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<CENTER><A HREF="#CONTENTS"><IMG SRC="images/cups-large.gif" BORDER="0" WIDTH="431" HEIGHT="511"><BR>
<H1>CUPS Software Test Plan</H1></A><BR>
Easy Software Products<BR>
Copyright 1997-2002, All Rights Reserved<BR>
<H1 ALIGN="CENTER"><A NAME="CONTENTS">Table of Contents</A></H1>
<BR><B><A HREF="#1">1 Scope</A></B>
<LI><A HREF="#1_1">1.1 Identification</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#1_2">1.2 System Overview</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#1_3">1.3 Document Overview</A></LI>
<B><A HREF="#2">2 References</A></B>
<LI><A HREF="#2_1">2.1 CUPS Documentation</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#2_2">2.2 Other Documents</A></LI>
<B><A HREF="#3">3 Test Procedure</A></B>
<BR><B><A HREF="#4">4 IPP Compliance Tests</A></B>
<LI><A HREF="#4_1">4.1 Request Tests</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#4_2">4.2 CUPS Printer Operation Tests</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#4_3">4.3 Job Operation Tests</A></LI>
<B><A HREF="#5">5 Command Tests</A></B>
<LI><A HREF="#5_1">5.1 lpadmin</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_2">5.2 lpc</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_3">5.3 lpq</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_4">5.4 lpstat</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_5">5.5 lp</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_6">5.6 lpr</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_7">5.7 lprm</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_8">5.8 cancel</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#5_9">5.9 lpinfo</A></LI>
<B><A HREF="#6">A Glossary</A></B>
<LI><A HREF="#6_1">A.1 Terms</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="#6_2">A.2 Acronyms</A></LI>
<H1><A NAME="1">1 Scope</A></H1>
<H2><A NAME="1_1">1.1 Identification</A></H2>
<P>This software test plan provides detailed tests that are used to
 evaluate the stability and compliance of the Common UNIX Printing
 System (&quot;CUPS&quot;) Version 1.1.</P>
<H2><A NAME="1_2">1.2 System Overview</A></H2>
<P>CUPS provides a portable printing layer for UNIX&reg;-based operating
 systems. It has been developed by<A HREF=""> Easy
 Software Products</A> to promote a standard printing solution for all
 UNIX vendors and users. CUPS provides the System V and Berkeley
 command-line interfaces.</P>
<P>CUPS uses the Internet Printing Protocol (&quot;IPP&quot;) as the basis for
 managing print jobs and queues. The Line Printer Daemon (&quot;LPD&quot;) Server
 Message Block (&quot;SMB&quot;), and AppSocket (a.k.a. JetDirect) protocols are
 also supported with reduced functionality. CUPS adds network printer
 browsing and PostScript Printer Description (&quot;PPD&quot;) based printing
 options to support real-world printing under UNIX.</P>
<P>CUPS also includes a customized version of GNU Ghostscript (currently
 based off GNU Ghostscript 5.50) and an image file RIP that are used to
 support non-PostScript printers. Sample drivers for HP and EPSON
 printers are included that use these filters.</P>
<H2><A NAME="1_3">1.3 Document Overview</A></H2>
<P>This software test plan is organized into the following sections:</P>
<LI>1 - Scope</LI>
<LI>2 - References</LI>
<LI>3 - Test Procedure</LI>
<LI>4 - IPP Compliance Tests</LI>
<LI>5 - Command Tests</LI>
<LI>A - Glossary</LI>
<H1><A NAME="2">2 References</A></H1>
<H2><A NAME="2_1">2.1 CUPS Documentation</A></H2>
<P>The following CUPS documentation is referenced by this document:</P>
<LI>CUPS-CMP-1.1: CUPS Configuration Management Plan</LI>
<LI>CUPS-IDD-1.1: CUPS System Interface Design Description</LI>
<LI>CUPS-IPP-1.1: CUPS Implementation of IPP</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SAM-1.1.x: CUPS Software Administrators Manual</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SDD-1.1: CUPS Software Design Description</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SPM-1.1.x: CUPS Software Programming Manual</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SSR-1.1: CUPS Software Security Report</LI>
<LI>CUPS-STP-1.1: CUPS Software Test Plan</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SUM-1.1.x: CUPS Software Users Manual</LI>
<LI>CUPS-SVD-1.1: CUPS Software Version Description</LI>
<H2><A NAME="2_2">2.2 Other Documents</A></H2>
<P>The following non-CUPS documents are referenced by this document:</P>
<LI><A HREF="">
Adobe PostScript Printer Description File Format Specification, Version
<LI><A HREF="">
Adobe PostScript Language Reference, Third Edition.</A></LI>
<LI>IPP: Job and Printer Set Operations</LI>
<LI>IPP/1.1: Encoding and Transport</LI>
<LI>IPP/1.1: Implementers Guide</LI>
<LI>IPP/1.1: Model and Semantics</LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 1179, Line Printer
 Daemon Protocol</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 2567, Design Goals
 for an Internet Printing Protocol</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 2568, Rationale
