rr->resrec), result);
			}

		if (result != mStatus_MemFree)
			{
			int len = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags) + sizeof(mDNSu32) + sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
			reply_state *reply = create_reply(reg_record_reply_op, len, request);
			reply->mhdr->client_context = re->regrec_client_context;
			reply->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(0);
			reply->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(m, rr->resrec.InterfaceID, mDNSfalse));
			reply->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(result);
			append_reply(request, reply);
			}

		if (result)
			{
			// unlink from list, free memory
			registered_record_entry **ptr = &request->u.reg_recs;
			while (*ptr && (*ptr) != re) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
			if (!*ptr) { LogMsg("regrecord_callback - record not in list!"); return; }
			*ptr = (*ptr)->next;
			freeL("registered_record_entry AuthRecord regrecord_callback", re->rr);
			freeL("registered_record_entry regrecord_callback", re);
			}
		else
			{
			if (re->external_advertise) LogMsg("regrecord_callback: external_advertise already set!");

			if (re->origInterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!re->origInterfaceID && IsLocalDomain(&rr->namestorage) && (request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
				{
				LogInfo("regrecord_callback: calling external_start_advertising_service");
				external_start_advertising_service(&rr->resrec);
				re->external_advertise = mDNStrue;
				}
			}
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void connection_termination(request_state *request)
	{
	// When terminating a shared connection, we need to scan the all_requests list
	// and terminate any subbordinate operations sharing this file descriptor
	request_state **req = &all_requests;
	
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceCreateConnection STOP", request->sd);
	
	while (*req)
		{
		if ((*req)->primary == request)
			{
			// Since we're already doing a list traversal, we unlink the request directly instead of using AbortUnlinkAndFree()
			request_state *tmp = *req;
			if (tmp->primary == tmp) LogMsg("connection_termination ERROR (*req)->primary == *req for %p %d",                  tmp, tmp->sd);
			if (tmp->replies)        LogMsg("connection_termination ERROR How can subordinate req %p %d have replies queued?", tmp, tmp->sd);
			abort_request(tmp);
			*req = tmp->next;
			freeL("request_state/connection_termination", tmp);
			}
		else
			req = &(*req)->next;
		}

	while (request->u.reg_recs)
		{
		registered_record_entry *ptr = request->u.reg_recs;
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) STOP", request->sd, ptr->key, RRDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, &ptr->rr->resrec));
		request->u.reg_recs = request->u.reg_recs->next;
		ptr->rr->RecordContext = NULL;
		if (ptr->external_advertise)
			{
			ptr->external_advertise = mDNSfalse;
			external_stop_advertising_service(&ptr->rr->resrec);
			}
		mDNS_Deregister(&mDNSStorage, ptr->rr);		// Will free ptr->rr for us
		freeL("registered_record_entry/connection_termination", ptr);
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void handle_cancel_request(request_state *request)
	{
	request_state **req = &all_requests;
	LogOperation("%3d: Cancel %08X %08X", request->sd, request->hdr.client_context.u32[1], request->hdr.client_context.u32[0]);
	while (*req)
		{
		if ((*req)->primary == request &&
			(*req)->hdr.client_context.u32[0] == request->hdr.client_context.u32[0] &&
			(*req)->hdr.client_context.u32[1] == request->hdr.client_context.u32[1])
			{
			// Since we're already doing a list traversal, we unlink the request directly instead of using AbortUnlinkAndFree()
			request_state *tmp = *req;
			abort_request(tmp);
			*req = tmp->next;
			freeL("request_state/handle_cancel_request", tmp);
			}
		else
			req = &(*req)->next;
		}
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_regrecord_request(request_state *request)
	{
	mStatus err = mStatus_BadParamErr;
	AuthRecord *rr = read_rr_from_ipc_msg(request, 1, 1);
	if (rr)
		{
		registered_record_entry *re;
		// Don't allow non-local domains to be regsitered as LocalOnly. Allowing this would permit
		// clients to register records such as www.bigbank.com A w.x.y.z to redirect Safari.
		if (rr->resrec.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_LocalOnly && !IsLocalDomain(rr->resrec.name) &&
			rr->resrec.rrclass == kDNSClass_IN && (rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_A || rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_AAAA ||
			rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_CNAME))
			{
			freeL("AuthRecord/handle_regrecord_request", rr);
			return (mStatus_BadParamErr);
			}
		// allocate registration entry, link into list
		re = mallocL("registered_record_entry", sizeof(registered_record_entry));
		if (!re) FatalError("ERROR: malloc");
		re->key                   = request->hdr.reg_index;
		re->rr                    = rr;
		re->regrec_client_context = request->hdr.client_context;
		re->request               = request;
		re->external_advertise    = mDNSfalse;
		rr->RecordContext         = re;
		rr->RecordCallback        = regrecord_callback;

		re->origInterfaceID = rr->resrec.InterfaceID;
		if (rr->resrec.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P) rr->resrec.InterfaceID = mDNSInterface_Any;	
#if 0
		if (!AuthorizedDomain(request, rr->resrec.name, AutoRegistrationDomains))	return (mStatus_NoError);
#endif
		if (rr->resrec.rroriginalttl == 0)
			rr->resrec.rroriginalttl = DefaultTTLforRRType(rr->resrec.rrtype);
	
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) START", request->sd, re->key, RRDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, &rr->resrec));
		err = mDNS_Register(&mDNSStorage, rr);
		if (err)
			{
			LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegisterRecord(%u %s) ERROR (%d)", request->sd, re->key, RRDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, &rr->resrec), err);
			freeL("registered_record_entry", re);
			freeL("registered_record_entry/AuthRecord", rr);
			}
		else
			{
			re->next = request->u.reg_recs;
			request->u.reg_recs = re;
			}
		}
	return(err);
	}

mDNSlocal void UpdateDeviceInfoRecord(mDNS *const m);

mDNSlocal void regservice_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	if (!request) { LogMsg("regservice_termination_callback context is NULL"); return; }
	while (request->u.servicereg.instances)
		{
		service_instance *p = request->u.servicereg.instances;
		request->u.servicereg.instances = request->u.servicereg.instances->next;
		// only safe to free memory if registration is not valid, i.e. deregister fails (which invalidates p)
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) STOP",
			request->sd, p->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c, mDNSVal16(p->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.rdata->u.srv.port));
		
		external_stop_advertising_helper(p);

		// Clear backpointer *before* calling mDNS_DeregisterService/unlink_and_free_service_instance
		// We don't need unlink_and_free_service_instance to cut its element from the list, because we're already advancing
		// request->u.servicereg.instances as we work our way through the list, implicitly cutting one element at a time
		// We can't clear p->request *after* the calling mDNS_DeregisterService/unlink_and_free_service_instance
		// because by then we might have already freed p
		p->request = NULL;
		if (mDNS_DeregisterService(&mDNSStorage, &p->srs)) unlink_and_free_service_instance(p);
		// Don't touch service_instance *p after this -- it's likely to have been freed already
		}
	if (request->u.servicereg.txtdata)
		{ freeL("service_info txtdata", request->u.servicereg.txtdata); request->u.servicereg.txtdata = NULL; }
	if (request->u.servicereg.autoname)
		{
		// Clear autoname before calling UpdateDeviceInfoRecord() so it doesn't mistakenly include this in its count of active autoname registrations
		request->u.servicereg.autoname = mDNSfalse;
		UpdateDeviceInfoRecord(&mDNSStorage);
		}
	}

mDNSlocal request_state *LocateSubordinateRequest(request_state *request)
	{
	request_state *req;
	for (req = all_requests; req; req = req->next)
		if (req->primary == request &&
			req->hdr.client_context.u32[0] == request->hdr.client_context.u32[0] &&
			req->hdr.client_context.u32[1] == request->hdr.client_context.u32[1]) return(req);
	return(request);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus add_record_to_service(request_state *request, service_instance *instance, mDNSu16 rrtype, mDNSu16 rdlen, const char *rdata, mDNSu32 ttl)
	{
	ServiceRecordSet *srs = &instance->srs;
	mStatus result;
	int size = rdlen > sizeof(RDataBody) ? rdlen : sizeof(RDataBody);
	ExtraResourceRecord *extra = mallocL("ExtraResourceRecord", sizeof(*extra) - sizeof(RDataBody) + size);
	if (!extra) { my_perror("ERROR: malloc"); return mStatus_NoMemoryErr; }

	mDNSPlatformMemZero(extra, sizeof(ExtraResourceRecord));  // OK if oversized rdata not zero'd
	extra->r.resrec.rrtype = rrtype;
	extra->r.rdatastorage.MaxRDLength = (mDNSu16) size;
	extra->r.resrec.rdlength = rdlen;
	mDNSPlatformMemCopy(&extra->r.rdatastorage.u.data, rdata, rdlen);

	result = mDNS_AddRecordToService(&mDNSStorage, srs, extra, &extra->r.rdatastorage, ttl,
					(request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P) ? 1: 0);
	if (result) { freeL("ExtraResourceRecord/add_record_to_service", extra); return result; }

	extra->ClientID = request->hdr.reg_index;
	if (instance->external_advertise && (instance->request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!instance->request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID && SameDomainName(&instance->domain, &localdomain) && (instance->request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P))))
		{
		LogInfo("add_record_to_service: calling external_start_advertising_service");
		external_start_advertising_service(&extra->r.resrec);
		}
	return result;
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_add_request(request_state *request)
	{
	service_instance *i;
	mStatus result = mStatus_UnknownErr;
	DNSServiceFlags flags  = get_flags (&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu16         rrtype = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu16         rdlen  = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	const char     *rdata  = get_rdata (&request->msgptr, request->msgend, rdlen);
	mDNSu32         ttl    = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	if (!ttl) ttl = DefaultTTLforRRType(rrtype);
	(void)flags; // Unused

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceAddRecord(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// If this is a shared connection, check if the operation actually applies to a subordinate request_state object
	if (request->terminate == connection_termination) request = LocateSubordinateRequest(request);

	if (request->terminate != regservice_termination_callback)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceAddRecord(not a registered service ref)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// For a service registered with zero port, don't allow adding records. This mostly happens due to a bug
	// in the application. See radar://9165807.
	if (mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.servicereg.port))
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceAddRecord: adding record to a service registered with zero port", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceAddRecord(%X, %##s, %s, %d)", request->sd, flags,
		(request->u.servicereg.instances) ? request->u.servicereg.instances->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c : NULL, DNSTypeName(rrtype), rdlen);

	for (i = request->u.servicereg.instances; i; i = i->next)
		{
		result = add_record_to_service(request, i, rrtype, rdlen, rdata, ttl);
		if (result && i->default_local) break;
		else result = mStatus_NoError;  // suppress non-local default errors
		}

	return(result);
	}

mDNSlocal void update_callback(mDNS *const m, AuthRecord *const rr, RData *oldrd, mDNSu16 oldrdlen)
	{
	mDNSBool external_advertise = (rr->UpdateContext) ? *((mDNSBool *)rr->UpdateContext) : mDNSfalse;
	(void)m; // Unused
	
	// There are three cases.
	//
	// 1. We have updated the primary TXT record of the service
	// 2. We have updated the TXT record that was added to the service using DNSServiceAddRecord
	// 3. We have updated the TXT record that was registered using DNSServiceRegisterRecord
	//
	// external_advertise is set if we have advertised at least once during the initial addition
	// of the record in all of the three cases above. We should have checked for InterfaceID/LocalDomain
	// checks during the first time and hence we don't do any checks here
	if (external_advertise)
		{
		ResourceRecord ext = rr->resrec;
		if (ext.rdlength == oldrdlen && mDNSPlatformMemSame(&ext.rdata->u, &oldrd->u, oldrdlen)) goto exit;
		SetNewRData(&ext, oldrd, oldrdlen);
		external_stop_advertising_service(&ext);
		LogInfo("update_callback: calling external_start_advertising_service");
		external_start_advertising_service(&rr->resrec);
		}
exit:
	if (oldrd != &rr->rdatastorage) freeL("RData/update_callback", oldrd);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus update_record(AuthRecord *rr, mDNSu16 rdlen, const char *rdata, mDNSu32 ttl, const mDNSBool *const external_advertise)
	{
	mStatus result;
	const int rdsize = rdlen > sizeof(RDataBody) ? rdlen : sizeof(RDataBody);
	RData *newrd = mallocL("RData/update_record", sizeof(RData) - sizeof(RDataBody) + rdsize);
	if (!newrd) FatalError("ERROR: malloc");
	newrd->MaxRDLength = (mDNSu16) rdsize;
	mDNSPlatformMemCopy(&newrd->u, rdata, rdlen);

	// BIND named (name daemon) doesn't allow TXT records with zero-length rdata. This is strictly speaking correct,
	// since RFC 1035 specifies a TXT record as "One or more <character-string>s", not "Zero or more <character-string>s".
	// Since some legacy apps try to create zero-length TXT records, we'll silently correct it here.
	if (rr->resrec.rrtype == kDNSType_TXT && rdlen == 0) { rdlen = 1; newrd->u.txt.c[0] = 0; }
	
	if (external_advertise) rr->UpdateContext = (void *)external_advertise;
	
	result = mDNS_Update(&mDNSStorage, rr, ttl, rdlen, newrd, update_callback);
	if (result) { LogMsg("update_record: Error %d for %s", (int)result, ARDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, rr)); freeL("RData/update_record", newrd); }
	return result;
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_update_request(request_state *request)
	{
	const ipc_msg_hdr *const hdr = &request->hdr;
	mStatus result = mStatus_BadReferenceErr;
	service_instance *i;
	AuthRecord *rr = NULL;

	// get the message data
	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags (&request->msgptr, request->msgend);	// flags unused
	mDNSu16         rdlen = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	const char     *rdata = get_rdata (&request->msgptr, request->msgend, rdlen);
	mDNSu32         ttl   = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	(void)flags; // Unused

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceUpdateRecord(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// If this is a shared connection, check if the operation actually applies to a subordinate request_state object
	if (request->terminate == connection_termination) request = LocateSubordinateRequest(request);

	if (request->terminate == connection_termination)
		{
		// update an individually registered record
		registered_record_entry *reptr;
		for (reptr = request->u.reg_recs; reptr; reptr = reptr->next)
			{
			if (reptr->key == hdr->reg_index)
				{
				result = update_record(reptr->rr, rdlen, rdata, ttl, &reptr->external_advertise);
				LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceUpdateRecord(%##s, %s)",
					request->sd, reptr->rr->resrec.name->c, reptr->rr ? DNSTypeName(reptr->rr->resrec.rrtype) : "<NONE>");
				goto end;
				}
			}
		result = mStatus_BadReferenceErr;
		goto end;
		}

	if (request->terminate != regservice_termination_callback)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceUpdateRecord(not a registered service ref)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// For a service registered with zero port, only SRV record is initialized. Don't allow any updates.
	if (mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.servicereg.port))
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceUpdateRecord: updating the record of a service registered with zero port", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// update the saved off TXT data for the service
	if (hdr->reg_index == TXT_RECORD_INDEX)
		{
		if (request->u.servicereg.txtdata)
			{ freeL("service_info txtdata", request->u.servicereg.txtdata); request->u.servicereg.txtdata = NULL; }
		if (rdlen > 0)
			{
			request->u.servicereg.txtdata = mallocL("service_info txtdata", rdlen);
			if (!request->u.servicereg.txtdata) FatalError("ERROR: handle_update_request - malloc");
			mDNSPlatformMemCopy(request->u.servicereg.txtdata, rdata, rdlen);
			}
		request->u.servicereg.txtlen = rdlen;
		}

	// update a record from a service record set
	for (i = request->u.servicereg.instances; i; i = i->next)
		{
		if (hdr->reg_index == TXT_RECORD_INDEX) rr = &i->srs.RR_TXT;
		else
			{
			ExtraResourceRecord *e;
			for (e = i->srs.Extras; e; e = e->next)
				if (e->ClientID == hdr->reg_index) { rr = &e->r; break; }
			}

		if (!rr) { result = mStatus_BadReferenceErr; goto end; }
		result = update_record(rr, rdlen, rdata, ttl, &i->external_advertise);
		if (result && i->default_local) goto end;
		else result = mStatus_NoError;  // suppress non-local default errors
		}

end:
	if (request->terminate == regservice_termination_callback)
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceUpdateRecord(%##s, %s)", request->sd,
			(request->u.servicereg.instances) ? request->u.servicereg.instances->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c : NULL,
			rr ? DNSTypeName(rr->resrec.rrtype) : "<NONE>");

	return(result);
	}

// remove a resource record registered via DNSServiceRegisterRecord()
mDNSlocal mStatus remove_record(request_state *request)
	{
	mStatus err = mStatus_UnknownErr;
	registered_record_entry *e, **ptr = &request->u.reg_recs;

	while (*ptr && (*ptr)->key != request->hdr.reg_index) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
	if (!*ptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceRemoveRecord(%u) not found", request->sd, request->hdr.reg_index); return mStatus_BadReferenceErr; }
	e = *ptr;
	*ptr = e->next; // unlink

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRemoveRecord(%u %s)", request->sd, e->key, RRDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, &e->rr->resrec));
	e->rr->RecordContext = NULL;
	if (e->external_advertise)
		{
		external_stop_advertising_service(&e->rr->resrec);
		e->external_advertise = mDNSfalse;
		}
	err = mDNS_Deregister(&mDNSStorage, e->rr);		// Will free e->rr for us; we're responsible for freeing e
	if (err)
		{
		LogMsg("ERROR: remove_record, mDNS_Deregister: %d", err);
		freeL("registered_record_entry AuthRecord remove_record", e->rr);
		}
		
	freeL("registered_record_entry remove_record", e);
	return err;
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus remove_extra(const request_state *const request, service_instance *const serv, mDNSu16 *const rrtype)
	{
	mStatus err = mStatus_BadReferenceErr;
	ExtraResourceRecord *ptr;

	for (ptr = serv->srs.Extras; ptr; ptr = ptr->next)		
		{
		if (ptr->ClientID == request->hdr.reg_index) // found match
			{
			*rrtype = ptr->r.resrec.rrtype;
			if (serv->external_advertise) external_stop_advertising_service(&ptr->r.resrec);
			err = mDNS_RemoveRecordFromService(&mDNSStorage, &serv->srs, ptr, FreeExtraRR, ptr);
			break;
			}
		}
	return err;
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_removerecord_request(request_state *request)
	{
	mStatus err = mStatus_BadReferenceErr;
	get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);	// flags unused

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceRemoveRecord(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// If this is a shared connection, check if the operation actually applies to a subordinate request_state object
	if (request->terminate == connection_termination) request = LocateSubordinateRequest(request);

	if (request->terminate == connection_termination)
		err = remove_record(request);  // remove individually registered record
	else if (request->terminate != regservice_termination_callback)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceRemoveRecord(not a registered service ref)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }
	else
		{
		service_instance *i;
		mDNSu16 rrtype = 0;
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRemoveRecord(%##s, %s)", request->sd,
			(request->u.servicereg.instances) ? request->u.servicereg.instances->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c : NULL,
			rrtype ? DNSTypeName(rrtype) : "<NONE>");
		for (i = request->u.servicereg.instances; i; i = i->next)
			{
			err = remove_extra(request, i, &rrtype);
			if (err && i->default_local) break;
			else err = mStatus_NoError;  // suppress non-local default errors
			}
		}

	return(err);
	}

// If there's a comma followed by another character,
// FindFirstSubType overwrites the comma with a nul and returns the pointer to the next character.
// Otherwise, it returns a pointer to the final nul at the end of the string
mDNSlocal char *FindFirstSubType(char *p)
	{
	while (*p)
		{
		if (p[0] == '\\' && p[1]) p += 2;
		else if (p[0] == ',' && p[1]) { *p++ = 0; return(p); }
		else p++;
		}
	return(p);
	}

// If there's a comma followed by another character,
// FindNextSubType overwrites the comma with a nul and returns the pointer to the next character.
// If it finds an illegal unescaped dot in the subtype name, it returns mDNSNULL
// Otherwise, it returns a pointer to the final nul at the end of the string
mDNSlocal char *FindNextSubType(char *p)
	{
	while (*p)
		{
		if (p[0] == '\\' && p[1])		// If escape character
			p += 2;						// ignore following character
		else if (p[0] == ',')			// If we found a comma
			{
			if (p[1]) *p++ = 0;
			return(p);
			}
		else if (p[0] == '.')
			return(mDNSNULL);
		else p++;
		}
	return(p);
	}

