autom4te.in   [plain text]


#! @PERL@ -w
# -*- perl -*-
# @configure_input@

eval 'case $# in 0) exec @PERL@ -S "$0";; *) exec @PERL@ -S "$0" "$@";; esac'
    if 0;

# autom4te - Wrapper around M4 libraries.
# Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
# any later version.

# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.

# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
# 02111-1307, USA.


BEGIN
{
  my $datadir = $ENV{'autom4te_perllibdir'} || '@datadir@';
  unshift @INC, $datadir;

  # Override SHELL.  On DJGPP SHELL may not be set to a shell
  # that can handle redirection and quote arguments correctly,
  # e.g.: COMMAND.COM.  For DJGPP always use the shell that configure
  # has detected.
  $ENV{'SHELL'} = '@SHELL@' if ($^O eq 'dos');
}

use Autom4te::C4che;
use Autom4te::ChannelDefs;
use Autom4te::Channels;
use Autom4te::FileUtils;
use Autom4te::General;
use Autom4te::XFile;
use File::Basename;
use strict;

# Data directory.
my $datadir = $ENV{'AC_MACRODIR'} || '@datadir@';

# $LANGUAGE{LANGUAGE} -- Automatic options for LANGUAGE.
my %language;

my $output = '-';

# Mode of the output file except for traces.
my $mode = "0666";

# If melt, don't use frozen files.
my $melt = 0;

# Names of the cache directory, cache directory index, trace cache
# prefix, and output cache prefix.  And the IO objet for the index.
my $cache;
my $icache;
my $tcache;
my $ocache;
my $icache_file;

# The macros to trace mapped to their format, as specified by the
# user.
my %trace;

# The macros the user will want to trace in the future.
# We need `include' to get the included file, `m4_pattern_forbid' and
# `m4_pattern_allow' to check the output.
#
# FIXME: What about `sinclude'?
my @preselect = ('include',
		 'm4_pattern_allow', 'm4_pattern_forbid',
		 '_m4_warn');

# M4 include path.
my @include;

# Do we freeze?
my $freeze = 0;

# $M4.
my $m4 = $ENV{"M4"} || '@M4@';
# Some non-GNU m4's don't reject the --help option, so give them /dev/null.
fatal "need GNU m4 1.4 or later: $m4"
  if system "$m4 --help </dev/null 2>&1 | grep reload-state >/dev/null";

# Set some high recursion limit as the default limit, 250, has already
# been hit with AC_OUTPUT.  Don't override the user's choice.
$m4 .= ' --nesting-limit=1024'
  if " $m4 " !~ / (--nesting-limit|-L) /;


# @M4_BUILTIN -- M4 builtins and a useful comment.
my @m4_builtin = `echo dumpdef | $m4 2>&1 >/dev/null`;
map { s/:.*//;s/\W// } @m4_builtin;


# %M4_BUILTIN_ALTERNATE_NAME
# --------------------------
# The builtins are renamed, e.g., `define' is renamed `m4_define'.
# So map `define' to `m4_define' and conversely.
# Some macros don't follow this scheme: be sure to properly map to their
# alternate name too.
#
# This is because GNU M4 1.4's tracing of builtins is buggy.  When run on
# this input:
#
# | divert(-1)
# | changequote([, ])
# | define([m4_eval], defn([eval]))
# | eval(1)
# | m4_eval(2)
# | undefine([eval])
# | m4_eval(3)
#
# it behaves this way:
#
# | % m4 input.m4 -da -t eval
# | m4trace: -1- eval(1)
# | m4trace: -1- m4_eval(2)
# | m4trace: -1- m4_eval(3)
# | %
#
# Conversely:
#
# | % m4 input.m4 -da -t m4_eval
# | %
#
# So we will merge them, i.e.  tracing `BUILTIN' or tracing
# `m4_BUILTIN' will be the same: tracing both, but honoring the
# *last* trace specification.
#
# FIXME: This is not enough: in the output `$0' will be `BUILTIN'
# sometimes and `m4_BUILTIN' at others.  We should return a unique name,
# the one specified by the user.
#
# FIXME: To be absolutely rigorous, I would say that given that we
# _redefine_ divert (instead of _copying_ it), divert and the like
# should not be part of this list.
my %m4_builtin_alternate_name;
@m4_builtin_alternate_name{"$_", "m4_$_"} = ("m4_$_", "$_")
  foreach (grep { !/m4wrap|m4exit|dnl|ifelse|__.*__/ } @m4_builtin);
@m4_builtin_alternate_name{"ifelse", "m4_if"}   = ("m4_if", "ifelse");
@m4_builtin_alternate_name{"m4exit", "m4_exit"} = ("m4_exit", "m4exit");
@m4_builtin_alternate_name{"m4wrap", "m4_wrap"} = ("m4_wrap", "m4wrap");


