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--                                                                          --
--                         GNAT COMPILER COMPONENTS                         --
--                                                                          --
--                             L I B . X R E F                              --
--                                                                          --
--                                 S p e c                                  --
--                                                                          --
--          Copyright (C) 1998-2004, Free Software Foundation, Inc.         --
--                                                                          --
-- GNAT is free software;  you can  redistribute it  and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the  GNU General Public License as published  by the Free Soft- --
-- ware  Foundation;  either version 2,  or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion.  GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY;  without even the  implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License --
-- for  more details.  You should have  received  a copy of the GNU General --
-- Public License  distributed with GNAT;  see file COPYING.  If not, write --
-- to  the Free Software Foundation,  59 Temple Place - Suite 330,  Boston, --
-- MA 02111-1307, USA.                                                      --
--                                                                          --
-- GNAT was originally developed  by the GNAT team at  New York University. --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies Inc.      --
--                                                                          --

--  This package contains for collecting and outputting cross-reference
--  information.

with Einfo; use Einfo;
with Types; use Types;

package Lib.Xref is

   -- Format of Cross-Reference Information in ALI File --

   --  Cross-reference sections follow the dependency section (D lines) in
   --  an ALI file, so that they need not be read by gnatbind, gnatmake etc.

   --  A cross reference section has a header of the form

   --     X  dependency-number  filename

   --        This header precedes xref information (entities/references from
   --        the unit, identified by dependency number and file name. The
   --        dependency number is the index into the generated D lines and
   --        is ones origin (i.e. 2 = reference to second generated D line).

   --        Note that the filename here will reflect the original name if
   --        a Source_Reference pragma was encountered (since all line number
   --        references will be with respect to the original file).

   --  The lines following the header look like

   --     line type col level entity renameref typeref ref  ref  ref

   --        line is the line number of the referenced entity. The name of
   --        the entity starts in column col. Columns are numbered from one,
   --        and if horizontal tab characters are present, the column number
   --        is computed assuming standard 1,9,17,.. tab stops. For example,
   --        if the entity is the first token on the line, and is preceded
   --        by space-HT-space, then the column would be column 10.

   --        type is a single letter identifying the type of the entity.
   --        See next section (Cross-Reference Entity Identifiers) for a
   --        full list of the characters used).

   --        col is the column number of the referenced entity

   --        level is a single character that separates the col and
   --        entity fields. It is an asterisk for a top level library
   --        entity that is publicly visible, as well for an entity declared
   --        in the visible part of a generic package, and space otherwise.

   --        entity is the name of the referenced entity, with casing in
   --        the canical casing for the source file where it is defined.

   --        renameref provides information on renaming. If the entity is
   --        a package, object or overloadable entity which is declared by
   --        a renaming declaration, and the renaming refers to an entity
   --        with a simple identifier or expanded name, then renameref has
   --        the form:

   --            =line:col

   --        Here line:col give the reference to the identifier that
   --        appears in the renaming declaration. Note that we never need
   --        a file entry, since this identifier is always in the current
   --        file in which the entity is declared. Currently, renameref
   --        appears only for the simple renaming case. If the renaming
   --        reference is a complex expressions, then renameref is omitted.
   --        Here line/col give line/column as defined above.

   --        typeref is the reference for a related type. This part is
   --        optional. It is present for the following cases:

   --          derived types (points to the parent type)   LR=<>
   --          access types (points to designated type)    LR=()
   --          array types (points to component type)      LR=()
   --          subtypes (points to ancestor type)          LR={}
   --          functions (points to result type)           LR={}
   --          enumeration literals (points to enum type)  LR={}
   --          objects and components (points to type)     LR={}

   --          In the above list LR shows the brackets used in the output,
   --          which has one of the two following forms:

   --            L file | line type col R      user entity
   --            L name-in-lower-case R        standard entity

   --          For the form for a user entity, file is the dependency number
   --          of the file containing the declaration of the related type.
   --          This number and the following vertical bar are omitted if the
   --          relevant type is defined in the same file as the current entity.
   --          The line, type, col are defined as previously described, and
   --          specify the location of the relevant type declaration in the
   --          referenced file. For the standard entity form, the name between
   --          the brackets is the normal name of the entity in lower case.

   --     There may be zero or more ref entries on each line

   --        file | line type col [...]

   --           file is the dependency number of the file with the reference.
   --           It and the following vertical bar are omitted if the file is
   --           the same as the previous ref, and the refs for the current
   --           file are first (and do not need a bar).