// Returns -1 if illegal subtype found
mDNSexport mDNSs32 ChopSubTypes(char *regtype)
	{
	mDNSs32 NumSubTypes = 0;
	char *stp = FindFirstSubType(regtype);
	while (stp && *stp)					// If we found a comma...
		{
		if (*stp == ',') return(-1);
		NumSubTypes++;
		stp = FindNextSubType(stp);
		}
	if (!stp) return(-1);
	return(NumSubTypes);
	}

mDNSexport AuthRecord *AllocateSubTypes(mDNSs32 NumSubTypes, char *p)
	{
	AuthRecord *st = mDNSNULL;
	if (NumSubTypes)
		{
		mDNSs32 i;
		st = mallocL("ServiceSubTypes", NumSubTypes * sizeof(AuthRecord));
		if (!st) return(mDNSNULL);
		for (i = 0; i < NumSubTypes; i++)
			{
			mDNS_SetupResourceRecord(&st[i], mDNSNULL, mDNSInterface_Any, kDNSQType_ANY, kStandardTTL, 0, AuthRecordAny, mDNSNULL, mDNSNULL);
			while (*p) p++;
			p++;
			if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&st[i].namestorage, p))
				{ freeL("ServiceSubTypes", st); return(mDNSNULL); }
			}
		}
	return(st);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus register_service_instance(request_state *request, const domainname *domain)
	{
	service_instance **ptr, *instance;
	const int extra_size = (request->u.servicereg.txtlen > sizeof(RDataBody)) ? (request->u.servicereg.txtlen - sizeof(RDataBody)) : 0;
	const mDNSBool DomainIsLocal = SameDomainName(domain, &localdomain);
	mStatus result;
	mDNSInterfaceID interfaceID = request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID;
	mDNSu32 regFlags = 0;

	if (interfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P)
		{
		interfaceID = mDNSInterface_Any;
		regFlags |= regFlagIncludeP2P;
		}
	else if (request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)
		regFlags |= regFlagIncludeP2P;

	// client guarantees that record names are unique
	if (request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForce)
		regFlags |= regFlagKnownUnique;

	// If the client specified an interface, but no domain, then we honor the specified interface for the "local" (mDNS)
	// registration but for the wide-area registrations we don't (currently) have any concept of a wide-area unicast
	// registrations scoped to a specific interface, so for the automatic domains we add we must *not* specify an interface.
	// (Specifying an interface with an apparently wide-area domain (i.e. something other than "local")
	// currently forces the registration to use mDNS multicast despite the apparently wide-area domain.)
	if (request->u.servicereg.default_domain && !DomainIsLocal) interfaceID = mDNSInterface_Any;

	for (ptr = &request->u.servicereg.instances; *ptr; ptr = &(*ptr)->next)
		{
		if (SameDomainName(&(*ptr)->domain, domain))
			{
			LogMsg("register_service_instance: domain %##s already registered for %#s.%##s",
				domain->c, &request->u.servicereg.name, &request->u.servicereg.type);
			return mStatus_AlreadyRegistered;
			}
		}

	if (mDNSStorage.KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LimitedIPv6)
		{
		// Special-case hack: On Mac OS X 10.6.x and earlier we don't advertise SMB service in AutoTunnel domains,
		// because AutoTunnel services have to support IPv6, and in Mac OS X 10.6.x the SMB server does not.
		// <rdar://problem/5482322> BTMM: Don't advertise SMB with BTMM because it doesn't support IPv6
		if (SameDomainName(&request->u.servicereg.type, (const domainname *) "\x4" "_smb" "\x4" "_tcp"))
			{
			DomainAuthInfo *AuthInfo = GetAuthInfoForName(&mDNSStorage, domain);
			if (AuthInfo && AuthInfo->AutoTunnel) return(kDNSServiceErr_Unsupported);
			}
		}

	instance = mallocL("service_instance", sizeof(*instance) + extra_size);
	if (!instance) { my_perror("ERROR: malloc"); return mStatus_NoMemoryErr; }

	instance->next							= mDNSNULL;
	instance->request						= request;
	instance->subtypes						= AllocateSubTypes(request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes, request->u.servicereg.type_as_string);
	instance->renameonmemfree				= 0;
	instance->clientnotified				= mDNSfalse;
	instance->default_local					= (request->u.servicereg.default_domain && DomainIsLocal);
	instance->external_advertise            = mDNSfalse;
	AssignDomainName(&instance->domain, domain);

	if (request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes && !instance->subtypes)
		{ unlink_and_free_service_instance(instance); instance = NULL; FatalError("ERROR: malloc"); }

	result = mDNS_RegisterService(&mDNSStorage, &instance->srs,
		&request->u.servicereg.name, &request->u.servicereg.type, domain,
		request->u.servicereg.host.c[0] ? &request->u.servicereg.host : NULL,
		request->u.servicereg.port,
		request->u.servicereg.txtdata, request->u.servicereg.txtlen,
		instance->subtypes, request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes,
		interfaceID, regservice_callback, instance, regFlags);

	if (!result)
		{
		*ptr = instance;		// Append this to the end of our request->u.servicereg.instances list
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegister(%##s, %u) ADDED",
			instance->request->sd, instance->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c, mDNSVal16(request->u.servicereg.port));
		}
	else
		{
		LogMsg("register_service_instance %#s.%##s%##s error %d",
			&request->u.servicereg.name, &request->u.servicereg.type, domain->c, result);
		unlink_and_free_service_instance(instance);
		}

	return result;
	}

mDNSlocal void udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed(const DNameListElem *const d, const mDNSBool add)
	{
	request_state *request;

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	machserver_automatic_registration_domain_changed(&d->name, add);
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	LogMsg("%s registration domain %##s", add ? "Adding" : "Removing", d->name.c);
	for (request = all_requests; request; request = request->next)
		{
		if (request->terminate != regservice_termination_callback) continue;
		if (!request->u.servicereg.default_domain) continue;
		if (!d->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == d->uid)
			{
			service_instance **ptr = &request->u.servicereg.instances;
			while (*ptr && !SameDomainName(&(*ptr)->domain, &d->name)) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
			if (add)
				{
				// If we don't already have this domain in our list for this registration, add it now
				if (!*ptr) register_service_instance(request, &d->name);
				else debugf("udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed %##s already in list, not re-adding", &d->name);
				}
			else
				{
				// Normally we should not fail to find the specified instance
				// One case where this can happen is if a uDNS update fails for some reason,
				// and regservice_callback then calls unlink_and_free_service_instance and disposes of that instance.
				if (!*ptr)
					LogMsg("udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed domain %##s not found for service %#s type %s",
						&d->name, request->u.servicereg.name.c, request->u.servicereg.type_as_string);
				else
					{
					DNameListElem *p;
					for (p = AutoRegistrationDomains; p; p=p->next)
						if (!p->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == p->uid)
							if (SameDomainName(&d->name, &p->name)) break;
					if (p) debugf("udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed %##s still in list, not removing", &d->name);
					else
						{
						mStatus err;
						service_instance *si = *ptr;
						*ptr = si->next;
						if (si->clientnotified) SendServiceRemovalNotification(&si->srs); // Do this *before* clearing si->request backpointer
						// Now that we've cut this service_instance from the list, we MUST clear the si->request backpointer.
						// Otherwise what can happen is this: While our mDNS_DeregisterService is in the
						// process of completing asynchronously, the client cancels the entire operation, so
						// regservice_termination_callback then runs through the whole list deregistering each
						// instance, clearing the backpointers, and then disposing the parent request_state object.
						// However, because this service_instance isn't in the list any more, regservice_termination_callback
						// has no way to find it and clear its backpointer, and then when our mDNS_DeregisterService finally
						// completes later with a mStatus_MemFree message, it calls unlink_and_free_service_instance() with
						// a service_instance with a stale si->request backpointer pointing to memory that's already been freed.
						si->request = NULL;
						err = mDNS_DeregisterService(&mDNSStorage, &si->srs);
						if (err) { LogMsg("udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed err %d", err); unlink_and_free_service_instance(si); }
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_regservice_request(request_state *request)
	{
	char name[256];	// Lots of spare space for extra-long names that we'll auto-truncate down to 63 bytes
	char domain[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME], host[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	char type_as_string[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	domainname d, srv;
	mStatus err;

	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - Couldn't find interfaceIndex %d", interfaceIndex); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, name, sizeof(name)) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, type_as_string, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, domain, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, host, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - Couldn't read name/regtype/domain"); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	request->flags = flags;
	request->u.servicereg.InterfaceID = InterfaceID;
	request->u.servicereg.instances = NULL;
	request->u.servicereg.txtlen  = 0;
	request->u.servicereg.txtdata = NULL;
	mDNSPlatformStrCopy(request->u.servicereg.type_as_string, type_as_string);

	if (request->msgptr + 2 > request->msgend) request->msgptr = NULL;
	else
		{
		request->u.servicereg.port.b[0] = *request->msgptr++;
		request->u.servicereg.port.b[1] = *request->msgptr++;
		}

	request->u.servicereg.txtlen = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	if (request->u.servicereg.txtlen)
		{
		request->u.servicereg.txtdata = mallocL("service_info txtdata", request->u.servicereg.txtlen);
		if (!request->u.servicereg.txtdata) FatalError("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - malloc");
		mDNSPlatformMemCopy(request->u.servicereg.txtdata, get_rdata(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, request->u.servicereg.txtlen), request->u.servicereg.txtlen);
		}

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceRegister(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// Check for sub-types after the service type
	request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes = ChopSubTypes(request->u.servicereg.type_as_string);	// Note: Modifies regtype string to remove trailing subtypes
	if (request->u.servicereg.num_subtypes < 0)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - ChopSubTypes failed %s", request->u.servicereg.type_as_string); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// Don't try to construct "domainname t" until *after* ChopSubTypes has worked its magic
	if (!*request->u.servicereg.type_as_string || !MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&request->u.servicereg.type, request->u.servicereg.type_as_string))
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - type_as_string bad %s", request->u.servicereg.type_as_string); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (!name[0])
		{
		request->u.servicereg.name = mDNSStorage.nicelabel;
		request->u.servicereg.autoname = mDNStrue;
		}
	else
		{
		// If the client is allowing AutoRename, then truncate name to legal length before converting it to a DomainLabel
		if ((flags & kDNSServiceFlagsNoAutoRename) == 0)
			{
			int newlen = TruncateUTF8ToLength((mDNSu8*)name, mDNSPlatformStrLen(name), MAX_DOMAIN_LABEL);
			name[newlen] = 0;
			}
		if (!MakeDomainLabelFromLiteralString(&request->u.servicereg.name, name))
			{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - name bad %s", name); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }
		request->u.servicereg.autoname = mDNSfalse;
		}

	if (*domain)
		{
		request->u.servicereg.default_domain = mDNSfalse;
		if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&d, domain))
			{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - domain bad %s", domain); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }
		}
	else
		{
		request->u.servicereg.default_domain = mDNStrue;
		MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&d, "local.");
		}

	if (!ConstructServiceName(&srv, &request->u.servicereg.name, &request->u.servicereg.type, &d))
		{
		LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - Couldn't ConstructServiceName from, “%#s” “%##s” “%##s”",
			request->u.servicereg.name.c, request->u.servicereg.type.c, d.c); return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
		}

	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&request->u.servicereg.host, host))
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_regservice_request - host bad %s", host); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }
	request->u.servicereg.autorename       = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsNoAutoRename    ) == 0;
	request->u.servicereg.allowremotequery = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsAllowRemoteQuery) != 0;

	// Some clients use mDNS for lightweight copy protection, registering a pseudo-service with
	// a port number of zero. When two instances of the protected client are allowed to run on one
	// machine, we don't want to see misleading "Bogus client" messages in syslog and the console.
	if (!mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.servicereg.port))
		{
		int count = CountExistingRegistrations(&srv, request->u.servicereg.port);
		if (count)
			LogMsg("Client application registered %d identical instances of service %##s port %u.",
				count+1, srv.c, mDNSVal16(request->u.servicereg.port));
		}

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceRegister(%X, %d, \"%s\", \"%s\", \"%s\", \"%s\", %u) START",
		request->sd, flags, interfaceIndex, name, request->u.servicereg.type_as_string, domain, host, mDNSVal16(request->u.servicereg.port));

	// We need to unconditionally set request->terminate, because even if we didn't successfully
	// start any registrations right now, subsequent configuration changes may cause successful
	// registrations to be added, and we'll need to cancel them before freeing this memory.
	// We also need to set request->terminate first, before adding additional service instances,
	// because the uds_validatelists uses the request->terminate function pointer to determine
	// what kind of request this is, and therefore what kind of list validation is required.
	request->terminate = regservice_termination_callback;

	err = register_service_instance(request, &d);

#if 0
	err = AuthorizedDomain(request, &d, AutoRegistrationDomains) ? register_service_instance(request, &d) : mStatus_NoError;
#endif
	if (!err)
		{
		if (request->u.servicereg.autoname) UpdateDeviceInfoRecord(&mDNSStorage);

		if (!*domain)
			{
			DNameListElem *ptr;
			// Note that we don't report errors for non-local, non-explicit domains
			for (ptr = AutoRegistrationDomains; ptr; ptr = ptr->next)
				if (!ptr->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == ptr->uid)
					register_service_instance(request, &ptr->name);
			}
		}

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceBrowse
#endif

mDNSlocal void FoundInstance(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *question, const ResourceRecord *const answer, QC_result AddRecord)
	{
	const DNSServiceFlags flags = AddRecord ? kDNSServiceFlagsAdd : 0;
	request_state *req = question->QuestionContext;
	reply_state *rep;
	(void)m; // Unused

	if (answer->rrtype != kDNSType_PTR)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: FoundInstance: Should not be called with rrtype %d (not a PTR record)", req->sd, answer->rrtype); return; }

	if (GenerateNTDResponse(&answer->rdata->u.name, answer->InterfaceID, req, &rep, browse_reply_op, flags, mStatus_NoError) != mStatus_NoError)
		{
		if (SameDomainName(&req->u.browser.regtype, (const domainname*)"\x09_services\x07_dns-sd\x04_udp"))
			{
			// Special support to enable the DNSServiceBrowse call made by Bonjour Browser
			// Remove after Bonjour Browser is updated to use DNSServiceQueryRecord instead of DNSServiceBrowse
			GenerateBonjourBrowserResponse(&answer->rdata->u.name, answer->InterfaceID, req, &rep, browse_reply_op, flags, mStatus_NoError);
			goto bonjourbrowserhack;
			}

		LogMsg("%3d: FoundInstance: %##s PTR %##s received from network is not valid DNS-SD service pointer",
			req->sd, answer->name->c, answer->rdata->u.name.c);
		return;
		}

bonjourbrowserhack:

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceBrowse(%##s, %s) RESULT %s %d: %s",
		req->sd, question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), AddRecord ? "Add" : "Rmv",
		mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(m, answer->InterfaceID, mDNSfalse), RRDisplayString(m, answer));

	append_reply(req, rep);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus add_domain_to_browser(request_state *info, const domainname *d)
	{
	browser_t *b, *p;
	mStatus err;

	for (p = info->u.browser.browsers; p; p = p->next)
		{
		if (SameDomainName(&p->domain, d))
			{ debugf("add_domain_to_browser %##s already in list", d->c); return mStatus_AlreadyRegistered; }
		}

	b = mallocL("browser_t", sizeof(*b));
	if (!b) return mStatus_NoMemoryErr;
	AssignDomainName(&b->domain, d);
	err = mDNS_StartBrowse(&mDNSStorage, &b->q,
		&info->u.browser.regtype, d, info->u.browser.interface_id, info->u.browser.ForceMCast, FoundInstance, info);
	if (err)
		{
		LogMsg("mDNS_StartBrowse returned %d for type %##s domain %##s", err, info->u.browser.regtype.c, d->c);
		freeL("browser_t/add_domain_to_browser", b);
		}
	else
		{
		b->next = info->u.browser.browsers;
		info->u.browser.browsers = b;
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceBrowse(%##s) START", info->sd, b->q.qname.c);
		if (info->u.browser.interface_id == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!info->u.browser.interface_id && SameDomainName(&b->domain, &localdomain) && (info->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
			{
			domainname tmp;
			ConstructServiceName(&tmp, NULL, &info->u.browser.regtype, &b->domain);
			LogInfo("add_domain_to_browser: calling external_start_browsing_for_service()");
			external_start_browsing_for_service(&mDNSStorage, &tmp, kDNSType_PTR);
			}
		}
	return err;
	}

mDNSlocal void browse_termination_callback(request_state *info)
	{
	while (info->u.browser.browsers)
		{
		browser_t *ptr = info->u.browser.browsers;
		
		if (info->u.browser.interface_id == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!info->u.browser.interface_id && SameDomainName(&ptr->domain, &localdomain) && (info->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
			{
			domainname tmp;
			ConstructServiceName(&tmp, NULL, &info->u.browser.regtype, &ptr->domain);
			LogInfo("browse_termination_callback: calling external_stop_browsing_for_service()");
			external_stop_browsing_for_service(&mDNSStorage, &tmp, kDNSType_PTR);
			}
		
		info->u.browser.browsers = ptr->next;
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceBrowse(%##s) STOP", info->sd, ptr->q.qname.c);
		mDNS_StopBrowse(&mDNSStorage, &ptr->q);  // no need to error-check result
		freeL("browser_t/browse_termination_callback", ptr);
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed(const DNameListElem *const d, const mDNSBool add)
	{
	request_state *request;
	debugf("udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed: %s default browse domain %##s", add ? "Adding" : "Removing", d->name.c);

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	machserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed(&d->name, add);
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	for (request = all_requests; request; request = request->next)
		{
		if (request->terminate != browse_termination_callback) continue;	// Not a browse operation
		if (!request->u.browser.default_domain) continue;					// Not an auto-browse operation
		if (!d->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == d->uid)
			{
			browser_t **ptr = &request->u.browser.browsers;
			while (*ptr && !SameDomainName(&(*ptr)->domain, &d->name)) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
			if (add)
				{
				// If we don't already have this domain in our list for this browse operation, add it now
				if (!*ptr) add_domain_to_browser(request, &d->name);
				else debugf("udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed %##s already in list, not re-adding", &d->name);
				}
			else
				{
				if (!*ptr) LogMsg("udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed ERROR %##s not found", &d->name);
				else
					{
					DNameListElem *p;
					for (p = AutoBrowseDomains; p; p=p->next)
						if (!p->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == p->uid)
							if (SameDomainName(&d->name, &p->name)) break;
					if (p) debugf("udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed %##s still in list, not removing", &d->name);
					else
						{
						browser_t *rem = *ptr;
						*ptr = (*ptr)->next;
						mDNS_StopQueryWithRemoves(&mDNSStorage, &rem->q);
						freeL("browser_t/udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed", rem);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void FreeARElemCallback(mDNS *const m, AuthRecord *const rr, mStatus result)
	{
	(void)m;  // unused
	if (result == mStatus_MemFree)
		{
		// On shutdown, mDNS_Close automatically deregisters all records
		// Since in this case no one has called DeregisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR to cut the record
		// from the LocalDomainEnumRecords list, we do this here before we free the memory.
		// (This should actually no longer be necessary, now that we do the proper cleanup in
		// udsserver_exit. To confirm this, we'll log an error message if we do find a record that
		// hasn't been cut from the list yet. If these messages don't appear, we can delete this code.)
		ARListElem **ptr = &LocalDomainEnumRecords;
		while (*ptr && &(*ptr)->ar != rr) ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
		if (*ptr) { *ptr = (*ptr)->next; LogMsg("FreeARElemCallback: Have to cut %s", ARDisplayString(m, rr)); }
		mDNSPlatformMemFree(rr->RecordContext);
		}
	}

// RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR and DeregisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR largely duplicate code in
// "FoundDomain" in uDNS.c for creating and destroying these special mDNSInterface_LocalOnly records.
// We may want to turn the common code into a subroutine.