# $HELP
# -----
$help = "Usage: $0 [OPTION] ... [FILES]

Run GNU M4 on the FILES, avoiding useless runs.  Output the traces if tracing,
the frozen file if freezing, otherwise the expansion of the FILES.

If some of the FILES are named \`FILE.m4f\' they are considered to be M4
frozen files of all the previous files (which are therefore not loaded).
If \`FILE.m4f\' is not found, then \`FILE.m4\' will be used, together with
all the previous files.

Some files may be optional, i.e., will only be processed if found in the
include path, but then must end in \`.m4?\';  the question mark is not part of
the actual file name.

Operation modes:
  -h, --help               print this help, then exit
  -V, --version            print version number, then exit
  -v, --verbose            verbosely report processing
  -d, --debug              don\'t remove temporary files
  -o, --output=FILE        save output in FILE (defaults to \`-\', stdout)
  -f, --force              don\'t rely on cached values
  -W, --warnings=CATEGORY  report the warnings falling in CATEGORY
  -l, --language=LANG      specify the set of M4 macros to use
  -C, --cache=DIRECTORY    preserve results for future runs in DIRECTORY
      --no-cache           disable the cache
  -m, --mode=OCTAL         change the non trace output file mode (0666)
  -M, --melt               don\'t use M4 frozen files

Languages include:
  \`Autoconf\'   create Autoconf configure scripts
  \`Autotest\'   create Autotest test suites
  \`M4sh\'       create M4sh shell scripts
  \`M4sugar\'    create M4sugar output

" . Autom4te::ChannelDefs::usage . "

The environment variable \`WARNINGS\' is honored.

Library directories:
  -B, --prepend-include=DIR  prepend directory DIR to search path
  -I, --include=DIR          append directory DIR to search path

Tracing:
  -t, --trace=MACRO      report the MACRO invocations
  -p, --preselect=MACRO  prepare to trace MACRO in a future run

Freezing:
  -F, --freeze   produce an M4 frozen state file for FILES

Report bugs to <bug-autoconf\@gnu.org>.
";

# $VERSION
# --------
$version =  <<"EOF";
autom4te (@PACKAGE_NAME@) @VERSION@
Written by Akim Demaille.

Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EOF


## ---------- ##
## Routines.  ##
## ---------- ##


# $OPTION
# files_to_options (@FILE)
# ------------------------
# Transform Autom4te conventions (e.g., using foo.m4f to designate a frozen
# file) into a suitable command line for M4 (e.g., using --reload-state).
sub files_to_options (@)
{
  my (@file) = @_;
  my @res;
  foreach my $file (@file)
    {
      if ($file =~ /\.m4f$/)
	{
	  push @res, "--reload-state=$file";
	}
      else
	{
	  push @res, $file;
	}
    }
  return join ' ', @res;
}


# load_configuration ($FILE)
# --------------------------
# Load the configuration $FILE.
sub load_configuration ($)
{
  my ($file) = @_;
  use Text::ParseWords;

  my $cfg = new Autom4te::XFile ($file);
  my $lang;
  while ($_ = $cfg->getline)
    {
      chomp;
      # Comments.
      next
	if /^\s*(\#.*)?$/;

      my @words = shellwords ($_);
      my $type = shift @words;
      if ($type eq 'begin-language:')
	{
	  fatal "$file:$.: end-language missing for: $lang"
	    if defined $lang;
	  $lang = lc $words[0];
	}
      elsif ($type eq 'end-language:')
	{
	  error "$file:$.: end-language mismatch: $lang"
	    if $lang ne lc $words[0];
	  $lang = undef;
	}
      elsif ($type eq 'args:')
	{
	  fatal "$file:$.: no current language"
	    unless defined $lang;
	  push @{$language{$lang}}, @words;
	}
      else
	{
	  error "$file:$.: unknown directive: $type";
	}
    }
}