   --           line is the line number of the reference

   --           col is the column number of the reference, as defined above.

   --           type is one of
   --              b = body entity
   --              c = completion of private or incomplete type
   --              d = discriminant of type
   --              e = end of spec
   --              H = abstract type
   --              i = implicit reference
   --              k = implicit reference to parent unit in child unit
   --              l = label on END line
   --              m = modification
   --              p = primitive operation
   --              P = overriding primitive operation
   --              r = reference
   --              t = end of body
   --              w = WITH line
   --              x = type extension
   --              z = generic formal parameter
   --              > = subprogram IN parameter
   --              = = subprogram IN OUT parameter
   --              < = subprogram OUT parameter
   --              > = subprogram ACCESS parameter

   --           b is used for spec entities that are repeated in a body,
   --           including the unit (subprogram, package, task, protected
   --           body, protected entry) name itself, and in the case of a
   --           subprogram, the formals. This letter is also used for the
   --           occurrence of entry names in accept statements. Such entities
   --           are not considered to be definitions for cross-referencing
   --           purposes, but rather are considered to be references to the
   --           corresponding spec entities, marked with this special type.

   --           c is similar to b but is used to mark the completion of a
   --           private or incomplete type. As with b, the completion is not
   --           regarded as a separate definition, but rather a reference to
   --           the initial declaration, marked with this special type.

   --           d is used to identify a discriminant of a type. If this is
   --           an incomplete or private type with discriminants, the entry
   --           denotes the occurrence of the discriminant in the partial view
   --           which is also the point of definition of the discriminant.
   --           The occurrence of the same discriminant in the full view is
   --           a regular reference to it.

   --           e is used to identify the end of a construct in the following
   --           cases:

   --             Block Statement        end [block_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Loop Statement         end loop [loop_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Package Specification  end [[PARENT_UNIT_NAME .] IDENTIFIER];
   --             Task Definition        end [task_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Protected Definition   end [protected_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Record Definition      end record;
   --             Enumeration Definition );

   --           Note that 'e' entries are special in that they appear even
   --           in referencing units (normally xref entries appear only
   --           for references in the extended main source unit (see Lib) to
   --           which the ali applies. But 'e' entries are really structural
   --           and simply indicate where packages end. This information can
   --           be used to reconstruct scope information for any entities
   --           referenced from within the package. The line/column values
   --           for these entries point to the semicolon ending the construct.

   --           i is used to identify a reference to the entity in a generic
   --           actual or in a default in a call. The node that denotes the
   --           entity does not come from source, but it has the Sloc of the
   --           source node that generates the implicit reference, and it is
   --           useful to record this one.

   --           k is used to denote a reference to the parent unit, in the
   --           cross-reference line for a child unit.

   --           l is used to identify the occurrence in the source of the
   --           name on an end line. This is just a syntactic reference
   --           which can be ignored for semantic purposes (such as call
   --           graph construction). Again, in the case of an accept there
   --           can be multiple l lines.

   --           p is used to mark a primitive operation of the given entity.
   --           For example, if we have a type Tx, and a primitive operation
   --           Pq of this type, then an entry in the list of references to
   --           Tx will point to the declaration of Pq. Note that this entry
   --           type is unusual because it an implicit rather than explicit,
   --           and the name of the refrerence does not match the name of the
   --           entity for which a reference is generated. These entries are
   --           generated only for entities declared in the extended main
   --           source unit (main unit itself, its separate spec (if any).
   --           and all subunits (considered recursively).

   --           If the primitive operation overrides an inherited primitive
   --           operation of the parent type, the letter 'P' is used in the
   --           corresponding entry.

   --           t is similar to e. It identifies the end of a corresponding
   --           body (such a reference always links up with a b reference)

   --             Subprogram Body        end [DESIGNATOR];
   --             Package Body           end [[PARENT_UNIT_NAME .] IDENTIFIER];
   --             Task Body              end [task_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Entry Body             end [entry_IDENTIFIER];
   --             Protected Body         end [protected_IDENTIFIER]
   --             Accept Statement       end [entry_IDENTIFIER]];

   --           Note that in the case of accept statements, there can
   --           be multiple b and t entries for the same entity.

   --           x is used to identify the reference as the entity from which
   --           a tagged type is extended. This allows immediate access to
   --           the parent of a tagged type.

   --           z is used on the cross-reference line for a generic unit, to
   --           mark the definition of a generic formal of the unit.
   --           This entry type is similar to 'k' and 'p' in that it is an
   --           implicit reference for an entity with a different name.

