.\" $OpenBSD: arc4random.3,v 1.2 1997/04/27 22:40:25 angelos Exp $ .\" Copyright 1997 Niels Provos <email@example.com> .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by Niels Provos. .\" 4. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products .\" derived from this software without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES .\" OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. .\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, .\" INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT .\" NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, .\" DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY .\" THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT .\" (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF .\" THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" Manual page, using -mandoc macros .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/gen/arc4random.3,v 1.12 2001/10/01 16:08:50 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd April 15, 1997 .Dt ARC4RANDOM 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm arc4random , .Nm arc4random_stir , .Nm arc4random_addrandom .Nd arc4 random number generator .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In stdlib.h .Ft u_int32_t .Fn arc4random "void" .Ft void .Fn arc4random_stir "void" .Ft void .Fn arc4random_addrandom "unsigned char *dat" "int datlen" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn arc4random function uses the key stream generator employed by the arc4 cipher, which uses 8*8 8 bit S-Boxes. The S-Boxes can be in about .if t 2\u\s71700\s10\d .if n (2**1700) states. .Pp The .Fn arc4random_stir function reads data from .Pa /dev/urandom and uses it to permute the S-Boxes via .Fn arc4random_addrandom . .Pp There is no need to call .Fn arc4random_stir before using .Fn arc4random , since .Fn arc4random automatically initializes itself. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr rand 3 , .Xr random 3 , .Xr srandomdev 3 .Sh HISTORY .Pa RC4 has been designed by RSA Data Security, Inc. It was posted anonymously to the USENET and was confirmed to be equivalent by several sources who had access to the original cipher. Since .Pa RC4 used to be a trade secret, the cipher is now referred to as .Pa ARC4 .