uudecode.c   [plain text]


/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1983, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#if 0
#ifndef lint
static const char copyright[] =
"@(#) Copyright (c) 1983, 1993\n\
	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.\n";
#endif /* not lint */

#ifndef lint
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)uudecode.c	8.2 (Berkeley) 4/2/94";
#endif /* not lint */
#endif
#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD: head/usr.bin/uudecode/uudecode.c 214010 2010-10-18 05:44:11Z edwin $");

/*
 * uudecode [file ...]
 *
 * create the specified file, decoding as you go.
 * used with uuencode.
 */
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <libgen.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <resolv.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>

static const char *infile, *outfile;
static FILE *infp, *outfp;
static int base64, cflag, iflag, oflag, pflag, rflag, sflag;

static void	usage(void);
static int	decode(void);
static int	decode2(void);
static int	uu_decode(void);
static int	base64_decode(void);

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int rval, ch;

	if (strcmp(basename(argv[0]), "b64decode") == 0)
		base64 = 1;

	while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "cimo:prs")) != -1) {
		switch (ch) {
		case 'c':
			if (oflag || rflag)
				usage();
			cflag = 1; /* multiple uudecode'd files */
			break;
		case 'i':
			iflag = 1; /* ask before override files */
			break;
		case 'm':
			base64 = 1;
			break;
		case 'o':
			if (cflag || pflag || rflag || sflag)
				usage();
			oflag = 1; /* output to the specified file */
			sflag = 1; /* do not strip pathnames for output */
			outfile = optarg; /* set the output filename */
			break;
		case 'p':
			if (oflag)
				usage();
			pflag = 1; /* print output to stdout */
			break;
		case 'r':
			if (cflag || oflag)
				usage();
			rflag = 1; /* decode raw data */
			break;
		case 's':
			if (oflag)
				usage();
			sflag = 1; /* do not strip pathnames for output */
			break;
		default:
			usage();
		}
	}
//	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (*argv != NULL) {
		rval = 0;
		do {
			infp = fopen(infile = *argv, "r");
			if (infp == NULL) {
				warn("%s", *argv);
				rval = 1;
				continue;
			}
			rval |= decode();
			fclose(infp);
		} while (*++argv);
	} else {
		infile = "stdin";
		infp = stdin;
		rval = decode();
	}
	exit(rval);
}

static int
decode(void)
{
	int r, v;

	if (rflag) {
		/* relaxed alternative to decode2() */
		outfile = "/dev/stdout";
		outfp = stdout;
		if (base64)
			return (base64_decode());
		else
			return (uu_decode());
	}
	v = decode2();
	if (v == EOF) {
		warnx("%s: missing or bad \"begin\" line", infile);
		return (1);
	}
	for (r = v; cflag; r |= v) {
		v = decode2();
		if (v == EOF)
			break;
	}
	return (r);
}

static int
decode2(void)
{
	int flags, fd, mode;
	size_t n, m;
	char *p, *q = NULL, *orig_outfile = NULL;
	void *handle;
	struct passwd *pw;
	struct stat st;
	char buf[MAXPATHLEN + 1];

	base64 = 0;
	/* search for header line */
	for (;;) {
		if (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), infp) == NULL)
			return (EOF);
		p = buf;
		if (strncmp(p, "begin-base64 ", 13) == 0) {
			base64 = 1;
			p += 13;
		} else if (strncmp(p, "begin ", 6) == 0)
			p += 6;
		else
			continue;
		/* p points to mode */
		q = strchr(p, ' ');
		if (q == NULL)
			continue;
		*q++ = '\0';
		/* q points to filename */
		n = strlen(q);
		while (n > 0 && (q[n-1] == '\n' || q[n-1] == '\r'))
			q[--n] = '\0';
		/* found valid header? */
		if (n > 0)
			break;
	}
    orig_outfile = q;
	handle = setmode(p);
	if (handle == NULL) {
		warnx("%s: unable to parse file mode", infile);
		return (1);
	}
	mode = getmode(handle, 0);
	free(handle);