   --           The characters >, <. =, and ^ are used on the cross-reference
   --           line for a subprogram, to denote formal parameters and their
   --           modes. As with the 'z' and 'p' entries, each such entry is
   --           an implicit reference to an entity with a different name.

   --           [..] is used for generic instantiation references. These
   --           references are present only if the entity in question is
   --           a generic entity, and in that case the [..] contains the
   --           reference for the instantiation. In the case of nested
   --           instantiations, this can be nested [...[...[...]]] etc.
   --           The reference is of the form [file|line] no column is
   --           present since it is assumed that only one instantiation
   --           appears on a single source line. Note that the appearence
   --           of file numbers in such references follows the normal
   --           rules (present only if needed, and resets the current
   --           file for subsequent references).

   --     Examples:

   --        44B5*Flag_Type{boolean} 5r23 6m45 3|9r35 11r56

   --           This line gives references for the publicly visible Boolean
   --           type Flag_Type declared on line 44, column 5. There are four
   --           references

   --              a reference on line 5, column 23 of the current file

   --              a modification on line 6, column 45 of the current file

   --              a reference on line 9, column 35 of unit number 3

   --              a reference on line 11, column 56 of unit number 3

   --        2U13 p3=2:35 5b13 8r4 12r13 12t15

   --           This line gives references for the non-publicly visible
   --           procedure p3 declared on line 2, column 13. This procedure
   --           renames the procedure whose identifier reference is at
   --           line 2 column 35. There are four references:

   --              the corresponding body entity at line 5, column 13,
   --              of the current file.

   --              a reference (e.g. a call) at line 8 column 4 of the
   --              of the current file.

   --              the END line of the body has an explict reference to
   --              the name of the procedure at line 12, column 13.

   --              the body ends at line 12, column 15, just past this label.

   --        16I9*My_Type<2|4I9> 18r8

   --           This line gives references for the publicly visible Integer
   --           derived type My_Type declared on line 16, column 9. It also
   --           gives references to the parent type declared in the unit
   --           number 2 on line 4, column 9. There is one reference:

   --              a reference (e.g. a variable declaration) at line 18 column
   --              4 of the current file.

   --        10I3*Genv{integer} 3|4I10[6|12]

   --           This line gives a reference for the entity Genv in a generic
   --           package. The reference in file 3, line 4, col 10, refers to
   --           an instance of the generic where the instantiation can be
   --           found in file 6 at line 12.

   --  Continuation lines are used if the reference list gets too long,
   --  a continuation line starts with a period, and then has references
   --  continuing from the previous line. The references are sorted first
   --  by unit, then by position in the source.

   --  Note on handling of generic entities. The cross-reference is oriented
   --  towards source references, so the entities in a generic instantiation
   --  are not considered distinct from the entities in the template. All
   --  definitions and references from generic instantiations are suppressed,
   --  since they will be generated from the template. Any references to
   --  entities in a generic instantiation from outside the instantiation
   --  are considered to be references to the original template entity.

   -- Cross-Reference Entity Identifiers --

   --  In the cross-reference section of the ali file, entity types are
   --  identified by a single letter, indicating the entity type. The
   --  following table indicates the letter. A space for an entry is
   --  used for entities that do not appear in the cross-reference table.

   --  For objects, the character * appears in this table. In the xref
   --  listing, this character is replaced by the lower case letter that
   --  corresponds to the type of the object. For example, if a variable
   --  is of a Float type, then, since the type is represented by an
   --  upper case F, the object would be represented by a lower case f.

   --  A special exception is the case of booleans, whose entities are
   --  normal E_Enumeration_Type or E_Enumeration_Subtype entities, but
   --  which appear as B/b in the xref lines, rather than E/e.

   --  For private types, the character + appears in the table. In this
   --  case the kind of the underlying type is used, if available, to
   --  determine the character to use in the xref listing. The listing
   --  will still include a '+' for a generic private type, for example.

   --  For subprograms, the characters 'U' and 'V' appear in the table,
   --  indicating procedures and functions. If the operation is abstract,
   --  these letters are replaced in the xref by 'x' and 'y' respectively.