mDNSlocal void RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(mDNS *m, const domainname *d, int type)
	{
	// allocate/register legacy and non-legacy _browse PTR record
	mStatus err;
	ARListElem *ptr = mDNSPlatformMemAllocate(sizeof(*ptr));

	debugf("Incrementing %s refcount for %##s",
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse         ) ? "browse domain   " :
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration   ) ? "registration dom" :
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeBrowseAutomatic) ? "automatic browse" : "?", d->c);

	mDNS_SetupResourceRecord(&ptr->ar, mDNSNULL, mDNSInterface_LocalOnly, kDNSType_PTR, 7200, kDNSRecordTypeShared, AuthRecordLocalOnly, FreeARElemCallback, ptr);
	MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&ptr->ar.namestorage, mDNS_DomainTypeNames[type]);
	AppendDNSNameString            (&ptr->ar.namestorage, "local");
	AssignDomainName(&ptr->ar.resrec.rdata->u.name, d);
	err = mDNS_Register(m, &ptr->ar);
	if (err)
		{
		LogMsg("SetSCPrefsBrowseDomain: mDNS_Register returned error %d", err);
		mDNSPlatformMemFree(ptr);
		}
	else
		{
		ptr->next = LocalDomainEnumRecords;
		LocalDomainEnumRecords = ptr;
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void DeregisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(mDNS *m, const domainname *d, int type)
	{
	ARListElem **ptr = &LocalDomainEnumRecords;
	domainname lhs; // left-hand side of PTR, for comparison

	debugf("Decrementing %s refcount for %##s",
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse         ) ? "browse domain   " :
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration   ) ? "registration dom" :
		(type == mDNS_DomainTypeBrowseAutomatic) ? "automatic browse" : "?", d->c);

	MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&lhs, mDNS_DomainTypeNames[type]);
	AppendDNSNameString            (&lhs, "local");

	while (*ptr)
		{
		if (SameDomainName(&(*ptr)->ar.resrec.rdata->u.name, d) && SameDomainName((*ptr)->ar.resrec.name, &lhs))
			{
			ARListElem *rem = *ptr;
			*ptr = (*ptr)->next;
			mDNS_Deregister(m, &rem->ar);
			return;
			}
		else ptr = &(*ptr)->next;
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void AddAutoBrowseDomain(const mDNSu32 uid, const domainname *const name)
	{
	DNameListElem *new = mDNSPlatformMemAllocate(sizeof(DNameListElem));
	if (!new) { LogMsg("ERROR: malloc"); return; }
	AssignDomainName(&new->name, name);
	new->uid = uid;
	new->next = AutoBrowseDomains;
	AutoBrowseDomains = new;
	udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed(new, mDNStrue);
	}

mDNSlocal void RmvAutoBrowseDomain(const mDNSu32 uid, const domainname *const name)
	{
	DNameListElem **p = &AutoBrowseDomains;
	while (*p && (!SameDomainName(&(*p)->name, name) || (*p)->uid != uid)) p = &(*p)->next;
	if (!*p) LogMsg("RmvAutoBrowseDomain: Got remove event for domain %##s not in list", name->c);
	else
		{
		DNameListElem *ptr = *p;
		*p = ptr->next;
		udsserver_automatic_browse_domain_changed(ptr, mDNSfalse);
		mDNSPlatformMemFree(ptr);
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void SetPrefsBrowseDomains(mDNS *m, DNameListElem *browseDomains, mDNSBool add)
	{
	DNameListElem *d;
	for (d = browseDomains; d; d = d->next)
		{
		if (add)
			{
			RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(m, &d->name, mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse);
			AddAutoBrowseDomain(d->uid, &d->name);
			}
		else
			{
			DeregisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(m, &d->name, mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse);
			RmvAutoBrowseDomain(d->uid, &d->name);
			}
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void UpdateDeviceInfoRecord(mDNS *const m)
	{
	int num_autoname = 0;
	request_state *req;
	for (req = all_requests; req; req = req->next)
		if (req->terminate == regservice_termination_callback && req->u.servicereg.autoname)
			num_autoname++;

	// If DeviceInfo record is currently registered, see if we need to deregister it
	if (m->DeviceInfo.resrec.RecordType != kDNSRecordTypeUnregistered)
		if (num_autoname == 0 || !SameDomainLabelCS(m->DeviceInfo.resrec.name->c, m->nicelabel.c))
			{
			LogOperation("UpdateDeviceInfoRecord Deregister %##s", m->DeviceInfo.resrec.name);
			mDNS_Deregister(m, &m->DeviceInfo);
			}

	// If DeviceInfo record is not currently registered, see if we need to register it
	if (m->DeviceInfo.resrec.RecordType == kDNSRecordTypeUnregistered)
		if (num_autoname > 0)
			{
			mDNSu8 len = m->HIHardware.c[0] < 255 - 6 ? m->HIHardware.c[0] : 255 - 6;
			mDNS_SetupResourceRecord(&m->DeviceInfo, mDNSNULL, mDNSNULL, kDNSType_TXT, kStandardTTL, kDNSRecordTypeAdvisory, AuthRecordAny, mDNSNULL, mDNSNULL);
			ConstructServiceName(&m->DeviceInfo.namestorage, &m->nicelabel, &DeviceInfoName, &localdomain);
			mDNSPlatformMemCopy(m->DeviceInfo.resrec.rdata->u.data + 1, "model=", 6);
			mDNSPlatformMemCopy(m->DeviceInfo.resrec.rdata->u.data + 7, m->HIHardware.c + 1, len);
			m->DeviceInfo.resrec.rdata->u.data[0] = 6 + len;	// "model=" plus the device string
			m->DeviceInfo.resrec.rdlength         = 7 + len;	// One extra for the length byte at the start of the string
			LogOperation("UpdateDeviceInfoRecord   Register %##s", m->DeviceInfo.resrec.name);
			mDNS_Register(m, &m->DeviceInfo);
			}
	}

mDNSexport void udsserver_handle_configchange(mDNS *const m)
	{
	request_state *req;
	service_instance *ptr;
	DNameListElem *RegDomains = NULL;
	DNameListElem *BrowseDomains = NULL;
	DNameListElem *p;

	UpdateDeviceInfoRecord(m);

	// For autoname services, see if the default service name has changed, necessitating an automatic update
	for (req = all_requests; req; req = req->next)
		if (req->terminate == regservice_termination_callback)
			if (req->u.servicereg.autoname && !SameDomainLabelCS(req->u.servicereg.name.c, m->nicelabel.c))
				{
				req->u.servicereg.name = m->nicelabel;
				for (ptr = req->u.servicereg.instances; ptr; ptr = ptr->next)
					{
					ptr->renameonmemfree = 1;
					if (ptr->clientnotified) SendServiceRemovalNotification(&ptr->srs);
					LogInfo("udsserver_handle_configchange: Calling deregister for Service %##s", ptr->srs.RR_PTR.resrec.name->c);
					if (mDNS_DeregisterService_drt(m, &ptr->srs, mDNS_Dereg_rapid))
						regservice_callback(m, &ptr->srs, mStatus_MemFree);	// If service deregistered already, we can re-register immediately
					}
				}

	// Let the platform layer get the current DNS information
	mDNS_Lock(m);
	mDNSPlatformSetDNSConfig(m, mDNSfalse, mDNSfalse, mDNSNULL, &RegDomains, &BrowseDomains);
	mDNS_Unlock(m);

	// Any automatic registration domains are also implicitly automatic browsing domains
	if (RegDomains) SetPrefsBrowseDomains(m, RegDomains, mDNStrue);								// Add the new list first
	if (AutoRegistrationDomains) SetPrefsBrowseDomains(m, AutoRegistrationDomains, mDNSfalse);	// Then clear the old list

	// Add any new domains not already in our AutoRegistrationDomains list
	for (p=RegDomains; p; p=p->next)
		{
		DNameListElem **pp = &AutoRegistrationDomains;
		while (*pp && ((*pp)->uid != p->uid || !SameDomainName(&(*pp)->name, &p->name))) pp = &(*pp)->next;
		if (!*pp)		// If not found in our existing list, this is a new default registration domain
			{
			RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(m, &p->name, mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration);
			udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed(p, mDNStrue);
			}
		else			// else found same domainname in both old and new lists, so no change, just delete old copy
			{
			DNameListElem *del = *pp;
			*pp = (*pp)->next;
			mDNSPlatformMemFree(del);
			}
		}

	// Delete any domains in our old AutoRegistrationDomains list that are now gone
	while (AutoRegistrationDomains)
		{
		DNameListElem *del = AutoRegistrationDomains;
		AutoRegistrationDomains = AutoRegistrationDomains->next;		// Cut record from list FIRST,
		DeregisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(m, &del->name, mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration);
		udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed(del, mDNSfalse);			// before calling udsserver_default_reg_domain_changed()
		mDNSPlatformMemFree(del);
		}

	// Now we have our new updated automatic registration domain list
	AutoRegistrationDomains = RegDomains;

	// Add new browse domains to internal list
	if (BrowseDomains) SetPrefsBrowseDomains(m, BrowseDomains, mDNStrue);

	// Remove old browse domains from internal list
	if (SCPrefBrowseDomains)
		{
		SetPrefsBrowseDomains(m, SCPrefBrowseDomains, mDNSfalse);
		while (SCPrefBrowseDomains)
			{
			DNameListElem *fptr = SCPrefBrowseDomains;
			SCPrefBrowseDomains = SCPrefBrowseDomains->next;
			mDNSPlatformMemFree(fptr);
			}
		}

	// Replace the old browse domains array with the new array
	SCPrefBrowseDomains = BrowseDomains;
	}

mDNSlocal void AutomaticBrowseDomainChange(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *q, const ResourceRecord *const answer, QC_result AddRecord)
	{
	(void)m; // unused;
	(void)q; // unused

	LogOperation("AutomaticBrowseDomainChange: %s automatic browse domain %##s",
		AddRecord ? "Adding" : "Removing", answer->rdata->u.name.c);

	if (AddRecord) AddAutoBrowseDomain(0, &answer->rdata->u.name);
	else           RmvAutoBrowseDomain(0, &answer->rdata->u.name);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_browse_request(request_state *request)
	{
	char regtype[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME], domain[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	domainname typedn, d, temp;
	mDNSs32 NumSubTypes;
	mStatus err = mStatus_NoError;

	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, regtype, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, domain, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceBrowse(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (domain[0] == '\0') uDNS_SetupSearchDomains(&mDNSStorage, UDNS_START_WAB_QUERY);

	request->flags = flags;
	typedn.c[0] = 0;
	NumSubTypes = ChopSubTypes(regtype);	// Note: Modifies regtype string to remove trailing subtypes
	if (NumSubTypes < 0 || NumSubTypes > 1) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
	if (NumSubTypes == 1 && !AppendDNSNameString(&typedn, regtype + strlen(regtype) + 1)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (!regtype[0] || !AppendDNSNameString(&typedn, regtype)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&temp, regtype)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
	// For over-long service types, we only allow domain "local"
	if (temp.c[0] > 15 && domain[0] == 0) mDNSPlatformStrCopy(domain, "local.");

	// Set up browser info
	request->u.browser.ForceMCast = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForceMulticast) != 0;
	request->u.browser.interface_id = InterfaceID;
	AssignDomainName(&request->u.browser.regtype, &typedn);
	request->u.browser.default_domain = !domain[0];
	request->u.browser.browsers = NULL;

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceBrowse(%X, %d, \"%##s\", \"%s\") START", 
			request->sd, request->flags, interfaceIndex, request->u.browser.regtype.c, domain);

	// We need to unconditionally set request->terminate, because even if we didn't successfully
	// start any browses right now, subsequent configuration changes may cause successful
	// browses to be added, and we'll need to cancel them before freeing this memory.
	request->terminate = browse_termination_callback;

	if (domain[0])
		{
		if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&d, domain)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
		err = add_domain_to_browser(request, &d);
#if 0
		err = AuthorizedDomain(request, &d, AutoBrowseDomains) ? add_domain_to_browser(request, &d) : mStatus_NoError;
#endif
		}
	else
		{
		DNameListElem *sdom;
		for (sdom = AutoBrowseDomains; sdom; sdom = sdom->next)
			if (!sdom->uid || SystemUID(request->uid) || request->uid == sdom->uid)
				{
				err = add_domain_to_browser(request, &sdom->name);
				if (err)
					{
					if (SameDomainName(&sdom->name, &localdomain)) break;
					else err = mStatus_NoError;  // suppress errors for non-local "default" domains
					}
				}
		}

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceResolve
#endif

mDNSlocal void resolve_result_callback(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *question, const ResourceRecord *const answer, QC_result AddRecord)
	{
	size_t len = 0;
	char fullname[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME], target[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	char *data;
	reply_state *rep;
	request_state *req = question->QuestionContext;
	(void)m; // Unused

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceResolve(%##s) %s %s", req->sd, question->qname.c, AddRecord ? "ADD" : "RMV", RRDisplayString(m, answer));

	if (!AddRecord)
		{
		if (req->u.resolve.srv == answer) req->u.resolve.srv = mDNSNULL;
		if (req->u.resolve.txt == answer) req->u.resolve.txt = mDNSNULL;
		return;
		}

	if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_SRV) req->u.resolve.srv = answer;
	if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_TXT) req->u.resolve.txt = answer;

	if (!req->u.resolve.txt || !req->u.resolve.srv) return;		// only deliver result to client if we have both answers

	ConvertDomainNameToCString(answer->name, fullname);
	ConvertDomainNameToCString(&req->u.resolve.srv->rdata->u.srv.target, target);

	// calculate reply length
	len += sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
	len += sizeof(mDNSu32);  // interface index
	len += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
	len += strlen(fullname) + 1;
	len += strlen(target) + 1;
	len += 2 * sizeof(mDNSu16);  // port, txtLen
	len += req->u.resolve.txt->rdlength;

	// allocate/init reply header
	rep = create_reply(resolve_reply_op, len, req);
	rep->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(0);
	rep->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(m, answer->InterfaceID, mDNSfalse));
	rep->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(kDNSServiceErr_NoError);

	data = (char *)&rep->rhdr[1];

	// write reply data to message
	put_string(fullname, &data);
	put_string(target, &data);
	*data++ =  req->u.resolve.srv->rdata->u.srv.port.b[0];
	*data++ =  req->u.resolve.srv->rdata->u.srv.port.b[1];
	put_uint16(req->u.resolve.txt->rdlength, &data);
	put_rdata (req->u.resolve.txt->rdlength, req->u.resolve.txt->rdata->u.data, &data);

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceResolve(%s) RESULT   %s:%d", req->sd, fullname, target, mDNSVal16(req->u.resolve.srv->rdata->u.srv.port));
	append_reply(req, rep);
	}

mDNSlocal void resolve_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceResolve(%##s) STOP", request->sd, request->u.resolve.qtxt.qname.c);
	mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.resolve.qtxt);
	mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.resolve.qsrv);
	if (request->u.resolve.external_advertise) external_stop_resolving_service(&request->u.resolve.qsrv.qname);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_resolve_request(request_state *request)
	{
	char name[256], regtype[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME], domain[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	domainname fqdn;
	mStatus err;

	// extract the data from the message
	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID;
	mDNSBool wasP2P = (interfaceIndex == kDNSServiceInterfaceIndexP2P);
	
	
	request->flags = flags;
	if (wasP2P) interfaceIndex = kDNSServiceInterfaceIndexAny;
	
	InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_resolve_request bad interfaceIndex %d", interfaceIndex); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, name, 256) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, regtype, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0 ||
		get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, domain, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_resolve_request - Couldn't read name/regtype/domain"); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceResolve(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (build_domainname_from_strings(&fqdn, name, regtype, domain) < 0)
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_resolve_request bad “%s” “%s” “%s”", name, regtype, domain); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	mDNSPlatformMemZero(&request->u.resolve, sizeof(request->u.resolve));

	// format questions
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.InterfaceID      = InterfaceID;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.Target           = zeroAddr;
	AssignDomainName(&request->u.resolve.qsrv.qname, &fqdn);
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.qtype            = kDNSType_SRV;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.qclass           = kDNSClass_IN;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.LongLived        = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsLongLivedQuery     ) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.ExpectUnique     = mDNStrue;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.ForceMCast       = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForceMulticast     ) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.ReturnIntermed   = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsReturnIntermediates) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.SuppressUnusable = mDNSfalse;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.SearchListIndex  = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.AppendSearchDomains = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.RetryWithSearchDomains = mDNSfalse;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.TimeoutQuestion  = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.WakeOnResolve    = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsWakeOnResolve) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.qnameOrig        = mDNSNULL;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.QuestionCallback = resolve_result_callback;
	request->u.resolve.qsrv.QuestionContext  = request;

	request->u.resolve.qtxt.InterfaceID      = InterfaceID;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.Target           = zeroAddr;
	AssignDomainName(&request->u.resolve.qtxt.qname, &fqdn);
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.qtype            = kDNSType_TXT;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.qclass           = kDNSClass_IN;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.LongLived        = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsLongLivedQuery     ) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.ExpectUnique     = mDNStrue;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.ForceMCast       = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForceMulticast     ) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.ReturnIntermed   = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsReturnIntermediates) != 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.SuppressUnusable = mDNSfalse;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.SearchListIndex  = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.AppendSearchDomains = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.RetryWithSearchDomains = mDNSfalse;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.TimeoutQuestion  = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.WakeOnResolve    = 0;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.qnameOrig        = mDNSNULL;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.QuestionCallback = resolve_result_callback;
	request->u.resolve.qtxt.QuestionContext  = request;

	request->u.resolve.ReportTime            = NonZeroTime(mDNS_TimeNow(&mDNSStorage) + 130 * mDNSPlatformOneSecond);

	request->u.resolve.external_advertise    = mDNSfalse;

#if 0
	if (!AuthorizedDomain(request, &fqdn, AutoBrowseDomains))	return(mStatus_NoError);
#endif

	// ask the questions
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceResolve(%##s) START", request->sd, request->u.resolve.qsrv.qname.c);
	err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.resolve.qsrv);
	if (!err)
		{
		err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.resolve.qtxt);
		if (err) mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.resolve.qsrv);
		else
			{
			request->terminate = resolve_termination_callback;
			// If the user explicitly passed in P2P, we don't restrict the domain in which we resolve.
			if (wasP2P || (!InterfaceID && IsLocalDomain(&fqdn) && (request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
				{ 
				request->u.resolve.external_advertise    = mDNStrue;
				LogInfo("handle_resolve_request: calling external_start_resolving_service()");
				external_start_resolving_service(&fqdn);
				}
			}
		}

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceQueryRecord
#endif

// mDNS operation functions. Each operation has 3 associated functions - a request handler that parses
// the client's request and makes the appropriate mDNSCore call, a result handler (passed as a callback
// to the mDNSCore routine) that sends results back to the client, and a termination routine that aborts
// the mDNSCore operation if the client dies or closes its socket.

