pex-unix.c   [plain text]

/* Utilities to execute a program in a subprocess (possibly linked by pipes
   with other subprocesses), and wait for it.  Generic Unix version
   (also used for UWIN and VMS).
   Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004
   Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of the libiberty library.
Libiberty is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

Libiberty is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
Library General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
License along with libiberty; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not,
write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

#include "pex-common.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
extern int errno;
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#define waitpid(pid, status, flags) wait(status)

#ifdef vfork /* Autoconf may define this to fork for us. */
# define VFORK_STRING "fork"
# define VFORK_STRING "vfork"
#include <vfork.h>
#ifdef VMS
#define vfork() (decc$$alloc_vfork_blocks() >= 0 ? \
               lib$get_current_invo_context(decc$$get_vfork_jmpbuf()) : -1)
#endif /* VMS */

/* Execute a program, possibly setting up pipes to programs executed
   via other calls to this function.

   This version of the function uses vfork.  In general vfork is
   similar to setjmp/longmp, in that any variable which is modified by
   the child process has an indeterminate value in the parent process.
   We follow a safe approach here by not modifying any variables at
   all in the child process (with the possible exception of variables
   modified by xstrerror if exec fails, but this is unlikely to be

   We work a little bit harder to avoid gcc warnings.  gcc will warn
   about any automatic variable which is live at the time of the
   vfork, which is non-volatile, and which is either set more than
   once or is an argument to the function.  This warning isn't quite
   right, since what we really care about is whether the variable is
   live at the time of the vfork and set afterward by the child
   process, but gcc only checks whether the variable is set more than
   once.  To avoid this warning, we ensure that any variable which is
   live at the time of the vfork (i.e., used after the vfork) is set
   exactly once and is not an argument, or is marked volatile.  */

pexecute (program, argv, this_pname, temp_base, errmsg_fmt, errmsg_arg,
     const char *program;
     char * const *argv;
     const char *this_pname;
     const char *temp_base ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
     char **errmsg_fmt, **errmsg_arg;
     int flagsarg;
  int pid;
  int pdes[2];
  int out;
  int input_desc, output_desc;
  int flags;
  /* We declare these to be volatile to avoid warnings from gcc about
     them being clobbered by vfork.  */
  volatile int retries, sleep_interval;
  /* Pipe waiting from last process, to be used as input for the next one.
     Value is STDIN_FILE_NO if no pipe is waiting
     (i.e. the next command is the first of a group).  */
  static int last_pipe_input;

  flags = flagsarg;

  /* If this is the first process, initialize.  */
  if (flags & PEXECUTE_FIRST)
    last_pipe_input = STDIN_FILE_NO;

  input_desc = last_pipe_input;

  /* If this isn't the last process, make a pipe for its output,
     and record it as waiting to be the input to the next process.  */
  if (! (flags & PEXECUTE_LAST))
      if (pipe (pdes) < 0)
	  *errmsg_fmt = "pipe";
	  *errmsg_arg = NULL;
	  return -1;
      out = pdes[WRITE_PORT];
      last_pipe_input = pdes[READ_PORT];
      /* Last process.  */
      out = STDOUT_FILE_NO;
      last_pipe_input = STDIN_FILE_NO;

  output_desc = out;

  /* Fork a subprocess; wait and retry if it fails.  */
  sleep_interval = 1;
  pid = -1;
  for (retries = 0; retries < 4; retries++)
      pid = vfork ();
      if (pid >= 0)
      sleep (sleep_interval);
      sleep_interval *= 2;

  switch (pid)
    case -1:
      *errmsg_fmt = "fork";
      *errmsg_arg = NULL;
      return -1;

    case 0: /* child */
      /* Move the input and output pipes into place, if necessary.  */
      if (input_desc != STDIN_FILE_NO)
	  close (STDIN_FILE_NO);
	  dup (input_desc);
	  close (input_desc);
      if (output_desc != STDOUT_FILE_NO)
	  close (STDOUT_FILE_NO);
	  dup (output_desc);
	  close (output_desc);

      /* Close the parent's descs that aren't wanted here.  */
      if (last_pipe_input != STDIN_FILE_NO)
	close (last_pipe_input);

      /* Exec the program.  */
      if (flags & PEXECUTE_SEARCH)
	execvp (program, argv);
	execv (program, argv);

      /* We don't want to call fprintf after vfork.  */
#define writeerr(s) write (STDERR_FILE_NO, s, strlen (s))
      writeerr (this_pname);
      writeerr (": ");
      writeerr ("installation problem, cannot exec '");
      writeerr (program);
      writeerr ("': ");
      writeerr (xstrerror (errno));
      writeerr ("\n");
      _exit (-1);
      /* NOTREACHED */
      return 0;

      /* In the parent, after forking.
	 Close the descriptors that we made for this child.  */
      if (input_desc != STDIN_FILE_NO)
	close (input_desc);
      if (output_desc != STDOUT_FILE_NO)
	close (output_desc);

      /* Return child's process number.  */
      return pid;

pwait (pid, status, flags)
     int pid;
     int *status;
     int flags ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED;
  /* ??? Here's an opportunity to canonicalize the values in STATUS.
     Needed?  */
  pid = waitpid (pid, status, 0);
  return pid;