   Xref_Entity_Letters : array (Entity_Kind) of Character := (
      E_Void                             => ' ',
      E_Variable                         => '*',
      E_Component                        => '*',
      E_Constant                         => '*',
      E_Discriminant                     => '*',

      E_Loop_Parameter                   => '*',
      E_In_Parameter                     => '*',
      E_Out_Parameter                    => '*',
      E_In_Out_Parameter                 => '*',
      E_Generic_In_Out_Parameter         => '*',

      E_Generic_In_Parameter             => '*',
      E_Named_Integer                    => 'N',
      E_Named_Real                       => 'N',
      E_Enumeration_Type                 => 'E',  -- B for boolean
      E_Enumeration_Subtype              => 'E',  -- B for boolean

      E_Signed_Integer_Type              => 'I',
      E_Signed_Integer_Subtype           => 'I',
      E_Modular_Integer_Type             => 'M',
      E_Modular_Integer_Subtype          => 'M',
      E_Ordinary_Fixed_Point_Type        => 'O',

      E_Ordinary_Fixed_Point_Subtype     => 'O',
      E_Decimal_Fixed_Point_Type         => 'D',
      E_Decimal_Fixed_Point_Subtype      => 'D',
      E_Floating_Point_Type              => 'F',
      E_Floating_Point_Subtype           => 'F',

      E_Access_Type                      => 'P',
      E_Access_Subtype                   => 'P',
      E_Access_Attribute_Type            => 'P',
      E_Allocator_Type                   => ' ',
      E_General_Access_Type              => 'P',

      E_Access_Subprogram_Type           => 'P',
      E_Access_Protected_Subprogram_Type => 'P',
      E_Anonymous_Access_Subprogram_Type => ' ',
      E_Anonymous_Access_Protected_Subprogram_Type => ' ',
      E_Anonymous_Access_Type            => ' ',
      E_Array_Type                       => 'A',
      E_Array_Subtype                    => 'A',

      E_String_Type                      => 'S',
      E_String_Subtype                   => 'S',
      E_String_Literal_Subtype           => ' ',
      E_Class_Wide_Type                  => 'C',

      E_Class_Wide_Subtype               => 'C',
      E_Record_Type                      => 'R',
      E_Record_Subtype                   => 'R',
      E_Record_Type_With_Private         => 'R',
      E_Record_Subtype_With_Private      => 'R',

      E_Private_Type                     => '+',
      E_Private_Subtype                  => '+',
      E_Limited_Private_Type             => '+',
      E_Limited_Private_Subtype          => '+',
      E_Incomplete_Type                  => '+',

      E_Task_Type                        => 'T',
      E_Task_Subtype                     => 'T',
      E_Protected_Type                   => 'W',
      E_Protected_Subtype                => 'W',
      E_Exception_Type                   => ' ',

      E_Subprogram_Type                  => ' ',
      E_Enumeration_Literal              => 'n',
      E_Function                         => 'V',
      E_Operator                         => 'V',
      E_Procedure                        => 'U',

      E_Entry                            => 'Y',
      E_Entry_Family                     => 'Y',
      E_Block                            => 'q',
      E_Entry_Index_Parameter            => '*',
      E_Exception                        => 'X',

      E_Generic_Function                 => 'v',
      E_Generic_Package                  => 'k',
      E_Generic_Procedure                => 'u',
      E_Label                            => 'L',
      E_Loop                             => 'l',

      E_Package                          => 'K',

      --  The following entities are not ones to which we gather
      --  cross-references, since it does not make sense to do so
      --  (e.g. references to a package are to the spec, not the body)
      --  Indeed the occurrence of the body entity is considered to
      --  be a reference to the spec entity.

      E_Package_Body                     => ' ',
      E_Protected_Object                 => ' ',
      E_Protected_Body                   => ' ',
      E_Task_Body                        => ' ',
      E_Subprogram_Body                  => ' ');

   --  The following table is for information purposes. It shows the
   --  use of each character appearing as an entity type.

   --  letter  lower case usage                UPPER CASE USAGE

   --    a     array object (except string)    array type (except string)
   --    b     Boolean object                  Boolean type
   --    c     class-wide object               class-wide type
   --    d     decimal fixed-point object      decimal fixed-point type
   --    e     non-Boolean enumeration object  non_Boolean enumeration type
   --    f     floating-point object           floating-point type
   --    g     (unused)                        (unused)
   --    h     (unused)                        Abstract type
   --    i     signed integer object           signed integer type
   --    j     (unused)                        (unused)
   --    k     generic package                 package
   --    l     label on loop                   label on statement
   --    m     modular integer object          modular integer type
   --    n     enumeration literal             named number
   --    o     ordinary fixed-point object     ordinary fixed-point type
   --    p     access object                   access type
   --    q     label on block                  (unused)
   --    r     record object                   record type
   --    s     string object                   string type
   --    t     task object                     task type
   --    u     generic procedure               procedure
   --    v     generic function or operator    function or operator
   --    w     protected object                protected type
   --    x     abstract procedure              exception
   --    y     abstract function               entry or entry family
   --    z     generic formal parameter        (unused)