	if (sflag) {
		/* don't strip, so try ~user/file expansion */
		p = NULL;
		pw = NULL;
		if (*q == '~')
			p = strchr(q, '/');
		if (p != NULL) {
			*p = '\0';
			pw = getpwnam(q + 1);
			*p = '/';
		}
		if (pw != NULL) {
			n = strlen(pw->pw_dir);
			if (buf + n > p) {
				/* make room */
				m = strlen(p);
				if (sizeof(buf) < n + m) {
					warnx("%s: bad output filename",
					    infile);
					return (1);
				}
				p = memmove(buf + n, p, m);
			}
			q = memcpy(p - n, pw->pw_dir, n);
		}
	} else {
		/* strip down to leaf name */
		p = strrchr(q, '/');
		if (p != NULL)
			q = p + 1;
	}
	if (!oflag) {
		outfile = q ? strdup(q) : q;
    }

	/* POSIX says "/dev/stdout" is a 'magic cookie' not a special file. */
	if (pflag || (strcmp(oflag ? outfile : orig_outfile, "/dev/stdout") == 0)) {
		outfp = stdout;
	} else {
        char pwd[MAXPATHLEN] = "";
        char targetpath[MAXPATHLEN];
		flags = O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_EXCL;
		if (lstat(outfile, &st) == 0) {
			if (iflag && !S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode)) {
				warnc(EEXIST, "%s: %s", infile, outfile);
				return (0);
			}
            
            flags = O_RDWR;
			switch (st.st_mode & S_IFMT) {
			case S_IFREG:
				flags |= O_NOFOLLOW | O_TRUNC;
				break;
			case S_IFLNK:
                if (NULL == realpath(".", pwd)) {
                    warn("Unable to get realpath for .");
                    return (1);
                }
                flags |= O_CREAT; // for dangling symlinks
				break;
			case S_IFDIR:
				warnc(EISDIR, "%s: %s", infile, outfile);
				return (1);
            case S_IFIFO:
                flags &= ~O_EXCL;
                break;
			default:
				if (oflag) {
					/* trust command-line names */
					flags &= ~O_EXCL;
					break;
				}
				warnc(EEXIST, "%s: %s", infile, outfile);
				return (1);
			}
		} else if (errno != ENOENT) {
			warn("%s: %s", infile, outfile);
			return (1);
		}
        fd = open(outfile, flags, mode);
        if (fd < 0) {
			warn("%s: %s", infile, outfile);
            return (1);
        }
        if (pwd[0]) {
            if (-1 != fcntl(fd, F_GETPATH, targetpath)) {
                if (strstr(targetpath, pwd) != targetpath) {
                    warnx("Target path %s is not based at %s", targetpath, pwd);
                    close(fd);
                    return (1);
                }
                ftruncate(fd, 0);
            } else {
                close(fd);
                warn("Unable to get path for target: %s", outfile);
                return (1);
            }
        }
		if ((outfp = fdopen(fd, "w")) == NULL) {
			warn("%s: %s", infile, outfile);
            close(fd);
			return (1);
		}
        if (fchmod(fileno(outfp), mode) && (EPERM != errno)) {
            warn("%s: %s", infile, outfile);
            close(fd);
            return 1;
        }
	}
	if (base64)
		return (base64_decode());
	else
		return (uu_decode());
}

static int
uugetline(char *buf, size_t size)
{

	if (fgets(buf, size, infp) != NULL)
		return (2);
	if (rflag)
		return (0);
	warnx("%s: %s: short file", infile, outfile);
	return (1);
}

static int
checkend(const char *ptr, const char *end, const char *msg)
{
	size_t n;

	n = strlen(end);
	if (strncmp(ptr, end, n) != 0 ||
	    strspn(ptr + n, " \t\r\n") != strlen(ptr + n)) {
		warnx("%s: %s: %s", infile, outfile, msg);
		return (1);
	}
	if (fclose(outfp) != 0) {
		warn("%s: %s", infile, outfile);
		return (1);
	}
	return (0);
}

static int
uu_decode(void)
{
	int i, ch;
	char *p;
	char buf[MAXPATHLEN+1];