# parse_args ()
# -------------
# Process any command line arguments.
sub parse_args ()
{
  # We want to look for the early options, which should not be found
  # in the configuration file.  Prepend to the user arguments.
  # Perform this repeatedly so that we can use --language in language
  # definitions.  Beware that there can be several --language
  # invocations.
  my @language;
  do {
    @language = ();
    use Getopt::Long;
    Getopt::Long::Configure ("pass_through", "permute");
    GetOptions ("l|language=s" => \@language);

    foreach (@language)
      {
	error "unknown language: $_"
	  unless exists $language{lc $_};
	unshift @ARGV, @{$language{lc $_}};
      }
  } while @language;

  # --debug is useless: it is parsed below.
  if (exists $ENV{'AUTOM4TE_DEBUG'})
    {
      print STDERR "$me: concrete arguments:\n";
      foreach my $arg (@ARGV)
	{
	  print STDERR "| $arg\n";
	}
    }

  # Process the arguments for real this time.
  my @trace;
  my @prepend_include;
  parse_WARNINGS;
  getopt
    (
     # Operation modes:
     "o|output=s"   => \$output,
     "W|warnings=s" => \&parse_warnings,
     "m|mode=s"     => \$mode,
     "M|melt"       => \$melt,

     # Library directories:
     "B|prepend-include=s" => \@prepend_include,
     "I|include=s"         => \@include,

     # Tracing:
     # Using a hash for traces is seducing.  Unfortunately, upon `-t FOO',
     # instead of mapping `FOO' to undef, Getopt maps it to `1', preventing
     # us from distinguishing `-t FOO' from `-t FOO=1'.  So let's do it
     # by hand.
     "t|trace=s"     => \@trace,
     "p|preselect=s" => \@preselect,

     # Freezing.
     "F|freeze" => \$freeze,

     # Caching.
     "C|cache=s" => \$cache,
     "no-cache"  => sub { $cache = undef; },
    );

  fatal "too few arguments
Try `$me --help' for more information."
    unless @ARGV;

  # Freezing:
  # We cannot trace at the same time (well, we can, but it sounds insane).
  # And it implies melting: there is risk not to update properly using
  # old frozen files, and worse yet: we could load a frozen file and
  # refreeze it!  A sort of caching :)
  fatal "cannot freeze and trace"
    if $freeze && @trace;
  $melt = 1
    if $freeze;

  # Names of the cache directory, cache directory index, trace cache
  # prefix, and output cache prefix.  If the cache is not to be
  # preserved, default to a temporary directory (automatically removed
  # on exit).
  $cache = $tmp
    unless $cache;
  $icache = "$cache/requests";
  $tcache = "$cache/traces.";
  $ocache = "$cache/output.";

  # Normalize the includes: the first occurrence is enough, several is
  # a pain since it introduces a useless difference in the path which
  # invalidates the cache.  And strip `.' which is implicit and always
  # first.
  @include = grep { !/^\.$/ } uniq (reverse(@prepend_include), @include);

  # Convert @trace to %trace, and work around the M4 builtins tracing
  # problem.
  # The default format is `$f:$l:$n:$%'.
  foreach (@trace)
    {
      /^([^:]+)(?::(.*))?$/ms;
      $trace{$1} = defined $2 ? $2 : '$f:$l:$n:$%';
      $trace{$m4_builtin_alternate_name{$1}} = $trace{$1}
	if exists $m4_builtin_alternate_name{$1};
    }

  # Work around the M4 builtins tracing problem for @PRESELECT.
  push (@preselect,
	map { $m4_builtin_alternate_name{$_} }
	grep { exists $m4_builtin_alternate_name{$_} } @preselect);

  # If we find frozen files, then all the files before it are
  # discarded: the frozen file is supposed to include them all.
  #
  # We don't want to depend upon m4's --include to find the top level
  # files, so we use `find_file' here.  Try to get a canonical name,
  # as it's part of the key for caching.  And some files are optional
  # (also handled by `find_file').
  my @argv;
  foreach (@ARGV)
    {
      if (/\.m4f$/)
	{
	  # Frozen files are optional => pass a `?' to `find_file'.
	  my $file = find_file ("$_?", @include);
	  if (!$melt && $file)
	    {
	      @argv = ($file);
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      s/\.m4f$/.m4/;
	      push @argv, find_file ($_, @include);
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  my $file = find_file ($_, @include);
	  push @argv, $file
	    if $file;
	}
    }
  @ARGV = @argv;
}


