c-tree.h   [plain text]

/* Definitions for C parsing and type checking.
   Copyright (C) 1987, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998,
   1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.  */

#ifndef GCC_C_TREE_H
#define GCC_C_TREE_H

#include "c-common.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"

/* APPLE LOCAL begin mainline */
/* Definition of 'struct lang_identifier' has been moved here from c-decl.c.
   so that ObjC can see it.  */
/* Each C symbol points to three linked lists of c_binding structures.
   These describe the values of the identifier in the three different
   namespaces defined by the language.  */

struct lang_identifier GTY(())
  struct c_common_identifier common_id;
  struct c_binding *symbol_binding; /* vars, funcs, constants, typedefs */
  struct c_binding *tag_binding;    /* struct/union/enum tags */
  struct c_binding *label_binding;  /* labels */
  tree interface_value;             /* ObjC interface, if any */
/* APPLE LOCAL end mainline */

/* struct lang_identifier is private to c-decl.c, but langhooks.c needs to
   know how big it is.  This is sanity-checked in c-decl.c.  */
  /* APPLE LOCAL mainline */ \
  (sizeof (struct c_common_identifier) + 4 * sizeof (void *))

/* For gc purposes, return the most likely link for the longest chain.  */
  ((union lang_tree_node *)					\
    : TREE_CHAIN (T)))

/* Language-specific declaration information.  */

struct lang_decl GTY(())
  char dummy;

/* In a RECORD_TYPE or UNION_TYPE, nonzero if any component is read-only.  */

/* In a RECORD_TYPE or UNION_TYPE, nonzero if any component is volatile.  */

   nonzero if the definition of the type has already started.  */

/* In an incomplete RECORD_TYPE or UNION_TYPE, a list of variable
   declarations whose type would be completed by completing that type.  */

/* In an IDENTIFIER_NODE, nonzero if this identifier is actually a
   keyword.  C_RID_CODE (node) is then the RID_* value of the keyword,
   and C_RID_YYCODE is the token number wanted by Yacc.  */

struct lang_type GTY(())
  /* In a RECORD_TYPE, a sorted array of the fields of the type.  */
  struct sorted_fields_type * GTY ((reorder ("resort_sorted_fields"))) s;
  /* In an ENUMERAL_TYPE, the min and max values.  */
  tree enum_min;
  tree enum_max;
  /* In a RECORD_TYPE, information specific to Objective-C, such
     as a list of adopted protocols or a pointer to a corresponding
     @interface.  See objc/objc-act.h for details.  */
  tree objc_info;

/* Record whether a type or decl was written with nonconstant size.
   Note that TYPE_SIZE may have simplified to a constant.  */

/* Record whether a typedef for type `int' was actually `signed int'.  */

/* For a FUNCTION_DECL, nonzero if it was defined without an explicit
   return type.  */

/* For a FUNCTION_DECL, nonzero if it was an implicit declaration.  */

/* For FUNCTION_DECLs, evaluates true if the decl is built-in but has
   been declared.  */

/* Record whether a decl was declared register.  This is strictly a
   front-end flag, whereas DECL_REGISTER is used for code generation;
   they may differ for structures with volatile fields.  */

/* Record whether a decl was used in an expression anywhere except an
   unevaluated operand of sizeof / typeof / alignof.  This is only
   used for functions declared static but not defined, though outside
   sizeof and typeof it is set for other function decls as well.  */

/* Record whether a label was defined in a statement expression which
   has finished and so can no longer be jumped to.  */

/* Record whether a label was the subject of a goto from outside the
   current level of statement expression nesting and so cannot be
   defined right now.  */

/* Nonzero for a decl which either doesn't exist or isn't a prototype.
   N.B. Could be simplified if all built-in decls had complete prototypes
   (but this is presently difficult because some of them need FILE*).  */
       (EXP == 0					\
	    && !DECL_BUILT_IN (EXP)))

/* For FUNCTION_TYPE, a hidden list of types of arguments.  The same as
   TYPE_ARG_TYPES for functions with prototypes, but created for functions
   without prototypes.  */

