.\" Copyright (c) 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)touch.1 8.3 (Berkeley) 4/28/95 .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/touch/touch.1,v 1.16 2007/04/10 07:24:47 grog Exp $ .\" .Dd April 28, 1995 .Dt TOUCH 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm touch .Nd change file access and modification times .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl A Ar [-][[hh]mm]SS .Op Fl acfhm .Op Fl r Ar file .Op Fl t Ar [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS] .Ar .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility sets the modification and access times of files. If any file does not exist, it is created with default permissions. .Pp By default, .Nm changes both modification and access times. The .Fl a and .Fl m flags may be used to select the access time or the modification time individually. Selecting both is equivalent to the default. By default, the timestamps are set to the current time. The .Fl t flag explicitly specifies a different time, and the .Fl r flag specifies to set the times those of the specified file. The .Fl A flag adjusts the values by a specified amount. .Pp The following options are available: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl A Adjust the access and modification time stamps for the file by the specified value. This flag is intended for use in modifying files with incorrectly set time stamps. .Pp The argument is of the form .Dq [-][[hh]mm]SS where each pair of letters represents the following: .Pp .Bl -tag -width Ds -compact -offset indent .It Ar - Make the adjustment negative: the new time stamp is set to be before the old one. .It Ar hh The number of hours, from 00 to 99. .It Ar mm The number of minutes, from 00 to 59. .It Ar SS The number of seconds, from 00 to 59. .El .Pp The .Fl A flag implies the .Fl c flag: if any file specified does not exist, it will be silently ignored. .It Fl a Change the access time of the file. The modification time of the file is not changed unless the .Fl m flag is also specified. .It Fl c Do not create the file if it does not exist. The .Nm utility does not treat this as an error. No error messages are displayed and the exit value is not affected. .It Fl f Attempt to force the update, even if the file permissions do not currently permit it. .It Fl h If the file is a symbolic link, change the times of the link itself rather than the file that the link points to. Note that .Fl h implies .Fl c and thus will not create any new files. .It Fl m Change the modification time of the file. The access time of the file is not changed unless the .Fl a flag is also specified. .It Fl r Use the access and modifications times from the specified file instead of the current time of day. .It Fl t Change the access and modification times to the specified time instead of the current time of day. The argument is of the form .Dq [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS] where each pair of letters represents the following: .Pp .Bl -tag -width Ds -compact -offset indent .It Ar CC The first two digits of the year (the century). .It Ar YY The second two digits of the year. If .Dq YY is specified, but .Dq CC is not, a value for .Dq YY between 69 and 99 results in a .Dq CC value of 19. Otherwise, a .Dq CC value of 20 is used. .It Ar MM The month of the year, from 01 to 12. .It Ar DD the day of the month, from 01 to 31. .It Ar hh The hour of the day, from 00 to 23. .It Ar mm The minute of the hour, from 00 to 59. .It Ar SS The second of the minute, from 00 to 61. .El .Pp If the .Dq CC and .Dq YY letter pairs are not specified, the values default to the current year. If the .Dq SS letter pair is not specified, the value defaults to 0. .El .Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std .Sh COMPATIBILITY The obsolescent form of .Nm , where a time format is specified as the first argument, is supported. When no .Fl r or .Fl t option is specified, there are at least two arguments, and the first argument is a string of digits either eight or ten characters in length, the first argument is interpreted as a time specification of the form .Dq MMDDhhmm[YY] . .Pp The .Dq MM , .Dq DD , .Dq hh and .Dq mm letter pairs are treated as their counterparts specified to the .Fl t option. If the .Dq YY letter pair is in the range 39 to 99, the year is set to 1939 to 1999, otherwise, the year is set in the 21st century. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr utimes 2 .Sh STANDARDS The .Nm utility is expected to be a superset of the .St -p1003.2 specification. .Sh HISTORY A .Nm utility appeared in .At v7 .