# handle_m4 ($REQ, @MACRO)
# ------------------------
# Run m4 on the input files, and save the traces on the @MACRO.
sub handle_m4 ($@)
{
  my ($req, @macro) = @_;

  # GNU m4 appends when using --error-output.
  unlink ($tcache . $req->id . "t");

  # Run m4.
  #
  # Neutralize its stdin, so that GNU M4 1.5 doesn't neutralize SIGINT.
  #
  # We don't output directly to the cache files, to avoid problems
  # when we are interrupted (that leaves corrupted files).
  xsystem ("$m4"
	   . join (' --include=', '', @include)
	   . ' --debug=aflq'
	   . (!exists $ENV{'AUTOM4TE_NO_FATAL'} ? ' --fatal-warning' : '')
	   . " --error-output=$tcache" . $req->id . "t"
	   . join (' --trace=',   '', sort @macro)
	   . " " . files_to_options (@ARGV)
	   . ' </dev/null'
	   . " >$ocache" . $req->id . "t");

  # Everything went ok: preserve the outputs.
  foreach my $file (map { $_ . $req->id } ($tcache, $ocache))
    {
      use File::Copy;
      move ("${file}t", "$file")
	or fatal "cannot rename ${file}t as $file: $!";
    }
}


# warn_forbidden ($WHERE, $WORD, %FORBIDDEN)
# ------------------------------------------
# $WORD is forbidden.  Warn with a dedicated error message if in
# %FORBIDDEN, otherwise, a simple `error: possibly undefined macro'
# will do.
my $first_warn_forbidden = 1;
sub warn_forbidden ($$%)
{
  my ($where, $word, %forbidden) = @_;
  my $message;

  for my $re (sort keys %forbidden)
    {
      if ($word =~ $re)
	{
	  $message = $forbidden{$re};
	  last;
	}
    }
  $message ||= "possibly undefined macro: $word";
  warn "$where: error: $message\n";
  if ($first_warn_forbidden)
    {
      warn <<EOF;
      If this token and others are legitimate, please use m4_pattern_allow.
      See the Autoconf documentation.
EOF
      $first_warn_forbidden = 0;
    }
}


# handle_output ($REQ, $OUTPUT)
# -----------------------------
# Run m4 on the input files, perform quadrigraphs substitution, check for
# forbidden tokens, and save into $OUTPUT.
sub handle_output ($$)
{
  my ($req, $output) = @_;

  verb "creating $output";

  # Load the forbidden/allowed patterns.
  handle_traces ($req, "$tmp/patterns",
		 ('m4_pattern_forbid' => 'forbid:$1:$2',
		  'm4_pattern_allow'  => 'allow:$1'));
  my @patterns = new Autom4te::XFile ("$tmp/patterns")->getlines;
  chomp @patterns;
  my %forbidden =
    map { /^forbid:([^:]+):.+$/ => /^forbid:[^:]+:(.+)$/ } @patterns;
  my $forbidden = join ('|', map { /^forbid:([^:]+)/ } @patterns) || "^\$";
  my $allowed   = join ('|', map { /^allow:([^:]+)/  } @patterns) || "^\$";

  verb "forbidden tokens: $forbidden";
  verb "forbidden token : $_ => $forbidden{$_}"
    foreach (sort keys %forbidden);
  verb "allowed   tokens: $allowed";

  # Read the (cached) raw M4 output, produce the actual result.  We
  # have to use the 2nd arg to have Autom4te::XFile honor the third, but then
  # stdout is to be handled by hand :(.  Don't use fdopen as it means
  # we will close STDOUT, which we already do in END.
  my $out = new Autom4te::XFile;
  if ($output eq '-')
    {
      $out->open (">$output");
    }
  else
    {
      $out->open($output, O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, oct ($mode));
    }
  fatal "cannot create $output: $!"
    unless $out;
  my $in = new Autom4te::XFile ($ocache . $req->id);

  my %prohibited;
  my $res;
  while ($_ = $in->getline)
    {
      s/\s+$//;
      s/__oline__/$./g;
      s/\@<:\@/[/g;
      s/\@:>\@/]/g;
      s/\@S\|\@/\$/g;
      s/\@%:\@/#/g;

