.\" Copyright (c) 1990, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)strmode.3 8.3 (Berkeley) 7/28/94 .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/string/strmode.3,v 1.8 2001/10/01 16:09:00 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd July 28, 1994 .Dt STRMODE 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm strmode .Nd convert inode status information into a symbolic string .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In string.h .Ft void .Fn strmode "mode_t mode" "char *bp" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn strmode function converts a file .Fa mode (the type and permission information associated with an inode, see .Xr stat 2 ) into a symbolic string which is stored in the location referenced by .Fa bp . This stored string is eleven characters in length plus a trailing .Dv NUL . .Pp The first character is the inode type, and will be one of the following: .Pp .Bl -tag -width flag -offset indent -compact .It \- regular file .It b block special .It c character special .It d directory .It l symbolic link .It p fifo .It s socket .It w whiteout .It ? unknown inode type .El .Pp The next nine characters encode three sets of permissions, in three characters each. The first three characters are the permissions for the owner of the file, the second three for the group the file belongs to, and the third for the ``other'', or default, set of users. .Pp Permission checking is done as specifically as possible. If read permission is denied to the owner of a file in the first set of permissions, the owner of the file will not be able to read the file. This is true even if the owner is in the file's group and the group permissions allow reading or the ``other'' permissions allow reading. .Pp If the first character of the three character set is an ``r'', the file is readable for that set of users; if a dash ``\-'', it is not readable. .Pp If the second character of the three character set is a ``w'', the file is writable for that set of users; if a dash ``\-'', it is not writable. .Pp The third character is the first of the following characters that apply: .Bl -tag -width xxxx .It S If the character is part of the owner permissions and the file is not executable or the directory is not searchable by the owner, and the set-user-id bit is set. .It S If the character is part of the group permissions and the file is not executable or the directory is not searchable by the group, and the set-group-id bit is set. .It T If the character is part of the other permissions and the file is not executable or the directory is not searchable by others, and the ``sticky'' .Pq Dv S_ISVTX bit is set. .It s If the character is part of the owner permissions and the file is executable or the directory searchable by the owner, and the set-user-id bit is set. .It s If the character is part of the group permissions and the file is executable or the directory searchable by the group, and the set-group-id bit is set. .It t If the character is part of the other permissions and the file is executable or the directory searchable by others, and the ``sticky'' .Pq Dv S_ISVTX bit is set. .It x The file is executable or the directory is searchable. .It \- None of the above apply. .El .Pp The last character is a plus sign ``+'' if any there are any alternate or additional access control methods associated with the inode, otherwise it will be a space. .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn strmode function always returns 0. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr chmod 1 , .Xr find 1 , .Xr stat 2 , .Xr getmode 3 , .Xr setmode 3 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn strmode function first appeared in .Bx 4.4 .