   -- Handling of Imported Subprograms --

   --  If a pragma Import or Interface applies to a subprogram, the
   --  pragma is the completion of the subprogram. This is noted in
   --  the ALI file by making the occurrence of the subprogram in the
   --  pragma into a body reference ('b') and by including the external
   --  name of the subprogram and its language, bracketed by '<' and '>'
   --  in that reference. For example:
   --     3U13*elsewhere 4b<c,there>21
   --  indicates that procedure elsewhere, declared at line 3, has a
   --  pragma Import at line 4, that its body is in C, and that the link
   --  name as given in the pragma is "there".

   -- Subprograms --

   procedure Generate_Definition (E : Entity_Id);
   --  Records the definition of an entity

   procedure Generate_Operator_Reference
     (N : Node_Id;
      T : Entity_Id);
   --  Node N is an operator node, whose entity has been set. If this entity
   --  is a user defined operator (i.e. an operator not defined in package
   --  Standard), then a reference to the operator is recorded at node N.
   --  T is the operand type of of the operator. A reference to the operator
   --  is an implicit reference to the type, and that needs to be recorded
   --  to avoid spurious warnings on unused entities, when the operator is
   --  a renaming of a predefined operator.

   procedure Generate_Reference
     (E       : Entity_Id;
      N       : Node_Id;
      Typ     : Character := 'r';
      Set_Ref : Boolean   := True;
      Force   : Boolean   := False);
   --  This procedure is called to record a reference. N is the location
   --  of the reference and E is the referenced entity. Typ is one of:
   --    'b'  body entity
   --    'c'  completion of incomplete or private type (see below)
   --    'e'  end of construct
   --    'i'  implicit reference
   --    'l'  label on end line
   --    'm'  modification
   --    'p'  primitive operation
   --    'r'  standard reference
   --    't'  end of body
   --    'x'  type extension
   --    ' '  dummy reference (see below)
   --  Note: all references to incomplete or private types are to the
   --  original (incomplete or private type) declaration. The full
   --  declaration is treated as a reference with type 'c'.
   --  Note: all references to packages or subprograms are to the entity
   --  for the spec. The entity in the body is treated as a reference
   --  with type 'b'. Similar handling for references to subprogram formals.
   --  The call has no effect if N is not in the extended main source unit
   --  This check is omitted for type 'e' references (where it is useful to
   --  have structural scoping information for other than the main source),
   --  and for 'p' (since we want to pick up inherited primitive operations
   --  that are defined in other packages).
   --  The call also has no effect if any of the following conditions hold:
   --    cross-reference collection is disabled
   --    entity does not come from source (and Force is False)
   --    reference does not come from source (and Force is False)
   --    the entity is not one for which xrefs are appropriate
   --    the type letter is blank
   --    the node N is not an identifier, defining identifier, or expanded name
   --    the type is 'p' and the entity is not in the extended main source
   --  If all these conditions are met, then the Is_Referenced flag of E
   --  is set (unless Set_Ref is False) and a cross-reference entry is
   --  recorded for later output when Output_References is called.
   --  Note: the dummy space entry is for the convenience of some callers,
   --  who find it easier to pass a space to suppress the entry than to do
   --  a specific test. The call has no effect if the type is a space.
   --  The parameter Set_Ref is normally True, and indicates that in
   --  addition to generating a cross-reference, the Referenced flag
   --  of the specified entity should be set. If this parameter is
   --  False, then setting of the Referenced flag is inhibited.
   --  The parameter Force is set to True to force a reference to be
   --  generated even if Comes_From_Source is false. This is used for
   --  certain implicit references, and also for end label references.

   procedure Generate_Reference_To_Formals (E : Entity_Id);
   --  Add a reference to the definition of each formal on the line for
   --  a subprogram.

   procedure Generate_Reference_To_Generic_Formals (E : Entity_Id);
   --  Add a reference to the definition of each generic formal on the line
   --  for a generic unit.

   procedure Output_References;
   --  Output references to the current ali file

   procedure Initialize;
   --  Initialize internal tables.

end Lib.Xref;