.\" $OpenBSD: opendev.3,v 1.15 2002/05/01 08:03:30 mpech Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 2000, Todd C. Miller. All rights reserved. .\" Copyright (c) 1996, Jason Downs. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR(S) ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS .\" OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED .\" WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE .\" DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, .\" INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES .\" (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR .\" SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER .\" CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .Dd December 12, 2002 .Dt OPENDEV 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm opendev .Nd short form device open routine .Sh SYNOPSIS .Fd #include <util.h> .Ft int .Fn opendev "char *path" "int oflags" "int dflags" "char **realpath" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn opendev function opens a device using the .Dq short form name. This is typically .Dq disk0s3 , for instance, which will be expanded to .Pa /dev/rdisk0s3 on most architectures. .Pp Device name lookup is done by first checking .Fa path for a .Dq / and if one is found attempting to open that file. Otherwise .Fa /dev is searched for a matching device. .Pp The .Fa oflags are the same as the .Fa flags passed to .Xr open 2 . .Pp The .Fa dflags are specified by .Tn OR Ns 'ing the following values: .Pp .Bd -literal -offset indent -compact OPENDEV_PART attempt to open the raw partition during expansion OPENDEV_BLCK open the block device (default is character device) .Ed .Pp The .Dq raw partition is defined as the partition which provides access to the entire disk, regardless of the disk's partition map. .Pp If .Fa realpath is not .Dv NULL , it is modified to point at the fully expanded device name. .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn opendev return value and errors are the same as the return value and errors of .Xr open 2 . .Sh WARNINGS If .Fa realpath is not .Dv NULL , on return it will point to internal static storage space that will be overwritten by subsequent calls. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr open 2 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn opendev function first appeared in .Ox 1.2 .