s-stchop-vxworks.adb   [plain text]

--                                                                          --
--                GNU ADA RUN-TIME LIBRARY (GNARL) COMPONENTS               --
--                                                                          --
--     S Y S T E M . S T A C K _ C H E C K I N G . O P E R A T I O N S      --
--                                                                          --
--                                  B o d y                                 --
--                                                                          --
--          Copyright (C) 1999-2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.          --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL is free software; you can  redistribute it  and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the  GNU General Public License as published  by the Free Soft- --
-- ware  Foundation;  either version 2,  or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion. GNARL is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY;  without even the  implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License --
-- for  more details.  You should have  received  a copy of the GNU General --
-- Public License  distributed with GNARL; see file COPYING.  If not, write --
-- to  the Free Software Foundation,  59 Temple Place - Suite 330,  Boston, --
-- MA 02111-1307, USA.                                                      --
--                                                                          --
-- As a special exception,  if other files  instantiate  generics from this --
-- unit, or you link  this unit with other files  to produce an executable, --
-- this  unit  does not  by itself cause  the resulting  executable  to  be --
-- covered  by the  GNU  General  Public  License.  This exception does not --
-- however invalidate  any other reasons why  the executable file  might be --
-- covered by the  GNU Public License.                                      --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL was developed by the GNARL team at Florida State University.       --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies, Inc.     --
--                                                                          --

--  This is the VxWorks version of this package.
--  This file should be kept synchronized with the general implementation
--  provided by s-stchop.adb.

pragma Restrictions (No_Elaboration_Code);
--  We want to guarantee the absence of elaboration code because the
--  binder does not handle references to this package.

with Ada.Exceptions;

with System.Storage_Elements; use System.Storage_Elements;
with System.Parameters; use System.Parameters;
with System.Soft_Links;
with Interfaces.C;
with System.OS_Interface;

package body System.Stack_Checking.Operations is

   --  In order to have stack checking working appropriately on
   --  VxWorks we need to extract the stack size information from the
   --  VxWorks kernel itself. It means that the library for showing
   --  task-related information needs to be linked into the VxWorks
   --  system, when using stack checking. The TaskShow library can be
   --  linked into the VxWorks system by either:
   --    * defining INCLUDE_SHOW_ROUTINES in config.h when using
   --      configuration header files, or
   --    * selecting INCLUDE_TASK_SHOW when using the Tornado project
   --      facility.

   function Set_Stack_Info (Stack : access Stack_Access) return Stack_Access;

   --  The function Set_Stack_Info is the actual function that updates
   --  the cache containing a pointer to the Stack_Info. It may also
   --  be used for detecting asynchronous abort in combination with
   --  Invalidate_Self_Cache.

   --  Set_Stack_Info should do the following things in order:
   --     1) Get the Stack_Access value for the current task
   --     2) Set Stack.all to the value obtained in 1)
   --     3) Optionally Poll to check for asynchronous abort

   --  This order is important because if at any time a write to
   --  the stack cache is pending, that write should be followed
   --  by a Poll to prevent loosing signals.

   --  Note: This function must be compiled with Polling turned off

   --  Note: on systems like VxWorks and OS/2 with real thread-local storage,
   --        Set_Stack_Info should return an access value for such local
   --        storage. In those cases the cache will always be up-to-date.

   --  The following constants should be imported from some system-specific
   --  constants package. The constants must be static for performance reasons.

   -- Invalidate_Stack_Cache --

   procedure Invalidate_Stack_Cache (Any_Stack : Stack_Access) is
      pragma Warnings (Off, Any_Stack);
      Cache := Null_Stack;
   end Invalidate_Stack_Cache;

