INSTALL   [plain text]

Quick-start build instructions
1) Configure the package:


2) Compile it:


3) Install it:

	make install

This final step may require temporary root access (eg. with sudo) if
you don't have write permission to the directory in which cairo will
be installed.

NOTE: If you are working with source from git/cvs rather than from a tar
file, then you should use ./ in place of ./configure
anywhere it is mentioned in these instructions.

More detailed build instructions
1) Configure the package

   The first step in building cairo is to configure the package by
   running the configure script. [Note: if you don't have a configure
   script, skip down below to the Extremely detailed build

   The configure script attempts to automatically detect as much as
   possible about your system. So, you should primarily just accept
   its defaults by running:


   The configure script does accept a large number of options for
   fine-tuning its behavior. See "./configure --help" for a complete
   list. The most commonly used options are discussed here.


	This option specifies the directory under which the software
	should be installed. By default configure will choose a
	directory such as /usr/local. If you would like to install
	cairo to some other location, pass the director to configure
	with the --prefix option. For example:

		./configure --prefix=/opt/cairo

	would install cairo into the /opt/cairo directory. You could
	also choose a prefix directory within your home directory if
	you don't have write access to any system-wide directory.

	After installing into a custom prefix, you will need to set
	some environment variables to allow the software to be
	found. Assuming the /opt/cairo prefix and assuming you are
	using the bash shell, the following environment variables
	should be set:


	(NOTE: On Mac OS X, at least, use DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH in place
	       of LD_LIBRARY_PATH above.)


   Cairo's various font and surface backends and other features can be
   enabled or disabled at configure time.  Features can be divided into
   three categories based on their default state:

     * default=yes: These are the recommended features like PNG functions
       and PS/PDF/SVG backends.  It is highly recommended to not disable
       these features but if that's really what one wants, they can be
       disabled using --disable-XYZ.

     * default=auto: These are the "native" features, that is, they are
       platform specific, like the Xlib surface backend.  You probably
       want one or two of these.  They will be automatically enabled if
       all their required facilities are available.  Or you can use
       --enable-XYZ or --disable-XYZ to make your desire clear, and then
       cairo errs during configure if your intention cannot be followed.

     * default=no: These are the "experimental" features, and hence by
       default off.  Use --enabled-XYZ to enable them.

   The list of all features and their default state can be seen in the
   output of ./configure --help.

2) Compile the package:

   This step is very simple. Just:


   The Makefiles included with cairo are designed to work on as many
   different systems as possible.

   When cairo is compiled, you can also run some automated tests of
   cairo with:

	make check

   NOTE: Some versions of X servers will cause the -xlib tests to
   report failures in make check even when cairo is working just
   fine. If you see failures in nothing but -xlib tests, please
   examine the corresponding -xlib-out.png images and compare them to
   the -ref.png reference images (the -xlib-diff.png images might also
   be useful). If the results seem "close enough" please do not report
   a bug against cairo as the "failures" you are seeing are just due
   to subtle variations in X server implementations.

3) Install the package:

   The final step is to install the package with:

	make install

   If you are installing to a system-wide location you may need to
   temporarily acquire root access in order to perform this
   operation. A good way to do this is to use the sudo program:

	sudo make install

Extremely detailed build instructions
So you want to build cairo but it didn't come with a configure
script. This is probably because you have checked out the latest
in-development code via git. If you need to be on the bleeding edge,
(for example, because you're wanting to develop some aspect of cairo
itself), then you're in the right place and should read on.

However, if you don't need such a bleeding-edge version of cairo, then
you might prefer to start by building the latest stable cairo release:

or perhaps the latest (unstable) development snapshot:

There you'll find nicely packaged tar files that include a configure
script so you can go back the the simpler instructions above.

But you're still reading, so you're someone that loves to
learn. Excellent! We hope you'll learn enough to make some excellent
contributions to cairo. Since you're not using a packaged tar file,
you're going to need some additional tools beyond just a C compiler in
order to compile cairo. Specifically, you need the following utilities:

	pkg-config [at least version 0.16]
	gtk-doc (recommended)

Hopefully your platform of choice has packages readily available so
that you can easily install things with your system's package
management tool, (such as "apt-get install automake" on Debian or "yum
install automake" on Fedora, etc.). Note that Mac OS X ships with
glibtoolize instead of libtoolize.

Once you have all of those packages installed, the next step is to run
the script. That can be as simple as:


But before you run that command, note that the script
accepts all the same arguments as the configure script, (and in fact,
will generate the configure script and run it with the arguments you
provide). So go back up to step (1) above and see what additional
arguments you might want to pass, (such as prefix). Then continue with
the instructions, simply using ./ in place of ./configure.

Happy hacking!