// Returns -1 to tell the caller that it should not try to reissue the query anymore 
// Returns 1 on successfully appending a search domain and the caller should reissue the new query
// Returns 0 when there are no more search domains and the caller should reissue the query
mDNSlocal int AppendNewSearchDomain(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *question)
	{
	domainname *sd;
	mStatus err;

	// Sanity check: The caller already checks this. We use -1 to indicate that we have searched all
	// the domains and should try the single label query directly on the wire. 
	if (question->SearchListIndex == -1)
		{
		LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: question %##s (%s) SearchListIndex is -1", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
		return -1;
		}

	if (!question->AppendSearchDomains)
		{
		LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: question %##s (%s) AppendSearchDoamins is 0", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
		return -1;
		}

	// Save the original name, before we modify them below.
	if (!question->qnameOrig)
		{
		question->qnameOrig =  mallocL("AppendNewSearchDomain", sizeof(domainname));
		if (!question->qnameOrig) { LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: ERROR!!  malloc failure"); return -1; }
		question->qnameOrig->c[0] = 0;
		AssignDomainName(question->qnameOrig, &question->qname);
		LogInfo("AppendSearchDomain: qnameOrig %##s", question->qnameOrig->c);
		}

	sd = uDNS_GetNextSearchDomain(m, question->InterfaceID, &question->SearchListIndex, !question->AppendLocalSearchDomains);
	// We use -1 to indicate that we have searched all the domains and should try the single label
	// query directly on the wire. uDNS_GetNextSearchDomain should never return a negative value
	if (question->SearchListIndex == -1)
		{
		LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: ERROR!! uDNS_GetNextSearchDomain returned -1");
		return -1;
		}

	// Not a common case. Perhaps, we should try the next search domain if it exceeds ?
	if (sd && (DomainNameLength(question->qnameOrig) + DomainNameLength(sd)) > MAX_DOMAIN_NAME)
		{
		LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: ERROR!! exceeding max domain length for %##s (%s) SearchDomain %##s length %d, Question name length %d", question->qnameOrig->c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), sd->c, DomainNameLength(question->qnameOrig), DomainNameLength(sd));
		return -1;
		}

	// if there are no more search domains and we have already tried this question
	// without appending search domains, then we are done.
	if (!sd && !ApplySearchDomainsFirst(question))
		{
		LogInfo("AppnedNewSearchDomain: No more search domains for question with name %##s (%s), not trying anymore", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
		return -1;
		}

	// Stop the question before changing the name as negative cache entries could be pointing at this question.
	// Even if we don't change the question in the case of returning 0, the caller is going to restart the
	// question.
	err = mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, question);
	if (err) { LogMsg("AppendNewSearchDomain: ERROR!! %##s %s mDNS_StopQuery: %d, while retrying with search domains", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), (int)err); }

	AssignDomainName(&question->qname, question->qnameOrig);
	if (sd)
		{
		AppendDomainName(&question->qname, sd);
		LogInfo("AppnedNewSearchDomain: Returning question with name %##s, SearchListIndex %d", question->qname.c, question->SearchListIndex);
		return 1;
		}

	// Try the question as single label
	LogInfo("AppnedNewSearchDomain: No more search domains for question with name %##s (%s), trying one last time", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
	return 0;
	}

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

mDNSlocal mDNSBool DomainInSearchList(domainname *domain)
	{
	const SearchListElem *s;
 	for (s=SearchList; s; s=s->next)
		if (SameDomainName(&s->domain, domain)) return mDNStrue;
	return mDNSfalse;
	}

// Workaround for networks using Microsoft Active Directory using "local" as a private internal
// top-level domain
mDNSlocal mStatus SendAdditionalQuery(DNSQuestion *q, request_state *request, mStatus err)
	{
	extern domainname ActiveDirectoryPrimaryDomain;
	DNSQuestion **question2;
	#define VALID_MSAD_SRV_TRANSPORT(T) (SameDomainLabel((T)->c, (const mDNSu8 *)"\x4_tcp") || SameDomainLabel((T)->c, (const mDNSu8 *)"\x4_udp"))
	#define VALID_MSAD_SRV(Q) ((Q)->qtype == kDNSType_SRV && VALID_MSAD_SRV_TRANSPORT(SecondLabel(&(Q)->qname)))

	question2 = mDNSNULL;
	if (request->hdr.op == query_request)
		question2 = &request->u.queryrecord.q2;
	else if (request->hdr.op == addrinfo_request)
		{
		if (q->qtype == kDNSType_A)
			question2 = &request->u.addrinfo.q42;
		else if (q->qtype == kDNSType_AAAA)
			question2 = &request->u.addrinfo.q62;
		}
	if (!question2)
		{
		LogMsg("SendAdditionalQuery: question2 NULL for %##s (%s)", q->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q->qtype));
		return mStatus_BadParamErr;
		}

	// Sanity check: If we already sent an additonal query, we don't need to send one more.
	//
	// 1. When the application calls DNSServiceQueryRecord or DNSServiceGetAddrInfo with a .local name, this function
	// is called to see whether a unicast query should be sent or not.
	//
	// 2. As a result of appending search domains, the question may be end up with a .local suffix even though it
	// was not a .local name to start with. In that case, queryrecord_result_callback calls this function to
	// send the additional query.
	//
	// Thus, it should not be called more than once.
	if (*question2)
		{
		LogInfo("SendAdditionalQuery: question2 already sent for %##s (%s), no more q2", q->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q->qtype));
		return err;
		}

	if (!q->ForceMCast && SameDomainLabel(LastLabel(&q->qname), (const mDNSu8 *)&localdomain))
		if (q->qtype == kDNSType_A || q->qtype == kDNSType_AAAA || VALID_MSAD_SRV(q))
			{
			DNSQuestion *q2;
			int labels = CountLabels(&q->qname);
			q2 = mallocL("DNSQuestion", sizeof(DNSQuestion));
			if (!q2) FatalError("ERROR: SendAdditionalQuery malloc");
			*question2        = q2;
			*q2               = *q;
			q2->InterfaceID   = mDNSInterface_Unicast;
			q2->ExpectUnique  = mDNStrue;
			// If the query starts as a single label e.g., somehost, and we have search domains with .local,
			// queryrecord_result_callback calls this function when .local is appended to "somehost".
			// At that time, the name in "q" is pointing at somehost.local and its qnameOrig pointing at
			// "somehost". We need to copy that information so that when we retry with a different search
			// domain e.g., mycompany.local, we get "somehost.mycompany.local".
			if (q->qnameOrig)
				{
				(*question2)->qnameOrig =  mallocL("SendAdditionalQuery", DomainNameLength(q->qnameOrig));
				if (!(*question2)->qnameOrig) { LogMsg("SendAdditionalQuery: ERROR!!  malloc failure"); return mStatus_NoMemoryErr; }
				(*question2)->qnameOrig->c[0] = 0;
				AssignDomainName((*question2)->qnameOrig, q->qnameOrig);
				LogInfo("SendAdditionalQuery: qnameOrig %##s", (*question2)->qnameOrig->c);
				}
			// For names of the form "<one-or-more-labels>.bar.local." we always do a second unicast query in parallel.
			// For names of the form "<one-label>.local." it's less clear whether we should do a unicast query.
			// If the name being queried is exactly the same as the name in the DHCP "domain" option (e.g. the DHCP
			// "domain" is my-small-company.local, and the user types "my-small-company.local" into their web browser)
			// then that's a hint that it's worth doing a unicast query. Otherwise, we first check to see if the
			// site's DNS server claims there's an SOA record for "local", and if so, that's also a hint that queries
			// for names in the "local" domain will be safely answered privately before they hit the root name servers.
			// Note that in the "my-small-company.local" example above there will typically be an SOA record for
			// "my-small-company.local" but *not* for "local", which is why the "local SOA" check would fail in that case.
			// We need to check against both ActiveDirectoryPrimaryDomain and SearchList. If it matches against either
			// of those, we don't want do the SOA check for the local
			if (labels == 2 && !SameDomainName(&q->qname, &ActiveDirectoryPrimaryDomain) && !DomainInSearchList(&q->qname))
				{
				AssignDomainName(&q2->qname, &localdomain);
				q2->qtype          = kDNSType_SOA;
				q2->LongLived      = mDNSfalse;
				q2->ForceMCast     = mDNSfalse;
				q2->ReturnIntermed = mDNStrue;
				// Don't append search domains for the .local SOA query
				q2->AppendSearchDomains = 0;
				q2->AppendLocalSearchDomains = 0;
				q2->RetryWithSearchDomains = mDNSfalse;
				q2->SearchListIndex = 0;
				q2->TimeoutQuestion = 0;
				}
			LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceQueryRecord(%##s, %s) unicast", request->sd, q2->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q2->qtype));
			err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, q2);
			if (err) LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: DNSServiceQueryRecord %##s %s mDNS_StartQuery: %d", request->sd, q2->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q2->qtype), (int)err);
			}
	return(err);
	}
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

// This function tries to append a search domain if valid and possible. If so, returns true.
mDNSlocal mDNSBool RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *question, request_state *req)
	{
	int result;
	// RetryWithSearchDomains tells the core to call us back so that we can retry with search domains if there is no
	// answer in the cache or /etc/hosts. In the first call back from the core, we clear RetryWithSearchDomains so
	// that we don't get called back repeatedly. If we got an answer from the cache or /etc/hosts, we don't touch
	// RetryWithSearchDomains which may or may not be set.
	//
	// If we get e.g., NXDOMAIN and the query is neither suppressed nor exhausted the domain search list and
	// is a valid question for appending search domains, retry by appending domains

	if (!question->SuppressQuery && question->SearchListIndex != -1 && question->AppendSearchDomains)
		{
		question->RetryWithSearchDomains = 0;
		result = AppendNewSearchDomain(m, question);
		// As long as the result is either zero or 1, we retry the question. If we exahaust the search
		// domains (result is zero) we try the original query (as it was before appending the search
		// domains) as such on the wire as a last resort if we have not tried them before. For queries
		// with more than one label, we have already tried them before appending search domains and
		// hence don't retry again
		if (result != -1)
			{
			mStatus err;
			err = mDNS_StartQuery(m, question);
			if (!err)
				{
				LogOperation("%3d: RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains(%##s, %s), retrying after appending search domain", req->sd, question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
				// If the result was zero, it meant that there are no search domains and we just retried the question
				// as a single label and we should not retry with search domains anymore.
				if (!result) question->SearchListIndex = -1;
				return mDNStrue;
				}
			else
				{
				LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains %##s %s mDNS_StartQuery: %d, while retrying with search domains", req->sd, question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), (int)err);
				// We have already stopped the query and could not restart. Reset the appropriate pointers
				// so that we don't call stop again when the question terminates
				question->QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
				}
			}
		}
	else 
		{
		LogInfo("%3d: RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains: Not appending search domains - SuppressQuery %d, SearchListIndex %d, AppendSearchDomains %d", req->sd, question->SuppressQuery, question->SearchListIndex, question->AppendSearchDomains);
		}
	return mDNSfalse;
	}

mDNSlocal void queryrecord_result_callback(mDNS *const m, DNSQuestion *question, const ResourceRecord *const answer, QC_result AddRecord)
	{
	char name[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	request_state *req = question->QuestionContext;
	reply_state *rep;
	char *data;
	size_t len;
	DNSServiceErrorType error = kDNSServiceErr_NoError;
	DNSQuestion *q = mDNSNULL;

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	{
	// Sanity check: QuestionContext is set to NULL after we stop the question and hence we should not
	// get any callbacks from the core after this.
	if (!req)
		{
		LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback: ERROR!! QuestionContext NULL for %##s (%s)", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
		return;
		}
	if (req->hdr.op == query_request && question == req->u.queryrecord.q2)
		q = &req->u.queryrecord.q;
	else if (req->hdr.op == addrinfo_request && question == req->u.addrinfo.q42)
		q = &req->u.addrinfo.q4;
	else if (req->hdr.op == addrinfo_request && question == req->u.addrinfo.q62)
		q = &req->u.addrinfo.q6;
	
	if (q && question->qtype != q->qtype && !SameDomainName(&question->qname, &q->qname))
		{
		mStatus err;
		domainname *orig = question->qnameOrig;

		LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback: Stopping q2 local %##s", question->qname.c);
		mDNS_StopQuery(m, question);
		question->QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;

		// We got a negative response for the SOA record indicating that .local does not exist.
		// But we might have other search domains (that does not end in .local) that can be
		// appended to this question. In that case, we want to retry the question. Otherwise,
		// we don't want to try this question as unicast.
		if (answer->RecordType == kDNSRecordTypePacketNegative && !q->AppendSearchDomains)
			{
			LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback: question %##s AppendSearchDomains zero", q->qname.c);
			return;
			}

		// If we got a non-negative answer for our "local SOA" test query, start an additional parallel unicast query
		//
		// Note: When we copy the original question, we copy everything including the AppendSearchDomains,
		// RetryWithSearchDomains except for qnameOrig which can be non-NULL if the original question is
		// e.g., somehost and then we appended e.g., ".local" and retried that question. See comment in
		// SendAdditionalQuery as to how qnameOrig gets initialized.
		*question              = *q;
		question->InterfaceID  = mDNSInterface_Unicast;
		question->ExpectUnique = mDNStrue;
		question->qnameOrig    = orig;

		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceQueryRecord(%##s, %s) unicast, context %p", req->sd, question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), question->QuestionContext);

		// If the original question timed out, its QuestionContext would already be set to NULL and that's what we copied above.
		// Hence, we need to set it explicitly here.
		question->QuestionContext = req;
		err = mDNS_StartQuery(m, question);
		if (err) LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: queryrecord_result_callback %##s %s mDNS_StartQuery: %d", req->sd, question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), (int)err);

		// If we got a positive response to local SOA, then try the .local question as unicast
		if (answer->RecordType != kDNSRecordTypePacketNegative) return;

		// Fall through and get the next search domain. The question is pointing at .local
		// and we don't want to try that. Try the next search domain. Don't try with local
		// search domains for the unicast question anymore.
		//
		// Note: we started the question above which will be stopped immediately (never sent on the wire)
		// before we pick the next search domain below. RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains assumes that the
		// question has already started.
		question->AppendLocalSearchDomains = 0;
		}

	if (q && AddRecord && (question->InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_Unicast) && !answer->rdlength)
		{
		// If we get a negative response to the unicast query that we sent above, retry after appending search domains
		// Note: We could have appended search domains below (where do it for regular unicast questions) instead of doing it here. 
		// As we ignore negative unicast answers below, we would never reach the code where the search domains are appended.
		// To keep things simple, we handle unicast ".local" separately here.
		LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback: Retrying .local question %##s (%s) as unicast after appending search domains", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
		if (RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains(m, question, req))
			return;
		if (question->AppendSearchDomains && !question->AppendLocalSearchDomains && IsLocalDomain(&question->qname))
			{
			// If "local" is the last search domain, we need to stop the question so that we don't send the "local"
			// question on the wire as we got a negative response for the local SOA. But, we can't stop the question
			// yet as we may have to timeout the question (done by the "core") for which we need to leave the question
			// in the list. We leave it disabled so that it does not hit the wire.
			LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback: Disabling .local question %##s (%s)", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
			question->ThisQInterval = 0;
			}
		}
	// If we are here it means that either "question" is not "q2" OR we got a positive response for "q2" OR we have no more search
	// domains to append for "q2". In all cases, fall through and deliver the response
	}
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	if (answer->RecordType == kDNSRecordTypePacketNegative)
		{
		// If this question needs to be timed out and we have reached the stop time, mark
		// the error as timeout. It is possible that we might get a negative response from an
		// external DNS server at the same time when this question reaches its stop time. We
		// can't tell the difference as there is no indication in the callback. This should
		// be okay as we will be timing out this query anyway.
		mDNS_Lock(m);
		if (question->TimeoutQuestion)
			{
			if ((m->timenow - question->StopTime) >= 0)
				{
				LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback:Question %##s (%s) timing out, InterfaceID %p", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), question->InterfaceID);
				error = kDNSServiceErr_Timeout;
				}
			}
		mDNS_Unlock(m);
		// When we're doing parallel unicast and multicast queries for dot-local names (for supporting Microsoft
		// Active Directory sites) we need to ignore negative unicast answers. Otherwise we'll generate negative
		// answers for just about every single multicast name we ever look up, since the Microsoft Active Directory
		// server is going to assert that pretty much every single multicast name doesn't exist.
		//
		// If we are timing out this query, we need to deliver the negative answer to the application
		if (error != kDNSServiceErr_Timeout)
			{
			if (!answer->InterfaceID && IsLocalDomain(answer->name))
				{
				LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback:Question %##s (%s) answering local with unicast", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
				return;
				}
			error = kDNSServiceErr_NoSuchRecord;
			}
		AddRecord = mDNStrue;
		}
	// If we get a negative answer, try appending search domains. Don't append search domains
	// - if we are timing out this question
	// - if the negative response was received as a result of a multicast query
	// - if this is an additional query (q2), we already appended search domains above (indicated by "!q" below)
	if (error != kDNSServiceErr_Timeout)
		{
		if (!q && !answer->InterfaceID && !answer->rdlength && AddRecord)
			{
			// If the original question did not end in .local, we did not send an SOA query
			// to figure out whether we should send an additional unicast query or not. If we just
			// appended .local, we need to see if we need to send an additional query. This should
			// normally happen just once because after we append .local, we ignore all negative
			// responses for .local above.
			LogInfo("queryrecord_result_callback: Retrying question %##s (%s) after appending search domains", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype));
			if (RetryQuestionWithSearchDomains(m, question, req))
				{
				// Note: We need to call SendAdditionalQuery every time after appending a search domain as .local could
				// be anywhere in the search domain list.
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
				mStatus err = mStatus_NoError;
				err = SendAdditionalQuery(question, req, err);
				if (err) LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback: Sending .local SOA query failed, after appending domains");
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
				return;
				}
			}
		}

	ConvertDomainNameToCString(answer->name, name);

	LogOperation("%3d: %s(%##s, %s) %s %s", req->sd,
		req->hdr.op == query_request ? "DNSServiceQueryRecord" : "DNSServiceGetAddrInfo",
		question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), AddRecord ? "ADD" : "RMV", RRDisplayString(m, answer));

	len = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);	// calculate reply data length
	len += sizeof(mDNSu32);		// interface index
	len += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
	len += strlen(name) + 1;
	len += 3 * sizeof(mDNSu16);	// type, class, rdlen
	len += answer->rdlength;
	len += sizeof(mDNSu32);		// TTL

	rep = create_reply(req->hdr.op == query_request ? query_reply_op : addrinfo_reply_op, len, req);

	rep->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(AddRecord ? kDNSServiceFlagsAdd : 0);
	// Call mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID, but suppressNetworkChange (last argument). Otherwise, if the
	// InterfaceID is not valid, then it simulates a "NetworkChanged" which in turn makes questions
	// to be stopped and started including  *this* one. Normally the InterfaceID is valid. But when we
	// are using the /etc/hosts entries to answer a question, the InterfaceID may not be known to the
	// mDNS core . Eventually, we should remove the calls to "NetworkChanged" in
	// mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID when it can't find InterfaceID as ResourceRecords
	// should not have existed to answer this question if the corresponding interface is not valid.
	rep->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(m, answer->InterfaceID, mDNStrue));
	rep->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(error);

	data = (char *)&rep->rhdr[1];

	put_string(name,             &data);
	put_uint16(answer->rrtype,   &data);
	put_uint16(answer->rrclass,  &data);
	put_uint16(answer->rdlength, &data);
	// We need to use putRData here instead of the crude put_rdata function, because the crude put_rdata
	// function just does a blind memory copy without regard to structures that may have holes in them.
	if (answer->rdlength)
		if (!putRData(mDNSNULL, (mDNSu8 *)data, (mDNSu8 *)rep->rhdr + len, answer))
			LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback putRData failed %d", (mDNSu8 *)rep->rhdr + len - (mDNSu8 *)data);
	data += answer->rdlength;
	put_uint32(AddRecord ? answer->rroriginalttl : 0, &data);

	append_reply(req, rep);
	// Stop the question, if we just timed out
	if (error == kDNSServiceErr_Timeout)
		{
		mDNS_StopQuery(m, question);
		// Reset the pointers so that we don't call stop on termination
		question->QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
		}
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
#if ! NO_WCF
	CHECK_WCF_FUNCTION(WCFIsServerRunning)
		{
		struct xucred x;
		socklen_t xucredlen = sizeof(x);
	
		if (WCFIsServerRunning((WCFConnection *)m->WCF) && answer->rdlength != 0)
			{
			if (getsockopt(req->sd, 0, LOCAL_PEERCRED, &x, &xucredlen) >= 0 &&
				(x.cr_version == XUCRED_VERSION))
				{
				struct sockaddr_storage addr;
				const RDataBody2 *const rdb = (RDataBody2 *)answer->rdata->u.data;
				addr.ss_len = 0;
				if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_A || answer->rrtype == kDNSType_AAAA)
					{
					if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_A)
						{
						struct sockaddr_in *sin = (struct sockaddr_in *)&addr;
						sin->sin_port = 0;
						if (!putRData(mDNSNULL, (mDNSu8 *)&sin->sin_addr, (mDNSu8 *)(&sin->sin_addr + sizeof(rdb->ipv4)), answer))
							LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback: WCF AF_INET putRData failed");
						else
							{
							addr.ss_len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
							addr.ss_family = AF_INET;
							}
						}
					else if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_AAAA)
						{
						struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&addr;
						sin6->sin6_port = 0;
						if (!putRData(mDNSNULL, (mDNSu8 *)&sin6->sin6_addr, (mDNSu8 *)(&sin6->sin6_addr + sizeof(rdb->ipv6)), answer))
							LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback: WCF AF_INET6 putRData failed");
						else
							{
							addr.ss_len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in6);
							addr.ss_family = AF_INET6;
							}
						}
					if (addr.ss_len)
						{	
						debugf("queryrecord_result_callback: Name %s, uid %u, addr length %d", name, x.cr_uid, addr.ss_len);
						CHECK_WCF_FUNCTION((WCFConnection *)WCFNameResolvesToAddr)
							{
							WCFNameResolvesToAddr(m->WCF, name, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, x.cr_uid);
							}
						}
					}
				else if (answer->rrtype == kDNSType_CNAME)
					{
					domainname cname;
					char cname_cstr[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
					if (!putRData(mDNSNULL, cname.c, (mDNSu8 *)(cname.c + MAX_DOMAIN_NAME), answer))
							LogMsg("queryrecord_result_callback: WCF CNAME putRData failed");
					else
						{
						ConvertDomainNameToCString(&cname, cname_cstr);
						CHECK_WCF_FUNCTION((WCFConnection *)WCFNameResolvesToAddr)
							{
							WCFNameResolvesToName(m->WCF, name, cname_cstr, x.cr_uid);
							}
						}
					}
				}
			else my_perror("queryrecord_result_callback: ERROR: getsockopt LOCAL_PEERCRED");
			}
		}
#endif
#endif
	}

mDNSlocal void queryrecord_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceQueryRecord(%##s, %s) STOP",
		request->sd, request->u.queryrecord.q.qname.c, DNSTypeName(request->u.queryrecord.q.qtype));
	if (request->u.queryrecord.q.QuestionContext)
		{
		mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.queryrecord.q);  // no need to error check
		request->u.queryrecord.q.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
		}
	else
		{
		DNSQuestion *question = &request->u.queryrecord.q;
		LogInfo("queryrecord_termination_callback: question %##s (%s) already stopped, InterfaceID %p", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), question->InterfaceID);
		}

	if (request->u.queryrecord.q.qnameOrig)
		{
		freeL("QueryTermination", request->u.queryrecord.q.qnameOrig);
		request->u.queryrecord.q.qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
		}
	if (request->u.queryrecord.q.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!request->u.queryrecord.q.InterfaceID && SameDomainName((const domainname *)LastLabel(&request->u.queryrecord.q.qname), &localdomain) && (request->flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
		{
		LogInfo("queryrecord_termination_callback: calling external_stop_browsing_for_service()");
		external_stop_browsing_for_service(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.queryrecord.q.qname, request->u.queryrecord.q.qtype);
		}
  	if (request->u.queryrecord.q2)
  		{
 		if (request->u.queryrecord.q2->QuestionContext)
 			{
 			LogInfo("queryrecord_termination_callback: Stopping q2 %##s", request->u.queryrecord.q2->qname.c);
 			mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, request->u.queryrecord.q2);
 			}
		else 
			{
			DNSQuestion *question = request->u.queryrecord.q2;
			LogInfo("queryrecord_termination_callback: q2 %##s (%s) already stopped, InterfaceID %p", question->qname.c, DNSTypeName(question->qtype), question->InterfaceID);
			}
 		if (request->u.queryrecord.q2->qnameOrig)
 			{
 			LogInfo("queryrecord_termination_callback: freeing q2 qnameOrig %##s", request->u.queryrecord.q2->qnameOrig->c);
 			freeL("QueryTermination q2", request->u.queryrecord.q2->qnameOrig);
 			request->u.queryrecord.q2->qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
 			}
  		freeL("queryrecord Q2", request->u.queryrecord.q2);
  		request->u.queryrecord.q2 = mDNSNULL;
  		}
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_queryrecord_request(request_state *request)
	{
	DNSQuestion *const q = &request->u.queryrecord.q;
	char name[256];
	mDNSu16 rrtype, rrclass;
	mStatus err;

