image-file.el   [plain text]

;;; image-file.el --- support for visiting image files
;; Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
;;   2005, 2006, 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: Miles Bader <>
;; Keywords: multimedia

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; Defines a file-name-handler hook that transforms visited (or
;; inserted) image files so that they are displayed by Emacs as
;; images.  This is done by putting a `display' text-property on the
;; image data, with the image-data still present underneath; if the
;; resulting buffer file is saved to another name it will correctly save
;; the image data to the new file.

;;; Code:

(require 'image)

(defcustom image-file-name-extensions
  '("png" "jpeg" "jpg" "gif" "tiff" "tif" "xbm" "xpm" "pbm" "pgm" "ppm" "pnm")
  "*A list of image-file filename extensions.
Filenames having one of these extensions are considered image files,
in addition to those matching `image-file-name-regexps'.

See `auto-image-file-mode'; if `auto-image-file-mode' is enabled,
setting this variable directly does not take effect unless
`auto-image-file-mode' is re-enabled; this happens automatically when
the variable is set using \\[customize]."
  :type '(repeat string)
  :set (lambda (sym val)
	 (set-default sym val)
	 (when auto-image-file-mode
	   ;; Re-initialize the image-file handler
	   (auto-image-file-mode t)))
  :initialize 'custom-initialize-default
  :group 'image)

(defcustom image-file-name-regexps nil
  "*List of regexps matching image-file filenames.
Filenames matching one of these regexps are considered image files,
in addition to those with an extension in `image-file-name-extensions'.

See function `auto-image-file-mode'; if `auto-image-file-mode' is
enabled, setting this variable directly does not take effect unless
`auto-image-file-mode' is re-enabled; this happens automatically when
the variable is set using \\[customize]."
  :type '(repeat regexp)
  :set (lambda (sym val)
	 (set-default sym val)
	 (when auto-image-file-mode
	   ;; Re-initialize the image-file handler
	   (auto-image-file-mode t)))
  :initialize 'custom-initialize-default
  :group 'image)

(defun image-file-name-regexp ()
  "Return a regular expression matching image-file filenames."
  (let ((exts-regexp
	 (and image-file-name-extensions
	      (concat "\\."
		      (regexp-opt (nconc (mapcar #'upcase
    (if image-file-name-regexps
	(mapconcat 'identity
		   (if exts-regexp
		       (cons exts-regexp image-file-name-regexps)

(defun insert-image-file (file &optional visit beg end replace)
  "Insert the image file FILE into the current buffer.
Optional arguments VISIT, BEG, END, and REPLACE are interpreted as for
the command `insert-file-contents'."
  (let ((rval
	 (image-file-call-underlying #'insert-file-contents-literally
				     file visit beg end replace)))
    ;; Turn the image data into a real image, but only if the whole file
    ;; was inserted
    (when (and (or (null beg) (zerop beg)) (null end))
      (let* ((ibeg (point))
	     (iend (+ (point) (cadr rval)))
	     (visitingp (and visit (= ibeg (point-min)) (= iend (point-max))))
	       (buffer-substring-no-properties ibeg iend)))
	      (create-image data nil t))
	      `(display ,image
			(image-file-yank-handler nil t)
			intangible ,image
			rear-nonsticky (display intangible)
			;; This a cheap attempt to make the whole buffer
			;; read-only when we're visiting the file (as
			;; opposed to just inserting it).
			,@(and visitingp
			       '(read-only t front-sticky (read-only))))))
	(add-text-properties ibeg iend props)
	(when visitingp
	  ;; Inhibit the cursor when the buffer contains only an image,
	  ;; because cursors look very strange on top of images.
	  (setq cursor-type nil)
	  ;; This just makes the arrow displayed in the right fringe
	  ;; area look correct when the image is wider than the window.
	  (setq truncate-lines t))))

;; We use a yank-handler to make yanked images unique, so that
;; yanking two copies of the same image next to each other are
;; recognized as two different images.
(defun image-file-yank-handler (string)
  "Yank handler for inserting an image into a buffer."
  (let ((len (length string))
	(image (get-text-property 0 'display string)))
    (remove-text-properties 0 len yank-excluded-properties string)
    (if (consp image)
	(add-text-properties 0
			     (or (next-single-property-change 0 'image-counter string)
				 (length string))
			       ,(cons (car image) (cdr image))
			       ,(cons 'image-file-yank-handler '(nil t)))
    (insert string)))

(put 'image-file-handler 'safe-magic t)
(defun image-file-handler (operation &rest args)
  "Filename handler for inserting image files.
OPERATION is the operation to perform, on ARGS.
See `file-name-handler-alist' for details."
  (if (and (eq operation 'insert-file-contents)
      (apply #'insert-image-file args)
    ;; We don't handle OPERATION, use another handler or the default
    (apply #'image-file-call-underlying operation operation args)))

(defun image-file-call-underlying (function operation &rest args)
  "Call FUNCTION with `image-file-handler' and OPERATION inhibited.
Optional argument ARGS are the arguments to call FUNCTION with."
  (let ((inhibit-file-name-handlers
	 (cons 'image-file-handler
	       (and (eq inhibit-file-name-operation operation)
	(inhibit-file-name-operation operation))
    (apply function args)))

(define-minor-mode auto-image-file-mode
  "Toggle visiting of image files as images.
With prefix argument ARG, turn on if positive, otherwise off.
Returns non-nil if the new state is enabled.

Image files are those whose name has an extension in
`image-file-name-extensions', or matches a regexp in
  :global t
  :group 'image
  ;; Remove existing handler
  (let ((existing-entry
	 (rassq 'image-file-handler file-name-handler-alist)))
    (when existing-entry
      (setq file-name-handler-alist
	    (delq existing-entry file-name-handler-alist))))
  ;; Add new handler, if enabled
  (when auto-image-file-mode
    (push (cons (image-file-name-regexp) 'image-file-handler)

(provide 'image-file)

;;; arch-tag: 04cafe36-f7ba-4c80-9f47-4cb656520ce1
;;; image-file.el ends here