      $res = $_;

      # Don't complain in comments.  Well, until we have something
      # better, don't consider `#include' etc. are comments.
      s/\#.*//
	unless /^\#\s*(if|include|endif|ifdef|ifndef|define)\b/;
      foreach (split (/\W+/))
	{
	  $prohibited{$_} = $.
	    if /$forbidden/o && !/$allowed/o && ! exists $prohibited{$_};
	}

      # Performed *last*: the empty quadrigraph.
      $res =~ s/\@&t\@//g;

      print $out "$res\n";
    }

  # If no forbidden words, we're done.
  return
    if ! %prohibited;

  # Locate the forbidden words in the last input file.
  # This is unsatisfying but...
  my $prohibited = '\b(' . join ('|', keys %prohibited) . ')\b';
  my $file = new Autom4te::XFile ($ARGV[$#ARGV]);
  $exit_code = 1;

  while ($_ = $file->getline)
    {
      # Don't complain in comments.  Well, until we have something
      # better, don't consider `#include' etc. are comments.
      s/\#.*//
	unless /^\#(if|include|endif|ifdef|ifndef|define)\b/;

      # Complain once per word, but possibly several times per line.
      while (/$prohibited/)
	{
	  my $word = $1;
	  warn_forbidden ("$ARGV[$#ARGV]:$.", $word, %forbidden);
	  delete $prohibited{$word};
	  # If we're done, exit.
	  return
	    if ! %prohibited;
	  $prohibited = '\b(' . join ('|', keys %prohibited) . ')\b';
	}
    }
  warn_forbidden ("$output:$prohibited{$_}", $_, %forbidden)
    foreach (sort { $prohibited{$a} <=> $prohibited{$b} } keys %prohibited);
}


## --------------------- ##
## Handling the traces.  ##
## --------------------- ##


# $M4_MACRO
# trace_format_to_m4 ($FORMAT)
# ----------------------------
# Convert a trace $FORMAT into a M4 trace processing macro's body.
sub trace_format_to_m4 ($)
{
  my ($format) = @_;
  my $underscore = $_;
  my %escape = (# File name.
		'f' => '$1',
		# Line number.
		'l' => '$2',
		# Depth.
		'd' => '$3',
		# Name (also available as $0).
		'n' => '$4',
		# Escaped dollar.
		'$' => '$');

  my $res = '';
  $_ = $format;
  while ($_)
    {
      # $n -> $(n + 4)
      if (s/^\$(\d+)//)
	{
	  $res .= "\$" . ($1 + 4);
	}
      # $x, no separator given.
      elsif (s/^\$([fldn\$])//)
	{
	  $res .= $escape{$1};
	}
      # $.x or ${sep}x.
      elsif (s/^\$\{([^}]*)\}([@*%])//
	    || s/^\$(.?)([@*%])//)
	{
	  # $@, list of quoted effective arguments.
	  if ($2 eq '@')
	    {
	      $res .= ']at_at([' . ($1 ? $1 : ',') . '], $@)[';
	    }
	  # $*, list of unquoted effective arguments.
	  elsif ($2 eq '*')
	    {
	      $res .= ']at_star([' . ($1 ? $1 : ',') . '], $@)[';
	    }
	  # $%, list of flattened unquoted effective arguments.
	  elsif ($2 eq '%')
	    {
	      $res .= ']at_percent([' . ($1 ? $1 : ':') . '], $@)[';
	    }
	}
      elsif (/^(\$.)/)
	{
	  error "invalid escape: $1";
	}
      else
	{
	  s/^([^\$]+)//;
	  $res .= $1;
	}
    }

  $_ = $underscore;
  return '[[' . $res . ']]';
}


# handle_traces($REQ, $OUTPUT, %TRACE)
# ------------------------------------
# We use M4 itself to process the traces.  But to avoid name clashes when
# processing the traces, the builtins are disabled, and moved into `at_'.
# Actually, all the low level processing macros are in `at_' (and `_at_').
# To avoid clashes between user macros and `at_' macros, the macros which
# implement tracing are in `AT_'.
#
# Having $REQ is needed to neutralize the macros which have been traced,
# but are not wanted now.
sub handle_traces ($$%)
{
  my ($req, $output, %trace) = @_;

  verb "formatting traces for `$output': " . join (', ', sort keys %trace);

