.\" Copyright (c) 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)chflags.1 8.4 (Berkeley) 5/2/95 .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/chflags/chflags.1,v 1.14 2001/08/15 09:09:39 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd May 2, 1995 .Dt CHFLAGS 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm chflags .Nd change file flags .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Oo .Fl R .Op Fl H | Fl L | Fl P .Oc .Ar flags .Ar .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility modifies the file flags of the listed files as specified by the .Ar flags operand. .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width indent .It Fl H If the .Fl R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line are followed. (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal are not followed.) .It Fl L If the .Fl R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed. .It Fl P If the .Fl R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed. This is the default. .It Fl R Change the file flags for the file hierarchies rooted in the files instead of just the files themselves. .El .Pp The flags are specified as an octal number or a comma separated list of keywords. The following keywords are currently defined: .Pp .Bl -tag -offset indent -width "opaque" -compact .It Ar arch set the archived flag (super-user only) .It Ar opaque set the opaque flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar nodump set the nodump flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar sappnd set the system append-only flag (super-user only) .It Ar schg set the system immutable flag (super-user only) .It Ar sunlnk set the system undeletable flag (super-user only) .It Ar uappnd set the user append-only flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar uchg set the user immutable flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar uunlnk set the user undeletable flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar archived , sappend , schange , Xo .Ar simmutable , uappend , uchange , uimmutable , .Ar sunlink , uunlink .Xc aliases for the above .El .Pp Putting the letters .Dq Ar no before an option causes the flag to be turned off. For example: .Bl -tag -offset indent -width "nouchg" .It Ar nouchg the immutable bit should be cleared .El .Pp Symbolic links do not have flags, so unless the .Fl H or .Fl L option is set, .Nm on a symbolic link always succeeds and has no effect. The .Fl H , .Fl L and .Fl P options are ignored unless the .Fl R option is specified. In addition, these options override each other and the command's actions are determined by the last one specified. .Pp You can use "ls -lo" to see the flags of existing files. .Sh DIAGNOSTICS .Ex -std .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr ls 1 , .Xr chflags 2 , .Xr stat 2 , .Xr fts 3 , .Xr symlink 7 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command first appeared in .Bx 4.4 .