fibheap.h   [plain text]

/* A Fibonacci heap datatype.
   Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Contributed by Daniel Berlin (

This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor,
Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */

/* Fibonacci heaps are somewhat complex, but, there's an article in
   DDJ that explains them pretty well:

   Introduction to algorithms by Corman and Rivest also goes over them.

   The original paper that introduced them is "Fibonacci heaps and their
   uses in improved network optimization algorithms" by Tarjan and
   Fredman (JACM 34(3), July 1987).

   Amortized and real worst case time for operations:

   ExtractMin: O(lg n) amortized. O(n) worst case.
   DecreaseKey: O(1) amortized.  O(lg n) worst case. 
   Insert: O(2) amortized. O(1) actual.  
   Union: O(1) amortized. O(1) actual.  */

#ifndef _FIBHEAP_H_
#define _FIBHEAP_H_

#include "ansidecl.h"

typedef long fibheapkey_t;

typedef struct fibheap
  size_t nodes;
  struct fibnode *min;
  struct fibnode *root;
} *fibheap_t;

typedef struct fibnode
  struct fibnode *parent;
  struct fibnode *child;
  struct fibnode *left;
  struct fibnode *right;
  fibheapkey_t key;
  void *data;
#if defined (__GNUC__) && (!defined (SIZEOF_INT) || SIZEOF_INT < 4)
  __extension__ unsigned long int degree : 31;
  __extension__ unsigned long int mark : 1;
  unsigned int degree : 31;
  unsigned int mark : 1;
} *fibnode_t;

extern fibheap_t fibheap_new (void);
extern fibnode_t fibheap_insert (fibheap_t, fibheapkey_t, void *);
extern int fibheap_empty (fibheap_t);
extern fibheapkey_t fibheap_min_key (fibheap_t);
extern fibheapkey_t fibheap_replace_key (fibheap_t, fibnode_t,
extern void *fibheap_replace_key_data (fibheap_t, fibnode_t,
                                       fibheapkey_t, void *);
extern void *fibheap_extract_min (fibheap_t);
extern void *fibheap_min (fibheap_t);
extern void *fibheap_replace_data (fibheap_t, fibnode_t, void *);
extern void *fibheap_delete_node (fibheap_t, fibnode_t);
extern void fibheap_delete (fibheap_t);
extern fibheap_t fibheap_union (fibheap_t, fibheap_t);

#endif /* _FIBHEAP_H_ */