auth2-pubkey.c   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000 Markus Friedl.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "includes.h"
RCSID("$OpenBSD: auth2-pubkey.c,v 1.6 2004/01/19 21:25:15 markus Exp $");

#include "ssh2.h"
#include "xmalloc.h"
#include "packet.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "servconf.h"
#include "compat.h"
#include "bufaux.h"
#include "auth.h"
#include "key.h"
#include "pathnames.h"
#include "uidswap.h"
#include "auth-options.h"
#include "canohost.h"
#include "monitor_wrap.h"

/* import */
extern ServerOptions options;
extern u_char *session_id2;
extern u_int session_id2_len;

static int
userauth_pubkey(Authctxt *authctxt)
{
	Buffer b;
	Key *key = NULL;
	char *pkalg;
	u_char *pkblob, *sig;
	u_int alen, blen, slen;
	int have_sig, pktype;
	int authenticated = 0;

	if (!authctxt->valid) {
		debug2("userauth_pubkey: disabled because of invalid user");
		return 0;
	}
	have_sig = packet_get_char();
	if (datafellows & SSH_BUG_PKAUTH) {
		debug2("userauth_pubkey: SSH_BUG_PKAUTH");
		/* no explicit pkalg given */
		pkblob = packet_get_string(&blen);
		buffer_init(&b);
		buffer_append(&b, pkblob, blen);
		/* so we have to extract the pkalg from the pkblob */
		pkalg = buffer_get_string(&b, &alen);
		buffer_free(&b);
	} else {
		pkalg = packet_get_string(&alen);
		pkblob = packet_get_string(&blen);
	}
	pktype = key_type_from_name(pkalg);
	if (pktype == KEY_UNSPEC) {
		/* this is perfectly legal */
		logit("userauth_pubkey: unsupported public key algorithm: %s",
		    pkalg);
		goto done;
	}
	key = key_from_blob(pkblob, blen);
	if (key == NULL) {
		error("userauth_pubkey: cannot decode key: %s", pkalg);
		goto done;
	}
	if (key->type != pktype) {
		error("userauth_pubkey: type mismatch for decoded key "
		    "(received %d, expected %d)", key->type, pktype);
		goto done;
	}
	if (have_sig) {
		sig = packet_get_string(&slen);
		packet_check_eom();
		buffer_init(&b);
		if (datafellows & SSH_OLD_SESSIONID) {
			buffer_append(&b, session_id2, session_id2_len);
		} else {
			buffer_put_string(&b, session_id2, session_id2_len);
		}
		/* reconstruct packet */
		buffer_put_char(&b, SSH2_MSG_USERAUTH_REQUEST);
		buffer_put_cstring(&b, authctxt->user);
		buffer_put_cstring(&b,
		    datafellows & SSH_BUG_PKSERVICE ?
		    "ssh-userauth" :
		    authctxt->service);
		if (datafellows & SSH_BUG_PKAUTH) {
			buffer_put_char(&b, have_sig);
		} else {
			buffer_put_cstring(&b, "publickey");
			buffer_put_char(&b, have_sig);
			buffer_put_cstring(&b, pkalg);
		}
		buffer_put_string(&b, pkblob, blen);
#ifdef DEBUG_PK
		buffer_dump(&b);
#endif
		/* test for correct signature */
		authenticated = 0;
		if (PRIVSEP(user_key_allowed(authctxt->pw, key)) &&
		    PRIVSEP(key_verify(key, sig, slen, buffer_ptr(&b),
		    buffer_len(&b))) == 1)
			authenticated = 1;
		buffer_free(&b);
		xfree(sig);
	} else {
		debug("test whether pkalg/pkblob are acceptable");
		packet_check_eom();

