c-cppbuiltin.c   [plain text]

/* Define builtin-in macros for the C family front ends.
   Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "version.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "real.h"
#include "c-common.h"
#include "c-pragma.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "except.h"		/* For USING_SJLJ_EXCEPTIONS.  */
#include "toplev.h"
#include "tm_p.h"		/* Target prototypes.  */
#include "target.h"




/* Non-static as some targets don't use it.  */
void builtin_define_std (const char *) ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
static void builtin_define_with_value_n (const char *, const char *,
static void builtin_define_with_int_value (const char *, HOST_WIDE_INT);
static void builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (const char *, tree,
					      int, const char *,
					      const char *);
static void builtin_define_stdint_macros (void);
static void builtin_define_type_max (const char *, tree, int);
static void builtin_define_type_precision (const char *, tree);
static void builtin_define_float_constants (const char *, const char *,
static void define__GNUC__ (void);

/* Define NAME with value TYPE precision.  */
static void
builtin_define_type_precision (const char *name, tree type)
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, TYPE_PRECISION (type));

/* Define the float.h constants for TYPE using NAME_PREFIX and FP_SUFFIX.  */
static void
builtin_define_float_constants (const char *name_prefix, const char *fp_suffix, tree type)
  /* Used to convert radix-based values to base 10 values in several cases.

     In the max_exp -> max_10_exp conversion for 128-bit IEEE, we need at
     least 6 significant digits for correct results.  Using the fraction
     formed by (log(2)*1e6)/(log(10)*1e6) overflows a 32-bit integer as an
     intermediate; perhaps someone can find a better approximation, in the
     mean time, I suspect using doubles won't harm the bootstrap here.  */

  const double log10_2 = .30102999566398119521;
  double log10_b;
  const struct real_format *fmt;

  char name[64], buf[128];
  int dig, min_10_exp, max_10_exp;
  int decimal_dig;

  fmt = REAL_MODE_FORMAT (TYPE_MODE (type));

  /* The radix of the exponent representation.  */
  if (type == float_type_node)
    builtin_define_with_int_value ("__FLT_RADIX__", fmt->b);
  log10_b = log10_2 * fmt->log2_b;

  /* The number of radix digits, p, in the floating-point significand.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MANT_DIG__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, fmt->p);

  /* The number of decimal digits, q, such that any floating-point number
     with q decimal digits can be rounded into a floating-point number with
     p radix b digits and back again without change to the q decimal digits,

	p log10 b			if b is a power of 10
	floor((p - 1) log10 b)		otherwise
  dig = (fmt->p - 1) * log10_b;
  sprintf (name, "__%s_DIG__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, dig);

  /* The minimum negative int x such that b**(x-1) is a normalized float.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN_EXP__", name_prefix);
  sprintf (buf, "(%d)", fmt->emin);
  builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);

  /* The minimum negative int x such that 10**x is a normalized float,

	  ceil (log10 (b ** (emin - 1)))
	= ceil (log10 (b) * (emin - 1))

     Recall that emin is negative, so the integer truncation calculates
     the ceiling, not the floor, in this case.  */
  min_10_exp = (fmt->emin - 1) * log10_b;
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN_10_EXP__", name_prefix);
  sprintf (buf, "(%d)", min_10_exp);
  builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);

  /* The maximum int x such that b**(x-1) is a representable float.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX_EXP__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, fmt->emax);

  /* The maximum int x such that 10**x is in the range of representable
     finite floating-point numbers,

	  floor (log10((1 - b**-p) * b**emax))
	= floor (log10(1 - b**-p) + log10(b**emax))
	= floor (log10(1 - b**-p) + log10(b)*emax)

     The safest thing to do here is to just compute this number.  But since
     we don't link cc1 with libm, we cannot.  We could implement log10 here
     a series expansion, but that seems too much effort because:

     Note that the first term, for all extant p, is a number exceedingly close
     to zero, but slightly negative.  Note that the second term is an integer
     scaling an irrational number, and that because of the floor we are only
     interested in its integral portion.

     In order for the first term to have any effect on the integral portion
     of the second term, the second term has to be exceedingly close to an
     integer itself (e.g. 123.000000000001 or something).  Getting a result
     that close to an integer requires that the irrational multiplicand have
     a long series of zeros in its expansion, which doesn't occur in the
     first 20 digits or so of log10(b).