/* Record parser information about an expression that is irrelevant
   for code generation alongside a tree representing its value.  */
struct c_expr
  /* The value of the expression.  */
  tree value;
  /* Record the original binary operator of an expression, which may
     have been changed by fold, STRING_CST for unparenthesized string
     constants, or ERROR_MARK for other expressions (including
     parenthesized expressions).  */
  enum tree_code original_code;

/* A kind of type specifier.  Note that this information is currently
   only used to distinguish tag definitions, tag references and typeof
   uses.  */
enum c_typespec_kind {
  /* A reserved keyword type specifier.  */
  /* A reference to a tag, previously declared, such as "struct foo".
     This includes where the previous declaration was as a different
     kind of tag, in which case this is only valid if shadowing that
     tag in an inner scope.  */
  /* A reference to a tag, not previously declared in a visible
     scope.  */
  /* A definition of a tag such as "struct foo { int a; }".  */
  /* A typedef name.  */
  /* An ObjC-specific kind of type specifier.  */
  /* A typeof specifier.  */

/* A type specifier: this structure is created in the parser and
   passed to declspecs_add_type only.  */
struct c_typespec {
  /* What kind of type specifier this is.  */
  enum c_typespec_kind kind;
  /* The specifier itself.  */
  tree spec;

/* A storage class specifier.  */
enum c_storage_class {

/* A type specifier keyword "void", "_Bool", "char", "int", "float",
   "double", or none of these.  */
enum c_typespec_keyword {

/* A sequence of declaration specifiers in C.  */
struct c_declspecs {
  /* The type specified, if a single type specifier such as a struct,
     union or enum specifier, typedef name or typeof specifies the
     whole type, or NULL_TREE if none or a keyword such as "void" or
     "char" is used.  Does not include qualifiers.  */
  tree type;
  /* The attributes from a typedef decl.  */
  tree decl_attr;
  /* When parsing, the attributes.  Outside the parser, this will be
     NULL; attributes (possibly from multiple lists) will be passed
     separately.  */
  tree attrs;
  /* Any type specifier keyword used such as "int", not reflecting
     modifiers such as "short", or cts_none if none.  */
  enum c_typespec_keyword typespec_word;
  /* The storage class specifier, or csc_none if none.  */
  enum c_storage_class storage_class;
  /* Whether something other than a storage class specifier or
     attribute has been seen.  This is used to warn for the
     obsolescent usage of storage class specifiers other than at the
     start of the list.  (Doing this properly would require function
     specifiers to be handled separately from storage class
     specifiers.)  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD non_sc_seen_p : 1;
  /* Whether the type is specified by a typedef or typeof name.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD typedef_p : 1;
  /* Whether a struct, union or enum type either had its content
     defined by a type specifier in the list or was the first visible
     declaration of its tag.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD tag_defined_p : 1;
  /* Whether the type is explicitly "signed" or specified by a typedef
     whose type is explicitly "signed".  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD explicit_signed_p : 1;
  /* Whether the specifiers include a deprecated typedef.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD deprecated_p : 1;
  /* APPLE LOCAL begin "unavailable" attribute (radar 2809697) */
  /* Whether the specifiers include a unavailable typedef.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD unavailable_p : 1;
  /* APPLE LOCAL end "unavailable" attribute (radar 2809697) */
  /* APPLE LOCAL begin private extern */
  /* Whether the specifiers include __private_extern.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD private_extern_p : 1;
  /* APPLE LOCAL end private extern */
  /* APPLE LOCAL CW asm blocks */
  BOOL_BITFIELD cw_asm_specbit : 1;
  /* Whether the type defaulted to "int" because there were no type
     specifiers.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD default_int_p;
  /* Whether "long" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD long_p : 1;
  /* Whether "long" was specified more than once.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD long_long_p : 1;
  /* Whether "short" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD short_p : 1;
  /* Whether "signed" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD signed_p : 1;
  /* Whether "unsigned" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD unsigned_p : 1;
  /* Whether "complex" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD complex_p : 1;
  /* Whether "inline" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD inline_p : 1;
  /* Whether "__thread" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD thread_p : 1;
  /* Whether "const" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD const_p : 1;
  /* Whether "volatile" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD volatile_p : 1;
  /* Whether "restrict" was specified.  */
  BOOL_BITFIELD restrict_p : 1;