  # Processing the traces.
  my $trace_m4 = new Autom4te::XFile (">$tmp/traces.m4");

  $_ = <<'EOF';
  divert(-1)
  changequote([, ])
  # _at_MODE(SEPARATOR, ELT1, ELT2...)
  # ----------------------------------
  # List the elements, separating then with SEPARATOR.
  # MODE can be:
  #  `at'       -- the elements are enclosed in brackets.
  #  `star'     -- the elements are listed as are.
  #  `percent'  -- the elements are `flattened': spaces are singled out,
  #                and no new line remains.
  define([_at_at],
  [at_ifelse([$#], [1], [],
	     [$#], [2], [[[$2]]],
	     [[[$2]][$1]$0([$1], at_shift(at_shift($@)))])])

  define([_at_percent],
  [at_ifelse([$#], [1], [],
	     [$#], [2], [at_flatten([$2])],
	     [at_flatten([$2])[$1]$0([$1], at_shift(at_shift($@)))])])

  define([_at_star],
  [at_ifelse([$#], [1], [],
	     [$#], [2], [[$2]],
	     [[$2][$1]$0([$1], at_shift(at_shift($@)))])])

  # FLATTEN quotes its result.
  # Note that the second pattern is `newline, tab or space'.  Don't lose
  # the tab!
  define([at_flatten],
  [at_patsubst(at_patsubst(at_patsubst(at_patsubst([[[[$1]]]], [\\\n]),
				       [[\n\t ]+], [ ]),
			   [ *\(.\)$], [\1]),
	       [^ *\(.*\)], [[\1]])])

  define([at_args],    [at_shift(at_shift(at_shift(at_shift(at_shift($@)))))])
  define([at_at],      [_$0([$1], at_args($@))])
  define([at_percent], [_$0([$1], at_args($@))])
  define([at_star],    [_$0([$1], at_args($@))])

EOF
  s/^  //mg;s/\\t/\t/mg;s/\\n/\n/mg;
  print $trace_m4 $_;

  # If you trace `define', then on `define([m4_exit], defn([m4exit])' you
  # will produce
  #
  #    AT_define([m4sugar.m4], [115], [1], [define], [m4_exit], <m4exit>)
  #
  # Since `<m4exit>' is not quoted, the outer m4, when processing
  # `trace.m4' will exit prematurely.  Hence, move all the builtins to
  # the `at_' name space.

  print $trace_m4 "# Copy the builtins.\n";
  map { print $trace_m4 "define([at_$_], defn([$_]))\n" } @m4_builtin;
  print $trace_m4 "\n";

  print $trace_m4 "# Disable them.\n";
  map { print $trace_m4 "at_undefine([$_])\n" } @m4_builtin;
  print $trace_m4 "\n";


  # Neutralize traces: we don't want traces of cached requests (%REQUEST).
  print $trace_m4
   "## -------------------------------------- ##\n",
   "## By default neutralize all the traces.  ##\n",
   "## -------------------------------------- ##\n",
   "\n";
  print $trace_m4 "at_define([AT_$_], [at_dnl])\n"
    foreach (sort keys %{$req->macro});
  print $trace_m4 "\n";

  # Implement traces for current requests (%TRACE).
  print $trace_m4
    "## ------------------------- ##\n",
    "## Trace processing macros.  ##\n",
    "## ------------------------- ##\n",
    "\n";
  foreach (sort keys %trace)
    {
      # Trace request can be embed \n.
      (my $comment = "Trace $_:$trace{$_}") =~ s/^/\# /;
      print $trace_m4 "$comment\n";
      print $trace_m4 "at_define([AT_$_],\n";
      print $trace_m4 trace_format_to_m4 ($trace{$_}) . ")\n\n";
    }
  print $trace_m4 "\n";