   -- Set_Stack_Info --

   function Set_Stack_Info
     (Stack : access Stack_Access) return Stack_Access

      --  Task descriptor that is handled internally by the VxWorks kernel
      type Task_Descriptor is record
         T_Id            : Interfaces.C.int; -- task identifier
         Td_Name         : System.Address; -- task name
         Td_Priority     : Interfaces.C.int; -- task priority
         Td_Status       : Interfaces.C.int; -- task status
         Td_Options      : Interfaces.C.int; -- task option bits (see below)
         Td_Entry        : System.Address; -- original entry point of task
         Td_Sp           : System.Address; -- saved stack pointer
         Td_PStackBase   : System.Address; -- the bottom of the stack
         Td_PStackLimit  : System.Address; -- the effective end of the stack
         Td_PStackEnd    : System.Address; -- the actual end of the stack
         Td_StackSize    : Interfaces.C.int; -- size of stack in bytes
         Td_StackCurrent : Interfaces.C.int; -- current stack usage in bytes
         Td_StackHigh    : Interfaces.C.int; -- maximum stack usage in bytes
         Td_StackMargin  : Interfaces.C.int; -- current stack margin in bytes
         Td_ErrorStatus  : Interfaces.C.int; -- most recent task error status
         Td_Delay        : Interfaces.C.int; -- delay/timeout ticks
      end record;
      pragma Convention (C, Task_Descriptor);

      --  This VxWorks procedure fills in a specified task descriptor
      --  for a specified task.
      procedure TaskInfoGet (T_Id : System.OS_Interface.t_id;
                             Task_Desc : access Task_Descriptor);
      pragma Import (C, TaskInfoGet, "taskInfoGet");

      My_Stack  : Stack_Access;
      Task_Desc : aliased Task_Descriptor;

      --  The order of steps 1 .. 3 is important, see specification.

      --  1) Get the Stack_Access value for the current task

      My_Stack := Soft_Links.Get_Stack_Info.all;

      if My_Stack.Base = Null_Address then

         --  First invocation. Ask the VxWorks kernel about stack
         --  values.
         TaskInfoGet (System.OS_Interface.taskIdSelf, Task_Desc'Access);

         My_Stack.Size := System.Storage_Elements.Storage_Offset
         My_Stack.Base := Task_Desc.Td_PStackBase;
         My_Stack.Limit := Task_Desc.Td_PStackLimit;

      end if;

      --  2) Set Stack.all to the value obtained in 1)

      Stack.all := My_Stack;

      --  3) Optionally Poll to check for asynchronous abort

      if Soft_Links.Check_Abort_Status.all /= 0 then
         raise Standard'Abort_Signal;
      end if;

      return My_Stack; -- Never trust the cached value, but return local copy!
   end Set_Stack_Info;

   -- Stack_Check --

   function Stack_Check
     (Stack_Address : System.Address) return Stack_Access
      type Frame_Marker is null record;
      Marker        : Frame_Marker;
      Cached_Stack  : constant Stack_Access := Cache;
      Frame_Address : constant System.Address := Marker'Address;

      --  This function first does a "cheap" check which is correct
      --  if it succeeds. In case of failure, the full check is done.
      --  Ideally the cheap check should be done in an optimized manner,
      --  or be inlined.

      if (Stack_Grows_Down and then
            (Frame_Address <= Cached_Stack.Base
             Stack_Address > Cached_Stack.Limit))
        or else
         (not Stack_Grows_Down and then
            (Frame_Address >= Cached_Stack.Base
             Stack_Address < Cached_Stack.Limit))
         --  Cached_Stack is valid as it passed the stack check
         return Cached_Stack;
      end if;

      Full_Check :
         My_Stack : constant Stack_Access := Set_Stack_Info (Cache'Access);
         --  At this point Stack.all might already be invalid, so
         --  it is essential to use our local copy of Stack!

         if (Stack_Grows_Down and then
                  Stack_Address < My_Stack.Limit)
           or else
            (not Stack_Grows_Down and then
                  Stack_Address > My_Stack.Limit)
              (E       => Storage_Error'Identity,
               Message => "stack overflow detected");
         end if;

         return My_Stack;
      end Full_Check;
   end Stack_Check;

   -- Update_Stack_Cache --

   procedure Update_Stack_Cache (Stack : Stack_Access) is
      if not Multi_Processor then
         Cache := Stack;
      end if;
   end Update_Stack_Cache;

end System.Stack_Checking.Operations;