.\" $NetBSD: install.1,v 1.11 1998/09/28 08:16:15 christos Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1987, 1990, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)install.1 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93 .\" .Dd June 6, 1993 .Dt INSTALL 1 .Os BSD 4.2 .Sh NAME .Nm install .Nd install binaries .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl cps .Op Fl f Ar flags .Op Fl m Ar mode .Op Fl o Ar owner .Op Fl g Ar group .Op Fl l Ar linkflags .Op Fl S Ar stripflag .Ar file1 file2 .Nm "" .Op Fl cps .Op Fl f Ar flags .Op Fl m Ar mode .Op Fl o Ar owner .Op Fl g Ar group .Op Fl l Ar linkflags .Op Fl S Ar stripflag .Ar file1 \&... .Ar fileN directory .Nm "" .Fl pd .Op Fl m Ar mode .Op Fl o Ar owner .Op Fl g Ar group .Ar directory \&... .Sh DESCRIPTION The file(s) are moved (copied if the .Fl c option is specified, or linked if the .Fl l option is specified) to the target file or directory. If the destination is a directory, then the .Ar file is moved into .Ar directory with its original filename. If the target file already exists, it is overwritten if permissions allow. .Pp .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl c Copy the file. This flag turns off the default behavior of .Nm where it deletes the original file after creating the target. .It Fl f Specify the target's file flags. (See .Xr chflags 1 for a list of possible flags and their meanings.) .It Fl g Specify a group. .It Fl m Specify an alternative mode. The default mode is set to rwxr-xr-x (0755). The specified mode may be either an octal or symbolic value; see .Xr chmod 1 for a description of possible mode values. .It Fl l Ar linkflags Instead of copying the file make a link to the source. The type of the link is determined by the .Ar linkflags argument. Valid .Ar linkflags are: .Ar a (absolute), .Ar r (relative), .Ar h (hard), .Ar s (symbolic), .Ar m (mixed). Absolute and relative have effect only for symbolic links. Mixed links are hard links for files on the same filesystem, symbolic otherwise. .It Fl o Specify an owner. .It Fl p Preserve the source files access and modification times. .It Fl s .Nm exec's the command .Xr strip 1 to strip binaries so that install can be portable over a large number of systems and binary types. If the environment variable .Ev STRIP is set, it is used as the .Xr strip 1 program. .It Fl S Ar stripflags .Nm passes .Ar stripflags as option arguments to .Xr strip 1 . When -S is used, .Xr strip 1 is invoked via the .Xr sh 1 shell, allowing a single -S argument be to specified to .Nm which the shell can then tokenize. Normally, .Nm invokes .Xr strip 1 directly. This flag implies -s. .It Fl d Create directories. Missing parent directories are created as required. .El .Pp By default, .Nm preserves all file flags, with the exception of the ``nodump'' flag. .Pp The .Nm utility attempts to prevent moving a file onto itself. .Pp Installing .Pa /dev/null creates an empty file. .Pp Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of 1 is returned. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr chflags 1 , .Xr chgrp 1 , .Xr chmod 1 , .Xr cp 1 , .Xr mv 1 , .Xr strip 1 , .Xr chown 8 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm utility appeared in .Bx 4.2 .