  # Reenable output.
  print $trace_m4 "at_divert(0)at_dnl\n";

  # Transform the traces from m4 into an m4 input file.
  # Typically, transform:
  #
  # | m4trace:configure.ac:3: -1- AC_SUBST([exec_prefix], [NONE])
  #
  # into
  #
  # | AT_AC_SUBST([configure.ac], [3], [1], [AC_SUBST], [exec_prefix], [NONE])
  #
  # Pay attention that the file name might include colons, if under DOS
  # for instance, so we don't use `[^:]+'.
  my $traces = new Autom4te::XFile ($tcache . $req->id);
  while ($_ = $traces->getline)
    {
      # Trace with arguments, as the example above.  We don't try
      # to match the trailing parenthesis as it might be on a
      # separate line.
      s{^m4trace:(.+):(\d+): -(\d+)- ([^(]+)\((.*)$}
       {AT_$4([$1], [$2], [$3], [$4], $5};
      # Traces without arguments, always on a single line.
      s{^m4trace:(.+):(\d+): -(\d+)- ([^)]*)\n$}
       {AT_$4([$1], [$2], [$3], [$4])\n};
      print $trace_m4 "$_";
    }
  $trace_m4->close;

  my $in = new Autom4te::XFile ("$m4 $tmp/traces.m4 |");
  my $out = new Autom4te::XFile (">$output");

  # This is dubious: should we really transform the quadrigraphs in
  # traces?  It might break balanced [ ] etc. in the output.  The
  # consensus seeems to be that traces are more useful this way.
  while ($_ = $in->getline)
    {
      # It makes no sense to try to transform __oline__.
      s/\@<:\@/[/g;
      s/\@:>\@/]/g;
      s/\@\$\|\@/\$/g;
      s/\@%:\@/#/g;
      s/\@&t\@//g;
      print $out $_;
    }
}


# $BOOL
# up_to_date ($REQ)
# -----------------
# Are the cache files of $REQ up to date?
# $REQ is `valid' if it corresponds to the request and exists, which
# does not mean it is up to date.  It is up to date if, in addition,
# its files are younger than its dependencies.
sub up_to_date ($)
{
  my ($req) = @_;

  return 0
    if ! $req->valid;

  my $tfile = $tcache . $req->id;
  my $ofile = $ocache . $req->id;

  # We can't answer properly if the traces are not computed since we
  # need to know what other files were included.  Actually, if any of
  # the cache files is missing, we are not up to date.
  return 0
    if ! -f $tfile || ! -f $ofile;

  # The youngest of the cache files must be older than the oldest of
  # the dependencies.
  my $tmtime = mtime ($tfile);
  my $omtime = mtime ($ofile);
  my ($file, $mtime) = ($tmtime < $omtime
			? ($ofile, $omtime) : ($tfile, $tmtime));

  # We depend at least upon the arguments.
  my @dep = @ARGV;

  # Files may include others.  We can use traces since we just checked
  # if they are available.
  handle_traces ($req, "$tmp/dependencies",
		 ('include'    => '$1',
		  'm4_include' => '$1'));
  my $deps = new Autom4te::XFile ("$tmp/dependencies");
  while ($_ = $deps->getline)
    {
      chomp;
      my $file = find_file ("$_?", @include);
      # If a file which used to be included is no longer there, then
      # don't say it's missing (it might no longer be included).  But
      # of course, that cause the output to be outdated (as if the
      # time stamp of that missing file was newer).
      return 0
	if ! $file;
      push @dep, $file;
    }

  # If $FILE is younger than one of its dependencies, it is outdated.
  return up_to_date_p ($file, @dep);
}


## ---------- ##
## Freezing.  ##
## ---------- ##

# freeze ($OUTPUT)
# ----------------
sub freeze ($)
{
  my ($output) = @_;

  # When processing the file with diversion disabled, there must be no
  # output but comments and empty lines.
  my $result = xqx ("$m4"
		    . ' --fatal-warning'
		    . join (' --include=', '', @include)
		    . ' --define=divert'
		    . " " . files_to_options (@ARGV)
		    . ' </dev/null');
  $result =~ s/#.*\n//g;
  $result =~ s/^\n//mg;

  fatal "freezing produced output:\n$result"
    if $result;

  # If freezing produces output, something went wrong: a bad `divert',
  # or an improper paren etc.
  xsystem ("$m4"
	   . ' --fatal-warning'
	   . join (' --include=', '', @include)
	   . " --freeze-state=$output"
	   . " " . files_to_options (@ARGV)
	   . ' </dev/null');
}