	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, name, 256) < 0) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
	rrtype  = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	rrclass = get_uint16(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);

	if (!request->msgptr)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceQueryRecord(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	request->flags = flags;
	mDNSPlatformMemZero(&request->u.queryrecord, sizeof(request->u.queryrecord));

	q->InterfaceID      = InterfaceID;
	q->Target           = zeroAddr;
	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&q->qname, name)) 			return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
#if 0
	if (!AuthorizedDomain(request, &q->qname, AutoBrowseDomains))	return (mStatus_NoError);
#endif
	q->qtype            = rrtype;
	q->qclass           = rrclass;
	q->LongLived        = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsLongLivedQuery     ) != 0;
	q->ExpectUnique     = mDNSfalse;
	q->ForceMCast       = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForceMulticast     ) != 0;
	q->ReturnIntermed   = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsReturnIntermediates) != 0;
	q->SuppressUnusable = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsSuppressUnusable   ) != 0;
	q->TimeoutQuestion  = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsTimeout            ) != 0;
	q->WakeOnResolve    = 0;
	q->QuestionCallback = queryrecord_result_callback;
	q->QuestionContext  = request;
	q->SearchListIndex  = 0;

	// Don't append search domains for fully qualified domain names including queries
	// such as e.g., "abc." that has only one label. We convert all names to FQDNs as internally
	// we only deal with FQDNs. Hence, we cannot look at qname to figure out whether we should
	// append search domains or not.  So, we record that information in AppendSearchDomains.
	//
	// We append search domains only for queries that are a single label. If overriden using
	// command line argument "AlwaysAppendSearchDomains", then we do it for any query which
	// is not fully qualified.

	if ((rrtype == kDNSType_A || rrtype == kDNSType_AAAA) && name[strlen(name) - 1] != '.' &&
		(AlwaysAppendSearchDomains || CountLabels(&q->qname) == 1))
		{
		q->AppendSearchDomains = 1;
		q->AppendLocalSearchDomains = 1;
		}
	else
		{
		q->AppendSearchDomains = 0;
		q->AppendLocalSearchDomains = 0;
		}

	// For single label queries that are not fully qualified, look at /etc/hosts, cache and try
	// search domains before trying them on the wire as a single label query. RetryWithSearchDomains
	// tell the core to call back into the UDS layer if there is no valid response in /etc/hosts or
	// the cache
	q->RetryWithSearchDomains = ApplySearchDomainsFirst(q) ? 1 : 0;
	q->qnameOrig        = mDNSNULL;

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceQueryRecord(%X, %d, %##s, %s) START", request->sd, flags, interfaceIndex, q->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q->qtype));
	err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, q);
	if (err) LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: DNSServiceQueryRecord %##s %s mDNS_StartQuery: %d", request->sd, q->qname.c, DNSTypeName(q->qtype), (int)err);
	else 
		{
		request->terminate = queryrecord_termination_callback;
		if (q->InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_P2P || (!q->InterfaceID && SameDomainName((const domainname *)LastLabel(&q->qname), &localdomain) && (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsIncludeP2P)))
			{
			LogInfo("handle_queryrecord_request: calling external_start_browsing_for_service()");
			external_start_browsing_for_service(&mDNSStorage, &q->qname, q->qtype);
			}
		}

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	err = SendAdditionalQuery(q, request, err);
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceEnumerateDomains
#endif

mDNSlocal reply_state *format_enumeration_reply(request_state *request,
	const char *domain, DNSServiceFlags flags, mDNSu32 ifi, DNSServiceErrorType err)
	{
	size_t len;
	reply_state *reply;
	char *data;

	len = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
	len += sizeof(mDNSu32);
	len += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
	len += strlen(domain) + 1;

	reply = create_reply(enumeration_reply_op, len, request);
	reply->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(flags);
	reply->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(ifi);
	reply->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(err);
	data = (char *)&reply->rhdr[1];
	put_string(domain, &data);
	return reply;
	}

mDNSlocal void enum_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	mDNS_StopGetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.enumeration.q_all);
	mDNS_StopGetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.enumeration.q_default);
	}

mDNSlocal void enum_result_callback(mDNS *const m,
	DNSQuestion *const question, const ResourceRecord *const answer, QC_result AddRecord)
	{
	char domain[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	request_state *request = question->QuestionContext;
	DNSServiceFlags flags = 0;
	reply_state *reply;
	(void)m; // Unused

	if (answer->rrtype != kDNSType_PTR) return;

#if 0
	if (!AuthorizedDomain(request, &answer->rdata->u.name, request->u.enumeration.flags ? AutoRegistrationDomains : AutoBrowseDomains)) return;
#endif

	// We only return add/remove events for the browse and registration lists
	// For the default browse and registration answers, we only give an "ADD" event
	if (question == &request->u.enumeration.q_default && !AddRecord) return;

	if (AddRecord)
		{
		flags |= kDNSServiceFlagsAdd;
		if (question == &request->u.enumeration.q_default) flags |= kDNSServiceFlagsDefault;
		}

	ConvertDomainNameToCString(&answer->rdata->u.name, domain);
	// Note that we do NOT propagate specific interface indexes to the client - for example, a domain we learn from
	// a machine's system preferences may be discovered on the LocalOnly interface, but should be browsed on the
	// network, so we just pass kDNSServiceInterfaceIndexAny
	reply = format_enumeration_reply(request, domain, flags, kDNSServiceInterfaceIndexAny, kDNSServiceErr_NoError);
	if (!reply) { LogMsg("ERROR: enum_result_callback, format_enumeration_reply"); return; }

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceEnumerateDomains(%#2s) RESULT %s: %s", request->sd, question->qname.c, AddRecord ? "Add" : "Rmv", domain);

	append_reply(request, reply);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_enum_request(request_state *request)
	{
	mStatus err;
	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	DNSServiceFlags reg = flags & kDNSServiceFlagsRegistrationDomains;
	mDNS_DomainType t_all     = reg ? mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration        : mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse;
	mDNS_DomainType t_default = reg ? mDNS_DomainTypeRegistrationDefault : mDNS_DomainTypeBrowseDefault;
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (!request->msgptr)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceEnumerateDomains(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	// allocate context structures
	uDNS_SetupSearchDomains(&mDNSStorage, UDNS_START_WAB_QUERY);

#if 0
	// mark which kind of enumeration we're doing so we can (de)authorize certain domains
	request->u.enumeration.flags = reg;
#endif

	// enumeration requires multiple questions, so we must link all the context pointers so that
	// necessary context can be reached from the callbacks
	request->u.enumeration.q_all    .QuestionContext = request;
	request->u.enumeration.q_default.QuestionContext = request;
	
	// if the caller hasn't specified an explicit interface, we use local-only to get the system-wide list.
	if (!InterfaceID) InterfaceID = mDNSInterface_LocalOnly;

	// make the calls
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceEnumerateDomains(%X=%s)", request->sd, flags,
		(flags & kDNSServiceFlagsBrowseDomains      ) ? "kDNSServiceFlagsBrowseDomains" :
		(flags & kDNSServiceFlagsRegistrationDomains) ? "kDNSServiceFlagsRegistrationDomains" : "<<Unknown>>");
	err = mDNS_GetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.enumeration.q_all, t_all, NULL, InterfaceID, enum_result_callback, request);
	if (!err)
		{
		err = mDNS_GetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.enumeration.q_default, t_default, NULL, InterfaceID, enum_result_callback, request);
		if (err) mDNS_StopGetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.enumeration.q_all);
		else request->terminate = enum_termination_callback;
		}

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceReconfirmRecord & Misc
#endif

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_reconfirm_request(request_state *request)
	{
	mStatus status = mStatus_BadParamErr;
	AuthRecord *rr = read_rr_from_ipc_msg(request, 0, 0);
	if (rr)
		{
		status = mDNS_ReconfirmByValue(&mDNSStorage, &rr->resrec);
		LogOperation(
			(status == mStatus_NoError) ?
			"%3d: DNSServiceReconfirmRecord(%s) interface %d initiated" :
			"%3d: DNSServiceReconfirmRecord(%s) interface %d failed: %d",
			request->sd, RRDisplayString(&mDNSStorage, &rr->resrec),
			mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(&mDNSStorage, rr->resrec.InterfaceID, mDNSfalse), status);
		freeL("AuthRecord/handle_reconfirm_request", rr);
		}
	return(status);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_setdomain_request(request_state *request)
	{
	char domainstr[MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME];
	domainname domain;
	DNSServiceFlags flags = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	(void)flags; // Unused
	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, domainstr, MAX_ESCAPED_DOMAIN_NAME) < 0 ||
		!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&domain, domainstr))
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceSetDefaultDomainForUser(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceSetDefaultDomainForUser(%##s)", request->sd, domain.c);
	return(mStatus_NoError);
	}

typedef packedstruct
	{
	mStatus err;
	mDNSu32 len;
	mDNSu32 vers;
	} DaemonVersionReply;

mDNSlocal void handle_getproperty_request(request_state *request)
	{
	const mStatus BadParamErr = dnssd_htonl((mDNSu32)mStatus_BadParamErr);
	char prop[256];
	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, prop, sizeof(prop)) >= 0)
		{
		LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceGetProperty(%s)", request->sd, prop);
		if (!strcmp(prop, kDNSServiceProperty_DaemonVersion))
			{
			DaemonVersionReply x = { 0, dnssd_htonl(4), dnssd_htonl(_DNS_SD_H) };
			send_all(request->sd, (const char *)&x, sizeof(x));
			return;
			}
		}

	// If we didn't recogize the requested property name, return BadParamErr
	send_all(request->sd, (const char *)&BadParamErr, sizeof(BadParamErr));
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceNATPortMappingCreate
#endif

#define DNSServiceProtocol(X) ((X) == NATOp_AddrRequest ? 0 : (X) == NATOp_MapUDP ? kDNSServiceProtocol_UDP : kDNSServiceProtocol_TCP)

mDNSlocal void port_mapping_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceNATPortMappingCreate(%X, %u, %u, %d) STOP", request->sd,
		DNSServiceProtocol(request->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol),
		mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort), mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.ReqExt), request->u.pm.NATinfo.NATLease);
	mDNS_StopNATOperation(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.pm.NATinfo);
	}

// Called via function pointer when we get a NAT-PMP address request or port mapping response
mDNSlocal void port_mapping_create_request_callback(mDNS *m, NATTraversalInfo *n)
	{
	request_state *request = (request_state *)n->clientContext;
	reply_state *rep;
	int replyLen;
	char *data;

	if (!request) { LogMsg("port_mapping_create_request_callback called with unknown request_state object"); return; }

	// calculate reply data length
	replyLen = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
	replyLen += 3 * sizeof(mDNSu32);  // if index + addr + ttl
	replyLen += sizeof(DNSServiceErrorType);
	replyLen += 2 * sizeof(mDNSu16);  // Internal Port + External Port
	replyLen += sizeof(mDNSu8);       // protocol

	rep = create_reply(port_mapping_reply_op, replyLen, request);

	rep->rhdr->flags = dnssd_htonl(0);
	rep->rhdr->ifi   = dnssd_htonl(mDNSPlatformInterfaceIndexfromInterfaceID(m, n->InterfaceID, mDNSfalse));
	rep->rhdr->error = dnssd_htonl(n->Result);

	data = (char *)&rep->rhdr[1];

	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress.b[0];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress.b[1];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress.b[2];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress.b[3];
	*data++ = DNSServiceProtocol(request->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol);
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort.b[0];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort.b[1];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalPort.b[0];
	*data++ = request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalPort.b[1];
	put_uint32(request->u.pm.NATinfo.Lifetime, &data);

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceNATPortMappingCreate(%X, %u, %u, %d) RESULT %.4a:%u TTL %u", request->sd,
		DNSServiceProtocol(request->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol),
		mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort), mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.ReqExt), request->u.pm.NATinfo.NATLease,
		&request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress, mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalPort), request->u.pm.NATinfo.Lifetime);

	append_reply(request, rep);
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_port_mapping_request(request_state *request)
	{
	mDNSu32 ttl = 0;
	mStatus err = mStatus_NoError;

	DNSServiceFlags flags          = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32         interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID    = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	mDNSu8          protocol       = (mDNSu8)get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	(void)flags; // Unused
	if (interfaceIndex && !InterfaceID) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
	if (request->msgptr + 8 > request->msgend) request->msgptr = NULL;
	else
		{
		request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort.b[0] = *request->msgptr++;
		request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort.b[1] = *request->msgptr++;
		request->u.pm.ReqExt.b[0]          = *request->msgptr++;
		request->u.pm.ReqExt.b[1]          = *request->msgptr++;
		ttl = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
		}

	if (!request->msgptr)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceNATPortMappingCreate(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (protocol == 0)	// If protocol == 0 (i.e. just request public address) then IntPort, ExtPort, ttl must be zero too
		{
		if (!mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort) || !mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.pm.ReqExt) || ttl) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
		}
	else
		{
		if (mDNSIPPortIsZero(request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
		if (!(protocol & (kDNSServiceProtocol_UDP | kDNSServiceProtocol_TCP))) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
		}

	request->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol       = !protocol ? NATOp_AddrRequest : (protocol == kDNSServiceProtocol_UDP) ? NATOp_MapUDP : NATOp_MapTCP;
	//       u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort        = already set above
	request->u.pm.NATinfo.RequestedPort  = request->u.pm.ReqExt;
	request->u.pm.NATinfo.NATLease       = ttl;
	request->u.pm.NATinfo.clientCallback = port_mapping_create_request_callback;
	request->u.pm.NATinfo.clientContext  = request;

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceNATPortMappingCreate(%X, %u, %u, %d) START", request->sd,
		protocol, mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort), mDNSVal16(request->u.pm.ReqExt), request->u.pm.NATinfo.NATLease);
	err = mDNS_StartNATOperation(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.pm.NATinfo);
	if (err) LogMsg("ERROR: mDNS_StartNATOperation: %d", (int)err);
	else request->terminate = port_mapping_termination_callback;

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - DNSServiceGetAddrInfo
#endif

mDNSlocal void addrinfo_termination_callback(request_state *request)
	{
	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceGetAddrInfo(%##s) STOP", request->sd, request->u.addrinfo.q4.qname.c);

	if (request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionContext)
		{
		mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.addrinfo.q4);
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
		}
	if (request->u.addrinfo.q4.qnameOrig)
		{
		freeL("QueryTermination", request->u.addrinfo.q4.qnameOrig);
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
		}
	if (request->u.addrinfo.q42)
		{
		if (request->u.addrinfo.q42->QuestionContext)
			{
			LogInfo("addrinfo_termination_callback: Stopping q42 %##s", request->u.addrinfo.q42->qname.c);
			mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, request->u.addrinfo.q42);
			}
		if (request->u.addrinfo.q42->qnameOrig)
			{
			LogInfo("addrinfo_termination_callback: freeing q42 qnameOrig %##s", request->u.addrinfo.q42->qnameOrig->c);
			freeL("QueryTermination q42", request->u.addrinfo.q42->qnameOrig);
			request->u.addrinfo.q42->qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
			}
		freeL("addrinfo Q42", request->u.addrinfo.q42);
		request->u.addrinfo.q42 = mDNSNULL;
		}

	if (request->u.addrinfo.q6.QuestionContext)
		{
		mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.addrinfo.q6);
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
		}
	if (request->u.addrinfo.q6.qnameOrig)
		{
		freeL("QueryTermination", request->u.addrinfo.q6.qnameOrig);
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
		}
	if (request->u.addrinfo.q62)
		{
		if (request->u.addrinfo.q62->QuestionContext)
			{
			LogInfo("addrinfo_termination_callback: Stopping q62 %##s", request->u.addrinfo.q62->qname.c);
			mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, request->u.addrinfo.q62);
			}
		if (request->u.addrinfo.q62->qnameOrig)
			{
			LogInfo("addrinfo_termination_callback: freeing q62 qnameOrig %##s", request->u.addrinfo.q62->qnameOrig->c);
			freeL("QueryTermination q62", request->u.addrinfo.q62->qnameOrig);
			request->u.addrinfo.q62->qnameOrig = mDNSNULL;
			}
		freeL("addrinfo Q62", request->u.addrinfo.q62);
		request->u.addrinfo.q62 = mDNSNULL;
		}
	}

mDNSlocal mStatus handle_addrinfo_request(request_state *request)
	{
	char hostname[256];
	domainname d;
	mStatus err = 0;

	DNSServiceFlags flags  = get_flags(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);
	mDNSu32 interfaceIndex = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);

	mDNSPlatformMemZero(&request->u.addrinfo, sizeof(request->u.addrinfo));
	request->u.addrinfo.interface_id = mDNSPlatformInterfaceIDfromInterfaceIndex(&mDNSStorage, interfaceIndex);
	request->u.addrinfo.flags        = flags;
	request->u.addrinfo.protocol     = get_uint32(&request->msgptr, request->msgend);

	if (interfaceIndex && !request->u.addrinfo.interface_id) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);
	if (request->u.addrinfo.protocol > (kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv4|kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv6)) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (get_string(&request->msgptr, request->msgend, hostname, 256) < 0) return(mStatus_BadParamErr);

	if (!request->msgptr) { LogMsg("%3d: DNSServiceGetAddrInfo(unreadable parameters)", request->sd); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

	if (!MakeDomainNameFromDNSNameString(&d, hostname))
		{ LogMsg("ERROR: handle_addrinfo_request: bad hostname: %s", hostname); return(mStatus_BadParamErr); }

#if 0
	if (!AuthorizedDomain(request, &d, AutoBrowseDomains))	return (mStatus_NoError);
#endif

	if (!request->u.addrinfo.protocol)
		{
		flags |= kDNSServiceFlagsSuppressUnusable;
		request->u.addrinfo.protocol = (kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv4 | kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv6);
		}

	request->u.addrinfo.q4.InterfaceID      = request->u.addrinfo.q6.InterfaceID      = request->u.addrinfo.interface_id;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.Target           = request->u.addrinfo.q6.Target           = zeroAddr;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.qname            = request->u.addrinfo.q6.qname            = d;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.qclass           = request->u.addrinfo.q6.qclass           = kDNSServiceClass_IN;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.LongLived        = request->u.addrinfo.q6.LongLived        = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsLongLivedQuery     ) != 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.ExpectUnique     = request->u.addrinfo.q6.ExpectUnique     = mDNSfalse;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.ForceMCast       = request->u.addrinfo.q6.ForceMCast       = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsForceMulticast     ) != 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.ReturnIntermed   = request->u.addrinfo.q6.ReturnIntermed   = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsReturnIntermediates) != 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.SuppressUnusable = request->u.addrinfo.q6.SuppressUnusable = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsSuppressUnusable   ) != 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.TimeoutQuestion  = request->u.addrinfo.q6.TimeoutQuestion  = (flags & kDNSServiceFlagsTimeout            ) != 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.WakeOnResolve    = request->u.addrinfo.q6.WakeOnResolve    = 0;
	request->u.addrinfo.q4.qnameOrig        = request->u.addrinfo.q6.qnameOrig        = mDNSNULL;

	if (request->u.addrinfo.protocol & kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv4)
		{
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.qtype            = kDNSServiceType_A;
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.SearchListIndex  = 0;

		// We append search domains only for queries that are a single label. If overriden using
		// command line argument "AlwaysAppendSearchDomains", then we do it for any query which
		// is not fully qualified.
		if (hostname[strlen(hostname) - 1] != '.' && (AlwaysAppendSearchDomains || CountLabels(&d) == 1))
			{
			request->u.addrinfo.q4.AppendSearchDomains = 1;
			request->u.addrinfo.q4.AppendLocalSearchDomains = 1;
			}
		else
			{
			request->u.addrinfo.q4.AppendSearchDomains = 0;
			request->u.addrinfo.q4.AppendLocalSearchDomains = 0;
			}
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.RetryWithSearchDomains = (ApplySearchDomainsFirst(&request->u.addrinfo.q4) ? 1 : 0);
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionCallback = queryrecord_result_callback;
		request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionContext  = request;
		err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.addrinfo.q4);
		if (err != mStatus_NoError)
			{
			LogMsg("ERROR: mDNS_StartQuery: %d", (int)err);
			request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
			}
		#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		err = SendAdditionalQuery(&request->u.addrinfo.q4, request, err);
		#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		}

	if (!err && (request->u.addrinfo.protocol & kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv6))
		{
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.qtype            = kDNSServiceType_AAAA;
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.SearchListIndex  = 0;
		if (hostname[strlen(hostname) - 1] != '.' && (AlwaysAppendSearchDomains || CountLabels(&d) == 1))
			{
			request->u.addrinfo.q6.AppendSearchDomains = 1;
			request->u.addrinfo.q6.AppendLocalSearchDomains = 1;
			}
		else
			{
			request->u.addrinfo.q6.AppendSearchDomains = 0;
			request->u.addrinfo.q6.AppendLocalSearchDomains = 0;
			}
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.RetryWithSearchDomains = (ApplySearchDomainsFirst(&request->u.addrinfo.q6) ? 1 : 0);
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.QuestionCallback = queryrecord_result_callback;
		request->u.addrinfo.q6.QuestionContext  = request;
		err = mDNS_StartQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.addrinfo.q6);
		if (err != mStatus_NoError)
			{
			LogMsg("ERROR: mDNS_StartQuery: %d", (int)err);
			request->u.addrinfo.q6.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
			if (request->u.addrinfo.protocol & kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv4)
				{
				// If we started a query for IPv4, we need to cancel it
				mDNS_StopQuery(&mDNSStorage, &request->u.addrinfo.q4);
				request->u.addrinfo.q4.QuestionContext = mDNSNULL;
				}
			}
		#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		err = SendAdditionalQuery(&request->u.addrinfo.q6, request, err);
		#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		}

	LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceGetAddrInfo(%X, %d, %d, %##s) START",
		request->sd, flags, interfaceIndex, request->u.addrinfo.protocol, d.c);

	if (!err) request->terminate = addrinfo_termination_callback;

	return(err);
	}

// ***************************************************************************
#if COMPILER_LIKES_PRAGMA_MARK
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark - Main Request Handler etc.
#endif

mDNSlocal request_state *NewRequest(void)
	{
	request_state **p = &all_requests;
	while (*p) p=&(*p)->next;
	*p = mallocL("request_state", sizeof(request_state));
	if (!*p) FatalError("ERROR: malloc");
	mDNSPlatformMemZero(*p, sizeof(request_state));
	return(*p);
	}

// read_msg may be called any time when the transfer state (req->ts) is t_morecoming.
// if there is no data on the socket, the socket will be closed and t_terminated will be returned
mDNSlocal void read_msg(request_state *req)
	{
	if (req->ts == t_terminated || req->ts == t_error)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg called with transfer state terminated or error", req->sd); req->ts = t_error; return; }

	if (req->ts == t_complete)	// this must be death or something is wrong
		{
		char buf[4];	// dummy for death notification
		int nread = udsSupportReadFD(req->sd, buf, 4, 0, req->platform_data);
		if (!nread) { req->ts = t_terminated; return; }
		if (nread < 0) goto rerror;
		LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read data from a completed request", req->sd);
		req->ts = t_error;
		return;
		}

	if (req->ts != t_morecoming)
		{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg called with invalid transfer state (%d)", req->sd, req->ts); req->ts = t_error; return; }

	if (req->hdr_bytes < sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr))
		{
		mDNSu32 nleft = sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr) - req->hdr_bytes;
		int nread = udsSupportReadFD(req->sd, (char *)&req->hdr + req->hdr_bytes, nleft, 0, req->platform_data);
		if (nread == 0) { req->ts = t_terminated; return; }
		if (nread < 0) goto rerror;
		req->hdr_bytes += nread;
		if (req->hdr_bytes > sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr))
			{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg - read too many header bytes", req->sd); req->ts = t_error; return; }

		// only read data if header is complete
		if (req->hdr_bytes == sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr))
			{
			ConvertHeaderBytes(&req->hdr);
			if (req->hdr.version != VERSION)
				{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: client version 0x%08X daemon version 0x%08X", req->sd, req->hdr.version, VERSION); req->ts = t_error; return; }

			// Largest conceivable single request is a DNSServiceRegisterRecord() or DNSServiceAddRecord()
			// with 64kB of rdata. Adding 1009 byte for a maximal domain name, plus a safety margin
			// for other overhead, this means any message above 70kB is definitely bogus.
			if (req->hdr.datalen > 70000)
				{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg: hdr.datalen %u (0x%X) > 70000", req->sd, req->hdr.datalen, req->hdr.datalen); req->ts = t_error; return; }
			req->msgbuf = mallocL("request_state msgbuf", req->hdr.datalen + MSG_PAD_BYTES);
			if (!req->msgbuf) { my_perror("ERROR: malloc"); req->ts = t_error; return; }
			req->msgptr = req->msgbuf;
			req->msgend = req->msgbuf + req->hdr.datalen;
			mDNSPlatformMemZero(req->msgbuf, req->hdr.datalen + MSG_PAD_BYTES);
			}
		}

	// If our header is complete, but we're still needing more body data, then try to read it now
	// Note: For cancel_request req->hdr.datalen == 0, but there's no error return socket for cancel_request
	// Any time we need to get the error return socket we know we'll have at least one data byte
	// (even if only the one-byte empty C string placeholder for the old ctrl_path parameter)
	if (req->hdr_bytes == sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr) && req->data_bytes < req->hdr.datalen)
		{
		mDNSu32 nleft = req->hdr.datalen - req->data_bytes;
		int nread;
#if !defined(_WIN32)
		struct iovec vec = { req->msgbuf + req->data_bytes, nleft };	// Tell recvmsg where we want the bytes put
		struct msghdr msg;
		struct cmsghdr *cmsg;
		char cbuf[CMSG_SPACE(sizeof(dnssd_sock_t))];
		msg.msg_name       = 0;
		msg.msg_namelen    = 0;
		msg.msg_iov        = &vec;
		msg.msg_iovlen     = 1;
		msg.msg_control    = cbuf;
		msg.msg_controllen = sizeof(cbuf);
		msg.msg_flags      = 0;
		nread = recvmsg(req->sd, &msg, 0);
#else
		nread = udsSupportReadFD(req->sd, (char *)req->msgbuf + req->data_bytes, nleft, 0, req->platform_data);
#endif
		if (nread == 0) { req->ts = t_terminated; return; }
		if (nread < 0) goto rerror;
		req->data_bytes += nread;
		if (req->data_bytes > req->hdr.datalen)
			{ LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg - read too many data bytes", req->sd); req->ts = t_error; return; }
#if !defined(_WIN32)
		cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&msg);
#if DEBUG_64BIT_SCM_RIGHTS
		LogMsg("%3d: Expecting %d %d %d %d", req->sd, sizeof(cbuf),       sizeof(cbuf),   SOL_SOCKET,       SCM_RIGHTS);
		LogMsg("%3d: Got       %d %d %d %d", req->sd, msg.msg_controllen, cmsg->cmsg_len, cmsg->cmsg_level, cmsg->cmsg_type);
#endif // DEBUG_64BIT_SCM_RIGHTS
		if (msg.msg_controllen == sizeof(cbuf) &&
			cmsg->cmsg_len     == CMSG_LEN(sizeof(dnssd_sock_t)) &&
			cmsg->cmsg_level   == SOL_SOCKET   &&
			cmsg->cmsg_type    == SCM_RIGHTS)
			{
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
			// Strictly speaking BPF_fd belongs solely in the platform support layer, but because
			// of privilege separation on Mac OS X we need to get BPF_fd from mDNSResponderHelper,
			// and it's convenient to repurpose the existing fd-passing code here for that task
			if (req->hdr.op == send_bpf)
				{
				dnssd_sock_t x = *(dnssd_sock_t *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg);
				LogOperation("%3d: Got BPF %d", req->sd, x);
				mDNSPlatformReceiveBPF_fd(&mDNSStorage, x);
				}
			else
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
				req->errsd = *(dnssd_sock_t *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg);
#if DEBUG_64BIT_SCM_RIGHTS
			LogMsg("%3d: read req->errsd %d", req->sd, req->errsd);
#endif // DEBUG_64BIT_SCM_RIGHTS
			if (req->data_bytes < req->hdr.datalen)
				{
				LogMsg("%3d: Client sent error socket %d via SCM_RIGHTS with req->data_bytes %d < req->hdr.datalen %d",
					req->sd, req->errsd, req->data_bytes, req->hdr.datalen);
				req->ts = t_error;
				return;
				}
			}
#endif
		}

	// If our header and data are both complete, see if we need to make our separate error return socket
	if (req->hdr_bytes == sizeof(ipc_msg_hdr) && req->data_bytes == req->hdr.datalen)
		{
		if (req->terminate && req->hdr.op != cancel_request)
			{
			dnssd_sockaddr_t cliaddr;
#if defined(USE_TCP_LOOPBACK)
			mDNSOpaque16 port;
			u_long opt = 1;
			port.b[0] = req->msgptr[0];
			port.b[1] = req->msgptr[1];
			req->msgptr += 2;
			cliaddr.sin_family      = AF_INET;
			cliaddr.sin_port        = port.NotAnInteger;
			cliaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(MDNS_TCP_SERVERADDR);
#else
			char ctrl_path[MAX_CTLPATH];
			get_string(&req->msgptr, req->msgend, ctrl_path, MAX_CTLPATH);	// path is first element in message buffer
			mDNSPlatformMemZero(&cliaddr, sizeof(cliaddr));
			cliaddr.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
			mDNSPlatformStrCopy(cliaddr.sun_path, ctrl_path);
			// If the error return path UDS name is empty string, that tells us
			// that this is a new version of the library that's going to pass us
			// the error return path socket via sendmsg/recvmsg
			if (ctrl_path[0] == 0)
				{
				if (req->errsd == req->sd)
					{ LogMsg("%3d: read_msg: ERROR failed to get errsd via SCM_RIGHTS", req->sd); req->ts = t_error; return; }
				goto got_errfd;
				}
#endif
	
			req->errsd = socket(AF_DNSSD, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
			if (!dnssd_SocketValid(req->errsd)) { my_perror("ERROR: socket"); req->ts = t_error; return; }

			if (connect(req->errsd, (struct sockaddr *)&cliaddr, sizeof(cliaddr)) < 0)
				{
#if !defined(USE_TCP_LOOPBACK)
				struct stat sb;
				LogMsg("%3d: read_msg: Couldn't connect to error return path socket “%s” errno %d (%s)",
					req->sd, cliaddr.sun_path, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
				if (stat(cliaddr.sun_path, &sb) < 0)
					LogMsg("%3d: read_msg: stat failed “%s” errno %d (%s)", req->sd, cliaddr.sun_path, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
				else
					LogMsg("%3d: read_msg: file “%s” mode %o (octal) uid %d gid %d", req->sd, cliaddr.sun_path, sb.st_mode, sb.st_uid, sb.st_gid);
#endif
				req->ts = t_error;
				return;
				}
	
#if !defined(USE_TCP_LOOPBACK)
got_errfd:
#endif
			LogOperation("%3d: Error socket %d created %08X %08X", req->sd, req->errsd, req->hdr.client_context.u32[1], req->hdr.client_context.u32[0]);
#if defined(_WIN32)
			if (ioctlsocket(req->errsd, FIONBIO, &opt) != 0)
#else
			if (fcntl(req->errsd, F_SETFL, fcntl(req->errsd, F_GETFL, 0) | O_NONBLOCK) != 0)
#endif
				{
				LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: could not set control socket to non-blocking mode errno %d (%s)",
					req->sd, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
				req->ts = t_error;
				return;
				}
			}
		
		req->ts = t_complete;
		}

	return;

rerror:
	if (dnssd_errno == dnssd_EWOULDBLOCK || dnssd_errno == dnssd_EINTR) return;
	LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: read_msg errno %d (%s)", req->sd, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
	req->ts = t_error;
	}

#define RecordOrientedOp(X) \
	((X) == reg_record_request || (X) == add_record_request || (X) == update_record_request || (X) == remove_record_request)

// The lightweight operations are the ones that don't need a dedicated request_state structure allocated for them
#define LightweightOp(X) (RecordOrientedOp(X) || (X) == cancel_request)

mDNSlocal void request_callback(int fd, short filter, void *info)
	{
	mStatus err = 0;
	request_state *req = info;
	mDNSs32 min_size = sizeof(DNSServiceFlags);
	(void)fd; // Unused
	(void)filter; // Unused

	for (;;)
		{
		read_msg(req);
		if (req->ts == t_morecoming) return;
		if (req->ts == t_terminated || req->ts == t_error) { AbortUnlinkAndFree(req); return; }
		if (req->ts != t_complete) { LogMsg("req->ts %d != t_complete", req->ts); AbortUnlinkAndFree(req); return; }

		if (req->hdr.version != VERSION)
			{
			LogMsg("ERROR: client version %d incompatible with daemon version %d", req->hdr.version, VERSION);
			AbortUnlinkAndFree(req);
			return;
			}

		switch(req->hdr.op)            //          Interface       + other data
			{
			case connection_request:       min_size = 0;                                                                           break;
			case reg_service_request:      min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 4 /* name, type, domain, host */ + 4 /* port, textlen */; break;
			case add_record_request:       min_size +=                   4 /* type, rdlen */              + 4 /* ttl */;           break;
			case update_record_request:    min_size +=                   2 /* rdlen */                    + 4 /* ttl */;           break;
			case remove_record_request:                                                                                            break;
			case browse_request:           min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 2 /* type, domain */;                                     break;
			case resolve_request:          min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 3 /* type, type, domain */;                               break;
			case query_request:            min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 1 /* name */                     + 4 /* type, class*/;    break;
			case enumeration_request:      min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32);                                                            break;
			case reg_record_request:       min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 1 /* name */ + 6 /* type, class, rdlen */ + 4 /* ttl */;  break;
			case reconfirm_record_request: min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 1 /* name */ + 6 /* type, class, rdlen */;                break;
			case setdomain_request:        min_size +=                   1 /* domain */;                                           break;
			case getproperty_request:      min_size = 2;                                                                           break;
			case port_mapping_request:     min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 4 /* udp/tcp */ + 4 /* int/ext port */    + 4 /* ttl */;  break;
			case addrinfo_request:         min_size += sizeof(mDNSu32) + 4 /* v4/v6 */   + 1 /* hostname */;                       break;
			case send_bpf:                 // Same as cancel_request below
			case cancel_request:           min_size = 0;                                                                           break;
			default: LogMsg("ERROR: validate_message - unsupported req type: %d", req->hdr.op); min_size = -1;                     break;
			}

		if ((mDNSs32)req->data_bytes < min_size)
			{ LogMsg("Invalid message %d bytes; min for %d is %d", req->data_bytes, req->hdr.op, min_size); AbortUnlinkAndFree(req); return; }

		if (LightweightOp(req->hdr.op) && !req->terminate)
			{ LogMsg("Reg/Add/Update/Remove %d require existing connection", req->hdr.op);                  AbortUnlinkAndFree(req); return; }

		// check if client wants silent operation
		if (req->hdr.ipc_flags & IPC_FLAGS_NOREPLY) req->no_reply = 1;

		// If req->terminate is already set, this means this operation is sharing an existing connection
		if (req->terminate && !LightweightOp(req->hdr.op))
			{
			request_state *newreq = NewRequest();
			newreq->primary = req;
			newreq->sd      = req->sd;
			newreq->errsd   = req->errsd;
			newreq->uid     = req->uid;
			newreq->hdr     = req->hdr;
			newreq->msgbuf  = req->msgbuf;
			newreq->msgptr  = req->msgptr;
			newreq->msgend  = req->msgend;
			req = newreq;
			}

		// If we're shutting down, don't allow new client requests
		// We do allow "cancel" and "getproperty" during shutdown
		if (mDNSStorage.ShutdownTime && req->hdr.op != cancel_request && req->hdr.op != getproperty_request)
			{
			err = mStatus_ServiceNotRunning;
			}
		else switch(req->hdr.op)
			{
			// These are all operations that have their own first-class request_state object
			case connection_request:           LogOperation("%3d: DNSServiceCreateConnection START", req->sd);
											   req->terminate = connection_termination; break;
			case resolve_request:              err = handle_resolve_request     (req);  break;
			case query_request:                err = handle_queryrecord_request (req);  break;
			case browse_request:               err = handle_browse_request      (req);  break;
			case reg_service_request:          err = handle_regservice_request  (req);  break;
			case enumeration_request:          err = handle_enum_request        (req);  break;
			case reconfirm_record_request:     err = handle_reconfirm_request   (req);  break;
			case setdomain_request:            err = handle_setdomain_request   (req);  break;
			case getproperty_request:                handle_getproperty_request (req);  break;
			case port_mapping_request:         err = handle_port_mapping_request(req);  break;
			case addrinfo_request:             err = handle_addrinfo_request    (req);  break;
			case send_bpf:                     /* Do nothing for send_bpf */            break;

			// These are all operations that work with an existing request_state object
			case reg_record_request:           err = handle_regrecord_request   (req);  break;
			case add_record_request:           err = handle_add_request         (req);  break;
			case update_record_request:        err = handle_update_request      (req);  break;
			case remove_record_request:        err = handle_removerecord_request(req);  break;
			case cancel_request:                     handle_cancel_request      (req);  break;
			default: LogMsg("%3d: ERROR: Unsupported UDS req: %d", req->sd, req->hdr.op);
			}

		// req->msgbuf may be NULL, e.g. for connection_request or remove_record_request
		if (req->msgbuf) freeL("request_state msgbuf", req->msgbuf);

		// There's no return data for a cancel request (DNSServiceRefDeallocate returns no result)
		// For a DNSServiceGetProperty call, the handler already generated the response, so no need to do it again here
		if (req->hdr.op != cancel_request && req->hdr.op != getproperty_request && req->hdr.op != send_bpf)
			{
			const mStatus err_netorder = dnssd_htonl(err);
			send_all(req->errsd, (const char *)&err_netorder, sizeof(err_netorder));
			if (req->errsd != req->sd)
				{
				LogOperation("%3d: Error socket %d closed  %08X %08X (%d)",
					req->sd, req->errsd, req->hdr.client_context.u32[1], req->hdr.client_context.u32[0], err);
				dnssd_close(req->errsd);
				req->errsd = req->sd;
				// Also need to reset the parent's errsd, if this is a subordinate operation
				if (req->primary) req->primary->errsd = req->primary->sd;
				}
			}