 for the Structure of the Model and Protocol</A> for the Internet
 Printing Protocol</LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 2569, Mapping
 between LPD and IPP Protocols</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 2616, Hypertext
 Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1</A></LI>
<LI><A HREF="">RFC 2617, HTTP
 Authentication: Basic and Digest Access</A> Authentication</LI>
<H1><A NAME="3">3 Test Procedure</A></H1>
<P>The test software and data files are located in the<VAR> test</VAR>
 subdirectory of the source distribution. A script is provided to
 compile the <CODE>ipptest</CODE> program and run all of the tests that
 follow, producing a success/fail report.</P>
<P>The <CODE>test</CODE> target of the top-level makefile can be used to
 run this script:</P>
make test
<P>or you can run the test script directly:</P>
cd test
<P>A Software Test Report is stored in HTML and PDF files that are
 generated using the<A HREF=""> HTMLDOC</A>
<H1><A NAME="4">4 IPP Compliance Tests</A></H1>
<P>This section describes the tests used to validate the IPP standards
 compliance of the CUPS server.</P>
<H2><A NAME="4_1">4.1 Request Tests</A></H2>
<P>These tests verify that the CUPS scheduler only accepts valid IPP
 requests that start with the <CODE>attributes-charset</CODE> and <CODE>
attributes-natural-language</CODE> attributes and also contain a <CODE>
printer-uri</CODE> or <CODE>job-uri</CODE> attribute.</P>
<P>It also verifies that the CUPS scheduler always responds with <CODE>
attributes-charset</CODE> and <CODE>attributes-natural-language</CODE>
 attributes, using default values if they are not provided by the
<H2><A NAME="4_2">4.2 CUPS Printer Operation Tests</A></H2>
<P>These tests verify that the CUPS printer operations are supported and
 function properly. Two printers called <CODE>Test1</CODE> and <CODE>
Test2</CODE> are created, one as a PostScript printer and one as a
 raster printer.</P>
<H2><A NAME="4_3">4.3 Job Operation Tests</A></H2>
<P>These test verify that the CUPS scheduler accepts print jobs for all
 supported file formats and that the <CODE>cancel-job</CODE>, <CODE>
hold-job</CODE>, and <CODE>resume-job</CODE> operations work.</P>
<H1><A NAME="5">5 Command Tests</A></H1>
<P>This section describes the tests used to validate the Berkeley and
 System V commands included with CUPS.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_1">5.1 lpadmin</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that printers can be added, modified, and
 defaulted using the <CODE>lpadmin</CODE> command.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_2">5.2 lpc</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lpc</CODE> command can show the
 current status of all print queues.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_3">5.3 lpq</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lpq</CODE> command lists any jobs
 in the queue.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_4">5.4 lpstat</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lpstat</CODE> command works with
 all reports using the &quot;<CODE>-t</CODE>&quot; option.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_5">5.5 lp</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lp</CODE> command works with both
 the default destination and a specific destination.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_6">5.6 lpr</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lpr</CODE> command works with both
 the default destination and a specific destination.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_7">5.7 lprm</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lprm</CODE> command can properly
 cancel a job.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_8">5.8 cancel</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>cancel</CODE> command can properly
 cancel a job or all jobs.</P>
<H2><A NAME="5_9">5.9 lpinfo</A></H2>
<P>This test verifies that the <CODE>lpinfo</CODE> command returns a
 list of available printer drivers and devices.</P>
<H1 TYPE="A" VALUE="1"><A NAME="6">A Glossary</A></H1>
<H2><A NAME="6_1">A.1 Terms</A></H2>
<DD>A computer language.</DD>
<DD>Sending or receiving data more than 1 bit at a time.</DD>
<DD>A one-way communications channel between two programs.</DD>
<DD>Sending or receiving data 1 bit at a time.</DD>
<DD>A two-way network communications channel.</DD>
<H2><A NAME="6_2">A.2 Acronyms</A></H2>
<DD>American Standard Code for Information Interchange</DD>
<DD>Common UNIX Printing System</DD>
<DD>EPSON Standard Code for Printers</DD>
<DD>File Transfer Protocol</DD>
<DD>Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language</DD>
<DD>Hewlett-Packard Page Control Language</DD>
<DD>Hewlett-Packard Printer Job Language</DD>
<DD>Internet Engineering Task Force</DD>
<DD>Internet Printing Protocol</DD>
<DD>International Standards Organization</DD>
<DD>Line Printer Daemon</DD>
<DD>Multimedia Internet Mail Exchange</DD>
<DD>PostScript Printer Description</DD>
<DD>Server Message Block</DD>
<DD>Trivial File Transfer Protocol</DD>