     Hand-waving aside, crunching all of the sets of constants above by hand
     does not yield a case for which the first term is significant, which
     in the end is all that matters.  */
  max_10_exp = fmt->emax * log10_b;
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX_10_EXP__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, max_10_exp);

  /* The number of decimal digits, n, such that any floating-point number
     can be rounded to n decimal digits and back again without change to
     the value.

	p * log10(b)			if b is a power of 10
	ceil(1 + p * log10(b))		otherwise

     The only macro we care about is this number for the widest supported
     floating type, but we want this value for rendering constants below.  */
    double d_decimal_dig = 1 + fmt->p * log10_b;
    decimal_dig = d_decimal_dig;
    if (decimal_dig < d_decimal_dig)
  if (type == long_double_type_node)
    builtin_define_with_int_value ("__DECIMAL_DIG__", decimal_dig);

  /* Since, for the supported formats, B is always a power of 2, we
     construct the following numbers directly as a hexadecimal
     constants.  */

  /* The maximum representable finite floating-point number,
     (1 - b**-p) * b**emax  */
    int i, n;
    char *p;

    strcpy (buf, "0x0.");
    n = fmt->p * fmt->log2_b;
    for (i = 0, p = buf + 4; i + 3 < n; i += 4)
      *p++ = 'f';
    if (i < n)
      *p++ = "08ce"[n - i];
    sprintf (p, "p%d", fmt->emax * fmt->log2_b);
    if (fmt->pnan < fmt->p)
	/* This is an IBM extended double format made up of two IEEE
	   doubles.  The value of the long double is the sum of the
	   values of the two parts.  The most significant part is
	   required to be the value of the long double rounded to the
	   nearest double.  Rounding means we need a slightly smaller
	   value for LDBL_MAX.  */
	buf[4 + fmt->pnan / 4] = "7bde"[fmt->pnan % 4];
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MAX__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);

  /* The minimum normalized positive floating-point number,
     b**(emin-1).  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_MIN__", name_prefix);
  sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (fmt->emin - 1) * fmt->log2_b);
  builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);

  /* The difference between 1 and the least value greater than 1 that is
     representable in the given floating point type, b**(1-p).  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_EPSILON__", name_prefix);
  if (fmt->pnan < fmt->p)
    /* This is an IBM extended double format, so 1.0 + any double is
       representable precisely.  */
      sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (fmt->emin - fmt->p) * fmt->log2_b);
      sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (1 - fmt->p) * fmt->log2_b);
  builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig, buf, fp_suffix);

  /* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::denorm_min.  The minimum denormalized
     positive floating-point number, b**(emin-p).  Zero for formats that
     don't support denormals.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_DENORM_MIN__", name_prefix);
  if (fmt->has_denorm)
      sprintf (buf, "0x1p%d", (fmt->emin - fmt->p) * fmt->log2_b);
      builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (name, type, decimal_dig,
					buf, fp_suffix);
      sprintf (buf, "0.0%s", fp_suffix);
      builtin_define_with_value (name, buf, 0);

  /* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::has_infinity.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_HAS_INFINITY__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name,
  /* For C++ std::numeric_limits<T>::has_quiet_NaN.  We do not have a
     predicate to distinguish a target that has both quiet and
     signalling NaNs from a target that has only quiet NaNs or only
     signalling NaNs, so we assume that a target that has any kind of
     NaN has quiet NaNs.  */
  sprintf (name, "__%s_HAS_QUIET_NAN__", name_prefix);
  builtin_define_with_int_value (name, MODE_HAS_NANS (TYPE_MODE (type)));

/* Define __GNUC__, __GNUC_MINOR__ and __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__.  */
static void
define__GNUC__ (void)
  /* The format of the version string, enforced below, is
     ([^0-9]*-)?[0-9]+[.][0-9]+([.][0-9]+)?([- ].*)?  */
  const char *q, *v = version_string;

  while (*v && !ISDIGIT (*v))
  gcc_assert (*v && (v <= version_string || v[-1] == '-'));

  q = v;
  while (ISDIGIT (*v))
  builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC__", q, v - q);
  if (c_dialect_cxx ())
    builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUG__", q, v - q);

  gcc_assert (*v == '.' && ISDIGIT (v[1]));
  q = ++v;
  while (ISDIGIT (*v))
  builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_MINOR__", q, v - q);

  if (*v == '.')
      gcc_assert (ISDIGIT (v[1]));
      q = ++v;
      while (ISDIGIT (*v))
      builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__", q, v - q);
    builtin_define_with_value_n ("__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__", "0", 1);

  gcc_assert (!*v || *v == ' ' || *v == '-');