/* The various kinds of declarators in C.  */
enum c_declarator_kind {
  /* An identifier.  */
  /* A function.  */
  /* An array.  */
  /* A pointer.  */
  /* Parenthesized declarator with nested attributes.  */

/* Information about the parameters in a function declarator.  */
struct c_arg_info {
  /* A list of parameter decls.  */
  tree parms;
  /* A list of structure, union and enum tags defined.  */
  tree tags;
  /* A list of argument types to go in the FUNCTION_TYPE.  */
  tree types;
  /* A list of non-parameter decls (notably enumeration constants)
     defined with the parameters.  */
  tree others;

/* A declarator.  */
struct c_declarator {
  /* The kind of declarator.  */
  enum c_declarator_kind kind;
  /* Except for cdk_id, the contained declarator.  For cdk_id, NULL.  */
  struct c_declarator *declarator;
  union {
    /* For identifiers, an IDENTIFIER_NODE or NULL_TREE if an abstract
       declarator.  */
    tree id;
    /* For functions.  */
    struct c_arg_info *arg_info;
    /* For arrays.  */
    struct {
      /* The array dimension, or NULL for [] and [*].  */
      tree dimen;
      /* The qualifiers inside [].  */
      int quals;
      /* The attributes (currently ignored) inside [].  */
      tree attrs;
      /* Whether [static] was used.  */
      BOOL_BITFIELD static_p : 1;
      /* Whether [*] was used.  */
      BOOL_BITFIELD vla_unspec_p : 1;
    } array;
    /* For pointers, the qualifiers on the pointer type.  */
    int pointer_quals;
    /* For attributes.  */
    tree attrs;
  } u;

/* A type name.  */
struct c_type_name {
  /* The declaration specifiers.  */
  struct c_declspecs *specs;
  /* The declarator.  */
  struct c_declarator *declarator;

/* A parameter.  */
struct c_parm {
  /* The declaration specifiers, minus any prefix attributes.  */
  struct c_declspecs *specs;
  /* The attributes.  */
  tree attrs;
  /* The declarator.  */
  struct c_declarator *declarator;

/* Save and restore the variables in this file and elsewhere
   that keep track of the progress of compilation of the current function.
   Used for nested functions.  */

struct language_function GTY(())
  struct c_language_function base;
  tree x_break_label;
  tree x_cont_label;
  struct c_switch * GTY((skip)) x_switch_stack;
  struct c_arg_info * GTY((skip)) arg_info;
  int returns_value;
  int returns_null;
  int returns_abnormally;
  int warn_about_return_type;
  int extern_inline;

/* Save lists of labels used or defined in particular statement
   expression contexts.  Allocated on the parser obstack.  */

struct c_label_list
  /* The label at the head of the list.  */
  tree label;
  /* The rest of the list.  */
  struct c_label_list *next;

struct c_label_context
  /* The labels defined at this level of nesting.  */
  struct c_label_list *labels_def;
  /* The labels used at this level of nesting.  */
  struct c_label_list *labels_used;
  /* The next outermost context.  */
  struct c_label_context *next;

/* in c-parse.in */
extern void c_parse_init (void);

/* in c-aux-info.c */
extern void gen_aux_info_record (tree, int, int, int);