## -------------- ##
## Main program.  ##
## -------------- ##

mktmpdir ('am4t');
load_configuration ($ENV{'AUTOM4TE_CFG'} || "$datadir/autom4te.cfg");
load_configuration ("$ENV{'HOME'}/.autom4te.cfg")
  if exists $ENV{'HOME'} && -f "$ENV{'HOME'}/.autom4te.cfg";
load_configuration (".autom4te.cfg")
  if -f ".autom4te.cfg";
parse_args;

# Freezing does not involve the cache.
if ($freeze)
  {
    freeze ($output);
    exit $exit_code;
  }

# We need our cache directory.
if (! -d "$cache")
  {
    mkdir "$cache", 0755
      or fatal "cannot create $cache: $!";
  }

# Open the index for update, and lock it.  autom4te handles several
# files, but the index is the first and last file to be update, so
# locking it is sufficient.
$icache_file = new Autom4te::XFile $icache, O_RDWR|O_CREAT;
$icache_file->lock (LOCK_EX);

# Read the cache index if available and older than autom4te itself.
# If autom4te is younger, then some structures such as C4che, might
# have changed, which would corrupt its processing.
Autom4te::C4che->load ($icache_file)
  if -f $icache && mtime ($icache) > mtime ($0);

# Add the new trace requests.
my $req = Autom4te::C4che->request ('input' => \@ARGV,
				    'path'  => \@include,
				    'macro' => [keys %trace, @preselect]);

# If $REQ's cache files are not up to date, or simply if the user
# discarded them (-f), declare it invalid.
$req->valid (0)
  if $force || ! up_to_date ($req);

# We now know whether we can trust the Request object.  Say it.
verb "the trace request object is:\n" . $req->marshall;

# We need to run M4 if (i) the users wants it (--force), (ii) $REQ is
# invalid.
handle_m4 ($req, keys %{$req->macro})
  if $force || ! $req->valid;

# Issue the warnings each time autom4te was run.
my $separator = "\n" . ('-' x 25) . " END OF WARNING " . ('-' x 25) . "\n\n";
handle_traces ($req, "$tmp/warnings",
	       ('_m4_warn' => "\$1::\$f:\$l::\$2::\$3$separator"));
# Swallow excessive newlines.
for (split (/\n*$separator\n*/o, contents ("$tmp/warnings")))
{
  # The message looks like:
  # | syntax::input.as:5::ouch
  # | ::input.as:4: baz is expanded from...
  # | input.as:2: bar is expanded from...
  # | input.as:3: foo is expanded from...
  # | input.as:5: the top level
  my ($cat, $loc, $msg, $stacktrace) = split ('::', $_, 4);
  msg $cat, $loc, "warning: $msg";
  for (split /\n/, $stacktrace)
    {
      my ($loc, $trace) = split (': ', $_, 2);
      msg $cat, $loc, $trace;
    }
}

# Now output...
if (%trace)
  {
    # Always produce traces, since even if the output is young enough,
    # there is no guarantee that the traces use the same *format*
    # (e.g., `-t FOO:foo' and `-t FOO:bar' are both using the same M4
    # traces, hence the M4 traces cache is usable, but its formatting
    # will yield different results).
    handle_traces ($req, $output, %trace);
  }
else
  {
    # Actual M4 expansion, only if $output is too old. STDOUT is
    # pretty old.
    handle_output ($req, $output)
      if mtime ($output) < mtime ($ocache . $req->id);
  }

# If we ran up to here, the cache is valid.
$req->valid (1);
Autom4te::C4che->save ($icache_file);

exit $exit_code;

### Setup "GNU" style for perl-mode and cperl-mode.
## Local Variables:
## perl-indent-level: 2
## perl-continued-statement-offset: 2
## perl-continued-brace-offset: 0
## perl-brace-offset: 0
## perl-brace-imaginary-offset: 0
## perl-label-offset: -2
## cperl-indent-level: 2
## cperl-brace-offset: 0
## cperl-continued-brace-offset: 0
## cperl-label-offset: -2
## cperl-extra-newline-before-brace: t
## cperl-merge-trailing-else: nil
## cperl-continued-statement-offset: 2
## End: