.\" .\" Copyright (c) 2008 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. .\" .\" @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@ .\" .\" This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code .\" as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License .\" Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in .\" compliance with the License. Please obtain a copy of the License at .\" http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this .\" file. .\" .\" The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are .\" distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER .\" EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES, .\" INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, .\" FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. .\" Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and .\" limitations under the License. .\" .\" @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@ .\" .Dd 2/25/08 \" DATE .Dt libutil 3 \" Program name and manual section number .Os Mac OS X .Sh NAME \" Section Header - required - don't modify .\" The following lines are read in generating the apropos(man -k) database. Use only key .\" words here as the database is built based on the words here and in the .ND line. .Nm wipefs_alloc , .Nm wipefs_except_blocks , .Nm wipefs_wipe , .Nm wipefs_free .\" Use .Nm macro to designate other names for the documented program. .Nd wipes existing file systems on a volume .Sh LIBRARY \" Section Header - required - don't modify .Lb libutil .Sh SYNOPSIS .In wipefs.h .Ft int .Fo wipefs_alloc .Fa "int file_desc" .Fa "size_t block_size" .Fa "wipefs_ctx *handlep" .Fc .Ft int .Fo wipefs_except_blocks .Fa "wipefs_ctx handle" .Fa "off_t blockoff" .Fa "off_t nblocks" .Fc .Ft int .Fo wipefs_wipe .Fa "wipefs_ctx handle" .Fc .Ft void .Fo wipefs_free .Fa "wipefs_ctx *handlep" .Fc .Sh DESCRIPTION \" Section Header - required - don't modify The wipefs family of functions wipe existing file systems on a volume. This is usually used by the newfs_* utilities before they create new file systems on the volume, so that the existing file system will not be mounted accidentally after the new file system is created. .Pp The .Fn wipefs_alloc function initializes a .Fa wipefs_ctx object (which is an opaque data type). .Fa file_desc is the file handle of the volume to be wiped, which can be a block device node, a character device node, or a file. .Fa file_desc must be opened with write access. If .Fa block_size is 0, this function calls .Xr ioctl 2 to get the block size. A valid .Fa block_size must be supplied if .Fa file_desc is a regular file. This function does not write any data to the volume. .Pp The .Fn wipefs_except_blocks function tells wipefs not to write anything in the block range provided. This function is used for performance optimizations if the caller will write to these blocks. It is the caller's responsibility to write to these blocks. Otherwise, some file systems may still be recognized on the volume. This function does not write any data to the volume. If this function is called multiple times, the union of all the ranges provided will be excluded from being written by .Fn wipefs_wipe . .Pp The .Fn wipefs_wipe function writes data to the volume to wipe out existing file systems on it. .Cm Caution: this function destroys any file system or partition scheme on the volume represented by .Fa file_desc . If .Fa file_desc represents the entire disk (e.g. /dev/diskX), the partition map of the disk will be destroyed. If .Fa file_desc represents a partition (e.g., /dev/diskXsY), only the file system in that partition is destroyed. Although the partition scheme or file system on .Fa file_desc may be beyond repair after .Fn wipefs_wipe , this function is not designed as a means to safely delete all data. It is possible that some user data (or intact file systems in some partitions) may still be recovered. .Pp The .Fn wipefs_free function frees the allocated .Fa wipefs_ctx handle and set .Fa *handlep to NULL. .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn wipefs_alloc , .Fn wipefs_except_blocks and .Fn wipefs_wipe functions return 0 on success, or will fail and return an error code. Each function may return .Fa ENOMEM if insufficient memory is available. In addition, if .Fa block_size is not provided, .Fn wipefs_alloc may return any error .Xr ioctl 2 returns; .Fn wipefs_wipe may return any error .Xr pwrite 2 returns. .\" .Sh BUGS \" Document known, unremedied bugs .\".Sh HISTORY \" Document history if command behaves in a unique manner .\"The wipefs family of functions first appeared in Mac OS X Leopard (10.5.3).