/* in c-decl.c */
extern struct obstack parser_obstack;
extern tree c_break_label;
extern tree c_cont_label;

extern int global_bindings_p (void);
extern void push_scope (void);
extern tree pop_scope (void);
extern void insert_block (tree);
extern tree pushdecl (tree);
extern void c_expand_body (tree);

extern void c_init_decl_processing (void);
extern void c_dup_lang_specific_decl (tree);
extern void c_print_identifier (FILE *, tree, int);
extern int quals_from_declspecs (const struct c_declspecs *);
extern struct c_declarator *build_array_declarator (tree, struct c_declspecs *,
						    bool, bool);
extern tree build_enumerator (tree, tree);
extern void check_for_loop_decls (void);
extern void mark_forward_parm_decls (void);
extern void declare_parm_level (void);
extern void undeclared_variable (tree);
extern tree declare_label (tree);
extern tree define_label (location_t, tree);
extern void finish_decl (tree, tree, tree);
extern tree finish_enum (tree, tree, tree);
extern void finish_function (void);
extern tree finish_struct (tree, tree, tree);
extern struct c_arg_info *get_parm_info (bool);
extern tree grokfield (struct c_declarator *, struct c_declspecs *, tree);
extern tree groktypename (struct c_type_name *);
extern tree grokparm (const struct c_parm *);
extern tree implicitly_declare (tree);
extern void keep_next_level (void);
extern tree lookup_name (tree);
extern void pending_xref_error (void);
extern void c_push_function_context (struct function *);
extern void c_pop_function_context (struct function *);
extern void push_parm_decl (const struct c_parm *);
extern tree pushdecl_top_level (tree);
extern struct c_declarator *set_array_declarator_inner (struct c_declarator *,
							struct c_declarator *,
extern tree builtin_function (const char *, tree, int, enum built_in_class,
			      const char *, tree);
extern void shadow_tag (const struct c_declspecs *);
extern void shadow_tag_warned (const struct c_declspecs *, int);
extern tree start_enum (tree);
extern int  start_function (struct c_declspecs *, struct c_declarator *, tree);
extern tree start_decl (struct c_declarator *, struct c_declspecs *, bool,
extern tree start_struct (enum tree_code, tree);
extern void store_parm_decls (void);
extern void store_parm_decls_from (struct c_arg_info *);
extern tree xref_tag (enum tree_code, tree);
extern struct c_typespec parser_xref_tag (enum tree_code, tree);
extern int c_expand_decl (tree);
extern struct c_parm *build_c_parm (struct c_declspecs *, tree,
				    struct c_declarator *);
extern struct c_declarator *build_attrs_declarator (tree,
						    struct c_declarator *);
extern struct c_declarator *build_function_declarator (struct c_arg_info *,
						       struct c_declarator *);
extern struct c_declarator *build_id_declarator (tree);
extern struct c_declarator *make_pointer_declarator (struct c_declspecs *,
						     struct c_declarator *);
extern struct c_declspecs *build_null_declspecs (void);
extern struct c_declspecs *declspecs_add_qual (struct c_declspecs *, tree);
extern struct c_declspecs *declspecs_add_type (struct c_declspecs *,
					       struct c_typespec);
extern struct c_declspecs *declspecs_add_scspec (struct c_declspecs *, tree);
extern struct c_declspecs *declspecs_add_attrs (struct c_declspecs *, tree);
extern struct c_declspecs *finish_declspecs (struct c_declspecs *);

/* in c-objc-common.c */
extern int c_disregard_inline_limits (tree);
extern int c_cannot_inline_tree_fn (tree *);
extern bool c_objc_common_init (void);
extern bool c_missing_noreturn_ok_p (tree);
extern tree c_objc_common_truthvalue_conversion (tree expr);
extern bool c_warn_unused_global_decl (tree);
extern void c_initialize_diagnostics (diagnostic_context *);

#define c_build_type_variant(TYPE, CONST_P, VOLATILE_P)		  \
  c_build_qualified_type ((TYPE),				  \
			  ((CONST_P) ? TYPE_QUAL_CONST : 0) |	  \