  /* APPLE LOCAL begin Apple version */
    /* This chunk of code defines __APPLE_CC__ from the version
       string.  It expects to see a substring of the version string of
       the form "build NNNN)", where each N is a digit, and the first
       N is nonzero (there can be 4 or 5 digits).  It will abort() if
       these conditions are not met, since that usually means that
       someone's broken the version string.  */
    const char *vt;
    vt = strstr (version_string, "build ");
    if (vt == NULL)
      abort ();
    vt += strlen ("build ");
    if (! ISDIGIT (*vt))
      abort ();
    for (q = vt; *q != 0 && ISDIGIT (*q); q++)
    if (q == vt || *q != ')')
      abort ();
    if ((q - vt != 4 && q - vt != 5) || *vt == '0')
      abort ();
    builtin_define_with_value_n ("__APPLE_CC__", vt, q - vt);
  /* APPLE LOCAL end Apple version */

/* Define macros used by <stdint.h>.  Currently only defines limits
   for intmax_t, used by the testsuite.  */
static void
builtin_define_stdint_macros (void)
  int intmax_long;
  if (intmax_type_node == long_long_integer_type_node)
    intmax_long = 2;
  else if (intmax_type_node == long_integer_type_node)
    intmax_long = 1;
  else if (intmax_type_node == integer_type_node)
    intmax_long = 0;
    gcc_unreachable ();
  builtin_define_type_max ("__INTMAX_MAX__", intmax_type_node, intmax_long);

/* Hook that registers front end and target-specific built-ins.  */
c_cpp_builtins (cpp_reader *pfile)
  /* -undef turns off target-specific built-ins.  */
  if (flag_undef)

  define__GNUC__ ();

  /* For stddef.h.  They require macros defined in c-common.c.  */
  c_stddef_cpp_builtins ();

  if (c_dialect_cxx ())
	cpp_define (pfile, "__GXX_WEAK__=1");
	cpp_define (pfile, "__GXX_WEAK__=0");
      if (warn_deprecated)
	cpp_define (pfile, "__DEPRECATED");
  /* Note that we define this for C as well, so that we know if
     __attribute__((cleanup)) will interface with EH.  */
  if (flag_exceptions)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__EXCEPTIONS");

  /* Represents the C++ ABI version, always defined so it can be used while
     preprocessing C and assembler.  */
  if (flag_abi_version == 0)
    /* Use a very large value so that:

         #if __GXX_ABI_VERSION >= <value for version X>

       will work whether the user explicitly says "-fabi-version=x" or
       "-fabi-version=0".  Do not use INT_MAX because that will be
       different from system to system.  */
    builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION", 999999);
  else if (flag_abi_version == 1)
    /* Due to a historical accident, this version had the value
       "102".  */
    builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION", 102);
    /* Newer versions have values 1002, 1003, ....  */
    builtin_define_with_int_value ("__GXX_ABI_VERSION", 
				   1000 + flag_abi_version);

  /* libgcc needs to know this.  */
    cpp_define (pfile, "__USING_SJLJ_EXCEPTIONS__");

  /* limits.h needs to know these.  */
  builtin_define_type_max ("__SCHAR_MAX__", signed_char_type_node, 0);
  builtin_define_type_max ("__SHRT_MAX__", short_integer_type_node, 0);
  builtin_define_type_max ("__INT_MAX__", integer_type_node, 0);
  builtin_define_type_max ("__LONG_MAX__", long_integer_type_node, 1);
  builtin_define_type_max ("__LONG_LONG_MAX__", long_long_integer_type_node, 2);
  builtin_define_type_max ("__WCHAR_MAX__", wchar_type_node, 0);

  builtin_define_type_precision ("__CHAR_BIT__", char_type_node);

  /* stdint.h (eventually) and the testsuite need to know these.  */
  builtin_define_stdint_macros ();

  /* float.h needs to know these.  */

  builtin_define_with_int_value ("__FLT_EVAL_METHOD__",

  builtin_define_float_constants ("FLT", "F", float_type_node);
  builtin_define_float_constants ("DBL", "", double_type_node);
  builtin_define_float_constants ("LDBL", "L", long_double_type_node);