	/* for each input line */
	for (;;) {
		switch (uugetline(buf, sizeof(buf))) {
		case 0:
			return (0);
		case 1:
			return (1);
		}

#define	DEC(c)		(((c) - ' ') & 077)	/* single character decode */
#define IS_DEC(c)	 ( (((c) - ' ') >= 0) && (((c) - ' ') <= 077 + 1) )

#define OUT_OF_RANGE do {						\
	warnx("%s: %s: character out of range: [%d-%d]",		\
	    infile, outfile, 1 + ' ', 077 + ' ' + 1);			\
	return (1);							\
} while (0)

		/*
		 * `i' is used to avoid writing out all the characters
		 * at the end of the file.
		 */
		p = buf;
		if ((i = DEC(*p)) <= 0)
			break;
		for (++p; i > 0; p += 4, i -= 3)
			if (i >= 3) {
				if (!(IS_DEC(*p) && IS_DEC(*(p + 1)) &&
				    IS_DEC(*(p + 2)) && IS_DEC(*(p + 3))))
					OUT_OF_RANGE;

				ch = DEC(p[0]) << 2 | DEC(p[1]) >> 4;
				putc(ch, outfp);
				ch = DEC(p[1]) << 4 | DEC(p[2]) >> 2;
				putc(ch, outfp);
				ch = DEC(p[2]) << 6 | DEC(p[3]);
				putc(ch, outfp);
			} else {
				if (i >= 1) {
					if (!(IS_DEC(*p) && IS_DEC(*(p + 1))))
	                                	OUT_OF_RANGE;
					ch = DEC(p[0]) << 2 | DEC(p[1]) >> 4;
					putc(ch, outfp);
				}
				if (i >= 2) {
					if (!(IS_DEC(*(p + 1)) &&
					    IS_DEC(*(p + 2))))
						OUT_OF_RANGE;

					ch = DEC(p[1]) << 4 | DEC(p[2]) >> 2;
					putc(ch, outfp);
				}
				if (i >= 3) {
					if (!(IS_DEC(*(p + 2)) &&
					    IS_DEC(*(p + 3))))
						OUT_OF_RANGE;
					ch = DEC(p[2]) << 6 | DEC(p[3]);
					putc(ch, outfp);
				}
			}
	}
	switch (uugetline(buf, sizeof(buf))) {
	case 0:
		return (0);
	case 1:
		return (1);
	default:
		return (checkend(buf, "end", "no \"end\" line"));
	}
}

static int
base64_decode(void)
{
	int n, count, count4;
	char inbuf[MAXPATHLEN + 1], *p;
	unsigned char outbuf[MAXPATHLEN * 4];
	char leftover[MAXPATHLEN + 1];

	leftover[0] = '\0';
	for (;;) {
		strcpy(inbuf, leftover);
		switch (uugetline(inbuf + strlen(inbuf),
		    sizeof(inbuf) - strlen(inbuf))) {
		case 0:
			return (0);
		case 1:
			return (1);
		}

		count = 0;
		count4 = -1;
		p = inbuf;
		while (*p != '\0') {
			/*
			 * Base64 encoded strings have the following
			 * characters in them: A-Z, a-z, 0-9 and +, / and =
			 */
			if (isalnum(*p) || *p == '+' || *p == '/' || *p == '=')
				count++;
			if (count % 4 == 0)
				count4 = p - inbuf;
			p++;
		}

		strcpy(leftover, inbuf + count4 + 1);
		inbuf[count4 + 1] = 0;

		n = b64_pton(inbuf, outbuf, sizeof(outbuf));

		if (n < 0)
			break;
		fwrite(outbuf, 1, n, outfp);
	}
	return (checkend(inbuf, "====", "error decoding base64 input stream"));
}

static void
usage(void)
{

	(void)fprintf(stderr,
	    "usage: uudecode [-cimprs] [file ...]\n"
	    "       uudecode [-i] -o output_file [file]\n"
	    "       b64decode [-cimprs] [file ...]\n"
	    "       b64decode [-i] -o output_file [file]\n");
	exit(1);
}