/* in c-typeck.c */
extern int in_alignof;
extern int in_sizeof;
extern int in_typeof;

extern struct c_switch *c_switch_stack;
extern struct c_label_context *label_context_stack;

extern tree require_complete_type (tree);
extern int same_translation_unit_p (tree, tree);
extern int comptypes (tree, tree);
extern bool c_mark_addressable (tree);
extern void c_incomplete_type_error (tree, tree);
extern tree c_type_promotes_to (tree);
extern tree composite_type (tree, tree);
extern tree build_component_ref (tree, tree);
extern tree build_indirect_ref (tree, const char *);
extern tree build_array_ref (tree, tree);
extern tree build_external_ref (tree, int);
extern void pop_maybe_used (bool);
extern struct c_expr c_expr_sizeof_expr (struct c_expr);
extern struct c_expr c_expr_sizeof_type (struct c_type_name *);
extern struct c_expr parser_build_binary_op (enum tree_code, struct c_expr,
					     struct c_expr);
extern tree build_conditional_expr (tree, tree, tree);
extern tree build_compound_expr (tree, tree);
extern tree c_cast_expr (struct c_type_name *, tree);
extern tree build_c_cast (tree, tree);
extern tree build_modify_expr (tree, enum tree_code, tree);
extern void store_init_value (tree, tree);
extern void error_init (const char *);
extern void pedwarn_init (const char *);
extern void maybe_warn_string_init (tree, struct c_expr);
extern void start_init (tree, tree, int);
extern void finish_init (void);
extern void really_start_incremental_init (tree);
extern void push_init_level (int);
extern struct c_expr pop_init_level (int);
extern void set_init_index (tree, tree);
extern void set_init_label (tree);
extern void process_init_element (struct c_expr);
extern tree build_compound_literal (tree, tree);
extern tree c_start_case (tree);
extern void c_finish_case (tree);
extern tree build_asm_expr (tree, tree, tree, tree, bool);
extern tree build_asm_stmt (tree, tree);
extern tree c_convert_parm_for_inlining (tree, tree, tree, int);
extern int c_types_compatible_p (tree, tree);
extern tree c_begin_compound_stmt (bool);
extern tree c_end_compound_stmt (tree, bool);
extern void c_finish_if_stmt (location_t, tree, tree, tree, bool);
extern void c_finish_loop (location_t, tree, tree, tree, tree, tree, bool);
extern tree c_begin_stmt_expr (void);
extern tree c_finish_stmt_expr (tree);
extern tree c_process_expr_stmt (tree);
extern tree c_finish_expr_stmt (tree);
extern tree c_finish_return (tree);
extern tree c_finish_bc_stmt (tree *, bool);
extern tree c_finish_goto_label (tree);
extern tree c_finish_goto_ptr (tree);

/* APPLE LOCAL begin CW asm blocks */
extern tree get_structure_offset (tree, tree);
extern tree lookup_struct_or_union_tag (tree);
/* APPLE LOCAL end CW asm blocks */

/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
   a return statement that specifies a return value is seen.  */

extern int current_function_returns_value;

/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
   a return statement with no argument is seen.  */

extern int current_function_returns_null;

/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
   a call to a noreturn function is seen.  */

extern int current_function_returns_abnormally;

/* Nonzero means we are reading code that came from a system header file.  */

extern int system_header_p;

/* True means global_bindings_p should return false even if the scope stack
   says we are in file scope.  */

extern bool c_override_global_bindings_to_false;

/* True means we've initialized exception handling.  */
extern bool c_eh_initialized_p;

/* In c-decl.c */
extern void c_finish_incomplete_decl (tree);
extern void c_write_global_declarations (void);

/* In order for the format checking to accept the C frontend
   diagnostic framework extensions, you must include this file before
   toplev.h, not after.  */
#define GCC_DIAG_STYLE __gcc_cdiag__
#if GCC_VERSION >= 3005
#define ATTRIBUTE_GCC_CDIAG(m, n) __attribute__ ((__format__ (GCC_DIAG_STYLE, m ,n))) ATTRIBUTE_NONNULL(m)

extern void pedwarn_c90 (const char *, ...) ATTRIBUTE_GCC_CDIAG(1,2);
extern void pedwarn_c99 (const char *, ...) ATTRIBUTE_GCC_CDIAG(1,2);

#endif /* ! GCC_C_TREE_H */