  /* For use in assembly language.  */
  builtin_define_with_value ("__REGISTER_PREFIX__", REGISTER_PREFIX, 0);
  builtin_define_with_value ("__USER_LABEL_PREFIX__", user_label_prefix, 0);

  /* Misc.  */
  builtin_define_with_value ("__VERSION__", version_string, 1);

  /* Definitions for LP64 model.  */
  if (TYPE_PRECISION (long_integer_type_node) == 64
      && POINTER_SIZE == 64
      && TYPE_PRECISION (integer_type_node) == 32)
      cpp_define (pfile, "_LP64");
      cpp_define (pfile, "__LP64__");

  /* Other target-independent built-ins determined by command-line
     options.  */
  if (optimize_size)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__OPTIMIZE_SIZE__");
  if (optimize)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__OPTIMIZE__");

  if (fast_math_flags_set_p ())
    cpp_define (pfile, "__FAST_MATH__");
  if (flag_really_no_inline)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__NO_INLINE__");
  if (flag_signaling_nans)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__SUPPORT_SNAN__");
  if (flag_finite_math_only)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__FINITE_MATH_ONLY__=1");
    cpp_define (pfile, "__FINITE_MATH_ONLY__=0");

  if (flag_iso)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__STRICT_ANSI__");

  if (!flag_signed_char)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__CHAR_UNSIGNED__");

  if (c_dialect_cxx () && TYPE_UNSIGNED (wchar_type_node))
    cpp_define (pfile, "__WCHAR_UNSIGNED__");

  /* Make the choice of ObjC runtime visible to source code.  */
  if (c_dialect_objc () && flag_next_runtime)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__NEXT_RUNTIME__");

  /* Show the availability of some target pragmas.  */
  if (flag_mudflap || targetm.handle_pragma_redefine_extname)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__PRAGMA_REDEFINE_EXTNAME");

  if (targetm.handle_pragma_extern_prefix)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__PRAGMA_EXTERN_PREFIX");
  /* APPLE LOCAL begin mainline */
  /* Make the choice of the stack protector runtime visible to source code.
     The macro names and values here were chosen for compatibility with an
     earlier implementation, i.e. ProPolice.  */
  if (flag_stack_protect == 2)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__SSP_ALL__=2");
  else if (flag_stack_protect == 1)
    cpp_define (pfile, "__SSP__=1");
  /* APPLE LOCAL end mainline */

  /* A straightforward target hook doesn't work, because of problems
     linking that hook's body when part of non-C front ends.  */
# define preprocessing_asm_p() (cpp_get_options (pfile)->lang == CLK_ASM)
# define preprocessing_trad_p() (cpp_get_options (pfile)->traditional)
# define builtin_define(TXT) cpp_define (pfile, TXT)
# define builtin_assert(TXT) cpp_assert (pfile, TXT)

  /* Support the __declspec keyword by turning them into attributes.
     Note that the current way we do this may result in a collision
     with predefined attributes later on.  This can be solved by using
     one attribute, say __declspec__, and passing args to it.  The
     problem with that approach is that args are not accumulated: each
     new appearance would clobber any existing args.  */
    builtin_define ("__declspec(x)=__attribute__((x))");

/* Pass an object-like macro.  If it doesn't lie in the user's
   namespace, defines it unconditionally.  Otherwise define a version
   with two leading underscores, and another version with two leading
   and trailing underscores, and define the original only if an ISO
   standard was not nominated.

   e.g. passing "unix" defines "__unix", "__unix__" and possibly
   "unix".  Passing "_mips" defines "__mips", "__mips__" and possibly
   "_mips".  */
builtin_define_std (const char *macro)
  size_t len = strlen (macro);
  char *buff = alloca (len + 5);
  char *p = buff + 2;
  char *q = p + len;

  /* prepend __ (or maybe just _) if in user's namespace.  */
  memcpy (p, macro, len + 1);
  if (!( *p == '_' && (p[1] == '_' || ISUPPER (p[1]))))
      if (*p != '_')
	*--p = '_';
      if (p[1] != '_')
	*--p = '_';
  cpp_define (parse_in, p);

  /* If it was in user's namespace...  */
  if (p != buff + 2)
      /* Define the macro with leading and following __.  */
      if (q[-1] != '_')
	*q++ = '_';
      if (q[-2] != '_')
	*q++ = '_';
      *q = '\0';
      cpp_define (parse_in, p);