		// Reset ready to accept the next req on this pipe
		if (req->primary) req = req->primary;
		req->ts         = t_morecoming;
		req->hdr_bytes  = 0;
		req->data_bytes = 0;
		req->msgbuf     = mDNSNULL;
		req->msgptr     = mDNSNULL;
		req->msgend     = 0;
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void connect_callback(int fd, short filter, void *info)
	{
	dnssd_sockaddr_t cliaddr;
	dnssd_socklen_t len = (dnssd_socklen_t) sizeof(cliaddr);
	dnssd_sock_t sd = accept(fd, (struct sockaddr*) &cliaddr, &len);
#if defined(SO_NOSIGPIPE) || defined(_WIN32)
	unsigned long optval = 1;
#endif

	(void)filter; // Unused
	(void)info; // Unused

	if (!dnssd_SocketValid(sd))
		{
		if (dnssd_errno != dnssd_EWOULDBLOCK) my_perror("ERROR: accept");
		return;
		}

#ifdef SO_NOSIGPIPE
	// Some environments (e.g. OS X) support turning off SIGPIPE for a socket
	if (setsockopt(sd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_NOSIGPIPE, &optval, sizeof(optval)) < 0)
		LogMsg("%3d: WARNING: setsockopt - SO_NOSIGPIPE %d (%s)", sd, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32)
	if (ioctlsocket(sd, FIONBIO, &optval) != 0)
#else
	if (fcntl(sd, F_SETFL, fcntl(sd, F_GETFL, 0) | O_NONBLOCK) != 0)
#endif
		{
		my_perror("ERROR: fcntl(sd, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK) - aborting client");
		dnssd_close(sd);
		return;
		}
	else
		{
		request_state *request = NewRequest();
		request->ts    = t_morecoming;
		request->sd    = sd;
		request->errsd = sd;
#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		struct xucred x;
		socklen_t xucredlen = sizeof(x);
		if (getsockopt(sd, 0, LOCAL_PEERCRED, &x, &xucredlen) >= 0 && x.cr_version == XUCRED_VERSION) request->uid = x.cr_uid;
		else my_perror("ERROR: getsockopt, LOCAL_PEERCRED");
		debugf("LOCAL_PEERCRED %d %u %u %d", xucredlen, x.cr_version, x.cr_uid, x.cr_ngroups);
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
		LogOperation("%3d: Adding FD for uid %u", request->sd, request->uid);
		udsSupportAddFDToEventLoop(sd, request_callback, request, &request->platform_data);
		}
	}

mDNSlocal mDNSBool uds_socket_setup(dnssd_sock_t skt)
	{
#if defined(SO_NP_EXTENSIONS)
	struct		so_np_extensions sonpx;
	socklen_t 	optlen = sizeof(struct so_np_extensions);
	sonpx.npx_flags = SONPX_SETOPTSHUT;
	sonpx.npx_mask  = SONPX_SETOPTSHUT;
	if (setsockopt(skt, SOL_SOCKET, SO_NP_EXTENSIONS, &sonpx, optlen) < 0)
		my_perror("WARNING: could not set sockopt - SO_NP_EXTENSIONS");
#endif
#if defined(_WIN32)
	// SEH: do we even need to do this on windows?
	// This socket will be given to WSAEventSelect which will automatically set it to non-blocking
	u_long opt = 1;
	if (ioctlsocket(skt, FIONBIO, &opt) != 0)
#else
	if (fcntl(skt, F_SETFL, fcntl(skt, F_GETFL, 0) | O_NONBLOCK) != 0)
#endif
		{
		my_perror("ERROR: could not set listen socket to non-blocking mode");
		return mDNSfalse;
		}

	if (listen(skt, LISTENQ) != 0)
		{
		my_perror("ERROR: could not listen on listen socket");
		return mDNSfalse;
		}

	if (mStatus_NoError != udsSupportAddFDToEventLoop(skt, connect_callback, (void *) NULL, (void **) NULL))
		{
		my_perror("ERROR: could not add listen socket to event loop");
		return mDNSfalse;
		}
	else LogOperation("%3d: Listening for incoming Unix Domain Socket client requests", skt);
	
	return mDNStrue;
	}

mDNSexport int udsserver_init(dnssd_sock_t skts[], mDNSu32 count)
	{
	dnssd_sockaddr_t laddr;
	int ret;
	mDNSu32 i = 0;

	LogInfo("udsserver_init");

	// If a particular platform wants to opt out of having a PID file, define PID_FILE to be ""
	if (PID_FILE[0])
		{
		FILE *fp = fopen(PID_FILE, "w");
		if (fp != NULL)
			{
			fprintf(fp, "%d\n", getpid());
			fclose(fp);
			}
		}

	if (skts)
		{
		for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
			if (dnssd_SocketValid(skts[i]) && !uds_socket_setup(skts[i]))
				goto error;
		}
	else
		{
		listenfd = socket(AF_DNSSD, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
		if (!dnssd_SocketValid(listenfd))
			{
			my_perror("ERROR: socket(AF_DNSSD, SOCK_STREAM, 0); failed");
			goto error;
			}

		mDNSPlatformMemZero(&laddr, sizeof(laddr));

		#if defined(USE_TCP_LOOPBACK)
			{
			laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
			laddr.sin_port = htons(MDNS_TCP_SERVERPORT);
			laddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(MDNS_TCP_SERVERADDR);
			ret = bind(listenfd, (struct sockaddr *) &laddr, sizeof(laddr));
			if (ret < 0)
				{
				my_perror("ERROR: bind(listenfd, (struct sockaddr *) &laddr, sizeof(laddr)); failed");
				goto error;
				}
			}
		#else
			{
			mode_t mask = umask(0);
			unlink(MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH);  // OK if this fails
			laddr.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
			#ifndef NOT_HAVE_SA_LEN
			// According to Stevens (section 3.2), there is no portable way to
			// determine whether sa_len is defined on a particular platform.
			laddr.sun_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_un);
			#endif
			if (strlen(MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH) >= sizeof(laddr.sun_path))
				{
					LogMsg("ERROR: MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH must be < %d characters", (int)sizeof(laddr.sun_path));
					goto error;
				}
			mDNSPlatformStrCopy(laddr.sun_path, MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH);
			ret = bind(listenfd, (struct sockaddr *) &laddr, sizeof(laddr));
			umask(mask);
			if (ret < 0)
				{
				my_perror("ERROR: bind(listenfd, (struct sockaddr *) &laddr, sizeof(laddr)); failed");
				goto error;
				}
			}
		#endif
		
		if (!uds_socket_setup(listenfd)) goto error;
		}

#if !defined(PLATFORM_NO_RLIMIT)
	{
	// Set maximum number of open file descriptors
	#define MIN_OPENFILES 10240
	struct rlimit maxfds, newfds;

	// Due to bugs in OS X (<rdar://problem/2941095>, <rdar://problem/3342704>, <rdar://problem/3839173>)
	// you have to get and set rlimits once before getrlimit will return sensible values
	if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &maxfds) < 0) { my_perror("ERROR: Unable to get file descriptor limit"); return 0; }
	if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &maxfds) < 0) my_perror("ERROR: Unable to set maximum file descriptor limit");

	if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &maxfds) < 0) { my_perror("ERROR: Unable to get file descriptor limit"); return 0; }
	newfds.rlim_max = (maxfds.rlim_max > MIN_OPENFILES) ? maxfds.rlim_max : MIN_OPENFILES;
	newfds.rlim_cur = (maxfds.rlim_cur > MIN_OPENFILES) ? maxfds.rlim_cur : MIN_OPENFILES;
	if (newfds.rlim_max != maxfds.rlim_max || newfds.rlim_cur != maxfds.rlim_cur)
		if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &newfds) < 0) my_perror("ERROR: Unable to set maximum file descriptor limit");

	if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &maxfds) < 0) { my_perror("ERROR: Unable to get file descriptor limit"); return 0; }
	debugf("maxfds.rlim_max %d", (long)maxfds.rlim_max);
	debugf("maxfds.rlim_cur %d", (long)maxfds.rlim_cur);
	}
#endif

	// We start a "LocalOnly" query looking for Automatic Browse Domain records.
	// When Domain Enumeration in uDNS.c finds an "lb" record from the network, its "FoundDomain" routine
	// creates a "LocalOnly" record, which results in our AutomaticBrowseDomainChange callback being invoked
	mDNS_GetDomains(&mDNSStorage, &mDNSStorage.AutomaticBrowseDomainQ, mDNS_DomainTypeBrowseAutomatic,
		mDNSNULL, mDNSInterface_LocalOnly, AutomaticBrowseDomainChange, mDNSNULL);

	// Add "local" as recommended registration domain ("dns-sd -E"), recommended browsing domain ("dns-sd -F"), and automatic browsing domain
	RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(&mDNSStorage, &localdomain, mDNS_DomainTypeRegistration);
	RegisterLocalOnlyDomainEnumPTR(&mDNSStorage, &localdomain, mDNS_DomainTypeBrowse);
	AddAutoBrowseDomain(0, &localdomain);

	udsserver_handle_configchange(&mDNSStorage);
	return 0;

error:

	my_perror("ERROR: udsserver_init");
	return -1;
	}

mDNSexport int udsserver_exit(void)
	{
	// Cancel all outstanding client requests
	while (all_requests) AbortUnlinkAndFree(all_requests);

	// Clean up any special mDNSInterface_LocalOnly records we created, both the entries for "local" we
	// created in udsserver_init, and others we created as a result of reading local configuration data
	while (LocalDomainEnumRecords)
		{
		ARListElem *rem = LocalDomainEnumRecords;
		LocalDomainEnumRecords = LocalDomainEnumRecords->next;
		mDNS_Deregister(&mDNSStorage, &rem->ar);
		}

	// If the launching environment created no listening socket,
	// that means we created it ourselves, so we should clean it up on exit
	if (dnssd_SocketValid(listenfd))
		{
		dnssd_close(listenfd);
#if !defined(USE_TCP_LOOPBACK)
		// Currently, we're unable to remove /var/run/mdnsd because we've changed to userid "nobody"
		// to give up unnecessary privilege, but we need to be root to remove this Unix Domain Socket.
		// It would be nice if we could find a solution to this problem
		if (unlink(MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH))
			debugf("Unable to remove %s", MDNS_UDS_SERVERPATH);
#endif
		}

	if (PID_FILE[0]) unlink(PID_FILE);

	return 0;
	}

mDNSlocal void LogClientInfo(mDNS *const m, const request_state *req)
	{
	char prefix[16];
	if (req->primary) mDNS_snprintf(prefix, sizeof(prefix), " -> ");
	else mDNS_snprintf(prefix, sizeof(prefix), "%3d:", req->sd);

	usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);

	if (!req->terminate)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s No operation yet on this socket", prefix);
	else if (req->terminate == connection_termination)
		{
		int num_records = 0, num_ops = 0;
		const registered_record_entry *p;
		const request_state *r;
		for (p = req->u.reg_recs; p; p=p->next) num_records++;
		for (r = req->next; r; r=r->next) if (r->primary == req) num_ops++;
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceCreateConnection: %d registered record%s, %d kDNSServiceFlagsShareConnection operation%s", prefix,
			num_records, num_records != 1 ? "s" : "",
			num_ops,     num_ops     != 1 ? "s" : "");
		for (p = req->u.reg_recs; p; p=p->next)
			LogMsgNoIdent(" ->  DNSServiceRegisterRecord %3d %s", p->key, ARDisplayString(m, p->rr));
		for (r = req->next; r; r=r->next) if (r->primary == req) LogClientInfo(m, r);
		}
	else if (req->terminate == regservice_termination_callback)
		{
		service_instance *ptr;
		for (ptr = req->u.servicereg.instances; ptr; ptr = ptr->next)
			LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceRegister         %##s %u/%u",
				(ptr == req->u.servicereg.instances) ? prefix : "    ",
				ptr->srs.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c, mDNSVal16(req->u.servicereg.port), SRS_PORT(&ptr->srs));
		}
	else if (req->terminate == browse_termination_callback)
		{
		browser_t *blist;
		for (blist = req->u.browser.browsers; blist; blist = blist->next)
			LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceBrowse           %##s", (blist == req->u.browser.browsers) ? prefix : "    ", blist->q.qname.c);
		}
	else if (req->terminate == resolve_termination_callback)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceResolve          %##s", prefix, req->u.resolve.qsrv.qname.c);
	else if (req->terminate == queryrecord_termination_callback)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceQueryRecord      %##s (%s)", prefix, req->u.queryrecord.q.qname.c, DNSTypeName(req->u.queryrecord.q.qtype));
	else if (req->terminate == enum_termination_callback)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceEnumerateDomains %##s", prefix, req->u.enumeration.q_all.qname.c);
	else if (req->terminate == port_mapping_termination_callback)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceNATPortMapping   %.4a %s%s Int %d Req %d Ext %d Req TTL %d Granted TTL %d",
			prefix,
			&req->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalAddress,
			req->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol & NATOp_MapTCP ? "TCP" : "   ",
			req->u.pm.NATinfo.Protocol & NATOp_MapUDP ? "UDP" : "   ",
			mDNSVal16(req->u.pm.NATinfo.IntPort),
			mDNSVal16(req->u.pm.ReqExt),
			mDNSVal16(req->u.pm.NATinfo.ExternalPort),
			req->u.pm.NATinfo.NATLease,
			req->u.pm.NATinfo.Lifetime);
	else if (req->terminate == addrinfo_termination_callback)
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s DNSServiceGetAddrInfo      %s%s %##s", prefix,
			req->u.addrinfo.protocol & kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv4 ? "v4" : "  ",
			req->u.addrinfo.protocol & kDNSServiceProtocol_IPv6 ? "v6" : "  ",
			req->u.addrinfo.q4.qname.c);
	else
		LogMsgNoIdent("%s Unrecognized operation %p", prefix, req->terminate);
	}

mDNSlocal char *RecordTypeName(mDNSu8 rtype)
	{
	switch (rtype)
		{
		case kDNSRecordTypeUnregistered:  return ("Unregistered ");
		case kDNSRecordTypeDeregistering: return ("Deregistering");
		case kDNSRecordTypeUnique:        return ("Unique       ");
		case kDNSRecordTypeAdvisory:      return ("Advisory     ");
		case kDNSRecordTypeShared:        return ("Shared       ");
		case kDNSRecordTypeVerified:      return ("Verified     ");
		case kDNSRecordTypeKnownUnique:   return ("KnownUnique  ");
		default: return("Unknown");
		}
	}

mDNSlocal void LogEtcHosts(mDNS *const m)
	{
	mDNSBool showheader = mDNStrue;
	const AuthRecord *ar;
	mDNSu32 slot;
	AuthGroup *ag;
	int count = 0;
	int authslot = 0;
	mDNSBool truncated = 0;

	for (slot = 0; slot < AUTH_HASH_SLOTS; slot++)
		{
		if (m->rrauth.rrauth_hash[slot]) authslot++;
		for (ag = m->rrauth.rrauth_hash[slot]; ag; ag = ag->next)
			for (ar = ag->members; ar; ar = ar->next)
				{
				if (ar->RecordCallback != FreeEtcHosts) continue;
				if (showheader) { showheader = mDNSfalse; LogMsgNoIdent("  State       Interface"); }
		
				// Print a maximum of 50 records
				if (count++ >= 50) { truncated = mDNStrue; continue; }
				if (ar->ARType == AuthRecordLocalOnly)
					{
					if (ar->resrec.InterfaceID == mDNSInterface_LocalOnly)
						LogMsgNoIdent(" %s   LO %s", RecordTypeName(ar->resrec.RecordType), ARDisplayString(m, ar));
					else
						{
						mDNSu32 scopeid  = (mDNSu32)(uintptr_t)ar->resrec.InterfaceID;
						LogMsgNoIdent(" %s   %u  %s", RecordTypeName(ar->resrec.RecordType), scopeid, ARDisplayString(m, ar));
						}
					}
				usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
				}
		}

	if (showheader) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else if (truncated) LogMsgNoIdent("<Truncated: to 50 records, Total records %d, Total Auth Groups %d, Auth Slots %d>", count, m->rrauth.rrauth_totalused, authslot);
	}

mDNSlocal void LogLocalOnlyAuthRecords(mDNS *const m)
	{
	mDNSBool showheader = mDNStrue;
	const AuthRecord *ar;
	mDNSu32 slot;
	AuthGroup *ag;

	for (slot = 0; slot < AUTH_HASH_SLOTS; slot++)
		{
		for (ag = m->rrauth.rrauth_hash[slot]; ag; ag = ag->next)
			for (ar = ag->members; ar; ar = ar->next)
				{
				if (ar->RecordCallback == FreeEtcHosts) continue;
				if (showheader) { showheader = mDNSfalse; LogMsgNoIdent("  State       Interface"); }
		
				// Print a maximum of 400 records
				if (ar->ARType == AuthRecordLocalOnly)
					LogMsgNoIdent(" %s   LO %s", RecordTypeName(ar->resrec.RecordType), ARDisplayString(m, ar));
				else if (ar->ARType == AuthRecordP2P)
					LogMsgNoIdent(" %s   PP %s", RecordTypeName(ar->resrec.RecordType), ARDisplayString(m, ar));
				usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
				}
		}

	if (showheader) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	}

mDNSlocal void LogAuthRecords(mDNS *const m, const mDNSs32 now, AuthRecord *ResourceRecords, int *proxy)
	{
	mDNSBool showheader = mDNStrue;
	const AuthRecord *ar;
	OwnerOptData owner = zeroOwner;
	for (ar = ResourceRecords; ar; ar=ar->next)
		{
		const char *const ifname = InterfaceNameForID(m, ar->resrec.InterfaceID);
		if ((ar->WakeUp.HMAC.l[0] != 0) == (proxy != mDNSNULL))
			{
			if (showheader) { showheader = mDNSfalse; LogMsgNoIdent("    Int    Next  Expire   State"); }
			if (proxy) (*proxy)++;
			if (!mDNSPlatformMemSame(&owner, &ar->WakeUp, sizeof(owner)))
				{
				owner = ar->WakeUp;
				if (owner.password.l[0])
					LogMsgNoIdent("Proxying for H-MAC %.6a I-MAC %.6a Password %.6a seq %d", &owner.HMAC, &owner.IMAC, &owner.password, owner.seq);
				else if (!mDNSSameEthAddress(&owner.HMAC, &owner.IMAC))
					LogMsgNoIdent("Proxying for H-MAC %.6a I-MAC %.6a seq %d",               &owner.HMAC, &owner.IMAC,                  owner.seq);
				else
					LogMsgNoIdent("Proxying for %.6a seq %d",                                &owner.HMAC,                               owner.seq);
				}
			if (AuthRecord_uDNS(ar))
				LogMsgNoIdent("%7d %7d %7d %7d %s",
					ar->ThisAPInterval / mDNSPlatformOneSecond,
					(ar->LastAPTime + ar->ThisAPInterval - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond,
					ar->expire ? (ar->expire - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond : 0,
					ar->state, ARDisplayString(m, ar));
			else if (ar->ARType == AuthRecordLocalOnly)
				LogMsgNoIdent("                             LO %s", ARDisplayString(m, ar));
			else if (ar->ARType == AuthRecordP2P)
				LogMsgNoIdent("                             PP %s", ARDisplayString(m, ar));
			else
				LogMsgNoIdent("%7d %7d %7d %7s %s",
					ar->ThisAPInterval / mDNSPlatformOneSecond,
					ar->AnnounceCount ? (ar->LastAPTime + ar->ThisAPInterval - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond : 0,
					ar->TimeExpire    ? (ar->TimeExpire                      - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond : 0,
					ifname ? ifname : "ALL",
					ARDisplayString(m, ar));
			usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
			}
		}
	if (showheader) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	}

mDNSexport void udsserver_info(mDNS *const m)
	{
	const mDNSs32 now = mDNS_TimeNow(m);
	mDNSu32 CacheUsed = 0, CacheActive = 0, slot;
	int ProxyA = 0, ProxyD = 0;
	const CacheGroup *cg;
	const CacheRecord *cr;
	const DNSQuestion *q;
	const DNameListElem *d;
	const SearchListElem *s;

	LogMsgNoIdent("Timenow 0x%08lX (%d)", (mDNSu32)now, now);