		/* XXX fake reply and always send PK_OK ? */
		/*
		 * XXX this allows testing whether a user is allowed
		 * to login: if you happen to have a valid pubkey this
		 * message is sent. the message is NEVER sent at all
		 * if a user is not allowed to login. is this an
		 * issue? -markus
		 */
		if (PRIVSEP(user_key_allowed(authctxt->pw, key))) {
			packet_start(SSH2_MSG_USERAUTH_PK_OK);
			packet_put_string(pkalg, alen);
			packet_put_string(pkblob, blen);
			packet_send();
			packet_write_wait();
			authctxt->postponed = 1;
		}
	}
	if (authenticated != 1)
		auth_clear_options();
done:
	debug2("userauth_pubkey: authenticated %d pkalg %s", authenticated, pkalg);
	if (key != NULL)
		key_free(key);
	xfree(pkalg);
	xfree(pkblob);
#ifdef HAVE_CYGWIN
	if (check_nt_auth(0, authctxt->pw) == 0)
		authenticated = 0;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_BSM_AUDIT_H) && defined(HAVE_LIBBSM)
	if (!authenticated) {
		PRIVSEP(solaris_audit_bad_pw("public key"));
	}
#endif /* BSM */
	return authenticated;
}

/* return 1 if user allows given key */
static int
user_key_allowed2(struct passwd *pw, Key *key, char *file)
{
	char line[8192];
	int found_key = 0;
	FILE *f;
	u_long linenum = 0;
	struct stat st;
	Key *found;
	char *fp;

	/* Temporarily use the user's uid. */
	temporarily_use_uid(pw);

	debug("trying public key file %s", file);

	/* Fail quietly if file does not exist */
	if (stat(file, &st) < 0) {
		/* Restore the privileged uid. */
		restore_uid();
		return 0;
	}
	/* Open the file containing the authorized keys. */
	f = fopen(file, "r");
	if (!f) {
		/* Restore the privileged uid. */
		restore_uid();
		return 0;
	}
	if (options.strict_modes &&
	    secure_filename(f, file, pw, line, sizeof(line)) != 0) {
		fclose(f);
		logit("Authentication refused: %s", line);
		restore_uid();
		return 0;
	}

	found_key = 0;
	found = key_new(key->type);

	while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), f)) {
		char *cp, *options = NULL;
		linenum++;
		/* Skip leading whitespace, empty and comment lines. */
		for (cp = line; *cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t'; cp++)
			;
		if (!*cp || *cp == '\n' || *cp == '#')
			continue;

		if (key_read(found, &cp) != 1) {
			/* no key?  check if there are options for this key */
			int quoted = 0;
			debug2("user_key_allowed: check options: '%s'", cp);
			options = cp;
			for (; *cp && (quoted || (*cp != ' ' && *cp != '\t')); cp++) {
				if (*cp == '\\' && cp[1] == '"')
					cp++;	/* Skip both */
				else if (*cp == '"')
					quoted = !quoted;
			}
			/* Skip remaining whitespace. */
			for (; *cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t'; cp++)
				;
			if (key_read(found, &cp) != 1) {
				debug2("user_key_allowed: advance: '%s'", cp);
				/* still no key?  advance to next line*/
				continue;
			}
		}
		if (key_equal(found, key) &&
		    auth_parse_options(pw, options, file, linenum) == 1) {
			found_key = 1;
			debug("matching key found: file %s, line %lu",
			    file, linenum);
			fp = key_fingerprint(found, SSH_FP_MD5, SSH_FP_HEX);
			verbose("Found matching %s key: %s",
			    key_type(found), fp);
			xfree(fp);
			break;
		}
	}
	restore_uid();
	fclose(f);
	key_free(found);
	if (!found_key)
		debug2("key not found");
	return found_key;
}

/* check whether given key is in .ssh/authorized_keys* */
int
user_key_allowed(struct passwd *pw, Key *key)
{
	int success;
	char *file;

	file = authorized_keys_file(pw);
	success = user_key_allowed2(pw, key, file);
	xfree(file);
	if (success)
		return success;

	/* try suffix "2" for backward compat, too */
	file = authorized_keys_file2(pw);
	success = user_key_allowed2(pw, key, file);
	xfree(file);
	return success;
}

Authmethod method_pubkey = {
	"publickey",
	userauth_pubkey,
	&options.pubkey_authentication
};