      /* Finally, define the original macro if permitted.  */
      if (!flag_iso)
	cpp_define (parse_in, macro);

/* Pass an object-like macro and a value to define it to.  The third
   parameter says whether or not to turn the value into a string
   constant.  */
builtin_define_with_value (const char *macro, const char *expansion, int is_str)
  char *buf;
  size_t mlen = strlen (macro);
  size_t elen = strlen (expansion);
  size_t extra = 2;  /* space for an = and a NUL */

  if (is_str)
    extra += 2;  /* space for two quote marks */

  buf = alloca (mlen + elen + extra);
  if (is_str)
    sprintf (buf, "%s=\"%s\"", macro, expansion);
    sprintf (buf, "%s=%s", macro, expansion);

  cpp_define (parse_in, buf);

/* Pass an object-like macro and a value to define it to.  The third
   parameter is the length of the expansion.  */
static void
builtin_define_with_value_n (const char *macro, const char *expansion, size_t elen)
  char *buf;
  size_t mlen = strlen (macro);

  /* Space for an = and a NUL.  */
  buf = alloca (mlen + elen + 2);
  memcpy (buf, macro, mlen);
  buf[mlen] = '=';
  memcpy (buf + mlen + 1, expansion, elen);
  buf[mlen + elen + 1] = '\0';

  cpp_define (parse_in, buf);

/* Pass an object-like macro and an integer value to define it to.  */
static void
builtin_define_with_int_value (const char *macro, HOST_WIDE_INT value)
  char *buf;
  size_t mlen = strlen (macro);
  size_t vlen = 18;
  size_t extra = 2; /* space for = and NUL.  */

  buf = alloca (mlen + vlen + extra);
  memcpy (buf, macro, mlen);
  buf[mlen] = '=';
  sprintf (buf + mlen + 1, HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC, value);

  cpp_define (parse_in, buf);

/* Pass an object-like macro a hexadecimal floating-point value.  */
static void
builtin_define_with_hex_fp_value (const char *macro,
				  tree type ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, int digits,
				  const char *hex_str, const char *fp_suffix)
  char dec_str[64], buf[256];

  /* Hex values are really cool and convenient, except that they're
     not supported in strict ISO C90 mode.  First, the "p-" sequence
     is not valid as part of a preprocessor number.  Second, we get a
     pedwarn from the preprocessor, which has no context, so we can't
     suppress the warning with __extension__.

     So instead what we do is construct the number in hex (because
     it's easy to get the exact correct value), parse it as a real,
     then print it back out as decimal.  */

  real_from_string (&real, hex_str);
  real_to_decimal (dec_str, &real, sizeof (dec_str), digits, 0);

  sprintf (buf, "%s=%s%s", macro, dec_str, fp_suffix);
  cpp_define (parse_in, buf);

/* Define MAX for TYPE based on the precision of the type.  IS_LONG is
   1 for type "long" and 2 for "long long".  We have to handle
   unsigned types, since wchar_t might be unsigned.  */

static void
builtin_define_type_max (const char *macro, tree type, int is_long)
  static const char *const values[]
    = { "127", "255",
	"32767", "65535",
	"2147483647", "4294967295",
	"9223372036854775807", "18446744073709551615",
	"340282366920938463463374607431768211455" };
  static const char *const suffixes[] = { "", "U", "L", "UL", "LL", "ULL" };

  const char *value, *suffix;
  char *buf;
  size_t idx;

  /* Pre-rendering the values mean we don't have to futz with printing a
     multi-word decimal value.  There are also a very limited number of
     precisions that we support, so it's really a waste of time.  */
  switch (TYPE_PRECISION (type))
    case 8:	idx = 0; break;
    case 16:	idx = 2; break;
    case 32:	idx = 4; break;
    case 64:	idx = 6; break;
    case 128:	idx = 8; break;
    default:    gcc_unreachable ();

  value = values[idx + TYPE_UNSIGNED (type)];
  suffix = suffixes[is_long * 2 + TYPE_UNSIGNED (type)];

  buf = alloca (strlen (macro) + 1 + strlen (value) + strlen (suffix) + 1);
  sprintf (buf, "%s=%s%s", macro, value, suffix);

  cpp_define (parse_in, buf);