	LogMsgNoIdent("------------ Cache -------------");
	LogMsgNoIdent("Slt Q     TTL if     U Type rdlen");
	for (slot = 0; slot < CACHE_HASH_SLOTS; slot++)
		for (cg = m->rrcache_hash[slot]; cg; cg=cg->next)
			{
			CacheUsed++;	// Count one cache entity for the CacheGroup object
			for (cr = cg->members; cr; cr=cr->next)
				{
				const mDNSs32 remain = cr->resrec.rroriginalttl - (now - cr->TimeRcvd) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond;
				const char *ifname;
				mDNSInterfaceID InterfaceID = cr->resrec.InterfaceID;
				if (!InterfaceID && cr->resrec.rDNSServer)
					InterfaceID = cr->resrec.rDNSServer->interface;
				ifname = InterfaceNameForID(m, InterfaceID);
				CacheUsed++;
				if (cr->CRActiveQuestion) CacheActive++;
				LogMsgNoIdent("%3d %s%8ld %-7s%s %-6s%s",
					slot,
					cr->CRActiveQuestion ? "*" : " ",
					remain,
					ifname ? ifname : "-U-",
					(cr->resrec.RecordType == kDNSRecordTypePacketNegative)  ? "-" :
					(cr->resrec.RecordType & kDNSRecordTypePacketUniqueMask) ? " " : "+",
					DNSTypeName(cr->resrec.rrtype),
					CRDisplayString(m, cr));
				usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
				}
			}

	if (m->rrcache_totalused != CacheUsed)
		LogMsgNoIdent("Cache use mismatch: rrcache_totalused is %lu, true count %lu", m->rrcache_totalused, CacheUsed);
	if (m->rrcache_active != CacheActive)
		LogMsgNoIdent("Cache use mismatch: rrcache_active is %lu, true count %lu", m->rrcache_active, CacheActive);
	LogMsgNoIdent("Cache currently contains %lu entities; %lu referenced by active questions", CacheUsed, CacheActive);

	LogMsgNoIdent("--------- Auth Records ---------");
	LogAuthRecords(m, now, m->ResourceRecords, mDNSNULL);

	LogMsgNoIdent("--------- LocalOnly, P2P Auth Records ---------");
	LogLocalOnlyAuthRecords(m);

	LogMsgNoIdent("--------- /etc/hosts ---------");
	LogEtcHosts(m);

	LogMsgNoIdent("------ Duplicate Records -------");
	LogAuthRecords(m, now, m->DuplicateRecords, mDNSNULL);

	LogMsgNoIdent("----- Auth Records Proxied -----");
	LogAuthRecords(m, now, m->ResourceRecords, &ProxyA);

	LogMsgNoIdent("-- Duplicate Records Proxied ---");
	LogAuthRecords(m, now, m->DuplicateRecords, &ProxyD);

	LogMsgNoIdent("---------- Questions -----------");
	if (!m->Questions) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else
		{
		CacheUsed = 0;
		CacheActive = 0;
		LogMsgNoIdent("   Int  Next if     T  NumAns VDNS    Qptr     DupOf    SU SQ Type Name");
		for (q = m->Questions; q; q=q->next)
			{
			mDNSs32 i = q->ThisQInterval / mDNSPlatformOneSecond;
			mDNSs32 n = (NextQSendTime(q) - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond;
			char *ifname = InterfaceNameForID(m, q->InterfaceID);
			CacheUsed++;
			if (q->ThisQInterval) CacheActive++;
			LogMsgNoIdent("%6d%6d %-7s%s%s %5d 0x%x%x 0x%p 0x%p %1d %2d %-5s%##s%s",
				i, n,
				ifname ? ifname : mDNSOpaque16IsZero(q->TargetQID) ? "" : "-U-",
				mDNSOpaque16IsZero(q->TargetQID) ? (q->LongLived ? "l" : " ") : (q->LongLived ? "L" : "O"),
				PrivateQuery(q)    ? "P" : " ",
				q->CurrentAnswers, q->validDNSServers.l[1], q->validDNSServers.l[0], q, q->DuplicateOf,
				q->SuppressUnusable, q->SuppressQuery, DNSTypeName(q->qtype), q->qname.c, q->DuplicateOf ? " (dup)" : "");
			usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
			}
		LogMsgNoIdent("%lu question%s; %lu active", CacheUsed, CacheUsed > 1 ? "s" : "", CacheActive);
		}

	LogMsgNoIdent("----- Local-Only Questions -----");
	if (!m->LocalOnlyQuestions) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else for (q = m->LocalOnlyQuestions; q; q=q->next)
		LogMsgNoIdent("                       %5d  %-6s%##s%s",
			q->CurrentAnswers, DNSTypeName(q->qtype), q->qname.c, q->DuplicateOf ? " (dup)" : "");

	LogMsgNoIdent("---- Active Client Requests ----");
	if (!all_requests) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else
		{
		const request_state *req, *r;
		for (req = all_requests; req; req=req->next)
			{
			if (req->primary)	// If this is a subbordinate operation, check that the parent is in the list
				{
				for (r = all_requests; r && r != req; r=r->next) if (r == req->primary) goto foundparent;
				LogMsgNoIdent("%3d: Orhpan operation %p; parent %p not found in request list", req->sd);
				}
			// For non-subbordinate operations, and subbordinate operations that have lost their parent, write out their info
			LogClientInfo(m, req);
			foundparent:;
			}
		}

	LogMsgNoIdent("-------- NAT Traversals --------");
	if (!m->NATTraversals) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else
		{
		const NATTraversalInfo *nat;
		for (nat = m->NATTraversals; nat; nat=nat->next)
			{
			if (nat->Protocol)
				LogMsgNoIdent("%p %s Int %5d Ext %5d Err %d Retry %5d Interval %5d Expire %5d",
					nat, nat->Protocol == NATOp_MapTCP ? "TCP" : "UDP",
					mDNSVal16(nat->IntPort), mDNSVal16(nat->ExternalPort), nat->Result,
					nat->retryPortMap ? (nat->retryPortMap - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond : 0,
					nat->retryInterval / mDNSPlatformOneSecond,
					nat->ExpiryTime ? (nat->ExpiryTime - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond : 0);
			else
				LogMsgNoIdent("%p Address Request               Retry %5d Interval %5d", nat,
					(m->retryGetAddr - now) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond,
					m->retryIntervalGetAddr / mDNSPlatformOneSecond);
			usleep((m->KnownBugs & mDNS_KnownBug_LossySyslog) ? 3333 : 1000);
			}
		}

	LogMsgNoIdent("--------- AuthInfoList ---------");
	if (!m->AuthInfoList) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else
		{
		const DomainAuthInfo *a;
		for (a = m->AuthInfoList; a; a = a->next)
			LogMsgNoIdent("%##s %##s %##s %d %s", a->domain.c, a->keyname.c, a->hostname.c, (a->port.b[0] << 8 | a->port.b[1]), a->AutoTunnel ? a->AutoTunnel : "");
		}

	#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder
	LogMsgNoIdent("--------- TunnelClients --------");
	if (!m->TunnelClients) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else
		{
		const ClientTunnel *c;
		for (c = m->TunnelClients; c; c = c->next)
			LogMsgNoIdent("%s %##s local %.16a %.4a %.16a remote %.16a %.4a %5d %.16a interval %d",
				c->prefix, c->dstname.c, &c->loc_inner, &c->loc_outer, &c->loc_outer6, &c->rmt_inner, &c->rmt_outer, mDNSVal16(c->rmt_outer_port), &c->rmt_outer6, c->q.ThisQInterval);
		}
	#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder

	LogMsgNoIdent("---------- Misc State ----------");

	LogMsgNoIdent("PrimaryMAC:   %.6a", &m->PrimaryMAC);

	LogMsgNoIdent("m->SleepState %d (%s) seq %d",
		m->SleepState,
		m->SleepState == SleepState_Awake        ? "Awake"        :
		m->SleepState == SleepState_Transferring ? "Transferring" : 
		m->SleepState == SleepState_Sleeping     ? "Sleeping"     : "?",
		m->SleepSeqNum);

	if (!m->SPSSocket) LogMsgNoIdent("Not offering Sleep Proxy Service");
	else LogMsgNoIdent("Offering Sleep Proxy Service: %#s", m->SPSRecords.RR_SRV.resrec.name->c);

	if (m->ProxyRecords == ProxyA + ProxyD) LogMsgNoIdent("ProxyRecords: %d + %d = %d", ProxyA, ProxyD, ProxyA + ProxyD);
	else LogMsgNoIdent("ProxyRecords: MISMATCH %d + %d = %d ≠ %d", ProxyA, ProxyD, ProxyA + ProxyD, m->ProxyRecords);

	LogMsgNoIdent("------ Auto Browse Domains -----");
	if (!AutoBrowseDomains) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else for (d=AutoBrowseDomains; d; d=d->next) LogMsgNoIdent("%##s", d->name.c);

	LogMsgNoIdent("--- Auto Registration Domains --");
	if (!AutoRegistrationDomains) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
	else for (d=AutoRegistrationDomains; d; d=d->next) LogMsgNoIdent("%##s", d->name.c);

 	LogMsgNoIdent("--- Search Domains --");
 	if (!SearchList) LogMsgNoIdent("<None>");
 	else
 		{
 		for (s=SearchList; s; s=s->next)
 			{
 			char *ifname = InterfaceNameForID(m, s->InterfaceID);
 			LogMsgNoIdent("%##s %s", s->domain.c, ifname ? ifname : "");
 			}
 		}

	LogMsgNoIdent("---- Task Scheduling Timers ----");

	if (!m->NewQuestions)
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewQuestion <NONE>");
	else
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewQuestion DelayAnswering %d %d %##s (%s)",
			m->NewQuestions->DelayAnswering, m->NewQuestions->DelayAnswering-now,
			m->NewQuestions->qname.c, DNSTypeName(m->NewQuestions->qtype));

	if (!m->NewLocalOnlyQuestions)
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewLocalOnlyQuestions <NONE>");
	else
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewLocalOnlyQuestions %##s (%s)",
			m->NewLocalOnlyQuestions->qname.c, DNSTypeName(m->NewLocalOnlyQuestions->qtype));

	if (!m->NewLocalRecords)
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewLocalRecords <NONE>");
	else
		LogMsgNoIdent("NewLocalRecords %02X %s", m->NewLocalRecords->resrec.RecordType, ARDisplayString(m, m->NewLocalRecords));

	LogMsgNoIdent("SPSProxyListChanged%s", m->SPSProxyListChanged ? "" : " <NONE>");
	LogMsgNoIdent("LocalRemoveEvents%s",   m->LocalRemoveEvents   ? "" : " <NONE>");
	LogMsgNoIdent("m->RegisterAutoTunnel6  %08X", m->RegisterAutoTunnel6);
	LogMsgNoIdent("m->AutoTunnelRelayAddrIn  %.16a", &m->AutoTunnelRelayAddrIn);
	LogMsgNoIdent("m->AutoTunnelRelayAddrOut  %.16a", &m->AutoTunnelRelayAddrOut);

#define LogTimer(MSG,T) LogMsgNoIdent( MSG " %08X %11d  %08X %11d", (T), (T), (T)-now, (T)-now)

	LogMsgNoIdent("                         ABS (hex)  ABS (dec)  REL (hex)  REL (dec)");
	LogMsgNoIdent("m->timenow               %08X %11d", now, now);
	LogMsgNoIdent("m->timenow_adjust        %08X %11d", m->timenow_adjust, m->timenow_adjust);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledEvent   ", m->NextScheduledEvent);

#ifndef UNICAST_DISABLED
	LogTimer("m->NextuDNSEvent        ", m->NextuDNSEvent);
	LogTimer("m->NextSRVUpdate        ", m->NextSRVUpdate);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledNATOp   ", m->NextScheduledNATOp);
	LogTimer("m->retryGetAddr         ", m->retryGetAddr);
#endif

	LogTimer("m->NextCacheCheck       ", m->NextCacheCheck);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledSPS     ", m->NextScheduledSPS);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledSPRetry ", m->NextScheduledSPRetry);
	LogTimer("m->DelaySleep           ", m->DelaySleep);

	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledQuery   ", m->NextScheduledQuery);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledProbe   ", m->NextScheduledProbe);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledResponse", m->NextScheduledResponse);

	LogTimer("m->SuppressSending      ", m->SuppressSending);
	LogTimer("m->SuppressProbes       ", m->SuppressProbes);
	LogTimer("m->ProbeFailTime        ", m->ProbeFailTime);
	LogTimer("m->DelaySleep           ", m->DelaySleep);
	LogTimer("m->SleepLimit           ", m->SleepLimit);
	LogTimer("m->NextScheduledStopTime ", m->NextScheduledStopTime);
	}

#if APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder && MACOSX_MDNS_MALLOC_DEBUGGING
mDNSexport void uds_validatelists(void)
	{
	const request_state *req, *p;
	for (req = all_requests; req; req=req->next)
		{
		if (req->next == (request_state *)~0 || (req->sd < 0 && req->sd != -2))
			LogMemCorruption("UDS request list: %p is garbage (%d)", req, req->sd);

		if (req->primary == req)
			LogMemCorruption("UDS request list: req->primary should not point to self %p/%d", req, req->sd);

		if (req->primary && req->replies)
			LogMemCorruption("UDS request list: Subordinate request %p/%d/%p should not have replies (%p)",
				req, req->sd, req->primary && req->replies);

		p = req->primary;
		if ((long)p & 3)
			LogMemCorruption("UDS request list: req %p primary %p is misaligned (%d)", req, p, req->sd);
		else if (p && (p->next == (request_state *)~0 || (p->sd < 0 && p->sd != -2)))
			LogMemCorruption("UDS request list: req %p primary %p is garbage (%d)", req, p, p->sd);

		reply_state *rep;
		for (rep = req->replies; rep; rep=rep->next)
		  if (rep->next == (reply_state *)~0)
			LogMemCorruption("UDS req->replies: %p is garbage", rep);

		if (req->terminate == connection_termination)
			{
			registered_record_entry *r;
			for (r = req->u.reg_recs; r; r=r->next)
				if (r->next == (registered_record_entry *)~0)
					LogMemCorruption("UDS req->u.reg_recs: %p is garbage", r);
			}
		else if (req->terminate == regservice_termination_callback)
			{
			service_instance *s;
			for (s = req->u.servicereg.instances; s; s=s->next)
				if (s->next == (service_instance *)~0)
					LogMemCorruption("UDS req->u.servicereg.instances: %p is garbage", s);
			}
		else if (req->terminate == browse_termination_callback)
			{
			browser_t *b;
			for (b = req->u.browser.browsers; b; b=b->next)
				if (b->next == (browser_t *)~0)
					LogMemCorruption("UDS req->u.browser.browsers: %p is garbage", b);
			}
		}

	DNameListElem *d;
	for (d = SCPrefBrowseDomains; d; d=d->next)
		if (d->next == (DNameListElem *)~0 || d->name.c[0] > 63)
			LogMemCorruption("SCPrefBrowseDomains: %p is garbage (%d)", d, d->name.c[0]);

	ARListElem *b;
	for (b = LocalDomainEnumRecords; b; b=b->next)
		if (b->next == (ARListElem *)~0 || b->ar.resrec.name->c[0] > 63)
			LogMemCorruption("LocalDomainEnumRecords: %p is garbage (%d)", b, b->ar.resrec.name->c[0]);

	for (d = AutoBrowseDomains; d; d=d->next)
		if (d->next == (DNameListElem *)~0 || d->name.c[0] > 63)
			LogMemCorruption("AutoBrowseDomains: %p is garbage (%d)", d, d->name.c[0]);

	for (d = AutoRegistrationDomains; d; d=d->next)
		if (d->next == (DNameListElem *)~0 || d->name.c[0] > 63)
			LogMemCorruption("AutoRegistrationDomains: %p is garbage (%d)", d, d->name.c[0]);
	}
#endif // APPLE_OSX_mDNSResponder && MACOSX_MDNS_MALLOC_DEBUGGING

mDNSlocal int send_msg(request_state *const req)
	{
	reply_state *const rep = req->replies;		// Send the first waiting reply
	ssize_t nwriten;
	if (req->no_reply) return(t_complete);

	ConvertHeaderBytes(rep->mhdr);
	nwriten = send(req->sd, (char *)&rep->mhdr + rep->nwriten, rep->totallen - rep->nwriten, 0);
	ConvertHeaderBytes(rep->mhdr);

	if (nwriten < 0)
		{
		if (dnssd_errno == dnssd_EINTR || dnssd_errno == dnssd_EWOULDBLOCK) nwriten = 0;
		else
			{
#if !defined(PLATFORM_NO_EPIPE)
			if (dnssd_errno == EPIPE)
				return(req->ts = t_terminated);
			else
#endif
				{
				LogMsg("send_msg ERROR: failed to write %d of %d bytes to fd %d errno %d (%s)",
					rep->totallen - rep->nwriten, rep->totallen, req->sd, dnssd_errno, dnssd_strerror(dnssd_errno));
				return(t_error);
				}
			}
		}
	rep->nwriten += nwriten;
	return (rep->nwriten == rep->totallen) ? t_complete : t_morecoming;
	}

mDNSexport mDNSs32 udsserver_idle(mDNSs32 nextevent)
	{
	mDNSs32 now = mDNS_TimeNow(&mDNSStorage);
	request_state **req = &all_requests;

	while (*req)
		{
		request_state *const r = *req;

		if (r->terminate == resolve_termination_callback)
			if (r->u.resolve.ReportTime && now - r->u.resolve.ReportTime >= 0)
				{
				r->u.resolve.ReportTime = 0;
				LogMsgNoIdent("Client application bug: DNSServiceResolve(%##s) active for over two minutes. "
					"This places considerable burden on the network.", r->u.resolve.qsrv.qname.c);
				}

		// Note: Only primary req's have reply lists, not subordinate req's.
		while (r->replies)		// Send queued replies
			{
			transfer_state result;
			if (r->replies->next) r->replies->rhdr->flags |= dnssd_htonl(kDNSServiceFlagsMoreComing);
			result = send_msg(r);	// Returns t_morecoming if buffer full because client is not reading
			if (result == t_complete)
				{
				reply_state *fptr = r->replies;
				r->replies = r->replies->next;
				freeL("reply_state/udsserver_idle", fptr);
				r->time_blocked = 0; // reset failure counter after successful send
				r->unresponsiveness_reports = 0;
				continue;
				}
			else if (result == t_terminated || result == t_error)
				{
				LogMsg("%3d: Could not write data to client because of error - aborting connection", r->sd);
				LogClientInfo(&mDNSStorage, r);
				abort_request(r);
				}
			break;
			}

		if (r->replies)		// If we failed to send everything, check our time_blocked timer
			{
			if (nextevent - now > mDNSPlatformOneSecond) nextevent = now + mDNSPlatformOneSecond;

			if (mDNSStorage.SleepState != SleepState_Awake) r->time_blocked = 0;
			else if (!r->time_blocked) r->time_blocked = NonZeroTime(now);
			else if (now - r->time_blocked >= 10 * mDNSPlatformOneSecond * (r->unresponsiveness_reports+1))
				{
				int num = 0;
				struct reply_state *x = r->replies;
				while (x) { num++; x=x->next; }
				LogMsg("%3d: Could not write data to client after %ld seconds, %d repl%s waiting",
					r->sd, (now - r->time_blocked) / mDNSPlatformOneSecond, num, num == 1 ? "y" : "ies");
				if (++r->unresponsiveness_reports >= 60)
					{
					LogMsg("%3d: Client unresponsive; aborting connection", r->sd);
					LogClientInfo(&mDNSStorage, r);
					abort_request(r);
					}
				}
			}

		if (!dnssd_SocketValid(r->sd)) // If this request is finished, unlink it from the list and free the memory
			{
			// Since we're already doing a list traversal, we unlink the request directly instead of using AbortUnlinkAndFree()
			*req = r->next;
			freeL("request_state/udsserver_idle", r);
			}
		else
			req = &r->next;
		}
	return nextevent;
	}

struct CompileTimeAssertionChecks_uds_daemon
	{
	// Check our structures are reasonable sizes. Including overly-large buffers, or embedding
	// other overly-large structures instead of having a pointer to them, can inadvertently
	// cause structure sizes (and therefore memory usage) to balloon unreasonably.
	char sizecheck_request_state          [(sizeof(request_state)           <= 1784) ? 1 : -1];
	char sizecheck_registered_record_entry[(sizeof(registered_record_entry) <=   60) ? 1 : -1];
	char sizecheck_service_instance       [(sizeof(service_instance)        <= 6552) ? 1 : -1];
	char sizecheck_browser_t              [(sizeof(browser_t)               <= 1050) ? 1 : -1];
	char sizecheck_reply_hdr              [(sizeof(reply_hdr)               <=   12) ? 1 : -1];
	char sizecheck_reply_state            [(sizeof(reply_state)             <=   64) ? 1 : -1];
	};