.\" .\" "$Id: backend.man,v 188.8.131.52 2005/01/04 19:16:05 jlovell Exp $" .\" .\" backend man page for the Common UNIX Printing System (CUPS). .\" .\" Copyright 1997-2005 by Easy Software Products. .\" .\" These coded instructions, statements, and computer programs are the .\" property of Easy Software Products and are protected by Federal .\" copyright law. Distribution and use rights are outlined in the file .\" "LICENSE.txt" which should have been included with this file. If this .\" file is missing or damaged please contact Easy Software Products .\" at: .\" .\" Attn: CUPS Licensing Information .\" Easy Software Products .\" 44141 Airport View Drive, Suite 204 .\" Hollywood, Maryland 20636 USA .\" .\" Voice: (301) 373-9600 .\" EMail: firstname.lastname@example.org .\" WWW: http://www.cups.org .\" .TH backend 1 "Common UNIX Printing System" "8 October 2004" "Easy Software Products" .SH NAME backend \- cups backend transmission interfaces .SH SYNOPSIS .B backend job user title num-copies options [ .I filename ] .SH DESCRIPTION The CUPS backend interface provides a standard method for sending document files to different physical interfaces. .LP Backends must be capable of reading from a filename on the command-line or from the standard input, copying the standard input to a temporary file if required by the physical interface. .LP The command name (argv) is set to the device URI of the destination printer. Starting with CUPS 1.1.22, any authentication information in argv will be removed, so backend developers are urged to use the DEVICE_URI environment variable whenever authentication information is required. .SH ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES The following environment variables are defined by the CUPS server when executing the backend: .TP 5 CHARSET .br The default text character set (typically us-ascii or iso-8859-1). .TP 5 CLASS .br When a job is submitted to a printer class, contains the name of the destination printer class. Otherwise this environment variable will not be set. .TP 5 CONTENT_TYPE .br The MIME type associated with the file (e.g. application/postscript). .TP 5 CUPS_DATADIR .br The directory where data files can be found. .TP 5 CUPS_SERVERROOT .br The root directory of the server. .TP 5 DEVICE_URI .br The device-uri associated with the printer; this is provided for shell scripts which may not be able to get the passed argv string and for backends that require any authentication information which is not included in argv. .TP 5 LANG .br The default language locale (typically C or en). .TP 5 PATH .br The standard execution path for external programs that may be run by the backend. .TP 5 PPD .br The full pathname of the PostScript Printer Description (PPD) file for this printer. .TP 5 PRINTER .br The name of the printer. .TP 5 RIP_CACHE .br The recommended amount of memory to use for Raster Image Processors (RIPs). .TP 5 SOFTWARE .br The name and version number of the server (typically CUPS/1.1). .TP 5 TZ .br The timezone of the server. .TP 5 USER .br The user executing the backend, typically root; consult the cupsd.conf file for the current setting. .SH SEE ALSO cupsd(8), filter(1) CUPS Interface Design Description, CUPS Software Administrators Manual, CUPS Software Programmers Manual, http://localhost:631/documentation.html .SH COPYRIGHT Copyright 1993-2005 by Easy Software Products, All Rights Reserved. .\" .\" End of "$Id: backend.man,v 184.108.40.206 2005/01/04 19:16:05 jlovell Exp $". .\"